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August 07, 1953 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1953-08-07

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PARADOX OF
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See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

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THUNDERSHOWERS

THUNDESHOWER

VOL. LXHI, No. 34-S
Progress To Date
Reviewed by Ike
Declares Dispite Unsolved Problems
He will Adhere Firmly to Goals
WASHINGTON - (A) - President Eisenhower reported to the
people last night the administration is adhering firmly to the goals
it set six months ago although it has not yet "conquered all the prob-
lems of our nation."
The chief executive spoke to the people over all radio networks, to
take a look with them at the record of the past six months.
* * * *
AS HE analyzed things:
"The future, both immediate and distant, remains full of trial
',and hazard.F

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 7, 1953

FOUR PAGES "

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Rhee-Dulles
'Talks May
End In Pact
By the Associated Press
Secretary of State Dulles calle
on President Syngman Rhee la
night for a third meeting whic
may wind up their current discu
sions of post-armistice problem
A mutual security pact appa
ently was ready for signing. O
the agenda was the explosive ques
tion of unification for Korea.
- * -
DULLES WAS accompanied bc
other high State Department offi
cials who came here with him fro
Washington.
: .t was the last conference
schedjled, although Dulles said
he might see Rhee a fourth time
before he departs for home to-
morrow.
Dulles still has to give Rhee hi
views on the all-important ques
tion of unification of North an
South Korea and the strategy the
two nations will follow at th,
forthcoming political conferenc
on Korea.
" s * *
SOUTH KOREAN governmen
sdurces said both these matter
S we're touched on in the conversa
tions yesterday and appear to b
the principal topics left to b
thrashed out, ..
Dulles said the meeting was
devoted largely to discussion of
economic aid planned by the
United States to rebuild South
Korea.
The other major objective o
Dulles' mission-to negotiatef
security treaty between the Unite(
States and South Korea-seeme
near settlement.
s s
^ SUBORDINATES of Dulles an
Rhee on a special committee re-
porped their work nearly finishe
and the pact could be concludec
before Dulles and his party leave
The treaty, which must be ap-
proved by the United States
Senate, would commit the Unit-
ed States to come to the aid of
South Korea in the event of a
new Communist attack.
On the question of unification,
Dulles has repeatedly emphasized
that the United States would work
with South Korea to achieve it by
"peaceful means."
Desertions Up
As E. Germans
QuestFood
BERLIN-(MP)-Communism took
a new beating from defiant East
Germans yesterday.
The Red blockade of free Amer-
ican food in West Berlin was
breached by 60,000 from five Rus-
sian-occupied provinces and 70,000
from East Berlin and its suburbs.
DESERTIONS from the Soviet
L" zone army and people's. police set
arecord-51 in a single day-and
the total for the year rose to 2,606.
Communist Premier Otto
Grotewohl assigned a flabby
deputy premier, Christian Dem-
ocrat Otto Nuschke tc take on
the odium of announcing his
government's refusal of a chance
to buy emergency food in the
United States with $1,400,000 of
its funds now frozen in Ameri-

can banks.
"No self-respecting state can
accept the insult which the United}
States insinuates in saying that the

"The end of our staggering
economic burden is not yet in
sight.
"The end of the peril to peace is
not clearly in view."
But he said there is in sight a
firm and binding purpose guiding
all objectives and deeds.
,. * *
"THIS PURPOSE," the Presi-
dent said, "is to serve and to
strengthen our people, all our peo-
ple, in faith in freedom and in
* * *

