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July 26, 1956 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-07-26

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THURSDAY, L Y 26. 1956

Miller, Seven
Others Cited
In Contempt
of Congress citations against
playwright Arthur Miller and sev-
en other persons were voted yes-
terday by the House.
Miller is now in England with
his bride, actress Marilyn Mon-
The contempt actions were ini-
tiated by the House Committee on
Un-American Activities, which ac-
cused all eight persons of refusing
to answer questions put to them at
public hearings.
Robeson Cited
A contempt citation also has
been voted by the committee
against singer Paul Robeson but
this was not presented to the
House. Chairman E. Walter, (D-
Pa.) said the Justice Department
has not yet submitted its recom-
mendation in Robeson's case.
The House sent the cases of
Miller and the others tothe Jus-.
tice Department for possible pros-
ecution. Conviction on the federal
charge carries a maximum pen-
alty of a year in jail and a $1,000
Miller's was the only citation on
which a roll call was demanded-
The vote was 373-9.
Refused to Give Names
The New York dramatist was
accused of refusing to name fel-
low writers with whom he at-
tended Communist party writers'
meetings in 1939 and 1940.
He has said he "had no con-
temptuous intention" and that "I
suppose the rest remains for the
courts to decide."
In addition to Miller, those cited
were Otto Nathan, New York, ex-
ecutor of the estate of the late
Albert Einstein; Peter Seeger,
Beacon, N. Y.; William E. Davis,
St. Louis, Mo.; John W. Simpson,
St. Louis; Mrs. Anee Yasgur
King, St. Louis; Elliott Sullivan,
New York, and George Tyne, New
Miller in England
Miller, author of the Pulitzer
prize play "Death of a Salesman",
Us in England on a six-month pass-
port, to be with his bride, who is
making a movie there. Miller an-
nounced their then-impending
marriage on the day of his ap-
pearance before the House com-
At that session ,Miller denied
ever being a Communist party
member but conceded he had been
associated with a number of Com.
munist front groups. He added:
"I would not support now a
cause dominated by Communists."
In refusing td say who attended
the writers' sessions, he said, "I
could not use the name of another
person and bring trouble to him
... My conscience will not permit
me to use the name of another
He did not invoke the Fifth
Amendment protection against
possible self-incrimination.
Music Series
o Present
Mary Tolbert
Mary Tolbert of Ohio State
University will speak on "Creativ-
ity, the Spark in Music Education"
in the Music for Lving series at 3
p.m. Tuesday in Auditorium A,
Angell Hall.
Miss Tolbert is chairman of

music education in the University=
Schools of the College of Education
at Ohio State. She has worked
with the State Department of
Education there.
In 1937 she studied in Europe
where she made a comparative
survey of schools in five European
countries. She was recently elected
to the Executive Committee of the
Music Educators National Confer-
Miss Tolbert has also assisted in
the . preparation of the several
monographs publishedbye Univer-
sity School, Ohio State University.
To Talk on Turkey
"The Turkish Social Revolu-
tion" will be the topic of a lec-
ture by Niyazi Berkes of the In-
stitute of Islamic Studies at Mc-
Gill University at 4:15 p.m. today
in Auditorium B, Angell Hall.

