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June 26, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-06-26

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LOCAL POLIO FACILITIES
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FAIR AND LESS HUMID

VOL. LXIII, No. 11S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1953

FOUR PAGES.

Nehru Asks
UN Meeting
About Korea
U.S. Meets Rhee,
Discusses Truce
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.-OP)
-Prime Minister Nehru of India
yesterday called for a full meet-
ing of the UN General Assemb
very soon to deal with Korea and
President Syngman Rhee, but ran
into firm opposition from the
United States.
Nehru's call was cabled from
Cairo to Canadian Foreign Secre-
tary Lester B. Pearson, president
of the 60-nation Assembly.
INFORMED OF this unexpected
turn on the Korean muddle, U. S.
Chief Delegate Henry Cabot
Lodge Jr., said:
"Frankly, I can not imagine
anything which would more
surely prejudice the efforts now
being made to bring about an
armistice."
Meanwhile in Korea, President
Eisenhower's special emissary and
defiant President Syngman Rhee
met Thursday in a fateful session
that could determine whether a
truce will be achieved in Korea.
* * *
WALTER S. Robertson, assist-
ant secretary of state for Far East-
ern affairs, delivered to the dough-
ty, 78-year-old chief executive an
urgent secret message from the
U. S. Administration.
Rhee showed little sign of
ending his strong opposition to
an armistice, telling 500,000
cheering South Koreans at a
Seoul rally yesterday that they
must be ready to fight to the
death if a truce on present terms
is signed.
He is demanding unification of
Korea or continued warfare.
Robertson also brought a secret
note for Rhee from Secretary of
State Dulles.
Mum on the contents of his
messages, he told newsmen on his
arrival he was seeking "to achieve
not only peace with honor-but also
a free, united, independent Korea."
Rhee told the cheering Seoul
rally Thursday "we will have to
face death" if the armistice, which
almost reached the signing stage
last week, is accepted.
Citizens Seek
Resuscitator
Ann Arbor citizens made strong
appeals to the local board of Su-
pervisors for the purchase of a new
r-esuscitator for Washtenaw coun-
ty yesterday.
The requests reached a climax as
a result of the drowning of an Ann
" Arbor youngster in the Huron riv-
er last week.
Neighbors of the boy stated that
his life might have been saved had
there been no delay in getting a
resuscitator to the scene. Others
report that the delay was no long-
er than the usual time needed to
transport the machine to the site
of an accident.
Commenting on the present sys-
tem of handling drownings, Sher-
iff John L. Osborn reports that
the city resuscitator is kept at St.
Joseph's Mercy Hospital, and sent
for in an emergency. The reason
for storing it at the hospital is
because trained men are present
who will accompany the machine

t. and police to the scene of an ac-
cident.
Power Bill
Debate Looms
WASHINGTON-(P)-The Sen-
ate did initial work yesterday on
the Interior Department money
bill-but postponed until today
what may develop into a major
debate on federal power policies.
Sen. Magnuson (D-Wash.) said
he and several other senators ex-
pected to have "something to say"
on broad policy questions relating
to sale of power generated at gov-
ernment dams.
In one major decision yester-
day on the $451,256,940 bill recom-
mended by the Appropriations
Commitee, the Senate refused to
whittle funds for reclamation
construction by 12 million dollars.
"rh lCnnfn rim nnnrnvo nn If

Reds Attack UN Fronts
In Furious New Assault

Congressmen Request
New Air Force Contract
WASHINGTON - P) - Three Michigan Congress members, in-
cluding the state's two Republican senators, yesterday urged the Air
Force to negotiate a new "fixed price" contract for producing aircraft
at the big Willow Run plant near Detroit.
Senators Ferguson and Potter and Rep. Meader, all Republicans,
asked Secretary of the Air Force Talbott to sign a contract with Henry
J. Kaiser or some other producer.
* * * *
AIR FORCE contracts with Kaiser interests for building cargo-

