TWO VIEWS ON HARRY
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ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN. TUESDAY. AUGUST 14. 1956
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lement Gives Keynote Talk:
Woo State's 44 Votes;
Williams Still Silent
By MARY ANN THOMAS
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO - Michigan's dele-
gation to theDemocratic National
Conventionin Chicago appeared
split yesterday between Adlai
Stevenson and Averell Harriman.
Many delegates were previously
V reported anxious for Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams to release them from
their promise to support him so
they could leap on Stevenson's
But following dramatic appear-
ances of the two front-running
candidates at the Michigan caucus
Sunday evening, rumors spread
yesterday that many delegates will
back Harriman rather than Stev-
Harriman Makes Progress
Harriman's fighting New Deal-
ism in the tradition of Roosevelt
and Truman seems to have attract.
ef, many possible votes in Michi-
gan. Whether this split is big
' enough to throw the state to
Harriman is not yet known.
Delegate Clarence V. Smazel
from the 8th District said he likes
Harriman rather than Stevenson.
He approves of Harriman's liberal
"However, he points out, Walter
Reuther's endorsement of Steven-
son will probably result in Wl
Sliams' releasing the delegation in
favor of Stevenson.",
Michigan Democratic State Cen-
tral Committee chairman Neil
Staebler reports that Gov. G. Men-
nen Wililams "has not discussed
the question of releasing the dele-
Williams Waits on Decision
According to Staebler, Gov.
Williams is "surveying the situa-
tion before making his decision,
probably, announcing it by Wed-
nesday or Thursday.'
Gov. Wililams' tactics these first
few days of the convention will
be what is called "horse-trading,"
several observers at the Michigan
caucus predicted. "It is important
for Michigan that it be on the side
of the winning man," one observer
Since Michigan remains a Virtu-
ally uncommitted state, presiden-
tial hopefuls are wooing the dele-
gation for its 44 votes in the con-
vention. Harriman and Stevenson
addressed the group and Sen.
Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota
yesterday asked support for the
T o Stevenson
CHICAGO P)-Walter Reuther,
head of the United Auto Workers
Union, came out formally last
W night for Adlal Stevenson for the
Democratic presidential nomina-
Reuther, a powerful influence in
the Michigan delegation which has
44 Democratic National Conven-
tion votes, told a reporter:
"I'm for Stevenson. Everybody
know's I'm for Stevenson. I don't
see I should make a big produc-
tion out of it"
Previously Reuther had been re-
ported as favoring Stevenson, but
he had never said so flatly.
Reuther is not a delegate him-
self, but his United Auto Workers
Union is heavily represented in
the Michigan delegation and has
members scattered in a half dozen
other state r1l1izationns
BUNTING FLIES-Red, White and Blue are the order of the d
outside Chicago's Conrad Hilton. Inside feverish activity is
order of the day as Democrats convene.
Quinby New Democrati
Special to The Daily
CHICAGO-Thomas Quinby of Grand Rapids has been pi
into the post of Democratic national committeeman from Mic
in opposition to James Donnegan.
Elected at the Michican Caucus, Quinby was backed by Gov
G. Mennen Williams, State Central Committee Chairman Neil Sts
But British Continue
LONDON (A)-The Arab world
warned the West yesterday against
$ : using force in the dispute with
Egypt over the'Suez Canal.
And the British Labor party de-
manded that Prime Minister Eden
publicly guarantee Britain will not
Britain pressed a buildup of air,
land and sea power in the Medi-
terranean despite the warnings.
Delegates of 22 nations were
gathering in London for Thurs-
day's conference, arranged by
Britain, to consider international
control of the canal. Egypt and
son Greece refused to attend.
day In Washington, the State De-
in partment reiterated complete ac-
cord with Britain and France that
there should be "international
means to insure the practical and
efficient functioning of the, Suez
Behind the scenes there was a
feverish search for a diplomatic
compromise that would enable
both President Nasser of Egypt
Land Eden to save face.
