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July 29, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-07-29

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WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND
See Page 2

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Latest Deadline in the State FAIR AND WARMER

VOL. LXI, No. 24-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 29, 1951

FOUR PAGES

Korean Buffer Zone
Debate Continues
Longest Peace Session Recesses
With No Indication of Settlement
UN ADVANCE HEADQUARTERS, Korea-(IP)-Allied and Com-
munist armistice delegates debated for nearly two hours today the
touchy problem of a cease-fire buffer zone across Korea.
The meeting-13th since the talks began-recessed until 3 p.m.
(midnight Ann Arbor time) after one hour and 50 minutes. It was the
longest unbroken sessions thus far in the negotiations.
There was no indication of any progress on the hard bargaining

Truman

W TRS

of

British Told
To Consider
Iran' s Offer
Harriman Urges
New Conference
LONDON-W) - Averell Harri-
man gave the British a long talk
yesterday on why they should
snap up Iran's offer to confer{
again over their explosive oil dis-
pute.
There were signs that President
Truman's special envoy made
some progress.

* * *

* * *

* * *

SoViet Aims
Cites lied Balkan
TroopBuildup
By DAVE THOMAS
Daily Managing Editor
DETROIT-President Truman warned the nation yesterday that
the Soviets are threatening world peace in other places than Korea.
Speaking before 60,000 people in Detroit's Cadillac Square at the
climax of the Motor City's 250th anniversary celebration, the Presi-
dent warned that whatever happens in Korea, the American people
must not jump to the conclusion that the Soviet rulers have given
up their ideas of world conquest.
'v "They may talk about peace," Mr. Truman said, "but action is
what counts."
32* * * *
HE SAID that the Soviets, through military buildups in their
Balkan satellites, have been putting themselves in a position to
S* * * Tcommit new acts of aggression at

for a buffer zone.
THE ALLIES want it to run;

K HighTroop
Total Retold
ByMarshall
WASHINGTON-W)-Secretary
of Defense Marshall said yester-
day that when he estimated there
will be 400,000 U.S. troops in Eur-
ope next year, he meant supply
and supporting troops as well as
combat units..
Marshall used the 400,000 figure
in testimony Friday to the Senate
Appropriations Committee. Ques-
tions arose, since the figure was
about twice as high as previous
estimates, some of them from
Marshall himself. These previous
estimates also included support-
ing troops.
HE WROTE Chairman Rich-
ards (D-S.C.) of the House For-
eign Affairs Committee, noting
that hi sstatement had been quese-
tioned anI saying that the 400,000
is correct-360,000 ground forces
and 60,000 airmen.
Last February 15, when the
troops-to-Europe issue was at
its hottest, Marshall testified be-
fore Senate committees that the
plan was to send about 100,000
Army troops In addition to those
already there. At that time the
official indication was that there
were then about 97,000 men in
Europe.
The 100,000, he told the Sena-
tors, would include 72,000 men in
four divisions at full strength plusi
"abou 120,000 or 25,000" support-i
ing troops.
Senate Alerted
On RFC Loan
WASHINGTON-()-Senate in-
vestigators have been "alerted"
and are keeping a close check on
the, unfolding story of an alleged;
"influence" loan to a St. Louis
printing firm, Senator McClellan
tD-Ark.) said yesterday.-
And in St. Louis, the Post-Dis-
patch came up with still anotherl
name in its investigation of the]
$565,000 RFC loan which the pa-
per charges was "influenced."
Y The new name: Max Siskind of
Washington, former law partner
of Chairman William M. Boyle,i
Jr., of the Democratic National
Committee.i

ong the present battle-line, entire-
l4y in North Korea except in the
west. The Reds want the buffer
strip along the 38th Parallel which
divides North and South Korea.
Informed sources in Wash-
ington said the Allied team has
been ordered to stand on its de-
mand.
The talks had begun at 11 a.m.
Meanwhile Allied warplanes
smashed last night at a menacing
build-up of Red forces in North
Korea. Ground troops failed
again to wrest strategic hill mass-
es on the eastern front from the
Communists.
Fifth Air Force Headquarters
reported that night-flying B26
medium bombers pounded more
than 800 Communist vehicles.
Pilots said about 180 were de-
stroyed or damaged.
Heavy road traffic was spotted
on the east coast, between the big
port of Wonsan and Kangdong.
One Allied bomber attacked some
200 vehicles in that area and re-
ported hitting about 60.
Korean Brief
By Pentagon
Under Inquiry
WASHINGTON - (R) - A top-
level inquiry appeared to be under
way yesterday into the origin of a
Pentagon statement on the Kor-
ean War which later brought a
disavowal from the High Com-
mand.
There was speculation that
Deputy Secretary of Defense Rob-
ert A. Lovett ordered the inquiry.
Friday, at a briefing foruthe
press on the Korean War situa-
tion, a brigadier general and
colonel read to reporters a state-
ment which said:
(A) When Russia made its sug-
gestion for peace in Korea, UN
forces halted a successful offensive
against an enemy who was "hang-
ing on the ropes."
(B) But the Communists have
been building up offensive strength
in men and weapons in the bat-
tlefront area.
(C) The U.S., "far from making
any reinforcements in the UN
command," even removed a com-
bat unit from the line and sent it
to Japan.
The Defense Department's Pub-
lic Relations Director, Clayton
Fritchey, told reporters later the
statement did not reflect official
policy or views, although he did
not deny its accuracy.
If the high policy makers did
not know of the statement, it
raised the question of where the
idea did originate.

