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July 03, 1949 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1949-07-03

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UNEMPLOYMENT
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

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HOT AND HUMID

VOL.. LIX, No. 105 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 3, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Communist
Leader Dies
In Moscow
Kremlin Mourns
Bulgarian Chief
MOSCOW - (' - Bulgarian
Communist premier Georgi Dri-
trov,' 67, international Commu-
nist leader, died yesterday at a
sanatorium near Moscow, an offi-
cial communique announced.
THE COMMUNIQUE said Dimi-
trov's death was a "heavy and
indispensable loss for party, nation
,and people's republic." It called
him an "outstanding fighter
against fascism and imperialism."
Only a few people had heard
the Moscow announcement
hours before. There was no im-
mediate mass demonstration of
mourning, and the people of the
capital took the news calmly.
They had been warned to expect
his death.
The Kremlin, itself, however, set
the pace in expressing grief at the
death. The body was removed
from Bordikha Sanatorium, where
death came soon after 3 p.m., to
lie in state in Moscow's hall of
columns in the House of Union.
A guard of honor was placed over
the bier.
* *-*
MEMORIAL services in factor-
ies, schools and collective farms
were being held throughout the
Soviet Union.
Dimitrov took leave from his
premier's post last April to seek
treatment in Russia. In his ab-
sence he left Vissil Kolarov, vice-
premier and foreign minister, as
acting premier. Dimitrov had
been premier since Nov. 22, 1946.
His death ended the action-
packed career of a man who was
reputed to have been the most in-
fluential Communist outside the
borders of the Soviet Union. He
was a close and trusted friend of
Josef Stalin for 30 years. Like,
Stalin, he had clung to the Com-
munist line since the hectic days
of the Russian revolution.
SINCE HIS early youth he had
experienced all the trials of the
hardened rebels fighting against
capitalist society - underground
activity, exile, a sentence of death,
party intrigues and political lead-,
ership. He rose from the role of a
young trade union organizer to
premier of Bulgaria in 45 years
of revolutionary struggle.
'Hoover' Study
'Not Needed'
In Michigan'
By PHYLLIS COHEN
There is no need for a "little
Hoover Commission" to study ad-
ministrative reorganization in
Lansing.
This was the opinion of D. Hale
Brake, state treasurer and Prof. C.
Ferrel Heady, Jr., of the political
science department.
"PEOPLE ARE jumping to the
conclusion that since there is a
tremendous reorganization job to
be done in Washington, the same
thing is true at Lansing," Brake
said. Actually, such reorganization
as is needed, he feels, "can be done
without pyramiding one study
commission on top of another."

While Heady, a specialist in
state governments, also feels
that study groups are not need-
ed, he does say "something must
be done to reorganize Michigan's
state legislature."
"Every governor in the past 15
years, whether he was a Repub-
lican or a Democrat, has urged
some sort of reorganization," he
pointed out.
"GETTING THE legislature to
pass a modernization bill is the
primary problem rather than
setting up a commission to study
the situation," Heady observed.
"In the past many bills have
been brought up in Lansing on
the subject with little or no ef-
fect," he said.
Among the reforms strongly
urged by the political scientists are
a four year term for the governor
instead of the present two year
length of office and reduction in
the number of elected officials.
Michigan, at present, elects 8

BIrotherhood

RELIGIOUS COOPERATION--The Rev. Dr. Jesse W. Stitt (left),
pastor of the Village Presbyterian Church in New York City, and
Rabbi Julian Fleg both conduct services in Mr. Stitt's church since
the church's elders offered temporary sanctuary to the Rabbi's
homeless Village Temple.
RECORD HOLDER-
Lfife With Father Opens
On Campus W ednesday