Other developments yesterday:
1. A British government spokes-
ushed man said some British troops are
higan being pulled out of Germany in
view of the Suez crisis. They will
'ernor bolster the strategic reserve in
aebler Britain. Presumably they replace
Mc- troops shipped to the Mediter-
2. In Damascus, a government
plit spokesman said Syria has told
Britain and the United States it
d an might be unable to protect Ameri-
n the can and British oil pipelines
ation across Syria against sabotage from
ngress "an angered people" if the West
vished 3. Salah Osman, special Egyp-
ported tian envoy to Indonesia, said in
ration Singapore Egypt is ready for any
battle eventuality, including "the dyna-
r how miting of the Suez Canal" if nec-
4. Two flying boats began ferry-
tional ing wives and children of British
Don- employes in the canal zone to
party Malta en route to Britain.
e bot- 5. In Tel Aviv, opposition leader!
party Menachen Belgin attacked the Is-
"grass raeli government's passive atti-
tude toward the Suez crisis. He
nick- declared Nasser would follow up
d the his seizure of the canal with an
hould all-out attack on Israel.
HARRY TRUMAN AND MRS. ELEANOR ROOSEVELT-Despite
the big smiles, there is a sharp division between the two on can-
didate choice. Truman favors Harriman while Mrs. Roosevelt,
is committed to Stevenson.
Mrs. Roosevelt Claims
Democrats Must Unite'
CHICAGO W----Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt said last night a
Democratic victory is "imperative" and "I believe we will have it in
Plugging for young leadership and hard party work, the widow
of-the only man ever to be president of the United States four times
told the Democratic National Convention to be proud of its party's
tradition but not to lean on it-"to face new problems with new solu-
Mrs. Roosevelt, in a bright flowerd hat and pale green dress, drew
Ike, Nixon, GOP
Stevenson Still Out i Front
But Not Over Victory Mark Yet
CHICAGO (/) -- The Democratic National Convention lifted
roaring applause last night for a blast at the GOP as a "party of
privilege and pillage" while its would-be presidential candidates
sparred inconclusively for advantage.
In the Presidential nominating derby, it still was Adlai Stevenson
out in front but not yet in sight of victory after another day of hectic
scrambling for delegate votes.
And it was .ov. Averell Harriman of New York still in second
spot, trailed by a throng of favorite sons. Some of those favorites
were beginning to get ideas that maybe they can be more, maybe
go the top.
Delegates Hear Clement
Rank and file delegates quit their round of caucuses and con.
ferences and thronged into the International Amphitheater to listen
to Gov. Frank Clement of Ten- 4
nessee deliver the address,designed port to the convention,' Paul M.
to set the keynote for the conven- Butler told fellow Democrats:
tion and the campaign beyond. "We must unite and stay united
Gov. Clement poured it on. And in order to win "
the crowd of party partisans
poured out applause for one of aRepublicans, he said, are getting
those old-time firebreathing, lay- "lavish" campaign contributions
'em-in-the aisles political speeches from special interests and expect
favors in return. What the big
by one of the youngest of Demo- financial interests really want, he
cratic leaders. said, is Vice President Nixon in the
Come November. Gov. Clement White House.
predicted, a Republican adminis-
tration he accused of having "a Butler Makes Appeal
sordid record of broken promises Butler wound up with an appeal,
and unredeemed pledges" will do to the nation via television, radio
the "great fadeaway of the cen- and the press, for people of modest
tumy." means to send in $5, $10 or $25 to
L jr ,.
and the "Table" while Donnegan w
WASHINGTON (M)-A history-
m king full-power run of more
t an two months by 'the land-
ba ed duplicate of the atomic
power plant that propels the sub-
marine Nautilus was announced
yesterday by the Ahomic Energy
The reactor operated nonstop at
peak capacity for more than 66
days and 66 nights on less than a
single charge of uranium, the AEC
said, and added:
"If the Nautilus itself had made
a cruise for this length of time-
1,600 hours - she could have
steamed at top speed, submerged,
around the world and many thou-
sands of miles more."
The feat - was accomplished by
the nation's "first practical reac-
tor power plant"-the land-based
piototype of the Nautilus' atomic.
engine. The reactor is at the
AEC's National Reactor Testing
Station at Arco, Idaho.
WASHINGTON AP-Sen. Know-
land (R-Calif) emerged from a 30-
minute talk with President Dwight
D. Eisenhower yesterday and pre-
dicted Vice President Nixon will
again win the number two spot on
the Republican ticket.
