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June 26, 1957 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1957-06-26

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Laboratory Works with Skulls, Scraps,


Will Lead

George Kerman Predicts
Soviet Decentralization



Vegetable scraps, mammoth
tusks, and human skulls are ev-
eryday items at the University's
Phoenix Radiocarbon Dating Lab-
If you're'an archeologist and
you happen to have a few thous-
and bits of charcoal from a Pa-
cific island, that's where you send
Week in, week out, relics from
man's ancient past flow through
the laboratory. There they are
In a narrow room, the staff
members determine ages of or-
ganic samples as much as 30,000
years old by traces of natural ra-
dioactivity they contain.
Samples Arrive Almost Daily
The Phoenix Dating Laboratory
is considered one of the most
reliable and productive of the
seven dating laboratories in the
United States. This is borne by,
the arrival of almist daily, care-
fully-packaged samples.
Those vegetable scraps? Dug
up in a Mexican cave and dated
at being 8,200 years old, they are
thought to be the first evidence of
man as a farmer.
Thor Heyerdahl, author of "Kon
Tiki," dug up the Pacific island
Fragments of a 25,000-year-old
mammoth tusk were found in New
Mexico and with them evidences
of human life.
The human skulls are from a
recently discovered "Haunted
Lake" in the Himalayas.
Lab Established in 1950
The dating laboratory, estab-
lished in 1950 by the University's
Memorial-Phoenix Project on the
peaceful uses of atomic energy,


ldd blcks.Incide hecnde, Convention
n G .er count r dCetects the 1-
dation gixen off ov r a plc d Of Nine Uniesity staff members.,
Fom a modrn piece of wood. representing the medical school,
for example. a count will be School of Public Health, and tUni-
(i"ht per minu' over the natural versity Hospital are preparing to
r. diation: a 20,000-year-old a ,ke atmjor part In the Fourth,
ii> will give off less than one :nternatioial Poliomyelitis Con-
.or'count per minute than the re.s next month in Geneva.
umplaSlr erededuiedn Dr, James L. Wilson, chairman
-re, re R e re-of the medical school's Depart-;
B4rment of Pediatrics, a branch of
Cdthe amples to carbon black medical science dealing w i t h
fo n rrf. Crne fopnrc sthin diseases and hygene of children.
will lead a discussion on "Clinical
inreased rad>activ dus or Diagnosis and Evaluation of Res-
Sfal-ou t" at atomic o piratory Problems in Patients With
tests contaminated the Camples Acute Poliomyelitis."
ani forced him to suspend opera- .Dr. Wilson is a member of the
lions for weeks at a time. S he medical advisory board of the Con-
devised a method of using a gress. He will also lead a discus-
aaseous sample in a closed sys- sion on the "Techniques for Pro-
temt, a procedure tma r has also ducing Artificial Respiration." Dr.
been adopted by almost all other Wilson assisted the inventor of the
dating laboratories iron lung 30 years ago.
"Thu eliminated the trouble Chairman of the Department of
from atoiai bombs." lie notes, Epidemiology. School of Public
..ut of course there remained the Health, Dr. Thoman Francis Jr.
background (natural radiation) will speak on "Viral Inhibition,"
from cosmic rav,. which must he and lead the discussion on vac-1
compensated for." cination against poliomyelitis.
Among the most exciting relics University Hospital's Social Ser-
dated so far are the Mexican vice Department assistant director,
egetable scraps and the tusk Miss Ruth Locher, will be honored
fNavments from Sandia Cave in as the first medical social worker
New Mexico. to deliver a paper at the Congress.,
The scraps were found by an- She will emphasize the part the
cheologists from Canada's Na- family and community in the re-
tional Museum. and are the earls- habilitation of a patient.
est indication that man domesti- --
cated crops. They include a lima
,1. :, nni c^za h d hr t3 I

C'ontinued from e )
steadfastness mie lea to in-.
creased strins on the Sovet so
tem "which must eventually uni
their outlet in either hle brek-up
or the radual mellowing of Sov:c t
powter ."
Current Soviet p< hJe. Kennan
told The Daily. r,:; tesents v y
much a mellowing of tlle Soviet
Less Amorphous
He does not. however, rega-d
Khrushchev's new economic pro-
gram-an attempt to cecentrali c
some economic control - as <I
major part of that mellowing. It,
will leave Soviet society less of an
"amorphous mass." he said, but its
importance can be overestima ted:
Wayne State
Hikes Tuition"
The Wayne State University
board of governors last week ap-
proved an increase of about 25 per
cent in tuition and other student
The increase will be effective
with the 1957 fall term.
The new tuition structure calls
for Michigan residents to pay $138
for an 18-hour schedule compared
to the present rate of $110.