One of the greatest American
nostalgic comedies of all time will
be presented here next week when
"Life With Father" opens at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Beginning Wednesday night, the
Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse
period play will be presented by
the speech department as the sec-
ond in its summer series of stage
productions.
THIS WEEK'S production will
star Donald Klockner, director of
Theatre at Heidelberg College, as
Father.
Called "overpoweringly funny"
by Brooks Atkinson, New York
Times drama critic, "Life with
Father" holds the all time lon-
gevity record on Broadway with
3,213 performances over a pe-
riod of seven years.
In 1940, playwrights Lirndsay and
Crouse received the Roi Cooper
Megrue Prize, for having written
the best comedy of the season,
. *~ *
ANN ARBOR AUDIENCES will
remember Ronald as Arne in last
year's production of "I Remember
Mania." He is a student at Tappan
Junior High School.
The cast includes Margaret Pell
as Mother; William Bromfield as
Clarence, Junior; John Waller as
John; and Ronald Muchnick as
Whitney.
Others in the cast are Teddy
Riecker, seven years old; Mar-
garet Paton; Mary Lou Bram-
well; Jeanette Grandstaff and
Doris Medina.
The list concludes with Ruth
Arrington, Betty Lou Robinson,
Ellen Sholten, William Taylor,
Bruce Huffman and Frank Bouws-
ma.
Performances will begin at 8

p.m., with tickets on sale at the
Michigan League box office from
9-5 daily.
"On Borrowed Time," written
by a former University student
and instructor, Paul Osborn, closed
last night after enjoying a highly
successful run. It Was the first
play in the current series.
Labor Out for
T-H Backers
WASHINGTON - (A) - Organ-
ized labor yesterday sharpened
its political knife for senators who
voted for the Taft labor proposals
this week-and whose terms ex-
pire next year.
CIO President Philip Murray
called on his 6,000,000 claimed
members to start a campaign of
political action now to "remove
the obstructionists."
- * * *
THE ADMINISTRATION'S bill
to repeal the Taft-Hartley act
was wiped out when the Senate
adopted a series of amendments
offered by Senator Taft (R-Ohio).
In a letter front-paged by the
weekly CIO News, Murray declar-
ed CIO's "scorn, contempt and
unalterable opposition" to the
"cynical and short-sighted men"
in Congress who, he declared, de-
fied what he termed the voters'
mandate to repeal the Taft-Hart-
ley Act.
At AFL headquarters, a spokes-
man called attention to a con-
ference opening July 27 of AFL's
political arm, Labor's League for
Political Education. It will talk
1950 strategy, he said.

Secrets Will
Not Hinder
Spy Cases4
Coplon Trial Sets
Future Pattern
By The Associated Press
The Judith Coplon case has set
the pattern--the Justice Depart-
ment is going to carry through in
such spy cases even if it is forced
to dump carefully guarded secrets
before the eyes of the world.
Meanwhile, the State Depart-
ment picked up Miss Coplon's
passport following a courtroom
spat over the document between
prosecution and defense.
ONE PROSECUTOR asked that
the passport be surrendered. Miss
Coplon's attorney indignantly of-
fered to "make a present of it"
to the government. (Gerhart Eis-
ler's escape from the United States
while free on bail apparently pro-
voked the incident.)
The passport was picked up
later.
Attorney General Tom Clark
made the announcement of the
price the government was willing
to pay to nab would-be spies.
* * * '
"I WILL NOT DROP cases
against people' I believe are trying
to destroy the government."
His position, described today,
was this:
1. Abandonment of the Cop-
lon case would have been an
open invitation to any nation
wanting to spy on the United
States to get agents on the
government payroll.
2. It would have encouraged
any federal worker who might
want to copy or remove secret
data passing through his hands.
The worker would have felt that
the more secret the material, the
safer he would be from prosecu-
tion.
* * *
THE DEPARTMENT policy
means that if any government
employe takes national security
data from the files to which he
has access, knowing that it may
fall into unfriendly hands, Clark
intends "to throw the book at
him."
Highest Justice Department
sources made this amply clear in
the wake of the 10 weeks of court-
room dramatics which resulted in
the conviction Thursday of the
chic, 28-year-qld Miss Coplon.
Standing poised in the packed
court yesterday, the Barnard Col-
lege honor graduate described the
outcome as "a Pyrrhic victory"
for her prosecutors-that is, a
victory gained at excessive cost,
the kind one cannot afford to
win too often.
The government won only after
yielding up for public view con-
fidential investigative reports from
FBI files which have been jealous-
ly guarded for 25 years.
Citizens, AFM
Back Detroit
Music Season
DETROIT-(P)-Detroit's sym-
phony Orchestra is going to have
a summer season after all.
A group of 15 or 20 civic-mind-

