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VOL. LIX; No. 14S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENT
Taft Against Arms
Provision of Pact
WASHINGTON-(IP)-Senator Taft (Rep., Ohio) said yesterday
he is "absolutely opposed to providing arms for Europe" and for that
reason may vote against the North Atlantic treaty.
But Senator Lodge (Rep., Mass.) told the Senate that "to reject
the Pact would be a step fraught with the most colossal danger."
* * .* *
LODGE SAID THE UNITED STATES should go ahead with the
military aid program even if the 12-nation Atlantic Treaty should be
Angry charges that the State Department resorted to sub-
terfuge in discussing the treaty and the proposed $1,450,000,000
THIS, BROTHER, IS THE FIFTH-Ann Marie Maurer, '51, reigned yesterday as Cherry Queen at
the 1949 National Cherry Festival, Traverse City. She debunks the old saw that "four out of five
girls are beautiful, and the fifth goes to Michigan." A brief jaunt to Hollywood later this month
is planned for her.
U Beauty (Wow!) Debunks Legend.
By B. S. BR~OWN
(Special to The Daily)
TRAVERSE CITY-There's a
State Street legend that "four out
of five girls are beautiful, and the
fifth goes to Michigan."
But beautiful Ann Marie Maur-h
er, a charming lassie from Grei-
lickville, Mich., has given lie to
the old bromide.
* * *
A FEW WEEKS AGO, Ann, who
is a junior at Michigan, majoring
in social psychology, walked off
with top honors in a contest held
Selected from a field of 21
northern Michigan beauties,
Ann's election gave her the
scepter commanding the 1949
National Cherry Festival, which
was concluded here yesterday.
The University Medical School
needs $12,000,000 if it is to expand
its entering class from the present
205 to 315 a year, said Dr. E. I.
Carr to the Michigan State Medi-
According to Dean Furstenberg
of the Medical School, it would be
impossible to accommodate addi-
tional students until more clini-
cal facilities are made available
for them once they enter their
An increase of at least 45 facul-
ty members would be necessary to
bring the staff to the proper
strenth for the increased enroll-
In his report to the society, Dr.
Carr added,' "it would take about
$900,000 a year for maintenance
The Michigan State Medical So-
ciety has for several years been
trying to increase the number of
doctors in Michigan, he said.
'Life with Father'
Ends Run Tonight
Ann's been a very busy young'
lady these past two weeks.
Immediately after she was cho-
sen, she was hustled off to the
photographer where she posed for
a series of pictures for festival
* * *
THAT WAS THE FIRST step on
the road which will take her to
Hollywood later this month.
A member of the Alpha Xi
Delta sorority and the Wolver-
ine Club, Ann is the daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Maurer,
who, appropriately enough, own
a cherry orchard of 120 acres,
containing some 3,500 trees.
The big day of Ann's reign came
yesterday, when Gov. G. Mennen
Williams crowned the pretty Mich-
igan coed queen of the mid-west-
ern Mardi Gras.
-- *a or"* *
THE FESTIVAL began Thurs-
day with an address by Gov. Wil-
liams but swung into high gear
yesterday when the first trainload
of cherries departed for market.
Ann Marie was at the throttle of
Then came the huge parade,
which was highlighted by a col-
orful float bearing Queen Ann.
Nearly 90 other floats, inter-
spersed with drill teams and 18
bands, wound through the busi-
ness district of this cherry cap-
ital in a three-hour procession.
But now the celebration has
come to an end. A soapbox derby,
races, contests and a Venetian
Night program on Grand Traverse
Bay rounded out the final day of
HOWEVER, THE excitement is
only beginning for Ann Marie.
Two milestones will be marked
on her air trip to the nation's
movie capital, according to the
She has never been in a plane,
she said, and she has never be-
fore visited the west coast.
Born and raised in Detroit, the
five foot, three inch queen, who
has lived in Greilickville for the
past four years, has dark hair and
vivacious brown eyes.
