See Page 4
C, 1 r
Latest Deadline in the State
_. . ...
VOL. LXVII, No. 20S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1956
,.. . ..
Says Cost of
Report Cites Food
As Major Cause
WASHINGTON ()-The cost of
living hit an all-time high last
month, due mainly to the increased
price of food, the government re-
June consumer prices in Ameri-
'an cities rose seven-tenths of 1
per cent above the May level, ac-
cording to the latest statistics in
the Department of Labor index.
The June index was 116.2 per
Cent of the 1947-48 average and
1.6 per cent above the level of the
Food prices Jumped an average
of.2 per cent due mostly to season-.
al factors, the Bureau of Labor
At the same time the take-home
pay of factory workers, and the
amount of goods and services .it
could buy, rose to new peaks in
The average factory worker with
no dependents had net spendable
weekly earnings of $65.40 in June
and the worker with three depend-
ents'$72.75, a gain of about 80
cents over May and better than
$2.0 more than last June.
Biggest Since 1951
Ewan Clague, chief of the Bu-
reau of Labor Statistics, said the
cost of living rise was the big-
gest of any month since January-
February 1951 when it rose 1.2
per cent. , e
He expected the overall con-
sumer price index to "creep up
next month, although food, big-
gest factor in the index, should
He said food prices make up 30
per cent of the index.
The advance in food prices was
the largest monthly hike since
"This is in a way partly season-
al and partly because this spring
was a bad crop year-with a late
spring and coldness and wetness
affecting the crop," Cligue said.
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senate
passed a $4,110,920,000 foreign aid
appropriations bill Tuesday night
after writing in an administration-
opposed amendment prohibiting
use of any money for military aid
The final vote was 60-30.
The bill now goes to a confer-
ence with the House, which previ-
ously passed a bill carrying 685
million dollars less for the mutual
security program during the fiscal
year beginning July 1.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
sought about five billion dollars
In new money and reappropria-
tions, but has said he is willing
to settle for about the Senate
figure. Last year Congress appro-
priated $2,700,000,040 for foreign
Senate and House conferees will
have to work out a compromise
on this year's program.
The Senate version provides
$2,300,0000,000 in military aid and
the balance for various types of
The amendment denying any of
the new money to Communist
Yugoslavia was offered by Senate
Republican Leader Knowland of
California and adopted on a 50-42
roll call vote.
Just before final passage, Sen.
Joseph McCarthy R-Wis.) with-
drew his demand for a roll call.
Burton To Feature
A concert for carillon and brass
instruments, performed in Ann
Arbor previously on only two oc-
casions, will be presented at 7:15
p.m. tomorrow at Burton Tower.
Prof. Percival Price, Ujniversity
carillonneur and 18 members of
the Summer Session band will
Sperform two pieces composed by
Prof. Price. George Cavender, as-
sistant director of University
Bands, will conduct the perform-
RUSSIAN STUDIES SEMINAR-Prof. George Kish (left) and Mrs. Cecil W. Land talk with Colonel
William R. Kentner following his talk on Soviet military policy.
Russia's New Strategy
Based on Armed Might
By MARY ANN THOMAS
Russia's "new" strategy is still based on military power and the
threat it poses to international peace, Colonel William R. Kentner
told a round table discussion on Soviet foreign policy yesterday.
Chief Army advisor for the Operations Research Office in Wash-
ington, Kentner said although psychological and political warfare
is Russia's main weapon, the efficacy of the weapon is directly re-
lated to Soviet military power.
In the present world situation, he commented, the principle
strategy this weapon employs is the peace offensive. Russia has
launched six "peace offensives" since 1945 and the threat and oc-
*casional use of military force has
I 1 ,
SAN FRANCISCO (P) -- Floyd
Wilson bungled his attempt to es-
cape from Alcatraz yesterday and
faced the possibility of another
five years on the island prison as
The 41-year-old murderer was
found crouching in a cave on the
water's edge after an 11 -hour
foot-by-foot search of "The Rock."
He was dripping wet from splash-
ing waves. He admitted he didn't
know how to swim.
His recapture at 2:45 a.m. by
Coast Guard boats circling the
fog-shrouded island in San Fran-
cisco Bay with their searchlights
on, ended the 12th futile attempt
to break out of Alcatraz.
Wilson slipped away from a
closely watched dock gang Mon-
day afternoon. Just how he did
it remained his secret.
"He is a close-mouthed indi-
vidual," said Warden Paul J.
Madigan. "We can't get anything
out of him."