ed Detroiters and the American
Federation of Musicians have un-
derwritten eight and perhaps ten
weeks of summer concerts.
This was the first break for the
harassed musicians since negotia-
tions between the Detroit Federa-
tion of Musicians and the Detroit
Symphony Board bogged down
over 1949-50 contract problems.
BECAUSE OF uncertainty over
whether the symphony would re-
sume operations in the fall, many
of the musicians had keen seek-
ing positions elsewhere.
It is thought the summer con-
cert series-with its weeks of
guaranteed pay-+will encour-
age them to stick it out a while
longer.
As in the past, the summer con-
certs will be given in the orchestra
shell at the Detroit fairgrounds.
Free seats are provided there for
10,000 persons. Valter Poole will
conduct.
THE GROUP which put across
th smlmr erzse ie icnmnnse of

-Daily-wally Barth
CAT SWEEPS NATION - Mirabeau, the famous M-cat of
Michigan, has come up in places all over the country, including
the Detroit Free Press, Life Magazine and a New York paper.
Among the many suggestions received from admirers is to breed
a strain of M-cats to use as Michigan mascots.
** * *
Mirabeau' Sets off M-Cat
Craze Throutgoat Land

By PAUL BRENTLINGER
The nation has become M-cat
conscious since the furry feline
face of Mirabeau first appeared in
the columns of The Daily.
Mirabeau is the kitten with the
large black black M in the middle
of his forehead who serves as liv-
ing proof of the extent of the re-
vival of school spirit.
When Prof. William Burt of the
zoology museum heard that Mira-
beau's mother Farnaby also bore
a faint red M on her forehead, he
suggested that a strain of 'M'
kittens be bred as mascots for the
football players.
* * *
MIRABEAU'S fame soon spread.
The Detroit Free Press published
his picture and his story. Shortly
W orld News
Round-Up
By The Associated Press
At least 121 persons who started
out on a carefree Fourth of July
weekend will never see another
holiday.
As vacationers took to the high-
ways and beaches, death followed.
Traffic fatalities mounted to 76
yesterday; 31 drownings were re-
ported and 14 persons died in mis-
cellaneous accidents.
SHANGHAI - Nationalist
fighter planes struck at Shang-
hai today in the second govern-
ment air raid in as many days.
The attacks appeared to be
centered on targets in the sub-
urbs of the city. There were no
reports of casualties or dam-
age.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Senato is
george (Dem., Ga.) and Taft (Rep.
Ohio) agreed yesterday the gov-
ernment's $1,811,000,000 deficit
makes it essential that Congress
crack down on federal spending.
* * *
WASHINGTON-House inves-
tigators say there is evidence the
Communist Party will dive under-
ground if its leaders are convicted
of conspiring to overturn the
American government.
Eleven of them are on trial now
in New York and a twelfth will be
tried later.

