I~tK i E. .2 l Ht .L I
WASHINGTON, July 26-(P)-The
United States today accused Russia
of stripping Hungary of food supplies
and vitally-needed industrial mater-
It virtually demanded that the
Soviet Union join with this govern-
ment and Britain to halt "the pre-
sent economic disintegration" of the
Letter to Molotov
The State Department made public
a strongly-worded letter which Am-
bassador W. Bedell Smlith delivered
on Tuesday to Foreign Minister Molo-
This letter flatly rejected a whole
series of Soviet claims that Russia
was not interfering with economic
conditions in Hungary.
The letter, presented on direct in-
structions from Washington, sharply
reminded Molotov that Premier Stal-
in, Prime Minister Churchill and
President Roosevelt had agreed at
the Yalta Conference to work to-
gether to help the former Axis shtel-
lite states solve their "pressing poli-
tical and economic problems." Smith
frankly implied that the Russians
were not living up to this agreement.
Russian reparations demands and
the Red Army's policy of living off
the country were blamed as the
causes of Russia's removals of ma-
terials from Hungary.°
Disputes Moscow Contention
Smith disputed contentions which
he said had been made previously by
the Moscow government, that Hun-
gary's plight was in any way due to
the failure of the United States to
restore to Hungary, property which
the Germans had stolen and which
now is in the American zones of Ger-
many and Austria.
He called "grossly exaggerated" the
Russian estimate on this point, that
the United States is holding Hungar-
ian property worth $3,000;000,000.
Gerald Eddy Named
New State Geologist
LANSING; July 26-(R)-Gerald E.
Eddy, a graduate of Michigan State
College and the University of Michi-
gan, today was named Michigan State
He succeeds R. A. Smith, who is
retiring August 1 after 35 years of
service with the state. '
Eddy will be Michigan's 10th state
geologist since the Michigan Geologi-
cal Survey was established 109 years
ago. He joined the geological survey
division in 1933, and from 1942 to
1945 served in the Army as a cap-
TRUMAN SIGNS OPA REVIVAL BILL--President Harry S. Truman
(seated), signs OPA revival bill in White House ceremony. He is sur-
rounded by OPA regional administrators. OPA Administrator Paul
Porter looks on at left.
'GOLDEN RULE DAYS'
Books of Early Days Warned
Against '31iseries of Indolence'
Four Victims Claimed
In Georgia Massacre
MONROE, Ga., July 16-(kP)-The
mob spirit has flared among a group
of armed but unmasked white men
here resulting in the bloody massacre
of two Negro farm hands and their
The grotesquely sprawled bodies of
the victims-the coroner said at least
60 bullets were pumped into them-
were found in a clump of bushes be:
side a little, used sideroad.
The hands of the two men were
bound behind them. The hands of the
women were free. The upper part of
the bodies were scarcely recognizable
from the mass of bullet holes.
The women were sisters.
The stark rural tragedy-first of'
its kind in Georgia since long before
the war-occurred about eight miles
from here late yesterday, but the
story did not "leak out" until today.
Monroe is 40 miles northeast of me-
A few hours later Attorney Gen-
eral Tom Clark's office in Washing-
ton announced that a "complete in-
vestigation" had been ordered into
the multiple lynching.
Without. further elaboration, the
announcement from Washington said
that the Federal inquiry would be
carried out by the Civil Rights Sec-
tion of the Department of Justice.
Music Camp Choirs
To Present Musical
The combined music came college
and high school choirs, conducted by
Maynard Klein of New Orleans, will
present "The Peaceable Kingdom,"
a modern American oratorio today at
At 3:30 p.m. tomorrow the first
concert of the season by the 70-piece
Michigan All-State Orchestra will be
given with Elizabeth Green, director
of orchestras at the University, as
conductor. The National Music Camp
Symphonic Band, with Franklin P.
Inglis of Greencastle, Ind., as guest
conductor, will also present selections.
Central Control of Michigan's
Colleges Considered Unlikely
R E L. Ef
Dr. Eugene B. Elliott, State Super-
intendent'of Public Instruction, is3
pessimistic regarding future integra-
tion of Michigan's system of higher
In Ann Arbor for the Summer Ed-
ucation Conference, Dr. Elliott told
The Daily yesterday that he expects
little progress can be successfully
made toward the establishment of
an over-all board to control the de-
velopment of the state's rapidly-ex-
panding colleges and the University
He was recently appointed chair-
man of a committee of which will
make recommendations to the state
legislature for survey methods ex-
pected to culminate in some sort of
Dr. Elliott described the system of
higher education in Michigan as too
complex for a single control and in-
dicated that requirements of the vari-
ous schools would prohibit effective
cooperation in an integration pro-
"We have our hands full with only
the four educational colleges:al-
ready," he said. "To attempt to add
the University of Michigan, Michi-
gan State,rand possibly Wayne Uni-
versity to the picture would seem to
me almost out of the question."
