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July 10, 1952 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1952-07-10

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TWO SPEECHES
See Page 2

Latest Deadline in the State

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AR AND WARMER

VOL. LXII, No. 182

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 10, 1952

FOUR PAGES

- -irms

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Poet Tells Roots
Of Totalitarianism
By HARRY LUNN
The roots of European totalitarianism stem from three important
non-political upheavals which came around 1871, poet-historian Peter
;Viereck said yesterday as he discussed "Europe's Revolution in Values:
Roots of Totalitarianism, 1871-1952."
His lecture was the fifth in the summer series "Modern Views on
Man and Society."
* * * *
THE YOUNG HISTORIAN explained that the ethical, territorial
and second industrial revolutions of the 1870's gave rise to Marxist

Taft Claims
N lomination
VeryCertain
CHICAGO-(P)-Sen. Robert A.
Taft said yesterday he had the
1952 Republican Presidential Nom-
ination "almost in the bag" on the
basis of a Credentials Committee
decision giving him 22 Texas votes.
Taft saluted as equitable the
ruling that split Texas' 38 votes
22 for Taft and 16 for Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower.
"IT'S ALMOST in the bag for
me," Taft told newsmen. He add-
ed he was confident Convention
delegates would uphold the Cre-
dentials Committee against any
appeal by Eisenhower's leaders.
"The action, on the Texas
question," said Taft, "was ac-
complished with - equity along
lines of the compromise I sug-
gested. The Credentials Commit-
tee made a judicial decision."
Taft called on Eisenhower to
abide by decision of the commit-
tee and not fight them on the
Convention floor.
* s +e
TAFT FORCES, in what had all
the earmarks of a strategic re-
treat, yesterday yielded a net of
11 Louisiana votes to Eisenhower.
The Credentials Committee, with
Taft men in control, recommend-
ed seating of 13 Louisiana dele-
gates favorable to Eisenhower.
Temporary recognition had been
given to a slate of 13 Taft and two
Eisenhower backers.
Taft said the loss of those 11
votes did not change his esti-
mate of the number of nominat-
ing votes he would receive on the
first ballot. That total, he said,
still was "around 600."
'Taft said his loss of Louisiana
votes was offset by a decision of
Gov. Theodore R. McKeldin of
Maryland to release his 24 fav-
orite son delegates and withdraw
without the formality of a nom-
inating speech.

socialism and Bismarkian militar-
istic nationalism.
Effect of the ethical upheaval
was to "liquidate ethical re-
straints that societies used to
achieve their ends," he said. It
replaced individual and interna-
tional ethics with national stan-
dards and created a "blood and
iron" socialism and nationalism.
"Never before had nationalism
been organized to such an extent
* * *

Ike Thinks
HeWill Wi~n
Nomination
CHICAGO--Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower was quoted last night
as saying "I think I am going to
win" the Republican Presidential
Nomination.
Former Sen. John Sherman
Cooper of Kentucky told newsmen
the General made the statement
to him.
* * *
EISENHOWER has been pre-
dicting a Republican victory in
November in his public talks to
delegates to the party's national
convention.
But for the most part he has
been leaving victory claims, in
his race for the nomination with
Sen. Robert A. Taft, to his cam-
paign managers.
Cooper conferred with the Gen-
eral at his Blackstone headquart-
ers. He is bidding for the U. S.
Senate seat now held by Sen.
Thomas Underwood, a Democrat.
Cooper was asked by a reporter
what Eisenhower had to say to
him.
"He said 'I think I am going to
win,' " Cooper replied.
* * *
ASKED WHETHER Eisenhower
had based his optimism on any
new developments, particularly on
new pledges of delegate support,
Cooper said he did not know.
A little earlier, Rep. Charles
Halleck of Indiana, Assistant
GOP floor leader of the House,
called at Eisenhower Headquart-
ers for a conference with the
General.,,
The Indiana delegation is lined
up 30 votes for Taft and two for
Eisenhower. Halleck, who is not a
delegate, said Eisenhower had sent
for him, but he declined to say
why.
Asked whether the General
was trying to woo some of Taft's
Indiana support, Halleck smiled
and replied, "I don't know."
Halleck said he has not an-
nounced a preference for any
candidate for the GOP nomina-
tion, and that he had been around
to visit all of them since coming
to town.
To the 70-vote California dele-
gation, he had promised earlier to
install "a clean new group of offi-
cials in Washington if he is elected.
West Takes Steps
Toward Meeting
WASHINGTON - (RP) - Three
Western Powers are expected to
propose to Moscow, probably to-
day, a first step toward a Big
Four conference on Germany
which Russia has been demanding.
Diplomatic authorities said yes-
terday a new note drafted by the
United States, Britain and France,
says they are willing to hold a
preliminary meeting of occupation
power representatives on the com-
position of an International Com-
mission. The Commission would
decide whether free elections can
be held in all Germany.

