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June 24, 1954 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1954-06-24

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EDITOR'S NOTE
See Page 2

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Latest Deadline in the State

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FAIR. AND WARMER

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VOL. LXIV, INo. 3S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1954

FOURPACS

__ - _ i

1'ATR Vr~sm'Qc~

4a

'U' President
Traces Role
Of Women
Begins Summer
*school Program
Tracing the evolution of the in
creasing role of women in the work
of men, University President Har
lan H. Hatcher yesterday com
mented, "If not a disruptive forc
as in Genesis, women are stillf
a force to be reckoned with."
President Hatcner was keynot
speaker for the special summer
>~ session program of lectures, ex
hibits and related courses on "Wo
man in the World of Man." It wa
Sthe first in a series of lecturei
aimed at showing how woman
stands toay idn her co-partnershi
x with man.
Man's World
It was a man's world by defi
nition in the first book of the Bible
President Hatcher explained. Bu
as a final attempt to make the
world livable for man, women
were created, "and they've been
' somewhat of a disruptive force
ever since."
He cited Dora in Henrik Ibsen's
"A ,Doll's House" asnthe great
landmark illustrating the evolution
y of modern women. The Victorian

1-
d
r-
e
a
e
r
I-

Roll'den
Bones!
Nowadays you can't even
shoot pool or dice without
competition from a machine.
Two automatic computing
machines at Willow Run will
demonstrate their skills today
at pastimes heretofore peculiar
to humans, in connection with
meetings here of the Association
for Computing Machinery.
Shooting pool will be the
Michigan Digital Special Auto-
matic Computer-better known
as MIDSAC, while the Michi-
gan Digital Automatic Comput-
er-nicknamed MIDAC, will roll
the bones.

House

Committee

OKs

Foreign

Aid

Pro gram

+ i .. .

I .ke Against
n
pPension for
Alger Hiss
n WASHINGTON (R) - The White
n House said Wednesday. President
e Eisenhower is against paying any
government pension to Alger Hiss,
sformer State Department official
t who was convicted of falsely deny-
ing he gave secret information to
a Communist spy ring.
James C. Hagerty, presidential
press secretary, stated Eisenhow-
er's position on the matter after
commenting on a series of news
stories.
Those stories Tuesday said gen-
erally that the Eisenhower admin-
istration had taken the position
through the Civil Seryice Commis-
sion and the Budget Bureau, the
latter a White House agency, that
the government is obligated to go
through with retirement pay to
federal employes even when they
are imprisoned for criminal acts.
Hiss Eligibility
Hiss will be eligible under pres-
ent law for a pension of $700 a year
at age 62.
As a result of Civil Service Com-
mission and Budget Bureau views
set forth in communications to the
House Civil Service Committee,
Rep. Clardy (R-Mich) declared the
administration attitude "leaves me
aghast, enrated, bdiling mad."
Clardy is author of a bill de-
signed to prevent Hiss from getting
a retirement pension.
Hagerty said he was unable to
understand how anyone could read
the views set forth at the Budget
Bureau and the Civil Service Com-
mission and come to the conclusion
that the administration is opposed
to legislation that would deny Hiss
a pension.
Law Unbelievable
"When I brought these stories to
the attention of the President,"
Hagerty said, "he remarked that'
the existing law seemed unbeliev-
able to one."
Pressed for a specific answer as
to whether the President person-
ally feels that Hiss should not be
paid a pension, Hagerty replied
"yes," that Eisenhower does feel
that way about it.
Hagerty said that in checking
into the background of the news
stories of yesterday, he found that
both the Civil Service Commission
and the Budget Bureau, had "cer-
tain requests from the House Com-
mittee on Post Office and Civil
Service for opinions on bills now
pending before that committee.")
He added:

Honduras Says
Airfi eld Bombed
Government To Make UN Protest;
Arbenz Regime Denies Charges.
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras (P) - Honduras charged Wednesday
night that Guatemalan aircraft bombed a Honduran airfield Tuesday
and said the government is protesting to the United Nations and the
Organization of American States (OAS).
Guatemala denied the charges.
A Guatemalan government radio broadcast heard in neighboring
Central American countries said meanwhile that, "At 'this very mo-
ment, Guatemalan territory is being attacked by air, by land and by
sea."
The Guatemalan broadcast gave no further details of the assault

by
te
Dre
DsMoines!G
G
Still, Fights s
on
bo:
HighWaterfr
bo
DES MOINES (i - Gouged by ta
hammering flood waters, Des pl
Moines' main levees still were th
holding in a touch-and-go battle in
against the mounting pressure of Eq
the Des Mones River Wednesday ch
night. re
"I think we've got a chance to to
lick it," said City Manager Leonard pC
Already 2 feet past the high
mark of 26.5 set in 1947's disastrous
flood, the river plunged toward a cu:
29 to 30-foot crest expected by un
Thursday morning.So
Several thousand workers contin- be
ued a round-the-clock levee fight
to keep the water out of low-lying th
residential districts and the east of7
side business area. The main west
side business area and the chief be
residential districts were notF
threatened. ea
* bo
Flood waters already had cover- inI
ed a large area in the southeast Sa
bottoms. They also had spread outS
over the lowlands where the river wh
enters the city at Des Moines' er
north edge. da
Inside Des Moines, recreational tar
areas and sparsely settled stretches '
of bottomland were under water. go
A dike break, described by an wh
Army engineer as secondary, sent ba
several feet of water into parts of mi
a north central section containing Ca
about 500 residences. the
No loss of life had been reported du
in the Des Moines area as of early
Wednesday night. Just two deaths G
have been reported in the week- con
long floods that have touched near- ing
ly all the north half of Iowa. car
A cheering note was a forecast a
for fair weather through Friday ri
after a week of torrential rains. T.
President Eisenhower messaged su
Gov. W. S. Beardsley his "utmost Sec
sympathy" for Iowa flood victims Ho
and ordered a federal survey of ma
possible emergency disaster fund Am
needs.,n A'

PRESIDENT HATCHER

attitude had ruled that the wo-
man's place was in the home.
Later on women moved out of
the realm of housekeeping through
education, according to the Presi-
dent.
Arguments in attempting to
prove that woman was intellec-
tually equal to man overcame the
traditional attitude that education
makes women restless and unable
to carry out their original pur-
pose, he said.
Coed Education Trends
The former English professor
pointed out two extremes in edu-
cation today. One trend aims to-
ward preparing women for home-
I making with home economics
courses and child phychology while
the other allows them to enter any
' field which interests them.
Objection to the first trend at
the University center around the
argument that such a course close-
ly predetermines the role of wo-
men in the future.
Women in Professions
President Hatcher indicated that
many of the professional fields
:,closed to women in Queen Victor-
ia's time are almost wide open to
' the modern fair sex who have taken
over in many cases with distinc-
tion.
But they must combine this role
with the role of mother, too, the
President said.
When the children grow up, wo-
men no longer must assume the
capacity of a Helen Hokinson her-
oine, he commented, but they may
start a second life in the class-
" room or some other useful occu-
pation.
In conclusion, the President ex-
pressed hope that this evolutionary
trend in the role of women in a
"man's world" is still accelerating
rather than diminishing.
Graduate Enters
Not Guilty Plea
Richard Spero, '54, yesterday en-
tered a not guilty plea before Judge
James R. Breakey in circuit court
on an armed robbery charge.

