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July 23, 1954 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1954-07-23

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McCARTHY V.
McCARTHY
See Page 2

'C

Latest Deadline in the State

a t1

FAIR, PLEASANT

VOL. LXIV, No. 24S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JULY 23, 1954

FOUR PAGES

United States, Britain

Knowland

Seeks

Debate

Agree

To Call Nations

'To

Force

Vote on Atomi(

To SEATO Conference

t

4,

Consultations
Underway
For Meeting
'No Trespassing'
Line Considered
W A _IGTON (-The United
States and Britain have agreed to
join in calling an international con-
ference of about 10 nations by
Sept. 1 to create an anti-Commu-
nist Southeast Asian alliance. Con-
sultations with friendly nations
which may participare are already
beirg held.
The aim of the conference will
be to conclude a defensive treaty
that would post "no trespassing"
warnings for the Communists along
the borders of South Viet Nam,
Laos and Cambodia in Indochina,
and of Thailand and Burma.
The British agreement to hold a
meeting by Sept. 1 apparently rep-
resents a concession on timing by
Foreign Secretary Eden. Earlier
information had been that Eden
believed many months would be re-
quired to work out the proposed
pact.
Secretary of State Dulles had
sought creation of anti-Communist
strength in Southeast Asia is neces-
sary in view of Communist gains
through the Indochina peace settle-
ment reached at Geneva Wednes-
day.
While there was no immediate
official announcement of the
American-British agreement or of
the diplomatic arrangements ql-
ready under way, State Depart-
ment press officer Lincoln White
fully supported information pri-
vately available on the subject
when he met reporters at a news
conference.
He said that consultations wer'e
under way but that details regard-
ing the conference have to be
out.
The exact date and place of the
conference remain to be deter-
mined in talks with the other gov-
ernments which may attend. Con-
sultations with the French regime
of Premier Mendes-France, here-
tofore preoccupied with the Indo-
china peace negotiations, are ex-
pected to begin at once. Some oth-
er friendly governments like Thai-
land, the Philippines, Australia
and New Zealand are alrady def-
initely counted in as a result of
consultations already held.
The British government is sound-
ing out India's Prime Minister
Nehru and leaders of Indonesia,
Ceylon, Burma and Pakistan on
participation. Washington has no
real hope that Nehru, a neutralist
in the cold war, will be willing
to join in, and doubts th wisdom
of including Pakistan, which is re-
garded as mor importantly linked
to Mid-Eastern security through a
Ceylon might cooperate, but no
optimism is felt about Indonesia's
government, which is as neutralist
as that of India.
The status of the Indochina
states of south Viet Nam, Laos and
Cambodia is uncertain. Experts
hre say that under the Geneva
agreement it is unclear whether
these states are free or will con-
sider themselves free to join in
even a defensive alliance. But this
is not considered too grave a prob-
lem since the alliance could be
made to cover them in the same
manner that the Inter-American
defense treaty protection extends
to Greenland and Canada even
though they are not members.
3 Linguistics
Lectures Set

Three more Linguistic Lectures
have been scheduled for the com-
ing week by the University's Lin-
guistic Institute.
On Tuesday, Fred W. House-
holder Jr., professor of classical
studies, Indiana University, will
speak on "Some Locational Sys-
tems" at 7:30 p.m. in the Rack-