Leads by Score
Of 501 to 485
Ike Wins 50 Contested Delegates
In Bitter Texas, Georgia Disputes
CONVENTION HALL, CHICAGO-(MP)-Gen. Dwight D. Eisen-
hower's rampaging forces smashed the wavering lines of Sen. Robert
A. Taft in the Republican Convention early today, giving Eisenhower
17 contested delegates from Georgia and 33 from Texas.
Whipped 607 to 531 on the seating of their all-Taft Georgia
delegation, Taft forces caved in on Texas and let the Eisenhower
camp have most of the Lone-Star delegation by acclamation. The
winning Texas group has 33 votes for Eisenhower, five for Taft.
ASrA RESULT, Eisenhower shot ahead of Taft for the first time
on the Associated Press score card. The probable first ballot stand-
ings in the Presidential derby: Q*

IN ORDER-The tumult on the convention floor last night and this morning is the usual conven-
tion tone, but this earlier convention shot shows them relatively in order and in place.
* * * * * *4*H*h
Interest Centers in Heat of Chcago

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
Soviet Veto' . ..
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.-The
Soviet Union yesterday killed with
its 50th veto an American resolu-
tion declaring false the Soviet
charges of germ warfare and
condemning t h e i r circulation
throughout the world.
Reservists .. .
WASHINGTON - President
Truman yesterday signed a bill
setting up two classes of reserv-
ists and limiting his authority
to call them into active military
service.
Air Defense .. .
WASHINGTON -- The Defense
Department said yesterday it has
agreed tentatively to buy up to 225
million dollars worth of airplanes
in Europe.
* * *
Ridgway Booed.. .
LONDON-British police re-
inforcements last night dispers-

PETER VIERECK
.. . poet-historian
or been so widely accepted as a
new type of religion," he added.
It was in 1871 that Germany sub-
jugated France in the Franco-
Prussian War.
By 1914 nationalism and so-
cialism seemed "housebroken"
and were conforming to the
parliamentary system, ,Viereck
continued. "This is why World
War I was the worst single ca-
tastrophy of history-it upset,
this balance and Fave rise to
Hitler and Lenin.
"Both men saw the war as the
salvation of their respectivesdoc-
trines," he believes.
THE TERRITORIAL revolution
occurred between 1859 and 1871
as Italy and Germany were uni-
fied into powerful states. Hereto-
fore they had been "weak ab-
stractions" of states, for Europe
had traditionally been wea in
the center and strong at the por-
ifera, Viereck explained.
Europe's second industrial
revolution also came at this
time, bringing electric energy,
and the transatlantic steamer,
he related.
This helped to promote the na-
tionalistic ideal and assisted a
country in attempting world dom-
inance.
These three transformations
See, TOTALITARIAN, Page 4
County Vice
Squad Set Up
Alarmed by "evidences of mount-
ing narcotics cases" in Washte-
naw county, the Board of Supervi-
sors Tuesday appropriated $9,341
to set up a two-man vice squad
to cope with the situation.
In some instances, the numbers
racket is being operated in con-
nection with dope peddling, ac-
cording to a statement by Chief
Assistant Prosecutor Edmond F.
Devine.,
Devine, Circuit Judge James
R. reav. Jr. ad .h,4,ff ,Jnh

By MIKE SCHERER
special To The Daily
CHICAGO-Republican conven-
tion followers have discovered
where to find constant action and
excitement in the 1952 battle for
GOP delegates-and it's not at
Convention Hall.
The real drama of this political
extravaganza could be found at
almost any time yesterday, and
practically any Convention day,
War on Korean
RidgeRages
SEOUL, Thursday, July 10-(P)
-Heavy fighting for a key ridge
on the far eastern Korean front
raged into the late afternoon yes-
terday.
Allied infantrymen pushed off
from two directions at dawn in a
pincers movement against the
ridge paralleling the Nam river
and five miles from the Sea of
Japan coast.
North Korean resistance in-
creased as the pincers began to
close. The Reds counterattacked
twice. By 3 p.m. the Allied rald-
ers were only 50 yards apart-.
.but separated by forbidding
bluffs of the ridgeline and heavy
Communist fire.
Smaller actions were reported
at scattered points elsewhere
along the front.
In Munsan, Allied and Com-
munist delegates will confer in
executive session again today on
prisoner exchange-the last ma-
jor issue deadlocking the truce
talks which started a year ago.

