(see page 2)
Latest Deadline in the State FAIR, WARMER
VOL. LXVII, No. 118 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 1956
Double Life Span
Conference Hears Gerontologist
Predict Modification of Changes
Science may be able to reverse biological deterioration of cells
and tissue so that biological appearance approaches that of younger
periods of life, a doctor told the Conference of Aging.
"We have shown that there may be a reversal in the picture of
4 tissue, both biologically and functionally long after the tissue has
ceased its normal activity," Dr. William B. Kountz, professor from
Washington University in St. Louis, declared.
The doctor, president of the American Gerontological Associa-
I - "- o - <
tion answered affirmatively the
occus with age be modified?
And a Madison, Wisconsin,
By Lee Marks
Daily Managing editor
Substitution of a disability re
tirement plan for a fixed age re
tirement plan is medically feasibl
and sound efficiency-wise, a Ca
nadian doctor said yesterday.
Further the doctor told a geron
tology workshop that methods o
assessing older employees can b
made economic, thus solving th
problem of administration.
L, F. Koyl, of the Departmen
of Veteran Affairs, Toronto, pre
sented his data at the Universi
ty's ninth annual Conference o
Deterioration in personality at
titudes and mentality are mor
important than organic deteriora
tion the doctor declared. But fac
ets of personality deteriorato
were termed "susceptible to pre
Data presented came from re
search at Sunnybrook Hospita
Purpose of the study was to es
tablish criteria for judging ho
long employees can work beyon
fixed retirement ages and to de
velop practical examination meth
No Correlation Found
The study claimed there is n
evidence of correlation betwee
age and general physique in th
age group of 50 - 64. Pathologida
processes deteriorate at an eve
rate from the forties to the lat
sixties. As 70 approaches the .de
terioration is more rapid.
Personality deterioration, ac
cording to Dr. Koyle, will probabl;
set in between 65 and 7a1 but be
fore that there is no significan
Other development at the Con
ference, attended by some 60i
medical and gerontological expert
throughout the country, sawe
committee established to organiz
a Michigan State Gerontologica
The society would work wit
local and state agencies in con
ducting research, coordinating re
search activities and educatin
the public in old age problems.
It would include representative,
of all interested medical and so
cial welfare groups in the state.
Dr. Gordon Aldridge, professo
of social work at Michigan Stat
University, will chair the com
mittee. Mrs. Wilma Donahue, dir
ector of the Division of Geront.
ology at the University, is also o
Significance of the Society wa
pointed up by a claim yesterda
that old age bills that died in th
State Legislature during the las
session did so because of laok o:
support from large organizations
The claim was made by Rep
Frank.D. Williams at the Con-
Designer To Speak
Mordecal Gorelik, professiona
scene designer from New Yorl
City, will speak at 3 p.m. today or
question: can biological changes as
doctor told the gerontologists that
man's life expectancy may be ex-
tended by science to 110 or 120
He added that basic research
into aging could make this rise
"look like peanuts."
The field of biochemistry holds
the answer to why the human
body ages so fast, Dr. Johan
Bjorksten, of the Bjorksten Re-
search Foundation, declared.
Asks Check of Diseases
- Checking major specific de-1
- generative diseases, such as heart
e or circulatory ailments, he claim-
ed, might raise life expectancy as
high as 120 years.
- Dr. Kountz went on to point
A out that since reversal in tissue
1e See related materials on the
Conference on Aging on the
t editorial and back pages.
- deterioration has been demon-
n strated in certain tissues it is
"highly possible" that other tissues
may be similarly modified.
Further the St. Louis doctor
e told gerontologists that mental re.
sponses could be improved, that
"such things as memory, ability
of an old person to coordinate his
thought, judgement, etc., may be
- benefited with the therapy."
WESTBURY, N. Y. (,')-A new
o rash of crank telephone calls yes-
n terday deepened the agony of kid-
e naped Peter Weinberger's parents.
I Seventeen telephone calls were
n received at the Weinberger home
e in a matter of hours. All were
- from cranks. All were anonymous.
They came from as far away as
y Chicago and Pontiac, Mich.
- As far as police were concerned,
t the search apparently was at a
dead end. The best they could do
- was plead. with the kidnaper to
0 give up the 5-weeks-old baby,
s The FBI is expected to throw its
a full force of crack manhunters in-
e to the case today, one week after
al the baby boy was snatched from
a carriage on the patio of his
- The kidnaper left a note on the
- Weinberger patio demanding $2,-
g 000. Last Friday, a telephone caller
upped the ransom demand to $5,-
s 000. At the time, the child's father,
- Morris, a wholesale drug sales-
man, accepted the caller as the
Gives New Weapons
WASHINGTON A'P)-Nathan F.
Twining, Air Force chief of staff,
warned yesterday that Russia may
give the West a "technological
surprise in new weapons.'"
