THE MICHIGAN DAILY
he N t O theCdtOr
I®I !! ®I s
About Those Dogs
To the Editor:
F THE GRADUATE STUDENT, Mr. J. A. Ses-
sions, had cared to expend the energy in re-
search required to walk from the reading rooms
two and four of the Library, to the first floor
office of the undersigned in the Pharmacology
Building, he could have gained the following
information which might have made his thesis,.
"Dog Pound," which appeared in this column on
Aug. 15, more replete with facts and less lacking
in insight and accuracy of statement.
Pharmacology has no administrative connec-
tion with the School of Pharmacy. It is one of
the basic sciences, and a department of the
Medical School. The School of Pharmacy, which
is located in the Chemistry Building, uses no
animals. Pharmacy is a chemical science, dealing
with the production, dispensation, etc., of drugs
or chemical agents; pharmacology is a biological
science, dealing with the effects of chemical
compounds on living protoplasm. Students of
the latter subject are charged with the respon-
sibility of evaluating new chemical agents for use
in disease in man.
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Managing Editors .. Paul Harsha, Milton Freudenheim
City News ................................ Clyde Recht
University ............................ Natalie Bagrow
Sports .................................... Jack' Martin
Women's ............... .................. Lynne Ford
Business Manager....................... Janet Cork
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colicASo BOSoTON * Los ANSeLSS " SAN FRIANCISICO
NIGHT EDITOR: WILL HARDY
.ditorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
In order to safeguard man from the in dis-
criminate application of new or old chemical
compounds it is necessary to determine their
effects and toxicity in a series of different
HiE LETHARGY which has enveloped the
American people since the beginning of diplo-
matic debate on issues of world-wide importance
is strikingly pointed out in the lack of reaction
to the recent flare-up in Iran.
A British Foreign Office spokesman's state-
ment that his country will resort to unilat
force to quell disturbance in the Iranian oil
region has been met with stolid acceptance by
The extraordinary revelation of the disregard
with which the British view the United Nations
cannot be countenanced by anyone who believes
in the rights, of small independent nations. No
matter how many economic concessions a big
power holds in a small country it has no right to
send troops to a neighboring border as a threat.
In this case the British have moved troops under
one pretext or another to Basra, as a warning
against further rioting instigated by the Russian-
favored Tudeh party in a strike against poor
mining conditions in the Iranian oil- district.
Half-heartedly, the British have offered the
excuse that they are going "to safe-guard Indi-
an and British interests." As an excuse, it is at
best very flimsy, but as a bald statement of
British aims it probably comes very close to the
truth. The indication which naturally follows is
that the British are back in their old rut-
namely, of looking out for the British and to
blazes with all the work done by the UN to main-
tain the peace.
.When reminded of. the purposes of the UN
Security Council, Britain replied that "there may
not be time to consult the United Nations" if
disorders broke out suddenly and that she would
feel justified in taking "unilateral action" to pro-
tect, the Anglo-Iranian oil wells, of which she
owns half the shares, and which are the main
source of supply. for her fleet. It may be the
Iranian government and others would differ
in their opinions on this point.
The British could take the matter up with
the Security Council, which is permanently in'
session, but the British with keen perspicuity
have pointed out that at this time the Council
has no troops.
Unfortunately this is true. Should Iran pro-
test an invasion of her territory by the British
at some future date, the matter would immedi-
ately come before the Council, which organization.
was purposely provided with a Military Staff
Committee in order to waylay the flaws of the old
League of Nations.
This committee was created to advise .the
Council on all matters involving the use of armed
forces placed at its disposal to preserve the
peace. It has regular secret meetings, but per-
haps they have been too secret because as far
as can be learned no progress has been made
toward establishing an international armed force
to be used in cases exactly like this.
The United Nations, therefore, is an im-
potent force at this particular juncture. Brit-
ain knows this, and the Russian troops mass-
ing at the northern Iranian border know this.
An important test of the devices created by
the peace-loving countries of the world faces
us and we remain silent.