Madigan asked the San Francis-
co federal grand jury to consider
indictment of Wilson for attempt-
U. S. Attorney Lloyd Burke said
conviction would bring a sentence
of five more years in prison and a
By The Associated Press
CAIRO, Egypt-President Gam-
al Abdel Nasser attacked the
United States yesterday and said
"we will not submit to the dollar
or to force."
He said Egypt's economy is
strong, and growing stronger.
Nasser's remarks were accented
by a declaration of Soviet Ambas-
sador E. D. Kisselev to reporters
that the Soviet Union is ready to
put up the money for the Aswan
Dam on the Nile "if Egypt asks
;..WASHINGTON -Th e H o u s e
yesterday killed a bill to launch
the Atomic Energy Commission on
an atomic power plant construc-
tion program after AEC Chairman
Lewis Strauss argued the measure
A 203-191 roll call vote returnedI
ure to the Senate-House Atomic
Energy Committee - in effect
shelving it for the remainder of
the 1956 session.
This done, the House lost no
time in passing and sending to
the Senate a separate bill appro-
DriathnQ- 1.938.700.000 fl to finance~
been essential to this strategy.
Communists have not rejected
their doctrine of just or unjust
wars, he observed. Instead, they
have developed a sophisticated
theory concerning the best and
safest way of employing violence.
In Communist literature and
Stalin's speeches, peace offensives
have been analyzed as a most
effective tool of Communist ag-
gression. All Russian peace offen-
sives have been designed to pre-
vent the emergence of a free world
alliance system, to reduce arma-
ments in the West and to prevent
the rise of a positive policy against
Armed force is a phychological
factor and instrument in political
affairs, he continued, although the
use of armed force as an instru-
ment to support policy escapes
Relatively little attention has
been given to objectives of military
power beyond the achievement of
victory in total war, he explained.
Analizing current politics, Kent-
ner thought it obvious that this is
not an ordinary war or world peace
situation. There is no evidence
that any kind of arming by the
free world is likely to lead Com-
munist leaders to abandon their
plan for achieving world domina-
tion, he said.
Kenter then concluded that no
one can accept Communist peace
proposals as genuine unless Rus-
sia is willing to enter into a mutual
inspection plan similar to that pro-
posed at Geneva. Full acceptance
of the plan will be prima facie evi-
dence of a Soviet change of heart,
Kentner suggested that the
United States should back up its
military front with general ideo-
logical warfare. Urging argumen-
tation in the philosophical sphere,
he warned that unless the United
States guaranteed to support any
defection from the Communist
bloc, ideological warfare will be
SPRINGFIELD, II. (P)-A San-
gamon County grand jury yester-
day returned 46 indictments
against former State Auditor Or-
ville E. Hodge, charging embezzle-
ment, forgery and confidence
It was the second time Hodge
was indicted in the million dollar
state check cashing scandal. A
federal grand jury in Chicago last
week named him with two associ-
ates on conspiracy charges.
The county indictments covered
46 state warrants, checks which
State's Atty. George Coutrakon
said were fraudently issued and
cashed for a total of nearly $650,-
Each indictment carried six
counts. Three were for embezzle-
ment, each with a 1 to 15 year
possible prison sentence.
Two were for forgery with 1 to
20 year terms, and one was for
confidence game with a possible
1 to 10 year sentence.
Circuit Judge Dewitt S. Crow set
Hodge's bond at $100,000. Hodge
was not present but his attorney,
Arthur M. Fitzgerald, said the
one-time Illinois Republican state
official will appear for arraign-
ment Thursday morning,
Coutrakon said earlier this week
that after the Hodge indictments
were reported, he would turn his
attention to the activities of Ed-
ward A. Hintz, resigned president
of the Southmoor Bank and Trust
Co. of Chicago, and Edward A.
Epping, who was office manager
The three men were named in
the 54-count federal indictment
accusing them of conspiring to
mishandle $872,000 in federally in-
sured bank deposits.
Series on Negro
A speech on "The Negro and
the Christian Church" will be giv-
en by Shelton H. Bishop, minister
of St. Phillips Episcopal Church
of Harlem, at 4:15 p.m. today.
His is the ninth lecture in the
University -current series, "Pat-
terns of American Culture: Con-
tributions of the Negro", and will
be in Auditorium A, Angell Hall.
PARRIS ISLAND, S.C. ()-A
Marine death march survivor tes-
tified yesterday that its leader, S.
Sgt. Matthew C. McKeon, told
non-swimmers to "do the best they
Then, said Pvt. Cormac M.
