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ILVIII, No. 170
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1948
PRICE FIVE CENTS
_ .... .
- - - - f
WARSAW, June 23 - (1) -
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov
flew to Warsaw today for a hush-
hush conference with representa-
tives of seven Eastern European
Authoritative reports said they
are considering creation of a sep-
arate East German State.
Discuss London Conference
(The Moscow radio, heard in
London, said the conference would
discuss the decisions of the recent
six-nation London Conference
which drafted a plan for eventual
s .elf-government for the three
western occupation zones of Ger-
many. The participating nations
were United States, Britain,
France, Belgium, The Netherlands
Molotov gave the only official
hint of what he and the foreign
ministers of Hungary, Yugoslavia,
Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bul-
garia, Alba--da and Poland will
Wheh he arrived at Okecie Air-
'Att from Moscow, he spoke of the
necessity for security against
:'New German imperialist aggres-
ion." He spoke of the brother-
hood between the Slavic nations.
Molotov's brief remarks were
generally construed as indicating
the conferees will devote their ma-
or talks to German problems.
There were many reports to-
night that out of the parley may
evolve an announcement that
"Russia favors setting up an East
German State as an answer to the
Western allies proposed Federal-
ized Western Germany.
An official announcement dis-
. closed these top-ranking officials
are joining Molotov in the talks:
Foreign Ministers Eric Molnar
of Hungary, Stanoje Simic of Yu-
goslavia, Vladimir Clementis of.
Czechoslovakia Anna Pauker of
Romania, Vassil Kolaron of Bul-
garia and Enver Hodza of Albania
' and Poland's ldremier Josef Cy-
rankiewicz and Foreign Minister
At the first meeting of the Sum-
mer Session Student Legislature
last night a number of proposals
¢ for action during the summer
were made and discussed.
Proposals were made for a fresh
air dance, for further investigation
of the rental system now in force
won the University tennis courts,
for research into the history of the
University Health Service, and for
the appointment of a student rep-
resentative to work with the local
rent control board.
It was decided that the possi-
bility of holding a fresh air dance
i on the campus parking lot would
be gone into and a report submit-
ted at the next meeting. A pro-
posal was made that the dance be
given on a non-profit basis and
that other campus organizations
be asked to make donations for
Richard Burton, acting chair-
man during the summer, entered a
plea for summer students to work
with the Legislature. The experi-
ence that may be gained in this
way will be of great advantage to
those interested in running for
Legislature offices at the next
election, he said.
Meetings of the Student Legisla-
ture will be held every Wednesday
night at the Union.
Art Prints Ready
For Blank Walls
There's no excuse for students
f staring at four blank walls this
summer, according to Eloise Wil-
kinson, director of the Student
Loan Collection. .
The collecton of 320 framed
, prints, 45 of which are new, are
available for student loan for the
summer at a cost of 35 cents each.
The paintings, all by well-known
artists, are on display in the West
FI,,11zv of Albimi~ UpA'mni,'al .11l
In Coal Talks Is Reported
Board Announces Both Sides Are Ready
To Extend Present Contract if Necessary
WASHINGTON, June 23-(P)-
Hope for swift and peaceful settle-
ment of terms for a new coal min-
ing contract mounted tonight with
a double-barreled announcement
by a presidential inquiry board.
The board said:
1. John L. Lewis and the coal
Set for Draft
Calling of Men May
Start Next Fall
WASHINGTON, June 23 - ('P)
-Selective Service officials said
today it's a safe guess that draft
registration will start about Au-
Actual drafting of men 19
through 25 may begin early in Oc-
tober, officials estimated. By that
time, registration of men 18
through 25 should be finished.
The Draft Bill itself has not
been signed by President Truman.
Passed by Congress Saturday, it
has not reached the White House.
He has ten days to act after he
Induction Date Undecided
Induction date hinges on when
the bill is signed. The legislation
provides that no men will be
drafted until 90 days after the bill
Meanwhile, the flood of enlist-
ments of draft age men in the
National Guard is pushing the en-
rollment of the Guard well beyond
its quota fixed a few dags ago.