right in the heart of downtown
Chicago, at the hotel headquart-
ers of national candidate move-
ments and state delegations.
* * *
AT CONVENTION Hall a morn-
ing - long drizzle discouraged
attendance yesterday. Even those
delegates and on-lookers who
manage to fight into the crowded
amphitheatre, found spectator vis-
ibility limited by smoke, distance,
and the inevitable hordes of peo-
ple.
Among the more fortunate
ticket holders and those less
fortunate, a lively trade was set
up. Good balcony tickets com-
manded high prices although
most delegates made gifts to
close friends.
But downtown on Michigan
Kerr Blasts
Republica s
By The Aswociated Press
Sen. Robert S. Kerr of Okla-
homa said yesterday the Taft-
Eisenhower battle at the Republi-
can National Convention in Chi-
cago is "disgusting to the Ameri-
can people."
Kerr, a candidate for the Demo-
cratic Presidential Nomination, is-
sued a statement in Washington,
D. C., sounding a plea for nation-
wide unity instead of dissension in
this election year.
Another blast at the Reiubli-
cans came from Sen. Hubert H.
Humphrey, Minnesota's favorite
son candidate for the Democratic
Presidential prize.

Boulevard, no tickets or creden-
tials were needed to witness the
vast spectacle. Interested citizens
have flocked from all parts of the
country by the hundreds just to
watch the unrivalled color of Con-
vention shenanigans.
* * *
IN THE Coigress Hotel where
the Michigan delegation is hous-
ed. heated hearings over contest-
ed delegates were open to the pub-
lic, although only a limited num-
ber of seats were available and
delegates got first 'choice. How-
ever, the writer was able to get,
by a big Irfsh policeman long
enough to hear the fiery oratory
concerning Georgia's 17 contest-
ed votes.
A triple victory in Georgia,
Florida and Mississippi bright-
ened the hopes yesterday of Taft
supporters.
There was still no letup. in the
anticipations of both Taft and
Eisenhow-r supporters. Delegates
from both sides seem confident of
ultimate victory, many predicting
a first round knockout.
RUMORS OF all sorts were
spreading through milling crowds.
One, fed by the high tension
that exists, caused a near riot
when w)rd got around that Eisen-
hcwer had decided to drop from
the race. It was quickly squelched
by a notice from the General's
headquarters.
Concern over the split be-
tween Taft and Eisenhower
forces seemed to diminish some-
what, although supporters of
MacArthur, Stassen and Warren
See CONVENTION, Page 4

Eisenhower 501
Taft 485
Others 111
Uncommitted 109
Needed to nominate 604
Once last night and again in the
morning's early hours the Eisen-
hower legions jubilantly ground
out victories that could determine
in advance the winner of the GOP
Nomination.
The real jolt to Taft was the
vote to seat 17 pro-Eisenhower
delegates from Georgia and throw
out a pro-Taft Convention slate.
*, *, *
TO THE SURPRISE of the
Eisenhower people, Taft supporter
Ernest Palmer, Jr., rose on the
floor early this morning, said it
was high time the convention got
around to picking a nominee, and
proposed that-to clear the way-
there be a unanimous vote for
seating the Eisenhower delega-
tion.
One delegate, grinning broad-
ly, said that "real Republican-
ism and real Americanism" and
the spirit that would win the
election foi- the GOP come No-
vember.
There was a quick second to the
motion, and before you could say
Dwtght D. Eisenhower the Texas
row was settled with a roar of as-
senting votes.
On the basis of the Texas deci-
sion alone, Eisenhower backers
raised a claim to an early ballot
nomination for their man when
the nominee picking gets under
way, possibly tonight. Gov. John
S. Fine of Pennsylvania announc-
ed for Ike and predicted a second
ballot win.
McCarthy Hits
Gentle Tactics
AgainstReds
CONVENTION HALL, Chicago
-(JP)-Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy
summoned a cheering, whistling
Republican National Convention
yesterday to a rough, tough fight
against "disloyalty and treason."
There's no use resorting to gen-
tle tactics against Communists,
the controversial Senator from
Wisconsin declared, and the great
majority of the delegates applaud-
ed him to the echo.
"THERE IS A common-sense
limit to gentleness and delicacy,"
he said. "That limit is where dis-
loyalty and treason begin, where
organized deceit and godlessness
begin.
"We cannot fight Communists
in the Acheson-Lattimore fash-
ion of hitting them with a per-
fumed silk handkerchief at the
front door while they batter our
friends with brass knuckled and
blackjacks at the back door."
McCarthy, long known for his
Communism - in - government
charges, received one of the Con-
vention's greatest ovations so far
when he stepped forward and the
band played "On, Wisconsin" and
the Marine Hymn. He is a marine
veteran.
He acknowledged that "some
of my good friends have accused
me of being too rough" in his

