See Page 2
La test Deadline in the State
VOL. LX, No. 3-8
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 30, 1950
House Ups Ko
Excise Tax Cut Reperci
Requires Move fused the
WASHINGTON - (P) - A bill THE
slashing excise or "nuisance" taxes went ahe
by $1,010,000,000 a year and rais- Ru
ing levies, on large corporations by note w
J $433,000,000 was rammed through A si
the Housevtoday by a smashing tary supp
375 to 14 vote. parently
It now goes to the Senate, where sian com
an uncertain fate awaits it in view The Se
of the Korean war and the tense ation in
international situation. Sunday.
THE MEASURE would cut the INDI
excises, many of them imposed in night fro
World War II, on jewelry, furs, stopping
pocketbooks, movies, telephones, T
baby bottle warmers and scores Th
of other items. The levies often inateria
are called nuisance or sales taxes. Prim
Republicans joined Democrats world an
in the overwhelming House vote.
after they failed in a drive to get THE
a separate vote on a bill cutting not repre
excise taxes only.
There was overwhelming support Th
in the House for cutting the ex- days. I
ises, but Republicans bitterly body t
fought other sections of the bill. republi
The corporation tax increase-af- rdia
fecting corporations making more Successd
than $167,000 a year-was inserted
to make the bill "veto proof." mitted t
President Truman had said that if South Ko
excises were cut, increases must Egyp
be voted elsewhere. decision.
ON THE FINAL vote 233 Demo- RED
crats, 141 Republicans and the one tection of
American Labor member supported territory
the bill. Opposing were only one Th
Democrat and 13 Republicans. Ministe
SThe excise reductions might suserg
become effective Sept. 1 or Oct.
1-If there is any tax cut at all. Tues
Congressional leaders agree the to protec
ultimate fate of the bill may be terminati
tied to the Korean war. If more ity in the
money for American fighting
equipment is required, the bill FOR
may be replaced with another Formosa
increasing-not reducing-taxes. Even
Republicans assailed the bill as (Formosa
a "phony" tax reduction and of- fleet forc
fered a motion to cut it in halg, strategic
with separate votes on one measure Brita
reducing excises, and then on an- than two
other dealing with the tax boost- cabinet.
ing provisions. Hi
They lost 238 to 147, with Demo- tions a
crats pulling up a virtually solid neutral
wall against them. The GOP mo- Southl
tion to split the bill was supported No w
by 144 Republicans and three ever, tha
Democrats. Opposing were 228 house of
Democrats, nine Republicans and
the one American Labor party ASE
70 Group A passage b
Force OK'd 6W
By Senate economic
WASHINGTON-(P)--The Sen- An o
ate today approved a bill author- for Europ
izing-but not providing funds for other sect
.-a 70-group air force. for little
Air-minded House members have
backed such an authorization since STAT
the war, even though President ed Michig
Truman has said repeatedly the eration.
nation's budget cannot stand such The
a large air armada. Leonard
Senator Chapman (Democrat, staff o
Kentucky) floor manager for the agencies
bill, made it clear that it estag- Order
lishes "merely a basis for plan- radio nets
"We are not expecting an imme- Governor
diate appropriation," he told the "We
Senate. control ce
The bill, a compromise yorked our catal
out by a conference committee, of emerge
now goes to the House. It also
sets manpower limits for the
Army, Air Force and their reserve BROJ
The actual size of the nation's
~ fighting air fleet, as Mr. Truman K o4
has pointed out, will be determin-
ed by later appropriations.
Say Gold Ready was porte
rean Crisis Has
By The Associated Press
Lssions from Korea molded policy in all parts of the world
, as Communists continued their advance and Russia re-
U.S. request to call a halt to the invasion of South Korea.
* * * .
UNITED NATIONS shoved aside Russian objections and
ad lining up armed forces against the Red invaders.
ssia, in a protest note, contended the force is illegal. The
milar note from North Korea, branding the UN call for mili-
port illegal, was received in Lake Success yesterday. It ap-
was headed for the same pigeon-hole reserved for the Rus-
curity Council was called to meet today to survey the situ-
its third urgent session since the Korean fighting began
A, the biggest non-Communist power in Asia, switched last
m neutrality to support of the United Nations policy for
the Korean conflict with Allied armed force.
ere was no indication as to vghether India would offer
l aid in Korea.
e Minister Jawaharlal Nehru long had tried to steer his
on a neutral line in the cold war betweeen the Communist
d the Western Powers.