SENATOR VANDENBERG is a very fine speak-
er. His speech here in Ann Arbor was quite
well delivered. His enunciation is excellent, and
he speaks about freedom and liberty with a
sincerity and conviction which do credit to the
best American traditions. But after listening
to this speech, which was hailed as a major
declaration of the Republican position on foreign
affairs, you weren't quite certain what he had
What would Senator Vandenberg have us do
about dictator Franto in Spain? He did
not say. What would Senator Vandenberg
have us do about the future Allied policy In
Germany? He did not say. What does Senator
Vandenberg think we should do to improve
Big Three unity? He did not say. What does
Senator Vandenberg think of American inter-
vention in China? He did not say.
For all of Senator Vandenberg's nice voice and
perfect enunciation, he didn't say very much.
He didn't say much at all. He told us that he
believes in collective security. Collective security
was a phrase with real meaning in those days
when the peril of fascism was spreading over
Europe. It took real courage to stand and talk
about the imperative necessity of quarantining
the aggressor, as President Roosevelt did at that
time. In those days the peril of fascism was
the No. 1 concrete problem facing American
security. Collective security meant unity between
Britain, Russia, France and the United States
to halt the aggression of the Axis powers. But
today collective security is a dead issue, a slogan
from which the meaning was drained by five
bloody years of war. In the days when collective
security meant unity against the Axis, Senator
Vandenberg was an isolationist. Today when the
issues have shifted and the battle-lines have
changed, Senator Vandenberg is for collective
security. Six years after the people of Britain
began the fight against Nazi Germany, he be-
lieves that we should help the people of Britain.
There is reason to question the sincerity of
pious declarations after the battle has been
fought and won. When the election of Roose-
velt in 1944 demonstrated the overwhelming
support for an international organization that
existed in the United States, Senator Van-
denberg became an internationalist. Let him
talk, just once, about a problem before it is
settled. Let him, just once, take a clear-cut
stand on a major problem that faces this
country. Let him tell us what he would have
us do about Franco, about China, about Ger-
many and Japan, about the growing rift be-
tween Russia and the United States.
He speaks in a fine voice about justice for small
nations. Czechoslovakia was a small nation, but
Senator Vandenberg did not choose to lift his
voice against the Munich outrage. Poland was
a small nation, but he didn't become an inter-
nationalist until long after Poland had been
over-run. Greece was a small nation seven years
ago . . . it is no smaller today than it was at
that time . .. but Germany over-ran Greece with-
out a protest from Senator Vandenberg. Per-
haps he is concerned about justice only for
fascist small nations, such as Spain, or Ar-
gentina, or Portugal. What does he believe that
justice for Spain requires from the United
States? Again he does not say.
It is thus that men become Senator, or even
President, without the people having any idea
how they stand on matters that will mean war
or peace, prosperity or starvation, for us and
for our children.-
animals prior to their introduction into the
clinic. This evaluation cannot be accomplish-
ed satisfactorily in the rabbit alone. Because
of the size, cost, ease of maintenance; and
general similarity in response to that obtained
in man, it is essential to use the dog as one
of the test objects in determining the actions
and toxicity of drugs.
The dogs used in the Department of Pharma-
cology are housed in clean, well-lighted, proper-
ly ventilated quarters and have Purina dog
chow and clean water before them twenty-four
hours a day, seven days a week. Mr. Sessions
could have easily ascertained these facts by a
visit to the laboratory. An invitation is hereby
Dogs bark at strangers and at unusual noises,
especially when their usual attendant is on vaca-
tion. The Pharmacology Building is undergo-
ing extensive remodeling this summer, and the
presence of carpenters, plumbers, plasterers, etc.,
creates a constant and unusual disturbance.
Parts of the present Pharmacology Building
were built in 1857. It is not sound proof. In the
absence of an air conditioning system, windows
must be left open in the summer time for venti-
lation. It is recognized by the University Ad-
ministration that the medical teaching and re-
search units should be moved to the hospital
area, not only for our convenience but to elim-
mate the nuisance complained of by Mr. Ses-
sions. Such a program is a part of the five year
building plan which has received so much pub-
licity in the last year. The only item lacking
at present is a legislative appropriation to put
the above into effect, or a benefactor sufficiently
impressed with the telling arguments presented
by Mr. Sessions to subsidize the building of such
units away from the main campus.
