THE M THIG-AN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JULY 2, I952
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By LEONARD GREENBAUM
EVEN A QUICK READING of the Harvard
Crimson's report on Academic Freedom,
(see page 1) brings up the question as to
when the hysteria over Communism, Social-
ism, and anti-Americanism is going to come
to a skidding halt. In the field of educa-
tion, vhere so much of our future is at
stake, the importance of meeting challenges
such as the "Reducator" lists cannot be
Because the National Education Asso-
ciation appears ready to meet part of
this challenge, the organization's annual
meeting in Detroit has been attracting
With three thdusands delegates roaming
from one session to another, the Associa-
tion, which represents some 900,000 teachers
is proving itself to be something more than
a technical gathering.
There still are, of course some rumblings
about pornorgraphic literature being sold in
school zones and about the need for facing
up to the challenge of the teaching profes-
sion. Most of the Association's action, how-
ever, takes for granted the basic assump-
tion that teachers are more than employees
of the state subject to the fluctuating whims
of the voters.
In a flurry of action, the NEA, during
its first two days of meetings:
Called for Federal aid to public educa-
tion (without Federal control);
Approved the rights of teachers to par-
ticipate fully in political campaigns;
And opposed the growing tendency to
limit freedom of instruction through cen-
sorship of texts, periodicals and content of
This latter motion was specifically aim-
ed against the growing pressure to end
teaching about the United Nations, par-
ticularly about the United Nations Educa-
tional, Scientific and Cultural Organiza-
The extent to which this anti-UN senti-
ment is being pushed was revealed in a
New York Times survey last Sunday. Vocal
attacks by self-styled super-patriots has
actually scared several school systems into
discarding books and teaching material on
In Houston, Texas, the school board, and
in Los Angeles, the superintendent of
schools, have prohibited the high schools
from participating in a nation-wide United
Nations essay contest. All told there were
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writer only.
This must be noted in all reprints.
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA VOSS
100 less high schools participating in this
year's contest than in last year's.
Other attacks on teaching about the UN
have resulted in criticism of a Florida co3-
lege seminar on UNESCO and the banning
of a UNESCO club in a Rhode Island high
In all cases there was the contention
that it was "un-American to cooperate
in a program connected with the UN."
More specific criticism is that UNESCO
is tainted with atheism and Communism,
and that teaching about world govern-
ment is undermining nationalism.
In coming to the defense of the UN, the
National Education Association brings a
rather lily-white reputation into the battle.
The NEA has banned Communists from its
ranks and has opposed their employment as
teachers in the public schools.
This stand of the NEA, while it detracts
from the groups idealistic purity, gives it
the much sought for position of being able
to speak out against the red-hunter and to
advocate reform without being labeled with
any of our common deragotory, adjectives.
When such name calling occurs, the NEA
can successfully refute it with an air of self
An example of the NEA's solid position
is demonstrated in its counterattack on
the American Legion. Spearheaded by
John W. Davis, president of West Vir-
ginia State College, the Association's De-
fense Commission is busily refuting an
article in the Legion magazine which ac-
cused the NEA of being engaged in a con-
spiracy to commit the American public
schools to the service of dictatorship--
either Communist of Fascist.
Hitting the Legion where it is most vul-
nerable, the Commission has stated that a
"careful analysis of this article discloses
numerous mistatements of fact and the usual
shopworn cliches of those who have found
it popular to destructively criticize the public
Though the article has been the topic of
lively debate at the NEA meeting it is likely
that the main body of the NEA will gloss
over the dispute. The two reasons behind
this possible action is a desire to continue
the friendly relation with the Legion (they
reached a high point when the Associa-
tion came out against Communists) and the
appearance of the Legion's National Com-
mander at today's meeting to bring "greet-
ings" to the convention.
With or without a continuation of its
attack on the Legion, the NEA still offers
one of the strongest centers of teacher
rebellion against the pressures of special
What they need now is popular acclaim
for sticking their necks out even this little
AFTER ONE YEAR of truce talks in Korea
the United Nations have accomplished
nothing except a weakening of their own
position in Korea.
