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July 30, 1953 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1953-07-30

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PAGE rotor

4#

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

TkILUI.'LS.A)Y, JULY o4, 195,3

... .... . . .. . ....

POVERTY IN THE OIL LAND:

U'

Awaits

Prof. Shafaq Discusses Iran, Red Threat

By GAYLE GREENE
The Red threat in Iran would be
eliminated if a solution to the
country's economic and social di-
lemmas were found," according to
visiting Prof. S. R. Shafaq of the
Near Eastern studies department.
In discussing the strength of
Communist infiltration in his oil
rich homeland, Prof. Shafaq point-
ed out that the pro-communist
Tudeh party gets its main force
from the general discontent and
need for social and economic re-
form.
Theoretical Communism is re-
stricted to a much smaller num-
ber who skillfully exploit grum-
bling stomachs and the aftermath
of two world wars, Prof. Shafaq
explained.
* * *
A RECENT Eisenhower commu-
nication to Iranian Premier Mos-
sadegh warned the aged leader
that the United States looks with
disfavor on his coddling the Com-
munists.
According to Prof. Shafaq,
however, the Red danger has
two strong enemies in Iran--
Muslim religion and the fact
that the people know Commu-
nism means terror and murder.
A faculty member of the Uni-
versity of Tehran, Prof. Shafaq has
served on both the upper .and
lower houses of Iran's Parliament
and is a member of the United
Nations Subcommittee on Human
Rights.
He served as an Iranian dele-
gate to the San Francisco Con-
ference in 1945 and a year lat-
er attended the MoscowCon-
ference and sat behind Stalin at
a private film showing of the
Russian army's invasion of Ber-
lin while Stalin laughed and
shouted "Heil Hitler" as the
Fuhrer's face flashed upon the
screen.
Prof. Shafaq vividly described
his terror at finding himself lost
in the winding corridors of. the
Kremlin.
"IRAN IS AT a crisis, living for
the present on tax revenue and
customs duties, cutting down ex-
Sen. McCarthy
Cals Armistice
Great Defeat
WASHINGTON-(P)-Sen. Mc-
Carthy , (R-Wis.) said yesterday
"We suffered a great defeat in
Korea but I don't think you can
lay the defeat at Eisenhower's
door."
He made the statement at a
question-answer meeting with
about 90 youths of the American
Legion Boy's Nation citizenship
project, and said it was his first
public statement of reaction to
the truce in Korea.
* * *
CONCERNING the decision to
reach an armistice, McCarthy
said:
"I don't know what dictated
Eisenhower's thinking. He per-
haps weighed the amount of
blood, agony, tears necessary at
that late date to win, and con-
cluded the price was too high."
McCarthy said that under
the Truman administration "The
young men in Korea were fighting
a war they were not allowed to
win."

poverty, according to Prof. Sha-
faq is the seven Year' develop-
ment plan prepared by the U.S.
Overseas Consultants, Inc.
The plan calls for developing
resources-making Iran less de-
pendent on oil income. We are an
agricultural country and could
produce more than we need, he
said.
* * *
AS FOR the Anglo-Iranian oil
dispute-"I hope Britain will con-
sider our difficulties and come to
better terms," he said, adding "I
don't think compromise is impos-
sible."
Iranians don't recognize the
oil agreement they say Britain
"imposed on them in 1933" and
reason thus that British de-
mands fo losses of income they
will suffer by nationalization up
to the year 1993 are unjustified.
Being on the short side of the
foreign money exchange is an-
other drawback," Prof. Shafaq
pointed out. The country lacks
both dollars and pounds and it is
only through Point Four aid that
the 1400 Iranian students now stu-
dying in the United States get dol-
lars for Iranian currency.

-Dally-Lon Qui
PROF. S. R. SHAFAQ
...lost in the Kremlin,
G *
penses to keep from falling to
pieces," Prof. Shafaq said.
The professor feels prosperity
is a possibility of the future-
but such hopes are undermined
by the standstill over the oil
I dispute. One answer to Iran's