While he got only a glimpse of
Soviet air power on his recent
visit to Russia, Twining told the
Senate Armed Services Committee
it was enough to put him on his
"I feel that our visit substan-
tially strengthened our previous
assessments that the U.S.S.R.,
while certainly not abreast of us
today, can and is progressively
narrowing the technological lead
of the West gnerally ond of the
United States in particular," he
He reported the Russians are
putting emphasis on thorough
training of carefully selected per-
sonnel, squeezing the maximum
potential from a pet engine of
Western origin and developing
powerful new engines of their own.
"We must in prudence reckon
on the possibility of their achiev-
ing scientific break-through and
conquest technological surprises
in new weapons."
Twining talked with the Sena-
jors privately. A copy of his pre-
pared statement was given to re-
Twining reitereated that the
United States still has the best
air force in the world.
"We must protect this qualita-
tive lead by continuing heavy in-
vestment in research and devejop-
ment," he counseled the commit-
"Though the welcome mat was
laid out with a flourish, a careful
hand was kept on the door," he
told the Senators, "They gave us
much less information than is
openly available to them about
our own air force and defense
WASHINGTON (M)-The House
Committee on Un-American Activ-
ities yesterday voted contempt pro-
ceedings against playwright Ar-
thur Miller, bridegroom of actress
Miller refused on June 21 to
answer committee questions about
persons with whom he attended
Communist party writers' meet-
ings in 1939 and 1940.
Ballis Discusses Russian Foreign Policy
Predict Big Vicory
Knowland Announces Decision
After Conference with President
GETITSBURG, Pa. (A1)-President Dwight D. Eisenhower will
He passed the word yesterday through GOP congressional leaders,
who quoted him as saying he is in "much better" health than before
his major abdominal surgery.
Republicans expressed jubilation, and predicted a big victory for
their party in November. Democrats, preparing battle plans for
an attempt to unseat President Eisenhower, said they were glad he
feels well enough to be a candidate again.
The stock market moved slightly higher for a time, then turned
mixed and finally rose again. Brokers, like most other people, had
generally believed the President would stay in the race, and many
traders had taken into account the expected development some time
News No Surprise
While the news was not a surprise, it came in an unexpected
manner out of the chief executive's temporary office on the campus
of Gettysburg College. It came
through Senate Republican Leader
William Knowland, who said after resi e
a meeting between the President
and Republican congressional lead-PI p
"The President reiterated the
fact that he will be a candidate
for re-election in 1956." T
Senator Knowland made this
statement before newsreel cameras
after saying substantially the same WASHINGTON ()- President
thing to a news conference in the Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
austerely furnished office which handed Congress a big assignment
President Eisenhower has taken -action on more than a dozen
over for a week or so from the "priority" bills before adjourn-
incoming president of the college, ment.
Gen. Willard S. Paul. Topping the list are foreign aid
White House press secretary funds, school construction and
1James C. Hagerty stood in the civil rights.
room, nodding, as Senator Know- President Eisenhower pressed his
land passed along the word to legislative program in personal
newsmen after President Eisen- appeals to both Republican and
hower's 67-minute meeting with Democratic leaders. But with
the House and Senate GOP lead- Congress aiming for adjournment
ers, later this month, it was obvious
ROUND TABLE DISCUSSION-In the first round table discussion concerning "Soviet Union's For-
eign Policy," Prof. William Ballis, a visiting political science professor from the University of Wash-
ington, spoke before a small group on "Soviet Union and its Satellites." A discussion period followed
with topics ranging from the Poznan riots in Poland to Russian imperialism.
PLAN JOINT TALKS:
Steel Union -Confers
With U.S. Mediators a
WASHINGTON (')-Federal mediators set up a conference here
yesterday with striking steelworkers as a step toward resumption of
joint union-management negotiations in the 10-day-old walkout.
Joseph L. Finnegan, director of the Federal Mediation and
Counciliation Service, said the "preliminary" meeting with union
leaders would be followed by a similar session today with manage-
Finnegan said the separate talks are aimed at getting a "better
" understanding" of the issues in
CHICAGO (MP-Former Presi-
dent Harry S. Truman, obviously
enjoying the role of Democratic'
elder statesman, received $72,000
for his library yesterday and just'
about all the political attention
he could absorb.
He said he was pleased with
selection of Gov. Frank Clement,
36-year-old Tennessean, as key-
noter of the Aug. 13 Democratic
"You couldn't have a better
keynoter than Clement," he told
a news conference, dismissing a
suggestion that the -Clement
choice represented a victory for
supporters of Adlai Stevenson.
the nationwide strike.
To Start Tomorrow
He set tomorrow as the "prob-
able" day for the start of joint
sessions, which he said would be
held in Pittsburgh, the nation's
Called to yesterday's confer-
ence were David J. McDonald,
president of the United Steelwork-
ers Union, and Arthur G. Gold-
berg, Union counsel.
Union-management talks col-
lapsed just six hours before the
strike began July 1, idling 650,000
steelworkers and cutting steel out-
put by 90 per cent.