One year ago the Communist armies in
Korea had been defeated and demora-
lized. They had suffered staggering cas-
ualties in both men and equipment.
All of the Russian built T-34 tanks which
spearheaded their earlier offensives had
been destroyed by UN troops along with
most of their heavy weapons. UN planes
roamed the North Korean skies unopposed
by the 100 or less planes which composed
the Communist air force. Communist troop
losses had also been heavy, reducing their
army in strength from a peak of nearly a
million men the previous winter to about
In contrast to this the UN forces were at
their greatest strength since the start of
the Korean conflict. The UN had 400,000
battle tested veterans in Korea well sup-
ported by heavy weapons and nearly 900
tanks. The UN air force held overwhelming
air superiority with nearly 1,500 planes op-
erating in Korea.
It was at this point, when UN forces
were in a position to knock out the reeling
Communist army, that Russia's Jacob
Malik proposed a truce. Throughout the
truce talks it has become increasingly ob-
vious that the Communists have been us-
ing the truce talks as a screen for a build
up of their forces in Korea.
These forces have now surpassed in
strength the UN forces in Korea and are
approaching a point where they might be
capable of hurling the UN out of Korea. The
Communist army is now nearly one million
strong with a high percentage of veterans.
There has been a phenomenal growth in the
number of tanks and planes which the Com-
munists now have available for use in Korea.
They now have between 500 and a.1,000
tanks and nearly 1,700 planes to counter a
UN offensive or launch one of their own.
During the period of the truce talks the
only change in the UN army has been
the sending home of the veterans, with
the result that UN forces are now some-
what weaker than they were at this time
As yet the Communists have not been
able to build up a strong enough army to
force the UN out of Korea, but at their
present rate of expansion this day is not
far off. Much as the UN desires peace these
truce talks must not serve as a screen be-
hind which the Communists can build a
military force which will make their con-
tinuance unnecessary. The UN must keep
pace with any buildups in the Communist
forces or else it will lose whatever power
it has to bring about any settlement of the
Korean conflict. -Jack Bergstrom
WASHINGTON - The Republioans' na-
tional convention should shed some
light on a theory widely held in the political
trade. It is that women in public life are
more honest than men, less tainted by ex-
pediency, more interested in issues than in
the personal fortunes of any candidate.
Half the members of the national com-
mittees of both parties are women. There-
fore, women will cast half the votes on
some of the crucial credentials questions
which hinge on whether or not the Taft
forces in the South violated the com-
mandment: "thou shalt not steal."
National committeewomen voted in the
initial meetings at Chicago, where the Taft
steamroller manned the controls exclusively
with their own people. Though a few pri-
vately expressed unhappiness over the man-
ner in which the situation was developing,
only the intense partisans, on one side or
the other, made any public comment. In
general, they just went along with the men.
There was one important exception to
their supine attitude. The Taftites, intoxi-
cated with their easy success, decided to
make a clean sweep of things and depose.
Mrs. Katherine G. Howard of Massachusetts
at National Committee Secretary. Mrs. How-
ard, a delegate who has since announced for
General Eisenhower, is a political associate
of Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., Eisenhower's
campaign manager. Senator Taft dislikes
all opposition, but particularly the challeng-
ing young Bay States, who got an interna-
tionalist plank into the 1948 party platform
and went on to compound the felony by
going to Paris and inducing Ike to run for
Mrs. Howard is a charming and literate
woman with more than a touch of the
New ; England "plain living and high
thinking" attitude. Her women colleagues
were swift to prove that they were proud
of her and knew when it was time to rebel.
The effort was dropped. Mrs. Howard
stayed to make the ruling certifying the
Texas contests to the National Committee.
She has also disclosed that the Taft forces
had urged the disputed delegation be
judged by the state committee, a state-
ment Senator Taft denies.
-Generally speaking, Republican women do
not among themselves attempt to exert
much leadership on policy or issues. They
have no such personality as Mrs. India Ed-
wards, who always appears determined to
make the Democrats do right by their cam-
paign promises to the people.
