THE MICHIGAN DAILY
VMDNE$DAY. JUIX IL W-C
THE MCHIGN DALY WENESDY. JLYag;;95
THOMAS L. STOKES:
eWASHINGTON-The forces of modera-
tion and moderate progressivism in the
South suffered another reversal this week
when Herman Talmadge was renominated
governor of Georgia.
The son of the late Gene Talmadge, like
his father a rabid exponent of "white su-
premacy," exploited the racial issue in his
successful campaign as was done in neigh-
boring North Carolina to defeat Senator
Frank Graham, outstanding Southern pro-
gressive leader, in the runoff primary there
a few days previously.
This upsurge of racial demagogy, which
played its part also in the defeat of Sena-
tor Claude Pepper in Florida several
weeks ago, is a sad and discouraging
trend for the South and the nation. For,
aside from its evil effects, it was used, as
so often before, by powerful special in-
terests to check the advance of social and
economic progress so needed in that see-
This new and heavily-financed onslaught
in the South was not taken lying down. In
Georgia, for instance, former Governor M.
E. Thompson, Talmadge's opponent, ran
neck and neck in statewide popular vote.
But the popular vote is not the deciding
factor in Georgia. It is county unit votes
which decide elections under its antique
3ystem. Talmadge piled up a big majority
of county unit votes by concentrating his
campaign, as did his father, in the rural
counties for which the system is heavily
weighted, and where his special type of
* * *
U NDER THE SYSTEM, counties are arbi-
trarily divided into three classes by
population categories-two unit-vote coun-
ties, four, and six, so that the most thinly
populated county gets two votes, and the
most heavily populated only six. The last
includes Fulton county, where Atlanta is
located, with 200,000 population and, in
the most extreme case of comparison, it
takes 122 votes there to equal one vote in
sparsely populated Chattahoochee County.
When Gene Talmadge, the father, ran
for governor the last time-he did not
ive to serve-he lost in popular votes,
but was elected by county unit votes, thus
proving the efficacy of his strategy which
he expressed by saying he never cam-
paigned in a county which had a street
That minority election-the first time it
had happened in the case of governor-.
caused a revulsion in Georgia against the
system among the almost disfranchised city
voters, including increasingly politically
* * *
NO RELIEF is possible. in the Legislature,
for there, too, the rural counties con-
itrol. So to the courts went two successive
- cases. They eventually came to the Supreme
Court which held, in each instance, that it
could not intervene; but in the second, de-
cided only recently, there was a vigorous
dissent by Justices Black and Douglas which
held that the system infringed fundamental
rights of citizens, saying, "One of 'these
rights is the right to vote, and to have it
counted-and to have it counted at full
The Court's opinion was hailed by the
Talmadgeites. Governor Talmadge put
through the Legislature some time ago a
constitutional amendment, to be voted on
at the general election in November,
which would extend the system beyond
the primary also to general elections.
The Talmadgeites raised a howl about
another recent Supreme Court decision
banning segregation in two specific cases
at the University of Oklahoma and the Uni-
versity of Texas law school, and immediate-
ly Talmadge seized upon this as a campaign
issue in his appeal to racial prejudice, as
was done likewise in the campaign against
Senator Graham in North Carolina. This
came fortuitously for him when it had be-
come apparent that Thompson was be-
ginning to make headway with a dogged,
Truman type of campaign from town to
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP DAWSON
+ ART +1
THE UNIVERSITY summer session has an
open-handed way of pouring out its of-
ferings of culture and enlightenment, and
this season it has brought us, together with
the usual fine concerts, lectures and plays,
an art exhibition, or rather a group of them,
of unusual brilliance and distinction. As
part of its program in Contemporary Arts
and Society the summer session has spon-
sored a double exhibition in the Rackham
Galleries which has a great deal to offer
both to the special student and to the lay-
* * *
ONE SECTION of this, entitled Contem-
porary Visual Arts, and promoted by
the College of Architecture and Design, was
organized by Prof. Emil Weddige of the
staff of that college. The other, American
Painting Since the War, the offering of the
Department of Fine Arts, was arranged by
Mr. Frederick Wight, educational director
of the Institute of Contemporary Art of
Boston, for the summer on the staff of the
University. Both exhibitions are of great
interest, and admirably supplement each
The tone of the occasion is set by the
exhibition of Contemporary Visual Arts,
THE SUMMER brings quiescence in stu-
dent government and activities and a
short time for reflection on current and fu-
ture aims and methods.
