THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, JULY; ., 1954
vided a fir
tion in alm
hind the Ix
retary of C
ENT TRUMAN'S decision to send tacking the United States policy for being too
can aid and men to Korea pro- firm towards Russia; while at the same time,
m, positive, but long overdue stand Secretary of State Byrnes at a conference in
bolstered the United States' posi- Paris was calling for a firmer stand against
nost all countries except those be- Russia. At Byrnes' threat to resign and pub-
ron Curtain. lic pressure Truman accepted Wallace's re-
he end of the war our foreign yignation and affirmed his support of
d been one of evasion. The anti-
st countries did not know where Since then, bit by bit and painfully
d States stood, slowly, the administration has gradually
ig and unfortunately typical ex- developed a foreign policy. Our present
in September( 1946, when Sec- one, now over a week old, is what this
commerce Wallace made a speech, country and the world needs. It has shown,
mn advance by the President, at- everyone at long last that we shall stand
firm against Russian aggression. We will,
not continue to let small countries be de-
published in The Michigan Daily voured by the Russians without a struggle.,
n by members of The Daily staff The President is to be commended for a
ent the views of the writers only. formulation of foreign policy committed tf
stopping Russian aggression. It has been
T EDITOR: NANCY BYLAN needed for a long time.
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Considering the fact that
they are members of opposite political
parties and once rival candidates for the
presidency, General MacArthur and Presi-
dent Truman have coordinated gn the Kor-
ean crisis exceptionally well. In fact, they
get along better than some of MacArthur's
fellow generals in the Pentagon building,
whom Doug sometimes treats with high-
Two historic telecommunication conver-
sations were held between MacArthur and
the White House in the first stages of the
Korean war. The first was the night be-
fore Truman issued his world-shaking an-
nouncement that American forces would
Intervene. The second was four days later
when MacArthur gave an extremely
gloomy picture of the Korean military
rout and asked for permission to land
In his first conversation with the: White
House, MacArthur was full of optimism, and
informed Truman that he could "guarantee"
success whether Russia intervened in Korea
In his second conversation held just after
MacArthur had flown to Korea, he was
quite pessimistic; in fact, much more so
than the official communiques issued in
It was in this conversation that MacArthur
was given complete authority - including
the use of ground forces and the right to
bomb North Korea - in order to win the
war as quickly as possible.
f * N*
AS GRIM-FACED military leaders waited
gravely for the latest news from embat-
tled Korea, a dismayed screech echoed down
the corridors of the Pentagon Building.
ENTS OF INTEREST around campus.
THE CORN IS GREEN, first play in the
speech department's summer series, with
Claribel Baird, Jim Bob Stephenson, and
Doris Medina. At 8 p.m. today through Sat-
urday in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. See
review on this page.
CONTEMPORARY ARTS AND SOCIETY.
A panel discussion on "Communication in
the Arts" will be carried on by Prof. John
Ciardi, of Harvard, Prof. Ross Lee Finney
of the music school, Prof. Edward W. Ran-
nells, of the University of Kentucky, and
Prof. Charles L. Stevenson of the philosophy
department, at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
* * *
THE BULL RING, a weekly informal gath-
ering open to all faculty members and grad-
uate students meets Friday evenings for beer
and talk at 111 West Huron St.
THE TITAN, Robert Flaherty's film about
Michelangelo, will be shown at 7 p.m. and 9
p.m. tomorrow and Saturday in Architecture
* * *
THE WINSLOW BOY, movie version of
the play which won the New York Drama
Critics Award, with Robert Donat. Tomor-
row and Saturday at the Michigan.
* * *
BARRICADE, advertised as a tale of "one
woman in a love-starved wilderness," star-.
ring Ruth Roman. Tomorrow through Sun-
day at the State.
MODERN AMERICAN PAINTING of the
post-war period is on view at the Rackham
Galleries, which are open weekdays from 2
pin. to 5 p.m. and from 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.
and closed Sundays.
_ __ _ _
A moment later, a girl rushed out of an
office, shouting mournfully:
"Rosen just hit a homer with the bases
This was the play by which Cleveland
defeated Washington that day.