In 1946, when Marion Martin of Maine,
the women's director of the National Com-
iittee. showed sirnsof a eonvins the more
,See .#t owThe A.kieriea sDounhe-Cry U91.?
b ~ . -- 3, . fy
DAILY OFFICIAL- BULLETIN
LAST NIGHT the summer season of con- ring in the work; overall tonal and dynamic
certs began with a program of violin form is replaced here by collections of son-
and piano sonatas performed by Benning orities interesting by themselves and in im-
Dexter and Emil Raab, and a very beautiful mediate relation to what has followed or
concert it was. Two works of precise classic preceeded. It is a work of many moods rang-
structure were followed by two of looser, ing from the intense recitative style of the
freer construction, but all four performances second and third movements to the placid
sustained clarity and consistency in their melodic flow of the last movement.
interpretation.The Ives uses medleys of familiar folk
The two opening numbers were the themes or sometimes just suggestions of
Beethoven opus 12, No. 2, and the Walter these themes in an effort to recreate moods
Piston sonata (1940). Both are concerned nostalgic to the composer. The dance-like
with the classic sonata structure and with humor of the second movement, "in the
simplicity. The Beethoven, from the com- barn," is obvious, as is the grandual cres-
poser's early period, is lyric; it maintains cendo of the last movement, "revival,"
a flow by subtle shiftings between major which is an imitation musically of the
and minor modes. It was the least intense slow but always rising intensity of a re-
of all the four works played, but perhaps vival meeting. Neither Franck nor Ives
most pleasing because of its masterful are the Craftsmen that are Beethoven and
structure and the harmony of its propor- Piston, and their works seem a little naive,
tions. in the Franck by a continual throwing in
A driving ostinato rhythm, so omni-pres- of a last gasp and in the Ives by a sort of
ent in contemporary music, characterizes superficial recreating of moods, the sin-
the Piston. Both the Beethoven and Piston cerity of both works is rewarding.
employ tonality as a unifying and stabiliz- None of the performances seemed a bur-
ing factor. den technically, and if the performance can
The Franck and Ives sonatas, which com- be summed up in one word, the word should
prised the last half of the program, are not be restraint. Each work was performed as
at all concerned with internal structure as the music demanded, and each was free of
Are the other two works. Franck strives for extra-musical effects.
unity by the use of a motival theme recur- -Don Harris
CURR.. r MV~c
(Continued from Page 2)
Need is for a person with accounting
background who will eventually become
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institu-
tion, Woods Hole, Massachusetts is in
urgent and immediate need of a ma-
thematician. This institution is a pri-
vately endowed scientific research lab-
oratory and its facilities are utilized by
the U.S. Navy and other Government
The Western Geophysical Company
of America, Los Angeles, California, is
receiving applications for Geophycists,
physicists, Electrical Engineers, Me-
chanical Engineers, Civil Engineers, and
LS&A graduates with basic curriculum
in mathematics and physics. This work
is with the exploration phase of the oil
industry and engineers and others
would be assigned to various parts of
the country, particularly in the Western
and Midwestern parts of the United
States and there are also job possibili-
ties overseas with this company.
The Parker Appliance Company, Cleve-
land. Ohio, is extremely interested in
receiving applications from graduates
and non-graduates in the engineering
and allied fields. Besides the central
plant in Cleveland the company also
owns and operates subsidiary plants in
Berea, Kentucky, Los Angeles, Califor-
nia, and Eaton, Ohio. Company's pro-
duction is equalized between govern-
ment and industrial contracts with a
strong back log of orders, future out-
look is excellent and liberal employee
benefits are offered young mci com-
ing into the firm.
Ohio Farmers Grain & Supply As-
sociation, Fostoria, Ohio, wants a young
man to head the publicity and adver-
tisingdepartment. He must be able to
take charge and edit a monthly house
organ, take charge of feed, fertilizer
and farm supply advertising, speak be-
fore rural groups and probably should
have a farm background.
The Young Women's Christian Asso-
ciation, Saginaw, would like to hear
from young women who are qualified to
take over as director of the adult pro-
gram in that city. Would like someone
who is especially prepared in recrea-
tional skills such as square dancing,
music, arts and crafts.
