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July 23, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-07-23

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STEVENSON
FOR PRESIDENT
f cee Page 4

iYe

Latest Deadline in the State

Dadit

CLOUDY AND WARM

VOL. LXII, No. 191 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1952

EIGHT PAGES

Breakdown Seen

In Korean

Talks

Reds Charge Deceit by U.S. As
Five Minute Session Takes Place.
MUNSAN, Korea-(P)-Bitter charges and counter-charges on
the heels of a brief meeting indicated yesterday Korean truce talks
may be headed for another break-down.
Nevertheless another executive session was scheduled for last
night.

I
x
,
r
._
.
,
*.

NEGOTIATORS MET for only five minutes yesterday. It was the
shortest of 15 closed meetings on the deadloeked issue of war prisoner
exchange. It brought to 37 minutes the total meeting time in the Pan-
munjom conference tent for the first three days this week,
" Charges of insincerity came
outside the conference tent.
Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols,
in a final statement as United Na-
tions command briefing officer
here, said the Communist "basic
o R es m e stock in trade is deceit, deceptipn
and distortion. Every time we
1 * _yielded on a point in hopes of
Prei ers lip reaching an armistice, the Reds
made additional demands."
Red China's Peiping radio said,
TEHRAN, Iran, VP) - Dr. Mo- "American speeches and actions
hammed Mossadegh won a legal outside the conference tent plus
victory over Britain and a politi- the long drawn out negotiations
all point ominously to lack of sin-
cal victory over his Iranian foes cerity by the American delegates
yesterday. to settle the prisoner of war ques-
After a week-end of strikes, tion on a fair and reasonable
riots and bloodshed, the lower basis."
house of Parliament voted 61-0 The prisoner question is the sole
for the emotional archpriest, of major block to a truce.
Iranian Nationalism to resume the E n h
Premiership he resigned in a huff front yesterday a tragic stream of
last Wednesday* wounded Allied soldiers down a
shadowed, shell-blasted valley
AT THE SAME TIME, the In- served as an indication of the
ternational Court of Justice at the price in the continuing battle for
Hague upheld 9-5 Mossadegh's a strategic hill-Old Baldy.e
contention that the court lacked Old Baldy, west of Chorwon
jurisdiction to rule on Britain's Old Baldythestof Chorson
suit over nationalization of the on one of the historic invasion
Anglo-Iranian Oil Company's Ira- units of the U. s. 45th Division
nian properties. Britain wanted last month. The Chinese Beds
compensation and damages. A last Thursday night began de-
British judge voted with the ma- termined attacks to regain it.
jority. In the see-saw battle that fol-
The dissenting opinion in- lowed the crest traded hands sev-
included the judge representing eral times, the Chinese storming
the United States. to the top Tuesday only seven
hours after Allied troops captured
The exit from the Premiership it behind a massive artillery bar-
Monday of Ahmed Qavam, advo- rage.

Steel Strike
Halts Shell .
Production
Army Closes
Largest Plant
WASHINGTON - (P) - The
Army yesterday announced the
complete shutdown of its largest
shell-making plant because of a
lack of steel.
It is the Chevrolet plant at St.
Louis, operated by the Chevrolet
Division of General. Motors. It
produced about half the. Army's
output of 105-millimeter artillery
projectiles.
* * *
THE PLANT employed 2,600
workers. At the beginning of the
steel strike, it had on hand metal
sufficient for 20 working days.
This supply was stretched out by
giving employes vacations and cur-
tailing plant operations.
Meanwhile steel industry lead-
ers and the striking men in the
mills both sat by, apparently
leaving it to the White House
to get them back around the
bargaining table.,
Some sources think the drama-
tic and unprecedented appearance
of four industry executives before
a session of the United Stel
Workers (CIO) Monday may pro-
vide a springboard for new nego-
tiations.
* * ,e
IN WASHINGTON, Presidential
Assistant John R. Steelman con-
tinued telephone conversations
with both sides.
Speculation arose that Steel-
man may be appealing for an-
other try, in Washington meet-
ings at a peace settlement in
the 51-day-old strike. The walk-
out has idled more than 1,500,000
workers and hobbled the Na-
tion's economy.
The next series of talks will have
to regain some lost ground before
nearing a settlement. Union lead-
ers Monday went back to their
original demand for a full union
shop. That would make union
membership compulsory.