Ike Vetoes
Movie Ticket
Tax Repeal
Suggests Overall
Cut in January
WASHINGTON -- () - Presi-
dent Eisenhower yesterday vetoed
a bill to repeal the 20 per cent
federal tax on movie tickets, but
promised to ask Congress for a re-
duction in the admissions levy next
January.
* * *
THE President's action blasted
the hopes of film industry officials
who had contended that if the
movie tax were allowed to die-as
approved by Congress-it would
save about 5,000 theaters a year
from going out of business.
Movie spokesmen generally
blamed the swift growth of tele-
vision for distress in their in-
dustry.
The President's veto narked the
first time he has refused to ap-
prove a major piece of legislation.
Declaring that the repeal mea-
ure would cost the U.S. Treasury
at least 100 million dollars a year,
Eisenhower said in "memorandum
of disapproval";
"WE CANNOT afford the loss of
revenue, and it is unfair to single
out one industry for tax relief at
this time."
The President also noted that
even if he signed the repeal bill
into law, many movie patrons gen-
erally would not benefit through
lower admission prices through the
tax cut-off.
Many theater executives had al-
ready indicated they planned to
hike admission prices to the pres-
ent admission-plus-tax level - if
Eisenhower signed the bill. They
said this would save them from
,ruin.
Skipper Cited
For Disaster
WASHINGTON-(P-The Coast
Guard yesterday blamed a vet-
eran Great Lakes skipper for the
sinking of his ore carrier last May
during a violent storm on Lake
Superior.
CoastGuard officials said steps
will be taken to strip Capt. Albert
Stiglin, of Vermillion, O. of his
license.
According to authorities, a
report on the sinking, compiled
by a Coast Guard board of in-
quiry, will be forwarded to the
Justice Department" as the re-.
port contains evidence of prob-.
able criminal liability on thet
part of the master of the Henry1
Steinbrenner."t
Seventeen crewmembers lostt
their lives when the Steinbrennerc
floundered May 11 off Passage Is-
land in Lake Superior.
Guard vessels and other freight-r
ers.
Williams Asks 1
SeawaySupport
SEATTLE-(P)-Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams, Michigan Democrat,
made a bid for the support of the
national governors' conference for I
the St. Lawrence Seaway and pow- v
er development yesterday. o
He told the governors the na- o
tional administration is "strongly b
behind this program, as it has b
been every year for 20 years." C
Williams said Canada is fullyw

prepared to go ahead with the pro- a
posed project in short order and,
as a matter of good neighborness Z
and national self interest, "we h
hould join hands in this project." t

Nearing Agreement

Reds Exchange
100 Allied POWs
Ninety GIs Scheduled for Release;
Freed Americans Appear Healthy
By The Associated Press
In a smooth operation that clicked along well ahead of schedule,
the Communists yesterday handed over 100 Allied Prisoners of war,
including 25 Americans and 25 British, in 24 minutes.
The other 50 were South Koreans.
THEY WERE the vanguard of 400 prisoners promised in today's
return, including 90 Americans, 25 British, 35 Turks, 12 Filipinos, 7
Ifolombians and 250 Sduth Koreans.
The Americans and British appeared to be in good shape, in
contrast with the wretched condition of many returned on the

* * *

*

UN Guards
Quell Koje
Is land Riots

first two days of the big Koreas
armistice POW exchange.
They waved and smiled from
the trucks that carried them to
Panmunjom from the north. They
shouted greetings to correspond-
ents as the trucks ground to a
halt. The men answered with
rousing "Heres" as their names
were called. Many jumped, grin-
ning, to the ground.

RHEE SEEMS HAPPY-South Korean President Syngman Rhee (second from right) seems elated
about something at his Seoul residence as he met with Walter Robertson (left), an assistant sec-

retary of state; U. S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, and
representative to the UN assembly.

Henry Cabot Lodge (right), U. S.

PRESIDENT EISENHOWER
... spoke to the nation last night
* * *
quest of peace; and to strengthen
all other peoples who share with
us that faith and that quest."
Eisenhower ticked off a dozen
actions of Congress and said they
seem bewildering at first glance.
Yet, he said, they have been
the result of exhaustive work
and careful planning in accord-
ance with a clearly defined pur-
pose.
Eisenhower said it was sense
and honesty which dictated a de-1
lay in the lowering or removing
taxes in a critical time of transi-
tion. He said the revenue was es-
sential "if the tide of debt is to be
turned."
"WE DID not delay," he said, "in
cutting deep into governmental ex-
penditures."
He said the administration isf
striving to bring the budget un-
der control, because every fam-
ily in the land is vitally affected
by the budgets' influence on theE
buying power of -the dollar.
In the field of foreign relations,
Eisenhower said that the Korean
truce has produced "two precious
victories."
* * *
FIRST, he said, it has been
shown that the free world can andn
will meet aggression in Asia-"orn
anywhere in the world."n
Second, he said, we' have wone
the chance to show that free
people can build in peace ast
boldly as they fight in war.
Eisenhowerwent back to the b
State of the Union message he de-
livered to Congress six months ago p
to describe the major purposes of p
his administration and then to re- a
port, as he sees it, what is being a
done to carry out these purposes. s