The Massachusetts Memorial Hospi-
tal, Boston, Massachusetts, has announ-
ced vacancies in the following posi-
tions: General Nursing Supervisor, Hos-
pital Aides, Clerks.Stenographers, Se-
cretaries, and Physiotherapists.
For additional information, applica-
tion blanks and details, come to the1
Bureau of Appointments or call ex-'
LinguisticuForum. "The Linguistic
Atlas as a Cultural Index Dr. Raven I.
To the Editor
To The Editor:
IN HIS pretentious, emotive and
and partisan article' South
African Crisis (Daily, June 29),
Ojeamiren Ojehomon declares thats
Great Britain and other Europeani
powers 'still have possessions inl
Africa,' in which although promis-
ing to civilize and prepare the na-
tive peoples for self-government,
they have actually continued 'to
consolidate the status quo, andJ
divert or suppress any aspirationsi
of the African people for politi-
ca freedom.' This piece of mis-
representation deliberately ignores
two important facts:
1) The most important of these
European powers, Great Britain,1
has striven consistently (not al-t
ways, it seems, with success) to
civilize and to transfer power to
the Africans, and recently, par-
ticularly with regard to Nigeria
and the Gold Coast, embarked onI
an actual transfer which world
opinion largely considers too rad-
ical and too advanced for thet
state of civilization yet achieved
by the peoples in question.
2) The countrysconcerning
which the 'article' was written-
South Africa-is not 'possessed' by
any European power and is con-
trolled by a government of Afri-
kaaners answerable neither toa
Holland. the European country ofI
McDavid, Jr., Linguistic Atlas of the
United States and Canada. 1:00 p.m.,
Speech Assembly. "The Presidential
Convention of 1952." Samuel J. Elders-
veld, Assistant Professor of Political
Science. 3:00 p.m., Rackham Amphithe-
Modern Views of Man and society.
"Man and State in Communist Coun-
tries." Nicholas Nyaradi, former Min-
ister of Finance in Hungary. 4:15 p.m.,
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Mr. Edward C. Kalb of the American
Music Conference will deliver an illus-
trated lecture, "The Promotion of
School and Community Music Activi-
ties," at 11:10 a.m. on Wednesday, July
2, 1952, in the Audio-visual Aids pro-
jection room, 4051 Administration
Building. The lecture is being given un-
der the sponsorship of the music edu-
cation department of the School of Mu-
sic and is open to the public.
Professor Ruth Weintraub of Hunter
College, New York, will speak on "Au-
dio-visual Materials in the Teaching of
Government" Thursday, July 3, in the
East Conference Room of the Rackhan
Building at 3:15 p.m. A discussion will
follow. visitors are welcome.
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics:
Thursday, July 3, at 4 p.m. In Room
3201 A.H. The general topic for the
summer will be "Sequential Analysc."
Professor Craig will be the first speak
Orientation Seminar: First meeting
will be held on Thursday, July 3, at 3
p.m., in Room 3001 A.H. Mr. Hoffman
will speak on "Quarternions as Mat-
M. A. Language Examination: Friday,
July 11, 4-5 p.m., .Room 1007 A. H. Sign
list in History Office. Can bring a dic-
Make-Up Examination in History:
Saturday, July 12, 9:00-12:00 a.m., 1007
A.H. Obtain written permission from
your instructor, and then sign listrin
Student Recital: Grace Ravesloot, So-
prano, will present a program at 8:30
Wednesday evening, July 2, in the Ar-
chitecture Auditorium, in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music. She will
be accompanied by ShermanVan Sa-
kema, in a program of works by Mozart,
Wagner, Ravel, Chausson and Lenor-
mand. Miss Ravesloot is a pupil of Ar-
The recital will be open to the public.