R

LLY

BEHI

D

STEVE

So

E

Poll Shows
'U' Faculty
LikesAdlai
Results of a Daily Presidential
preference poll taken prior to the
Republican Convention indicate
that University faculty members
would like to join the national
draft-Stevenson movement.
More than half of the 200-odd
faculty members who answered
questionnaires picked the so-far
noncommittal governor of Illinois
as the Democratic candidate for
President.
Stevenson polled five times as
many faculty votes as the next
highest Democratic aspirant, Sen.
Estes Kefauver of Tennessee.
* * * ;
IN THE poll of Republican can-
didate preferences announced pri-
or to the GOP Convention, the
faculty picked the winner-Eisen-
hower-by the same five to one
margin over Sen. Taft. I
Answers to the Democratic
preference survey as well as the
GOP poll showed marked devia-
tion from candidate popularity
according to pre-convention de-
legate tabulations.
Sen. Kefauver, leading in the
AP delegate poll with over 250
pledges, got only 23 of the 200
faculty votes. -The Democratic
possibility next highest to Kefauv-
er on the delegate list, Sen. Rich-
ard Russell, was picked by 11
faculty members.
** *
OTHER CHOICES -President
Truman, Harriman, Sen. Kerr,
Sen. Douglas - received fewer
than ten votes each. Possibly anti-
cipating his withdrawal from the
Democratic race, not one faculty
member chose Vice - President
Barkley.
Among Vice-Presidential pre-
ferences, Sen. Kefauver was rat-
ed the overwhelming favorite.
The Stevenson-Kefauver run-
ning slate was picked above oth-
er impossible combinations and
among those who chose Ke-
fauver for President, the -Ke-
fauver-Stevenson combination
prevailed.
The poll revealed that a major-
ity of the faculty members ques-
tioned are Republicans. About 20
per cent said they were Demo-
crats and Independents had the
same following. Seven per cent
were undecided as to poliitcal af-
filiation. ,
Warrants Asked
By Frank Millard
LANSING-Warrants charging
kidnapping were asked against
four ringleaders of the July 6 riot
at the State Prison of Southern
Michigan by Attorney General
Frank G. Millard yesterday.

* * *

* * *

* *. *

Early Ballot
Draft Seems

JERSEY

Imminent

GOV. HERMAN TALMADGE ADDRESSES EXCITED DELEGATES
* * s* * * v* * u
First Time V oters Interview Hopefuls

DELEGATES

cate of a friendly settlement with
Britain, paved the way for Mos-
sadegh's return to power.
After day-long demonstrations
in which from 12 to 25 persons
were killed here in clashes with
troops and police, Qavam submit-
ted his resignation to Shah Mo-
hammed Re za Pahlevi and
dropped out of slight.

Anderson's inters et'
Opens at Lydia Tonight

National
Roundup
By The Associated Press
HiSs Appeal . . .
NEW YORK-Alger Hiss,

"Winterset," Maxwell Ander-
son's poetic study of revenge will
open at 8 p.m. today at Lydia
Mendelssohn, with Donald Kleck-
ner cast as Mio, the embittered
son of a wrongfully condemned
father.
Indirectly based on the Sacco
and Vanzetti case, "Winterset"
dwells on the values of abstract
justice in its practical application
in the courts. Anderson has used
effective poetic dialogue to give
powerful speech to the people of
a river-bank tenement district.
NANCY Bonvouloir, '54, will
play the 15-year Miramne who
loves and understands Mio. Her
father, Esdras, "a kindly old rabbi
will be played by Richard Burg-
win.
Esdras' son, Garth, a disil-
lusioned, frightened youth, who
is involved in the death of Mio's

father will be portrayed by Rob-
ert Armstrong, Grad.
Trock and Shadow, tough va-
grants who are implicated in the
murder will be played by Ted Heu-
sel and Joel Sebastian, '54. Dan
Mullin is cast as the sympathetic,
kindly Judge Gaunt.
Others in the cast are Carr,
James Briley; Lucia, A. Verngn
Lapps; The Hobo, Mark Young;
two girls, Dawn Birch, Carole E.
Eiserman; sailor, Lloyd Evans, po-
liceman, Robert Hamilton, radi-
cal; Harold Radford, sergeant;
Konrad Matthaei, two men; Gor-
don Tarrant, Lloyd VanValken-
burgh; Piny, Irene Kelley.
Tickets for the play, which will
run through Saturday may be pur-
chased at the Lydia Mendelssohn
Box Office from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
daily.