Linguistic Institute Studies Language Troubles

Although they may not know it,
people of Michigan are helping
India solve its language difficul-
Because of the great variety of
.languages in India, representatives
in Parliament could not understand
each other until English was
adopted as a temporary official
Meanwhile, Indian scholars are
studying language structure in or-
der to straighten out this langu-
age mixup,
Indians Study Here
Seven Indian language students
are now receiving their first intro-
the University's Summer Linguis-
duction to American education at
tics Institute under Rockefeller
Foundation grants.
The Institute's impact on Inter-
national affairs reaches beyond
India, however. Egypt has sent
four students to the Institute; they
will return to teach English in
their native country,
Prof. Myles Dillon has come from
the Royal Irish Academy at Dublin
to teach comparative Indo-Euro-
pean linguistics and a course in
Old Irish.
Besides English, emphasis this
summer is on Arabic, Greek, Jap-
anese, Latin and Russian as well
as structural studies in Germanic,
Romance, Slavic, Indo-Iranian,
Semitic and American Indian lan-
The study of linguistics has
taken a cut from the machine age
in an attempt to examine speech
and sound, its divisions and limits,
according to Prof. Albert H.
Marckwardt of the English depart-
ment and director of the Institute.
Experimental applications to the
study of language have been made
with a sound spectograph and
other instruments. For example,
machines might investigate differ-
ences in joining sound-such as
the difference betwe n pronounc-
ing "night rate" and "nitrate."
Institute Formed in 1936
Parent of other linguistics in-
stitutes, the University institute
has been offered in summger ses-
sions off and one since 1936. This
year's program is the fourteenth
sponsored by the Linguistic Society
of America, a 1,000-member organ-
ization founded in 1924 for the
scientific study of language.
The University's unique contri-
bution to the study of linguistics
is a close working arrangement be-
Louise, Rood
To Perform
With Quartet
The University's Stanley Quar-
tet will present the third and last
of a series of concerts at 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday In the Rackham Lecture
Louise Rood, visiting violist
from Smith College, will appear
with the Quartet in Mozart's
"Quintet in E-flat major," K. 614,
for two violins, two violas and
cello. The number will be played
during the second half of the con-
During the first half of the
program the Stanley Quartet will
play Mozart's "Quintet in G mi-
nor," K. 516, for two violins, two
violas and cello, and Leon Kirsch-
ner's "Quartet" (1956). The latter
composition was commissioned by
the University and will receive its
first performance on this occa-
The - Stanley Quartet is com-
posed of Gilbert Ross and Emil
Raab, violins, Oliver Edel, cello,7
and Robert Courte, viola.
Composition Talkj

Composition for the superior'
student will be discussed by a pan-i
el at the sixth apd final meeting
in the Conference Series for Eng-
lish Teachers at 4 p.m. Monday in
Auditorium C, Angell Hall.I
Taking part in the panel will4
be Sister Mary Hugh, R.S.M., Our
Lady of Mercy School, Detroit;
Annetta Wonnberger, Berkley
High School; and Stanley S. Cook,
Grosse Pointe High School. Prof.i
John F. Weimer of its English
department will act as chairman.

-Photo Courtesy University News Service
VISIBLE SPEECH-D. L. Subrahmanyam, engineer in the University's Speech Research Laboratory,
shows Virginia Johnson, secretary for the speech department, what sound "looks like." The sound
spectograph converts spoken words into black lines which may be used in the study of linguistics.

Starts State
LANSING 'P) - Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams yesterday announced
formation of a special commission
to study the problems of Michigan
Invited to serve as chairman
of the group was Chief Moses Gib-
son. a Benton Harbor Indian.
Gov. Williams said the commis-
sion would sutdy claims of In-
dians against the state, the edu-
cational, health and social prob-
lems of Indians and the back-
ground of Indian tribes in this
"It is not my idea that Indians
should be given preferred treat-
ment or that they should become
wards of the state," the governor
Others asked to serve on the
Elmer Sebastian, Oak Park: Jo-
seph Kishego Jr.. Harbor Springs;
Lewis Beeson, Secretary of the
State Historical Commission, Lan-
sing; Robert Dominic, Petoskey;
Volney H. Jones, Ann Arbor; Mrs.
Earl C. Beck, Mt. Pleasant:
Fred L. Hatch, Sault Ste. Marie;
Frarlk J. Dembinski, St. Johns;
R. G. Mulchahey, Coldwater (ex-
ecutive secretary) ; Margaret Biel-
by, Lake City; Robert L. Downing,
Midland; John Seaman, Lansing;
Francis Wakefield, Grand Rapids;
Mrs. Fred Ettawageshik, Harbor
Springs; Gertrude P. Kurath, Ann
Arbor; Mrs. Clayton Dishong, Lin-1
Draft To Raise
In September
LANSING (P-Michigan draft
boards have been asked to supply
712 men for induction in the
armed forces in Setember, Col.
Arthus A. Holmes, State Selective
Service director, announced yes-
The September call is up 104
men from the 608 registrants
drafted in August. It is part of the
national call of 14,000 men for
the Army in September.
Col. Holmes said all inductees
except volunteers and delinquents
will be between the ages of 22 and
26. Volunteers from 17 to 26 are
expected to fill at least half the
Wayne County boards will be
required to furnish 374 men.