The above comments are offered, not in
extenuation of an admitted nuisance, but in
the hope that a certain degree of tolerance
be acquired for a situation which is not easily
remediable at the present time.
It might be suggested, in passing, that Mr.
Sessions extend his horizon, by reading, in addi-
tion to the "Basic 'Works of Aristotle," "The
Way of an Investigator," by the late Walter
-M. H. Seevers, Professor of Pharmacology
Three Young Men
By VICTOR RIESEL
This is a tale of high politics and three bright
young men-still unknown to the public-who
will hit the headlines again and again in the
years before the next Presidential election.
The story might well begin with some frank
words about Secretary of Commerce Henry Wal-
There appears to be no explanation for Wal-
lace's silence and his refusal to fight the CIO's
battles in the past strike-filled year. Never hav-
ing been among those who screamed "Wallace
in '48" I'm more than willing to agree with CIO
leaders who accuse him of desertion at the cru-
cial moment in their post-war fights.
All of which has left Mr. Truman without any-
one in and about the White House to enthuse
those energentic, door-bell ringing, labor polit-
icos who did such a job for Franklin Roosevelt
in '44. This chore seems automatically to have
been dumped in Labor Secretary Schwellenbach's
lap-and as soon as the summer's dog days are
over Schwellenbach will stump through the big
cities to rally labor support for the Democrats
in the fall election campaign.
And this is the point where the three bright
young men come in. They are Schwellenbach's
three $10,000-a-year Assistant Secretaries of
Labor. So carefully have they been chosen, they
represent all labor circles and will shape the De-
partment's policies while the earnest Mr. Schwel-
lenbach is mending fences for the White House.
Two of them, 41-year-old Phillip Hannah, the
AFL's man, and Johnny Gibson, the CIO's rep-
resentative, began'as kid coal miners and know
what it means to swing a pick deep in rat-infest-
Hannah, who was secretary of the Ohio State
Federation (AFL) and a political radio person-
ality before he was appointed, went into the west-
ern Pennsylvania mines at 13. He learned about
unions from his father, alongside whom he work-
ed on the coal veins.
The CIO's choice for an Assistant Secretary's
post was "Johnny" Gibson, who left the mines
and headed for Michigan, where he was active
in the auto union and among the milk wagon
drivers. Much of his time was spent on the
picket lines. When Schwellenbach appointed him
he was Michigan State CIO Council President.
The third bright "lad," Assistant Secretary
David Morse, an attorney, has always reminded
me of Frederic March playing Major Joppolo in
"A Bell for Adano." As a lieutenant colonel he
set labor policy for Sicily, Italy and all of oc-
cupied Germany. He helped dissolve Mussolini's
Corporative Syndical System and Hitler's Labor
Front. His job now is to direct the Labor De-
partment's foreign activities.
Watch these three men. They're going to make
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
.. .A. .
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Among the readjustments incident
to the end of the war is a largely
permanent increase in the earning
responsibilities placed on the women
of American families. The war has
directly affected women members of
the families with deceased or dis-
abled veterans. By June, 1945 over
50.000 widows of veterans of World
War II were receiving death pensions.
To maintain an adequate standard of
living many of these women may need
to work to supplement their other
income. Disability pensions were be-
ing paid out by June to more than
half a million disabled veterans,
many of whom have wives and fami-
lies they may be unable to support
unaided, or may not be able to sup-
port at all. War casualties will also
have indirect effects. The death or
disability of hundreds of thousands
of young men in the age groups in
which they normally marry and un-
dertake family responsibilities will
result in many more young women
remaining unmarried than otherwise
would have done so. These women,
i4 line with present custom, will usu-
ally be responsible for self-support,
and in some cases for the support of
of others as well.
Figures issued by the War and
Navy departments at the time Japan
surrendered 'showed a total of over
250,000 members of the armed forces
killed and over 650,000 wounded.
Death accounted for over a fifth of
the more than a million casualties.