GOVERNMENT in a communique said its new decision did
sent a change in foreign policy and added a hope that the
ghting still could be ended by mediation.
e decision came after the second cabinet meeting in two
ndia is a member of the U.N. commisssion for Korea, the
hat supervised elections setting up the new invaded Seoul
and Egypt were the two holdouts Tuesday night at Lake
when the Security Councy, by a 7-1 vote, approved and com-
he United Nations to support American armed efforts for
area to end the fighting.
t said it would announce today whether it will support the
DETROIT - (P) - Henry A.
Moskwa, 32, had an experience
that most tavern patrons only
dream about-he was accident-
ally locked in a bar at closing
Moskwa enjoyed the un-
guarded liquor for two hours
until someone noticed a light
in the bar and police arrested
Yesterday Moskwa was con-
vi ted on a drunkenness charge
-it was his 15th such convic-
tion-and sent to jail for 30
GOOD LIVING IN LATER YEARS PAYS OFF AS OLDSTERS SWING THEIR PARTNERS
Status of Elders Problem -- Tibbitts
* * *
CHINESE leaders yesterday charged that American pro-
Formosa was "intervention," "armed aggression against the
of China, and total violation of the United Nations Charter."
e charges made by Chairman Mao Tze-Tung andForeign
r Chou En-Lai in a Peiping broadcast heard in Tokyo, ac-
America of "inciting" the Korean war but stressed most
y China's claim to Formosa.
day when President Truman ordered the U.S. seventh fleet
t the strategic island from' Red invasion, he said that de-
on of its future status must await the restoration of secur-
* * * *
ONCE, Nationalist China agreed with the Reds - that
belongs to China.
as Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist government on Taiwan
i) scurried to set up liaison machinery with'the U.S. seventh
es assigned to protect it, official ranks showed fear that the
island's status, may undergo a change.
in's next move in the Korean crisis was discussed for more
hours today at a meeting of Prime Minister Attlee's full
gh commissioners of the eight British Commonwealth na-
lso met just as India announced it was swinging from
ity to support of the United Nations campaign to save
ord of cabinet decisions leaked out. It was announced, how-
t full debate on Korea will be held next Wednesday in the
* * * *
NATE VOTE on a $1,222,500,000 measure for arming non-
st nations, including South Korea, was set for today with
sing to hold off until Monday, Democratic leader Lucas of
ld Senators in urging agreement today on a vote schedule:
e've got a world crisis in front of our faces, and it is
ogically important that we act as quickly as possible."
her cold war defense measure, designed to strengthen the'
position of the free world, took a sharp $250,000,000 slash-
economy forces in the Senate Appropriations Committee.
fficial said this figure was chopped off Marshall Plan funds
?e, but the committee reportedly gave swift approval to an-
tion of the bill which adds a fat $100,000,000 to economic aid
* * * *
rE POLICE Commissioner Donald S. Leonard today report-
gan's air raid warning and control system is already in op-
e control center used in World War H has been reactivated,
d said, and is being manned by state policemen until a
f technical experts can be assigned from various State
rs for reactivation of the center and use of the state police
work to spread air raid alarms were given late Tuesday by
Williams and the State Defense Council.
have been working like mad," Leonard said, "to get the
enter reconverted for this purpose and to bring up to date
Ague of community facilities and services available in case
By PAULA STRAWHECKER
The status of older people has
become one of the most critical
social problems of our time, Clark
Tibbitts, chairman of the Com-
mittee on Education for the Aging
Population of the National Edu-
cation Association, declared yes-
Speaking at the second session
of the Institute on Living in the
Later Years, Tibbitts said "popu-
lation changes, including greater
life expectancy and almost com-
plete cessation of emmigration,
industrialization and urbaniza-
tion are 'responsible for this pre-
"DEPRIVED of jobs and with-
out their children who have their
own problems, older people have
no interest in life." And a vast
proportion of the production capa-
city of this country remains un-
utilized, he added.
Tibbitts emphasized that the
American system of values en-
courages the individual to con-
tinue to develop his potentiali-
ties. However, under the pre-
sent conditions, this opportuni-
ty is not available to older peo-
ple, he stated.
Outling a four-point program
to aid those in their later years,
Tibbitts first discussed the neces-
sity for a change in living ar-
He declared that since urbani-
zation the family unit has grown
smaller and although family life
and especially participation are
vital to the older person, in most
cases space and the decrease in
family activity no longer permit
the individual over 65 to live in
the family group.