-Daily-Lon Qui

FIRE COLLEGE EASILY OVERCOMES EXPERIMENTAL BLAZE

* * *

Firemen Subdue Blaze in Seconds

Firemen from the 25th annual
Fire College meeting at the Uni-
versity, demonstrating a new type
of low pressure fire fighting fog,
subdued with incredible speed a
test fire in a modest frame house
on Hill Street late yesterday after-
noon.
Although the first floor of the
house was engulfed in flames and
the downstair temperature was
more than 1400 degrees, firemen
extinguished the blaze in 67 sec-
onds using 65 gallons of water.
* * *
IN THE ONE hour demonstra-
tion, four test fires were lit. Three
of them were small fires, one each
r
Heavy Rains
Strike State
By The Associated Press
Heavy wind and rain storms
struck lower Michigan yesterday
afternoon and brought temporary
relief from torrid summer temper-
atures and humidity.
Rain storms struck the Ann Ar-
bor area at 4:15 p.m. and de-
luged it with water. Trees and
power lines were blown down in
Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti.
Winds reached gusts of 75 miles
an hour at Willow Run Airport.
Planes were grounded until the
storm passed.
The Whitmore Lake area, ten
miles north of Ann Arbor, was also
hit by strong winds ranging from
50 to 70 miles an hour.
Michigan Bell, Detroit Edison
and Consumers Power all reported
trouble with fallen transmission
lines.
The storm moved into Detroit
from the West causing tornado
fright and extensive fire damage.
At 11 p.m. last night, the storm
was reported moving over Pitts-
burgh, Pa.

in the kitchen, living room and
dining room. In a blaze of glory
all three rooms were relit together
for the final demonstration.
The four fires together were
quenched with 107 gallons of
water. Emmett Cox, director of
the demonstration said "at con-
servative estimate" more than
5,000 gallons would have been
necessary using the familiar di-
rect stream methods.
Cox emphasized the significance
of the small amount of water used.
"Most rural departments are vol-
unteer organizations with trucks
carrying an average of 450 gal-
lons," he said. "The tremendous
value of a means of fighting fire
with small amounts .of water is
evident."
* * *
FOUR THERMOCOUPLES plac-
eo inside at strategic places allow-
ed the firemen to record the in-
side temperature. The tempera-
ture of the first fire, which was
in the kitchen and kindled by
crates stacked onnthe floor rose
Williams To Talk
To Defense Group
LANSING - (A)-- Gov. Wil-
liams will be the principal speaker
at a state-wide civil defense and
disaster conference at 2 p m. to-
morrow in the I.M.A. auditorium
at Flint.
Rescue and relief operations in
the Flint tornado will be analyzed
and criticized.
Twelve hundred representatives
of industries, public utilities, leg-
islators, mayors, county supervi-
sors and civil defense officials will
attend.
Their questions will be answered
by a panel of experts.
Brig. Gen. Lester J. Maitland
will present the plan for communi-
ties desiring a plan for the pro-
tection and defense of the civilian
population.

to 600 degrees in two minutes and
45 seconds. The blaze was quench-
ed in 11 seconds and with four
gallons of water.
The experiment was repeated
in the dining and living rooms.
Observers could hear glass
breaking as shelves dropped
their contents and the heat rose,
but these fires were also quickly
quenched.
Firemen then set afire all three
rooms, and let the fire reach the
second floor before they attacked
the building from both front and
back using the fog equipment.
* * *
THE FOG system sends the
water out in a fine spray which
World News
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Justice
Department said yesterday Atty.
Gen. Brownell will make a major
policy statement on anti-trust
prosecutions today.
* .' *
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia -
President Tito received Adlai
Stevenson, the U. S. Democratic
leader, yesterday on the Island
of Brioni in the Adriatic.
A terse official announcement of
the meeting said only that Tito
had a long talk with Stevenson in!
the presence of Joze Villan, sec-
retary general of the Yugoslav
government.
*' * *
WASHINGTON - Chairman1
Gordon Dean of the Atomic En-
ergy Commission said yesterday
that if Premier Malenkov of Rus-I
sia knew the atomic strength of
the United States he would never
start a war.
Dean sounded this note in a
farewell news conference before
his retirement on June 30.
He told reporters, in answer to
questions, that he didn't think the
precise number of bombs in the!
American stockpile need be dis-
closed.
WASHINGTON - President
Eisenhower yesterday signed the
administration bill granting up
to one million tons of wheat to
Pakistan to help avert famine.
* * *
NAIROB, Kenya-Kenya's se-
curity forces reported yesterday
the killing of 31 more Mau Mau
terrorists.
* * *
KALAMAZOO-President Paul
V. Sangren of Western Michigan
College told summer school stu-
dents today that one reason for an
acute shortage of teachers in
Michigan and other states "is the
attack on the schools as an area
of subversive propaganda."
WASHINGTON - Dr. Arthur
S. Flemming, president of Ohio ,
Wesleyan University, was sworn
in yesterday as defense mobilizer
at a White House ceremony.
* * *
LANSING-Secretary of State
Owen J. Cleary yesterday propos-
ed a method under which all
Michigan communities could ob-
tain voting machines.-
Cleary said two companies which,

