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August 18, 1946 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1946-08-18

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LVI, No. 35S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, AUGUST 18, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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New Students
To Compose
Large Group,
Old Students Polled
By LiterarySchool
A breakdown on the record-shat-
tering enrollment figures for the fall
semester indicates that the percent-
age of new students expected will
range from twenty to ninety per cent
in the various schools and colleges
of the University, except the literary
college and the architecture school.
The literary college mailed post
cards this week to approximately 4,000
students in an effort to estimate the
number of old students who plan
to return, in order to make out time
schedules and to figure out the teach-
ing burden of the literary college
faculty. No estimate on the expected
number of new students was avail-
able.
The law school expects approxi-
mately 450 new students and 950
old students.
In the School of Public Health,
about 180 new students are expected
and about 50 old students will re-
turn.
The medical school revealed that
approximately 540 students will re-
turn, while there will be about 130
new students enrolled.
In the dental school, the percent-
age will be about half and half, with
90 students expected to return and
90 new students expected. There
will be about 30 new hygienists and
24 who have completed one year of
their two-year course.
The music school announced that
its enrollment quota of 430 students
had been reached, about 40 per cent
of which will be new students.
In the forestr.y school about 502
students- will return while 426 stu-
dents will be enrolled there for the

CIO Publishes Voting
Record of Congressmen
Compilation Described as 'Guide' for Balloters;
Survey Includes Price Control, Housing Bills

Death

Toll Mounts to

270

After

Two Days of Hindu-Moslem Riots;

macy school expects 64
ts and 77 old students.
the number of students
nroll in the architecture
not yet available, since
iethod of estimation is
s in the literary school.
ineering school approxi-
reveal an expected num-
ild students and 954 new

WASHINGTON, Aug. 17-(RP)-The
CIO published today as "a weapon in
the coming battle of ballots" the
voting records of all members of
congress "on 12 issues of major im-
portance to the American people."
Calling the compilation of how
congressmen voted a "guide" for citi-
zens in determining how they will
cast their ballots, the CIO and its
Two Officials
Hurt in Great
Lakes Strike
Four Seamen Held
After Chicago Melee
DETROIT, Aug. 17-(/P)-Violence
flared again on the Great Lakes
shipping strike today as two officials
of the Lake Carriers Association were
injured and four "CIO seamen" de-
tained by South Chicago police af-
ter a melee at an association hall
there,
At the same time, Joseph Curran,
President of the CIO National Mari-
time Union, asserted at Detroit strike
headquarters that two "NMU pick-
ets were injured today" in an inci-
dent at Ashtabula, Ohio.
Curran, in a statement issued be-
fore he boarded a train for New York
where he will discuss strike settle-
ment terms,. declared :
"The seaman want to picket peace-
fully in their effort to win the 40-
hour work week. If goons from the
Lake Carrier Association want
trouble, they'll get it all across the
lakes. We propose to see that no
pickets are hurt."
At Ashtabula, unofficial reports in-
dicated several pickets were injured
when an auto passed through an
NMU picket line. The reported "in-
cidents" were the first since Thurs-
day-initial day of the strike-when
NMU pickets and some AFL mem-
bers clashedon a Detroit dock.
Meanwhile at Cleveland, the CIO
unionists-who began their strike
against Great Lakes ship operators
at 12:01 a.m. Thursday-received
support from the AFL tugmen.
Reports from that city said the
tugmen of the ODT-operated Great
Lakes Towing Company failed to
tow two ore freighters in and out
of Cleveland harbor.
Lawrence C. Turner, manager for
the government operated company,
warned the AFL unionists that fail-
ure to furnish normal service would
constitute a violation of federal
regulations. He then conferred with
AFL officials regarding the stoppage.
o lnd Seeks
ore U.S. Aid
Ambassador Refutes
Alleged Satellite Status
WASHINGTON, Aug. 17-(PA)-Po-
lish Ambassador Oscar Lange, back
from a month of conferences in War-
saw, declared today that Poland is
actively seeking close relation with
the Western nations as well as with
Russian and does not intend to be
a satellite -of any power.
But, he said, the closeness of Po-
land's economic relations with the
United States depends largely on the
amount of financial assistance which
it can obtain here. He disclosed that
Warsaw is interested in an addition-
al American loan, saying "we could
use half a billion dollars or $100,-
000,000-it depends on how much you
can let us have."

