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July 29, 1955 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1955-07-29

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ASi
Latest Deadline in the State

Baiy

W C
W ARM,CLOUBY

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 29, 1955

FOUR PAGES

Eden Sees
'New Era'
From Visit
Calls Bulganin's
Trip 'Important'
LONDON ()-Prime Minister
Anthony Eden declared last night
"a new era" in East-West rela-
tions could be opened up by the
visit to Britain next spring of So-
viet Premier Bulganin and Com-
munist party leader Krushehev.
In a television report to the na-
tion on the Geneva summit talks,
Eden said the scheduled visit
would be "an immensely impor-
tant event."
"This will be the first time that
the leading minister of the Soviet
Union, Bulganin, will be visiting
a western land," he added.
Hopes for Valuable Discussion
"I hope, I am sure, valuable dis-
cussion will result. Quite apart
from politics I think that as the
otftcome of this meeting wve can
reasonably hope for a further
growth of personal contact to
which personally I attach consid-
erable importance."
The prime minister said the
summit meeting ha dnot produced
any "call for easy optimism, but
there is a relaxation of tension
due to the fact that all were
agreed on what they wanted to
do."
Eden made his report as the na-
tion was caught up in a popular
upsurge of relief and enthusiasm
over easing of world tensions.
See End of Cold War
Politicians, ordinary Br it on s
and newspapersbubbled over with
hope that the end of the'cold war
may be in sight and that a new
period of world friendship may
be dwning.
Twenty Laborite members join-
ed the government in a motion
offered in Parliament today wel-
coming the United States-Red
China decision to open ambassa-
dorial talks Monday in Geneva to
relieve Far East tensions.
Britons forgot. -like a bad
dream - the memory that only
four months ago they debated how
to survive in the H-bomb age and
Sir Winston Churchill, then Prime
Minister, asked: "Which way
shall we turn to save qur lives?"
Talbott Records ,
Go to Eisenhower
WASHINGTON (P) - Tran-
scripts of a Senate hearing on the
outsi'de business activities conduct-
ed by the Secretary of the Air
Force Harold E. Talbott were de-
livered to the White House yester-
day for President Dwight D. Eisen-'
hower's personal perusal.
The president has said he will1
study the record in the case

Israel Protests Red
Attack on Airliner;

Bulgaria

'Regrets'

}
'''' 3

Nixon Suggested,
For .Soviet VIs
Flanders Suggests Sending Wheal.
To Red China;-iinowland Cautious

BIG BLOWUP-Flaming gasoline cans streak with fiery tails into
the sky near Griesheim, West Germany, after an explosion in a WASHINGTON S!--Senators searching out more cracks in the
United States Seventh Army gasoline depot. No one was hurt Iron Curtain came up yesterday with suggestions to send Vice President
although German police estimated that between 6,000 and 7,000 Richard Nixon on a good-will trip to Russia and to bombard Red China
five-gallon reserve supply cans filled with gasoline were destroyed, with bags of wheat.
Cause is under investigation. Senate Republican Leader William Knowland of California sound-
__ ed a note of caution on his first formal comment on the Big Four
summit conference at Geneva last week.
PERSONNEL SHORTA(;E: "Neither we nor the free world," Knowland said in a senate
speech, "must lull ourselves into a 'little Miss Red Riding Hood' belief
C ie , that because the wolf has put on grandmother's cap and nightgown
f S his teeth are any less sharp or his intentions any less menacing."
Senators Aiken (R-Vt.) and Sparkman (D-Ala.) suggested the
Nixon visit in separate interviews. They were quieried in the wake of
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's new conference statement Wednes-
day that the idea of swapping visits by government officials was
BY MARY LEE DINGLER -7"talked over at Geneva.
"Public lack of interest and enthusiasm is evident in all levels of a -' +Sen. Aiken noted that Russia has
Civil Defense," Thomas A. FitzGerald, director of Washtenaw County's {D en accepted a British invitation to
Civil Defense Program observed yesterday. , nin send Soviet Premier Nikolai Bul-
Explaining the lukewarm local attitude, FitzGerald said it was To Manin and Communist partheboss
probably due to an optimistic opinion that an atomic attack 'just oit M e n on a visit nex t sprc
m ean ona viit extspring.