He promised however that the new
board,, personnel of which has not
yet been named, will thoroughly study
the problem before offering sugges-
tions for action to the legislature.
Representatives from the Uni-
versity, Michigan State, the Michi-
gan Colleges Association, Wayne
University, the Michigan Junior
Colleges Association, and the Mich-
igan College of Mines at Houghton
will participate in the study at the
request of a five-man special com-
mittee from the State Legislature.
Proponents of the integration plan
contend that by unified control, the
state's college's could offer better
training, avoid unnecessary expense
resulting from over-lapping of func-
tions, and reduce the possibility of
friction in the quest for state funds
It was expected that the Board of
Regents would name Michigan's re-
-presentative yesterday, but no action
Au tos Appear
In .Detroit Show
DETROIT, July 26 -(P)- Kaiser-
Frazer Corp. gave its Kaiser and Fra-
zer automobiles their first public
hometown showing today in a pre-
sentation at Detroit's Convention
Along with the new automobiles
there were also put on display most
of the group of farm implements now
in production or to be made, like the
two passenger cars, at the big Willow
Run plant west of here. The farm
vehicles include a newly-announced
"full two-plow Frazer tractor" named
for Joseph W. Frazer, president of
Kaiser-Frazer, and a line of 34 trac-
The Kaiser car shown today was
the newly designed "special" that
replaced the earlier projected- front-
wheel Kaiser model. Generally it
follows the specifications of the Fra-
Both cars are powered with six-
cylinder, 100 horsepower engines; use
identical bodies, with 1231/2 inch
wheelbase and overall length of 203
inches. They differ mainly in their
Prices, according to Frazer, are
to be disclosed on August 15. Current
conjecture is that the Frazer will
sell for around $1,600 and the Kaiser
at from $150 to $200 less.
Lessons in "right living" were justy
as important as lessons in reading
and writing to the textbook writers'
of a century ago.
This fast was revealed in a recent
survey of a historical collection of
textbooks in the School of Education.
Marked contrast was shown between
these books and an exhibit of modern
textbooks on display at the Univer-
sity High School in connection with
the University's annual Summer Ed-
The historical collection of text-
books contains approximately 6,-
000 volumes, most of them publish-
ed between 1800 and 1900, and
brought together to provide stu-
dents of the history of education
with a survey of the development
of American textbooks. Included
ini the collection are several editions
of Webster's spelling book and the
famous McGuffey readers.
The science student of a hundred
years ago found texts far different
from 'those of today-an 1828 text-
book, for instance, takes no notice of
the atom .at all. A text of 1834 is
entitled "Chemistry, Meteorology and
the Function of Digestion Consid-
ered with' Reference to Natural The-
A warning to students is sounded
in a text of "Anatomy, Physiology
and Hygiene," published in 1849,
which declares that "when the brain
is properly called into action by
vigorous study, it increases in size
and strength; if it is not used, the
action of this organ is enfeebled,
thereby diminishing the function of
all parts of the body."
An elementary arithmetic used
by students in 1835 contains prob-
lems dealing with English currency
and instructs the student in proper
measurements for beer and ale.
Grammar school boys and girls
found their readers designed more
for character-building than for in-
terest. An 1856 sample includes se-
lections entitled "The Government of
the Tongue" and "Miseries of Indol-
ence" as well as such informative
pieces as "The Results of Machinery"
and "Great Values of Water in Hot
For Sale at
340 South State
THE REXALL STORE
.I . .
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 3)
iday, August 1, at 4 p.m., kindly sign
your name on a paper which will be
found at the delivery desk of the
library on the second floor of the
University High School. Please sign
before noon Tuesday, July 30.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division Street.
Wednesday evening service at 8:00.
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Sunday School at 11:45.