Famous Kitten

afterward, Mirabeau appeared in
Life magazine's letters-to-the-edi-
tor column. And just yesterday,
The Daily learned that a large
New York City newspaper had
publicized the Michigan-minded
mouser on its pages.
All this publicity had a ten-
dency to "turn the head" of the
famous kitten, according to his
master, John L. Dreher, of Fer-
don Rd.
"Mirabeau got that far-away
look in his eyes, and suffered a
slight loss of appetite," Dreher
told The Daily.
The publicity also brought sev-
eral letters to The Daily. One
came from R. L. Ellis, of Miami
Beach, Fla., who was very much
interested in nature's contribution
to Michigan school spirit.
ELLIS ENDED HIS letter with
a request-not for Mirabeau, but
for a jug like the one which held
the kitten when his picture was
taken. The Floridan felt that a
kitten would not mix well with his
bull terrier.
Other letters brought news of
other families of M-bearing
kittens th;roughout the sitate.
The owners of these cats gener-
ally claimed that their pets were
relatives of the local M-mouser.
With all this hub-bub, Mirabeau
seems to be thriving. Owner
Dreher said that he is getting
very big, and is taking an active
interest in the world about him.
Commenting on Mirabeau's ra-
pid growth, Dreher said that "his
genes and chromosomes must
have hit the jack-pot."
Legislature Calls
Second Meeting
Summer Student Legislature will
hold its second business meeting
at 7 p.m. Tuesday at the Union.
Under consideration will be
plans drawn up by the University
plant service engineers for an SL-
sponsored collapsable two-tier
bandstand to be used at I-M
dances and other campus social
events.
Finishing-up plans for the
summer SL dance will be dis-
cussed. The dance will be held at
the Palmer Field tennis courts
with Del Elliot providing the
music.

Slovak Peasants
Protect Priests
From Red Police
Commiiuniiiist Paper Says Catholic
Archbishop Will Not Be Imprisoned
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia - (A) - Slovak peasants armed with
scythes, pitchforks and clubs stand guard around their Roman
Catholic priests to shield them from Communist police.
This was the picture given last night by reliable Slovak sources
to responsible church circles and diplomats as this nation, torn by
state-church conflict, embarked on a long week end of religious holi-
days marked by pilgrimages to places famed in early Christian history.
MEANWHILE a Communist-controlled newspaper hinted last
night that Catholic Archbishop Josef Beran would not be imprisoned
for his defiant stand against gov--

ernment control of the church.
This view was expressed by
Jiri Sila, Editor-in-Chief of the
Trade Unions Daily Prace in a
front page article for Sunday's
edition.
Now, it is difficult, if not im-
possible, for westerners to go to
the intensely Catholic eastern
province to have a personal look
at the situation because of travel
restrictions suddenly announced
by the government for diplomaticI
personnel.
* * *
THESE RESTRICTIONS for the
time being appeared to have seal-,
ed off troubled Slovakia with a;
little iron curtain.
The best possible sources of
information in Slovakia report-
ed villagers up in arms in var-
ious parts of the province, how-
ever, to prevent a repetition of
the riotous scenes of last week-
end.
At that time-according to re-
ports from these informants which
since have been confirmed by re-
liable Czechs here-enraged Slo-
vaks clashed with police who at-
tempted to intimidate and arrest
priests who were loyal to Arch-
bishop Beran.
* * *
THESE REPORTS said at least
two policemen were fatally beaten
and an undetermined number of
persons injured.
There was every indication that
the uprising in defense of the
priests was spontaneous, not dir-
ected from higher sources. The
government has refused, however,
to issue any denial or confirmation
of the reports.
Some diplomats cautioned
against exaggeration of past inci-
dents but said they had reports
of continuing unrest in Slovakia
as the holiday pilgrimages began.
Diplomatic travel to Slovakia,
the ministry declared, would be
considered an act "against the
Czechoslovak government and a
gross interference with the inter-
nal affairs of Czechoslovakia."
Pastor Put on
Whipping List
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. - OP) -A
Methodist minister who uncovered
a series of East Alabama floggings
said yesterday he had been warned
he was on "the whipping list."
He is the Rev. Luther Brown,
pastor of the Millersville Meth-
odist Church 80 miles east of here.
He told state officers the warning
was given him last night at prayer
meeting there.
Bankhead Bates, director of the
state patrol, assigned men to in-
vestigate the threat to the minis-
ter.
He and another Methodist min-
ister disclosed five floggings by
robed and hooded men in Clay
County after a private investiga-
tion.
In another part of the state, a
disabled war veteran said he was
flogged by a hooded mob the day
after the state legislature passed
a law to ban the wearing of masks
in Alabama.
John Thomas Franks, 34, told
newsmen he was flogged last Wed-
nesday night near his home in the
little community of Boston, 90
miles northwest of Birmingham.
This was the first report of mob
violence in Marion County.