* * *
THOMAS L. STOKES:
WASHINGTON - The Korean crisis has
caused a sudden and perceptible change
in our domestic political situation by shifting
emphasis from domestic to international
issues, which may have its effect on the
Congressional campaign and the November
International crises have a unifying
impulse, tend to diminish carping politi-
cal criticism, and focus public attention
sharply and dramatically on the Presi-
dent, whoever he may be, and it must be
remembered that, as well as being Presi-
dent and commander-in-chief, he also is
leader of a political party. The current
crisis is no exception in those respects.
President Truman has won widespread
support for his prompt and courageous ac-
tion to protect our national security and
save the United Nations.
* * *
THE UNIFYING EFFECT of the crisis is
observedimtwo interesting reactions,
1-The quick action by Congress to put
through an adequate draft bill and the
$1,225,000,000 arms aid bill, with a melting
away of opposition to both measures-
about which there had been considerable
difference of opinion and a reluctance to
hurry until the North Korean Army slash-
ed its way across the 38th parallel.
2-The chorus of criticism that engulfed
Senator Taft of Ohio when finally, after 24
hours, he gave grudging and conditional
acquiescence, approving what the President
had done, but insisting that Mr. Truman
should have secured approval from Congress
in advance and demanding the resignation
of Secretary of State Dean Acheson.
It was obvious that this attitude did not
take well, especially since it was in decided
contrast to the prompt high praise, with
no strings attached, by such outstanding
Republican leaders as Herbert Hoover and
* Governor Dewey.
He seemed to be trying desperately to keep
alive by his attack on Secretary Acheson
the issue that his wing of the party, along
with some others, has been making. This re-
volves about our past Chinese and Far East-
ern policy, upon which Republicans have
been concentrating their fire, and the Sena-
tor Joe McCarthy Communists-in-the-State
Department campaign, to which Senator
Taft and the party's leadership in the Sen-
ate have given their blessing.
PAST INTERNATIONAL crises are any
precedent, such things are likely now to
lose their potency politically and to sink
into comparative obscurity under impact of
the new crisis and its immediate demanr)
for which our policy has been readjusted.
Mr. Hoover indicated this by saying, in
effect, that we should let bygones be by-
The cry of "socialism," too, may lose its
force against Truman proposals and legis-
lative objectives, for those also are likel
to become overshadowed by what is happen-
ing on the Korean front and elsewhere
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inci
-.._ t .ic .
.. _ ,. .... , _. <... Qs 95b
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Mediation on Korea
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
MEDIATION BETWEEN the United States and Russia on the Kor.
ean situation, as suggested by India, is obviously impossible.
Yugoslavia first proposed mediation in Korea instead of the UN
Security Council's original cease-fire order. India seconded the idea
at the same time she agreed to go along on the resolution for armed
intervention, and followed through by offering to mediate herself
between the U.S. and Russia.
But, in the first place, Russia would have to abandon her pretense
of non-responsibility in Korea if she accepted such an offer. In the
second place, if mediation between the U.S. and Russia on Korea were
possible, it would follow that it would be possible to apply it to the
whole cold war situation-another obvious impossibility.
* * *
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
FRANK GRAHAM'S FRIENDS
HE POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT is in-
vestigating the anti-Negro organizations
that mailed inflammatory racial propagan-
da from New York designed to defeat liberal
Senator Frank Graham of North Carolina.
Graham himself, however, doesn't want
any post-election investigation - not even
by Senator Gillette's Senate Campaign
Committee, which is interested in the re-
ported $1,000,000 spent by Yankee Repub-
licans and Dixiecrats.
What really hurts Graham is the fact
that the mill-workers and other poorer peo-
ple, whose caise he has always championed
turned their back on him on election day.
