NOT CIVIL RIGHTS
'Yl r e
FAIR, PTO RAIN
See Page 2
Years of Editorial Freedom
VUIJ. LaAVJI, NO. ~SIJ~ ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 23. 1957
VOU LXVH, No. 30S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 23, 1957
Forest Fires Rage
Civil Rights Bill
vl1 Amendment To Relieve Southern
Fears of Enforced Integration
WASHINGTON (M-)-The Senate made its first change in the
civil rights bill yesterday, voting 90 to 0 for an amendment designed
to relieve Southern fears that school integration might be enforced
at bayonet point. a
While the unanimous vote removed one major Southern objection
to the legislation, other big ones remained.
The roll call cleared the way for a vote-probably today-on a
key amendment to strip the bill of all its enforcement powers except
those protecting voting rights.
Minority Leader Sen. William Knowland (R-Calif.) and Sen.
Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn.)
CAIRO (A) - President Ga
Abdel Nasser told Egypt's li
revolutionary Parliament yest
day he broke a munitions m
opoly by turning from the W
to the Communist bloc
Russian-made MIGs of t
Egyptian air force roared 1
across the skies as Nasser p
claimed a victory for Egypt in
"war of independence" agai
His three-hour speech open
the first Egyptian 'Parliame
since the latter days of the Faro
The address came on the, eve
the annual four-day celebrati
of the July 1952 revolutiona
c lp. that. sent King Fark mi
exile anid led to the Egypti
Nasser said the arms :seal
made behind the Iron Curtain w
one of his greatest revolutiona
if we were to cast a curso
glance at our debits and credits
these five years," Nasser said,
Is a certainty that our great
gain is hope."
The plain-dressed 350 memb
of Parliament cheered frequent
In Farouk's day, the membe
were largely wealthy landlor
and merchants, richly dressed a
Nasser told of plans for. esta
lishing an atomic reactor and n
He declared that despite t
withdrawal of the Western off
to help build the Aswan Da
Egypt was going to push ahe
alone in the first phase of t
Robert Aura Smith, editori
writer for The New York Time
will speak on "The Political Cris
in the Philippines," at 4:15 p.m
today in Auditorium A, Ange
Smith, seventh lecturer in th-
University summer session serie
k' Asian Cultures and the Moder
American," recently r e t u r n e
from a trip through the Far Eas
His talk will be highlighted b
observations of the trip.
Mohammed Ali, ambassadc
from Pakistan, who was schedule
to lecture tomorrow, recently can
celled his talk due to political tie
"Glimpses of the Philippines,
sixth in the series "Glimpses o
Asia," will be presepted by th
Philippine-Michigan Club at
p.m., tonight, in Rackham As
will present "Glimpses of Pakis
Pakistan Students Associatio
f xn," at 8 p.m., Wednesday, i
sponsored yesterday's change, which
--would serve to repeal an old law
authorizing the president to use
federal troops to enforce court
Sen. Knowland told the Senate
the administration had no inten-
tion of using soldiers to carry out
any court decrees which might
be issued under the bill. But he
said if the amendment would serve
to relieve the fears of southerners
in this regard it would serve a
nal useful purpose.
rst As the bill came from the House,
er- It linked its enforcement provi-
n-: sions with a Reconstruction. Era
est statute providing for the use of
for troops if recessary
the The opposition protested this
ow would allow the government not
ro only to force racial integration of
nit the schools on the South but to
use. armed force to bring about
-ed other social changes there.
ent Meanwhile, there were increass
uk ing signs the bill may be whittled
down to a measure protecting only
of voting rights.
Two senior Republicans an-
on pounced they would vote to strike
Lry the controversial Section 3 from
tothe legislatio;. -
an 'This part of the bill would em-
he power the attorney general to seek
va federal court injunctions against
tas violations in the whole field of
ry civil rights.