Student government was, we hope, ori-
ginally established as an essential feature
of higher education for the fundamental
purpose of entering the student view-
point into the formulation of administra-
Yet there are those who would support
the quasi-Marxian theory that the history
of the University is the history of class
struggle between the student body and the
And to some extent this is a valid analy-
sis. Witness the liquor ban, the driving ban,
the Phillips ban.
There are, of course, certain powers and
functions which must be executed solely
by the administration. And there is a scope
of activities too picayune or far removed
for administrative officials to carry on.
It is the third area - the middle
ground - over which most of the battles
In the fight for this middle ground, the
outcome is often determined by the motives
of the student participating. And it is dis-
couraging to note some of these goals as
they really are.
There is a constant and ultimately dan-
gerous misconception among certain self-
styled student "leaders" that the real end
in their righteous wars for more student
control should be a rather vigorous exercise
of the larynx and the resulting publicity
which noise inevitably brings.
These individuals have shown time and
again that they do not function as instru-
ments of the students' will. By their com-
plete disregard of the most rudimentary
rules of diplomacy, they have alienated many
Most of them would be the first to criti-
cize the tactics of the notorious McCarthy.
And yet they are his infantile disciples.
Thus great enterprises turn awry, and
the student voice is drowned out by the
tactless outbursts of the egomaniacs who
fallaciously claim a representative func-
It is unfortunate that the student point
of view is often ignored by the administra-
tion. It is even more unfortunate that this
continual "oversight" should find its origin
in the student body itself.
The picture is not completely black, how-
ever. The campus is also inhabited by a bet-
ter breed of student fighters, though we have
to look far to find them.
Their theory is that progress toward
a happier campus life can best be accom-
plished through working with the Uni-
versity officials rather than against them.
This is a difficult task. It requires insight
and intelligence. It necessitates weeding out
the campus politicians who are primarily
interested in headlines.
But it is tremendously important to the
progress, and even the survival, of the po-
tentially powerful instrument of student
which attempts, within a limited space, to
show a small cross-section of the finest
products of the contemporary creative
artist. These, it immediately and not too
surprisingly appears, are typewriters and
coffee tables no less than pictures, pots,
buildings, gardens, and sculpture. By
means of installations of unusual ingenu-
ity and rightness, examples of photographs
of such objects are presented in ways that
dramatize clearly their essential kinship
in style. Indeed it is not difficult to be-
lieve, in the presence of these admirably
integrated groupings of the diverse pro-
ducts of the modern designer, that the
style which our age appears to be creating
may eventually be no less distinct and
unified than those of some of the^ great
art epochs of the past.
Typical of the modern feeling for form
is the installation of this exhibit itself. Bare
functional steel members based on a system
of interchangeable prefabricated parts, cre-
ate the framework, provide the background,
and carry the load. More often than not
the vlls are such as the modern designer
calls "virtual," that is planes suggested
rather than built out of solid substance, and
so affording that titillation peculiar to con-
temporary architecture, the sense of being
both on the inside and the outside of the
same space at the same time.
Very interesting are the choices of ac-
ual objects. The furniture and textiles
are by our best known top-flight designers,
and the architecture is by Alden Dow and
Walter B. Sanders, the latter now a pro-
fessor in the College of Architecture and
Design. Various local painters and crafts-
men are represented - Kamrowski, La-
More, the Lopezes, Valero, Wilt, Gores,
Heller, Lahti, Weddige, and in sculpture,
McClure - in every case with excellent
A rewarding amplification of the sec-
tion of modern design concerned with paint-
ing is afforded by the exhibit assembled by
Mr. Wight in the two end galleries. Here
also the selections have been wisely made,
and in -a small space a great deal has been
suggested. A few of the paintings shown are
from a local private collection and gain new
lustre when thus displayed in a public
gallery, enhanced by, and in turn enhanc-
ing, their rightful contemporaries. Most of
the painters represented have been seen at
*one time or another in local exhibits of
American art, but it is a pleasure to pay
tribute to such excellent examples of their
work as the canvasses by Knaths, Baziotes,
McIver, Greene, Tanguy, and Hyman Bloom.