58 Aboard
All Killed
In Incident
12 Americans
Counted Dead
JERUSALEM W)-Israel yester-
day protested Communist Bulgar-
ia's destruction of an Israeli air-
liner as shocking recklessness and
demanded compensation.
Bulgaria admitted its gunners
had shot the big plane's tail off
and expressed regret.
Israeli officials described the
silver-winged Constellation of El
Al Israel Airlines Ltd., which car-
ried 58 persons to death Wednes-
day as a grave international of-
fense.
12 Americans Die
With 12 Americans among the
dead, the United States also plans
a protest "in appropriate terms."
.Henry Suydam, State Depart
ment press officers, said in Wash-
ington the United States is indig-
nant at this tragedy behind the
Iron Curtain - "repetitious of in-
cidents of this kind which we had
earnestly hoped would not recur"
, and will file its protest as soon
as full information is at hand.
The United States does not have
diplomatic relations with Bulgaria,
so Washington's document will be
relayed through Switzerland.
Diplomatic pressure may develop
from other capitals.
Britain Indignant
Four Britons, four Canadians
and a South African were among
the dead. Indignation at the inci-
dent was expressed by speakers in
Britain's House of Commons.
The plane, downed on the Vien-
na-Istanbul leg of a flight from
London to Israel, also carried five
Russian immigrants who planned
to join relatives in the Holy Land.
A sharp note handed to the Bul-
garian charge d'affaires in Jerusa-
lem by Walter Eytan, director gen-
eral of the Israel Foreign Ministery
said Israel "demands full satisfac-
tion for a grave international of-
fense."

4
4
,
d
i

Television and radio sets of the near future will be virtually
trouble free, according to Jack A. Morton, director of device develop-
ment for the Belle Telephone Laboratories. '
At the University to lecture at the nation's first unclassified
symposium on the application of the transitor, Morton said television
and radio sets yill be smaller, cheaper, cooler in their operation and
- will require no tube changes, ex-
0 ecept for picture tubes.
hig in S ts All of this because of the Bvl
gins opment of the tiny transitor, which
ranges in size, from a blunt pencil
Tof point to the end of a thumb and
oll Roadis rapidly replacing the vacuum
tube.
The vacuum tube has almost-
C onferenceT vinfinitely small electrons moving
in a vacuum and quite often is less
than one per cent efficient. It
Still trying to persuade State has t obe heated to work correctly.
Highway Commissioner Charles The transitor nas electrons mov-
Ziegler to support the proposed ing in a vacuum, too, but"in the
113-mile Rockwood - to - Saginaw vacuum between atoms. It doesn't
turnpike, George Higgins, chair- require heat to make it work,
man of the Michigan Turnpike doesn't get hot and should have
Authority yesterday called an Aug. almost indefinite life.
8 meeting of the Authority. Morton said the invention has
Higgins said Michigan has no already had terrific impact. on
choice but to settle for a toll road, business and industry-because of
not that President Dwight D. E- the electronic gadgets it will make
senhower's multi-billion d o 11 a r possible.
road program had been rejected "It's already revolutionized hear-
by Congress. ing aids, which are now very
"Michigan's ten-year highway much smaller and far more de-
need of three and a half billion pendable and cost less to operate,"

couldn't happen here' or the fatalistic belief of 'what's the use'.
FitzGerald noted that general apathy has led to a shortage of
Civil Defense volunteers in all areas. He said he expected the situation
to improve somewhat in the fall
, when Washtenaw County will par-
ticipate in a welfare study and a
F or~'eignE'recruitment program for CD aux-j
iliary police.1
1I r 11 D A W Besides lack of Interest Wash-:

Appointment
WASHINGTON ( P) - Fresh de-
nials that Indiana's Gov. George
N. Craig might succeed Harold E.
Talbott as secretary of the Air

Bulganin and Khrushchev would
be welcome in America, Aiken said,
and if they wanted someone to
return the visit then, "I think
Vice President Nixon could do some
good."
Sen. Flanders (R-Vt.) put for-
ward the wheat bombing idea.
Flanders took no personal credit
for his idea, offered in the Senate,
to send free wheat by air to the
famine-beset Chinese. He said Sen.
Knowland had proposed it earlier
without its acceptance and, he
added, it still makes sense.