A special reading 'room is main-
tained by this church at 706 Wolver-
ine Building, Washington at Fourth
where the Bible, also the Christian
Science textbook, "Science and
Health with Key to the Scriptures,"
and other writings by Mary Baker
Eddy may be read, borrowed or pur-
chased. Open daily except Sundays
and holidays from 11:30 a.m. to 5
The Lutheran Student Association
-Bible Study Class will meet at 9:15
Sunday morning at the Center, 1304
Hill St. The Sunday afternoon meet-:
ing will be at the home of Miss Jean-I
nette Graf, 1990 Miller Rd., and the
group will meet at Zion Parish Hall
at 4:30 and leave from there. Miss
bnna Jordahl will conduct a short]
worship service after the picnic sup-<
Both Zion and Trinity Lutherani
churches will hold regular SundayI
niorning worship services at 10:30.1
First Presbyterian Church:
10:45 a.M. Morning Worship and
Holy Communion Service. Dr. Lemon
will preach "The Justification of
5:30 p.m. Summer Guild supper ini
the Social Hall. Dean and Mrs. J. B.
Edmonson are host and hostess, and
supper will be served by Mrs. Frank
Hait. Following the group will at-r
tend the First Congregational church
address, when Dr. Parr speaks on
""T he Life after Life."
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
? here will be a singspiraticn at 4.00
p.m. Sunday, July 28. Come early and
fellowship with us in song. At ttic
4:30 meeting in Lane Hail, lr. James
Barnes, a prominent Deroit business-
man, will be the speaker.
Grace Bible Church, 100 N. State.
Harold J. DeVries, pastor. Phone 2-
10:00 a.m. Bible School. University
11:00 a.m. "The Believer's Folly."
12:45 p.m. "Your Radio Choir" over
6 30 p.m. Youth Group.
7:30 p.m. "The Judgements"- in
9 *15 p.m. Singspiration at Free
Methodist Church for Youh of Ann
7:30 p.m. Wednesday. Thbl Sxitdy
Memorial Christian Church 'Dis
ci'.les of Christ) morning worship
10:50. Rev. Mr. Earl Harris, guest
minister, will deliver the morning
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at the Guild House (438
Maynard) at 4:30 p.m. this evening
and go in a group to the Baptist Guild
house where we will have a joint
meeting of recreation, singing, sup-
per, and worship. We will finish at
First Congregational Church, State
and William Streets. Rev. Leonard
A. Parr, D.D.
10:45 a.m. Public worship. Dr. Parr
will speak on "Events Are God Work-
4:30 p.m. Congregational Disciples
Student Guild joint picnic and wor-
ship services with the Baptist Guild,
at the Baptist Church.
Slichter To Speak..
Prof. Harold M. Dorr yesterday
announced a change in schedule for
the lecture to be given by Prof. Sum-
ner Slichter of the economics depart-
ment of Harvard University.
Prof. Slichter will speak at '4:10
p.m. Wednesday in Rackham Amphi-
theatre instead of on Tuesday, Au-
gust 13, as previously announced.
An authority on labor problems,
Prof. Slichter will be one of the
speakers in the current series of lec-
tures dealing with the general topic
of "Social Implications of Modern
* * *
Prof. Percival Price, University
carillonneur, will present a carillon
recital at 3 p.m. tomorrow.
His program will include three
English country dances, "A little pre-
lude and fugue for carillon," by Sir
H. Harty, three songs by Schubert,
and two victory rhapsodies by Prof.
Medieval Songs ...
Yves Tinayre, baritone, will present
the second of two recitals devoted to
the vocal music of the Medieval and
Renaissance periods at 8:30 p.m. to-
morrow in the First Presbyterian
His program will include selections
by Dufay, Gombert, Paumann, Por-
pora, Schutz Kriedel, and an un-
known work by de Pres.
Assisting Tinayre, who has been
called "the singing musicologist," will
be Emil Raab and Margaret Kay, vio-
linists, Elisabeth Lewis, violist, Mary
Oyer, cellist and Frieda Op't Holt
* * *
Prof. L. Ignatieff will give an illus-
trated talk on the nationalities of the
Soviet Union at the weekly meeting
of Russky Kruzhok, the Russian Club,
at 8 p.m. Monday in the Internation-
Prof. Ignatieff is a visiting profes-
sor in Russian from the University
of London in Ontario.
Following the lecture, tea will be
served from the samovar.
All Rusian Club members and their
friends are urged to attend the meet-
* * *
Thompson Speech .. .
"The Impact of Science on Popu-
lation Growth" will be discussed by
Warren S. Thompson, of Miami Uni-
versity, at 8:10 p.m. Tuesday in Rack-
717 North University Ave.
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