Go All Out
If, Armistice'
Fails -- Clark'
WASHINGTON - (P) - Gen.
Mark W. Clark said yesterday that
if the Communists break the truce
in Korea he would favor using
"any and every weapon" in the
nation's arsenal to strike back at
them.
Clark did not specifically men-
tion atomic weapons, but presum-
ably his words would cover such
weapons.
* * *
THE FOUR-STAR general, soon
to retire as supreme Allied com-
mander in the Far East, made the
statement at a Pentagon news
conference.
Clark expressed neither exal-
tation for the truce he signed
nor much beyond a glimmer of
hope for the recovery of all Al-
lied prisoners who fell into en-
emy hands during the 37-month
Korean War.
He said he had been "directed"
to get and sign an armistice. As
for POW's he expressed belief that
the Reds hold 2,000 or 3.000 more
Americans and "thousands upon
thousands" more South Koreans
than the Communists agreed to ex-
change under the truce terms.
SPEAKING with disciplined
military restraint, the 57-year-old
veteran of both world wars had
this to say about any renewal of
hostilities:
"If the enemy breaks the ar-I
mistice, he might not find him-
self fighting under restrictions
imposed upon the United Nations
command in the past."
This was a reference to high-
evel restrictions designed to pre-
vent the Korean War from devel-
oping into World War III. Among
other things, Allied planes were
barred from striking at enemy
bases across the Korean border in
Chinese Manchuria and Allied
warships were not used to block-
ade Red China.
Clark said he plans to return to
Tokyo in a few days to wind up
is command before retiring from
he Army at the end of October.

Cold History
ATLANTA - (A) - Plans for
a multimillion-dollar national
historical shrine to be erected
on Pine Mountain ncar the late
President Roosevelt's vacation
retreat at Warm Springs, Ga.,
were announced last night,
The announcement came
from harles F. Palmer of Atlan-
ta, organizer and chairman of
the Hall of Our History, Inc., a
non-profit co-educational .cor-
poration organized in 1952.
Palmer said the fabulous
granite memorial, on which will
be inscribed the chronological
history of the United States,
would cost between 25 and 40
million dollars.
Gaston Given
Research Post
A former chief of the Univer-
ity's Veterans Administration
guidance center, Hugh P. Gaston,
has been appointed a senior staff
associate of Science Research As-
sociates, one of the nation's larg-
est publishers of guidance and
testing materials. -
Gaston, who has served on the
staff of SRA the past two years,
will supervise distribution in three
states, Michigan, Indiana, and 11-
linois.
Gaston receive dhis master's de-
gree from the University. Fie has
acted as counselor for the Kellogg
Foundation and has developed
special counseling projects for the
Detroit Board of Education.

Hope Wanes
For Airmen
Lost at Sea
LONDON - (R) - Time was
running short yesterday for 14
American airmen missing in the
storm-lashed North Atlantic since
their 10-engine reconnaissance
bomber crashed before dawn Wed-
nesday.
Hopes for their survival dimmed
among sea and air searchers.
FOUR of the giant craft's 23
crewmen have been found alive
by ships directed to the area of
the crash 500 miles south of Ice-
land and 300 to 500 miles west
of Ireland.
The bodies of five others were
recovered from windswept waves
that reached 15 feet in height.
The survivors and the recovered
bodies were being carried back to
British ports.
The 180-ton RB36-sister to the
atom bomb carrying B36-was on
a training flight to England from
Travis Field, Calif., when it was
fatally crippled by an engine fire.
SEARCHING U.S. Air Force
planes - 25 in number from Brit-
ish bases - brave foul weather to
criss-cross a 200-mile area at low
level in quest of survivors.
Hopes that the missing airmen
could survive another night in the
icy sea dimmed, even though they
may be afloat on one-man din-
ghies, rafts or in 32-foot lifeboats
dropped by the rescue crafts.