The offering by the latter, a major work
by a young artist of unusual talent, comes
here trailing the breath of the scandal
which it recently created when shown in the
Virginia Biennial of American Painting at
Richmond. In the present setting it'reveals
itself as a sound composition and a beauti-
ful piece of painting; if there have been any
murmurs about its subject-matter, "Female
Corpse," none of them have thus for come
to the ears of this reviewer.
* * *
OBVIOUSLY, THE MORE abstract paint-
ings here display the typically modern
feeling for form more clearly than .do those
which are more traditional and descriptive.
The relationship between Pereira, Pollock,
Margo, Davis, Ghikas, Knaths and the pro-
ducts of modern design in the central gal-
leries is not too difficult to discover. But
the entire collection offers admirable docu-
mentation of some of the leading trends in
contemporary American painting.
Supplementing these exhibits, and bear-
ing likewise upon the special theme of
Contemporary Arts and Society, the Mu-
seum of Art has arranged in Alumni Me-
morial Hall a showing of Modern Graphic
Art, with materials drawn from its own
collections. In one gallery devoted to the
Expressionists there are admirable draw-
ings or prints by Grosz, Beckmann, Nolde,
Dix, Kokoschka, Heckel, Schmitt-Rottluff,
Kollwitz and others, some of them recent
accessions and here shown for the first
time. Another gallery is made up of draw-
ings or prints solely by the three great
French contemporaries, Picasso, Matisse,
and Rouault. The extent of the Univer-
sity's holdings in the work of figures such
as these may be a surprise to those who
have not followed the Museum's collect-
A third display, to include modern paint-
ings and water colors together with further
modern drawings and prints, and in partic-
ular a group of drawings by modern sculp-
tors, will open in West Gallery after a slight
delay caused by current renovations to the
walls. All the exhibitions of the summer ses-
sion will continue until the end of July. The
Rackham Galleries are open weekdays from
2 to 5 and from 7 to 10 p.m., closed on Sun-
days. The galleries of Alumni Memorial
Hall are open weekdays from 9 until 5, and
on Sundays from 2 until 5.
-Jean Paul Slusser
"You Weren't Supposed To Be Able To Hit"
i t d
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Korea on the Fourth
KoreaBy 3. M. ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
"WHEN A LONG TRAIN of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invari-
ably the same object, evidence a design to reduce them under
absolute despotism," then, said the American Continental Congress
174 years ago men must fight.
TEN FATEFUL DAYS have gone by since Communist imperialism
cast the gauntlet of aggression into the face of the United Na-
tions and the peace-loving nations of the world. A week since the
United States and the United Nations accepted the challenge.
Ten days ago the United Nations was saturated in impotence.
Washington was pursuing a poorly defined and vacillating course
in the Far East and, while still paying lip service to the UN and its
ideals, had actually "written off" the world organization as a practical
factor in the cold war.
* * * *
SUDDENLY, as North Korea's Communist army swept into UN and
U.S. sponsored South Korea, America had to assume in full fact
the responsibilities toward which her program of Communist contain-
ment had been carrying her for three years. And the United Nations
became a focal point of American policy.
Unanimity of world reaction against aggression was given an
immediate outlet. The UN, working without the inhibiting presence
of Soviet Russia, moved swiftly and cogently.
The U.S. moved swiftly, but only committing itself step by step
according to the increasing demands of the situation. First came
American planes and patrolling warships, then British warships, then
American ground forces and Australian planes. As the second week of
the Korean war began, 39 nations had aligned themselves behind the
policy of the United Nations and of the United States. Some, under
the circumstances of the emergency, were expected to do no more
than lend their moral support. Others would, as time went on, contri-
bute in greater or lesser degree to the actual campaign to put the Com-
munist back beyond their boundary and end the fighting.
Immersed in its own materialistic viewpoint, Communism could
not conceive that America would fight for political principle so far
from home. The Kremlin was wrong.
* -*.* *
TODAY THE UN is mobilized to enforce its decisions. U.S. policy in
Asia has done an affirmative and firm about-face.
Today, in Korea, American troops move into battle for the pledges
of the last three years. Americans are joined by a host of other peoples
in saying that for the support of these new-old principles, "we mutual-
ly pledge each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor."