. AFTER TWO and a half hours
in conference with Prime Minis-
ter Attlee and top ministers of
the British government, Harri-
man emerged smiling from No. 10
Downing Street, the Prime Min-
ister's residence.
Harriman made the long flight
from Iran last night to tell the
British just where things stand in
the deadlocked crisis. Iran's of-
fer to renew talks, broken off once
last month after a single meeting,
has not been disclosed fully, and
the British apparently considered
it vague.
Harriman came for the face-
to-face talks hoping to learn
just why the British have not
accepted the Iranian offer on
the billion dollar Anglo-Iranian
Oil Company which Iran has
nationalized. The British Gov-
ernment owns more than half
the stock.
The envoy brought with him
the British Ambassador in Teh-
ran, Sir Francis Shepherd.
Right after the talks with Har-
riman, a spokesman for the Prime
Minister said the exchange had
been "useful and fruitful."
He added that "various points
in connection with Mr. Harri-
man's discussion with the Iran-
ian Government were elucidated."
* * *
A MAIN point on which Britain
wants clarification is treatment
of British employes and techni-
cians remaining in the vast oil
fields of Southern Iran and in
Abadan, home of the world's big-
gest refinery.
Britain has been complain-
ing that these British oil men
are being pushed around by
Iranian officials bent on na-
tionalizing the company.
Harriman, however, was pic-
tured as feeling that now Iran has
offered to talk, Britain should
agree.,
The United States is concerned
because vital oil production and
refining have almost stopped.
Vaughn House
Men Struggle
For Survival
Barred from returning to Victor
Vaughn House in the fall by a
University order which turns the
former men's dormitory over to
coeds, a nucleus of the 90 re-
turning Vaughn men is trying to
work out a plan with Residence
Hall officials to keep the group
intact next semester.
Services Enterprises Manager
Francis C. Shiel previously an-
nounced that the group would be
transferred as a unit to one of
the houses in South Quadrangle
at the start of the spring semester
when the new residence is expect-
ed to be completely finished.
* * * -
A SMALL contingent of former
Vaughn residents will meet with
officials this week to see if their
entire number can't be assigned
to the same house this next fall
so that there will be no break in
continuity at all.
In a letter to the editor of The
Daily (See Page 2), three men
who attended a hastily sum-
moned meeting of Vaughn resi-
dents Friday night, declare that
they feel the University would
profit . by allowing the return-
ing Vaughn House men to re-
main an integral group.

-AP Photo
FESTIVAL SPEECH--President Truman warns an estimated 60,000 people gathered in Detroit's
Cadillac Square that Soviet Russia is threatening world peace in many other places than Korea.
The President spoke in the Motor City yesterday to highlight the celebration of the 250th anni-
versary of the city's founding. Visible behind Mr. Truman is Gov. G. Mennen Williams.
Cs* * * * *
Crowds Celbrate A nivesary Party

By BOB KEITH guests packed the sidewalks and
Special to The Daily
DETROIT-A swarming crowd spilled out over the curbs to wit-
numbering in the hundreds of ness a spectacular five -hour par-
thousands pushed and jostled ade of bands, floats and famed
around downtown Detroit from military units.
dawn to dusk yesterday as the OFFICIALLY, the spotlight hit
250 year old riverport treated it- the history-steeped city of auto-
self to a million dollar birthday mobiles, minority groups and de-
party. fense plants. Actually, though, the
All along Woodward Avenue, chief center of interest was the
from Convention Hall to Jeffer- president of the United States.
son, weary Detroiters and their Harry S. Truman strode to a
platform in front of the City Hall
cat noon sharp to address the
Realtors arn! thousands who stood in the street
to see him.
Against Steep It was not a record crowd for
presidential addresses in the
-Motor City, and people were
lent alH ies scattered enough so that you
could worm your way through
them if you wished.
Ann Arbor landlords w e r e But applause was enthusiastic
warned by the Board of Realtors and apluseursthusandi
yesterday against "abrupt, steep and a wild outburst of shouts and
rent increases" which would "tend hat-waving greeted the President
+_ in fa when he finished.