Bonn Agent
Disappears
In Berlin
BERLIN () - West Germany's
anti-spy chief, Dr. Otto John, has
disappeared mysteriously in So-
viet-run East Berlin. The Bonn
Interior Minister charged Thurs-
day Communists kidnaped him.
West Berlin police said a note left
behind said he did not want to re-
turn West.
If he was kidnaped, the Com-
munists landed a major prize.
John, 44, headed the Federal Of-
fice for Protection of the Constitu-
tion, which is charged with safe-
guarding the West German repub-
lic against treasonable and subver-
sive activities. The FOPC is com-
parable in many respects to the
Central Inteltigence Agency in the
United States.
Visited U.S.
(In Washington, officials report-
ed John had visited the United
States in June and conferred with
Allen W. Dulles, CIA head. The
visit was described as unofficial.)
As chief of the anti-subversion
office, John has an intimate
knowledge of antisubversive opera-
tions in his own territory and of
West German intelligence sources
in Russian-occupied East Ger-
many.
John has not been seen since he
left his hotel in Allied West Berlin
in a taxi Tuesday evening. Police
said he called a doctor friend and
the two went together to the Soviet
sector.
West Berlin police said John was
suffering "serious mental depres-
sion" recently. They said a note
left behind by John's companion,
Dr. Wolfgang Wohlgemuth, indicat-
ed that John did not want to re-
turn to the West.
The Interior Ministry in Bonn
said "Dr. Wohlgemuth, who is
known as an active Communist,
has probably written the letter in
order to remove suspicion from
himself."
Arrived Last Week
The Ministry said all clues at
present suggest John "is the vic-
tim of a kidnaping in the East
sector."
John arrived in West Berlin with
his wife last week to attend the
10th anniversary observance of the
unsuccessful bomb plot to kill Hit-
ler July 22, 1944,
An airline official in World War
II, he was one of the group which
planned the assassination and only
escaped arrest by flying to Madrid
four days after the plot failed. He
returned to Germany in 1949. His
brother was executed in the Hitler
reprisals against the plotters.
Allied occupation authorities in
Berlin have not officially entered
the case. It would be up to the
Allies to make representations to
the Communists if it is definitely
determined that John was kid-
naped. West Germany has no dip-
lomatic relations with the Russians
or the East German government.
Korea Casualties
WASHINGTON ()-A revised
summary of battle casualties in
Korea yesterday placed the total
number of American dead, wound-
ed and missing at 142067, a de-
crease of 108 since the last Defense
Department report three months
ago.
A Pentagon spokesman explain-
ed that the decrease in the total
had resulted from a continuing
correction of records and the elim-
ination of duplications.

Premier Says
Peace Cruel,
But a Bargain
Poor Negotiation,
Claim Opponents
PARIS ()-Premier Pierre Men-
des-France reported to the Nation-
al Assembly Thursday that the
Indochina peace he negotiated at
Geneva was cruel but that it was
the best bargain to be had and it
ended a nightmare for France.
He was immediately attacked by
Frederic DuPont, a member of
the government of Joseph Laniel
which Mendes-France displaced.
Better Terms?
DuPont accused the Premier of
throwing away advantages in the
Geneva negotiations and implied
that the Laniel government, if al-
lowed to stay in office, could have
had peace and perhaps on better
terms.
Reporting to the National As-
sembly on the Geneva negotiations
after his return Thursday morning,
Mendes-France was received with
a warm welcome by the deputies
including the Communists. The As-
sembly applauded as he mounted
the rostrum, and again after his
45-minute address. He had prom-
ised the Assembly he would resign
unless he succeeded in negotiating
a ceasefire by July 20--a dead-
line he missed by only a few
hours.
Must Reconstruct
The next step, Mendes-France
said, must be to help the recon-
struction of southern Viet Nam
and to put the French economy on
a sound basis.
The Laniel Government, before
going out of office, signed treaties
with Viet Nam and Laos promising
to give them independence. But in
the case of Viet Nam the exact.
extent of that country's autonomy
within the French Union remains
to be negotiated in the form of an
annex to the treaty. In the case
of Laos, the French have retained
control of foreign and military af-
fairs. An independence treaty with
Cambodia has not yet been nego-
tiated, but the French have with-
drawn their troops under a special
military agreement.
DuPont, secretary of state for
the Associated States (of Indo-
china) in the Laniel government,
said the Communists had first
shown real willingness to negotiate
a demarcation line near Hue,
which is between the 16th and 17th
parallels, on June 10 - two days
before Laniel was forced out of
office.
He said Mendes-France started
his negotiations at a "much lower
parallel." A final settlement was
reached on the 17th Parallel after,
Mendes-France said, the Commu-
nists had first proposed to him the
13th Parallel.
In any case, said DuPont, the
agreement to w h i c h Mendes-
France has committed France
means "the abandonmet in three
stages of all of Viet Nam to com-
munism.'
'Ease Occupation'
VIENNA W-Austria asked the
Big Four powers Thursday to get
together and ease occupation con-
trols since they cannot agree on
giving the country its freedom.
The request was presented in
formal notes to Washington, Lon-
don, Paris and Moscow by the Aus-
trian ambassadors in each capital.

