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July 05, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-07-05

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TALMADGE's VICTORY
See Page 2

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

:43 a t Ig

MOSTLY CLOUDY

A

VOL, LX, No. 6-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 1950

SIX PA(

U.S.

Troops

Enter
* * ** *.*

Battle

in

South

Kore

Monroney
Gains Lead
In Primaries

* * *

4>

* * *

* * *

* * *

t

Count See-Saws
In Southern Race

OKLAHOMA C I T Y-(A')-In-
cumbent Elmer Thomas and Rep.
Mike Monroney tugged back and
forth yesterday in a tight race
for Oklahoma's Democratic U.S.
Senate nomination.
Returns from 1131 of 3,786 pre-
cincts in Oklahoma's primary
election early this morning gave
for democratic U.S. senator: Mon-
roney 47,450; Thomas 46,656.
4' THE THOMAS - MONRONEY
scrap had held national interest
largely because of Thomas' chair-
manship of the Senate Agricul-
ture Committee.
If neither wins a majority of
votes cast in the seven-man race
1 a July 25 run-off race will be
necessary.
Prime issues in the Senate race
have been farm price supports and
public power policies. Both candi-
dates have bid strongly for sup-
port of the farm vote.
* * *
SEVEN of the state's eight Con-
gressmen are seeking re-election,
Monroney being the exception. All
Congressmen are Democrats.
Rep. Carl Albert, Third District,
and Rep. George Howard Wilson,
eighth, drew no primary opposi-
tion.
Rep. Dixie Gilmer, First Dis-
trict, has remained in a naval
hospital throughout the cam-
paign with friends handling his
race. Opposing him is 'Wesley
V. Disney, 30-year-old son of
former Congressman Wesley E.
Disney.
Two young war veterans, John
Jarman and William A. Berry,
both of Oklahoma City, are top
contenders for Monroney's post.
The district includes Oklahoma
City.
* * *
A REPUBLICAN Senate primary
race, unusual for normally-Demo-
cratic Oklahoma, also has devel-
oped. Top contenders are the Rev.
W. H. Bill Alexander, pastor of
Oklahoma City's First Christian
Church, and Raymond H. Fields,
y long-time newspaperman and for-
mer national American Legion of-
ficial.
.4
x Seek French,
German Pool
Of Agriculture
PARIS-(P)--French and Ger-
man farm leaders proposed yester-
day that the two countries pool
their agricultural products along
the lines of the Schuman plan
for coal and steel.
This extension of the original
plan for a limited degree of eco-
nomic unity was made as dele-
gates of six Western European
nations began drafting details of
the revolutionary treaty to pool
coal and steel production under
a supra-national authority.
* * *
THE SIX countries - France,
Western Germany, Italy, the
Netherlands, Belgium and Luxem-
bourg - have agreed on princi-
ples for such union. They set up
five working committees today to
hammer out the details.
These committees will work
in strictest secrecy. None of
their decisions will be made pub-
lic until they are ready to re-
port to a general plenary ses-
sion.
The new agricultural plan,
drawn up by officers and experts
from the farm organizations of
France and Germany, will be pre-
sented to government officials of
the two countries.

Rail Strikers,
Owners Meet

SUWON AIRFIELD-Korean soldiers repair damage inflicted by Russian-built fighters in strafing
and bombing attacks. The airfield was later captured by Communist armies in their drive upon

Suwon. Plane in background is U.S. F-82 fighter.
* * * * *

*

* * *

ar Echoes In Ho liday Celebrations

By The Associated Press
America celebrated the long-ago
birth of its own freedom on a
somber note yesterday while U.S.
troops fought on foreign soil to
save the independence of Com-
munist-invaded South Korea.
President Truman set the mood
of serious reflection on the dangers
to world peace as he passed the
day quietly in his temporary resi-
dence at Blair House.

Echoes of the far Pacific strug-
gle reached into the Pentagon and
other key federal agencies, where
thousands of govrenment workers
gave up the Fourth of July holi-
day to work.
* * *
BUT ELSEWHERE - on thou-
sands of beaches, picnic grounds,
baseball parks, in cities and vaca-
tion spots-Americans sought to
dispel fears of another great war

