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July 09, 1957 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1957-07-09

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"Thar She Blows"

Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNvTEsrrSY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD -IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBcrONs
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MIcH. * Phone NO 2-3241

-When opmiar~ya At Pr
TM ~ bWW rem

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, JULY 9, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM

Civil Rights Issue
Lacks Real Understanding

THE SENATE this week takes up floor action Rights Bill under consideration in the Senate
in its own legislative way on the Civil now is that it attempts to do too much. Perhaps
Rights bill - and the result, whatever it may it is too demanding from one side and not
be, will come only after, long and costly con- understanding enough for the other side.
sideration. Certainly there is no domestic issue more
All sorts of threats and speculations have crucial to the United States today. It is a
been made about the handling of the bill, problem that calls for deep understanding and
the least likeable but most likely of which is careful consideration. At the same time, it
a filibuster longer than any other before. There is a problem that will never be settled in the
seems little chance now for a compromise. The forseeable future - not with the deep-felt
prospect is a long, long talk. attitudes that Americans have today concern-
But this is not the usual procedure for Sen- ing the problem.
ate consideration of important matters. For
the most part, the forces on both sides of an VET THE Civil Rights issue is one that will
important issue are able to get together and be worked out. It will take time, but there
effect a workable plan for compromise - or can be no doubt that the nation will eventu-
defeat - on the particular issue. Senators can ally come to a mature, broad understanding
ordinarily "work things out" to some sort of in the matter.
mutual satisfaction for all persons involved. For the lawmakers to attempt to hasten this
Yet this is by no means an objectionable way understanding too greatly would be dangerous.
of lawmaking - partly because it is done so There is always the possibility of great dis-
much and to such good effect, and partly be- harmony within the nation that must be
cause the end result is the same as if the mat- avoided, even at the cost of one side's toler-
ter had been considered formally on the floor ating undemocratic practices within the oth-
of Congress and worked out there. e'r's stronghold.
0CCASIONALLY there is the exception - But the lawmakers should be working, be-
like the Civil Rights bill. There comes the hind the scenes, to effect compromises and
issue so ingrained, so incensed and implanted temporary pieces of legislation that will both
in the minds of lawmakers that these men gain ground and gain it slowly enough to keep
are unable even to see the, issue in an under- both sides friendly to the other.
standing light. -VERNON NAHRGANG
Perhaps the very trouble with the Civil Editor
ImportanCe of Specialization

THERE IS a trend away from specialization
in education which should be a matter of
concern to schools and colleges, particularly
to educators who must decide what is requisite
in specific fields.
Responsible persons are increasingly vocal
in the theme "broader education", 'for what is
variously described under the heading of "gen-
eral awareness".
Recently an official of the federal Office
of Education, speaking on this campus, said a
"glaring weakness" of American education is
its failure to prepare youth for understanding
of global problems. Educational institutions
should adopt a new curriculum, he advises, "to
include information about the whole of the
world and its people."
Such a curriculum would be a staggering
one. of course, there can be no quarrel that
the need for broader education always con-
fronts us.
But there is peril in approaching the mat-
ter through the individual student - and we
assume this is what the speaker intends since
most college curriculums are reasonably com-
plete in "information about the whole of the
world."
FIRST, THERE is a danger of planting a
vogue among impressionable youth. There
is excitement and glamor in pondering world
problems. In an atmosphere of disparagement
against specialization, students will be prone
to scorn the pick-and-shovel courses requir-
ing disciplined thought in favor of more dra-
matic subjects with "intellectual" flavor. It
would not be unreasonable to say that much
of this is already in evidence.
The more insidious danger is that educators
will succumb to the influence and in fact re-
vamp curriculums to the satisfaction of anti-
specilizationists.
Convinced that specialists are degenerating
into protoplasmic robots, deans may insist that
budding mathematicians, physicists and engi-
neers be inoculated with the whole battery of
social science serums.