Enlistment in the Guard or in
organized reserves of the Navy,
Army or Air Force before the bill
becmes law exempts a man from
In Michigan, less than 1,000
more enlistments will be accepted
by the Michigan National Guard,
the State Adjutant General's Of-
fice announced today.
The Federal Gvernment has no-
tified the Michigan National
Guard that its total strength can
not exceed 7,209. Total Guard
strength on June 15 was 6,221.
Enlistm nt Ceiling
The ceiling on enlistments was
expected to intensify the rush of
draft-eligible men to sign up with
the Guard. Those who are mem-
bers of the National Guard and
other organized reserves before
the President signs the new draft
bill will be exempt from the draft.
Spokesmen said today that Na-
tional Guard enrollments may
reach 375,000 by the end of this
week. The earlier ceiling was 341,-
000. Its ultimate planned strength
by 1952 is 682,000.
There is little likelihood that
men already enlisted will be dis-
charged, officials said.
By The Associated Press
HYDRO, Okla., June 23--At
least seven persons are known
dead in a flash flood that struck
this West Central Oklahoma town
during the night.
Hundred ofsacres are under
water in scattered areas
throughout Oklahoma. Rampag-
ing streams also are out of their
banks in Nebraska, Kansas and
Missouri after 24 hours of heavy
DETROIT, June 23-Kaiser-
Frazer's car production was
halted today by the industry's
first reported "heat strike" of
A company spokesman said
about 45 workers on the en-
gine assembly line, complaining
of the heat and humidity,
walked out. The stoppage forced
the company to send home all
of its 8,500 production workers,
the spokesman added.
* * *
NEW YORK, June 23-A Fed-
eral Judge today issued an injunc-
tion under the Taft.-Hartley Act
restraining the CIO National Mar-.
itime Union and two affiliated
unions from taking strike action
for 80 days.
operators reported "considerable
progress toward a complete settle-
2.mBoth sides had agreed that if
they saw it would be impossible to
reach a complete contract they
would seek to agree on extending
the present contract.
That would provide time for
additional negotiations and pre-
vent the danger of a nationwide
summer coal strike.
Less than an hour after its
cheering announcement of prog-
ress, the inquiry board got a 24-
hour extension of its deadline
for reporting to President Tru-
man on the dispute. The report
now is due at 3 p.m. tomorrow,
two hours after a scheduled
meeting of Lewis withhis UMW
Board chairman David Cole told
reporters he does not know any
details of the negotiations between
Lewis, president of the United
Mine Workers, and the opera ors,
but that they have advised the
board they are making consider-
able progress toward writing a new
The present union-management
agreement expires June 30.
There was no official word
whether the coal operators had
agreed to accept a Federal
court's approval of Lewis' $100
monthly pension plans. But the
UMW chief previously had in-
sisted that the operators accept
the pension plan before he
would talk contract terms.
The three-man board has em-
phasized it is most interested in
promoting collective bargaining
between the two sides. Should it
report an impasse endangering
national health and safety, the
government likely would seek, an
injunction to block a strike.
American schools will need a
million more teachers in 12 years,
Dean James B. Edmonson, of the
education school, predicted Wed-
nesday, opening a series of sum-
mer' lectures on education.
"The shortage of teacher's today
is primarily due to the competi-
tion of other fields of work where
financial rewards are higher,"
Dean Edmonson said. He pointed
to the growing enrollments of
schools at the elementary levels
in the past few years and added
that replacements would be need-
ed for those that drop out of
teaching between now and 1960.
"Should any measure of unem-
ployment develop in the fields
that compete with the teaching
profession, there will be a corre-
sponding increase in the number
of candidates for teaching posi-
tions," he commented.
He said the teaching profession
is making headway in the im-
provement of its status and pro-
phesied that teaching would be-
come more attractive in the fu-
ture. He estimated that competi-
tion would increas'e in school sys-
tems which provide attractive sal-
aries, adequate housing for teach-
ing and maximum security-eco-
nomic and psychological.
Lectures to be given at 4:05 p.m.
today and tomorrow include dis-
cussions by Prof. Leonard A. Stid-
ley, of Oberlin College, and T. Lu-
ther Purdom, director of the Bu-
reau of Appointments and Occu-
A total of twenty-six lectures,
sponsored by the education school,
will be presented during the sum-
BERLIN, Thursday, June 24 -
(A')-The Russians halted all rail-
way traffic into the western sec-
tors of Berlin early today.