on contact with the fire' creates
about 226 cubic of steam for every
gallon of water. This expansion
forces the heat and gases out and
at the same time extinguishes the
flames by cutting off the oxygen
supply.
About 500 Ann Arbor fire zeal-
ots watched a technique of fire-
fighting that is expected to ap-
preciably reduce Michigan's an-
nual fire loses, placed at about
$37,000,000 last year.
The Fire College will end today
with a final set of lectures in the
morning and a banquet at which
certificates will be handed out.
Over 500 men were registeredI
for this year's Fire College.
East German;
Head. Fights
To Save Job
BERLIN-(3)-East Germany's
Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl,
reported on the Soviet purge list
because of the worker rebellion in
his puppet state, heaped most of
the blame yesterday on his under-
lings-the "little gods" in the Red
offices of town and county.
In an apparently frantic fight
to stay in office, the Communist
Premier stumped through the in-
dustrial centers of the Soviet-oc-
cupied zone to try to patch togeth-
er the shattered remains of hisI
government's prestige, saved now
only by Soviet martial law. '
THE WEST Berlin newspaper,
Der Abend, predicted that Grotew-!
ohl would be replaced by Hermann
Kastner, a former chairman of the
Liberal Democratic party - but
only after the two million workers
who revolted throughout the East
Zone last week have been cowed
sufficiently to permit the lifting of
martial law.
Trying to shift the blame to
local bosses for the ruinous up-
rising, Grotewohl claimed 90 per
cent of those who have fled Red
persecution in East Germany
would return
In an attempt to show they are
winning the workers' favor, the
Communist party bosses decided to
try a somewhat risky experiment,
today.
They invited workers from three
big East Berlin boroughs to a
public rally in support of the new
program.

transport planes at Willow Run wer
* * *4
KF Workers
Await News
Of. Contracts
Tension caused by the uncer-
tainty of continued employment'
was countered by scattered opti-
mism among employes at the Wil-
low Run Kaiser Motors plant yes-
terday, as a result of the com-
pany's broken aircraft contracts
by the Air Force.
Involving more than 12,000j
workers, a possible lay-off hinges
entirely on Henry J. Kaiser's dis-
cussion with government and Air
Force officials being held in Wash-
ington now.
* * *
ACCORDING to an Ypsilanti
spokesman for Local 142, Kaiser
Motors union in Wayne and Wash-
tenaw counties, laborers have re-
ceived no word of possible term-
ination of plant contracts with
the Air Force other than through
the newspapers, and that until
Kaiser sends official word, no
drastic action is being taken by
the unions.
However, a mass meeting is
being called for Sunday at
which the union members will
discuss plans for immediate ac-
tion. An employe in the air-
craft division said that the
"whole security" of laborers at
the plant is at stake, and that
"black looks are being cast at
the Republicans."
To add to the threat of mass
unemployment, 2,200 employes in
the automotive division are vic-
tims of a lay-off starting today.
Optimism still ruled where they
were concerned, and they were
assured of finding employment in
near-by Wayne county automotive
factories. Some of them will
automatically be absorbed in the
aircraft industry.
Meanwhile, restaurant and
drive-in owners along the Michi-
gan Expressway between Ypsilanti
and the Willow Run plant looked
gloomily ahead to a possible end
of their businesses if the plant
does reduce production to the
manufacture of automobiles.
Willow Villagers remarked that,
although the announcement of
mass lay-off was a political blow,
it will "all blow over." They seem
to be confident that Kaiser Mo-
tors will be given other aircraft
contracts, and that production will
continue along present lines with-
out any serious mishaps. So far,
only a few scattered workers have
resigned their positions at Kaiser
to look for employment elsewhere.