WASHINGTON - (P) -Congress
approved yesterday the Adminis-
tration's gigantic housing bill-a
nationwide project designed to
help provide better homes for
"millions of families."
The bill awaits President Tru-
HOUSE AND SENATE rapidly
passed the legislation by voice vote
after compromising their differ-
The government has promised
quick action once the bill is
Federal Housing Administrator,
Raymond F. Foley, has scheduled
a~ "rapid start" on the bill's low-
rent public housing feature. He
wants to get 50,000 units under
way within 12 months.
THE BILL, estimated to cost
from $10,000,000 upward over a
period of decades, provides for
810,000 housing units. These would
be available to low income families
by aid of government rent sub-
Local authorities would select
the tenants and set the rents.
The Federal government would
make up the difference between
the rent and the cost.
The bill calls for a vast, five-
year slum clearance program, with
the government paying a third of
the cost and local authorities the
doned hope yesterday for aiding
Joan Edwards, still unconscious 173
days after an automobile acci-
"We have done all we can," said
Dr. C. C. Nash, Dallas surgeon.
"From now on, any recovery she
might make is entirely in the
hands of the good lord."
* * *
JOAN WAS brought to Method-
ist Hospital here last month from
Odessa. Today the attractive, 24-
year-old girl was placed in a bed
in a private car for the trip back
to the home of her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Marion J. Edwards of
Rankin, Tex. Edwards is postmas-
ter at Rankin.
Miss. Edwards,. former . em-
ploye of the Midland-Reporter-
Telegram, has lain motionless
and helpless since an automobile
crash near Odessa Jan. 17.
Her arms and legs are paralyzed.
Sights, sounds and thoughts fail
to register on her injured brain.
Her big grey eyes stare, but do
' * * *
"SHE MIGHT be kept alive for
years," Dr. Nash said. "We never
give up hope for a partial recovery
as long as a patient lives.
Sometimes it is a faltering hope,
but we can hope, nevertheless."
arms program flew on the Sen-
ate floor as the four-day-old
Senator Donnell (Rep., Mo.)
shouted that Secretary of State
Acheson and State Department of-
ficials, in testifying before Con-
gressional Committees, have fol-
lowed a "designed policy" of try-
ing to keep the treaty and the
arms program apart "when= in fact
one is dependent on the other."
* * *
HE SAID their language on this
question has been "carefully
Senator Watkins (Rep., Utah)
said he agreed with Donnell that
approval of the Pact will carry
with it a commitment to help
Watkins said the European
nations expected to receive
American arms when they
signed the treaty last April 4.
Taft's warning that he might
oppose the treaty marked the first
major roadblock on the smooth
highway to ratifisation of the
North Atlantic Defense Treaty.
* * *
SENATE LEADERS had prev-
iously forecast little more than
token opposition when the vote
comes early next week.
But Taft, as chairman of the
Senate GOP Policy Committee,
commands strong influence
among his Republican col-
leagues, and Administration
leaders foresaw the possibility
that others might follow his
Taft told newsmen:
"I may vote against the Pact,
but I have not finally decided.
"At one time I thought the
treaty could be separated from the
arms program. Now I am be-
ginning to think it cannot."
BOTH SENATOR CONNALLY
(Dem., Tex.) and Vandenberg
(Rep.,'Mich.), the state's top lead-
ers in foreign affairs, have as-
sured Senators that the two pro-
grams are not inseparable and
that anyone who votes for the
treaty will not be obligated to vote
for the arms program.
Senator Saltonstall (Rep., Mass.)
joined the ranks of treaty advo-
"I am convinced that the North
Atlantic Pact will prove a helpful
step . . . to strengthen the secur-
ity of our country and maintain
peace in the world."
