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July 31, 1958 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1958-07-31

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C, r

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Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

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THUNDERSHOWERS

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10dT TIM Ts 1 f _ V Q<.':

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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 31, 1958

FIVE CENTS

FR P AG'S'

Lebanese Parliament To

Elect President Today

- .4,

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Central
Urged f

Education Agency

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State's

Colleges

BEIRUT, Lebanon ()-Parlia-
ment expects to elect Gen. Faud
Shehab as president today; hoping
Lebanon's top soldier can bring
peace to this troubled land.
Sick of the 82-day rebellion,
most legislators have climbed on
his bandwagon, ready to throw
Ino his lap all the troubles that
threaten to tear the little republic
apart.
Adel Osseiran, speaker of the
66-member body, said the session
definitely would be held. He pre-
dicted the nearly unanimous elec-
tion of the amiable 56-year-old
army chief.
To Succeed Chamoun
The new president will succeed
} pro-Western President Camille
Chamoun, prime target of the
rebellion. Chamoun's six-year term
ia up Sept. 23, but the rebels want
him to get out now.
So sure were many of the depu-
ties of Shehab's election that
hey went around to congratulate
him beforehand.
Even the four deputies of the
National Front, the main rebel
coalition, were reported disposed
to vote for him. The National
Front declared Tuesday it would
not support any candidate unless
he demanded immediate with-
drawal of American forces.
Not Answered Yet
Shehab has not answered the
demands, but the group has
threatened to carry on its rebellion
unless he bows to its terms.
Robert Murphy, President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's envoy who
has been interviewing many poli-
tical figures here, went to Jordan
to visit King Hussein. The King
- s under mounting pressure from
the same kind of terrorism and
infiltration which has beset Leb-
anon.
A time bomb wrecked the inside
of the British library and informa-
tion office in the Jordan capital
Tuesday night and another ex-
ploded outside the garage of a
British banker.
Army Clashes
The Jordan army announced
another clash with infiltrators
near the Syrian border and said
one of the band, a man from Syria,
was captured along with a store
of arms.
Shehab has been accepted by
the Lebanese as a compromise
largely because he has kept his
mouth shut.
President Nasser of the United
Arab Republic has referred to
Shehab as the man supported by
most of the population.
Premier Sami Solh again urged
that the election be postponed. He
argued that the attempt on his life
Tuesday showed that conditions
were not calm enough for an elec-
tion. He is personally opposed to
Shehab.
Iraeqi Regi
Now Assured
Of Recognition
LONDON (MA - Iraq's new re-
publican regime, after being court-
ed at first largely by the Commu-
hists and Arab nationalists, is
assured now of broad world diplo-
t matic recognition.
A rush built up last night in the
West and among Iraq's pro-West-
ern neighbors in the Mideast to
recognize the administration of
Brig. Abdel Karim Kassem. He is
the revolutionary leader who de-
stroyed King Faisal's pro-Western
government June 14.
While Western diplomatic mills
ground toward an exchange of
calling cards with Kassem, fepre-
sentatives of certain Communist
and Arab nationalist nations were
already in on the ground floor.
The Soviet Union showed how

it rates the strategic, oil-bearing
nation by appointing a member of
the Supreme Soviet as its new am-
bassador to Baghdad. He is Gri-
gory Zaitsev, chief of the Mideast
denartment in the Soviet Foreign

,

--Daily-Al Erbe
WILLIAM E. BOWLING
... seeks GOP nomination

Warner, B owling Vie1
In Republican Race
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third In a series of articles out-
lining the views of candidates in Tuesday's primary election.)
By SUSAN HOLTZER
Rep. James F. Warner's prediction of a University fee increase
was countered by William E. Bowling's charge that "university groups
in this area are not being properly represented in the Legislature," as
the primary contest between the two candidates came down to the wire.
Bowling, financial secretary for Carpenters Local No. 512, is
making his second attempt to defeat Rep. Warner for the Republican
nomination to Washtenaw County's Second District seat in the State
'House of Representatives. He was