'GLORIOUS FOURTH':
Michigan Heads Death List
As National Toll Passes 700

By The Associated Press
Violent deaths from the four-
day Independence holiday in the
nation soared above the 700mark
late last night, Michigan's toll
leading with 48 dead.
The huge national total threat-
ened the all-time record and was
far above advance expectations.
* * *
WITH SOME later reports still
expected from the heavy home-'
ward trek on the nation's high-
ways, this was the toll:
Total killed - 711; traffic
deaths - 443; drownings -- 157;
deaths from miscellaneous cau-
ses -- 111.
In Michigan, the causes were
divided as follows:
Traffic deaths - 31; drownings
- 13;; miscellaneous accidents -
four.
California, with 47 dead, ranked
second among the states.
* * *
THE NATIONAL Safety Coun-
cil had forecast that 385 would
be killed in highway accidents in
the 102 hour period from 6 p.m.
local time Friday to midnight last
night.
New French
Cabinet Fills
On First Test
PARIS - (P) - Premier Henri
Queuille's new government was
toppled by the votes of Socialists,
Communists and De Gaullists on
its first test in the National As-
sembly yesterday, 336 to 221.
The vote came on a point of
procedure. Two questions had
been placed before the House by
opposition deputies on the make-
up of the cabinet and the policy
it intended to follow. Queuille
asked that the questions be pig-
eon-holed. The Assembly rejected
his request.

People were being killed in ac-
tivities associated with the holi-
day observance slightly faster than
at a rate of one every ten minutes.
Last year, only 296 were killed
in traffic accidents during the
three-day Fourth of July obser-
vance.
The postwar record for holi-
day traffic fatalities was set dur-
ing last year's three-day Labor
Day week end - 410.
The all time record ,was set in
Christmas week 1936 when 761 met,
violent death - 55 in traffic ac-
cidents.
There was not a single fire-
works fatality. One such report in
New Hampshire was found ground-
less.
Ciardi, Finney
Will Lecture
The theme of "Communication
in the Arts," which opens the
three-week course on contempor-
ary arts and society, will be pre-
sented in its relation to literature
and music by lectures today and
tomorrow and in a panel discus-
sion Friday.
Prof. John Ciardi of the English
department, Harvard University,
will give today's lecture on "The
Metaphoric Sense." The lecture
on music will be given tomorrow
by Prof. Ross Lee Finney of the
music school, who will discuss
Hindemith's "Mathis der Mahler."
The lectures will be given at 4:15
p.m. in the Architecture Auditor-
ium.
The panel discussion will deal
with all the arts in their relation
to the theme of the week and will
be moderated by Prof. Charles L.
Stevenson of the philosophy de-
partment.

and celebrated with the tradi-
tional "Glorious Fourth" devices
of hot dogs, soda pop and fire-
works.
The weather was reported
close to ideal over most of the
nation, with generally clear skiesi
and temperatures ranging from
pleasantly warm to broiling hot.
In Washington, a night fireworks
display around the Washington'
Manument featured huge portraits
of George Washington and Presi-
dent Truman.
* * *
AT UNITED NATIONS head-
quarters in New York, top-level
officials worked throughout the
holiday on a plan to coordinate
UN action to end the Korean war.
The Security Council is expected
to meet again tomorrow to con-
sider the coordination plan, on
Which details have still to be work-
ed out.
Under UN auspices, the "Voice
of America" and the British
Broadcasting Company began a
news bulletin service, opening with
a statement that governments with
more than 1,000,000,000 popula-
tion are backing the UN effort to
end the Korean conflict.
AT VALLEY FORGE, Pa., Gen-
eral of the Army Dwight D. Eisen-
hower told the National Boy Scout
Jamboree that the U.S. decision to
aid the South Koreans was "ines-
capable."
Speaking at an Independence
Day rally of 47,000 Boy Scouts
attending the second national
Jamboree, General Eisenhower
said the South Koreans' only
"crime" has been "the desire to
live their own lives as they
chose, at peace with the rest
of the world."
"Now," he added, "our decision
must be carried to its conclusion
by whatever means are necessary.
The end is difficult to see. But for
us in Valley Forge,, where every
field and hill and stream reminds
us of George Washington, how can
we doubt eventual success if we
meet these issues firmly?"
* * *
IN WASHINGTON, John Foster
Dulles warned the nation that it
faces a heavy task in its struggle
with Communism and "before it is
finished we shall all of us have to
pay a price."
The Republican foreign policy
advisor spoke at the capital's In-
dependence Day celebration on the
Washington Monument grounds.
"We have never flinched when a
great principle was involved," he
said. "We are engaged today in
the same battle which was begun

