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VOL. LV, No. 10-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 14, 1945
PRICE FIVE OENTS
Claims Charter Ratification Will Allow
U. S. to Slash Army to Half Million
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 14-- Postwar
reduction of the Army's strength to
a half million men was forecast today
by Senator Gurney (R-S.D.) in view
of the Senate's expected ratification
of the United Nations Charter.
The South Dakota Senator, a mem-
ber of the Military Affairs Commit-
Army of Occupation
May.Talk to Germans
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 14-The non-fra-
ternization policy was relaxed today
to allow American, British and Cana-
dian occupation troops in Germany
and Austria to talk with grownups
in the streets and in public places.
Up to now, they could speak only to
children. The penalty for violation
was a $65 fine.
Almost identical statements by
Gen. Eisenhower and Field Marshal
Montgomery disclosed the policy
change, which had been debated on
the highest levels in the past month
by American and British leaders.
Ban Widely Flouted
The action came as Gen. Eisen-
hower's headquarters announced that
50,000 persons had been arrested in
two months in Germany in a de-
Nazification program by United
States Army Security Forces oper-
ating in the American occupation
zone. The announcement said the
arrests were continuing at the rate
of 700 daily.
Even before the fraternization ban
was officially modified, American
troops were smiling and holding
hands with frauleins in the cafes of
Berlin, where Russian rules control.
The Russians never had any regula-
tion against talking with Germans.
No Dates for Frauleins
The new rules, however, do not say
soldiers can date frauleins.
One British senior staff officer,
agreeing that the wording of the
announcement seemed to give a wide
range for discretion, said he would
interpret the orders to mean that
soldiers could not walk arm in arm
with frauleins, orttake them to public
places to drink beer. If they were
sitting in a cafe with a fraulein, he
said, it would be hard to prove who
brought the beer.
Gen. Mark Clark, saying the modi-
fication order by Eisenhower applied
to United States troops in Austria,
disclosed that he was studying possi-
ble further relaxation of the rules
there, where the Allied objective is to
help Austria become an independent
Posts Are Open
Student vacancies on the Union
Board of Directors and the Engineer-
ing Council will be filled in a cam-
pus election Friday, July 27.
Candidates must file a petition
containing 25signatures by noon
Thursday in the Student Offices of
the' Union. Petition forms may be
obtained there between 3 and 5 p.m.
Vice-presidents for the Union
Board will be chosen from the liter-
ary, engineering and combined
schools, while thererare two vacan-
cies on the Engineering Council.
Tomorrow Rev. Claude Williams
will speak on the topic
"What Can the Churches
Do About Racial Dis-
crimination?' at a meet-
ing of the Interacial As-
sociation at 7:30 p. m.
EWT (6:30 p. m. CWT)
in the Union.
Tomorrow Prof. Mischa Titiev of
the anthropology depart-
ment will discuss "Nation-
alities in the Soviet Un-
ion" at a meeting of the
Russky Kruzhok at 8:15
p. m. EWT (7:15 p. m.
CWT) at the Interna-
tee, told a reporter he believes a
regular force of that size will be
ample to supply the men needed for
this country's share of police work
under the new international organi-
zation and to garrison the far-flung
outposts the United States may re-
tain in the Pacific.
Gurney's estimate came in the
midst of discussion by charter sup-
porters of when a decision shall be
made on the number of men, planes,
tanks, guns and other equipment the
nation shall assign for peace-keeping
operations under the proposed World
Chairman Connally (D-Tex.) of
the Foreign Relations Committee has
said that the issue should be settled
in separate legislation and has asked
the State Department to assist in
preparing a measure of this kind.
He has opposed any charter reserva-
tion of this nature and there was
doubt any would be offered formally,
although Senator Bushfield (R-S.D.)
is attempting to draft some.
Subsequently, Connally told a news
conference he did not believe Con-
gress would attempt to define the
authority of the American delegate
on the Security Council until the
international organization actually
comes into being.
He voiced the opinion that the
Senate will ratify the charter after
not more than 10 days of debate add-
"There won't be more than six
votes against it in the Senate."
Connally disclosed that Senator
Hiram Johnson (D-Calif.) would be
recorded as against approving the
charter, and Senator Murray (D-
Mont.) as for, with Senator Ship-
stead (R,-Minn.) not recorded.
Johnson was among those who op-
posed American participation in the
League of Nations after the last war.
The committee vote on the Charter
now stands at 21 for, 1 against.
The committee will meet Monday
afternoon to go over its formal re-
port. With the Senate scheduled to
consider the Bretton Woods mone-
tary agreement, members will have a
week in which to study the report
and the 50-nation agreement before
ratification opens debate.