Three Steel
Producers
ike Prices
NEW YORK (M---The steel price
front cracked wide open yesterday
when three more steel producers--
the nation's third, fourth and fifth
largest-announced price boosts.
An Associated Press poll found
large steel users wondering how
to absorb the added costs. Many
said the increase would have to
be passed on to the ultimate con-
sumer, but probably not right
away.
Three Join Armco
Joining Armco Steel Corp. in
boosting prices were Republic
Steel Corp. of Cleveland, third
biggest; Jones & Laughlin Steel
Corp. of Cleveland, fourth largest,
and National Steel Corp., fifth
ranking.
Armco, seventh largest United
States steel producer, touched off
the 1958 round of steel price in-
creases by announcing its new
price schedule late Tuesday. -
Still to be heard from are the
nation's largest producer, United
States Steel Corp., and Bethlehem
Steel Corp., second in size. United
States Steel makes more steel than
Republic, Jones & Laughlin, and
Armco put together.
U.S., Bethlehem Waiting
United States Steel and Bethle-
hem said late yesterday they still
are studying the price situation.
In Chicago, President Joseph L.
Block of Inland Steel Co. said,
"The increases that were an-
nounced today were certainly con-
servative. Nevertheless, underpres-
ent very competitive market con-
ditions, Inland cannot raise its
prices unless and until such action
is taken by United States Steel
Corp., our principal competitor. To
do otherwise would cause us a
serious loss of business."
Timken Roller Bearing Co., said
it is planning to raise prices of
alloy steel but doesn't know how
much,
West Agrees
On Trade Pact
LONDON A) -- Britain an-
nounced agreement yesterday by
15 allies, including the United
States, to cut and revise curbs on
trade with the Communist world.
The accord opened the way for
greater East-West trade just
when Europe is expecting the im-
nact of the Americnrecessinn

beaten by Rep. Warner in the 1956
contest.
Rep. Warner forecast a rise in
fees for both in- and out-state
students, but said that "to offset
this, I believe we will see more
state-supported scholarships, so
that our more brilliant minds, if
they have the need and desire,
will not be denied an education."
For Residents Only
These scholarships, however, will
be provided for Michigan students,
only, Rep. Warner said. "The state
is not going to give scholarships
to support non-residents," he de-
clared.
He noted that Michigan is still
"way ahead of other states in the
field of higher education, although
he commented "you cannot ever
have enough education." State in-
stitutions are receiving twice as
much now as they did seven years
ago, he pointed out.
"The University got as much
this year as the Legislature could
possibly give it," Rep. Warner de-
clared. "I am pleased we were
able to do as well as we did." He
would not predict an increase in
the University budget next year,
but said "we hope there will be
money available."
Universities Unrepresented j
Bowling said that he "does not{
blame Rep. Warner alone" for the
cut in funds to higher education,
but added that "in this area, the
representative should work for the
benefit of the University, Eastern
Michigan College, and the other
university groups.
"I do not think the Legislature
in general represents the people,"
Bowling declared. "In Rep. War-
See WARNER, page 4

Ike's Stand
Gets Okay
By Fanfani
President's Summit
Preparations Go On
WASHINGTON (A') - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's conditions
for a summit meeting won the en-
dorsement of Italy's visiting Pre-
mier yesterday as consultations
continued on a new message to
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev.
Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon meanwhile was quoted as
believing a summit parley will be
arranged despite the current ap-
parent deadlock over when, where
and how to meet.
A reporter for a Washington
newspaper reported that Nixon
told her Tuesday night: "Yes, I
think there will be a summit con-
ference and I think it will be held
in New York. I think there will be
one because both the British and
the Russians want one."
Nixon discussed summit pros-
pects briefly while attending a
dinner at the Italian Embassy to
honor Amintore Fanfani, Italy's
new premier, who has been dis-
cussing summit and Middle East
problems with President Eisen-
hower.
Fanfani formally backed Presi-
dent Eisenhower's summit propo-
sals in a speech yesterday at a
National Press Club luncheon. He
said a parley within the 11-mem-
ber United Nations Security Coun-
cil offers "the most solid ground
for orderly procedure."
Fanfani made it plain he has
no objections to informal face-to-
face meetings between Eisenhower
and Khrushchev.
Geneva Talks
Nearing Close
GENEVA (') - Scientists of
East and West yesterday entered
the final stage of their talks on
control of a nuclear test ban.
After a one-day recess, the dele-
gates held their 22nd meeting
since July 1, and for the first time
discussed the operation of a joint
nuclear control system.
In the first four weeks of talks,
they drew up an agreed list of the
different techniques which could
provide a safeguard against se-
cret violations of a test ban.
Spokesmen of both sides ex-
pressed satisfaction with this
achievement.