EDITOR'S NOTE: Peg Nimz, one of
the members of the FirsthTime Vot-
ets " Club of Michigan has been in
Chicago for several days inter-
viewing candidates for the Demo-
cratic nomination along with sev-
eral other club members.This is
her account of the interviews.
By PEG NIMZ
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO-We decided to see
Senator Kefauver before we talked
to any of the others.
As we walked into the Conrad
Hilton Hotel and up the large
staircase, to the Kefauver head-
quarters we were greeted by a
barrage of posters depicting the
merits of the Democratic Party. A
large body of people were milling
around the stair case and the
doorway of what had been just
two weeks ago, "Taft Town."
DOWN in the lobby, a Harriman
demonstration was in full swing-
a recording was blaring from the
other side of the balcony. It was a
very professional quartet singing
a catchy tune about "Yes Sir-Bob
Kerr!"
We walked into Kefauver's
headquarters and asked the
nearest official where we would
find the Senator. He looked
startled "Senator Kefauver"?
We told him yes, that we repre-
sented 600 Michigan voters and
wanted to talk to the Barefoot
Boy from Tennessee. The official

im-

prisoned after two trials in which
the government depicted him as
the greatest American traitor of
the century, yesterday lost his bid
for a third trial and possible vin-
dication.
The one-time brilliant State De-
partment aide has claimed for
more than two years that he was
a victim of "forgery by typewriter."
In denying another new trial,
Federal Judge Henry W. Goddard
called this "only conjecture with
absolutely no evidence to support
Prison Riot
BOSTON-Fifty prisoners, led
by two life-term killers rioted at
Massachusetts State Prison yester-
day-and some eight hours later
20 were still holding out last night
behind strong barricades with two
guard-hostages in their custody.
California Quake.. .
TEHACHAPI, Calif. - Damage
estimates mounted into the mil-
lions throughout Southern Califor-
nia yesterday as the 3,000 inhab-
itants of quake-shattered Tehach-
api completed their sorrowful
cleanup.
.First civilian defense estimates
put the damage to the little moun-
tain community at nearly 2%/ mil-
lion dollars. It was likely to be as,
high at Arvin, 18 miles to the,
West.
But there were no serious cas-
ualties at Arvin. Eleven persons;

looked up the name in the large
black book and told us to go up to
1005-they might be able to held
up there.
We walked back down the lobby
to catch the elevator up to the
10th floor. The Harriman demon-
stration was leaving the lobby. It
was composed mainly of young-
sters in their early teens.
* *i *
THEY were cheering "H-A-R-
R-I-M-A-N spells Harriman." As
they walked out, they switched to
"I've Been Working on the Rail-
road." A small combo consisting
of a bass fiddle, a sax, and accor-
dian and a snare drum was keep-
ing them fairly well close to the
tune.
It was a noticeable change
from the demonstrations of the
Eisenhower-Taft rallies of the,
Republican Convention. There
was no big brass band for Har-
riman, and no expensive postflrs.
Just a few kids and some signs.
As I walked by the lobby, a
large woman with a Kefauver but-
ton remarked "it just goes to show
whatryou can do with 40 million
dollars."
We waited for the elevator and
went up to the 10th floor. We
knocked on the door at 1005 and
a mammoth gray-haired man an-
swered. He invited us into his
room, bellowing happily "Okla-
homa is a friendly place." We
asked him if he was Senator Ke-
fauver's secretary. "Senator Ke-
fauver?" He looked offended.
"Ma'am, I'm the governor of Okla-
homa."
Deciding to make the best of
the whole thing, we asked if Sen-
ator Kerr wasn't'around "Senator
Middle East
Blocks Aid
Strong economic nationalism in
countries of the Middle East has
been the cause of recent refusal
of American aid by these nations,
according to Prof. Peter G. Franck,
of the American University in
Washington.
Prof. Franck, who is former eco-
nomic advisor to the Afghanistan
government spoke on "Economic
Nationalism, Planning and Pro-
gress" yesterday in the Architec-
ture Auditorium. His talk was part
of the summer session program of
Near Eastern Stuies.o

Kerr is up by 18-just barge right
in on him. He's a friendly guy.
Whenever you want an Oklaho-
man, just barge right in on him."
The governor turned his back to
us and bent over. "Oklahoma"
was burned into the back of his
belt. We went up to 18.
See FIRST, Page 8
Critic Cowley
Will Lecture
AL Rackham,
Historian, editor and literary
critic Malcolm Cowley will be fea-
tured in the seventh in a series of
Summer. Session lectures at 4:15
p.m. today in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall.
Dealing with the literary angle
of the series' general theme, "Mod-

