THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Ohio Students Sketch in Pitch Dark
Professor Uses Revolutionary
Method To Achieve Art Unity
Artists Draw Subjects From Memory;
'Phony Mystery of Art Is Destroyed'
By The Associated Press
COLUMBUS, O., July 21-Art students at Ohio State University, at-
tempting to acquire the technique of the old masters, are sketching figures
and landscapes in pitch darkness.t
"Learning to see and draw with perceptual unity" is Prof. Hoyt I. Sher-
man's explanation for his revolutionary method of teaching. His idea is
that, by blacking out the classroom, the students won't be hamstrung
mentally by a mass of confusing details and can regard their subjects as a
whole. The pupils must draw from '
memory; they can't see even the chalk
and' paper they use.
By this step, Sherman says, "I
think I've destroyed some of the
phony mystery about art."
Since he started his first experi-
mental class in 1943 he has taught
2,500 students, many of whom nev-
er had sketched before. He's just
been awarded the University's
Howald Scholarship which will en-
able him to devote the coming
year to research in his theory.
Professor Sherman says "there isl
a way of seeing peculiar to the rec-
ognized masters." While studying in
Europe, he noted that all great ar-
tists had a common way of seeing-
they saw the whole field, not a part
of it. Artists call it "organic unity."
Sheman brought home photographs
of old masters' works for study. He
set up an art laboratory on the Ohio
State campus and began with 15 men
students who had no drawing experi-
ence. They had 22 class sessions of
15 minutes each.
When the students entered the
studio, all lights were turned off
except one dim red light. They first
relaxed by listening to recorded
music. Then each placed himself at
a drawing board, paper and chalk
Next, the studio was darkened
totally, and a slide was projected
upon a screen momentarily. There-
upon each student, in total dark-
ness, had to reproduce on his draw-
ing pad what he had been.
,'They see the model but once, see
it in a flash and see nothing else
until they finish drawing," Sherman
The first models flashed on the'
screen alre simple blurs, black smud-
ges easy to draw from memory. Thesej
are intended to teach positional re-
Size, brightness and color come
later as functions of position.
The students are coached to work
rapidly and rhythmically, and they
stand to get a free-swinging motion'
"because perception of form is a
sensory experience," the Professor
In succeeding lessons the models
become more complex until the stu-
dents are drawing human figures and
Sherman says that a student is
sketching well long before he has
completed the 22 classes in the
blacked-out studio. After the 22
periods are completed, the students
work outdoors or in a normally-
Black-haired and stocky, enthu-
siastic in speech, Sherman describes
Note Downward Trend in
Detroit Interracial Strife
DETROIT, July 21-(AP)-A "mark-
ed downward trend" in interracial in-
cidents here this surpmer was report-
ed today by the Detroit Interracial
The report stated there were many
evidences that relations between ra-
cial groups were "somewhat better
than they have been
Art Cinema League To Show
Three Surrealistic Film Shorts
himself as "essentially a painter,"
and has no regard, for conventional
theories about art.
He is a defender of the humble
folk who say "I don't know anything
about art, but I know what I like."
It is Sherman's belief that art is en-
joyed by the senses, not by mental
gymnastics on the part of highbrows.
"There's no talk about art in these
classes," he says. "Art deals primar-
ily with sensory activity. It's not an
Sherman contends that anyone can
learn to draw by his method.
He says his theory is applicable to
teaching in other fields such as op-
tometry, education, aviation, archi-
tecture, music, surgery, athletics, and
dentistry. His course is a require-
ment for Ohio State dentistry stu-
A University alumna who served
as a member of the Philippine under-
ground has sent a collection of sou-
venirs of the Japanese occupation,
Dr. F. Clever Bald, War Historian,
Winifred O'Connor Pablo received
her A. B. degree here in 1921 and her
M. A. two years later. She was an
assistant professor of English at the
University of the Philippines until
the Japanese took over, when she
joined the underground resistance.
Among the articles of the collec-
tion are copies of the Manila Trib-
une, a collaborationist newspaper.
There are also posters representing
the Japanese as "liberators," a prop-
aganda pamphlet on "The New Or-
der" and a copy of an address to the
Filipino people by the Commander in
Chief of the Japanese Expeditionary
Forces to the Philippines.