re cancelled Wednesday.
> The decision to cancel was
described by theAir Force as
"completely independent" of
current Senate hearings at
which it has been testified that
it cost $1,347,000 to build a C-
119 "Flying Boxcar" at Willow
Run, compared with $265,000
charged by the Fairchild Air-
craft Company at Hagerstown,
Md.
The three Michigan legislators
made public a letter to Talbott in
which they noted that 12,0001
trained workers are available at
Willow Run, in addition to tools
and plant facilities. They said
shifting the contract elsewhere
might result in "wasteful cost of
duplicate facilities." .
Sec. Talbott, in a telegram to
Gov. Williams of Michigan and
Edyard F. Cote, director of the
Kaiser department of the United
Automobile Workers (CIO), said:
"The air force regrets that in
its judgment it is necessary to ter-'
ininate the contract for air craft
production at Willow Run. It will
take some time to complete the
planes now in final stages of as-
sembly. There may be a short pe-
riod of shut down while the Air
Force and Kaiser representatives
work out details for an efficient
termination procedure.
"I regret exceedingly the unem-
ployment this action may cause in
the Detroit area but I am most
hopeful that termination proce-
dure may be accomplished grad-
ually so as to permit individual
employes to find substitute em-
ployment in other Detroit indus-
N vew Secret
Weapons Told
WASHINGTON-(P)-An arse-
nal of new Army weapons was
disclosed yesterday, including a
powerful tank-killer gun called
"The Bat" and shells to give the
atomic canon greater range.
Taken aback by the disclosures
about weapons it considered se-
cret, the Army started an informal
inquiry to find out how the care-
fully guarded details strayed into
the official, published transcript
of hearings before a House appro-
priations subcommittee.
The Defense Department, which
a few weeks ago had issued a
crackdown order on accidental
leaks of secrets, apparently was
waiting to hear what Army off i-
cials learned about the matter.
There was no disposition by
Army officials to place responsi-
bility on the House subcommittee.
It was explained that the Army
itself assumes the responsibility
for advising a committee of what
testimony should be eliminated.

Battle Begins
Fourth Year
Of Fighting
Tosns Hit
UN and ROKs
-SEOUL - () - More than 13,-
000 Chinese Reds hit the Western
and Eastern Korean Fronts early
yesterday and, in both sectors,
furious fighting raged unabated
after daybreak.
The assaults by some 10,000
Communists on one of the old in-
vasion routes to Seoul in the west
and some 3,000 Chinese in the
east opened the fourth year of the
Korean War.
U.S. EIGHTH Army headquar-
ters reported that South Korean
troops west of Yonchon, 40 miles
north of Seoul, inflicted an esti-
mated 3,700 casualties on. the
Reds up until 7 a.m.
Front-line dispatches said the
South Koreans yielded some
ground during the night but had
launched counter-attacks. Al.
lied fighter-bombers. streaked to
the battlefield after daylight in
hazy weather.
Korean officers estimated the
Chinese fired aboutr50,000 rounds
of artillery and mortar shells be-
fore smashing into eight positions
in the Little Nori and Old Baldy
sector.
* * *
ALLIED FLARES flooded the
battlefield in brilliant light.
Another 3,000 Chinese struck
ROK positions on the East-
Central Front where the Com-
munists broke through last week
and a made a two-mile dent in
the Allied line. Fighting was
continuing there with unabating
fury at last report.
The Chinese centered their at-
tacks on ROK troops while a truce
crisis was rounding out in Seoul
with a meeting between President
Eisenhower's special envoy and
President Syngman Rhee, who has
defied United Nations truce plans.
The attacks on the key Western
sector, which guards the roads to
Seoul, broke a three-week lull in
that area.
House To View
Profit Tax Bill
WASHINGTON --() - The
Eisenhower administration won a
major test yesterday when the
House Rules Committee, yielding
to White House pleas, voted to
clear an excess profits tax exten-
sion bill for debate on the House
floor.
Simultaneously, the rules com-
mittee voted to kill Reed's own
bill calling for a 10 per cent slash
in individual income taxes strat-
ing July 1.
THAT MARKED a second tri-
umph for the Eisenhower admin-
istration. The President has said
repeatedly that taxes should not
be cut until a balanced budget is
in sight.
On the vote dealing with the
excess profits tax, members said
the voting generally followed
party lines, with Democrats los-
ing.
The rules committee vote came
after a dramatic, three-hour de-
bate in' which Reed and other