)ry ' Persons flouting the injunctions
in could be charged with contempt
"it of court and tried without a jury.
est Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of
Texas, the Senate's Democratic
ers leader, predicted the measure
ly. could not be passed unless it is
ers limited to voting rights.
md A. Eugene Burton will lecture
he on "Building School Orchestras
in the Medium Sized Towns," at
3 p.m.; tomorrow in Auditorium A,
Burton has been director of'
string instruction and orchestra
training in the Newton, Iowa pub-
lic schools for 18 years. He is pres-
ident of the Iowa Music Educators
Formerly graduate assistant
teacher of strings at the State
al University of Iowa, Burton 'has
s, done gratuate work at.State Uni-
is versity of Iowa and Columbia Uni-
Lake Iliamna Blaze
Breaks Out Again
ANCHORAGE, Alaska ('-
More than one million acres of
forest and muskeg (bog) are on
fire in the McGrath district of
Alaska, 200 miles northwest of
here, territorial officials said yes-
Largest blaze in the territory is
a 640,000-acre fire at Holkachuck,
400 miles northwest of Anchorage.
The fires in the McGrath dis-
trict are continuing out of con-
At Lake Iliamna, 150 miles
southwest of Anchorage, a 40,000
acre blaze, thought to have been
brought under control last week,
broke out again over the week-
The flames are being whipped
by a 40-mile-an-hour wind.
National forests of Alaska cover
a total area of more than 21 mil-
lion acres and are estimated to
contain more than 85 billion board
feet of saw timber.
About 75 per cent of Alaskan
timber is western hemlock and
20 per cent Sitka spruce. The re-
mainder is largely western red ce-
dar and Alaskan cedar.
KNOXVILLE, Tenn. (A)-A de-
fense leader in the Clinton trial
said yesterday Abraham Lincoln
se the course for .tle South0to
reuse to obey the United States
Supreme Court's 1954 edict against
segregating whites and Negroes in
the natiows public schools.
Ross Barnett of Jackson, Miss.,
a former president of the Missis-
sippi Bar Assn., made the state-
ment as both sides presented final
arguments in the 11-day-old Clin-
ton segregation trial.
Before Barnett spoke, United
States District Attorney John C,
Crawford. Jr.. urged the all-white
jury to cling to the facts and not
be swayed by emotional appeals.
The case, described by defense
lawyers as a "cause celebre" with
history-making ramifications, cen-
ters on the government's charges
that 10 residents of Clinton, Tenn.,
conspired with John Kasper, 27,
New Jersey-born segregationist]
leader, to violate a federal anti-
On trial in United States Dis-
trict Court, the defendants are ac-
cused of criminal contempt for
allegedly fomenting disorders in-
terfering with the court-ordered
integration of Clinton High School
Waving his arms and shouting,
Barnett told the jury:
"The Bible teaches us to segre-
gate. It teaches us not to mix the
seed. Just because the Supreme
Court told us to desegregate
doesn't mean we'll live to see it.
The Constitution is above the
World Court Suez Decision
WASHINGTON (R) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles said
yesterday the problem of con-
trolling atomic-hydrogen weapons
"may soon become totally unman-
ageable" unless Western countries
and Russia agree on a first-step
"As matters are going the time
will come," he said, "when the
pettiest and most irresponsible
dictator could get hold of weapons
with which to threaten immense
Dulles appealed to Russia's lead-
ers to accept the West's disarma-
ment proposals to ease the "grim
future" facing mankind.
The secretary laid down these
views in a disarmament policy
speech which was said to have
been personally "cleared and ap-
proved by President Dwight D.
Dulles' 30-minute report to the
nation, partly aimed at answering;
Soviet propaganda attacks, was
for nationwide radio-television
Dulles reaffirmed and solidly
iacked the liumited. disarmament.
proposals advanced by Harold
Stassen, chief American disarma-
ment delegate, in months of nego-
tiation with Soviet representatives
and others at London.
The secretary offered no new;
concessions in his speech but ex-
pressed guarded optimism over
prospect of East-West agreement,
saying the Soviet delegation "has
been talking with somewhat more
realism and less bombast."