Conversely, physical science departments
may be required to include popularly-oriented
capsule-type courses to "broaden" the literary
arts student's "experience" - in an age, it
might be added, when science teacher vacan-
cies are the 'glaring weakness'.
IT SHOULD be kept in mind too that school-
ing is only preparatory. "The great end of
life is not knowledge but action," Thomas
Huxley reflected. The student should seek to
contribute, and he can do so only by becoming
thoroughly knowledgeable and, more import-
ant, responsive in a single field.
Understanding, we are sure, will precipitate
when one begins to use his school-wrought
tools in society. The comprehension, the
"awareness", will not be dramatic. Rather, with
tangible contributions, with action, should
come degrees of humility - the real denomina-
tor of global brotherhood.
The efficacy of specialization to the exclu-
sion of so-called global awareness is illustrated
by two notable contributors to our society's
welfare.
We would all be in worse circumstances had
Einstein dissipated his incomparable mind on
international crises, or had Alexander Fleming
not spent all his waking hours among his anti-
biotic molds. Yet as citizens of the world, per-
haps none qualify better.
IN THE APPLICATION of "broadening" we
should be guided by some highly probable
effects on teacher training, always a favorite
target for innovation. Course standards would
slip-with broadening comes leveling. Perfunc-
tory response would be accorded to required
subjects. That successive generations of teach-
ers fall short of proficiency because of diffu-
sion of effort is an uncomfortable prospect.
We would like to see not only constant vigi-
lance against misguided diletantism, but pub-
lic defense of specialization in answer to its
active discreditors.
--ERNEST ZAPLITNY

Today
fy and
Tomorrow
By WALTER LIPPMANN
MARSHAL TITO, it turned out,
has more than enough to do
without being drawn into the dis-
cussion, which was started by
Khrushchev, about socialism and
American grandchildren,
This may have been mere dis-
cretion but I rather suspect that
Tito has learned from his own
varied experience that long-range
predictions about the future of a
social system are almost certain to
express little more than the
prophet's hopes or fears.
Although Marxists like to think
that they possess the secrets of
history, no Marxist foresaw, or
could have foreseen, what now
goes by the name of socialism in
Yugoslavia.
The only thing we know for
certain is that in the twentieth
century, there is a rapid and un-
predictable evolution in every
society, except perhaps in the most
primitive and isolated. Khrush-
chev does not know, he cannot
know, what will develop in Russia
in ten years, much less in America
in thirty years.
*s * *
THE COMMUNIST world from
China to Yugoslavia and Poland,
including Russia itself, is not pro-
ceeding according to some grand
plan, revealed by Marx and Lenin,
which leads to a common end; the
various Communist regimes are
feeling their way, seeking reme-
dies and solutions for their tacti-
cal difficulties, and they are ra-
tionalizing the absence of a grand
and universal principle by saying
that there are many roads to
socialism.
As they take these many and
differing roads, they will become
many and differing societies.
If no one knows what socialism
will be like in two generations,
neither does anyone know what
the American economy will be like,
But we can be sure that while
our grandchildren will experience
great changes in the American
economy, these changes will npt
be a reaction to and a recapitul~a-
tion of the Russian and Chinese
experience.
Communism may represent a
future to a primitive country like
China. But for America, Commun-
ism is irrelevant, having nothing
to do with our highly advanced
and complex economy.
> a *
THE AMERICAN social order
has changed greatly in this cen-
tury, so greatly that terms like
capitalism and free enterprise and
competition, which come down to
us from the nineteenth century, no
longer describe our economy intel-
ligibly.
There have been the wars, and
the rise of the United States as a
world power with a great military
establishment. There has been the
fabulous, indeed explosive, in-
crease of the American population.
There has been not only the
deep and wide technological de-
velopment, but, with the organi-
zation of scientific research, a
indically new pace in the applica-
tion of science.
There has been also, so at least
it seems to me, a non-violent but
nevertheless revolutionary change
in the inner principle of our own
social economy.h.
This is the new principle, which
gces by the prosaic name o "full
employment"-the imperative that
the government must use the fiscal
and other powers of the state $o
keep the demand for labor at least

equal to the supply.
Until the present generation
this principle was unknown to,
much less was it the policy of, the
United States or any other capital-
ist nation. Its adoption marks a
profound change.
It would not in my view be an
exaggeration to say that it has
brought about a revolution in the
West which has made the Comn-
muAst revolutionary propaganda
irrelevant and antiquated.
For when the government is
committed to the maintenance of
full employment, the bargaining
power of labor is underwritten.
This means a decisive change in
the balance of forces within our
society.
THE NEW principle of full em-
ployment was formulated during
the great depression between the
two world wars. Its technique is
based on the discovery during the
first world war that a government
can promote production, regard-
less of the gold supply, by man-
aging credit and the currency.
The impulse to apply the tech-
nique of war finance to the peace-
time economy came from the huge
unemployment and the vast misery
of the great depression.
The commitment to the new
policy comes from the voters who,
having learned that unemploy-
ment can be prevented, will not
tolerate any government which
does not prevent it.