members of his committee protest-
ed that constitutional legislative
proceduces were being "des-
troyed."
4 * *
DECISION was by voice vote,
members of the rules group re-
ported.
Speaker Martin (R-Mass) said
the bill will not be called up in
the House before next Monday.
He said he would be willing to
wait a few days longer if the ways
and means committee would clear
a bill of its own or show an inch-
n~atinnv, to n snvr

Cartoonist Retains
Fancy for Orient

By BECKY CONRAD
In 1934, China was the "last
outpost of fantasy."
Consequently, when young car-
toonist Milton Caniff wanted to
begin a new comic strip, he chose
China as background for his char-
acter Terry of pirate fame.
* * *
"NEVER HAVING been to the
Orient and knowing nothing of
China, I hot-footed it to the pub-
liq library to read up on the sub-
ject," he explained.
"As the strip progressed and
caught on to the public fancy
it got pretty inconvenient trot-
ting over to the library all the
time. So I started to build up
an extensive collection of books
and pictorial files for my pri-
vate use."
Caniff visited the campus yes-
terday in conjunction with the
University-sponsored program on
Popular Arts in America.
WHEN THE cartoonist decided
to branch out on his own in 1947
because the Chicago Tribune
owned the rights to Terry and

the West instead of forces for
I Formosa."
Commenting on the life and
hard times of a cartoonist, Caniff
said, "Success doesn't come over-
night. Blondie limped. along for
five or six years before she and
Dagwood finally got married. Now
Chic Young's dizzie blond draws
the highest circulation among all
newspaper cartoons."
* * *
CANIFF'S, circulation of Steve
Canyon covers 350 papers in eight
languages. He draws Sunday col-
or panels eight weeks in advance
and daily black and white car-
toons nearly four weeks before
they are due to be published. This
is to provide for the translation
and circulation to papers all over
the world.
Scandinavian countries are
especially fond of American
comics, he said. "During the
German occupation of Denmark,
I once showed Japanese, Ger-
man and Italian soldiers riding
in a car in China. A guerrilla
blew up the automobile. When
theGemancwho haudn't both-.

ENTERS FOURTH DAY:
Garbag Battle Near End
By PAT ROELOFS council proposed site for a gar- min-ridden insect-stricken areas.
For the fourth consecutive day bage disposal fill in the Univer- "They are only better than eye-
the battle over a proposed Ann sity Botanical Gardens located in sores and pestilent areas, but not
Arbor garbage disposal site has the southwest section of Ann Ar- good enough," he concluded.
raged. bor, a. group of Seventh Warders .
New evidence that there is a led by Prof. Joiner of the law Yesterday city aldermen Rus-
solution to the problem of dis- school faculty pointed out that: sell J. Burns and John S. Dob-
posal has been presented by, two First, the proposed site for a son along with City Council
local reporters who journeyed to fill, the Botanical Gardens area, President George W. Sallade
Jackson, Michigan and observed is not an eyesore or a source of visited the same Jackson fills as
newly inaugurated fills there. pestilence, and therefore there part of their observation project
* * *would be no advantage in using it of various types of garbage dis-
AFTER TALKING to Jackson! for a garbage disposal site. posal. According to Burns, the
city officials and families living' Secondly, the picked site cannot Jackson fill is not satisfactory,
near the sanitary fills which made be filled and completed in six I and is not the kind of fill local
rilC }l t. .-'i.tnf f u7a:Vt4 imothc.bu wuld acodia It councilmen had in mind for the

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