Reject Industry Offer
In advance of the strike, in-
dustry offered a 52-month con-
tract at terms it said would
amount to 17% cents an hour in-
crease per employe for the first
year. The union said the offer was
worth about 14 cents. Steelworke'rs
had earned $2.46 an hour.
Economic effects of the strike
continued to spread yesterday as
some 20,000 soft coal miners
wound up annual 10-day vacations:
and joined the list of idle workers.
They work in mines owned by
the steel industry. All but one of
these mines shut down at mid-
night last night. The one excep-
tion--the Robena Mine at Union-
town, Pa.-will operate on a four-
Thousands are unemployed in
other allied industries.
"Democratic Education" is topic
of a speech at 4:15 p.m. today by
LONDON (P)-Prime Minister
Anthony Eden announced yester-
day that he and Foreign Secretary
Selwyn Lloyd will visit the Soviet
Union next May.
Announcement of the visit on
an invitation extended by Soviet
leaders when they were here last
April brought cheers from both
sides of the House of Commons.
Prime Minister Eden said his
part would leave London May 5.
Prime Minister Eden accepted
an invitation to visit Russia ex-
tended during the visit to England
by Premier Nikolai Bulganih and
Soviet Community party chief,
Nikita Khrushchev. But Eden said
then he would not immediately
fix a date because of previous com-
In his announcement, the Prime
Minister emphasized his intention
to visit "other areas of the Soviet
He seemed to anticipate getting
beyond the confines of the Krem-
lin to meet the people of Russia
firsthand. It would be the first
time a leader of one of the Big
Four powers has made such a tour.
Discusses Foreign Aid
Sen. Styles Bridges of New
Hampshire, one of the conferees,
said President Eisenhower dis-
cussed various legislative items
with the leaders, and when he
came to foreign aid, he remarked:
"I feel very deeply about this
and I intend to campaign very
vigorously and hard on this issue
before the country this fall."
Senator Bridges told. newsmen
the President said:
"Why shouldn't I run? Last
Feb. 29 I surveyed all of the rea-
sons pro and con when I an-
nounced my decision. I'm in much
better condition today than I was
"I have had a condition that has
bothered me from time to time
for years, and my doctors say
that I am better now than I have
'The Circle' To Begin Run Tonight
"The Circle," W. Sommerset
Maugham's comedy about two
generations in England's 1920 so-
ciety who cannot live with the
people they married, opens a four-
day run in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre at 8 p.m. today.
Presented as the second play on
the Department of Speech summer
playbill, "The Circle" is under di-
rection of visiting professor James
Brock. Costumes and scenery are
by Marjorie Smith and Edward
Sometimes called a "lesson for
playwrights if not reckless wives,"
the nv's nint is Euclidean. dem-
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
ATHENS, Greece-Greece proudly declined aid offers from the
United States and Britain yesterday as her quake-stricken Aegean
Islands dug out from the ruins of Monday's disaster.
Premier Konstantine Karamanlis said last night the death toll
was "50, and maybe higher."
But he added in a statement to reporters that he told United
States Ambasador Cavendish Cannon earlier there was no need for
American assistance "because at this time we are in a position to
deal with the situation."
Observers said refusal of Britain aid undoubtedly was tied to.
Greece's bitter feud with Britain over Cyprus.
PALMA DE MALLORCA, Balearic Islands--Vice-President Rich-
ard M. Nixon and Spanish Foreign Minister Alberto Martin Artajo'
talked over Spanish-American problems yesterday.
Vice-President Nixon arrived by plane from Ankara where he
discussed Turkey's economic problems and the Cyprus issue with
Turkish leaders. After a four-hour stopover, Nixon and wife flew off
he could not expect favorable
action on all his requests, many
of them highly controversial.
Nevertheless, the President looks
for "a substantially good batting
average," Senate GOP Leader
William Knowland of California
Senator Knowland and other
Republican congressional leaders
met with Eisenhower at Gettys-
burg, Pa., to go 'over the Presi-
dent's plans for the final weeks
of the session.
After this meeting, President
Eisenhower telephoned Senate
Democratic Leader Lyndon John-
son of Texas and House Speaker
Sam Rayburn (D-Tex) to make his
Senator Knowland said in Get-
tysburg that President Eisenhower
had tagged 15 proposals for "pri-
Topping the list was the foreign
aid money bill waich the House
will vote on today. Senator Know-
land said President Eisenhower
is hopeful the funds vqted will be
in "substantial" accord with the
four - billion - dollar authorization
which Congress passed Monday.
Senator Knowland also said "we
certainly haven't abandoned the
possibility" of reviving the federal
school aid program which the
House sidetracked last week.
But Senator Styles Bridges (R.
NH) said on returning from Get-
tysburg that he saw little hope
for such a move.
charged yesterday that American
military planes flew deep into
western Russia three times with-
in the past week in a "gross vio-
v :get t '