Brennan of New York City, Mc-
Keon led a platoon into Ribbon
Creek where six young recruits-
several of them non-swimmers-
Brennan, 20, testified in a
strong voice on events just before
Recruit Platoon 71 entered the
creek waters April 8. He said of
'Do Your Best'
"He asked if everybody was all
right and the reply came back,
no, there were non-swimmers. He
said let them do the ,best they
Brennan was the first of 14 sur-
vivors to testify thus far to defend
the discipline of Platoon 71. All
the others have called it poor. He
termed it "good."
Like all the others, however, he
labeled McKeon "a good drill in-
structor . . . a very patient man."
During the seventh court day of
the court-martial, McKeon's law-
yer agreed to a temporary limit
on defense witnesses-a time-
saving, cost-cutting compromise.
Seek 108 Marines
Defense lawyer Emile Zola Ber-
man originally sought to call 108
ex-Marines to testify about other
night marches similar to the one
After a long out-of-court con-
ference, Berman agreed to a tem-
porary limit of 18. Maj. Charles B.
Sevier, the prosecutor, said he
would consider subpoenaing this
In a court-martial, the prosecu-
tion may or may not subpoena
such witnesses as the defense in-
dicates it needs. The defense's only
recourse against this control over
its witnesses is to ask the court
to overrule the prosecution.
Call Former Recruits
The prosecution called one of
McKeon's former Platoon 71 re-
cruits to testify he saw the drill
instructor with a vodka bottle in
his hand shortly before the death
McKeon is accused of man-
slaughter, oppression of recruits
and drinking on duty. There is no
suggestion of drunkenness. He
faces the maximum of a dishonor-
able discharge and six years in
prison if convicted.
Pvt. David H. McPherson of
Chatham, N.J., a tall, slim lad of
21, testified he was called into Mc-
Keon's barracks room shortly be-
fore the death march began. He
"Staff Sgt. McKeon was out in
the hallway. He followed me in
and said, 'What is wrong with you
McPherson? Why aren't you doing
something to help the platoon be-
come better disciplined?"
HARPSICHORDIST-Mme. Alice Ehlers, Vienna-born, bows after
performing in Rackham last night. She'is summer guest lecturer
in University music school.
By KEN JOHNSON
"The three modes of linguistic expansion are migration, infiltra-
tion and* diffusion," said Prof. Ernest Pulgram in a report before the
Linguistic Forum last night.
Speaking on "Linguistic Expansion and Diversification," Prof.
Pulgram discussed the spread and diversification of the Romance
languages and of the Indo-European languages. He is a professor in
Romance Languages and Classical''
Linguistics. ." .
According to Prof. Pulgram, Two JInd icted
"Just as no locale in Italy can be
called the home of the various dia- ForLobing
lects which eventually became the *Lb i
Romance languages, so it is un_ Act Violation
necessary to try to find an area
from which the various Indo- WASHINGTON OP) - Two at-
European languages spread as torneys and the Superior Oil Co.
of Californa were indicted yester-
separate languages." day on charges of conspiring to
"Instead," Prof. Pulgram said, violate the lobbying act during
"The diversity in the various lan- Senate consideration of the nat-
guages in the Romance group, and ural gas bill last winter.- .
by implication the Indo-European John M. Neff of Lexington, Neb.,
and Elmer Patman of Austin,
group, depends on the languages Tex., the attorneys, were also
which were previously spoken in charged with "unlawfully" offer-
their eventual homes and the dif- ing $2,500 to Sen. Francis Case
ferent time of blending of the (R-SD) in an attempt to influ-
original languages with the over ence his vote on the bill.
al roup."it The six-count indictment was
all group." ,returned by a federal grand jury
Another conclusion Prof. Pul- here. Atty. Gen. Brownell, who
gram drew was that, "Expansion made the indictment public, said
of language is not necessarily tied the grand jury's investigation is
to large scale movement of ethnic continuing
groups." However, he added Campaign Contribution
"There has never been to my Case set the inquiry in motion
knowledge a case where one lan- when he rose in the Senate last
guage entirely supplanted without February and disclosed he had
the movement of some members of been offered the $2,500 as a cam-
the original linguistic group."tributi'n
Pulgram's report was a part of paign conatei n.y passed the
the regular program of the Sum- The Senate fitl pase the
mer Session Linguistic Institute, gas bill, 53-38, with Case voting
which is co-sponsored by the Uni- against it, but President Eisen-
versity and the Linguistic Society hower killed it with a veto Feb. 17.
'~eilTaff ' 1-MQT Qnrl in arin r :il
Man In Middle'
To Give Nomination
speech at Convention
W A S H I N G T O N (/P)-Harold
Stassen's day-old "dump Nixon"
drive came to what looked like a
dead end last night as the man
he wants for vice president got
into a front seat on Richard M.