They also shut off that part of
the western sector's electric power
generated in the Soviet sector.
Western circles viewed these two
moves as Soviet retaliation for the
refusal of the United States, Brit-
ain and France to accept the
Soviet zone mark as Berlin's only
The Russian-licensed German
News Agency said, however, the
Soviets halted all freight and pas-
senger traffic between Berlin and
the western zone railhead at
Helmstedt because of a "technical
disturbance." It did not explain
the nature of the disturbance.
British sources said the Soviets
notified the Berlin electricity
works that electric power used in
the western sectors in the future
will have to be produced in the
west. Normally, power stations in
the western sectors produce only
one-half of the electricity used in
All freight for Berlin's western
sectors moves over the Helmstedt-
Late yesterday, Herman Rau,
chairman of the Soviet Zone's
German economic commission,
told newsmen that "unless sup-
plies come by air, serious economic
difficulties will develop for the
western sectors" of Berlin.
Earlier the Russians officially
threatened economic sanctions
against western Berlin if the
United States, France and Britain
refused to accept the Soviet zone
mark as Berlin's only legal cur-
The three western powers, how-
ever, voided yesterday a Russian
decree making a new Soviet-
stamped mark the only legal ten-
der in Berlin and ordered issuance
of the new western German
Deutsche Mark in their three sec-
tors. The effect was to erect a
paper currency wall through the
heart of Berlin, 100 miles behind
the iron curtain.
Thus Berlin's 3,400,000 people
were caught in the middle of an
East-West money fight.
Whether today's announcement
meant the Russians had made
their first economic sanction move
was not immediately clear.
Panels Will Discuss
Proposals affecting the entire
population of the country promise
to emanate from the National
Sanitation Clinic which entered
its third day of operations on
campus this morning.
The clinic, which is being at-
tended by approximately 380 dele-
gates, has brought together the
first time officials from public
health and industry to discuss
Representatives will split into 12
separate panels today to thrash
out problems ranging from food
protection to rodent and insect
control in an effort to establish
clear-cut recommendations for
Final progress reports will be
collected and presented in the
closing session tomorrow after-
noon at the School of Public
Dewey eads Nomination Lists
Navy Planes Crash over Detroit
Die, Fires Set
Four Homes in Area
DETROIT, June 23-(P)-Two
Navy planes, flying in a seven-
ship formation, crashed and
burned today after colliding over
the heavily-populated East Side
area of Detroit.
The flaming wreckage set fire
to four houses and a tool shop,
but scores of residents fled to
The two pilots of the single-
seater planes died in the crash,
and one tool shop employe was
slightly injured when struck by
Lieut.-Commander David A.
Black, public relations officer,
said that when the two planes
collided, the others scattered
hurriedly. This led some ground
spectators to believe three
planes had crashed, he said.
Wreckage of the falling
fighter planes spread a disas-
trous blaze through a one-block
area including the four houses
and the tool shop.
Fire and rescue crews made a
preliminary search of the burning
structures and expressed belief all
occupants had escaped.
Live wires were felled by the
falling wreckage and added to the
fire menace as scores of police
were mobilized to keep large
crowds of spectators away from.
Edward Stewart, 32, an em-
ploye of the Putnam Tool and
Die Company, said he and 20
other workers were on 'their
jobs in his department at the
plant when they heard a terrific
"We all rushed to the win-.
.dows and saw the wreckage of a
plane fall near a house a short
distance away," he said.
Stewart continued, "It seemed
only a second later that we heard
a crash and saw the second plane
come through the roof of our
plant and land a few feet from us.
If some of us had been atbour
work benches, we would have been
Police reports indicated the
wreckage that plunged into the
tool shop was a Corsair-type,
while the wreckage of the sec-
ond plane-a Hellcat-struck a
house and set it afire.