All this material pictures the Jap-
anese as liberators and lays the blame
for destruction by bombing on the
Mrs. Pablo has also included an
The Art Cinema League will pre-
sent a private showing of three sur-
realistic films at 8:30 p. m. EWT
(7:30 p. m. CWT) Thursday in the
The shorts, produced by Maya Der-
en and Alexander Hackenschmied of
Payro To Talk
Prof. Julio Payro, visiting professor
in the fine arts department from
Buenos Aires will speak on the fa-
mous French painter, "Paul Gaug-
uin" at a meeting of the French
Club at 8 p. m. EWT (7 p. m. CWT)
Thursday in Alumni Memorial Hall.
Prof. Payro will illustrate his talk
A social hour in the grill room of
the Michigan League will follow the
WASHINGTON, July 21 -(I)--
Secretary of the Interior Ickes said
today the first complete train carry-
ing Japanese Americans home to
California will leave the Rohwer (Ar-
kansas) Relocation Center next
Hollywood, are entitled "Meshes of
the Afternoon," "An Experimenta-
tion in Choreography," and "On
The movies are a new approach to
cinematographic creation and art
form. They are symbolic and their
interpretation is an individual mat-
ter. The first and third films are
dream sequences; the second is a
two minute dance solo.
Although this showing is on an
invitational basis, a limited number
of invitations have been left open to
the public. Those interested in sur-
realistic art, new techniques of pho-
tography, and movie production
should call Herbert Otto, Art Cinema
League manager, between 12 noon
and 1 p. m. EWT (11 a. m. and noon
CWT) today through Wednesday at
22218 for admittance.
To Have Joint Meeting
The Congregational Disciples Guild
will hold a joint meeting with the
Methodist Guild at 4:30 p. m. EWT
(3:30 p. m. CWT) today at Riverside
There will be a picnic, and recrea-
tional games. A Vesper service will
1- J'u, a e4-~
" on lips and
over the land!
er to harmonize too!
C o .
EDUCATION SCHOOL NEWS
ki's eDynA mauee
Natl namela nd Ad
The Sixteenth Annual Summer
Education Conference of the School
of Education will open tomorrow and
continue through Friday.
The theme of the conference will
be "Paths to Better Schools." Major
themes will be stressed on each of
the different conference days. The
major topic for the lectures and
roundtables tomorrow will be:
"Strengthening the Teaching Profes-
sion;" "Elementary Education" will
be Tuesday's topic; "Structural Re-
organization of Education," Wednes-
day; "The Mental Hygiene Needs of
Pupil;," Thursday; "The Education-
al Needs of the Armed Forces," Fri-
During the week there will be ten
major lectures given by members of
the University staff. These will be
given at 11 a. m. EWT (10 a. m.
CWT) and at 2 p. m. EWT (1 p. m.
CWT) in the University High School
Also to be held are 12 roundtables
on important issues in elementary
education at 9 a. m. EWT (8 p. m.
CWT) every day of, the Conference
week. Other roundtables affording
an opportunity for participants to
ask questions and exchange opin-
ions will be held at 3 p. m. EWT (2
p. m. CWT).
An extensive exhibit of textbooks
and other instructional material will
be provided by Michigan representa-
tives of publishing companies. The
exhibits, 52 in all, will include many
books in newer fields of instruction.
The Men's Education Club will meet
Monday evening and will devote its
program to the topic "Trends in the
Preparation of Textbooks." At the
To Be Club's Topic
"Trends in the Preparation of
Textbooks" is the topic for the Men's
Education Club meeting to be held
at 7:15 p. m. EWT (6:15 p. m. CWT)
tomorrow in Rm. 316 of the Michi-
L. S. Gray will discuss elementary
school books; Carl S. Sorenson, jun-
ior high books; and Judson C. Ben-
nett, senior high books.
Chairman of the meeting will be
E. D. Wagner, Superintendent of
Schools at Charlevoix and president
of the Men's Education Club. The
discussion will be led by S. P. Cush-
man, Superintendent of Schools at
meeting a special exhibit of children's
books will be provided by Miss Edith
Thomas, director of the University
Library Extension Service.
All Conference meetings will be
held in the University High School
where the exhibits will also. be found.
The Conference is a part of the in-
structional program of the summer
session and students will be actively
involved in many of the programs.
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