Student Recital: Mary Jo Pfotenhau-
er, Mezzo-soprano, will appear in re-
cital at 8:30 Thursday evening, July 3,
in the Rackham Assembly Hall. A pu-
pil of Harold Haugh, Miss Pfotenhauer
will sing works by Sarri, Caldara, Cac-
cini, Scaratti, Donizetti, Schumann,
and Vaughan Williams. The program
will be open to the public.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, will be heard at1
7:15 Thursday evening, July 3, in a
program of works for the carillon. The1
program will open with four selectionsj
from the Fitzwilliam virginal Book, fol-
lowed by compositions from Mozart's
"Magic Flute." Five folk songs will
follow, and in the closing work, Rhap-I
sody No. 3 for Two Carillonneurs, com-
posed by Professor Price, he will be
joined by Paul Jenkins, a School of
Museum of Art. Sixth annual exhioi-
tion, Michigan Water Color Society.
General Library, main lobby cases.
Books which have influenced the mo-
Museum of Archaeology. Ancient
Egypt and Rome of the Empire.
Museums Building. Rotunda exhibit.
Some museum techniques.
Michigan Historical Collections, 160
Rackham Building. The changing Cam-
Ciements Library. American books
which have influenced the modern mind
(through September 1).
Law Library. Atomic energy (through
Architecture Building. Student work
(June 11-July 7).
The Intercooperative Council will hold1
a picnic on July 4, afternoon, at Bishopj
Lake. Everybody is invited. There will
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-There was a time when the most powerful lobby in
Washington was the Prohibition lobby, directed by Bishop James
Cannon from the Methodist building just across from the .Capitol.
After that, the most powerful lobby became the labor unions.
They dominated the writing of considerable legislation in Roose-
velt's day. Another power lobby today and at all times is the vet-
erans' lobby, which can ram almost anything it wants through
But perhaps more powerful than any of them today is the doc-
tors' lobby. Directed by the American Medical Association, the lobby
has succeeded in scaring the wits out of congressmen and was able-
single-handed-to delay a pension increase for old folks.
The battle cry of the doctors' lobby is "socialized medicine."
Their weapon is the threat of getting doctors back home to organ-
ize against a congressman who doesn't conform.
Some doctors, incidentally don't agree with the AMA. They are
luting worried about lobbying tactics, fear their profession may
be put in the same category as labor unions if these high-pressure
* * * *
LATEST BATTLE of the doctors' lobby was over a relatively insig-
nificant clause in the Old Age Pension Bill providing that old-
sters who became disabled would have to be examined by doctors
chosen by the Federal Security Administration.
This caused the doctors to see red. Shipping their most potent
lobbyists to Washington, they began inspiring telegrams from
doctors back home. The cry "socialized medicine" resounded through
the lobbies of Congress like a wolf pack in full chase.
Actually it was aRepublican, able Robert Kean of New Jersey, who
inserted this medical examination clause in the pension bill. Con-
gressman Kean's father was a Republican senator, he inherited about
a million dollars, is about as socialistic as Winston Churchill.
Furthermore, the Kean clause is similar to that in various fed-
eral laws. Veterans, for instance, must undergo an exam by gov-
ernment doctors or by doctors chosen by the government before
they can get disability pay. Most states likewise pick their own
doctors to examine those applying for welfare aid.
But because the Federal Security Administration under Oscar
Ewing, whom the doctors' lobby hates, was to administer the old-
sters' disability examinations, the doctors scared the wits out of
perfectly unsuspecting congressmen and almost defeated the pension
HOW LOBBY WORKS
HERE IS what happened:
I.Dr. Joseph S. Lawrence, representative of AMA and head of the
doctors' lobby in Washington, waited almost a month either because
he didn't know what was in the pension bill or didn't consider it
important. Then he decided to label the clause requiring physical
exams as "socialized medicine." He so notified each member of the
Ways and Means Committee to telegram.
Two days later, various Republican congressmen, led by Dan
Reed of New York, began parroting AMA's charge-apparently not
knowing that another Republican had introduced the clause.
2. This was followed by a barrage of telegrams from doctors
across the country, protesting to their congressmen about this "back
door" attempt to foist "socialized medicine" upon the nation. The
telegrams didn't mention that the Veterans Administration and sev-
eral state agencies are already practicing the same kind of "socialized
3. On June 13, AMA's No. 2 lobbyist, Dr. Frank E. Wilson, ar-
rived in Washington direct from the AMA's Chicago convention.