27 Student Groups
Active This Term
Because of a last minute reg-
istration rush, 27 student organi-
zations have received University
recognition as being active for the
This represents an increase of
six over last summer's total of 21
Next Wednesday's issue of The
Daily will contain a complete list
of the recognized organizations
along with the names of their top
LONDON -- (R) - Britain has
agreed to trade Russia machinery
for nearly -a million tons of Rus-
sian coarse grains and a big quan-
tity of wheat, * official British
sources said yesterday.
Disclosure of the barter deal
with Moscow came as John W.
Snyder, United States Secretary
of the Treasury, began talks with
Devaluation of England's cur-
rency may cause an epidemic of
devaluations throughout Western
That was the prediction of Prof.
Gardner Patterson, of the eco-
nomics department, on United
States proposals that Britain de-
valuate her pound currency.
Prof. Patterson pointed out
that should British opposition to
the plan continue, the U.S. can
probably force her to devaluate.
Even now, talk of devaluation is
causing many American buyers to
* * *
"OVERVALUATION of British
currency after World War I led
to a severe depression which had
worldwide repercussions; similar
overevaluation now may have seri-
ous results," Prof. Patterson said.
The American point of view is
that if British currency is
cheapened, American dollars
will buy more British money.
Consequently, American buyers
will buy more British goods.
"Britain fears that valuable in-
surance and banking interests may
regard devaluation as an act of
bad faith, and consequently with-
draw some business."
CRIPPS CARRIES BAD MONEY NEWS TO COMMONS-It's a
tight-lipped, serious visaged Sir Stafford Cripps (left) Chancellor
of Britain's Exchequer, who is departing from the treasury building
in London. Cripps is en route to the House of Commons where
he told Britain that further commitments for purchases in the
dollar area must be halted except where "urgent national interest"
is proved. Decline of British sales in the United States was cited
as the reason for the new ruling.
* * * *
British Will Buy Wheat
From Russia Under Pact
government leaders here on Brit-
ain's dollar crisis and world trade.
BRITAIN BOUGHT 750,000 tons
of coarse grains--rye, barley, oats,
and corn-from Russia last year
under a pact concluded in Decem-
ber, 1947, and officials empha-
sized the new deal represents no
change in policy.
What is new is that it also
involves wheat--which Britain
buys for dollars from the United
States and Canada.
In Washington, the U.S. State
Department said it had been in-
formed the British were consider-
ing a wheat purchase from Russia.
Such a deal would be consistent
with the 1947 Anglo - Russian
agreement and "the one-year con-
tract seems to be a perfectly nor-
mal supply proposition," press of-
ficer Michael McDermott said.
* * *
THE BRITISH officials declined
to say how much wheat was in-
volved, except that it was a "big
Replying to questions, they
said it was "a matter of course"
that the goods Britain will fur-
nish Russia in return will not
include- items of potential mili-
Snyder, who arrived from Paris
this morning, spent almost four
hours this afternoon hearing Sir
Stafford Cripps and other govern-
ment leaders explain Britain's loss
of dollar reserves despite substan-
tial Marshall Plan aid.
* * *
CRIPPS, Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, announced Wednesday a
"standstill" on all but urgent new
buying for dollars because the
sterling area's gold and dollar re-
serves had sunk to $1,624,000,000.
The Colonial Office announced
today the imposition of similar re-
strictions on all Britain's 36 non-
By ROMA LIPSKY
(Special to The Daily)
NEW YORK-The Alger Hiss
perjury trial ended without a ver-
Judge Samuel H. Kaufman dis-
missed the jurors shortly after 8
p.m. (EST) last night after 14
hours and 46 minutes of deliber-
ation. They had split 8-4 in favor
A RETRIAL may not come be-
fore October because of the in-
availability of judges.
The judge's decision came af-
ter the jury reported for the
third time that it found it "im-
possible to reach a verdict."
John F. X. McGohey, United
States attorney, said that the case
would be retried and that Thomas
Murphy would again serve as
He commended Murphy as hav-
ing done "a wonderful job on the
AFTER DISMISSAL, jurors told
reporters that they had been dead-
locked eight-to-four in favor of
conviction since early morning.