KOJE ISLAND, Korea - (AP) -
United Nations guards quelled with
rifle fire and gas three riots by 12,-
000 North Korean prisoners who
demonstrated Wednesday as their
compounds were being emptied for
the big armistice exchange.
The UN Prisoner of War Com-
mand said yesterday one prisoner
had been killed and four had been
killed and four had been wounded.
NONE of the Allied guards was
injured.
There were three "eve of free-
dom" riots in the North Korean
'compounds on this big prisoner is-
land off Southeast Korea, the POW
Command said.
The casualties all came in the
first, which was put down with
rifle fire and tear and vomiting
gas. Guards quelled the other
two demonstrations with gas
alone.
Chanting, screaming North Ko-
reans threw rocks and barricaded
themselves in their compounds. In
one case they attacked a UN guard
with a board.
County To Get
Resuscitator v
Although it remains uncertain
as to who will supply Washtenaw
County with an additional resus-
citator has netted over $1,000.
to be used in water mishaps was
assured the local area yesterday.
David W. Killins, who has been
spearheading a drive to raise funds
to buy the machines, made the an-
nouncement and at the same time
discussed the possibility of two
groups furnishing the resuscitators
-the Board of Supervisors or pri-
vate individuals.
*~ * *
KILLINS SAID his fund raising
campaign to purchase a resus-
citator has netter over $1,000.
However, its continuation will de-
pend on decisions reached by the
Board of Supervisors Tuesday at
their August meeting.
According to Killins the county
is in a more advantageous posi-
tion to furnish the machines than
private citizens since it is able to
administer the resuscitator service
more readily.
If the Board decides to purchase
the machines the money previous-
ly collected will be returned to con-

1
r
i
t

PVT. EDWARD R. Achee of De-
troit was the first American in the
group.
The first 100 men came back
to freedom wearing faded blue
prisoner garb. There were no
bright new clothes such as had
been issued to the first Allied
prisoners exchanged Tuesday.
The South Koreans did not show
the same alacrity and spirit as
the Americans and British. The
gaunt faces and emaciated frames
Ronald D. Underly of Kalama-
zoo and Edward R. Achee of
Detroit were the only State pris-
oners of war in yesterday's ex-
change.

National Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Marine Corps announced yesterday that
it is planning to stretch out the tour of duty for -its men in Korea, in
view of the truce, from 11 to 14 months.
Gen. Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. corps commandant, said in a
statement, by about March, 1954, it is anticipated that most Marines
will be serving on 14 months tour in Korea.
A 16 months tour may finally be established if necessary, he said.
The Army has also announced it will lengthen its tour of duty

of some told of malnutrition. Some
wore dirty gauze masks, the sign
of tuberculosis. One was suffer-
ing from influenza.
* * *
MANY HAD TO be helped from
the trucks.
One South Korean muttered a
few sullen words to a nearby Red
Korean officer before he was help-
ed away.
As the freed Allied prisoners
moved along to the comforts
awaiting them, long lines of
Chinese and Korean Red pris-
oners were going back to their
Communist homelands.
Prisoners returned to the Allies
Side in the past two days told of
torture and mistreatment by their
red captors.
WITH THE RETURN of Fri
day's 300, the Reds will have given
back 1,192 of the nearly 13,000
Allied prisoners they said they
hold. A total of 221 of the 3,313
Americans named on- the Com-
munist list will have returned.
With yesterday's scheduled
turnover of 2,752 North Korean
and Chinese war prisoners at
Panmunjom, the Allies will have
returned a total of more than
8,000 of the approximately 74,-
000 Red prisoners held in UN
camps.
A story of fire and ice torture
,by his North Korean captors was
told by Lt. Col. Thomas D. Har-
rison, a jet fighter-bomber pilot,
of ,Clovis, N. M.
HARRISON, second cousin of
Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, the
,senior Allied armistice negotiator,
hobbled across the freedom line
at Panmunjom on crutches,..minus
his left leg. He lost the leg as the
result of injuries when his plane
was knocked down by Red anti-
aircraft fire May 21, 1951.
Lt. Samuel E. Massinberg, a
B29 co-pilot from Detroit, said "I
understand communism now - I
hate it more" as the result of his
treatment by the Reds. He bailed
out of his plane after it was down-
ed by a Red MIG jet last Jan. 11.
Staebler Suffers
InjuryIn Austria
INNSBRUCK, Austria -- Neil
Staebler of Ann Arbor, chairman of
the Michigan Democratic State
Central Committee, was recovering
yesterday from a fracture of his
left ankle suffered on the Nord-
kette Mountain, according to the
United Press.
First reports of the Innsbruck
mountain rescue said Staebler's
injuries were "serious" but officials
of the Innsbruck Hospital said
yesterday that his condition is "ex-
cellent."

