' TH EMICHIGAN DAILY
Use of War Plant
Relieves Crow ding
A new campus, 26 miles from the
Queen's Park site of the University
of Toronto, has provided a partial
answer to their problem of student
To ,accomplish this required the
transformation of a gigantic war
plant to an engineering school where
first year courses have already been
given to surne 1,200 students.
At Ajax, on the shores of Lake On-
tario, a new experiment in education
has W}egun. More than a war plant,
Ajax is a self-contained community
comprising some 600 houses, a central
heating plant, stories, fire-hall, post-
office, and other facilities. Here the
opportunity is offered to gain actual
experience in the administration of
civil affairs. Social responsibility has
become a new subject on the univer-
Designed To Hold 7,000
Toronto was designed originally to
accomnmodate not more than 7,000
student, allowing adequatehfacilities.
The return of veterans in the fall of
1945 lifted this figure to 10,000 with
applications still pouring in. With
student bodies across Canada already
double the pre-war figures, added
space had to be acquired if no appli-
cant were to be refused.
At Ajax, a shell-filling plant which
had sent over 25 million shells to the
fighting fronts during four years of
war,had rapidly assumed the ap-
pearance of a ghost town following
V-E Day. This site was chosen in
preference to neigh~boring training
stations to be an addition to the
University. The job of establishing
laboratories and classrooms for the
.first group of 1,200 freshman engi-l
neers was a bold undertaking, andl
was barely completed when they ar-
rived early in January.
This new campus has been made1
complete in every way. A cafeteria4
capable of serving 1,500, a men's
recreational center, and numerous1
sports facilities already have been1
provided. Although six times- the size
of, the home campus, Ajax is still
"small," but growing fast. Next fallt
will find some 4,000 first and secondt
year engineers studying at Toronto'si
BLAZING PLANE WRECKAGE-The huge TWA Cons tellation training plane which crashed in a Reading,
Pa., alfalfa field is shown above shortly after it crashe d and caught fire. Firemen (left foreground) brave
heat as they play a stream of water on the flaming p lane. The second Constellation crash in a manth, the
accident led to the CAA order Friday, grounding all ('Cnst lation planes
Detroit's Participation in OPA
Demonstration Gains Strength
for 30 days.
DETROIT, July 13 --()- Michi-
gan's participation in a nation-wide
demonstration against the death of
OPA was snowballing today as the
Detroit rally grew in proportions and
New Silver Bill
WASHINGTON, July 13--(P)--The
Senate late today removed the silver
price controversy from the Treasury-
Postoffice Supply Bill and passed a
separate bill calling for the sale of
the Treasury's surplus silver, at 90.3
cents per ounce.
The action was taken in an effort
to break a long deadlock with the
House, which insisted on a silver
sale price of 71.11 cents an ounce,
and which put this stipulation into
the supply bill as a rider. Each
chamber has repeatedly refused to
recede from itsproposed silver sale
rallies were slated at Jackson and
The demonstrations, scheduled for
Tuesday afternoon, were instigated
in labor union circles, but in Detroit
many other organizations were add-
ing their support.
Richard T. Leonard, CIO United
Auto Workers vice-president and
chairman of the rally, said that
among those joining his and other
unions in the protests are the De-
troit Association of Women's Clubs,
the Detroit Council of Churches,
the American Association of Uni-
versity Women, the Detroit Teach-
ers Association, and the League of
A crowd of "at least 200,000" was
expected to jam Cadillac Square and
a nationally prominent speaker was
Leonard said that this "is the first
time in the history of Michigan that
every labor organization known has
combined forces to present such a
"Also sitting in on the planning,"
he added, "are groups which never
before have appeared side by side
with labor in any demand."
CIO, AFL, MESA and other union
sources predicted that industrial and
retail activities will come to a virtual
haltras 'members walk out to attend,
Representatives of all organized
labor in IHillsdale met Friday night
and issued a call for a rally of pro-
OPA forces in the downtown area
All factories in the city will be
closed during the demonstration,
according to Emerson Jones, presi-
dent of UAW-AFL local 663. Plans
also are forming for the picketing of
stores charging excessive prices.
The Jackson CIO Council an-
nounced a similar meeting there.
AFL unions in Jackson were plan-
ning to picket food stores charging
.(Continued from Page 4)
. Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples of Christ)
Morning Worship-70:50. Mr. Earl
Harris, minister of Disston Memorial
Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia,
Pa., will be guest speaker.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at the Guild House, 438
Maynard at 4:30. They will go to the
arboretum for recreation, supper,
and worship. The program will be
over by 6:45 so that those who wish
can come back to the interdenom-
inational discussion meeting at 7:00.