Dulles' main aim seemed to be
to jog Russia into some conces-
sions which might make a limited,
disarmament agreement possible.-
"The whole world faces a grim1
future if war threat is not brought
under some international control,"<
Superior' Tag Stirs Controversy
By ERNEST ZAPLITNY-
Accelerated reading classes are a
new trend in high schools which
has been felt only "within the past
four or five years" Alma Fleming
of Denby High School, Detroit, re-
ported in a panel discussion here
Mrs. Fleming was joined by
Jean Reynolds of Ann Arbor High'
School and John E. Graves of
Detroit's Northeastern High School
on "Literature for the Superior
Student," fifth in the Conference
Series for English Teachers. Prof.
Robert C. Angell of the Sociology
deparmtent was chairman.
"As teachers we can't assume
that all superior students neces-
sarily possess good reading skills,"'
Mrs. Fleming advised.
She listed abilities to distinguish
the unimportant in a selection;
to judge validity of the author's
arguments; and to think from the
author's point of view as objectives
of the accelerated reading class in
The class is made up mostly of
invited students who have demon-
strated reading ability during
their first two years of high school.
It is in addition to the regular
curriculum and is open to students
not ordinarily regarded as "su-
Class material is drawn largely
from magazines of recognized
quality supplemented by mimeo-
graphed material supplied by the
Disagreement on the criterion of
a "superior" student developed
between the other two panel mem-
Miss Reynolds cited a group test
proving above average intelligence
and a reading test indicating rapid
reading ability as generally ade-
quate in the determination.
She classed as superior a student
who had an I.Q. of 130 or more
and whose reading speed was equal
to that of a college sophomore.
She urged a selective reading
course including biographies, dra-
ma and poetry "small 'enough so
ENGLISH PANEL-John E. Graves, Jean Reynolds, Prof. Robert
C. Angell and Alma Fleming (1-r) discuss "Literature for the
that the student can add to it."
She advised against an attempt
to cover the chronological span of
Graves cited what he termed the
"critical faculty" as separating the
superior s t u d e n t from those
-"merely literate or ambitious."
LONDON (A') - Britain agreed
last night to help the Sultan of
Muscat and Oman crush a revolt
in the oil-rich Persian Gulf area.
The government made the deci-
sion in the face of warnings from
Laborites that Britain may be
heading into another crisis in the
Middle East and another conflict
of interests with the United States.
Foreign Secretary Selwyn/Lloyd
accused "outside" forces of stirring
up the revolt against the Sultan
and defended Britain's right to
answer a friend's call for assist-
ance-with troops if necessary.
Lloyd told the House of Com-
mons 4"small-scale precautionary
movements of our forces have
already taken place" - but "no
British troops are, as far as I am
aware, at the moment on Muscat
British commanders in the
Arabian Penisula were consulting
with the Sultan on the best way
to help him, Lloyd said, and "have
been given discretion within cer-
tain limits to take military action."
Four of the Royal Air Force's
biggest troop-carrying planes were
rushed to the Middle East yester-
The Air Ministry said the trans-
ports would "undertake whatever
airlift may be required." Two were
sent to the Arabian Peninsula and
two to Nairobi, in Keya, East
He said such students are recog-
nizable by skepticism "with a touch
of cynicism." Many are "embit-
tered, impaient, disgusted," he
"The superior student needs
desperately to understand the
weakness and foibles of man, and
yet-love him," Graves stressed, and
counselled teachers to give guid-
ance in what he called the "hu-
The standard anthologies are
sufficient literature for all stu-
dents, he said.
He was opposed to separating
the superior students, claiming
they would read more without
In reply to a question from the
chairman, Graves named "res-
p6nse" and advised no more than
a vocabulary test "as a measure of
alertness' to identify superior stu-
LONG BEACH, Calif. OP) - It
will take more than a pair of big
blue eyes and a symmetrical form
to enter next year's Miss Universe
It will also take a birth certi-
ficate -and other personal records.
Pageant officials disclosed yes-
terday they are definitely plan-
ning to tighten entrance require-
ments in an effort to avoid the
embarrassing developments that.
followed selectipn of Miss U.S.A.
and Miss Universe at the pageant.
The judge's choice for Miss
U.S.A. turned out to be married-
twice - and Miss Universe turned
out to be only 17, whereas contest
rules require all entrants to be
unmarried and 18.