"Television has been hailed as
the greatest boon to education
since the invention of the printing
press, and decried as the greatest
menace to learning since the in-
vention of the Comic Book," Prof.'
Edward Stasheff of the speech
department reports.
According to the professor. "It's
true place will probably be found
just about halfway in between.
It will definitely reduce reading
time for some, especially when it
is first introduced into a home,
ability to stimulate interest in
books when properly used."
Prof. Stasheff points out that:
radio has a somewhat different
effect on children than TV. "Radio
requires the listener to cooperate
actively and contribute to the
program in imagination. TV sup-
plies everything and leaves noth-
ing to the imagination.
Contributes Less to Vocabulary
"TV also contributes less to the
average vocabulary, except for
colloquial or dialect expressions,"
he commented.
Most important, according to
the educator, however, is the fact
that "TV has a more hypnotic
effect than radio ever had, especi-
ally on children.In the average
home in New Haven. for example,
children as reported in a recent
survey spent an average of 13
hours per week in watching their
regular programs - not including
random additional viewing.
Radio listening averaged no more
than two hours per week.
Much on Credit Side
Nevertheless, there's much to be
said on the credit side.
Prof. Stashoff reports that tele-
vision programs, in outstanding
individual instances, have sent
children to the libraries.
"The craze for Davy Crockett
swept every copy of his biography
off the shelves of a good many
libraries, and publishers rushed
into print with new ones or re-
prints of old ones.
Program Utilizes Libraries
"The late and lamented 'Mr,.II
Magination' programndramatized
a children's classic each week, and
librarians were soon finding out

the little to be used several weeks
ahead, so that they might get all
available copies of that book out
on the shelves for Monday follow-
ing the week-end broadcast," he
According to Prof. Stasheff,
"The interest in educational TV
has been spearheaded by libraries
in many communities.
"From using large-screen TV
receivers to bring the public into
the library, to offering books men-
tioned on TV, and finally to pro-
ducing their own book programs to
encourage reading, librarians have
found TV can be as valuable as
reading, if utilized, as it can be
detrimental to reading, if neglected
or opposed," Professor Stasheff

tween the Institute and graduate is carried on entirely by the vari-
programs in various fields. ous graduate departments.
Although the Institute is a sep- Prof. Marckwardt reports an
arate department during the sum- increasing interest in the study of
mer, the linguistics program dur- linguistics, evidenced by larger at-
ing the regular academic year tendance at forums held in con-
Wayne Professor Asks T'V,
Radio Access to Courtrooms