Attendance of 140 hospital phar-
macists from throughout the nation'
is expected at an Institute on Hos-
pital Pharmacy opening here to-
.morrow, Don E. Francke, chief phar-
macist at University Hospital, said
Designed to present in capsulated
form a course in the fundamentals of
hospital pharmacy, the institute will
be the first of its kind in the country.
Speakers will include Dr. Austin
Smith, secretary of the Council on
Pharmacy and Chemistry of the
American Medical Association; Don-
ald A. Clark, apothecary-in-chief,
New York Hospital, New York City;
Dr. Malcolm T. MacEachern, associ-
ate director of the American College
of Surgeons, Chicago; and Dr. A. C.
Kerlikowske, University Hospital di-
DITROIT, July 13-(AP)-The hero-
ism 8f a frail six-year-old who was
injured in saving a baby from being
hit by a car was recognized today
when Peter Seaton of Huntington
Woods was presented with the Michi-
gan Automobile Club Hero's Safety
With No Atom
Cause of surrender
WASHINGTON, July 13-A com-
mission which studied bombing ef-
fects and other factors told Presi-
dent Truman today that Japan cer-
tainly would have surrendered before
the end of 1945 even without the
atomic bomb, Russia's entry into the
war or any Allied invasion plans.
Asserting that air supremacy was
"the major factor which determined
the timing of Japan's surrender," the
U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey had
this to say on other points, in a re-
port to the President:
The atomic bomb-brought "fur-
ther urgency and lubrication" to
Russia's entry-'"neither defeated
Japan nor materially hastened the
accbptance of surrender."
Invasion Threat #
The invasion threat-"anticipated
landings were even viewed by the
military with hope that they would
afford a means of inflicting casual-
ties sufficiently high to improve their
chances of a negotiated peace."
Some Japanese leaders recognized
as early as the spring of 1944 that
"Japan was facing ultimate defeat,"
said the report made public today by
the White House.
Political Structure Hindrance
"The time lapse between military
impotence and political acceptance
of the inevitable might have been
shorter," the report said, "had the
political structure of Japan per-
mitted a more rapid and decisive de-
termination of national policies.
"It seems clear, however, that air
supremacy and its exploitation over
Japan proper was the major factor
which determined the timing of Ja-
pan's surrender and obviated any
need for invasion."
Report by Staff
The report summarized the find-
ings of a staff of 1,150 civilians and
Army and Navy officers and enlisted
men who started work in Japan in
September, 1945, weeks after Japan's
fall. Headed by Franklin D'Olier,
former national commander of the
American Legion, the 12-member
survey earlier studied and reported
on the effects of the aerial attack on
By questioning more than 700 Ja-
panese military, government and in-
dustrial officials and translating
many documents, the survey put to-
gether a narrative report of "Japan's
struggle to end the war."
Fraterrity Reception . . .
The Pi Lambda Theta guest recep-
tion which was to have been held in
the West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building at 7:30 o'clock TuEs-
day night, July 1., has been can-
celled. The guest tea will be held at
a later date which will be announced
in The Michigan Daily.
Briggs To Speak . . .
"The Problem of World Govern-
ment" will be discussed by Herbert
IV. Brigg, professor of govern-
ment at Cornell University, at
8:1G p.m. Tuesday in Raekhani
A frolic for all students interested
in education will be held at 7:30 p.m.
Wednesday at the Women's Athletic
Progressive games and country
dancing will be the featured ac-
tivities, planned by students from a
lass in community recreation.
.* * *
Titiev on Russia...
Prof. Mischa Titiev of the An-
thropology department will dis-
cuss "Nationalities in Russia" at
the first meeting of the Russky
Kruzhok (Russian Circle) at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow at the International
The lecture is open to the pub-
Philippines Army Uses Mortars
To Crush 30,000 Hukbalihaps
MANILA, July 13-(P)-The Phil-
ippines army used mortars today
against a besieged bapd of Hukbala-
haps, emphasizing a threat of "large
scale action" intended to crush an
estimated 30,000 members of that
dissident guerrilla organization.