READY-MADE DREAMS:
Art Seen Representative of Wishes

By GAYLE GREENE to the defense of the right, ac-
The truly pop.ular artist pro- cording to Rosenberg.
vides the public with ready-made As "an apprentice in the guild
dreams, according to Milton Ros- of tight lipped, human punching
enberg, instructor in the psychol- bags; including Kerry Drake and
ogy department. Sam Spade, Kirby answers the
Just as the individual's dreams reader's wish for punishment."
may be examined to ie' a pictur * * *

I

of repressed wishes, so the contents
of popular art may be symbolically
reduced and translated to give a
picture of the unconscious life of
the mass of individuals who make
popular art popular, he explained.
* *i *
~ VT' A, Tm , . ... -

and loving, he pointed out. "Be-
hind our response to thv tender
realists is the unspoken (and part-
ly unconscious) conviction that
"things ain't what- they used to
be."
* * *
THE APPEAL of the Rockwell-
Dohanos theme testifys, according
to Rosenberg, to the persistence of
real feelings of social isolation
and rootlessness in many modern
Americans.
A full length cartoon of near
Ci'}+al Ni-Al,_ ,, s i+A - 6

c
t
t
Y
. y
f
s
.

in Korea to 16 months.
HAGERSTOWN, Md. - Rep.
Clare E. Hoffman (R-Mich.)
comes up for a long-delayed tri-
al in City Court here today on
a charge of exceeding 50 miles
per hour in his automobile on
route 40 east of the city.
The 77-year-old congressman
was arrested April 2 by State
Police, but at the time he in-
voked his Congressional immu-
nity and the hearing which had
been set for April was dropped.
MILAUKEE - Delegates to the
54th national encampment of the
veterans of foreign wars yesterday
overrode committee recommenda-
tions on three main resolutions:
The encampment urged state-
hood for Alaska and Hawaii, fa-
vored making ex-presidents ex-of-
ficio members of the Senate and
supported a house resolution which
seeks to create a committee to in-
vestigate atrocities in Korea.
** *
LOS ANGELES - Crooner Dick
swas rrQ -i vj-,s , all

By BECKY CONRAD
The secret of Gandhi's magnetic
personality lay not in the power of
action behind him, but in his char-
acter, according to Prof. Amiya
Chakravarty, visiting professor of
English from India.
Speaking last night to the Stu-
dent Religious Association and the
Committee for Student Fellowship
of Reconciliation, Prof. Chakra-
varty explained Gandhi's was a
character "built up by a man who
puts one brick on top of another
to create an astounding structure."
* * *
THE INDIAN professor noted
Gandhi started with very little in
the way of physical assets and con-
structed a very powerful inner

tion of a lifetime," the professor
indicated.
GANDHI succeeded in quieting
the expressions of mob violence in
India "because he was willing to
suffer with both sides," according
to Prof. Chakravarty.
Contrary to certain sociologi-
cal principles, Gandhi felt the
crowd doesn't behave according
to the lowest common denomi-
nator, but depends on the qual-
ities of leadership, the profes-
sor continued.
He stopped leading when some-
thing was wrong, "unlike a dic-
tator who is expected to be infal-
lible." he noted.
"The Indian people soon realized

Gandhi Character, Source
Of Power -- Chakravarty

ROSENBERG pointed out that
we all feel vaguely, but deeply,
some guilt. "As we identify with
Rip Kirby the punishment we
vicariously receive is sufficient to
make us feel less guilty," he ex-
plained.

C

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