Effects of War Casualties on Eco-
nomic Responsibilities of Women
-Monthly Labor Review
Publication in The Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of- the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the office of the Summer Ses-
sion, Room 1213 Angel Hall by 3:30 p.m.
on the day preceding publication (11:00
SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 348
The Motion Picture Project of the
Library of Congress has openings for
students who have received special
training in motion picture program
or graduate students now receiving
special training. For information con-
cerning the positions open and for
further details, call at the Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Students having lockers at the In-
tramural Sports Building should va-
cate lockers and apply for refunds
prior to August24.The building will
be closed during the period August
Graduate Student Council will meet
at the Rackham Building, Monday,
August 19 at 7:30 p.m. It is request-
ed that all members be present.
Michigan Christian Fellowship: The
last meeting of the Summer Session
will be held at 4:30 p.m. Sunday,
Aug. 18, in Lane Hall. Norman Schot-
tin will present a review of Dr.
Arndt's book, "Bible Difficulties." Dr.
Roy D. Aldrich of the Detroit Bible
Institute will bring the message.
The Cities Service Refining Cor-
poration. at Lake Charles, Louisiana,
has openings for chemists and chem-
ical engineers. All employees re-
ceive a training in the rudiments of
petroleum technology before being
assigned to work in the more techni-
cal section of the laboratory. For
further information, call at the Bur-
eau of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
United States Civil Service An-
nouncement has been received in this
office for Chemist, P-1, $2,644 per
annum. No experience required.
Bachelor of Science in chemistry is
sufficient. Closing date is Septem-
ber 4, 1946. For further information
call at the Bureau of Appointments,
201 Mason Hall.
State of Michigan Civil Service An-
nouncements have been received in
this office for:
1. Claims Adjuster 1, $200-$240
2. Building and Ground Mainten-
ance Foreman A, $195-$215.
3 and 4. Building and Grounds
Maintenance Superintendent I and II,
5. Industrial Health Engineer III,
6 and 7. Hearings Reporter I and
8. Youth Guidance Field Repre-
sentative III, $300-$360.
9. Highway Materials and Equip-
ment Buyer I, $380-$440.
10-14. Accountants I-V, $200-$565.
Closing date is September 4.
For further information, call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Speech Correction Demonstration.
H. Harlan Bloomer, staff, and stu-
dents of Speech Clinic. Sturday,
Aug. 17, 10:00 to 11:00 a.m., Rack-
Demonstration Debate on National
High School Question. Saturday, Aug.
17, 11:00 a.m. to 12:00, Rackham
Lecture by Y. R. Chao, Professor,
on Monday, Aug. 19 from 10:00 to
12:00 in Rm. 2016 Angell Hall. It will
be given under the auspices of the
Linguistic Institute. He Will speak on
special topics in Chinese Grammar.
Panel Discussion on Monday, Aug.
19 at 4:05 p.m. in the University
High School Auditorium. Selected
students enrolled in Education B195
ks will take part. The public is in-
vited to attend.
Y. R. Chao, Professor, will also give
a lecture on Monday, Aug. 19 from
8:00 to 10:00 p.m. in Rm. 2016 Angell
Hall. It is also given under the aus-
pices of the Linguistic Institute. He
will speak on Translation of Gram-
matical Categories from English into
Chinese. The public is cordially in-
vited to attend these lectures.
Lecture by Warren R. Good, In-
structor in Educational Psychology on
Tuesday, Aug. 20 at 4:05 p.m. in the
University High School Auditorium.
The topic will be "The Curriculum
and the Individual Student."
Lecture. "Interpreting the News."
Preston W. Slosson, Professor of His-
tory, auspices of the Summer Ses-
sion, Tuesday, Aug. 20, 4:10 p.m.,
Notice to students in the Summer
Session regarding Library books:
1. Students who have in their pos-
session books drawn from the-General
Library and its branches are notified
that such books are due Wednesday,
2. The names of all students who
have not cleared their records at
the Library by Friday, Aug. 23, will
be sent to the Recorder's Office. The
credits of these students will be held
up until their records are cleared, in
compliance with regulations estab-
lished by the Regents,
Library Hours after the Summer
Session. The General Library will be
closed Aug. 26-Sept. 2 while repairs
are in progress. Sept. 3-Sept. 21 it
will be open daily 8 a.m. to 6 p.m.