The besieged band, of uncertain
numbers, has been entrenched for
two days in Pampanga Province,
In Manila, final surrender notices
were prepared by the Army for dis-
tribution among the Huks, demand-
ing that they give up their arms and
Active -since shortly after the fall
of Bataan as the "Army of the People
against Japan," the Huks opposed
President Manuel A. Roxas in his bid
for office and since his inauguration
have made varied demands on him:
that they be accepted in the regular
army; that their leader, Luis Taruc,
be admitted to the house of repre-
sentatives; and that Roxas institute
agrarian reforms. Taruc was denied
the legislative seat on grounds of
The mortars were brought into ac-
tion at Lubao in Pampanga Province
#today during the second day of a
clash with entrenched peasants, us-
ing .50 caliber machine guns. Fifty
civilian guards were reported slain
during yesterday's fighting.
lie, but members of the club are
asked to come at 8 p.m. for a half
hour of singing. Following the lec-
ture, tea will be served from the
* * *
Newt "U' P'rograms ...
In addition to its regular Medical
Series, Home Planning Series, and
Criginal Radio Drana Series, the
University of Michigan Broadcast-
ing Service will introduce two new
programs this summer. They are:
Michigan Teachers Talk With a Pro-
fessor, presented by the staff of the
School of Education, and The Art of
Nursing Series, presented by the
staff of the School of Nursing and
** . *
Allen Travels West .
Prof. Shirley W. Allen of the'
School of Forestry and Conser-
vation will leave today for Mon-
tana for a twelve day trail riding
trip sponsored by the American
* * *
Grad Given Promotion...
John Oliver, '38E, has been named
department engineer of one of the
country's leading chemical firms. He
joined the company as junior en-
gineer after receiving his B.S. degree
in mechanical engineering.
1, - . - _
Interlochen Concert ...
The first Interlochen Bowl con-
cert by the 120-piece All-State High
School Band will be held at 3:30
p.m. today at the National Music
Camp at Interlochen.
The band will present the first
'half of the concert, while the second
half will be performed by the com-
-bined National Music Camp high
school and college choirs. The 265
voice choir will present Borodin's
"Polovetsian Dances" from the opera
"Prince Igor" and Moussorgsky's
"Coronation Scene" from Boris
The regular Sunday night concert
at 8 p.m. of the National School
Youth Symphony orchestra will in-
elude Macdowell's Second (Indian)
Suite and Tscaikowsky's "Romeo and
Juliet Overture." The orchestra, con-
ducted by Dr. Joseph E. Maddy, is
composed this year of 260 student
players from 46 states and seven
* * *
Piano Lecure-Re ci ql ...
Lee Pattison, guest pianist and
lecturer in the School of Music for
the sununer session, will present
the second in his series of lecture-
recitals entitled "A Survey of Piano
Literature" at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow
in the Rackham Lecture jHall.
Ie will discuss "Schumann and
Liszt, a Study in Contrasts" in
tomorrow's program, and will play
Schumann's "Kreisleriana - Fan-.
tasies, Op. 16" and Liszt's "Sonata
in B minor."
The lecture-recitals are open to
Music Studnt Plays .. .
The National Music Camp Mes-
siah Festival will be held at 8 p.m.c
Thursday at the Interlochen Bowl,
with hundreds of singers from church
and community choirs throughout
the state participating.
Maynard Klein, choral director at
Tulane University and Newcomb Col-
lege in New Orleans and a graduate
of the University, will conduct the
major portions of this first Inter-
lochen production of Handel's "Mes-
siah" to include musicians from the
entire state. Dr. Joseph E. Maddy,
president of the camp, will lead the
*- * *
Schubert Program .. .
Compositions by Schubert and
Alvin Etler will be played in the
second in the series of chamber
music concerts at 8:30 p.m. todJay
-in the Rackhami Lecture Hall.
The program will be presented
by Gilbert Ross and Lois Porter,
violinists; Louise Rood, violist;
Oliver Edel, cellist; Albert Luconi,
clarinetist; William D. Fitch, obo-
1st; and Joseph Brinkman, pianist.
Woodwind Rectal . . .
A wind instrument program in
the student recital series will be pre-
sented at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday in the
Rackham Assembly Hall.
The 20 students playing will be
assisted by Marvin Bostrum, Beatrice
Gaal and Mildred M. Andrews. The
program will include selections by
Dubois, Brandt, Rameau, De Wailly,
Maas, Delmas, Grovlez and Corelli.
Music Camp Festival .
Mary Fay Slawson, pianist, will
present a recital in partial fulfillment
of the requirements for the degree of
Master of Music at 8:30 p.m. Wed-
nesday in Rackham Assembly Hall.
Her program will include Bach's
Sonata in A major, two preludes by
Rachmaninoff, a Postludium and
Rhapsody by Dohnanyi, and Brahms'
Sonata in F minor, Op. 5.
Miss Slawson is a pupil of Joseph
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