- f js
If mo'E 1g ca,.,
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
U 1 1
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructivenotice toall
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Summer Session, Room 3510 Admin-
istration Building, by 3:00 p.m. on
the day preceding publication(11:00
WEDNSDAY, JULY 5, 1950
VOL. LX, No, 6-S
Preliminary Examinations in
English: Candidates for the Ph.D.
in English who expect to take the
preliminary examinations this
summer are requested to leave
their names with Dr. Ogden, 3230
Angell Hall, at once. The exam-
Inations will be given as follows:
English Literature to 1550, July
19; English Literature 1550-1750,
July 22; English Literature 1750-
1950, July 26; American Litera-
ture, July 29. These examinations
will be given in Room 276 in the
School of Business Administration
Building from 9 to 12 a.m.
The Bureau of Appointments
has had a personnel request for
an engineering draftsman for
electronic equipment of aircraft.
Very good drafting experience is
essential. For further informa-
tion call at the Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3528 Administration
Bureau of Appointments will
hold a meeting Thursday, July
6 at 4 p.m. in Rm. 231 Angell Hall
for those interested in registering
with both teaching and general
divisions of the Bureau.
Dr. Leon Brillouin, director of
education for the International
Business Machines Corporation,
will give a lecture on "Statistical
Thermodynamics, in Relation to
the Theory of Information, as de-
veloped by C. E. Shannon and N.
Wiener," at 4 p.m., Thursday, July
6, in Rm. 1400, Chemistry Bldg.
Open to those interested.
Linguistic Institute. "What Is
a Language?" Professor Bernard
Bloch, Yale University. 1 p.m., to-
day, Michigan Union.
Speech Assembly. "Levels of
Training." Wendell Johnson, Di-
rector of Speech Clinic, Univer-
sity of Iowa. 3 p.m., today, Rack-
Contemporary Arts and Society
Program. Lecture, 4:15 p.m., to-
day, Architecture Auditorium.
Institute on the Near East. Lec-
ture, "Geographical Reconnais-
sance of the Near East" (illustrat-
ed). Assistant Professor Douglasc
D. Crary. 4:15 p.m., today, Kellogg
Professor Leslie W. Kindred of
Temple University will speak or
"Building Better Public Relations'
this afternoon at 3 p.m. today ir
the Auditorium of the Universit3
The Corn is Green will open the
Department of Speech's summer
series of plays tonight at the Lyd-
ia Mendelssohn Theater at 8 p.m.
The play, a N.Y. Drama Critics
Circle Award winner will run
throughASaturday night. Tickets
for all performances are on sale
at the Mendelssohn box office.
Sociedad Hispanica: The first
meeting of the summer session
will take place at 8 p.m. in the
East Conference Room, Rackham
Bldg. Program: Two Documen-
tary Films on Latin America. The
public is cordially invited.
University Community Center
8 p.m., Wives' Club Refreshment
Committee Meeting; and Nursery
Geometry Seminar: 3 p.m., to-
day in 3001 Angell Hall. Mr. C. C.
Buck will speak on "The inversive
group in projective geometry."
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
Bible Study, "Upper Room," Lane
Hall, 7:30 p.m. Topic: I Thesaal-
onians, Chapter two.
U. of M. Hostel Club: Meeting
at League in Kalamazoo Room,
7:30 p.m. First meeting, especial-
ly for new members, to discuss
summer trip plans.
University of Michigan Flying
Club: Meeting at 7:30 p.m., Rm.
1042 East Engineering. Aviation
enthusiasts welcome to join.
Meeting of all Pi Lambda Theta
members at 7:30 p.m. in the Lib-
rary of the University Elementary
School. Planning for summer ses-
sion program will be considered.
All members are urged to be pre-
Chess Club: First summer ses-
sion meeting, 7:30 p.m., Michigan
Union, Rm. 3A. Non-members are
cordially invited. Instruction is
available for beginners.
The French Club will meet
Thursday, July 6, at 8 p.m. in the
West Conference Room, 3rd floor,
of the Rackham Building. Caus-
erie, songs, games. All students
and faculty members interested
are cordially invited to join the
club. No fees.
Graduate History Club: Thurs-
day, July 6, 8 p.m., Basement, Cle-
ments Library. Topic: Korea.