By JUDITH DONER
"My own conviction is that the
Russian people themselves are
fine," Prof. Holland Hunter, visit-
ing professor from Haverford Col-
lege, said in a talk yesterday.
Dealing with "People,,Space
and Power in the USSR," Prof.
Hunter indicated it was his belief
that the Soviet people do not have
a very overwhelming urge to re-
organize life in other countries,
any more than the United States
does.
Although he said he believes
that the notion of a "national
Reds Chairge
U.S. Violation
Of Airspae
MOSCOW (-) - The Soviet Un-
ion yesterday charged that Ya
United States plane from Iran de-
liberately violated Soviet air space
and said Soviet fighters forced the
aircraft to flee.
The Soviet government said it
took a particularly grave view of
the latest plane incident in view of
United States-British "armed in-
tervention" in the Middle East.
The government handed pro-
tests to United States Ambassador
Llewellyn Thompson and Iranian
Ambassador Mostafa Samis. The
notes charged that on July 26 a
United States military plane fly-
ing from the direction of Iran
crossed the Soviet border in the
Caspian Sea area 130 miles south-
east of the town of Astara.
In Washington, the State De-
partment said the complaint
would be investigated. Moscow's
protest note was received there in
midafternoon.
The protest claimed the plane
strayed 15 miles inside Soviet ter-
ritory before it was forced back.
It did not say whether the Soviet
fighters had opened fire.
The Soviet government insisted
that those guilty be punished and
that effective measures be taken
to prevent such incidents in the
future.%
The note to Iran, said the So-
viet government "draws attention
to the fact that such violation had
also occurred before and that the
facts do not tally with Iranian
government statements that no
foreign troops will be stationed in
Iran and that Iran will never be
used as a base for attacks against
the Soviet Union."

character" is a dubious concept,
he explained that there is some
meaning in discussing the cultural
heritage of a people.
Russian Image Cited
"The Russian image is supposed'
to be that of a person subject to
wide swings of energy and lassi-
tude, of confidence and despair,
of love and hate," he reported.
"More recently, Soviet psychol-
ogists and educators have devel-
oped a model called "The New So-
viet Man." Here the emphasis
shifts to will power, to a disci-
plined character who controls
himself rationally and who de-
votes himself wholeheartedly to
the national cause," Prof. Hunter
explained.
In dealing with the second term
in the lecture's title, "Space," Prof.
Hunter pointed out that the Rus-
sians have a great deal less usable
space than they claim.
Not All Land Useful
"It is true that the U.S.S.R.
covers one-sixth of the land area
on this planet, but since the coun-
try is so far north, about half the
territory is of very little use," he
said.
According to Prof. Hunter, the
vast amount of Russian space ac-
tually provides quite a precarious
food base for over 200 million
people.
He did not say that starvation
stares them in the face, but he
did suggest that Russia has
"precious little in the way of
Elysian Fields."
Discusses Natural Resources
Discussing the matter of natur-
al resources for industry, the pro-
fessor noted that the rich deposits
are typically widely separated
from each other.
"The availability of natural re-
sources is usually thought of in
terms of amounts," he continued.
"This is wrong. They should be
thought of in terms of costs."
"If Russian raw material sup-
plies are examined from this point
of view, it turns out that their
supplies of really rich deposits are
distinctly finite, and in fact that
some of the best are already near-

'PEOPLE, SPACE, POWER':
Hunter discusses Russian Factors

I'

Would Offer

--Daily-William Kimball
PROF. HOLLAND HUNTER
speaks on Soviets
ing exhaustion," Prof. Hunter re-
ported..
Smaller Than Described
"It is necessary for an outside
observer to keep in mind that
what is actually on hand is a good
deal smaller than what is de-
scribed in Soviet literature," he
warned.
"Soviet power arises from apply-
ing modern technology to these
people in this space," Prof. Hunter
explained in interrelating the
three aspects of his lecture.
Although the Soviet people may
lack much of what we consider
"essentials," Prof. Hunter said
that the people and the space have
been transformed sufficiently by
the industrialization process so
that in any relevant sense of the
word, Russia now has great
"power."n
He suggested that resource
problems will not limit Soviet in-
dustrial growth in the foresee-
able future, "although costs will
rise as poorer or more distant
supplies have to be drawn on."
"So far, the Russians have been
unwilling to become dependent on
outside sources of supply for any-
thing," he added.