Should radio and television
broadcasters be barred from court-
room and legislative proceedings
open to the press?
Writing in the 1956 edition of
"Current Trends in State Legis-
lation," which will be published
by the Law School this fall, Prof.
Samuel D. Shuman of Wayne Uni-
versity says there's little legal.
ground for making such a distinc-
Mo state laws designed to bar
broad asters from such proceed-
ings, are inadequate, he adds.
'Electronic Journalism'
"The fact that television for all
practical. purposes. can transmit
only what actually happens sug-
gests that TV and radio are closer
to being 'electronic journalism'
than entertainment," he asserts.
"Hence, radio and television
should be granted access where
journalists are generally per-
"To deny access to the electronic
reporters is to sanction continu-
ance of news reports not as they
actually occur, but rather as they
seem to an editor who secures his
impression of events from a re-
Commenting on Canon 35 of
the American Bar Association, a
code adopted by over half the
states in -the nation to prohibit
TV and radio coverage of court
proceedings, Prof. Shuman states:
Asks Reconsideration
"The pressing need for publi-
city about what actually happens'
at judicial proceedings, as distin-
guished from the comic-book or
movie versions, and the fact that
publicity is the most important
deterrent to corrupt or despotic
administration of justice; make it
desirable to reconsider the blanket1
prohibitions of Canon 35.
"Indeed, it is quite possible that
proper use of radio and television
at judicial proceedings may result+
in the attainment of some of the
very objectives . . . of Canon 35.
"If radio and TV coverage is
permitted, it may eliminate, and
certainly will diminish, the unde-t
sirable condition of an over-c
crowded courtroom and court cor-
ridors, and thus help preserve the
dignity of the court.
May Prevent Mobsc
"In addition, by dispersing peo-t
ple to their homes, it may helpt
prevent the creation of what is
possibly the ugliest of all humant
phenomena, a mob."
Discounting the physical andi

TV Both Boon, Menace
To Education, Learning

psychological drawbacks often as-
sociated with TV and radio cover-'
age of judicial and legislative pro-
ceedings, he states:
"Television coverage of the so-
called "Little Kefauver" hearings
in Washington conclusively dem-
onstrated that television may, in
fact,be the least objectionable of
media in respect to hindrances due
to its physical equipment.
Tension Not Due to TV
"The tension in witnesses at-
tributed to TV and radio is per-
haps really a tension which would
exist even without those media.
It is the inherent tension of any
public hearing in which the wit-
ness need give testimony.
"Further, if the testimony is the
sort which would attract a large
television or radio audience, then
it almost certain that there would
also be a maximum crowd in the
room where the proceeding was
Legislatures could benefit from
a better informed public if tele-
casting and broadcasting of their
proceedings become more common,
the professor believes. "In almost
all cases, legislative broadcasts or
telecasts have aroused consider-
able public interest," he notes.
This is true even when the tle-
casts and broadcasts are subject
to editing. "No empirical evidance
has been presented to support -the
proposition that (edited) cover-
age, will not yield beneficial re-
sults," he states.
It is worth noting that in Ar-
kansas, Georgia and Virginia,
where broadcasts from edited tape
(recordings) have been permitted,
the presentations have won accep-
tance with the legislators and
charges of unfair editing have not
been reported.
Prof. George Kish
To Attend Meeting
Prof. George Kish of the geo-
graphy department will attend
the 18th International Geographi-
cal Congress in Rio de Janeiro
August 9 through 18.
Prof. Kish will attend the Con-
gress as a member of the official
delegation being sent by the Na-
tional Academy of Sciences and.
the National Research Council.
He will present a paper to the
Congress on "National Minorities
-A Problem in Political Geogra-

nection with the Institute as well
as increased enrollment in the
Institute itself.
There are more students return-
ing to foreign countries to teach
English than ever before, he said.
One result is that more teachers'
from other American schools are
being trained for the special job
of teaching English and teaching
methods to foreign students who
will themselves become English
teachers in ther own countries.
Teachers of modern languages1
in American high schools and col-
leges are also coming to the Insti-
tute in greater numbers. Prof.
Marckwardt believes this reflects
an increasing interest in modern
languages in the nation.
Scales Loaded
PONTIAC (P)-Pigeons have
outweighed Justice at the Oak-
land County courthouse, The
scales fell off the nine-foot
statue of Justice atop the 50-
year - old building. Workmen,
investigating, found the scales
had been overloaded by drop-
pings from the pigeons that
hang out at the courthouse.

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