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AT THE STATE:
Pastoral Interlude
ONCE UPON A TIME, in the dismal Louisiana swamp, there lived a
simple girl named Tammy, her goat, and her aged grandfather.
Every morning, a make-up man would arrive, spray an obtrusive
coat of paint on Tammy's face. Every noon, a nurse would drop in to
spray her goat with chlorophyll. Then, the script girl would check the
scene, and Tammy would talk. This was very pleasant.
One day, this elemental setting was interrupted by the crash of
a light plane into the swamp containing a real live man. Tammy and

Grandfather rowed out to see
what had happened and found
this Man floating on an old log.
So they drug him back to the
houseboat and healed him up.
After five days of relative un-
consciousness, Man awoke clean
shaven and healthy. Then he left.
Tammy was broken-hearted.
* * *
SOON AFTER, Grandfather
was locked up for brewing rotgut
on the sly and Tammy went off
to stay at Man's house where
Grandfather said they would take
care of her.
To her astonishment, she found
that Man was a titled and wealthy
Southern Gentleman, with a big
house, cook, mother, father, and
aunt. But the big house was in
danger of falling into ruin because
the tomatoes wouldn't grow.
A dismal depression had settled
everywhere because none of these
people had any Courage. Tammy
straightened them all out, after a
time.
Father, a bookworm, was
brought out of his shell. Mother, a
shrew, was tamed. Aunt, a lousy
frustrated artist, became a lousy
non-frustrated artist.
And all the other decadent
southerners were put in their
places. Then She and He were To-

-N
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No-l
- Yl M
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4

gether in the swamp just as
Grandfather got sprung.
The charming fairy tale above
is a boiled-down version of "Tam-
my and the Bachelor", currently
showing at that CinemaScope
place. Debbie Reynolds is Tammy,
and she sings too. Leslie Nielson
is the Fellow, Grandfather is Wal-
ter Brennan.
All the southern accents are
curious if unrelated, especially
Brennan's which is a southern
accent from Swampscott, Mass.
* * *
THE ESSENTIAL charm of this
film would be lost if too close at-
tention is given to occasional
flaws of which there are many.
Aside from a maudlin streak, it
holds together if you can some-
how believe that this untrained
girl from the swamp is a combina-
tion psychologist, goat-milker,
farmer, seer, and soprano. The
much publicized title song is ap-
propriate enough, lending an un-
real tinge to the film.
Everything considered, "Tammy
and the Bachelor" is a colorful
pastoral interlude full of stock
characters with stock philosophies
which will entertain an uninhib-
ited audience.
-David Kessel