Hubert James, foreman of the
jury, was spokesman for the ac-
(Earlier in the day, it had been
disclosed that on the second day
of the trial Murphy had objected
to James' presence on the grounds
of hearsay which reported him in
favor of Hiss).
** * *
HISS, WHO HAD spent most
of the long day in the defense
counsel room, was calm as the
WASHINGTON -- ()-Rep.
Nixon (Rep., Calif.), member of
the House Un-American Activ-
ities Committee, said last. night
that Judge Samuel Kaufman
had displayed obvious "prejudice
for the defense" during the Al-
ger Hiss perjury trial.
Nixon said "when the full
facts of the conduct of this trial
are laid before the nation, I be-
lieve the people will be shocked."
verdict was received. However, his
wife Priscilla appeared close to
Neither he nor Defense Attor-
ney Lloyd Paul Stryker would
comment on th coutcome.
McGohey said Hiss' $5,000 bail
would be continued.
The six-week trial is an out-
growth of a House Un-American
Activities Committee investigation
of ex-Communist courier Whit-
Hiss was accused of lying when
he denied to a grand jury that he
gave secret State Department pa-
pers to Chambers for transmittal
to a Soviet spy ring.
* * *
JUDGE KAUFMAN seemed very
reluctant to dismiss the jury. He
reminded the members for the
third time of the great expense to
both government and defense and
of the fact that the trial had en-
tailed six weeks of testimony.
Kaufman asked if any purpose
would be served if the jury went
to the hotel for a second night
and continued tomorrow.
Foreman James replied:
"I think I reflect the opinion of
the jury, your honor, 'No'."
* * *
ONLY THEN DID the judge de-
"This leaves me no alternative
but to discharge the jury."
James F. Hanrahan, one of
the jurors that voted for con-
viction, told reporters that the
eight-to-four split had been ap-
parent from the outset.
After the discharge of the jury,
Kaufman impounded, at the pro-
secution's request, a Woodstock
typewriter on which the govern-
ment says the State Department
documents in the case were typed.
HANRAHAN SAID that the ac-
World News At A Glance
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Ten Senators yesterday formally launched a
move for a veto-less world peace alliance backed by arms and designed
to avert "the rising threat of atomic catastrophe." All nations, in-
cluding Russia and her satellite countries, would be eligible to join
if they agreed to abide by the rules against aggression.
WASHINGTON-President Truman yesterday tossed back
an economy challenge to Congress, saying it could save $928,-
000,000 on the military budget.
WASHINGTON-The House voted pay raises yesterday for cab-
inet officers and 236 other high government officials. An attempt
to cut Congress members in for a boost was blocked by a parliamentary
* * * *
NEW YORK-Mayor William O'Dwyer, who twice has said
he would not run again for mayor, said yesterday he had agreed
to reconsider the matter.
PITTSBURGH-Inland Steel Company of Chicago offered its 19,-
000 workers a pension and insurance plan last night but the CIO-
United Steelworkers said they would turn it down.
* * * *
DIGGING FOR FOSSILS:
Geology Class Enjoys London Trip
A cool, quiet day in London and
vicinity, then back to Ann Arbor
for more studies.
That's where the summer geol-
ogy 11 and 12 class spent a day
this week, but they didn't catch a
fast plane to England, only took
a comfortable University bus trip
to Ontario. looking for fossils.
After a pleasant stay-over in
London, population 100,000 the
class took off for Rock Glen, an-
other small valley with a little
stream and waterfall where there
weren't any fossils but live speci-
mens, including frogs, crayfishes
and one little snapping turtle
mhin h Qf., n- hrmorha hnnl
daring students turned native
and walked the rocky beaches
in their bare feet.
One of the best features of the
trip, according to reports, was the
weather, which was cool, dry and
All good things must come to
an nnr n thohs, a ria f