"This situation necessitates
some institutional housing, but
not the exclusion and inaction
of older people that is found in
many institutions," Tibbitts em-
He stated that the creation of a
new environment is also needed;
one which is oriented toward peo-
ple in their later years as well as
W T0 le
Gov. G. Mennen Williams will
speak at a dinner tonight in the
Union on "Age Is Opportunity."
The governor's address will con-
clude the University's third annual
institute on "Living in the Later
for children, as is the present en-
AS A SECOND POINT Tibbitts
said that we must realize older
people are still able to participate
in community life; functional, not
chronological aging must be con-
He presented the problem of
financial security as the third
major consideration. "This is
the most national aspect of the
situation," he claimed.
"At present, a minority of older
people derive their incomes from
employment and the rest from
pensions, savings, and family or
public assistance," he said.
* * *
THE SOCIAL SECURITY Act
does not provide adequate support
and does not cover those older
people under 65 who are unable
to work, he stated.
Tibbitts explained that pri-
vate pension systems themselves
are the basis on which many
companies refuse to employ per-
sons nearing pension age, be-
cause the company will have to
pay most of the pension.
As the fourth and most impor-
tant point, Tibbitts evaluated
prospects for the employment of
older people. He stated that older
A bid of $12,500, lowest of five
submitted to the University, won
the contract yesterday to tear
down Haven Hall, Vice-President
Robert Briggs announced.
Work is scheduled to begin
next Wednesday, and will take
about 30 working days, firm of-
ficials said. The work must be
completed by August 27 under the
terms of the contract.
Amounts of the four other bids
were not revealed.
University officials are still not
ready to tell when bids will be
asked on the $4,000,000 Angell
Hall addition which will more
than replace the office and class-
room space destroyed in the Haven
Hall fire three weeks ago.
Architects are at work modify-
ing plans for an Angell Hall addi-
tion drawn up two years ago for
the project, which is being speed-
ed up so that at least part of the
new building will be ready for oc-
cupancy by the fall of 1951.
people want to work and that the
majority do not wish to retire.
"They should be employed in
order that their production capa-
city can be utilized and in order
that they will not become financial
dependents," Tibbitts said. He ad-
ded that it has been proven that
older people have the experience
as well as the judgement which
many young people lack.
WASHINGTON - (R) - Presi-
dent Truman yesterday expressed
full confidence that Red-invaded
South'Korea will be saved as a free
nation, and he denounced the
Communist attackers as a "bunch
Mr. Truman told his news con-
ference the United States is "not
at war." We are simply supporting
the United Nations in a police ac-
tion, he said.
* * *
WITH A FIRM no comment, the
Presiden tdeclined to say whether
American ground troops will be
thrown into the Far Pacific con-
flict or whether the atomic bomb
might be used.
He explained that he would
not discuss any matter of stra- p
Asked to elaborate on his com-
ment that "we are not at war"-
a quotation which he authorized-
Mr. Truman explained in these
The Republic of Korea was set
up with United Nations help and
under a government generglly re-
cognized by United Nations mem-
bers. It was then unlawfully at-
tacked by a "bunch of bandits,"
their neighgors in North Korea.
THE PRESIDENT said there
was not a word of truth in a state-
ment by Senator Taft that the
President's decision to intervene
in Korea was a reversal of Secre-
tary of State Acheson's policy.
Mr. Truman hit back at Sena-
tor Taft who demanded in the
Senate yesterday that Acheson
resign. "I think the political
statement of Mr. Taft at this
time is entirely uncalled for,"
Taft told reporters he had no
comment on this.
"I am not going to engage in
any controversy with the President
now," he said.
summer Session lateness penal-
ties for women were announced
yesterday by Virginia Gish, pres-
ident of Women's Judiciary, fol-
lowing a meeting of House Presi-
Tide T urns
TOKYO-(P)- The battle o
Korea today was stabilized on the
critical central front just south
of fallenseoul and a counterat-
tack hurled the Reds from the
city's Kimpo Airport.
These developments were re-
ported by General MacArthur's
headquarters shortly after the
general himself returned to Tok-
yo after a daring flight to the
THE COMMUNISTS were re-
ported to have driven about 8
miles south of the Han River
south of Seoul yeste rday, but
MacArthur on his visit to that
sector of the front saw no evidence
of it and briefing officers said the
Reds had not crossed the Han in
Giant B29s and other Ameri-
can war-planes caused wide-
spread dames to military tar-
g e t s in Communist-invaded
South Korea yesterday, General
MacArthur announced today.