Gets No Reply
BRUSSELS, July 14-(/P)-Premier
Achille Van Acker returned tonight
from King Leopold's mountain re-
treat at St. Wolfgang, Austria, and
announced that the monarch had
reached no decision on demands that
(The Brussels radio said the Senate
was summoned into special session
immediately after Van Acker's ar-
However, Van Acker said, there are
hopes that Leopold will have an an-
Closes in Failure
SIMLA, India, July 14-(M)-
Viceroy Lord Wavell's conference
to establish a more representative
government for India adjourned
in failure today and Wavell said
he did not intend to try again
soon to solve the Indian problem.
Wavell said in a closing address
to the 21 Indian conferees that
his principal tasks were prosecu-
tion of the Japanese war and lay-
ing the administrative ground-
work for postwar developments
and that both efforts required a
stable government. Stability, he
said, could not be preserved if con-
tinuing political discussions pro-
duced a feeling of insecurity
among government servants.
To Direct Air War
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 14-Rear
Admiral Frederick C. Sherman, nat-
ive of Port Huron, Mich., was named
to command of the First Carrier
Task Force today as the Navy shifted
commands in its air arm in apparent
preparation for showdown phases of
the war against Japan.
Sherman, now commander of a
carrier division, succeeds Vice-Ad-
miral Marc A. Mitscher who re-
turns to Washington as Deputy
Chief of Naval Operations for air.
With Admiral William F. Halsey,
Mitscher developed the present fast
carrier task force which wields a
flexible fleet of 1,500 planes.
Secretary Forrestal disclosed the
command changes, which are expect-
ed to result in elevation to vice-ad-
miral for Sherman, and the rank of
a full admiral for Mitscher.
In addition to the Sherman-Mit-
scher shift, Forrestal said Vice Ad-
miral John H. Towers, now Deputy
Commanderein Chief of the Pacific
Fleet, has been named to succeed
Vice Admiral John S. McCain,rCom-
mander of the Second Task Force.
Rear Admiral Sherman, one of
the Navy's toughest and ablest fly-
ing admirals, was skipper of the
Carrier Lexington when she was
lost in the Coral Sea May 8, 1942.
He has seen the Naval air war
through from the start and has
been in command of a carrier task
groupwithin the fast carrier task
force since last August.
He is the holder of the Disting-
uished Service Medal, and the Navy
Cross with gold stars in lieu of sec-
ond and third Navy Crosses. His
first Navy cross was won in World
War I when he served as commanding
officer of a submarine. His other
awards resulted from his service
with carrier groups in the Pacific in
the present war.
Must Obtain Approval
Of Big Three Parley
PRAGUE, July 14-President Ed-
uard Benes said today that Czecho-
slovakia could begin removing its
unreliable German and Hungarian
residents within a few weeks if the
Big Three approve at Potsdam.
Nothing less than the transfer of
two to two and one-half million'Ger-
mans and about 400,000 Hungarians
can assure the nation a reasonably
secure future, Benes said in an ex-
Czechslovakia, he added, is deter-
mined never again to try unworkable
compromises with German minori-
ties as it did in 1939, when the Ger-
mans showed their allegiance lay
across the border.
Russia from the start was sympa-
thetic toward the transfer plan. Ap-
proval of the western powers was
regarded as equally necessary be-
cause their occupation forces within
Germany would be obliged to make
room. for Germans moved in great
masses back to the Reich.
Benes said there were three essen-
tial points to the plan, which amounts
to a proposal for a major population
shift in Central Europe. They are,
first, that it be accomplished with
Big Three understanding and ap-
proval; second, that it be well-or-
ganized and carried out with the
least possible friction; third, that
the whole program be conducted as
humanely as possible.
Sup er-Battleships Blast At Japan;
Hit Enemy in Close Range Attack;
War Industries Impeded by aid
.ew Units Participate,
'Adrn. Nimitz Announces
PFC. WALLACE I. HAMILTON (above) of Garrison, N. Y., works on
an air hose at the Santa Fe Railway shops in Chicago. He was fur-
loughed by the Army to help meet railroad's manpower needs.
LOSES FOUR LIMBS
Percy Jones Soldiers Admire
Wife for Devotion to Husband
By The Associated Press
GUAM, Sunday, July 15-Some of the most powerful, newest super-
battleships of the Pacific Fleet today opened fire in the close-in blasting
of Muroran, southern Hokkaido, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz announced today.
Included were the huge, heavily-armed superships Iowa, Missouri and
Wisconsin, the communique said.