The flaming gasoline show-
ered over three adjacent houses
setting them afire as their occu-
pants rushed to safety. Three of
the homes were nearly de-
stroyed, but the fourth was only
The planes had passed over
Briggs Stadium only a minute or
two before the crash and some
of the spectators at the Detroit-
Washington game saw the mid-
The Navy identified the two
dead pilots as Ensign J. H. Nich-
olson, 25, of Scranton, Ia., and
Ensign Roy E. Schultheiss, 24, of
Port Huron, Mich
Both students at Michigan State
College in East Lansing, the vic-
tims were on a two week's tour
-of active duty at the Grosse Ile
Station. They had been wartime
pilots, but had not seen foreign
Officials said the Corsair plane
was nearly cut in two by the col-
lision which occurred at about
1,100 feet. The engine of the plane
landed nearly a block from where
the tail assembly fell.
CAN WE LOSE-Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, (left) and Sen. Arthur
H. Vandenberg, both graduates of the University, are now in the
thick of the battle at Philadelphia for the Republican presidential
nomination. Although no predictions can be made as to who
will win the political derby, at least the University has two con-
tenders going to the post.
NO SLUMP HERE:
Business Rides High in Philly
On Crest of Convention Wave
CONVENTION HALL, Philadel-
phia, June 23-(1)-This city
forked out $250,000. for the Re-
publican National Convention.
The consensus today is that it's
going to get its money back.
There doesn't seem to be any
concerted effort to put the bite on
the GOP and its assorted follow-
70 Cents an Egg
But it's still easy to pay 70 cents
for an egg sulking on limp lettuce
between two slices of bread. Or to
Supply Cut Off
Flow of Machinery
FAMAGUSTA, Cyprus, June 23
-(P)-The Jewish arms supply
route from Europe and America
has hit a bottleneck in Cyprus.
On docks, vacant lots and store-
houses here and at other Cyprus
ports and beaches there are acres
of crates awaiting shipment to
When war in Palestine began
outright on May 14 several ships
carrying cargo for Haifa and Tel
Aviv put in here, once the war
stores capital of the Phonecians.
The ships unloaded rather than
chance Arab bombings.
Most of the crates are marked
"farm machinery." The British
when asked about these marks
chuckle sarcastically. Jewish
Agency representatives will not
discuss the matter.
One crate was marked "auto-
mobile," but stencilled on the side
was a weight marking of 18 tons.
One crate was so big it had not
been moved from its barge in Lar-
naca Harbor. It was marked "35
Truman Signs Railroad
Retirement Benefit Act
WASHINGTON, June 23-(AP')-_
President Truman signed into law
today a measure raising retire-
ment benefits under the Railroad
Retirement Act by 20 per cent.
The new act cuts the railroads'
contribution to the Unemployment
Insurance Fund, the reduction to
be effective as long as the fund
stays above $450,000,000.
put out $13 apiece to sleep two in
Yet no matter how happily the
cash register may ring, a lot of
people around here will be just as
glad when we go home.
Taxi drivers, for instance.
Their business was hurt when a
motor car company decided to
help advertise its new model by
turning a fleet of cars over to the
Low-Tip Taxi Riders
"And this crowd," a cabbie
mourned as we crept along Broad
Street. "You can't move, chum,
These people are no fancy tippers,
either. I'm running $2 below what
I do on a normal day.
"It's nothing- like that Foun-
dryman's Convention we had here.
That, chum, was a convention."
A 13-year-old sidewalk shoe-
shine boy said his business was
"They all wear shoes," he said,
"but they never shine 'em."
Other business reports , were
A fellow I know got interested
in this type of research, and vol-
unteered to go out and interview a
He came back to say:
"That bartender was so busy
I couldn't catch his eye, much
less his ear."
He was a very sad researcher.
7, V isi tIng
Seventy-one visiting faculty
members have been added, to the
University teaching staff for the
Six of the group are educators
from England, the Netherlands,
and Canada, while the remainder
are on the regular faculties of
other American colleges and uni
Lit School Visitors
In the literary college, the
twenty-two visiting faculty mem-
bers have been distributed among
ten different departments. K. C.
Wheare of Oxford University and
F. W. Coker of Yale are tempo-
rary additions to the faculty of the
political science department. On
the physics department for the
summer session is H. B. Casim~er,
of Eindhoven, Netherlands.