Although the married Miss
U.S.A., Mrs. Leona Gage Ennis of
Maryland, was disqualified, off i-
cials let Gladys Zender, the young
senorita from Peru, keep her Miss3
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. ()-
The United Nations announced
yesterday that Egypt has accepted
jurisdiction of the International
Court of Justice in disputes aris-
ing out of the operation of the.
Mahmoud Fawzi; foreign minis-
ter of Egypt, told Secretary Gen-
eral Dag Hammarskjold of his
government's 'decision in a com-
munication dated July 18.
The United Nations said the
Egyptian decision will be trans-
mitted to the international court
at the Hague.
Egypt's action removed one ma-
jor obstacle to agreement on op-
eration of the canal.
It means that Egypt has con-
sented to go before the world
court, in case a dispute arises Qver
the canal, on the condition that
the other parties in the dispute
also recognize the court's Juris-
Fawzi said th% court waecog-
nized by Egypt "in all legal dis-
putes that may arise under" an
Egyptian declaration of April 24.
The declaration said the canal
would be kept open in accord with
the convention of Constantinople
of 188 and would be operated by
and Egyptian authority.
The convention makes the canal
an international waterway open to
shipping of all nations.
The April 24 declaration also
said steps would be taken for re-
ferring disputes to the interna-
tional court. Fawzi's communica-
Lion was the next step.
The court at the Hague operates
by mutual consent of nations in-
volved in casees.
Even though a nation might
agree to court jurisdiction, it is
not bound by a decision and there
is no power to enforce rulings.
Nations may accept an entire
ruling or take exceptions to parts
Egyptian authorities yesterday
allowed a Danish freighter to en-
ter the Suez Canal with cargo for
Israel but arrested a sailor on the
They identified the sailor as
Rafi Eilon, an Israeli, and said he
had boarded the Birgitte Toft at
the Israeli port of Eilat, on the
Aqaba Gulf, to replace a regular
crewman who was stricken ill.
Stanley Quartet will present the
second in a series of three sum-
mer concerts at 8:30 p.m., tonight,
in Rackham Lecture Hall.
Members of the quartet are Gil-
bert Ross, violin; Emil Raab, vio-
lin; Robert Courte, viola; and
Robert Swenson, cello.
The program will include
Haydn's "Quartet in E-fat ma-
jor," Op. 33, No. 2, Stravinsky's
Bartok's. "Five Pieces from the
"Three Pieces for String Quartet,
M i d r o k o s m o s," and Brahms'
"Quartet in B-flat major," Op.'67.
'Desperate Hours' Open
Wood Block Printing
By CARL JORDAN
Hodaka Yoshida explained three major steps involved in the Japa-
nese art of making wood block prints last night in Rackham, and
showed several samples of the results.
Yoshida is the son of Hiro'shi Yoshida, outstanding promoter of
the ancient art. Hodaka was accompanied at the lecture by his wife
>dressed in traditional costume and
" mother, now a widow.
tS T onight In the wood block process, a de-
sign is carved in wood, water color
is applied and paper is rubbed onto
The first step is drawing the de-
sign and pasting it on the wood
block. It is rubbed and the im-
pression is transferred.
Then the carving begins with
specialized chisel like tools. In the
old traditional method, cherry
wood is used, and it often took
three weeks to make the cutting.
The final step is the printing
which is just as e'xacting as draw-
ing and carving.
Water color is spread on the
block with brushes especially made
from a horsetail, and softened by
rubbing on sharkskin. The paper
is then placed on top of the block
and rubbed either with the hand
or a special tool made of fibre
which Yoshida said is stronger
JOE WILLIAMS, TOO:
Basie Swing Session
Slated for Tomorrow
Count Basie, his orchestra, and
vocalist Joe Williams are set to
perform in Hill Auditorium to-
The 8 p.m. concert will be in the
Basie tradition - lots of swing,
a bit of blues, the usual ivory
tikin ~n g wth ,n p Willmc
. :::r:: "..
...... . >; " r.