GRADS CRY CURSES:
Speech Students Stage
'Streets of New York'

to stimulate public opinion in ta-
vor of recontrol."
They were urged to be "conser-
vative and fair" in their applica-
tion of rent raises made possible
by the recent decontrol of rents.
A statement issued by Stewart
E. Butts, president of the board,
warned landlords that "they run
a risk of losing their new freedom
to manage their property without
outside interference."
The statement added that com-
mon sense and conservative ad-
justments of rent would avoid in-
citement of agitation for the re-
imposing of controls.
There were "some inequities"
In the rent schedule enforced dur-
ing the control period, the state-
ment noted, adding that "these
must be gradually smoothed out.
Butts said that only two in-
stances of rental increases had
come to his attention since decon-
trol and that both appeared to be
justified.

TRUMAN'S arrival in the heart
of Detroit was shrouded under
one of the heaviest security shields
ever given an American President
as several thousand city and State
police, secret servicemen and FBI
guards lined the 40-mile route
from Willow Run Airport to De-
troit City Hall and clamped a
human ring around the City Hall
for two hours.
Although the Presidential
route was "unannounced" thou-
sands of persons parked their
cars along Willow Run Express-
way to watch the chief execu-
tive pass.
But anyone who tried to get
within shouting distance of theI
Truman caravan was quickly
shooed away by the officers who
guarded every underpass and in-
tersection or the screen of 42 mo-
torcycles which preceded the
President.
At the University-owned Wil-

low Run Airport 14 miles east of
Ann Arbor more than 30 troopers
manned machine guns on a han-
ger roof.
Secret Service men reportedly
regarded the Detroit visit as a
top risk because of stress among
Detroit nationality groups, politi-
cal assassinations in the Near
East, and according to unofficial
sources, an anonymous tip re-
ceived recently that an attempt
on the President's life would be
made yesterday.
S* *
DESPITE the ominous precau-
tions surrounding his visit, the
President himself was beaming
and happy as he rode through De-
troit streets doffing his hat to
excited onlookers.
He left at 1:15 p.m. and arrived
in Washington three hours later.
Overcast skies darkened
Woodward when the President
spoke but the sun broke through
sparingly as parade time arrived
and the danger of rain ruining
the 60 float historical pageant
soon passed.
More than 20,000 persons and
100 bands took part in the mons-
trous parade. Some spectators
lined up as early as 7 a.m. to se-
cure a good vantage point, while
others waited until shortly before
the 2 p.m. start and then shoved
their way to the front.
Many left early, exasperated
by the mobbing or just weary of
watching group after group
march doggedly past, bored and
tired because of the long march.
Even Gov. Williams left the pa-
rade with a scowl when someone
routed his car out of the line of
march before the entire route had
been covered.
Most onlookers seemed to take
the discomforts in stride with the
thrills, however, and for the most
part Detroit was able to pass the
250 year mark with ease and plea-
sure.
*, * *

Wilson Cites
Peace Hope
In Detroit
DETROIT-M)-Defense Mobi-
lizer Charles E. Wilson held out
the hope last night that Russia
will decide, in the face of Amer-
ica's growing might, that the wise
course is peace instead of war.
Here to take part in celebra-
tion of Detroit's 250-year growth
from a frontier hamlet to a great
manufacturing metropolis, Wilson
said:
"LET US SPEAK to Soviet Rus-
sia from the strength of our pro-
duction lines, from the strength
of our armed forces and from the
strength of our undying principles
of liberty and justice.
"We have always held the
door open to a real and perma-r
nent settlement of the world's
problems. Perhaps a demon-
stration of America's might,
such as we are building now,
will cause Russia to enter that
door willingly and with real
meaning.
"If we can speak with a strength
equivalent to the Kremlin's per-
haps at last we can make our-
selves understood by the fourteen
rulers (the Politburo) behind its
stone walls."
* * *
WILSON praised Detroit's pro-
duction accomplishments of World
War II, discussed the present situ-
ation of "some unemployment" in
the area and suggested that De-
troit may be "farming out" too
much of its defense orders.
The unemployment he attrib-
uted to the shift from civilian to
defense production and said "no
doubt this condition will be spor-
adic in coming months."
Word News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
CHARLESTON, W. Va.-Light-
ning set fire to a million-gallon
Methyl-Alcohol tank at a huge
Kanawha Valley chemical plant
yesterday. No casualties were re-
ported.
* * *
WASHINGTON-The oft-re-
jected St. Lawrence Seaway
project bobbed up again yester-
day, this time as a possible rid-
er on the $8,500,000,000 foreign
aid authorization bill.
Senators Moody (D-Mich.)
and Aiken (R-Vt.) said they
will attempt to insert the sea-
way and power development in-
to the foreign aid.
NEW YORK - Lightning-like
raids by 50 federal agents re-
sulted in 10 persons being held
in $495,000 bail yesterday, charg-
ed with membership in an inter-
national narcotics smuggling and
counterfeiting ring.
* ..*
NEW BEDFORD, Mass.-Sen.
Taft (R-Ohio) said yesterday
he doesn't know now if he'll run
for the Republican Presidential
nomination next year but add-
ed: "I don't rule it out."
RANGOON, Burma-The Bur-
ma~ Road-w.hich fed'j Ching Rai-