A variety of educators repre-
senting universities from all over
the United States and Canada
have augmented the teaching
staff of the education school for
the summer session,
From All Over
Other visitors from England in-
clude James L. Brierly of Oxford,
an addition to the law school fac-
ulty, and J. R. Firth of the Uni-
versity of London, who will teach
at the Linguistic Institute.
Visiting faculty members will
also instruct summer session
Lodge Hands Support
To Sen. Vandenberg
.CONVENTION HALL, Philadel-
phia, June 23-(P)-The G.O.P.
confidently and noisily pitched in-
to its main business of picking a
presidential candidate tonight
and -amid boos and cheers-the
name of Thomas E. Dewey led all
The New York Governor's name
was placed in nomination first,
and then in order followed:
Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio,
Gov. Earl Warren of California,
former Governor Harold E. Stas-
sen of Minnesota; Senator Ray-
mond Baldwin of Connecticut
Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg of
Michigan; Gen. Douglas MacAr-
thur of Wisconsin.
Governor Dewey of New York
was the leader in votes, too. But
he had no chance to prove it un-
til tomorrow's actual balloting.
And a coalition of anxious
rivals was trying desperately to
slap a road block in his path.;
And they were saying they
would do it, even as Senator Ed-
ward Martin of Pennsylvania
offered Dewey to the Convention
as 'the next President of the
* * *
It was Martin who started a big
Dewey boom yesterday by giving
up as a favorite son and joining
forces with the New Yorker.
"This," Martin began, "is the
greatest honor of my life-."
It bellowed up from delegates
themselves and from the distant
reaches of double balconies almost
hidden behind a' blaze of lights
and tobacco haze.
But when he finished a great
chorus of cheers and applause
exploded in the Convention
chambar. Delegates grabbed up
state standards and waiting
Dewey banners and cascaded
into the aisles in one of those
merry, mad parades which are
the custom of these big political
While the demonstration was
on, Gov. Robert F. Bradford of.
Massachusetts threw in his lot
with Dewey. But the delegation he
heads is ready to split after it
tosses two complementary ballots
to Senator Leverett Saltonstall.
Back Vandenberg ...
Earlier tonight, .Senator Henry
Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts had
tossed his backing to Senator Ar-
thur H. Vandenberg of Michigan.
Three Michigan GOP leaders
reiterated their belief that Sen-
ator Vandenberg is"the best qual-
ified man in America for the pres-
In a joint statement, Gov.
Kim Sigler, Senator Homer
Ferguson and National Com-
mitteeman Arthur Summerfield
said they believe "that the crisis
that faces the nation in the next -
four years is such that no man's
nersonal reluctance should be
permitted to stand in the way
of selecting" him for leadership.
They said the statement was
prepared "without the consent or
knowledge of Senator Vanden-
"The biggest issue before the
American people is whether their
sons and daughters will again
have to go to war," they said.
"Senator Vandenberg has the
greatest first-hand knowledge of
the biggest problem that will face
the American people in the next
four years-the issue of war or
Here in Convention Hail, it
looked like a long night of ora-
tory- and drama, and of sweating
it out through nominating and
seconding speeches and through
more demonstrations like the
32-minute show for Dewey.
Tonight the show, tomorrow the
showdown. And Dewey backers
were aiming at victory by the
CONVENTION CLOSE UPS:
Vandenberg Backers Seek Powerful Outstate Support
By JOHN CAMPBELL
Daily Special Wrter
PHILADELPHIA, June 22 -
(Delayed) - Two big question
marks for the Michigan delega-
tion supporting Senator Arthur
Vandenberg are Pennsylvania and
delegation may split on the first
Up until now, the Vandenberg
campaign has lacked almost all
semblance of organization. Even
men close to the leaders of the
Michigan delegation don't seem
other delegation to its feet. Prev-
iously there had been reports that
Dewey leaders would be hard
pressed to hold down Vandenberg
boosters in several New England
delegations. The only support
Michigan got was from the vis-
mean being in the driver's seat.
It does mean, however, being con-
stantly trampled underneath a
horde of press photographers.
* * *
Mrs. Regina Hay, first woman
secretary of the Republican Can-