Candidates Try
To Block Adla
Bulletin
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO-The New York
delegation will drop Averill Har-
riman and switch to Governor
Adlai Stevenson of Illinois on
the second ballot, it was report
ed last night.
The information was received
on the convention floor from a
New York delegate,
CONVENTION HALL, Chicago
--(A)-The drive to push the Pres.
idential nomination into the hands
of Adlai Stevenson rolled on last
night while party wheelhorses
worked toward a grand show of
harmony at the Democratic Na-
tional Convention.
The campaign for Stevenson
picked up steam from new evi-
dences of support in New Jersey
in the East, Kansas, North Da-
kota and, Iowa in the Midwest,
New Mexico, Montana, and Wyo-
ming in the Far West.
RIVAL candidates Estes Kefau-
ver and Averell Harriman were in
a two hour huddle that had all the
political trademarks of a stop-
Stevenson combine. They didn't
tip off their immediate strategy-
merely reported they will "con-
tinue the discussion" later on.
From the Kefauver camp, and
from Sen. Robert S. Kerr' of
Oklahoma, another presidential
hopeful, a raking crossfire open-
ed up on Stevenson and his rec-
ord.
But here in Convention Halland
at convention headquarters down-
town, an air of new found serenity
and calm suddenly began settling
over a party threatened with roar-
ing convention floor fights, a
southern secession and angry out-
bursts over the treatment of Vice
President Alben W. Barkley.
This was the before and after
picture:
The party was being cut apart
by the manner in which some un-
ion labor and Northern big city
elements were clashing with
Southerners; by the way in which
Barkley, humiliated and hurt by a
group of union leaders who turned
against him, was forced out of the
Presidential contest; by efforts to
extract a party oath of allegiance
from Dixie Delegates.
AND THEN:
Barkley, the beloved 74-year-
old party warhorse, agreed to
address the convention tonight
-a harmony move of real sig-
nificance.
Party platform drafters were re-
ported to have worked out a pro-
posed compromise that might
avoid another civil rights fight
along lines of the one that split
the party four years ago. Lan-
guage was toned down because it
might have offended southerners.
Another compromise was en-
gineered by representatives of
all the avowed presidential can-
didates on the bolt-threatening
issue of a loyalty rule. The com-
promise would require conven-
tion delegates to work to get
party nominees on the state bal-
lots back home-but not if there
were any conflict with state laws
or state party rules.
Meanwhile the convention cre-
dentials committee last night vot-
ed to seat anti-administration
delegations from Texas and Mis-
sissippi.
The vote on Texas was 36 to 13
and on Mississippi 33 to 17.
Texas delegates have 52 conven-
tion votes, Mississippi 18. This
makes a total of 74, out of the

BOHEMIAN HEADQUARTERS:
Pogo Supporters Boom Candidate

* * *

By VIRGINIA VOSS
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO-One group of Presi-
dential candidate supporters in
this Convention-ridden city has
steered clear of setting up head-
quarters in the bustling Conrad
Hilton Hotel.
The group calls itself the Pogo
for President Club.
Declaring sole allegiance to the
whimsical comic-strip 'possum,
Pogo for President supporters
have set up headquarters in a Bo-
hemian haven for Chicago-area
college students known as the
College of Complexes. Advocates
of Pogo for President (there are
534 registered) meet here nightly
to laud their fictional hero with
song, slogan and beer.

Additional Pogo slogans were
chalked on headquarter walls, and
a choice spot was given to the con-
test-winning quip "Better a 'pos-
sum playing President, than a
President playing possum."
Not to be outdone by Democra-
tie rallies, Pogo supporters are
holding on to their campaign but-
tons and placards for an even big-
ger demonstration Friday.
* * * -
ACCORDING to Pogo for Presi-
dent officials, the Pogo movement
does not represent a collegiate
disillusionment with political man-
euverings. "Like Sadie Hawkins
Day," one official said, "Pogo to
us just means a lot of fun."
Pogonians have taken the
--a .. . :- aai -c-r a i".1h s -

MALCOLM COWLEY
. , . critic to speak
* *
ern Views of Man and Society,"
Cowley will discuss "Myths and
Heroes in the New American Fic-
tion."
Cowley at present is the liter-
ary advisor of the Viking Press
and is also contributing editor
of the New Republic. When he
was literary editor of that mag-
azine he was given an award by,
the National Institute of Arts
and Letters in recognition of his
role in the literary movement
of the '30's.
In 1948 he was elected to mem-
bership in the Institute.
His writing efforts include tiw

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