Knowland, the Senate Republi-
can leader, said he talked politics,
legislation and foreign affairs with
the President. But he wouldn't say
was supported by Sen. Patrick
Namara and the state Cong
Ideological Battle Causes S:
Quinby's election followe
open parliamentary fight o
floor of the Michigan deleg
caucus room on the Con
Hotel's third floor.
Michigan delegates, who w
to remain unidentified, rep
that the split in the deleg
represented an ideologicalx
which developed recently over
the Democratic Party in Micl
should be organized.
Ernest J. Lacy, past na
committeeman, in backing
negan said he believes the
should be organized from the
tom up. In other words,
power should be in the"
P a r t y administrators,
named the "Table," supporte
opposite view-party power s
be at the top of the organiz
"Congressmen support the
tom-up theory," a delegate
the 14th District explained,
cause they know that's where
real support comes from. The
their power by ringing door
Hurt Congressmen For Donn
Another aspect of this ide
cal struggle was not so theor
Congressmen opposed Q u ir
election because their feelings
hurt when they were not inc
in a prior Michigan caucus.
were in Washington at, the
"These Congressmen are
creatures," a party functit
laughed, "but this was onlyo
the reasons why they supp
But observers agreed that
men are well qualified and
Quinby would do a good job.
Butler, chairman of the i
cratic National Committee,
the Committee and if a comet
man is not doing what he
siders a good job, he is soo
Margaret Price. Demo
a big cheer from the party when
"I want victory."
She said the Democrats must beB e y
a united party, resolving their dif-
Gov. Frank Clements of Tennes- P alm .
see, convention keynoter, intro-
duced Mrs. Roosevelt as "the first M I A M I, Fla
lady of the world." Betsy closed in
Both former President and Mrs. night and the
Harry Truman stood up to join in said fringe win
the applause. blow were likely
Mrs. Roosevelt is supporting Ad- cinity ofrPalmE
lai Stevenson for the party's Pres- ing.
idential nomination, while Truman The second si
has come out for Gov. Averell son, described
Harriman. "ood aesrae
Mrs. Roosevelt said this country gd average1
can not produce great leaders un- small area near
less it has a great people, was spinning tow
"You must be a great people ida "Gold Coast'
with great objectives," she said. At 5 p.m. th
"We must have the action of centered near L&
the people, or your leadership will Longitude 73.6 V
not be true leadership." miles east-south
. (P) - Hurricane
on Florida last
ds from the big
to strike the vi-
Beach this morn-
torm of the sea-
by a flier as a
0 m.p.h. over a
Sthe center and
ward the rich Flor-
'at 18 m.p.h.
he hurricane was
atitude 23.6 North,
West or about 460
beast of Miami.
Few Holds Barred
He went after President Dwight
D. Eisenhower and Vice President
Richard Nixon with few holds
No God-fearing Democrat wish-
es the President anything less
than the best of health and the
greatest of happiness. Gov. Cle-
ment said, but the people are en-
titled to know his plans for run-
ning the country under any White
House board of directors.
"They are entitled," he said, "to
have him accept all responsibili-
ties that belong upon him - in-
cluding that most unbearable load
of all, the responsibility for Nix-
Party Alert, Responsbile
The Democratic Party, Gov.
Clement said, is close to the heart
of the people, alert and respon-
sive to their changing needs and
requirements, unbound by ties to
any special groups, bearing "no
leopard marks of privilege."
Urging Democrats to fight, fight,
fight, the Tennessee governor de-
"There is a job to be done--a
country to be saved-a way of life
to be cherished-a people to be
helped-a code of governmental
conduct to be restored."
Gov. Clement's audience, Harry
S. Truman and Mrs. Franklin D.
Roosevelt among them, produced
roof rattling roars and applause
at nearly every other sentence.
Sweat poured from the governor's
brow. But he grinned and kept
Truman received a tremendous
ovation when he entered the Pres-
idential box just before the second
session of the convention opened
last night. And he got another
when Gov. Clement singled him
out for approbation. The second'
time, the former President had to
get up and take a bow.