Apparently they listened to the most
vicious racial propaganda since the Civil
War days - tons of literature circulated
by Alabama Klansmen, anti-Graham prop-
aganda mailed out under the franking
privileges of Congressman Gwinn of New
York (the friend of General Eisenhower);
and the poisoned-pen diatribes of America
Firster John T. Flynn inserted in the Con-
gressional Record by Maine's Senator
Apparently the poorer people, whom Gra-
ham had always championed, listened and
believed. For 63,000 of them who had voted
for him in the first primary stayed away
from the polls in the second.
KOREAN WAR CAPSULES
TRUMAN'S CABINET LUNCH-President
Truman held an important lunch with his
cabinet last week at which he expressed very
frank fears about the current situation -
especially what Korea might do to the
American economy. He was particularly
worried about inflation and expressed the
hope that no panic-buying or hoarding of
scarce materials should take place among
industry or consumers. Truman has ordered
the National Security Resources Board togo
all-out in planning what must be done im-
mediately if it looks like Korea would devel-
op into a World War.
BRITAIN WAKES UP-Up to last week
end the British Foreign Office was putting
heavy pressure on France and Egypt to
agree to seat the Chinese Communists in
the United Nations. Bevin thought this
would bring Russia back into the UN and
help compose the world's differences. How-
ever, the British Foreign Office is now ex-
pected to abandon its efforts, and with-
drew recognition from Communist China
*I * *
BOGGED DOWN IN CHINA-Some of
America's top diplomats are secretly fearful
that the real motive behind the Communist
attack on Korea is Moscow's hope to involve
the United States in a military campaign
against the Chinese Communists ...
Moscow is reported to believe that a war
between the U.S. and China would last forj
generations, would sap America's strength
to the point where we could not resist Rus-
sian advances in other parts of the world.
This was one reason Chiang Kai-Shek's
offer to send troops to South Korea was
NO MORE DETROITS-By the end of
this year, the government will start a limit-
ed dispersal of industry. Within a few
months, the location of every new factory
will be determined by the federal govern-
ment in an attempt to relieve the dangerous
overconcentration of America's industrial
burgh. In other words, population under the
1960 census will not depend on such factors
might in such cities as Detroit and Pitts-
as markets, labor supply and raw materials;
but on the atomic bomb.
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
IF, ON A FULL and final review, my life
T IS DIFFICULT to perceive the motives
of the Department of Speech in its choice
of "The Corn Is Green," by the English
playwright, Emlyn Williams, as the first
offering of the summer season, at the Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theater.
Though the individual performances
were more than adequate, the sentimental
vehicle moved slowly, exhibiting a remark-
able lack of dramatic intensity.
There was little sympathy with the con-
flict of Miss Moffat, a quietly crusading
woman who has relegated her middle-aged
talents to educating a group of impoverish-
ed children in a mining community.
In her prize student, Morgan Evans, play-
ed by Jim Bob Stephenson, Miss Moffat
(Claribel Baird) envisions a savior of the
exploited miners. Her belief in his capacities
was difficult to defend, the only basis be-
ing a short sentence in a written exercise
he has submitted early in the educational
Mrs. Baird exhibited refreshing charm in
the opening passages but failed to maintain
an enthusiastic pace, resulting in the inabil-
ity of the audience to accept her as a com-
pletely sympathetic character.
For this reason, her struggle to educate
Evans and have him admitted to Oxford
is almost meaningless to the onlooker. The
triumph can best be described as bathetic;
the play's sluggishness and failure to im-
press is the result of weak drama.
The attempt in the third act to establish
sympathy for Miss Moffat and Evans is un-
bearably sentimental; in spite of the efforts
of the pair to cope with the writing.
Warren Pickett, as the bombastic Squire,
Doris Medina, as the cockney wench whose
only interest is in the "finer" things of life,
and Bernice ' Daniel, as Mrs. Watty, the
(Continued from Page 2)
General Library, main lobby
cases. Contemporary literature
and art (June 26-July 26).
Museum of Archaeology. From
Tombs and Towns of Ancient
Museums Building. Rotunda
exhibit, American Indian stimu-
lants. Exhibition halls, "Trees
Past and Present." Fridays, 7:00-
Law Library. History of Law
School (basement); sclassics for
collectors (reading room).
Michigan Historical Collections.