Deutsches Haus, 1101 Church
Street, will hold open house on
Thursday, July 6, from 7:30 un-
til 10 p.m. There will be games
and singing, and refreshments will
be served. Everyone is cordially
Phi Delta Kappa meeting on
Thursday, July 6. 6 to 8 p.m. at
Michigan Union. Purpose: Busi-
ness and pleasure. Go through.
the Cafeteria Line at the Michi-
gan Union and take your tray to
the Faculty Dining Room.
General Library, main lobby
cases. Contemporary literature
and art (June 26-July 26).
Museum of Archaeology. From
Tombs and Towns of Ancient
exhibit, American Indian stimu-
lants. Exhibition halls, "Trees
Past and Present." Fridays, 7:00-
Law Library. History of Law
School (basement); classics for
collectors (reading room).
Michigan Historical Collections.
160 Rackham Building. A Century
Clements Library. One Hundred
Michigan Rarities (June 26-July
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall: Modern Graphic Art;
Oriental Ceramics; through July
30; weekdays 9-5, Sundays 2-5.
The public is invited.
A vast, dense cloud is blanketing
1,200,000 square miles of the
Pacific, and meteorologists are
speculating on where it might have
Maybe, they say, wind-blown
African desert sands caused it,
or maybe an explosive eruption
around New Guinea, or maybe
even an atomic explosion.
Has it occurred to them to
check ,on some of Senator Joe
McCarthy's latest foggy speeches
as a most likely "source?
AT Redlands, Calif., Bishop
Alexander P. Shaw of Balti-
more is presiding over the South-
ern California-Arizona A n n u a 1
Conlfrience of the Methodist
Tlati's unusual, because Bi-
shop Shaw happens to be a Ne-
The;.world does move, and dis-
crimination d o e s disintegrate,
slowly but steadily.
-St. Louis Star-Times
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Philip Dawson........Managing Editor
Pat Brownson.......Women's Edto
Roger Wellington....Business Manager
Walter Shapero... Assoc. Business Mgr.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Anl
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mai
Subscription during regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
CURREN MOI' I
A t The Michigan.. .
BRIGHT LEAF, with Gary Cooper,
Lauren $acalI, Donald Crisp, Patricia
GARY COOPER is a, tired man. He looks
it and acts it as he drags the entire
cast under in this second-rate presentation
of a private tobacco war.
The plot is the old power-and-revenge
routine. Cooper returns to his ole Suth-
uhn homestead to avenge his stolen land,
taken by Donald Crisp, a tobacco tyrant.
With the gradual acquiring of power,
f+nn .. na.nrr~. rs.. itrah m - . ,
Carson is treated as more of an outsider
than a coordinated member of the cast, and
is used only when an occasional bit of hu-
mor is needed. Even Donald Crisp falls vic-
tim to the picture's mediocrity as he wavers
between a Southern accent and a Scottish
The only worthwhile performance is turn-
ed in by Patricia Neal. The cool-eyed, cool-
hearted beauty quickens the slow motion
pace with her cruel cunning as the anxiety-
In too many stuffy costume pictures, a
cluttered setting and expensive cast are
Are you in bed, dear?
Barnaby! Here's exactly
the kind of mah your
Fairy Godfather wants
to do business with..,.
Listed under "Loans"-
It looks as though the neighbors have
chosen you to lead the-fight against
the highway coming through here, John.
I'll call that guy Friendly in
the morning and make one last
appeal to him. If I can get him.
to sell his land, the state will
build on the other side of town.
Isn't it pretty late to call
tonight, Mr. O'Mqjley?,
These big shots g4t
where they are by
hard work, m'boy.
Mr. friendly will b&
C; at his desk all right.
IT WILL PROBABLY BE DENIED, but
Governor Dewey does not plan to support
Lieut. Gov. Joe Hanley for the New York
GOP gubernatorial nomination. Hanley, now
7 n , i vP1ame+gi(afc hX - 1''a .-., . s-. ..]
I _--TT - --- - -,- -- ---
Hello. First National
Friendly Loan Company?E
I wish to speak with
This is J. J. O'Malley, the
restaurauteur speaking. I'm.
fabina a chA.ainf olr.
Yes. I've prevailed upon the
state to drop its plans for
I ana sette rtis hianway oroolem- 1