UN To Name
M'Arthur as
Commander
Forces Allowed
To FlyUN Flag
WASHINGTON - (A) - Gen.
Douglas MacArthur probably will
be named United Nations com-
mander for the Korean.police ac-
tion and the forces under him
will be given the right to fly the
United Nations flag.
Diplomats said today those two
steps are included in a formula
being considered here as a means
of solving the Korean command'
problems.
The problems arise from the
fact that the United Nations has
never been able to form police
forces of its own and must now
rely in Korea on forces sent in
by member nations under last
wee's Security Council resolution.
MEANWHILE, in Reykjavik,
Iceland, the government notified
UN Secretary General Trygve Lie
that it approves the Security
Council's decision on Korea.
And the Israeli Parliament ap-
proved the govenment's action
backing up the United Nations
Security Council's resolution call-
ing for aid to South Korea.
* *-*
IN WASHINGTON, the Army
discounted any immediate pros-
pect of mobilizing reserves or us-
ing the draft to marshal new man-
power in conneetion with the Ko-
rean war crisis.
The Defense department is-
sued a formal statement outlin-
ing the army's position, as fol-
lows:
"The Department of the Army
stated today that it is not con-
templating asking for authority
to have Army reserves and reserve
units. called in the foreseeable fu-
ture.
PrimaryIHere
To Bring Only
Two Contests
Only two real contests will spark
the Sept. 12 primary elections in
Washtenaw County, a view of can-
didates for the one Congressional,
three state and seven county posts
reveals.
Six Republicans and three Dem-
ocrats filed before last Monday's
deadline for nomination to the
Congressional post of Rep. Earl
C. Michener, who is retiring from
his position. Two Republicans put
in their bids for nomination for
state representative from the
County's first district.
* * *
THERE WILL BE no contest for
the other nine offices, however, as
each party will be represented by
only one candidate for nomination.
On the Congressional level, the
Democratic bid is being sought
by Prof. John P. Dawson of the
Law School, William G. Sterling
III of Monroe and Jack Larsen
of Jackson.
George Meader, Harold L. Ward
and Henry C. Barnes, of Ann Ar-
bor and Murl K. Aten, Philip Kel-
ly, and John W. Bannasch of
Jackson are after the Republican
nomination.
* * *
THE CONTESTANTS for the
GOP's nomination for state repre-

sentative from the first district are
Lewis C. Christman, the incum-
bent and Mark M. Mayne. George
J. Burke, jr. is the unopposed
Democratic choice for the post.

MOSCOW - (AP) - Moscow's
newspapers gave their biggest
headlines today to demands for
the unconditional withdrawal of
American forces from Korea.
The statement of Deputy For-
eign Minister Andrei Gromyko
declaring the United Nations
should see to it that U.S. forces
are expelled from Korea was ac-
companied by reports of mass
meetings thoughout the Soviet
Union voicing similar opinons.I
S* * *
ACCOUNTS OF the mass meet-
ngs, in factories, institutes, clubs
and other places, bore such head-
lines as "Hands Off Korea," "Out
with Imperialists in Korea,"
"Wrathful Protest against Amer-
ican Military Intervention," "So-
viet People Unanimously Brand
with Shame Criminal Action of
American Government against
Korean People."
The Gromyko statement, first
W orld News
Roundup
TAIPEI, Formosa-(AP)-Nation-
alist naval headquarters yesterday
said its ships smashed a Chinese
Communist attempt to invade the
Tachen Islands Monday.
** *
ATHENS-(P)--Greek cable and
wireless employees today called a
strike, effective tomorrow morn-
ing, which will cut off all com-
munications with the outside world
with the exception of government
messages.
*k * *
FAYETTEVILLE, N.C. - ( P) -
Sgt. John W. Swetich made his
123rd jump at 11:15 last night to
set a new world's record for the
most consecutive parachute jumps.
Following his last jump at Sand-
rock Airport, the 32-year-old vet-
eran paratrooper from Dillon,
Mont., said:
"That's enough. I've got the
world's record and I better quit
now. I almost broke my neck on
that last jump because of the
wind."

broadcast last night from Mos-2
cow, declared the United States<
step by step is involving itself
in "open war" has presented
the United Nations with a faitt
accompli by intervening in Kor-
ea and is making that body ant
appendage of the U.S. State1
Department.t
Meanwhile, official sources in
London said India has informed
Russia and the United States she
is ready to attempt to mediate in
an effort to end the Korean fight-
ing. India voted in the Security
Council for the resolution calling
upon North Koreans to cease their
aggression and withdraw. She ab-
stained from a second resolution
calling on the UN members toJ
give hnilitary aid to South Korea,
but later informed the UN she was
accepting that resolution too.
In his statement, Gromyko de-
clared "the United Nations will
only fulfill its obligation to main-
tain peace if the Security Council
demands the unconditional ces-
sation of American military in-
tervention and the immediate
withdrawal of the American arm-
ed forces from Korea"
His statement also charged that
President Truman's orders to the
Navy to prevent a Communist at-
tack on Formosa was a direct ag-
gression against China, Russia's
ally, and that United States forces
intend to seize all Korea as a
"military and strategic spring-
board."
'U' Operations
Budgret OK'd
By Regents
A University budget for 1950-51
current operations of $18,364,747-
less than last year's by $410,000-
has been approved by the Board
of Regents.
"The reduction has been made
in such a way as to minimize its
adverse effect upon the teaching
programs"-so far as possible, Pro-
vyost James P. Adams said in an-
nouncing the budget.
However, the University will
have 30 fewer teachers next year.
A LOSS OF more than half a
million dollars from an expected
reduction in revenue from student
fees was a major factor in the
reduced budget, Provost Adams
said. This came mainly from a
reductionin the number of vet-
erans attending school under the
GI Bill.
Also affected in the University
by the reduction is the plant
maintnai camn rehaiifrtiom