Both

Houses
$$$$I

dollars would not have been met
even if the needed federal high-
way legislation had been passed,"
Higgins said.
"But Highway Commissioner
f Ziegler told us last week he would
build rfreeways competitive to the
turnpike anyway. He also saidI
that if the federal program didn't
pass in this session, he would take
another look at the turnpike pro-
gram," Higgins added.
He said he hoped Ziegler and
the Turnpike Authority would
come from the meeting "united,
with cooperative and not competi-
tive programs."
"Michigan still can get a good
highway system if Ziegler will use
his one-and-a-half-cent gas tax
increase for turnpike financing."
Higgins and Carl H. Smith of
Bay City, an Authority member,
inspected and received approval
from the Authority on the north-
from Bridgeport to Saginaw re-
cently. He said the southern route
from Pontiac to Rockwood would
be inspected Monday.;
BIess to TPalk
On Astronomy
The astronomy department 'will
hold an open house for all inter-
ested spudents at 8:30 tonight in
room 2003, Angell Hall.
Robert Bless, a graduate student
in astronomy will speak on "Radio
Astronomy " If the skys are clear,
guests will be able to look at the
heavens through the telescope lo-
cated on top of Angell Hall. If it
is cloudy, the visitors will examine
Sthe Universities Planetarium and
displays,

B retton Says Chancellor
Under Pressure in Talks
BY HOWARD WALIKER
Asked whether Germany's Konrad Adenauer will go beyond mere
formalities in his coming negotiations with Moscow, Prof. Henry L.
Bretton of the political science department said, "The pressure on
Adenauer to negotiate a unification now is great, because the Soviets
have demonstrated as far as the German public is concerned
that they are not weak enough to be coerced."
Prof. Bretton continued, "Russia's chief bargaining power in the
negotiations will be, of course, her

I

WASHINGTON ()-A compro-
mise $2,700,000,000 foreign aid bill
sailed through the House and
Senate yesterday as Congress
worked close to adjournment.
The measure now goes to Presi-
dent :isenhower for his signature.
It carries about :bu m mon aoi-
lars less than he asked for .in new
money to bolster America's allies
around the world.
Sen. Walter F. George (D-Ga.),
president pro tem of the Senate,
told reporters he understands that
the current session of Congress
cannot end until next Tuesday be-
cause of House insistence on meet-
ing next week to handle minor
bills.
The Senate's minority leader,
Sen. William R. Knowlaz.d i-
Calif.), said he still hopes that
Congress can quit~on Saturday.
Both House and Senate acted on
voice votes in approving the for-
eign aid program for the 2 months
beginning July 1. The Senate had
been disposed to give the adminis-
tration an additional -500 million,
but it yielded to the House in a
conference on the legislation yes-
terday.

tenaw County shares another prob-
lem which is effecting Civil be-
fense groups throughout the coun-
try. That is the refusal of the
government to release certain in-
formation.
FitzGerald pointed out the fact
that often such security reguia-
tions make it difficult for the or-
ganization to keep its plans up to
date, and leave the public in the!
dark about the need for a civilian
defense program
FitzGerald noted that when the
government does release informa-'
tion as it did after the recent[
Nevada tests, facts are sketchy and
arouse only brief interest.
Although the destructive power
of nuclear weapons is constantly
widened and is expected in increase
from four to 15 miles by 1957,1
Civil Defense officials are not dis-
couraged. FitzGerald said the
problem was being taken into con-
sideration and could be solved
by broadening the evacuation area
in relation to the bombs destruc-
tive radius.
Citing the need for more public
education in self-protection, Fitz-
Gerald revealed that in an emer-
gency it would be impossible to
provide shelters for the entire com-
munity. "It is imperative that
people learn to care for them-
selves," he concluded.