British Army

Units

Battle,

Political Action Committee said in
their joint publicaton that they were
not settng up a blacklist or a list of
endorsed candidates.
The publication continued:
"This is the time to learn the is-
sues-and even more important to
get your future congressman firmly
committed to supporting labor's de-
mands.
Record of 79th Congress
"This is a record of the 79th Con-
gress that failed to act on many of
the most important issues affecting
the welfare of the people. Congress
mangled price control. It looked the
other way on housing. It buried
health and minimum wage legisla-
tion. It refused even to debate the
question of an extended fair employ-
ment practices committee, to abolish
racial discrimination.It failed to act
on the anti-poll tax bill. It watered
down the full employment bill.
"Labor, farmers, consumers, small
businessmen, professional people-
all must turn to political action to
make sure that the next session of
Congress will heed their plight and
act in their behalf."
Senate Vote Record
Of the dozen issues selected in the
Senate to measure members there
up to CIO standards only 30 of the
total 96 voted more often for than
against the way the CIO would have
liked them to vote. In the House on-
ly 142 of the total 435 'members had
more pluses than minuses after their
names in the CIO list.
Two senators-Mead (Dem., N.Y.)
and Guffy (Dem., Pa.)-voted exactly
the way the CIO thought they should
on all dozen issues. Another senator-
ial pair-Johnston (Dem., S.C.) and
Stewart (Dem., Tenn.)-voted con-
trary to CIO's position on every is-
sue named.
The CIO publication, a supple-
ment to the organization's regular
newspaper, said a congressman can-
not always be judged by his voting
record because "frequently they play
for the record in the samre w yth
a ball player 'plays for the grand-
stand.' . . . PAC endorsement of a
candidate is based on many factors."
115,000 Soviet
Troops Reputed
At Iran Border
TEHRAN, Aug. 17--(P)-An offi-
cial foreign source who requested
anonymity said today that cabled re-
ports from the northern frontier in-
dicated the Russians had massed be-
tween 15 and 25 divisions-possibly
as many as 115,000 men-along the
Araxes River boundary between Iran
and Soviet Russia.
Maintain Units
This official, who said the reports
came from "qualified military obser-
vers" described the troops as "typi-
cal Red Army mountain units" and
added they were deployed for 38 miles
east of Dzhulfa, border city 80 miles
north of Tabriz.
(The official Soviet news agency
Tass said yesterday it had been au-
thorized to deny similar reports, at-
tributed to Hussein Ala, Iranian Am-
bassador to the United States.
Purpose Unknown
(Ala said in Washington Tuesday
that he had received some reports
that the Russians had concentrated
troops in the Caucasus north of Iran,
but that his information did not in-
dicate their purpose. He added that
they might be used to counter Bri-
tish pressure against Iran in the
south, or to bring pressure on Turkey
in view of Russia's proposals for a
hand in direct control and defense
of the Dardanelles.

Rioting Began Yesterday During
Moslem League 's 'AcoDay'
Armed Bands of Indians Defy Strict Curfew;
Looting Calcutta Shops Continues Unabated

CONNALLY ON WAY TO AID BYRNES-Standing on the pier in New
York just before sailing for France aboard the liner Queen Mary are
Senator and Mrs. Tom Connally of Texas. Summoned to the Paris peace
conference by Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, Connally told report-
ers that Russia had "maintained an unreasonable position" at the con-
ference.
Britain Planning ' Ship 10,000
Jewish'Refugees to Cyp'rus Camp

ber 01 Z,8
students.

Scientists Will
Be Deferred In
Revised Draft
WASHINGTON, Aug. 17-(A)-A
new draft plan based on liberalized
deferment policies is in the making,
Selective Service officials disclosed
today.
One of them told a rep(7rter that
the latest estimates indicate the draft
can produce only 155,000 men 19-29
years of age by next March 31 "even
if the bottom Of the barrel is scrap-
ed." Maj. Gen. Willard S. Paul, Di-
rector of Personnel, has said the Ar-
my needs 185,000.
Increase Necessary
Liberalized rules would make even
fewer than 155,000 men available.
About the only way to increase the
number substantially would be to
raise the age limit above 29 years, one
Selective Service official said.
He added, however, that this is for
the Army to decide. The War De-
partment specified a few weeks ago
it wanted its men under 29. The law
permits the drafting of men up to
44. In addition 18-year-olds must
register but are not subject to call.
Some announcement concerning
new deferment policies is expected
next week, one official said. Nothing
is expected to be done for some
time to increase the number of men!
subject to call as the present supply
is sufficient for months.
Protests Registered
The recalculations of manpower,
based on liberalized draft rules, were
ordered on the heels of protests from
education and science organizations
that the proposed rules will permit
the drafting of some of the "most
promising" young scientists of the
country.
In addition the American Council
on Education estimated recently
8,000 professors could be drafted if
present rules are rigidly enforced.
This, the Council estimated, would
eliminate educational opportunities
for 168000 war veterans.
Mid-West Tornado
Kills 5, MWany Hurt