National Thought Suppression;
Results In Book Censorship

Television
Expansion
University television is expected
to expand within the next few
years from its present cramped
quarters where a closed circuit
sends shows no further than the
receiving set in the next room, to
a full scale TV station sending
out daily programs that will reach
more than 50 percent of the
State's population.
The University has already ap-
plied to the Federal Communica-
tions Commission for Channel 26,
an ultra high frequency channel
which has been set aside by the
FCC as an educational station.
* *
AS A PART of the University's
summer construction program, the
offices of an old funeral home on
Maynard Street are being remod-
eled to fit the TV needs. The stu-
dios are now located in a few
classrooms in the basement of An-
gell Hall.
The project should be com-
pleted in time for the TV offices
to take over the new quarters at
the beginning of the new semes-
ter but the 42 by 44 foot studio
will not be ready for use until
November.
A total of $100,000 has been al-
located for the entire remodeling
job which will also include dress-
ing rooms, control rooms and an
observation gallery.
* * *
THE REGENTS have given the
go ahead signal to draw plans for
a 1,000 foot transmitter to be built
at a future date on the North
Campus, but funds for this $351,-
000 project have not yet been pro-
vided.
When completed the. transmit-
ter will have a telecasting rad-
ius of 49 miles and will reach
about 56 percent of the State's
residents.
Plans for future transmission,
according to Prof. R. Garrison,
director of University television
operations, include educational as
well as entertainment programs for
both children and adults.
** *
$69,000 HAS been appropriated
for kinescope and other TV equip-
ment. The University plans to send
kinescope films of their shows out
to other stations in the state even
before the regular station goes in-
to operation.
In speaking of the eventual aims
of the program, Prof. Garrison
said, "It is anticipated that the
University will become an active
production center for program ser-
ies to be distributed nationally to
other non-commercial television
stations on an informal basis."

PluT

J E

BACK IN CO M PET IT IO N - Chicagoan john c:
Binkowsk, 1952 crocheting winner at Illinois State Fair, works on
an intricate 72 by 104.inch tablecloth, his entry in the 1953 Fair.

NEWS

By BECKY CONRAD

THERE

Obscenity censorship campaigns censorshi
arise out of "a national tendency but in th
toward suppression of opinion and' ties of th
thought which is prevalent after upon th
wars," Freeman Lewis, executive is fit to r
vice-president of a paper bound fanaticc
book firm, said yesterday. don't rea
These drives are viruleift among "Nor
uneducated sections of the popu- in favor
lation, he explained. but ever
the cas
THEY ARE waged by people dealers
backed by, sectarian dogma or swampe
those who believe adolescents easier t
shouldn't be exposed to the facts so tolera
of life, the publishing executive The rea
declared. way to us
Sometimes the drives are car- they exis
ried on because "it is politically the basis
convenient to be 'agin sin'" as while it i
witnessed by last year's Gath- for censo
ings committee, Lewis said. parts ofs
Censors can impose a moral and text.
intellectual sterility on the coun-
try if not fought by the intelligent ON C
book reader, he declared. covers, L
They can always be beaten if company
the reader does not accept dicta- lover in
tion--if, as Lewis insists, no cen- contents
sor has the right to take the place that the
of parental guidance,." is their s
* * * "It's lik
I'VE NEVER yet seen it effec- service ca
tive, the publisher explained, once ously stro
you can arouse the intelligent pub- ecutive p
lic to awareness of what's going on.
Most censorship cases never.,I
get to court, he commented. In-
stead, censors use a boycotting
activity in order to bypass due
process of law. In the past this THE I
has been a most effective cen- state Bu
sorship method. hold its
If, according to Lewis, a book a.m. toda
has enough merit for a publisher Hall for a
to defend it, the book is almost Tax-Its
never declared obscene. Theory"

EFORE, the problem of
ip lies not in the courts
he hands of local minori-
he population who take it
emselves to judge what
ead, Lewis said. The most
censors are those who
ad much themselves.
respectable publisher is
r of obscenity, he said,
ry one would like to get
e to court for trial." Yet
and sellers are so
d with books they find it
o handle fewer titles and
ate such campaigns.
al problem is to find some
se the laws of the land as
st. Federal law rules onj
of the book as a whole
s common in lower courts
rship to be considered on
a book taken out of con-
* * *
ONTROVERSIAL book
ewis commented that his
attempts to choose a
good taste to reveal the
of a book. He explained
paper-bound book cover
ole means of advertising.
ke selling books in a self-
afeteria against tremend-
ong competition," the ex-
ointed out.

M A K 1 NG H I S PI T C H -Francis Stanislaw declaims
from Shakespeare's "A Winter's Tale" in Ludgate Gardens, Lon-
don, while organizing a petition for a London Shakespeare theater.

s

LEADI NG,]OCKEY
-Apprentice jockey Tony De-
Spirito, 17, of Lawrence, Mass.,'
turned out to be the-hottest
thing in a saddle as he led naw
'tion's jockeys in winner's circle.;

R E L I GIONaON THE RIVER -- Floating church built on an old barge and seating
120, moves up and down Elbe River near Hamburg. Germany, for boatmen's' religious services.