Wilson went straight to speaker Sam Rayburn and asked him to
lift the objectionable clause out of the bill. Rayburn was suffi-
ciently cowed to give Wilson the names of key congressmen he
ought to see.
One was Congressman Wilbur Mills, Arkansas Democrat, who
made discreet inquiries afterward to see what could be done to appease
the doctors. In the end, however, Mills held firm against AMA.
THREAT TO DEFEAT
WHEN WILSON ran into uncooperative congressmen, he told them
bluntly that he was sorry, but he would have to getthe doctors
in their home districts to campaign against them.
Wilson refused to back down from the "socialized medicine"
charge, and even suggested privately that the hated clause had
been cooked up at a secret meeting by FSA Administrator Oscar
Ewing's "boys" though of course it was written by Republican Kean
of New Jersey.
5. The AMA brought additional pressure through home-town
doctors, who suddenly began phoning or visiting their congressmen.
Congressman Kean got a call from an Atlantic City doctor. When
Kean asked him to explain his objections, the doctor replied weakly:
"Well, I was asked to telephone you by the people in Washington."
Thus operates the newest and most powerful lobby in Washington.
. STATE DEPARTMENT
THOSE WHO KNOW the inside on several State Department errors
recently are beginning to wonder how our fumbling diplomats
have been able to keep the U. S. A. out of war as well as they have.
Boner after boner has been pulled by State Department men,
which, with the common sense of a railroad yardmaster, could have
been prevented. Here are the three latest:
1. The Lattimore snafu could have been softened even at the last
moment when Michael McDermott, State Department press officer,
was asked if it wasn't true that "
the department frequently acted
on rumors in banning 'citizens
from foreign travel.
Grandiloquently replied McDer-
mott: "The State Department does
not take action on fantasies or
Yet, in the Lattimore case that
was exactly what the State De-
2. For months the State De-
partment has had in its hands
amazing details of how the
China Lobby has been trying to
buy, bribe, and subvert American
foreign policy. Yet it's done
nothing. Now Senator McCarran, Sixty-Second Year
worst State Department enemy, Edited and managed by students of
has moved in with a secret probe the University of Michigan under the
to browbeat State Department authority of the Board in Control of
3. Failure to notify the British EDITORIAL STAFF
in the Yalu dam bombings is one Leonard Greenbaum...Managing Editor
of the most nonsensical boners in Ivan Kaye and Bob Margolin
years. It was such a cockeyed com- Nan...............Co-Sports Editors
edy of errors that its unbelievabe Joyce Fickies...........Night Editor
* * * Txh,',v Ln .......wnNight Edritor
t The State...
THE SNIPER with Adolphe. Menjou,
Arthur Franz and Marie Windsor.
rrHIS STANLEY KRAMER pseudo-docu-
mentary is nicely conceived, but rather
botched in its execution. It concerns, a sex-
ual pyschopath who soothes his disinclina-
tion for women by shooting them down with
a high powered rifle.
The film rather too patly makes much
of the fact that most of the young man's
frustrations in life are caused by women
(shots of lovers in the park, disastrous
he is slipping) are rebuffed less by acci-
dent, it is inferred, than by lack of inter-
est. There is some vague mumblings by the
police pyschiatrist about what should be
done with cases of this sort but this is
about all the film has to offer on this point.
Indeed, perhaps its makers feel it should not.
cross this perilous threshold.
Adolphe Menjou, rumpled and without
his mustache, is adequate as a cop work-
ing under the pressure of an aroused city
which apparently has little sympathy for
eccentrics with rifles. Arthur Franz, as
the sniper, has little to do besides look
distraught and peer through his tele-
LORD ALEXANDER'S RUG
FOR WEEKS Churchill's govern-
ment had been getting some
rough criticism from the Labor-
ites over lack of cooperation in
unia- nT nrAlexandri British
Marge Shepherd...........Night Editor
Virginia voss..........Night Editor
Mike Wolff ..............Night Editor
Tom Treeger........Business Manager
C. A. Mitts. ....... .Advertising Manager