(Closed evenings.) The Medical Lib-
rary will be open the same hours but
the Basement Study Hall, the First
Floor Study Hall, and the Graduate
Reading Rooms will be closed. There
will be no services on Sundays until
The Divisional Libraries will be
closed Aug. 24-Sept. 18 with the
exception of Engineering, ast Engi-
,neering, Forestry, Hospital, and Phy-
sics which will be open on shortened
schedules. Information as to hours
will be posted on the doors or may be
obtained by calling University exten-
sion 653. Requests"for materials from
the closed libraries will be taken care
of at the Circulation Desk in the
Make-up final examinations for
Park, 202 Ec
Robertson, 3116 NS
Cox, 2003 NS
Everett, 4054 NS
Fletcher, ,206 SW
Fogle, 4014 NS
Huntley, 2003 NS
King, 4082 NS
Muehl, 102 Ec
Shedd 104 Ec
Examinations for University Credit:
All students who desire credit for
work done in the summer session will
be required to take examinations at
the close of the session. The ex-
amination schedule for the school
and colleges on the eight-week basis
is as follows:
Recitation 8:00 a.m.-Exam Thurs-
day, 8:00-10:00 a.m.
Recitation 9:00 a.m.-Exam Fri-
dayf 8:00-10:00 a.m.
Recitation 10:00a.m.-Exam on
Thursday, 2:00-4:00 p.m.
Recitation 11:00 a.m.-Exam Fri-
day, 2:00-4:00 p.m.
Recitation 1:00 p.m.-Exam Thurs,+
day, 4:00-6:00 p.m.
Recitation 2:00 p.m.-Exam Thurs-
day, 10:06-12:00 a.m.
Recitation 3:00 p.m.-Exam Fri-
day, 10:00-12:00 a.m.
Recitations at all other hours-
Friday, 4:00-6:00 p.m.
Any deviation from the above
schedule may be made only by mutual
agreement between student and in-
structor, and with the approval of
the Examination Schedule Commit-
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
a recital Sunday afternoon, Aug. 18
at 3 p.m. on the Charles Baird Caril-
lon in Burton Memorial Tower. His
program will include the following
selections: Andante for Surprise by
Haydn, .Quartet from Figaro by Mo-
zart, Anitra's dance by Grieg and a
group of sacred airs.
University of Michigan Summer
Session Chorus: Mary Muldowney
will conduct the University Summer
Session Chorus when it presents its
only recital for this season on Sun-
day, Aug. 18 at 8:30 p.m. Lynne
Palmer, harpist, and Kenneth Pool,
organist will be the soloists. Includ-
ed in the program will be selections
by Palestrina, Willan, Pescetti, Sal-
zedo, Canning, and Holtz. The Negro
spiritual "Gonna Journey Away" will
be sung under the direction of the
composer, Noah Ryder.
The public is cordially invied.
Student Recital: The String Quar-
tet Class will present a recital Mon-
day afternoon at 4:15 in Rackham
Assembly Hall. The program will in-
clude Quartet in D minor by Haydn,
Quartet in B flat major Op. 168 by
Schubert, Quartet in F major by
Ravel, and Quartet in D major Op. 18
No. 3 Eby Beethoven.
The public is cordially invited.
Faculty Recital: On Monday eve-
ning, Aug. 19, in Rackham Lecture
Hall at 8:30 Lee Pattison, pianist, will
present his seventh program, in the
current series of lecture recitals. Mr.
Pattison's program will include Pre-
lude, Menuet, Allegro by Purcell, Two
Fantasies by Teleman, Gigue by
Loeilly, and Dance Movements from
the Suites, Prelude and Fugues from
the Well-Tempered Clavichord and
Chromatic Fantasie and Fugue by
r< Cep,. 146 by United FOAM" 5yndi ..
Tm. Reg. U. $. Pet. Off.-Ail right*s ,.,,,,d
"He's from some Washington committee. He's been tipped off that
the town is full of Reds."
it was a rump session, m'boy.
Hastily assembled. But united
in purpose. We, er, voted to
The Mayor has also been
-informed of our action.
By telegram ... Which I
Telegrams, Mr. Mayor. From
every organization in town.
Supporting Baxter's protest
By Crockett Johnson
On our side, the Elves, '
Leprechauns, Gnomes andj
Little Men's Chowder