anti-Communist insurgents
empting to overthrow the left
egime of President Jacobo Ar
uzman.
Bombs Dropped
The Honduran Foreign Min
id several bombs were dro
a the airfield on the tiny vil
San Pedro de Copan, 18 n
om the rebel-invaded Guatem
order.
Subsequent reports said the
ck was made by one or r
anes, which swooped downc
e airfield near the village of
habitants between 1 and 2
ST Tuesday. The mini
iarged they came from the
ction of Guatemnala and retu
that country. No one was
rted injured.
"Unprovoked Aggression,,
The Honduran complaint
[sed the Arbenz regime of'
iqualified' yiolation of Hond
vereignty which could only I
en committed by planes of
uatemalan air force." It tern
e bombing an "unprovoked
aggressions."
The Honduran charge of
mbing at San Pedro followe
oreign Ministry report 24 h
rlier that unidentified planes
mbed the village of Santa R
the same department of Co
;nta Rosa is only six miles f.
n Pedro, and it was not c
hether there had been twos
ate attacks or the report Wed
.y was merely pinpointing
rget of the raiders.
The charges against the Ar
vernment posed the ques
hether Guatemala was slap
ck at Honduras for havingp
itted the exiled rebels under
7los Castillo Armas to lau
eir attack last week from I
ran soil.
Furnishing Bases?
Guatemala last week lodge
mplaint before the OAS ch
Honduras and neighboring
ragua with furnishing bases
gression against Guatemalan t
,ry.
he Arbenz government withd
t charge after getting So
pport for an airing in the U
curity Council in New York.
nduras and Nicaragua have
cnded that the five-nation In1
nerican Peace Committee ofI
S ask Guatemala to proveI
arges.
he Security Council presid
June, Henry Cabot Lodge ,
ef delegate of the United Sta
ned down a second request
aatemala for an emergency m
to l4ear charges that aggri
" was continuing despite
se-fire resolution adopted by
uncil last Sunday.
he U. N. said it had not yet
.ved the Honduran charge of
ack by Guatemala.
eneral Library
ours Announce
The General Library will be or
ing the following hours dur
summer session:
MIonday through Thursday,
. to 9 p.m.: Friday, 8 a.m. t
.; and Saturday 8 a.m to
. The library will be closed St
r5
)ivisional libraries will norm
be open from 8 to 12 a.m. a
o 5 p.m. weekdays, with sp

Eden Hits
U. S. Policy
In Far East
LONDON (ta - Anthony Eden,
in a speech bristling with criticism
of the United States, called
Wednesday on both the free and
Communist worlds to sign an Asian
pact designed to stop the Indo-
china War and guarantee peace
in Southeast Asia.
Foreign Secretary Eden told the
House of Commons he hoped for a
Locarno-type nonaggression agree-
ment as part of a general settle-
ment at Geneva. He said the free
world could still have a proposed
Southeast Asian setup like the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
and the Communists could retain
the Soviet-Chinese mutual defense
treaty.
"I hope we shall be able to agree
to an international guarantee of
any settlement formulated at Gen-
eva," Eden said.
Hits U.S. Policy
Eden's frequent, thinly disguised
slaps at American policy in Indo-
china came on the eve of his de-
parture with Prime M i n i s t e r
Churchill for weekend talks with
President Eisenhower in Washing-
ton. Eden declared:
"My belief is that by refraining
from any precipitate move toward
the formation of a NATO system
in Southeast Asia we have helped
to create thebnecessary conditions
under which both systems can pos-
sibly be brought into being."
Secretary of State Dulles has
favored quick moves to organize a
Southeast Asian military alliance.
Britain has held back, believing
that early action would torpedo any
chance for a settlement in Indo-
china at the Geneva peace confer-
ence.
English Go-Ahead
The Churchill government is now
understood to be ready to commit
itself to go ahead after the Geneva
conference closes.
The Locarno Treaty of 1925 com-t
mitted Britain, Germany, France,I
Belgium and Poland to go to thei
help of any signatories whose soil
might be invaded. Churchill hasI
recently suggested a similar ar-(
rangement between Russia and theE
West for Europe.-
Funeral Services
For Davis Today
Funeral services will be held ats
4 p.m. today for Calvin Davis,t
professor emeritus who died latei
Tuesday after a short illness.-
The 83-year-old professor serv-
ed as secretary of the University
education school during the first«
21 yeas of its existence, from 1921v
to 1941 when he retired from theb
faculty.a
Receiving a bachelor's degreep
from the University in 1895 and
a master's in 1905, Prof. Davis
also attended the University ofg
Chicago and received a PhD fromh
Hatvard in 1910. .
He first joined the University
faculty in 1905 as an instructor in
education and was made a profes-c
sor in 1915. He is the author of sev- l
eral books, including the "History
of the North Central Association l
>f Colleges and Secondary Schools." ,,