Williams Refuses
Comment on Crisis
Says 'Mind Is Clear' but Postpones
Statement on Party Candidate Issue
LANSING ()-Gov. Wiilliams refused yesterday, until after Blair
Moody's funeral, to discuss the crisis in Democratic party circles re-
sulting from Moody's death.
Moody, former U.S. senator, seeking a comeback in a two-man
Democratic primary race, will be buried tomorrow.
Gov. Williams turned aside questions as to whether he would en-
dorse Patrick V. McNamara of Detroit, the other candidate in the
Democratic primary-and likewiset-

1

refused to quiet demands that the
party pick another candidate to
run against McNamara.
Statement Soon
At his morning press conference,
Gov. Williams declined, saying,
"My mind is clear but I want to
be able to give you newsmen the
answers to the questions I know
you have." He indicated he would
make a statement 'soon.
At his afternoon press confer-
ence, Gov. Williams issued a brief
typewritten statement. It said:
"This is a period of deep sorrow
and spiritual crisis for the Demo-
cratic party. It is not a moment
for making decisions and state-
ments as to our future course.
"Personally, my feeling of grief,
over the loss of a beloved friend
leaves little room for any other
thoughts at the moment. I am can-
celling all public engagements for
the next few days.
To Pay Respects
"Today I will go to Detroit to
pay my respects to Blair Moody.
"I will join with the people of
Detroit and Michigan tomorrow
(Friday) in paying public tribute
to his memory at the Detroit City
Hall. And, of course, I will be pres-
ent at the funeral.
"Meanwhile, there will be no
statements from me concerning
the party's future course. When
we have time to recover a little
from this shock, we can take up
those matters."
Moody's body will lie in state
in the Detroit City Hall from 10
a.m. to 6 p.m. Friday. Funeral
services will be held at 11 a.m.
tomorrow at the Hamilton Funer-
al Home in Detroit and burial will
follow at Woodlawn Cemetery.
Soviet Trends
To Be Studied
At Meetings
"Soviet Economic Trends" will
set the theme at the University
Tuesday and Thursday for two
seminars and one round-table dis-
cussion.
Part of the University Special
Program in Russian Studies, the
discussion will be addressed by
Abram Bergson, professor of eco-
nomics, Columbia University Rus-
sian Institute.
General topic for the entire pro-
gram is the current trends in So-
viet society, with special reference
to developments since Stalin's
death.
Professor Bergson will lead the
two seminars at 3 p.m. Tuesday
and Thursday in Room 407, Ma-
son Hall. The round-table dis-
cussion, also on Tuesday, is sched-
uled for 8 p.m. in the West Con-
ference Room of the Rackham
Building.

McNamara
Seeks Unity
Within Party
DETROIT U)- Patrick V. Mc-
Namara, left alone in the field for
the Democratic nomination for
United States Senator by the death
of Blair Moody, said yesterday he
hopes to solidify all party factions
behind himself after Moody's fu-
neral tomorrow.
McNamara. an AFL leader, said
that after the funeral he intends
to say to Gus Scholle, president
of the State CIO Council, Demo-
cratic State Chairman Neil Staeb-
ler, Gov. G. Mennen Williams and
other party leaders:
United Party
"What do you say to us all trying
to work to get all Democrats to-
gether in a united party drive to
defeat Senator Ferguson? Isn't this
an opportunity to wipe out the last
vestiges of factionalism in the par-
ty by joining hands?"
Scholle indicated he would wel-
come such an overture. Before
Moody's sudden death of virus
pneumonia Tuesday, Scholle had
said: "We are not fighting Pat
McNamara. We are not against
McNamara. It is merely that we
are for Moody." On the other hand
however, McNamara had been
critical of CIO leaders, Staebler
and Williams, accusing them of
"hand-picking" Moody to oppose
the Republican incumbent Fergu-
son.
Gov. Williams has been silent,
but his executive secretary, Law-
rence L. Farrell said Thursday:
"Gov. Williams, McNamara and
McNamara's band will march to-
gether, leading the Democrats to
victory in November."
Close Offices
All City Hall offices in Detroit
will close today in tribute to Moody.
The former senator's body will lie
in state at the City Hall from
10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
The City Council yesterday mem-
orialized Moody in a resolution
citing his career both as a news-
paperman and a senator. He was
cited for "fidelity to public trust,
integrity and lifetime fight for
good government."
Detroit's City Hall was the scene
of some of Moody's first newspaper
work-as a reporter for the De-
troit News.
Pallbearers
Former associates in the news-
paper world will be Moody's pall
bearers at his funeral at 11 a.m. at
the William R. Hamilton chapel
and Woodlawn cemetery.
The Rev. John B. Forsythe of
Bushnell Congregational Church
will officiate at the rites,
The pall bearers will be Charles
Lucy of the Scripps-Howard Wash-
inton bureau, as representative for
the Gridiron and National Press
Clubs, and the Detroit News' Fred
Gaertner, Jr., Russell Barnes, Rob-
ert S. Ball Arthur Hathaway and
Harry LeDuc.1
Moody will be buried beside the
body of his father.