"Actions like these are cer-
tainly no indication of peaceful
intention," he declared.
To meet this threat, the Presi.
dent said, "the free world must
have armed strength-and have it
now."
"Our great chance lies in build-
ing up such strength and unity
amorg the free nations that the
Kremlin will have to drop it
plans of aggression and subver-
sion," Mr. Truman emphasized.
* * *
TELLING his audience that
"this last year has been a year of
tension," and one in which the
United Nations, through its stand
in Korea has gained new prestige
and importance, the President
tore into political opponents on
the home front who are "trying
to stir up trouble and suspicion
between the people and their gov-
ernment.
"Never, not even in the bit-
terest political campaigns, have
I seen such a flood of lies and
slander as is now pouring forth
over the country," the President
declared.
He didn't mention his chief
critics-Gen. Douglas MacArthur
or Senators Taft or McCarthy by
name, but he seemed to refer to
MacArthur's charge in Boston this
week that the Administration has
no foreign policy.
"This country is on the right
track in foreign affairs," Mr.
Truman asserted.
"We have a goal-and that is
peace. We have a way to reach
that goal-and that is the middle
way between world war on one
side and surrender to communism
on the other . .. we are making
progress toward that goal," the
President said.
He cited the growing military
preparedness of America, the in-
creasing strength and unity of
free nations and the setback to
aggression in Korea as evidences
of this program.
* * *
THE PRESIDENT also defend-
ed his domestic program against
what he termed the "smearers and
slanderers."
He told Detroiters that the cur-
rent howls against potential na-
tional bankruptcy were "old
stuff."
"Those who say we cannot af-
ford our peace program and aid
to our allies abroad are the very
same ones who have been saying
all along that we can't afford to
do anything for the American
people at home," Mr. Truman as-
serted.
Republicans
Renew Attack
On Acheson
WASHINGTON - (P) - A new
Republican move to clip the wings
of Secretary of State Acheson-
this time on foreign aid-is de-
veloping in the Senate.
Senator Taft (R-Ohio) told a
reporter yesterday he will call the
Senate Republican Policy Com-
mittee together tomorrow to hear
proposals for eliminating Ache-
son as policy head of the $8,500,-
000,000 foreign aid program.

any time.

Good old-fashioned 19th cen-
tury melodrama will be back in
town this week when the speech
department presents "The Streets
of New York" Wednesday through
Saturday at the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre.
Written by Dion Boucicault,
"The Streets of New York" teems
with the snarling villains, heroes
and heroines who are woven into
an exciting plot of wall street
panics, attempted murder, multi-
ple suicide-none of which are
successful-and a raging tene-
ment fire.
r.'
A CAST OF 27 play production
students will participate in these
comic-tragic incidents. Qideon
Bloodgood, the man who's object
in life is to do harm to others, will
he~ ni rA vA by Rnv, S1"h1e Ctd_a

was seen in "Green Grow the
Lilacs" will play the plighted
Alida, forsaken by all because
her father fell with the stock-
market.
But Alida does not. win the
hero's love. That distinction is
Lucy's claim to fame. Doris Me-
dina, Grad., is the actress who
falls in love with Mark and suc-
ceeds in winning his adoration.
OTHERS IN THE CAST will be
Jeannette Grandstaff, N o r m a
Stolzenbach, Clarence Stephen-
son, Willard Booth, Art Nevins,
Lloyd VanValkenburgh, and Con-
rad Stolzenbach, all graduate stu-
dents in speech.
The play is directed by Prof.
Hugh Z. Norton, who also directed
the successful "An Enemy of the

W'~~~~..~ W 5- V..i,

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