"TheY are trying to decentralize
a ltie but only at the govern-
mental, not the party level. The
party still con'rois personnel and
pOlic,. and that s four-fifths of
The new program reprf sents an
attempt "to take advantage of our
decentralizecd form of business ad-
ministration. together with tight
central control over personnel."
The succession to Stalin's power.
which Kennan in 1947 had antici-
pated might be highly disruptive,
now appears to have been stabil-
Khrushchev's ascendancy, Ken-
nan suggested, was not dictated by
Stalin but was a clarification
arrived at at the time of Stalin's
death. It was the result of things
that Stalin had not planned."
And the committee system which
Khrushchev now leads "can go on
for a long time. But it is poten-
tially unstable and can be upset
by a number of things." an at-
tempt by one individual "to steal
th' show," for example, or a fac-
tion of the leadership trying to
"split the loyalties of the army
and the police.''
While such disruptions of the
current even keel of Kremlin con-
trol are possiblie, Kennan said.
"no one can p edict if they will

-Photo Caurws: Uners New berice
DATING IS THEIR BUSINESS-Prof. H. R. Crane of the University's Radiocarbon Dating Labora-
tory looks on as chemist Patricia Dahlstrom stirs a solution made up of dissolved bones found on
the shores of desolate "Haunted Lake" in India. This is one of the first steps in determinin; at age
of bones by the traces of natural radioactivity they contain. The lab dates about six archeological
samples each week.d

has fixed the ages of about 400
Prof. H. R. Crane, of the phys-
ics department, who designed the
laboratory's equipment and super-
vises its operation, says the labI
is now at full working capacity,!
dating half a dozen samples a
week. But, the lab has a backlog
of 200 to 300 samples to date.
"We have two machines run-
ning 24 hours a day, and it is all
we can do to keep one jump ahead

of the incoming material," Prof.
Crane says.

a.r<iall c abso:bed by all lixiug
ii igs'ro- Maue

How are these samples dated Afar a to nald .
and how accurate is the method? 7ovei. . eaes to take in car-
Prof. Crane explains it this wav: bon-14, ad thai. present begins
Since history began, the earth to dimin very sloxlv. By mea-
has been constantly showered by suring the amoun of carbon-14
flying particles called cosmic ra s. le in a sample. Prof Ciane and
Some of these strike nitrogen at- his associates c;) tell how long
oms in the earth's atmosphere, ago i. livct
creating a radioactive material This can be dlone with samples
called carbon-14, which is then up to about :o.o00 years old, but;
.g ...,..i...i ...s : t he level vi aiiU :' aity is so;
low in the a that it

n pIU. .jUa I .anc t T110e1 r CI
of a gourd. Aparently they were
arbaac thrown away by In-
!ians 4ti0 years before the pyra-
mids were built, Botanists have
been able to prove through the
genetic make-up of the vegetables
that they were domesticated, not

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<: f:':

(Continued from

Poe 2)