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official pubication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notice for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 pm. Friday.
TUESDAY, JULY 9, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 10
General Notices
Ushers are urgently needed for two
events to be given in Hill Auditor-
ium: the Indian Dance Recital by
Bhaskar and Sasha Fri., July 19, and
the Count BasieShow on Wed., July
24. Any regular season ushers who are
on campus this summer are urgently
requested to help with these two
events. Any other persons enrolled
in summer School may usher if they
so desire. Please come to the Box Of-
fice in Hill Auditorium on Tues.,
July 9, Wed, July 10 or Thurs., July
11th, from 4:30 to 6:00 p.m. to sign
up for these two events.
Lectures
Eighth Summer Biological Sympo-
posium, auspices of the Division of Bio-
logical Sciences. All sessions in Audi-
torium C, Angell Hall. Tues., July 9.
Afternoon session. 'Endocrines and the
Evolution of Viviparity in Vertebrate
Animals," Frederick L. Hisaw, Fisher
Professor of Natural History and Pro-
fessor of Biology iBological Labora-
tories, Harvard University; "General
Features and Functions of Plant
Growth Substances," Folke K. Skoog,
Professor of Botany, University of Wis-
consin; Discussion led by Paul A.
Wright, Associate Professor of Zoology.
3:30 p.m. Evening session. "Endocrine
Regulation of Body Growth," Roy 0.
Greep, Professor and Dean of the
School of Dental Medicine, Harvard
University; "The Roleof Hormones in
the Growth of Insects," Dietrich Bod-
enstein, Medical Laboratories, Army
Chemical Center, Maryland; Discussion
led by John M. Allen, Assistant Profes-
sor of Zology, 7:30 p.m.
Speech Assembly, auspices of the De-
partment of Speech, at 3 p.m. today
in the Rackham Amphtheatre. Prof.
Garnet R. Garrison of tie Department
of Speech and Director of Television
will speak on "Television in the Mod-
ern World."
Asian cultures and the Modern Amer-
ican: "India - Problems, Plans and
Prospects." G. L. Mehta, Ambassador
from India. 4:15 p.m., Tues., July 9,
Hill Audtorium.
Plays
Moliere's The School for Wives, sec-
ond play on the Department of Speech
Summer Playbill, will be presented at
8 p.m. tonight in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre.
Concerts
Faculty Recital: The stanley Quar-
tet will present the first in a series
of three concerts this summer on Tues.,
July 9, at 8:30 p.m. in Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. The members of the Quar-
tet are: Gilbert Ross and Emil Raab,
violins, Robert Courte, viola, and Rob-
ert Swenson, cello.
The program includes: "Quartet in
B-flat major. Op. 64, No. 3", Haydn;
"Five Movements for String Quartet,
Op. 5 (1922)," Webern; and "Quartet in
C minor, Op. 51, No. 1" Brahms. Open
to the public without charge.
Student Recital: John H. Bauer will
present a recital as partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Master of Music (Wind Instruments),
on Wed., July 10, at 8:30 p.m., in Aud.
A, Angell Hall. He will be assisted by
Barbara Barclay, piano and harpsi-
chord. Open to the public.

Washington
Merry-
; Go-
Round
By DREW PE4ESON
WASHINGTON - While U.S.
Steel was touching off a chain
reaction of inflation which will hit
everything from bobby pins to
automobiles, it was simultaneously
pulling wires for a 40-foot chanel
in the Upper Delaware River so
bigger ore ships can reach its
giant fairless works at Morrisville,
Pa.
Deepening the channel will cost
the taxpayers an estimated $91,-
738,000-a free gift to U.S. Steel
because it is the only company
planning to use super ore carriers
on the Upper Delaware. This cost-
ly project, benefiting one private
company, was quietly pushed
through the House Appropriations
committee vby Chairman Clarence
Cannon (D-Mo.),
Property owners along the Dela-
ware claim a deeper channel wilI
increase the flood menace. They
point out that the last damaging
flood in August, 1955, was caused
by hurricane-driven water forced
up the Delaware,
A 40-foot channel would permit
more flood water to be driven up
the river. If the taxpayers have
$91,738,000 to spare, they say, it
should be spent on flood control
for the benefit of all the property
owners.
THE WHITE HOUSE is in-
censed over the way U.. Steel
thumbed its nose at President
Eisenhower by hiking the price of
steel one day after his appeal
against inflation.
It remains to be seen, however,
whether the White House will op-
pose spending $91,738,000 to dredge
a private, dead-end passageway
up the Delaware River for the
same U.S. Steel.
Observers note that in the past
Ike has frequently rewarded his
opponents in the field of big busi-
ness; even appointed Ben Fairless,
a backstage power in U.S. Steel, to
a high advisory post in his admin-
istration,
LAST WEEK'S crucial Kremlin
crisis caught the state department
completely unprepared.
It's star ambassador, Chip Boh-
len, had been transferred to the
Philippines through pure whim,
and the new ambassador, Llewel-
lyn Thompson, was still "winding
up affairs" in Austria. Ike was
golfing at Gettysburg. The secre-
tary of state was vacationing at
duck island.
The new American counselor,
Richard Davis, had arrived in
Moscow only a few weeks before.
He's a good man, but was in no
position to begin reporting on the
most difficult and secret govern-
ment operations in the world.
Because of his low rank, Khru-
shchev and Bulganin did not come
to the July 4 reception at the
American embassy, as would have
been the case if an American am-
bassador were in charge.
it is at these receptions that,
some of the best leaks occur in
Moscow.
Note-Ambassador Bohlen was
transferred from Russia to the
Philippines not because he wanted
it but on the order of John Foster
Dulles. Bohlen is one of the few
career diplomats who speaks Rus-
sian fluently,
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
SUMMER WORK:

Russian
Farming
By THOMAS P. WHITNEY
AP Foreign News Analyst
IN THE Soviet Union 300,000
young people are packing their
bags and boarding trains for cen-
tral Asia and central Siberia to
help get in the harvest.
They'll return in the fall to
their schools or jobs-but not un-
til the grain has been reaped and
delivered to government procure-
ment statlons from millions of
acresof new lands put to the plow
under Nikita Khrushchev's virgin
lands schere.
The mobilization from European
Russia is becoming an annual
event. Success of the eastern har-
vest depends on it in large degree.
The y'uths, drafted thrcugh the
Communist party and particularly
the Young Communist League, are
called volunteers.
Most of them actually have little
choice about going. The party tells
the Young Communist League to
deliver 300,000-and they're de-
livered.
A lot of them may enjoy it. The
work is hard and continuous, but
it's in the fresh air and only for
the summer.
'T', 4.nt m, 4.1, a,vni mer nannia

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AT THE CAMPUS:
'Moulin tRouge,' Cogntac
JOSE FERRER and a cognac bottle share equal billing at the Campus
Theater this week. Animate hero and inanimate villain respectively,
they unfold together the life of Henri de Toulouse Lautrec in this
presentation of "Moulin Rouge."
Based on the novel of the same name by Pierre LaMure, "Moulin
Rouge" is the biography of 'Toulouse-Lautrec, artist and lover. His
earlier life is pictured briefly, and only to point up his physical
deformitory: legs that are half their normal size. This was a result of a
fall down stairs, after which the bones did not knit properly. As a result,

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
European Cooperation

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
VVER SINCE the end of World War II France
and West Germany, those long-time ene-
mies, have been leading Western Europe to-
ward greater unity.
In spite of their own postwar reconstruction
problems, in 10 years of constant effort they
have laid the foundation for a type of cooper-
ation :which then appeared next to impossible.
On Friday the West German Parliament, as
it has done every time the chips were down
during the regime of Chancellor Adenauer, ap-
proved another step toward unity - Euro-
market, a common market for 175 million con-
sumers, and Euratom, a cooperative for mutual
development of atomic energy for peaceful
uses.
Editorial Staff
VERNON N ?ARRO~fANGU. REditor

Tuesday the French Parliament is expected
to do the same, to the cheers of the Benelux
countries which will join before next year.
Most significant feature of the plans lies in
the fact that the European Coal and Steel
Community, established six years ago, has
worked so well the nations are willing to extend
its system into the other fields.
A control authority, something in the nature
of a non nationalistic parliament, will admin-
ister all three organizations.
That means the pooling of the economies of
Italy, France, Germany, Belgium, Holland and
Luxembourg under a control group whose re-
sponsibility is to the community rather than
to the nations which appoint or elect its mem-
bers.
In arriving at the new organization, France
and Germany have each made two great con-
cessions over the years, not to mention their
compromises over Western European Union, a
separate military organization.
France yielded her political control of the
Saar in order to create a climate in which the

his personality, too, is warped, and
his cognac serves as a release
from his feelings of physical in-
feriority.
The two girls he loves, one a
product of the Paris gutters, the
other a lonely, more refined model,
both miss Toulouse-Latrec the
man, the first because she never
cared to look and the second be-
cause although she loved him and
understood him, she needed a kind
of security he could not provide.
JOSE FERRER is unnecessarily
stilted in his portrayal of Tou-
louse-Lautrec; the rest of the act-
ing only fair. Zsa Zsa Gabor is
particularly well-suited to the role
she plays, that of the singer at
the "Moulin Rouge." Collette Mar-
chand and Suzanne Flon play the
two loves of his life; the first one
quite badly and the second most
competently.
The high point of the picture is

man whose height is less than five
feet. One even wonders about this
when one should be following the
plot.
*' * *
THIS PLOT is extremely thin;
it says nothingsthat hasn't been
said before in many more different
and novel ways than this.
The same old presentation runs
something like this: Great artist--
a disability-disappointed in love
- becomes bitter and cynical -
turns to drink-falls down stairs
while drunk-end of artist.
The photography is very good;
the authenticity of the period is
captured exceedingly well. The
character parts are captured quite
convincingly to add to the flavor
of the 1890's and 1900's.
*i * *
FOR THOSE interested in some
very beautiful prints of Toulouse-

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