Events Today

NSTITUTE on the new
siness Receipts Tax will
first meeting at 10:30
ay in Rackham Lecture
"Basic Discussion of the
Basis and Economic
by Alan Gornick; Tax

v

HE SAID Gen. James A. Van
Fleet, former 8th Army command-
er in Korea, himself told a Sen-
ate committee before the truce
that "All we need are the orders
to win and we can win it."
Fungi Arrive
Safely at MSC
EAST LANSING - (A?) - Five
pounds of mushrooms, picked at
dawn Tuesday in Germany, arriv-
ed safely yesterday at Michigan
State College.
Dr. Eugene Lucas, professor of
horticulture at the college, hopes
these mushrooms will end his de-
pendence on Europe for shipments
of this particular variety of the
fungus.
THE MUSHROOMS are import-
ant because there's a chemical in
this particular species-Dr. Lucas
won't name the variety-that in-
hibits the growth of malignant
tumors.
"The chemical has been def-
initely shown to inhibit the
growth of tumors in animals,"
Lucas said, "so we are interested
in continuing the experiments."
Previously he had to depend on
shipments of dried mushrooms
from Europe. He hopes to develop
a home-grown supply because of
the uncertainty of the European
political situation.

CG To Show
ComedyToday
An English comedy about an
island overflowing with whiskey
and an American western 'decor-
ate the Cinema Guild marquee this
weekend.
Opening tonight and continu-
ing tomorrow night is J. Arthur
Rank's production of "Tight Lit-
tle Island," starring Basil Radford
and Joan Greenwood.
* * *
THE FILM is about the island
of Todday with its forlorn inhab-
itants whose liquor ration has been
depleted. Due to a shipwreck how-
ever, the supply is replenished and
a celebration begins. Showings are
at 6:30, 8:00 and 9:30 p.m. eachl
d y.
"Arizona," one of Hollywood's
finer epics of the west, is being
featured Saturday and Sunday
night.

Counsel and Director of Tax Af-
fairs for the Ford Motor Company.
Other sessions in the Rackham
Lecture Hall include talks by Prof.
William J. Pierce of the Law
School-Computation of the. Tax
Base: Intrastate Transactions, at
31 a.m.; Prof. Paul G. Kauper and
Prof. Sampel D. Estep, both of the
Law School-Interstate Transac-
tions Covered by the Tax, at 2
p.m.; and Calrence Lock, Deputy
Commissioner of the Michigan De-
partment of Revenue-Adminis-
tration of the Tax as it Affects
Your Clients, at 4 p.m.
* *
A FLIGHT INTO the realm of
"Science Fiction" will be taken
when University faculty members
and a University graduate discuss
the newest literary fad at 4:15 p.m.
today in Auditorium A, Angell
Hall.
The panel discussion is tenth in
a series of lectures presented as
part of the summer symposium on
"Popular Arts in America."
Participants will include Prof.
Otto Laporte of the physics de-

partment; Prof. Leo Goldberg,
chairman of the astronomy de-
partment: Prof. Arthur Carr of the
English department and Dean Mc-
Laughlin, '53.
Lectures are open to the public
without charge.
S* *
THE INTERNATIONAL Center
will hold its regular weekly gar-
den tea from 4:30 to 5:30 today
on the lawn of the Madelon Pound
House, 1024 Hill Street.
State Commission
Maiy Be Abolished
LANSING - (A) - The Citizens
Research Council reported yester-
day that a new attempt will be
made next year to abolish the
State Safety Commission.
* * *
ATTEMPTS TO abolish the
safety agency failed in past years.
The council also said the "Lit-
tle Hoover" group will sponsor
legislation to authorize an "in-
terim controller" to help each
incoming administration to for-
mulate its first budget.
This would mean when a new'
governor took office Jan. 1 he
would not have to hand the legis-
lature a budget prepared by his
predecessor.

GOL F QUEEN-Mrs.
Jacqueline Pung, of Honolulu,
throws a kiss to Portland, Ore.,
gallery after beating Shirley
McFedters for U. S. women's
amateur golf title in August.

C'

K E .E P I N C I N T R I M - Mrs. Emma Mulholland, 77, of AlbanyN. Y., bowls with a liveliness
younger devotees of the sport might envy. She has a l50pluo average for 36 years' play.

CHERCHEZ LA FEMME:
Prospect of Short Skirts Opposed

Christian Dior will have a hard
time selling his new fashion trends
in Ann Arbor.
Drastically shortening skirts to
barely below the knees brought
many repercussions among the
townspeople yesterday.
Even the wolves remarked, "I
think it's a crazy idea!"
*M *x *I
A MAN reported that he likes
them just where they are now.
"And I certainly don't want to
buy my wife new clothes."

many women "don't look well'
when the calves of their legs show.
A WOMAN headed for Paris
said, "I personally don't care for
them," while the man escorting
her replied, "As long as the skirts
don't go above the knees, I think
it is Okay."
Members of both sexes ex-
pressed doubt that the fashion
trend would he accepted. A wo-
man felt that they would not
go up over night. "But with a

not consider wearing a skirt that
was "almost down to my ankle."
A graduate student admitting
he held a "rather extreme view"
stated, "I think women are like
cows. They are here for one pur-
pose, to show off their calves.
I'm for raising the skirt length
above the knees."
On the American fashion de-
signing scene in New York, the
prospect of knee length female at-
tire was met with sounds of hor-
ror.

.xh .

.m

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