Requests for approval must be sub-
mitted to that office no later than
noon of the Tuesday before the event
is scheduled. A list of approved social
events will be published in the Daily
Official Bulletin on Thursday of each
Exchangerand Guest Dinners may be
held in organized student residences
(operating a dining room) between
5:30 p.m.-8:00 p.m. for weekday dinners
and between 1:00 p.m.-3:00 p.m. for
Sunday dinners. These events must be
announced to the Office of Student Af-
fairs at least one day in advance of the
scheduledrdate. Guest chaperons are
not required.
Calling Hours for Women in Men's
Residences. In University Men's Resi-
dence Halls, daily between 3:00 p.m.-
10:30 p.m.; Nelson International House,
Friday, 8:00 p.m.-12:00 p.m.; Saturday
2:30 p.m.-5:30 p.m. and from 8:00 p.m.-
12:00 p.m.; Sunday, 1:00 p.m.-10:30 p.m.
This privilege applies only to casual
calls and not to planned parties.
Women callers in men's residences
are restricted to the main floor of the
Student Organizations planning to
be active during the summer session
must register in the' Office of Student
Affairs not later than June 28. Forms
for registration are available in the Of-
fice of Student Affairs, 2011 Student
Activities Building.
Use of the Student Organizations
Column in the Michigan Daily for an-
nouncement of meetings and use of
meeting room in University buildings
will be restricted to officially recog-
nized and registered student organiza-
Use' of the Student Organizations
Column in the Michigan Daily for an-
nouncement of meetings and use of
meeting room in University buildings
will be restricted to officially recog-
nized and registered student organiza-
tions.t Student Organizations planning
to be active during the summer session
must register in the Office of Student
Affairs (2011 SAB) not later than June
* * *,
Deutscher Verein. Organizational meet-
ing. Thursday, June 27, 7:30, Rm. 3-S
Union. Newsreels and movies on Ger-
man architecture and painting will be
* * *
Pi Lambda Theta. Picnic, July 1.
Meet 6:00 p.m. at Rackham Building.
Members from all chapters invited.
La Sociedad Hispanica of the Depart-
ment of Romance Languages will hold
its first summer meeting on Thursday,
June 27, at 7:30 p.m., in the East Con-
ference room, Rackham Bldg. The
speaker will be Dr. Robert Lado, Di-
rector of the English Language In-
stitute of the University, who will
speak in Spanish on "Malentendidos
internacionales". All those interested
are invited.

For procedures and regulations relat-
ing to student organizations, officers
are referred to University Regulations
Concerning Student Affairs, Conduct
and Discipiine. Copies are available in
the Office of Student Affairs.
Advanced Placement English Confer-
ence: The first session of the Confer-
ence on Advanced Placement English
will be held in the Rackham Lecture
Haill at 8:15 p.m.. Thurs., June 27. Dr.
Harold Howe of Newton, Mass. will dis-
cuss the College Entrance Board Ad-
vanced Placement Program. Dr. Rob-
ert Jameson of Haverford School will
discuss the Advanced Placement Eng-
lish Program. Open to everyone inter-
ested in these topics. For further infor-
mation call Ext. 2951.
American Society of Plant Physiolo-
gists, Midwestern Section, will hold its
annual meeting on Fri., and Sat., June
28' and 29 in the third floor of the
Rackham Building. All interested per-
sons on campus are invited. The gen-
eral program: Friday, 9-12 a.m., Contri-
buted Papers, two concurrent sessions;
1:30 p.m., Symposium; Structure and
Function in Photosynthesis. A. Chioro-
plasts, B. Bacterial Systems. Fri., 6:15
p.m., Dinner, Michigan League, $3;
Speaker, Prof. S. A. Cain, Chmn., Dept.
of Conservation, on "The Tropical Rain
Forest". Sat., 8:30-10 a.m., Round
Table Discussions, concurrent (I): Ap-
parent Free Space, Nitrogen Fixation,
Gibberellin. 10-12 a.m.. Round Table
discussions, concurrent (II): Foliar Ab-
sorption, Biochemistry of Fruit Ripen-
ing, Plant Growth Response and Light
Quality. 1:30 p.m., Symposium, Ion
Academic Notices
Preliminary Examinations in English:
Applicants for the Ph.D. in English who
expect to take the preliminary examin-
ations this summer are requested to
leave their names with Dr. Ogden, 1634
Haven Hall. The examinations will be
given as follows: English and American
Literature, 1550-1660, * Tues.. July 9;
1660-1790, Sat., July 13; 1790-1870, Tues.,
July 16; and 1870-1950, Sat., July 20.
The examinations will' be given in the
School of Business Administration
Building in Room 41 from 9:00 a.m.
to 12:00 in.
La Sociedad Hispanica of the Depart-
ment of Romance Languages will hold
its first summer meeting on Thurs.,
June 27, at 7:30 a.m., in the East Con-
ference Room, Rackham Bldg. Dr. Rob-
ert Lado, Director of the English Lan-
guage Institute, will speak in Span-
ish on "Malentendidos internacion-
ales. All those interested are invited.
Sports and Dance Instruction:
Women students who elect to regis-
ter for physical education instructional
classes may do so in Barbour Gymna-
sium from 8:00 a.m. to 12 noon and