-Daily-
CONFERENCE-TIRED VISITORS AND JUST PE
RELAX AT LOCAL NIGHTSPOT
AEC SCIENTISTS:
Report Atom Reacto
Prod uces Cheap Poi
By ALAN SILVER
The design of an atomic power reactor producing pow
ly as conventional methods was reported by two Atomic E
mission scientists at a meeting here yesterday of the Ir
Congress on Nuclear Engineering.
The scientists, Clarke Williams and Francis T. Miles
laboratory at Brookhaven, N.Y., said that it might be pos
dustry to begin construction of the new reactors in fo
years, if the AEC approved an experimental reactor1
test the design.
The proposed power plant, they said, is intended to p
for its own operation, in addition -
to valuable by-products and elec-
tric power. For fuel it would utilizeA gentT
uranium mixed with a liquid metal.
Williams and Miles described
preliminary experiments which in-
dicated that the reactor, in full op- -u
eration, would yield electric power"
at between four and six mils per "Literature for Sale"
kilowatt hour. Orthodox methods topic of literary agen
of power production, such as those kins as she delivers
utilizing coal, average about five lecture of the "Won
mils. World ofoMan" series
The Congress, which is sponsored today in Auditorium,
by a division of the American In- Her talk will center
stitute of Chemical Engineers own experiences as a lit
turns its attention today to the as well as the history
impact of the atomic age on relig- developments in the
ion, health and society. Watkins is the agent of
Social Impact Seager of the Englishc
A series of sessions titled the Miss Watkins' lectu
"Social Impact of Nuclear Energy" listed as part of the Wi
will be held at 9:15 a.m. and 2 p.m. ference. She will deliv
today in Rackham. The meetings address in this confere
are non-technical and open to the row.
public. A third generation Ni
During the morning sessions, Miss Watkins has be
speakers will discuss nuclear ener- for 20 years to the histo
gy in relation to safety and Burlingame. Her soni
health. Stephen Withey of the son represent the fam
University Institute for Social Re- and fifth generation Ne
search is scheduled at 10:25 a.m. According to Miss Wa
to report on "The Impact of Nu- formal education termi
clear Energy on Individuals." Fol- early age" when she
lowing, Elton Trueblood, profes- abroad for two years o:
sor of philosophy at Earlham Col- Much of her time wa
lege, will lecture on "The Impact Germany, France, Ho:
of Nuclear Energy on Religious land and Switzerland.
Thought." The theme of woman:
University President Harlan Hat- of literature will be car
cher will begin the afternoon ses- a General Library exhi
sions with a talk on nuclear en- at the time of Miss Wa
ergy's effects in education. Suc- Arranged by Miss Ella N
ceeding speakers are slated to deal curator of rare books
with military tactics and scientif- men as Authors" disp
ic research as affected by nuclear shown in the library's
energy. corridor.