Somebody had reached over and
given Truman a big button that
must have been left over from
1948. "Truman for President," it
"Oh, no!" Mrs. Truman said.
And there wasn't much doubt she
Gov. Clement's address was
sandwiched in between another by
Mrs. Roosevelt and a movie called
"Pursuit of Happiness." The film
was intended to prove the party
is "now, as always, our nation's
best and greatest hope."
Kennedy Narrates Movie
Nrraor n fr +he mnvi -rz en
th Democratic war chest. After all.
he said, it was the Deniocratlo
Party that lifted this country
"from the depth of despair ... to
the leadership of the free world."
In and around candidate head-
quarters downtown, there was a
letup in delegate courting while
the night session was on,
Gov. Harriman stood for three
hours at a reception he gave for
friends and workers in his cause.
Several thousand of them came.
Platform drafters proposed that
the party go on record for a $200
boost in the personal exemption
from the federal income tax-from
$600 to $800. For lower income
families, the saving was calculated
at $40 a person per year, and the
cost to the government in reduced
tax collections was estimated at
five billion dollars annually.
Here is the Amphitheater --
within sight and smell of the cow-
pens-Clement was the man of
the hour. And he probably did no
damage at all to any hopes he
might have for second place in the
CHICAGO ()-Democratic plat-
form drafters proposed last night
that their party pledge a $200
year increase in personal exemp-
tions under the federal income tax.
This would put the exemption
at $800 a person. It would save
lower income families an average
of about $40 a year for each mem-
ber. For a family of four this
would be a total saving of $160.
This recommendation was pro-
posed by a 16-member drafting
subcommittee of the convention's
Platform Committee. It will be
laid before the committee for ap-
proval probably tomorrow night.
Committee experts ,estimated
such an exemption would result
in a total reduction of five billion
dollars a year in income taxes,
based on present rates.
Earlier the drafting subcom-
mittee, in a tentative plank on
domestic policy, said the Republi-
can claim of prosperity was an
"illusion" for many groups, in-
cluding farmers, low income work-
ers, aged persons on pensions and
voune nersAns sekin PdIcation.
n b y's
HARRY AWAKENS CHICAGO:
Truman Avoids, Politics on Brisk Walk
By RICHARD HALLORAN
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO-Chicago at six forty
five in the morning is a giant just
awakened, stretching and yawning
from the nights sleep.
One part of the city woke up in
a hurry this morning as Harry S.
Truman jauntily took his morn-
ing stroll through the semi desert-
The former president, famed for
his walking habits, emerged from
the elevator of his hotel to face
a battery of television cameras,
photographers, microphones, and
inquiring reporters who minutes
before had been sleepy eyed and
glum waiting in the hotel lobby.
Lobby Comes Alive
When the signal, "here he
comes" flashed over the telephone,
the lobby came alive with a start.
ing a Stevenson sign and Steven-
son hats. The banter between the
ex-president and the press con-
tinued. But Harry Truman wasn't
in a talkative mood, at least not
about politics. A running com-
mentary on the weather and the
briskness of the walk, interspersed
with the hails of cab-drivers and
passers-by, comprised the major
portion of the conversation.
Will Support Any Nominee
Asked if he would support a
candidate other than his prefer-
ence, Governor Averell Harriman
of New York, the Democratic elder
statesman replied, "Why certainly.
Put it this way. I'll support the
nominee as named by the conven-
tion." Swinging down Michigan
avenue, headed back toward the
hotel-"I want to elect a Demo-
. ue.. ... ,. ,. . , , . :.. .,.
was enjoying himself. "I always
enjoy myself when Democrats get
together. I even enjoy myself
when Republicans get together-I
like to needle them." Would Mr.
Truman go to San Francisco. "No,
he laughed, I've got no business
there. My business is here. I'll get
to the Republicans during the
Back in the hotel, another short
interview for a morning TV show.
Same questions, same answers.
Would Harriman get the nomin-
ation? "I hope so, but that is for
the convention to decide." How
many votes did he think he had
swung to Harriman by his Satur-
day announcement supporting the
New Yorker. Mr. Truman said that
he had no way of knowing, Mr.
Harriman would have to be asked.
How many ballots would it take
to nominate Mr. Harriman? An-