MilitaryAid
To Europe
Faces Delay
WASHINGTON--() -Adminis-
tration chiefs were reported yes-
terday to have abandoned at the
last minute a risky new speed-up
strategy they had worked out for
Congressional action on military
aid to Western Europe.
It will now take its chances af-
ter action on the North Atlantic
security pact to avoid stirring new
controversy during the pact de-
bate which opens Tuesday.
* * *
THE STRATEGY shift makes
more pressing the question as to
whether Congress will get around
to final action on the arms as-
sistance program before adjourn-
ment.
But both President Truman and
Secretary of State Acheson have
insisted that such a program
should be passed this session. Once
the measure is actually introduced
the Administration is expected to
put strong pressure behind it
The heart of the speed-up
plan was to send the military
aid program, totalling $1,450,-
000,000 on a global basis, to Con-
gress at once, and get either the
Senate or House foreign affairs
committee to begin hearings
even before the Senate debate on
the North Atlantic treaty is fin-
ished.
This strategy was so close to
adoption that some officials and
members of Congress had thought
the arms plan might go to the
Senate yesterday. But late in
the afternoon Sen.'George (Dem.,
GaJ, a member of the foreign re-
lations committee said the pro-
gram would not be submitted by
the President until after the treaty
vote.
w * *
ACHESON favored the earlier
introduction-provided it got the
blessing of Congressional leaders.
He and his aides had spent some
time working on the plan follow-
ing his return last week from the
Paris foreign ministers meeting.
European governments still are
being told that the administra-
tion hopes for congressional ap-
proval of arms aid before adjourn-
ment.
Cominform
Countries Cut
Off Aid to Tito
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia-(AP--
A military spokesman disclosed of-
ficially yesterday that Yugoslavia
has been cut off from all mili-
tary supplies from the Cominform
countries. He defiantly expressed
confidence in the Yugoslav army's
ability to defend itself against all
comers.
The veteran army man, Col.
Gen. Ivan Goshnjak, pulled no
punches in accusing Russia of
promoting Cominform attacks
against the Tito regime for its own
selfish reasons. Goshnjak is a
member of Yugoslav's politburo.
He is second only to Tito in mas-
ter-minding the country's de-
fenses.
* * *

FUN IN LEARNING:
Geology Students Enjoy
Wednesday Field Trips

Classes every now and then,
with "parties" every Wednesday.
It's not a loafer's dream come
true, far from it, but it's at the
University-it's eight hours of ge-
ology-11 and 12, all packed into
eight weeks of fun and knowledge
for the 25 students enrolled.
* * *
NORMALLY TAKEN over 32
weeks, or two semesters, this
course provides a comprehensive
background in the science for stu-
dents from geology majors to
ivory-tower English majors.
Classwork is divided between
two lectures and a lab period a

trip was not historical-rather it
was to observe the work of water
running underground over a span
of thousands of years, thereby
carving caves in solid rock. The
caves were formed much as Mam-
moth Cave in Kentucky, but on a
smaller scale.
Another item of interest on
the little island is the 350-foot
Perry Memorial Tower, from
which the observer can see part
of Ohio and Ontario across Lake
Erie. Off on one side of the
island is the spot where Perry
fought the British and made

PISCA TORY NET-MARE:
Salmon Enliven July Fourth Dinners

HIS SPEECH seemed in con-
trast to the last major policy
speech of Marshal Tito, who de-
clared the western nations cannot
denend on Yugoslavia to Join in

By NANCY BYLAN

of the season was brougpht in duir-I

IWHEN DONE. the salmon re I

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