Ike's
Budget
President's
Words Spur
Group Action
Bill Must Still
Pass Other Tests
WASHINGTON ( - The House
Foreign Affairs Committee late
Friday approved President Eisen-
hower's 3%-billion-dollar foreign
aid p r o g r a m without major
change.
It acted several hours after the
President sent a message' to Con-
gress declaring that any cuts
would be "unjustified and unsafe"
in the light of the threat from
world communism.
Rep. Vorys (R-Ohio) described
the committee's vote "a mark of
confidence" in the President.
The bill still has a long way to
go, however, and Eisenhower ad-
dressed his appeal to the whole
Congress. His message described
the program as a comparatively
cheap bulwark against ' 1e con-
Marj crozier tinued ruthless drive of ( -mmu-
OPLE nist imperialists for world domi-
nation."
Ask 3 Billion
Eisenhower asked for an author-
ization of $3,477,700,000 for the fis-
cal year beginning July 1, plus
or some additional funds for the
o r American share of European mili-
tary work during the two follow-
ing years. He spoke of it in round
UV er numbers as a 3 billion dollar
program.
The committee approved a total
of $3,470,608,000 for the year be-
er as cheap- ginning July 1. In addition it ap-
nergy Com- proved $198,300,000 dollars for the
nternational U. S. share of building European
air fields and military roads dur-
of the AEC ing the proceeding years.
sible for in- It sliced 71/2 million dollars from
,sibl o r n -funds earm arked for defense sup-
ur to seven port to back up military buildups
that would in Europe, putting this sub-total
at $52,500,000. But it added $500,000
roduce fuel for a refugee program, bringing
the net cut to 7 million dollars.
The House may act this week
on the bill, which merely author-
izes a foreign aid ceiling, with the
actual appropriation to be voted
later. The Senate has not taken
it up.
The President's message to the
Capitol noted there already has
twill be the been a 40 per cent reduction in
t Ann Wat- mutual security spending in two
the second years, and added:
an in the "Further reductions in the au-
at 4:15 p.m. thorized program at this time, in
Angell Hall. view of the continuing threat to
around her our national safety, would be un-
erary agent justified and unsafe."
and recent "Recent events in Southeast Asia
field. Miss have created grave uncertainty,"
Prof. Alan he said. "The security of that re-
department. gion !and the interests of the
ire is also United States and its allies there
riters Con- are clearly endangered."
ver another Eisenhower offered two break-
nce tomor- downs on the program, one by
functions and one by geographical
Jew Yorker, areas, of how the foreign aid
en married money would be used.
ian, Roger He said about $2,748,400,000, or
and grand- 79 per cent, would go to programs
lil'sfouththat are essentially military. Of

w Yorkers. this, $1,580,000,000 would be for
atkins, "my mutual defense assistance. Another
nated at an 945 million would -go principally
was taken for supplies and equipment in
f "culture." Southeast Asia.
s spent in By areas, approximately 900 mil-
Iland, Eng-flion would go to Europe, 570 mil-
lion for the Near East, Africa and
in the world South Asia and $1,770,000,000 for
ried out in the Far East and Pacific.
iit running The remainder would be divided
atkins' visit among lesser programs,
M. Hymans,
the "Wo
lay will be Prof. Lapr te
first floor
Made Attache
Prof. Otto Laporte of the physics
department will leave for Japan
« next. October to become the first
r : science attache with the United
States embassy in Tokyo.
His appointment, made by the
t prove a State department, will hold dip-
ionship, he lomatic rank. He will advise the
State department on any matters

REPLACES POOL METHOD:
Army To Send GI's
Abroad As Part of Unit

WASHINGTON (R) - The Army,
giving the loriely GI a break, is
planning to send him overseas as
part of a unit with which he has
trained instead of as an individual
drawn from a replacement pool.
The plan, still in course of de-
velopment, will begin operating
next year. It will be substituted
for an overseas replacement pro-
gram which has been used since
the start of the Korean War.
Probably starting at the platoon
level, about 80 men, it is to be
expanded until battalions, 880men.
and regiments, 3,600 men, move
overseas as units.
Two-Fold Proposed
The purpose is two-fold: to in-
crease over-all omha tfficienev:

contained in an Army announce-
ment on steps being taken to im-.
prove career service. The other
plans already have been announced
and some of them are in operation.
In practice, the replacement pro-
gram will involve some of the pro-
cedure used in the recent return of
two divisions from Korea, the 40th
and 45th. Into those divisions were
put all the men whose overseas
service tours of duty were about
to expire. The divisions then were
brought back to the United States
and men either discharged or as-
signed to stateside outfits.
Under the new replacement plan.
men whose overseas duty tours are
completed would be assnmbled

re- Felheim Award
The $1,000 teaching award which
went to Prof. Marvin Felheim of
the English department was do-
nated by the class of 1923 and
a presented by Charles Odegaard,
Dean of the Literary School.

'CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE:
Neel Comments on Cancer Repo

By RONA FRIEDMAN
"One more link in a chain of
evidence" is how Dr. James V.

Deaths from lung cancer, the re- onstrates but does no
port pointed out from its present cause and effect relat
statistics, were at least three times commented.

I

Pe-

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