Mobs

NEW YORK, Aug. 17-(R)-As the
entire port city of Haifa stirred un-
easily yesterday to ominous Zionist
mutterings against deportation of
more illegal immigrants from Pales-
tine, a Cyprus government spokes-
man announced the Karaolos deten-
tion camp there was being expanded
to accommodate 10,000 Jewish refu-
gees.
The Palestine government already
has transported 1,200 illegal Jewish
immigrants from the Holy Land to
Karaolos, near Famafusta, capital of
Cyprus.
As British officials in Haifa pre-
pared yesterday to ship 1,400 more
refugees to Cyprus, a mystery voice
harangued crowds of angry Jews in
Haifa's streets to "be prepared for
anything and stand for the next few
hours."
Although officials were'hopeful the
new shipment of 1,400 Jews could be
carried out without a new outburst of
violence in Haifa, a first attempt Fri-
day night to get the operation under
way was abandoned. in the face of
opposition from the, immigrants
themselves.
In Palestine, a high police official
Austria To Give
Peace Views
At Conference
PARIS, Aug. 17-(P)-The Euro-
pean Peace Conference, turning down
Russian objections, voted 15 to 6
today to invite Austria to present its
views on the draft treaty with Italy,
and then approved unanimously a
Soviet suggestion that Iran also be
invited.
Championed by Britain and sup-
ported by the United States, the Aus-
trian proposal provided that the
former enemy state be invited to ex-
plain its point of view on the Italian
treaty "on the same terms as Al-
bania, Mexico, Cuba and Egypt."
Slavs Opposed
All six Slav nations opposed the
move, which a Russian delegate said
was intended to air Austria's claim
to the South Tyrol.
The debate prompted a suggestion
that the Big Four hold meetings
outside the plenary sessions to speed
the work of the conference, which
has not yet gotten down to the task
for which it was summoned-the

said the immigrants aboard the il-
legal ships "23" and "Fenice" in Hai-
fa harbor first had promised to co-
operate in the trans-shipment oper-
ation. Later, however, when launches
and landing barges approached the
schooners, the immigrants flatly re-
fused to leave their ships, shouted
insults at the soldiers and sailors,
and called the police "Nazis" and
"SS Men." The police official said
"We then decided to abandon the
effort because the whole thing was
planned on the basis of receiving
cooperation from the immigrants."
Thousands of Jews gathered early
yesterday in Haifa for a demonstra-
tion called to protest the trans-ship-
ment. The secret radio of Haganah,
Jewish underground organization,
broadcast calls for the meeting, but
warned Jews against going into the
harbor area or against making "use-
less sacrifices."
Refugee Shipment
To US Is Remote
WASHINGTON, Aug. 17-(IP)-
Prospects of a quick open-armed wel-
come in the United States for Eur-
ope's homeless refugees appeared
scant today, even as diplomatic ex-
perts grasped at signs that Anglo-
American talks on the explosive Jew-
ish-Palestine problem soon may be
resumed.
Anxious diplomats in Washington
seized upon a Paris report that Bri-
tish Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin
had conferred today with three top
officials of the Jewish agency, to bol-
ster their hopes that a stalemate on
Palestine's problems has not frozen
fast as yet.,

CALCUTTA, Aug. 17-14)-Rioting
Moslems and Hindus fought a pitch-
ed battle in central Calcutta tonight
and casualties mounted steadily from
two days of bloody clashes.
Reuters said the toll was esti-
mated at 270 killed and 1,600 injured.
Other reports said more than 2,000
had been hurt.
British army units, some using
armored cars, helped hard-pressed
police attempting to restore order.
Gunfire sounded in the streets.
Many victims were stabbed. Some
shops wereburned and others loot-
ed. Time and again police opened
fire to break up angry crowds of Hin-
dus and Moslems.
Began Yesterday
The rioting started yesterday dur-
ing the Moslem League's observance
of a "Direct Action Day" in protest
against British proposals for Indian
independence and the Hindus' views
on the plan. Rioting and street
clashes continued through the night,
abating somewhat by early morning,
and then burst out anew today and
this evening.
The governor of Bengal, Sir Fred-
erick Burrows, in a broadcast urged
persons to keep off the streets and
declared it was "discreditable that,
on the eve of self-government, the
largest city in India should become
a victim of mob rule." I
Crowds roaming the .streets last
night had defied a strict 9 p.m. to 4
a.m. curfew.
Troops Heavily Armed
Heagily-armed, steel-helmeted Brit-
ish troops, called in to support the
harassed police, patrolled the streets
in trucks and jeeps, their vehicles
Communists
Claim Victory
In Honan Area
NANKING, Aug. 17-(P)-The
Communist radio at Yenari said to-
day that 8,000 Chinese government
troops had been wiped out in fierce
fighting along the east-west Lung-
hai railway in the Kiangsu, Anhwei
and Honan provincial border area
some 300 miles northwest of Nanking.
Many of the casualties were among
the crack American-equipped 18th
Division, the Communist report said.
It declared the Communists forces
now held more than 100 miles of the
Lunghai railway after capturing Lo-
wang, a dozen miles east of the Honan
provincial capital of Kaifeng, and
Huangkow, 34 miles west of Hsuchow.
Turn in Used Textbooks
Agents for the Student Book
Exchange now have receipts and
will be collecting books all this
week, m'anager Dick Burton an-
nounced yesterday.
The bulk of the collections are
expected on Thursday and Friday
after finals and on those days the
Student Book Exchange office in
the Michigan League will be open
to receive books from students
who have not been contacted by
house agents.