By The Associated Pres
LANSING-Creation of a cen-
tral agency assigned responsibility'
for the development of higher
education in Michigan was urged
yesterday in a Legislative Study
Committee staff report.
The report was the 13th in a
series prepared by John D. Russell,
survey director, for the Legislative
Study Committee on Higher Edu-
cation.
The report also suggested:
1) Elimination of provisions that
the presidents of Wayne State
University, the University and
MSU be presiding officers of their
respective boards. Election of 4
presiding officer by board members
was suggested.
2) Transfer of supervision and
accreditation of high schools from
the University to the State Board
of Education and State Depart-
ment of Public Instruction.
3) That board members of
state-controlled institutions be ap-
pointed by the governor instead of,
as in most cases, elected by popu-
lar vote.
Many States Have One
"A number of states," the report
said, "have developed a central
coordinating agency with the
function of making continuous
studies of the programs, opera-
tions and needs of their colleges
and universities.
"It would seem logical that the
state should have some central
agency assigned the development
of higher education on a statewide
basis."
The report suggested that the
Legislature take immediate steps
to create such an agency, with the
suggested title of "Michigan Board
for Higher Education."
Functions Outlined
Functions of the proposed co-
ordinating agency were described
as:
To collect, analyze and report
data concerning programs, facili-
ties, finances and operations of all
state-controlled institutions of
higher education.
To furnish state fiscal authori-
ties and the Legislature an annual
estimate of the needs of each
state-controlled institution for ap-
propriations for the coming fiscal
year.,
To advise the Legislature and
other agencies of state government
on all policy matters affecting the
development and operation of
higher educatiort such as estab-
lishmnent of new institutions and
development of new areas of edu-
cational service.
To make continuing studies of
the state's needs for higher educa.
tion and the effectiveness of pres-
ent programs.
Obtain Advice
To provide a source from which
institution officials could obtain
advice on problems of developing
and operating their programs.
It was emphasized that the co-
ordinating board should have no
authority to interfere with the
internal management of state-
controlled institutions.
Other major recommendations
were:
Asks College Board
1) Creation of a community
college board to exercise state-
level supervision over the com-
munity college program in Michi-
gan.
2) Creation of a separate board
of control for each of the four
institutions now under the state
board of education-Central Mich-

4.

Development
Plans, Ideas
Suggestions Are Part
Of New Russell Study
Report for Legislature

Or d News Roundup
CROSBY, Minn. W) -- A huge plastic balloon expected to set a
new altitude mark blew apart after reaching 40,000 feet yesterday,
but its load of scientific equipment was recovered in good shape.
The unmanned bag, 20 stories high and with a capacity of five
million cubic feet, was launched from an open pit mine near here.
S * *
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti W) - Haiti's government said yester-
day it has completely restored peace after an attempt by ex-army
""officers and several Americans to
overthrow President Francois Du-
' ~valler.
Fourteen persons including four
Americans died in the pocket re-
t D et volt that was set off Monday
night and raged throughout Tues-
day. Seventeen persons were
"Isn't it lovely," excited patrons wounded.
* * *

NO PROVISION FOR ALASKA:
Four-Cent Stamp Outdated .

of the Ann Arbor post office ex-
claimed as they saw the new four-
cent stamp they had thronged to
buy.
These patrons crowded to the
stamp window in preparation for
the increased letter charges which
begin tomorrow. Three-cent stamp
business fell off considerably,
someone noted.
A slight elderly lady glanced at
the stamp with glee, and expressed
her approval of the motto, "Long
May it Wave," which she said
was "somehow appropriate."
An art student showed approval
of the color scheme, the scarlet,
navy and ivory. "A subtle combin-
ation," he noted.
A local merchant, however, had

WASHINGTON () - The
House Ways and Means Commit-
tee voted yesterday to raise the
public debt limit to 288 billion dol-
lars. It is now 280 billion.
The committee acted after Sec-
retary of the Treasury Anderson
testified the government may run
12 billion dollars into the red dur-
ing the fiscal year which began
July 1.
* * *
DAMASCUS, Syria -) - A
Syrian border guard and a Turk-
ish unit fought a 15-minute battle
on the frontier yesterday, a mili-
tary spokesman said.
, , , A

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