Republican National Chairman
Leonard Hall announced that Gov.
Christian Herter of Massachusetts,
Stassen's candidate, would place
Nixon's name in nomination at the
GOP convention for a second term
as vice president.
lighted and honored" by Herter's
decision to make the nominating
speech-a decision which followed
a day of fast political footwork by
party leaders backing Nixon.
'Man in Middle'
The vice president described
Herter as the unwilling "man in
the middle" in Stassen's surprise
Stassen, President Dwight D.
Eisenhower's disarmament spec-
ialist, refused to give up his drive
for Herter despite yesterday's de-
velopments. He contended those
events "only strengthen" his cam-
He said that since Herter was
not a candidate for the nomina-
tion, "he could do nothing" but
agree to nominate Nixon.
Nixon said he talked to Herte
Tuesday in a telephone call ar
ranged by GOP Chairman Hall.
Agreed to Nominate
"The telephone call was placed
with the idea of requesting Gov.
Herter to nominate me, which he
agreed to do," Nixon said.
Nixon said that he believed Stas..
sen's attempt to boom Herter was
undertaken by Stassen alone, with-.
out the help of administration of-
ficials and without any encourage-
ment from Herter.
"I think Mr. Herter unfortunate-
ly is the man in the middle here,"
N i x o n denied entering any
agreement with Herter to nomi-
nate the Massachusetts governor
in case polls showed him to be
the stronger candidate. Stassen
had said he understood Nixon and
Herter had "talked to each other
along that line."
Stassen had suggested Nixon
step aside for Herter on the ground
that, by Stassen's accounting, an
Eisenhower-Herter ticket would be
6 per cent stronger than an Eisen-
White House press secretary
James C. Hagerty said earlier that
Stassen is the only member of
Eisenhower's staff involved in the
drop Nixon move.
Eisenhower himself gave no sign
he was doing anything about Stas-
sen's action. But new assurances
that Eisenhower still wants Nixon
as his running mate reportedly
were relayed to- congressional Re-
Others To Decide
Nixon was asked by reporters
last night if he thought Stassen
should resign. He said that was for
others to decide.
The first word that Herter will
nominate Nixon came from GOP
Chairman Hall, who said Herter
telephoned him "to say that he
would consider it a privilege to
nominate Dick MIxon."
Stassen said he knew of Herter's
decision "before I made by state-
ment yesterday" that Nixon should
Stassen went on to say he be-
lieves "the public response" to his
endorsement of Herter "will bring
about" a new analysis of the rela-
tive strength of Nixon and Herter
as a running mate for Eisenihower.
If a new check of public opinion
bore out his claim that Herter is
6 per cent stronger, Stassen re-
"I believe Vice President Nixon
MIRAGES, FLYING BIRDS:
'Saint'- Property Man's Nightmare
"The Wayward Saint," Paul Vincent Carroll's comic-fantasy,
begins a four-day run at 8 p.m. today in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The Irish playwright has written into his play such unusual
events as a bird that flies to the saint's hands, clocks that start and
stop at the saint's commands, a chair which suspends itself in mid-air
and a man-eating lion that dies from indigestion.
With these events, the play becomes a "property man's night-
mare." Property technicians Lawrence Keller, '57, and Harold Chas-
tain, Grad., have solved the problem of the mysterious chair with
a special metal framework connected to the counterweight system.
r Still Not Right
Cast members report, however, that the flying birds are still not
performing to the satisfaction of the director, Prof. Jack E. Bender'
of the speech department.
Mirages, danced by Judith Dingman, '59, and Sandra Bader, '58,
have been aided in their problem of seeming to appear and disappear,
at a moment's notice by the special, secret entrances' and exits built
? into the scenery by set designer Edward Andreasen.
Netf, Patman and superior l,
a company headed by Howard B.
Keck and with offices in Los An-
geles and Houston, were accused
in the indictment of conspiring to
violate the U. S. code.
'Collect and Receive'
Part of the conspiracy, the gov-
ernment alleged, was that Neff
and Patman "should collect and
receive from Howard B. Keck and
from the said Superior Oil Co.
sums of money to be used prin-
cipally to aid inbthe passage of"
rthe natural gas bill.
IR=YOSA, Mexico W~-A young
Meyican-Spanish actor named Ta-
gare was removed late yesterday
from a crucifix to which he had
been nailed since Sunday in what
'police said was a money raising
Tagare, 28 years old, was nailed