Five enemy aircraft were shot
down. There were no U.S. losses
* * *
MacARTHUR'S summary indi-
rectly denied assertions by the
North Korean radio that U. S.
bombers had attacked the Commu-
nist capital at Pyongyang. Only
the sector around Seoul was men-
tioned specifically in the an-
The North Korean radio also
asserted today that Red Ko-
rean fighters intercepted Amer-
ican aircraft at the 38th paral..
lel and destroyed two four-en-
The latest broadcast said North
Korean planes pursued the Ameri-
can aircraft from the parallel -
geographical boundary for North
and South Korea - to Suwon, a
distance of some 45 miles.
* * *
MEANWHILE General MacAr-
thur's key officers hastened prep-
arations today to use the ships
and planes of Great Britan and
Australia in intensified attacks
on Communist positions in South
Also taking precautions Presi-
dent Elpidio Quirino placed Phil-
ippines armed forces on a war
George Meader, former Wash-
tenaw County prosecutor, an-
nounced yesterday that he will
seek the Republican nomination
as Congressman from the Second
Meader announced his candi-
dacy for the congressional post
to be vacated by Rep. Earl C.
Michener's retirement in a letter
to the local Meader-for-Congress
He has been a lawyer in Ann
Arbor since 1932 and was first
president of t h e Washtenaw
County Young Republicans.
To Hold Funeral
For Iran Student
Amir Saied Hazrati, 22-year-old
student from Iran, who drowned
States in Reply
ed tonight an American request
that Moscow use its influence to
end the Korean war. She charged
that responsibility for the con-
flict "lies with the South Korean
authorities and with those who
stand behind them."
The cautiously worded Soviet
declaration contained no ampli-.
fication of the phrase "those who
stand behind them."
HOWEVER, the words obvious.
ly could be interpreted as apply-
ing tp the Non-Communist ma-
jority of the United Nations which
approved the establishment of the
South Korean Republic and to
the United States in particular.
American planes and warships
now are fighting in support of
South Korean troops.
Specifically the Soviet Union
maintained that the events in
Korea were "provoked" by an
attack of South Korean troops
upon the frontier areas of North
Korea. That contention is di-
rectly contrary to United Na-
tions findings which show that
North Korea began the conflict
last Sunday by invading South
The Soviet declaration was made
in reply to a United States re-
quest that Moscow prevail on
North Korean authorities for the
immediate withdrawal of the in-
The Russian reply said:
* * *
"T H E SOVIET government
holds to the principle of thie in-
admissibility of interference of
foreign powers in the internal af-
fairs of Korea."
This section of the Soviet dec-
laration, was viewed in some
quarters in Washington as hav-
ing a hopeful tone from the
point of view of the maintenance
of world peace. Strict adherence
to this principle, some experts
suggested, would mean that the
Russians would not send in their
own forces to bolster the North
Koreans. The same experts
agreed that it would be unwise
to try to read too much into the
The American request was de-
livered in Moscow Tuesday when
U.S. Ambassador Alan G. Kirk
called on the Soviet Foreign Of-
fice. Russia's reply - a declara-
tion to Kirk by Andrei A. Gromy-
ko, deputy Soviet foreign minister
was broadcast by the Moscow
GROMYKO told Kirk:
"According to reliable data of
the Soviet government, the events
which are going on in Korea were
provoked by the attack of the,
South Korean authorities on the
frontiey areas of Northern Korea.
Therefore the responsibility of
these events lies with the South
Korea authorities and with those
who stand behind them.
"As is known. The Soviet
government withdrew its troops
from Korea earlier than did the
U.S. Government and thereby
confirmed its traditional princi-
ple of non-interference in the
internal affairs of other states.
The Soviet Government holds
now also to the principle of the
inadmissibility of the interfer-
cnce of foreign powers in the in.
ternal affairs of Korea."
Gromyko said the Soviet Unior.
had found it impossible to take
part in United Nations meetings
dealing with the Korean question
because "by virtue of the U.S.
government" the delegates of Red
China had not been admitted to
the Security Council. Keeping Red
China on the outside, Gromyko
said, meant that it was "impos-
s ible for the Security Council to
take decisions which have legal
'U' Receives Grant.
[GHT ABOUT RED ESPIONAGE:
orean Says Crisis Caused by North-South Split
esent situation in Korea
ended by the initial di-
* * *
South for its agricultural pro-
ducts; the South needed the
conflicts with the Communists
have always been common occur-