LONDON COMMUNISTS PROTEST-Two women selling copies
of Daily Worker carry signs protesting U.S. action in Korea, near
the Marble Arch in central London. Police later questioned dis-
tributors of similar placards which were to be carried in a
demonstration in Hyde Park.
* * * *
* *
Russia Demands U.So
Withdralzvwl from Korea

{
I
s
t
t
l
R
1

Shell Red
Tanks South
Of Suwon
Port of Inchon
Presumed Lost .
TOKYO-(P)-American troops
went into action yesterday on a
South Korean warfront aflame
with a Communist offensive thatt
flanked the vast Seoul-Inchon-
Suwon triangle.
The Americans made their en-
try into the fighting with an ar-
tillery barrage against a North
Korean tank-led trust, presu-
ably south of Suwon. General Mac-
Arthur's headquarters confirmed
Suwon's fall today.
HIS COMMUNIQUE also dis-
closed an estimated three to four
Communist divisions had plunged
across the Han River south of
Seoul and were taking part in an
"enveloping" movement against
the Seoul-Inchon-Suwon triangle
which embraces more than 200
square miles.
Inchon, the port city for Seoul
on the west coast, was not men-
tioned in the communique. The
North Korean high command
asserted over the Seoul radio
that it fell to the Communists
yesterday.
An authoritative A m e r i c a n
source at advanced U.S. head-
quarters in Korea said it was
"highly probable" the Commu-
nists had occupied the port and
city.
IT WAS ADVANCED headquar-
ters that announced the first con-
tact of the American troops with
the Reds. Associated Press Cor-
respondent O. H. P. King said the
barrage came in the rain at 11
a.m. (8 p.m. EST, yesterday.)
The weather was curtailing
American air support. It was
conceded at advance headquar-
ters that this might influence
the outcome of the engagement.
The weather was bad at times
yesterday, too, but a U.S. Far
East Air Forces communique said
American and Australian planes
flew 162 sorties - and for the
first time were unchallenged by
North Korean fighter planes.
* * *
Mac A R T H U R'S communique
yesterday reported a convoy of 25
Communist tanks was seen mov-
ing down from the 38th parallel
border area to Seoul.
This indicated the Commu-
nist punch still had reserve
strength to keep it going.
Welsh Mining
Drama Opens
SeriesTonight
The atmosphere of a small
Welsh mining town will come to
life on the stage of Lydia Mendel-
ssohn when "The Corn Is Green"
is presented at 8 p.m. today
through Saturday.
The play depicts the efforts of
a school-teacher, Miss Moffat, to
establish a school for the children
of the miners, and her conse-
quent discovery of a brilliant,
poetic young miner, Morgan
Evans.

DURING her struggle to found
the school she makes friends with
the jovial feudalistic Squire; while
in preparing her protege for his
examination for a university scho-
larship, she banishes his girlfriend
with the aid of her mother.
Finally the school becomes
a roaring success, the poet wins
his scholarship through the de-
votion of Miss Mof fat, and she,
herself, gains an adopted child.

The panel will be held at 4:1' in 1776. Our own liberty cannot
pm. in Rackham Lecture Hall. long be saved in a world where
Both the lectures and the panel despots can strike down liberty,
c ope' tn the iublic. piecemeal, with fire and sword."

TRAINED TO 'HEAR' AND 'TALK':

Deaf-Blind Students Show Teaching Techniques

By WENDY OWEN
Juanita Morgan and Robert
Smithdas, both of whom have been
deaf and blind from an early age,
were used to demonstrate deaf-
blind teaching methods to a group

Mrs. Gittzus. Miss Morgan was
brought to Perkins Institution at
the age of six, where it was quick-
ly discovered that her mental fa-
culties had not been impaired by
the disease.

pearance on "We the People" this
spring as part of their program on
outstanding college graduates. He
was accompanied on the show by
his companion, John Spainer, and
Mrs. Gittzus.

Smithdas is continuing his col-
lege work.
In her lecture-demonstration
Mrs. Gittzus explained the main
methods which teachers must use
to train the deaf-blind and then

by constant practice, a deaf-blind
child can learn to reproduce a
speaker's vibrations.
* * *
SMITHDAS MADE that clear
when he derihed his life and

Miss Moffat will be playe
Prof. Claribel Baird of the si
department, Morgan by Jim
Stephenson, the Squire by
ren Pickett, the girl-friend by
ris Medina, and her moth
Bernice Daniel.

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