1:00 to 5:00 p.m. on Tues. through tri,,
June 25 to 28.
instruction is available ia beinir
elementary and synchro iied , swnc -
ming; diving; tennis; beguinnn and
elementary golf; modern dance; and:
posture, figure and carriage. N addi-
tional fee. Equipment for c ans use is
French "Bal tin": Informal F coc
conversation groupThurs 3
in the South Room of the Michi:an
Union Cafeteria.
French an dSpanish Tlables: Men and
women are welcome as dinner gtes
at the language tables of the French-
Spanish house, 1809 Hill Street, at'
evening. Make reservation a day
by seeing Professor O'Neill, IllI o
mance Languages Building, Ext. 2181.
Placement Notices
Personnel Requests:'
A local professional origa ni:t ion ha
a permanent half-tine opening lora
woman in the referenc'e library. Tihe
p~osition involves cataloging and classi-
fying reference materiai, and sot,,
clerical work (no typing). Libr r
training and experience is helpful but
not required. Hours (aitbe arranged.
Position begins immediately.
Another local firni is looking for af
woman to work in Proofreadin,. e-
perience preferred. Should have a good
English background. The position is a
permanent one.
Booz, Allen & Hamilton, Chicago. Ill.,
is interested in procuring an experi-
enced Office Manager with a telin-
cal systems and procedures baecground
for a firm which manufactures a di or-
sified line of wood, metal and plasti
Hoffman Industries, Inc., Spring Ar-
bor, 'Mich., needs a BusAci gra duae to
fill the position of Office Manager.
The firm is in the plastic molcing busi-
Mystik Adhesive Product;. Dtroit,
Mich., has an opening for a man wi
a BusAd or LS&A background for Saie
For further information contact the
Bureau of Apnointments. 3528 Adimin.
Bldg., ext. 3371.

cannot be detected in the natural wild.
rad; .ition xxitiis a ixayspresent - Fragmdt Caused a Stir
on the,,i.li The uisk fragme-nts have caused
The cat:bon-14 ya'sick h as a sit in arc'ieolotical crcles be-
becoear ivlabetni ingan-eus. hy were sound in the sante
ng an understandiing of early >l of Sandia Cae as fireplacc
culture. earths. evider e of human o,-cu-
sas the method i -' ion. If the t',k is from an ani-
accurate to within a few hundred ' d . n'en kdI and used for
yeatrs. The only othic system that trod, then the 2 .GO-year figure
pi ,,_,ts
is more preeie is thenet hod of represents a surprisingly early
coning tihe ycal ly growth1 rings date at which men lived in what
ill wood, which proxides the exact is now New Mexico.
years in which a tree grew. But, Prof. Crane and other raise the
wood qaples sliowing tree rings question. howeelr, of whether the
are not oftenl .available at an- two were really contemporaries, or
cheolonlearmi ss. W'hether men who later occupied
Samples Are ('atalIgued the cave collected and brought
Incoming samples fitest arrie at home tusks from earlier times.
the Museum of Anthropology "The collecting habit in man
inhere tley ae assigned numbers is not recently acquired," Profes-
and catalogued. Prof. James B. sor Crane points out, "and we can
Grifthi, director of the museum, guless that an ancient occupant of
heads a six-man committee which Sandia Cave would have picked up
eotiates foi' samples, dptel'mines Ind carried home a piece of fossil
i lative priomuties for dating them, ivory with as much interest as we
r20'oi ds is and 1'epo sourselves would."
The "Haunted Lake" squlls were
Chemit , Pairicia Dalstrom, at sent to the University after they
the eatinlg laboratom', burns each were found on the shore of that
sample and then eparates the ar- body of water in India. How they
O nt 1dd. is fr om tIle result- riot there, and when, is not known.
ig ntue. "In running a dating business,
Tils gas is piped ilito the cmnt- you meet a great many fascinat-
er, a seamless cylinder surround- ing people, both dead and alive,."
ed by steel plati ad a pile of Prof. Crane says.

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