The target city is located in the center of Hokkaido's wide-mouthed
bay, virtually flanked on both sides--
by the enemy coast.WA . TA L NC
Daring Bombardment WAR AT A GLANCE
Steel works and other industrial
plants were hammered by the dar- BORNEO-Australian amphibious
ing bombardment, the communique force seized Japanese seaplane base
related. on Balikpapan Bay in 14-mile ad-
The audaciously close strike fol- vance; Balikpapan Harbor in use by
lowed by a day the battering of Kam- Allied ships.
aishi's steel mills on northern Hon- PHILIPPINES - Americans and
shu, while carrier planes ranged guerrillas captured three Northern
again for the second day over both Luzon towns in mopping up against
Honshu and Hokkaido. still strongly-resisting Japanese.
Damages Listed CHINA-Chinese gained ground on
At least 39 Japanese ships and 87 road to Kweilin and hint they are
enemy planes were destroyed or dam- attacking in French Indo-China. Gen.
aged, 27 locomotives destroyed and a Chennault resigned as chief of 14th
steel works set afire in yesterday's Air Force and will quit Army.
actions. AERIAL - American Blockade
Fires started by yesterday's shell- planes continued striking Formosa
ing of the steel city of Kamaishi, 275 and China coast. Okinawa-based
miles north of Tokyo, raged on to- tactical planes hit Kyushu and Ryu-
day and spread to the harbor. kyus group as their bag of enemy
Operations Continue planes from April 7 to July 13 placed
A communique from Adm. Chester at 625 destroyed.
W. Nimitz .said that today "opera-
tions are continuing in strength
with "heavy surface units and fleet
tied at dawn as is customary, but the V.
implication was made plain to cor
respondents at this headquarters M onday ]V ight
that announcement of the battle-
ships, cruisers and destroyers again
being in action was made before the Racial Discrimination
ships actually started something. To Be Lecture
Thus, for the first time, the Amer-
ican command was telling the Japa-
nese what it planned to do and al- Racial Discrimination?" will be the
most precisely when, in an amazing topic of a lecture by Rev. Claude Wil-
challenge to the enemy to do some- liams before a meeting of the Inter-
thing about it if he could.
While only general locations were Racial Association at 7:30 p. m. EWT
indicated, a more specific communi- (6:30 p. m. CWT) Monday at the
que was expected later in the day. Michigan Union.
Preliminary and incomplete reports Rev. Williams received his theologi-
showed that despite bad weather yes- cal training in Berea and served in
terday's carrier strikes destroyed 24 the Presbyterian pulpit in Memphis,
grounded Japanese planes and dam- Tenn., and Paris, Arkansas. He was
aged 62, sank 15 ships - including president of Commonwealth College
two railroad ferries and a destroyer- and active in the"organization of the
and damaged 24 other ships, includ- Sharecropper's Union.
ing a train ferry and 10 medium Directs Peoples' Institute
tankers or cargo ships. Not only is Rev. Williams director
"No opposition to our forces was of the People's Institute of lied
reported," Admiral Nimitz said. oApe
Yesterday's surface bombardment Religion, but also an organizer of
of Japan-first of the war-continued the Church and Labor Fellowship,
unhindered almost within rifle shot an interdenominational group, which
of shore for two hours, blasting and is working towards establishing a bet-
firing Kamaishi's great steel mills. ter understanding between the
fssChurch and labor.
1. The life of Rev. Williams has been
U .t ooses written by Cedric Belfrage and re-
By KATHRYN UNPHREY
BATTLE CREEK, Mich., July 14-
(P)-Soldiers at Percy Jones Hospital
have become accustomed in the last
few days to seeing a pretty, dark-
haired girl with a quick smile and a
Southern accent, sitting in the cor-
ridor of their ward.
When she isn't there, they know
she can be found with her husband,
Master Sgt. Fredrick Hensel, the first
soldier to lose parts of. all four limbs
in battle in this war.
Wins Soldiers' Admiration
She is Jewell Hensel, attractive girl
from the Kentucky hills, who in less
than a week has won the admiration
of every soldier and patient at the
hospital with her sincere straight-
forward attitude and her obvious af-
fection for her husband.
These soldiers know how import-
ant a wife's attitude can be in a
wounded soldier's recovery - they
know that Sgt. Hensel will get well
faster because of her.
Working It Out Together
Typical of many patients' wives,
she wants only to be near her hus-
band as much as possible. They have
had a bit of tough luck, she reasons
simply, and they are working it out
together: That is her attitude and
she sees nothing unusual about it-
anybody would feel the same, she is
"I don't believe any wives would
feel any different," she said in her
WASHINGTON, July 14-()-The
War Department said today it had no
detailed knowledge of the reason for
Maj. Claire L. Chennault's resigna-
tion as commander of the 14th Air-
force and retirement from the army
but added that:
"It is well known that Gen. Chen-
nault has been operating for a num-
ber of years in China under the most
difficult of circumstances."
slow voice. "I don't see why they
should. They are the same men who
went away-inside they haven't
changed a bit.