160 Rackham Building. A Century
Clements Library. One Hundred
Michigan Rarities (June 26-July
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall: Modern Graphic Art;
Oriental Ceramics; through July
30; weekdays 9-5, Sundays 2-5.
The public is invited.
Classical Studies, Coffee hour,
Thursday, July 6, at 4:00 p.m., in
the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building. Students in
the Department, and others inter-
ested in the Classics, are invited
The French Club will meet
Thursday, July 6, at 8 p.m. in the
West Conference Room, 3rd floor,
of the Rackham Building. Caus-
erie, songs, games. All students
and faculty members interested
are cordially invited to join the
club. No fees.
Deutsches Haus, 1101 Church
Street, will hold open house on
Thursday, July 6, from 7:30 un-
til 10 p.m. There will be games
and singing, and refreshments will
be served. Everyone is cordially
String Teaching Conference, on
Thursday, July 6, Hussey Room,
Michigan League. Program: 9 a.m.,
Forum "Live demonstration in
solving the instrumental problems
of string group activity." 11:00,
Concert by the University of
Michigan Stanley Quartet. 2:00,
Forum "How can our string de-
partment best serve the needs' of
music and the string teachers of
Michigan?" Gilbert Ross, Oliver
del, and audience.
Phi Delta Kappa meeting on
Thursday, July 6. 6 to 8 p.m. at
Michigan Union. Purpose: Busi-
ness and pleasure. Go through
the Cafeteria Line at the MichiP.
gan Union and take your tray to
the Faculty Dining Room.
University Community Center
Thurs., July 6, 8 p.m., Ceramics.
Play, presented by the Depart-1
ment of Speech. "The Corn Is
Green" by "Emlyn Williams.8:00
p.m., Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
University of Michigan Sailing
Club: Business meeting, Thursday,
7:30 p.m., 311 West Engine. Every-
University Museums: The Pro-
gram of the University Museums
on next Friday evening, July 7, is
entitled "Mammalian Survival."
The featured exhibits in the Mu-
seums Building will be open to the
public from 7 to 9 p.m. Moving
pictures entitled "Realm of the
Wild" will be shown at 7:30 p.m.
in Kellogg Auditorium in the Den-
A special exhibit entitled "The
Coal Flora of Michigan" is on
rdisplay in the Rotunda of the
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy: Friday, July 7, at 8:30
to 10 p.m., Angell Hall. The stu-
dent observatory, fifth floor, will
be open for observation of Saturn
and Mars with the telescopes. If
the sky is not clear, the visitors'
night will be cancelled. Children
must be accompanied by adults.
Reception for foreign students,
auspices of the International
Center. 7:30-12:00 p.m., Rackham
Assembly Hall and Terrace. Fri-
day, July 7.
Play, presented by the Depart-
ment of Speech. "The Corn Is
Green" by Emlyn Williams. 8:00
p.m., Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
Friday, July 7.
Contemporary Arts and Society
Program. Panel discussion: Pro-
fessors Ciardi (Harvard Univer-
sity), Ross Finney (University of
Michigan), Edward W.iRannells
(University of Kentucky), Charles
Stevenson (University of Michi-
gan). 4:15 p.m., Rackham Lecture
Hall. Friday, July 7.
THE CENSUS Bureau reports
that about 1,750,000 persons
were added to the working force
between May and early June,
bringing the total number em-
ployed almost up to the record
level of July, 1948. At the same
time, however, unemployment,
which had been steadily declining
since February, turned upward
again, rising to 3,384,000 as com-
pared with 3,057,000 in May. The
increase in number of unemploy-
ed was, to be sure, smaller than
anticipated, and is said to be due
entirely to the influx of school-
age persons into the labor mar-
ket, unemployment among adult
workers having registered a fur-
ther decline. Nevertheless the
record emphasizes the difficulty
of providing sufficient jobs to ab-
sorb a rapidly growing labor force
even under favorable conditions,
with agricultural employment ap-
proaching its seasonal peak and
industrial activity at high and,
-The Washington Post
CONTINUED dependence upon
relief induces a spiritual and
ly destructive to the national fi-
bre. To dole out relief in this way
is to administer a narcotic, a
subtle destroyer of the human
INSTEAD OF A DESIRE to accept mediation, Russia appears more
interested now, following direct allied military intervention, in get-
ting out of the whole thing with some face left. This is strongly sug-
gested by Gromyko's statement Monday night, emphasizing Russia's
non-interventionist policy and comparing the right of the Koreans to
settle their country's status among themselves with the American
As a matter of fact, India seems to have cooled off on the
mediation idea within a few hours of its publication. Her UN re-
presentative agrees that "the time is not ripe." But India does
continue to cite the beneficial results of negotiations between the
prime ministers of India and Pakistan in the Kashmir matter
as an example of the possibilities of high level conferences. Stalin
and Truman are obviously in the Indians' mind.