covered with wire mesh to fend off
the missles of the mobs.
Police published a stern order pro-
hibiting the assembly of five or more
persons who carried dangerous
weapons. But Indians roaming the
center of the city defied the order,
arming themselves with heavy sticks
and clubs. Looting of shops continued
unabated.
Some sources said it would be a
week before the trouble subsided ful-
ly.
530 Veterans
Start Refresher
Term At IU'
Course Is Designed
To Aid Vet Orientation
More than 530 veterans have al-
ready registered for the four-week re-
fresher course which begins Monday,
according to Prof. Clark Hopkins,
associate director of the Veterans
Service Bureau which is sponsoring
the program.
The course, which is designed to
reacquaint the new student-veteran
with study habits and examina-
tions, is offering classes in a wide
variety of subjects ranging from Eng-
lish, history, languages, and akin so-
cial sciences 'to engineering, mathe-
matics, and slide rule instruction for
engineering students.
During the past two days the vet-
erans have been taking aptitude and
proficiency tests to determine the
particular sections which can best
aid them. Friday the University of
Michigan Veterans Organization
supplied guides who conducted the
new arrivals on a tour about the
campus.
Tomorrow the refresher students
begin the four week intensive course
to prepare themselves for the regular
fall semester.
Middle East 0il
Termed Vital.
In 'U.S. Future

WASHINGTON, Aug. 17--(P)-The
State Department told the nation to-
night that it faces an oil shortage in
20 years and that the best foreign
source of petroleum is the strife rid-
den Middle East.
Uncertainty over the future of Pal-
estine is even now holding up con-
struction of a pipeline across Saudi
Arabia in that area.
In one of the frankest discussions
of the relationships between oil, war
and foreign policy, the department
joined through two of its ranking of-
ficials with an officer of the Army-
Navy Petroleum Board to broadcast
a lengthy discussion of the interest
presently involved in oil here and
abroad.
Remarks prepared for broadcast
brought out these principal points:
1. An official prediction that the
country faces such a drop in domes-
tic oil production that it will have to
import about half its requirements by
1965.
2. A statement that American con-
trol of 42 per cent of the known
reserves in the Middle East, largest
in the world, is "extremely impor-
tant" to the United States both be-
cause of future import needs and
the present "strategic" imporance of
this oil.
City Council Plans
U Traffic Survey
In response to a petition by the
Student Legislature requesting that
traffic controls be instituted in the
University area, the City Council's

FINALE FOR FREE:
The Late Christopher Bean'
To Close U' Dramatic Season

SUMMER -SONGFEST:
University Chorus To Present
Concert at Hill Auditorium,
Ninety-four students representing songs by Brahms, three nursery
twenty-four states will sing in the rhymes arranged by Canning, three
Summer Session Chorus when it pre- folk tunes-"Meadowlands," "Annie
sents its summer concert at 8:30 Laurie," and "I Love My Love in the
p.m. today in Hill Auditorium. Morning," and three Negro spirituals
Mary Muldowney, director of choral -"Ride the Chariot," "Gonna Jour-
work at State Teachers' College, In- ney Away," and "Set Down Servant."
diana, Pa., will conduct the chorus. The second of these, "Gonna Journey
Soloists are Lynne Palmer, nationally Away," will be directed by its com-
known harpist and faculty member poser, Noah Ryder.

The summer dramatic season will
close with a student , laboratory pro-
duction of "The Late Christopher
Bean" to be presented free of charge
Wednesday at 8 p.m. in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
This Sidney Howard comedy des-
cribes the reaction of a New Eng-
land family when it discovers that

Abbie, who really understood the
painter, shows the family up and
claims the painting when she re-
veals that she married the painter.
The play is being directed by Ray
Pedersen and Dorothy Wineland.
In the case are: Roger Cleary who
will appear as Doctor Haggett, and

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