-Daily-Marge Crozier
AUTHOR-Katherine Anne Porter, short story writer and visit-
ing lecturer, delivered an address entitled "A Defense of Circe"
yesterday afternoon at Rackham. After the lecture Miss Por-
ter was honored at an informal dinner at the Michigan Union.
Group Backing Flanders
In McCarthy Censure

WASHINGTON (R)-Public rela-
tions counsel for 23 prominent cit-
izens announced Thursday the
group is telegraphing Senate mem-
bers urging them to support a pro-
posed resolution of censure against
Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis).
The telegrams endorsed a cen-
sure resolution proposed by Sen.
Flanders (R-Vt) as a move "to
curb the flagrant abuse of power
by Sen. McCarthy."
. Signers Listed
Among the announced signers
are Paul G. Hoffman, former for-
eign aid administrator; Lewis W.
Douglas, former ambassador to
Britain and former budget direc-
tor; Will Clayton, a former under-
secretary of state, and other na-
tionally known figures.
Hoffman was a prominent mem-
ber of the Citizens-for-Eisenhower
Committee in 1952. Douglas also
supported Eisenhower in the pres-
idential campaign that year. Both
men had previously held high posi-
tions in the Democratic adminis-
trations of f o r m e r President
Truman.
William Frye, public relations
counsel for the group, announced
the telegrams were being sent to
"most Senate members." They said
in part:
'Y . ....s . .. '.t

this issue that the Senate of the
United States is prepared to as-
sume responsibility and deal reso-
lutely with an abuse of power or
contempt of its traditions, within
its own ranks, which threatens the
ordely and equitable processes of
our constitutional system.
Michigan Fund
Nets $109,984
Alumni and friends of the Uni-
versity have contributed more than
$100,000 to the first appeal of the
Michigan Alumni Fund, it was an-
nounced today.
James K. Miller, fund manager,
reported that some 6,500 subscrip-
tions to the new annual giving pro-
gram totaled $109,984.71.
The fund, which ended its first
annual appeal June 30, is an acti-
vity of the University's Develop-
ment Council which raises funds
from private sources to finance
special educational and research
projects.
Miller said the income from the
fund would be used for the follow-
ing purposes:
$35,000 for the Stellfeld Musico-
logy Collection, acquisition of which
was announced yesterday by the
University; $15,000 for grants-in-aid'
to students; $15,000 for scholar-
ships; $15,000 for faculty research
equipment; and the balance of
$30,000 for specially designated
projects.
R MINDS:

Limit
Issue
Foes of Bill
Win in Early
Power Vote
Critics Label It
A 'Gigantic' Gift
WASHINGTON (Friday) ()-Ma-
jority Leader Knowland (R-Calif)
early Friday filed a petition for
cloture, to limit debate and force
a vote on the atomic legislation
as the Senate neared its 39th hour
in continuous session.
The drastic move requires votes
of 64 senators to be effective,
It came after Knowland had ef-
fectively employed another sel-
dom-used " tactic - tabling an
amendment or killing it without
debate.
Before offering the cloture peti-
tion, Knowland made a final at-
tempt to limit debate on the bill
and all amendments, holding out
an offer to "recess until noon" to
let weary senators get some sleep.
Sends Petition
When this was rejected Know-
land then sent forward the cloture
petition. Reading of the signatures
on it indicated most of the Re-
publicans had backed the effort,
But to be effective, a large num-
ber of Democrats also must vote
for it to produce the necessary 64
and that appeared uncertain.
Earlier, foes of the Eisenhower
atomic energy bill won an upset
victory at the marathon session as
the chamber voted 45-41 to author-
ize the federal government pro-
duction of atomic power.
The vote came after critics had
hammered away on the thesis that
provisions of the Eisenhower bill
for permitting private industry into
the atomic power field amounted
to a "gigantic give-away." Sen.
Gore (D-Tenn) said the bill would
"furnish wheelbarrows" to private
companies to cart away vast na-
tional resources.
In vain, administration backers
declared that the Atomic Energy
Commission has no desire to get
into the commercial power field.
The Senate voted to authorize the
AEC and some other federal agen-
cies to build atomic plants capa-
ble of producing commercial quant
tities of power.
At 10 p.m. the Senate had been
m continuous session for 35 hours
with foes of the administration's
bill to rewrite atomic laws showing
no signs of wearing out. Majority
Leader Knowland of California
took tentative steps toward invok-
ing the debate-limitation rule to
break "this full-fledged filibuster."
The senate adopted another of
some 40 amendments to the atomic
bill at 7:47 p.m. after Knowland
had withdrawn a quorum call.
The amendment was accepted by
voice vote after its author, Sen.
Humphrey (D-Minn), modified it,
The proposal would assure that
utilities, both public and private,
must be given ample notice if a
nuclear power station is to be
built in their area.
Knowland said as the evening
wore on that he "absolutely" still
intended to keep the Senate in con-
tinuous session until the whole bill

was acted upon.
40 Amendments
The victory over the administra-
tion leadership on the power
amendment resulted from a lineup
of 38 Democrats, 1 independent,
(Morse of Oregon). and 6 Repub-
licans: Case and Mundt of South
Dakota, Langer and Young of
North Dakota, Dworshak of Idaho
and Cooper of Kentucky.
On the losing side were 35 Re-
publicans and 6 Democrats: Burke
of Ohio, Ervin of North Carolina,
Frear of Delaware, Holland and
Smathers of Florida, and Kennedy
of Massachusetts.
Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) floor
manager for the bill, told the Sen-
ate the administration doesn't want
the AEC in the commercial power
field, nor does the AEC itself want
to get in it.
Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo)
sponsored the amendment author-
izing AEC to get into the field. It
provides for giving preference to

I

Integrity at Stake'
"The issues posed by McCarthy-
ism override all considerations of
party advantage or expediency. At
stake are the integrity, dignity and
authority of our highest legislative
body ...
"We urge you and your col-
leagues to show by your vote on
THEY CHANGED THEI

I

A ir Force Surplus Silver
Turns Brass Faces Red

ONLY $3,029,000,000:
Government Deficit Drops: Ike Pleased

SHELBY, Ohio (') - High Air
Force brass were asking some em-
barrassing qu e s t ion s Thurs-
day about how tons of silver and
silver plated emblems and decora-
tions were put up for auction.
Until the questions are answered,
the Air Force is holding up con-
firmation of the sales, Chances are
good the Air Force will end up
still ownng the emblems and dec-
orations.

Other sources said the total
would be about 52 tons.
Auctioning of the decorations
and emblems is being investigated
by the Air Material Command
headquarters at Wright-Paterson
Air Force Base near Dayon, Ohio.
There Col. J. B. Cross issued a
statement that began:
"The Air Force is conducting a
thorough investigation at the Wil-
kins Air Force depot into the cir-
cumstances which resulted in offer-
ing for sale a large quantity of sil-

WASHINGTON (R)-President Ei-
senhower announced Thursday,
with considerable pride, that the
federal government's deficit on
June 30 was $3,029,000,000, or $245,a

"1. We have made possible a
program of tax cuts totalling 7%
billion dollars.
"2. We have halted inflation. The
purchasing power of the dollar has

1 -4,0- nsn.,,1n a evnvr7irrv --

while chopped spendng, mainly na-
tional security outlays a little more !
than enough to fit the shrinkage of Indict 'Dute]
its purse, by some 3/% %billionI
lars less than the January esti- For Per iirv

[i anOffered as Brass
The items were offered as brass
at Wednesday's auction at Wilkins

I

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