Instead of mediation and the like, attention at Lake Success is cen-
tered on implementation of the Korean intervention program. The
Security Council is expected to meet within 48 hours to clarify General
MacArthur's status in the allied program, probably to designate him
as the UN commander over and above his duties as allied high com-
mander in the area. Use of the UN flag beside the national banners of
the participating allies is expected to follow.
** * *
INDICATIONS ARE that the United States wants someone else to
carry the resolutions ball on these matters, to get somewhat away
from the appearance that the Security Council is acting as a rubber
stamp for American policy in Korea.
Gromyko tried to make a lot out of this UN-U.S. parallel,
accusing the Council of permitting itself to be used as a puppet, gr
words to that effect.
What Gromyko doesn't say, although he couldn't have stayed -at
Lake Success as long as he did without knowing it, is that instead of
"using" the Council, the U.S. and the other members have been forced
into an identity of interest. And the force which resulted in fusion
comes from Gromyko and his friends.
** * i
Korea War Background
By Drew Pearson and the Associated Press
BASICALLY, STALIN, like the Czar, yearns to dominate North Asia
-later Southeast Asia. The chief roadblock in his path is Japan,
where an American occupation has made some slight progress in
spreading democracy among Japan's impressionable people.
A Japanese democracy, challenging a Communist Asia, is the
last thing Stalin wants.
Also, domination of Japan would make the island stepping-stones
down the east flank of Asia-Formosa, the Philippines, Indonesia-
fall like ripe plums into the Kremlin's lap.
In fact, the highly industrialized, energetic Japanese people could
be the easiest of all to convert to Communism, could help greatly in
converting the rest of Asia.
That is why the Korean spearhead, pointed at Japan, just
about 100 miles across the Straits of Fusan, is so important to
Moscow. Korea itself is not important economically. It is a pov-
erty stricken, eroded country which will cost money to support.
It is mostly mountains, interspersed by narrow valleys and dotted
with muddy rice paddies.
The rainy season, now on, combines with the terrain to hamper
military operations both on the ground and in the air.
These factors affect the invading Communists about as much
as they do the defending South- -
eriers and the newly-arived
The Uijongbu Valley, down
which the surprise Northern in-
vasion, thrust to Seoul, is about
the best spot in the country for
the use of tanks, and that is
where the Communists used them
successfully against a foe who had
none. Deeper south, the country
becomes more rugged and the
difficulties of operating tanks in-
Most Korean streams can be
forded during the dry winters but
in the rainy season are torrents
that must be bridged.
. * * *
POLITICALLY and strategical-
ly, Korea is the first essential
step in dominating Japan. Psy-
chologically, the Japanese have
Korea, and Japan as one area.
Economically, the Japanese need
Korea as a market. Strategically,
it is only a hop across the narrow
Fusan Straits, and in the old
days ferry boats crossed from the
mainland of Korea to Japan two
or three times a day.
That is why President Tru-
man's decision to use the arm-
ed forces of the United States
in Korea is so momentous. And
that is why Stalin is not likely
to take this American blocking
move lying down.
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Walter Shapero. .. Assoc. Business Mgr.
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of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all, other
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Subscription during regular school
year by carrier. $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
is why the next six
are going to be crucial
-Franklin D. Roosevelt
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