"You marry for better or worse,
don't you? And when you have
trouble, you have it together."
It was on June 2, after he had been
overseas since March, 1944, that Hen-
sel stepped on an anti-tank mine on
To Be Given
Joyce Siegan will conduct an in-
terview of students from India, China
and the Philippine Islands during the
regular International Center program
at 2:45 p. m. EWT (1:45 p. m. CWT)
over station WKAR, East Lansing.
The University broadcasting ser-
vice announced that student-written
and student-directed plays will be
presented over WKAR this week. The
program is under the general direc-
tion of Prof. David Owen of the
speech department. "Detour" by
Claire Meisels will be given at 4:30
p. m. EWT (3:30 p. m. CWT) on
Tuesday and Friday at the same time,
Mavis Kennedy's "Cab 22, Report-
ing" will be aired.
"The Autobiography of Ray Stan-
nard Baker" will be the topic for dis-
cussion by Prof. Carlton F. Wells of
the English department at 2:15 p. m.
EWT (1:15 p. m. CWT) on Tuesday
over local station WPAG.
He will be followed at 2:30 p. m.
EWT (1:30 p. m. CWT) by Prof. Amos
J. Hawley of the sociology depart-
ment. Prof. Hawley will conduct an
interview of several personalities, at-
tempting to find solutions to "Prob-
lems of Employment in the Detroit
"Bouquet of the Day," an early
morning program on Ann Arbor's new
radio station WPAG, presented the
"Bouquet of the day" last Friday to
the Michigan Repertory Players for
Group Of ficica s
WASHINGTON, July 14-(/P)-The
United States virtually completed to-
day the selection of key officials to
operate the American Group Con-
trol Council in Germany.
The War Department announced
the appointment of three more di-
vision directors and three other offi-
cials, leaving only the post of Finance
Director to be filled in the organiza-
tion headed by Gen. Eisenhower and
his deputy, Lt. Gen. Lucius Clay.
Barker Directs Army Division
Maj. Gen. Ray W. Barker of Roch-
ester, N.Y., was appointed Director of
the Army (Ground) Division which is
responsible for demilitarization of
German ground forces and for the
surrender and disposal of war mate-
rial and installations. Barker has
been Assistant Chief of Staff at Su-
preme Headquarters of the Allied
Brig. Gen. Frank J. McSherry of
Washington, was named head of the
Manpower Division which is respon-
sible to Clay on affairs regarding
labor allocation, employment, work-
ing conditions, housing and social
insurance. McSherry served with the
15th Army Group and was a civil
affairs officer in Sicily.
Jefferson Heads Reparations
Col. Leslie W. Jefferson of Red-
cently published under the title "A
Faith to Free the People." It is an
expansion of the earlier works "South
of God," published in this country
and "Let My People Go," published
Second of IRA Lectures
This is the second in a series of
lectures sponsored by the Inter-Ra-
cial Association, which has been act-
ive in promoting activities and meas-
ures inducive to the realization of
"Labor and Racial Policy" is the
topic of a lecture to be given by
Frank Marquard, educational direct-
or of a local Detroit CIO union on
July 23 at the Michigan Union.
To Start Tuesday
The faculty of the School of Mu-
sic will offer the first in a series of
five chamber concerts at 8:30 p. m.
EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT) Tuesday, in
the Pattengill Auditorium of Ann
Arbor High School.
Appearing will be Miss Louise Rood,
who will play the viola, Prof. Gilbert
Ross and Mrs. Marian Freeman, vio-
linists, and Robert Swenson, cellist.
Prof. Joseph Brinkman will be at
the piano and Albert Luconi will be
ga E y arr_
Male Animal' To Open Wednesday
"The Male Animal," the Michi-
gan Repertory Players' second pro-
duction of the season will open Wed-
nesday through Saturday in the Lydia
Heading the cast will be Mary Jor-
dan and Don Mullin as Ellen and
Tommy Turner. The nlace of action
Monroe Lippman, head of the De-
partment of Speech and Dramatic
Arts at Tulane University, who has
joined the University's speech de-
partment as a guest director of the
Players for the summer session.
"The Male Animal" is a combina-
tion of the talents of James Thurber
and Elliott Nugent. With a college
Male Animal," Thurber's first chance
at comedy playwriting, presents his
philosophy in action.
Urged by Elliott Nugent, Broadwayj
actor, writer, and director, to colla-
borate in writing the college comedy,
"The Male Animal" was brought to
Broadway early in 1940 with Mr.
Nugent in the leading role. It was