Force came out of Gov. Craig's
White House luncheon with Presi-
dent Assistant Sherman Adams
yesterday.
The governor told newsmen his
talk with Adams was "purely so-
cial." When a newsman asked
Gov. Craig if any overtures had
been made to him in regard to the
post he replied:
"Of course not. Mr. Talbott is
secretary for air."
In response to a question as to
whether anything could lure him
into federal service Gov. Craig said
"certainly not. I'm here for that
purpose."
The White House had denied
Wednesday that Gov. Craig's visit
had anything to do with a federal
appointment.
Gov. Craig pointed out when the
report first circulated Wednesday
that his luncheon appointment at
the White House had been made a
month ago, before Talbott came
under fire for his private business
connections.
The governor had said earlier
this year he was not interested in
any federal job and that he wanted
to finish his term as governor,
which ends in January, 1957. The
Indiana Constitution bars him
fiom seeking reelection. He had
been mentioned as a possible suc-
cessor to Army Secretary Robert
Stevens.

S;

- .,
VENUS - This Is Catherine
Mondollot, 20, who has been
elected Venus or Bronze of the
French Riviera in competition
at Juan-les-Pins. (AP Photo)

possession of East Germany.
, "When one considers the chan-
cellor is getting older, his opposi-
tion is getting stronger, and his
coalition is having difficulties, it
all adds up to the strength of the
Soviet position," he said.
"However, Chancellor Adenauer
will not go to the conference un-
armed," Prof. Bretton added. "He
can demand conditions for unifi-
cation which are reasonable and
yet unacceptable to Russia." Prof.
Bretton cited free elections and all
they imply as an example.
This, the specialist on German
politics said, would gather the
power of free world public opinion
to his side. "Adenauer could also
threaten to further integrate West
Germany into the Western alli-
ance," he suggested.
As to the effect of the proposed
negotiations between Adenauer
and Russia on the forthcoming Big
Four Foreign Ministers meeting,
Prof. Betton offered, "Adenauer
will negotiate in accordance with
Western views. What he demands

FROM SOYBEANS TO DRAMA:
Saline Mill Boasts Long, iHistoric Past

Bulgaria Accepts Blame
Bulgaria admitted yesterday
hours after the Constellation fell
blazing near the Greek frontier
- that its antiaircraft gunners
shot down the plane and none
aboard lived through the crash.
It expressed "deep regret" and
promised a full inquiry by a min-
isterial commission.
But an Israeli spokesman said
Bulgaria has refused to admit a
six-man commission from Israel
which proposed to conduct an on-
the-spot investigation of its own.
A Bulgarian statement broadcast
by Radio Sofia said the Constella-
tion had strayed off course for
100 miles over Bulgaria, veering far ,
eastward from its normal route
over Yugoslavia.
"The antiaircraft defense was
unable to identify the plane and,
after a few warnings, fired, as a
result of which the plane crashed
in the area north of the town of
Petrich," the statement said.
Wave Drowns
36 Japanese
TSU, Japan WP) - A great wave
surged out of the treacherous Ise
Sea yesterday and drowned 36 of
47 Japanese junior high school
girls who were taking a swimming
test.
Witnesses said the girls were
standing in placid waters, waist
deep, about 35 feet out from the
beach.
Then the great breaker rolled in
without warning, swept over the
entire class, and carried the girls
out to sea with its fearful under-
tow.
Approximately 200 fishermen,
Japanese soldiers and other res-

By ERNES THEODOSSIN
Playgoers availing themselves of the theatrical facilities offered
by the Saline Mill Theatre summer stock company may be surprised
to learn that the Mill has a fascinating and very old history.
Built in 1845 by Schuyler Haywood, the mill was originally to
be found in a small community known as Schuylerville- or Barnegat,
after Haywood's home at Barnegat, N.J. Initially, it was larger than
Saline and had a blacksmith, weaver, cooper, doctor, lawyer and
general store.
The mill, in operation often 12 to 18 hours each day, turned out
as many as 125 barrels of flour.
A later owner, replaced the old wheel used for grinding with an
electric machine, but the mill was on its way to extinction as a cen-
ter for flour making. Still running in 1927, it soon stood idle.
Henry Ford Enters
In 1935, Henry Ford, interested in restoring historic sites and,
setting up experimental industries throughout the state, purchased
the building. He rebuilt the interior completely, adding attractive
panelling. Much of the Ford machinery still stands in the mill today.
One of Ford's earliest experiments was with the soybean, and
nn a of nimor pimnortnt pr dumcts develoned from this olant was

I

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