GOP Settles
Two Issues
On Platform
CHICAGO-('P)-A Republican
foreign policy setting a just peace
as its goal and offering hope of
eventual freedom to enslaved
peoples was outlined last night to
the Party's National Convention.
This would be accomplished, the
Platform Committee said, within
the framework of the United Na-
tions and collective ecurity agree-
ments under which all bore fair
shares of burdens, while at the
same time serving the enlighten-
ed" self-interest of the United
States.
Its foreign policy, the Commit-
tee said, would "wage peace and
win it."
ON THE HOT issue of civil
rights at home, the Committee
said it believed the federal govern-
ment should take "supplementary"
action within its "constitutional
jurisdiction to oppose discrimina-
tion against race, religion or na-
tional origin."
Southern delegates had op-
posed a party pledge to push fed-
eral action on the racial prob-
lem.
The civil rights plank, as draft-
ed by the Committee, left the door
open for possible compulsory ac-
tion against employers discrimin-
ating aganst racial groups in tha
hiring and firing of workers.
IN THE foreign policy plank to
be submitted to the convention to-
day along with the broad platform
on domestic issues, the committee,
issued a stinging indictment of the
Truman administration, accusing
it of squandering U. S. power and
prestige and opening the door to
Communist aggression.
The issue at the November
election, the plank said, is
whether the American people
wish to continue in office "the
party that has presided over ...
a disastrous reversal of our for-
tunes and the loss of our hopes
for a peaceful world."
Although the committee ap-
proved the entire platform, only
the two planks dealing with for.:
eign policy and civi rights were
made public last night in advance
of the presentation of the whole
document to the convention.
The foreign policy plank was
approved by both major candi-
dates for the Party's Presidential
Nomination - Gen. Dwight D.
Eisenhower and Sen. Robert A.
Taft of Ohio-before being recom-
mended to the Convention by the
Committee.
It was designed as something o
a compromise of the view of these
two candidates.
Chrysler To Shut
Down U.S. Plants

IT'S UNANIMOUS-THEY LIKE IKE:
British Want Eisenhower President

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first in a series of interpretive
dealing with impressions of Europe today. The writer, next yea
City Editor, is working in Rome during the summer as a free-lance
By BARNES CONNABLE
Special To The Daily
LONDON-The British like Ike.
We haven't talked with a chap yet who doesn't want
Eisenhower to be the next American president.
And from a number of standpoints it's not surprising.
* * * *
PERHAPS IT'S good campaign material for the Taft
the middlewest, but there's a strong case for the Englishm
ing Ike better than we do.
Although British military pros may regard Marsh
notch higher on the battlefield, Eisenhower as a persona
symbol is considered America's greatest general and am
in the European theatre.

articles THEY ARE most naturally concerned only as such activities af-
tr's Daily
ewriter.) fect Britain. This year, they are convinced a good number do.
Newspapers here are treating the GOP nomination as an
earth-shaking selection of the man who will head the most pow-
erful nation in the world. Even more than the American press,
Dwight D. English editors have given the Ike-Taft tussle top priority in
news play. News of the Democrats is just about nil.
Many Englishmen have mentioned in talking with us that the
Republicans "of course" will win the election. The press has created
t forces in this assumption.
an's know- Some Britons are afraid of Taft, who represents to them the
isolationism which they hoped the war had buried. More just
all as a don't know anything about him.
ality and The political outlook here is reversed. Ike is considered a tried
bassador and true quantity.
AT~tS7 - 11.istrnvi* * A *- n

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