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August 24, 1945 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1945-08-24

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See Page 3



Hopwood Award,
Winners Named
Kathleen H. Thumin, Bernice Slote
Win First Prizes in Summer Contests

U.S. Seizes Illinois Central Railroad











Campus literary talent was reward-
ed yesterday when prizes for the an-
nual summer Avery and Jule Hop-
wood Contests were announced.
Winners in the poetry division were
650 Foreign
Students Are
Expected in Fall
Figure Shows Great
Enrollment Increase
From 650 to 1,000 foreign students
representing 52 countries may be en-
rolled in the University in the fall
term, according to Dr. Eason M. Gale,
director of the International Center.
This will represent a 200 to 300 per-
cent increase over the number at-
tending the University in the last
peace time year and, if 1,000 students
enroll here this fall, they will com-
prise 10 percent of the student body.
We now have the principal foreign
student body in the country.
The reasons Gale gave for the in-
definiteness of the number to enroll
are two: (1) the Indian government
is planning to ship a large block of-
students to the United States, many
of whom are probably destined for
the University; and (2) the Chinese
government has cancelled all restric-
tions on students to be sent from
their country. During the war the
University has accepted many Chi-
nese students who were unable to
come during that time and who may
suddenly come as a group this fall.
OPA Assigns
1942 Price
ceilings Again
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23 -(P)-
OPA today assigned 1942 price ceil-
ings for new washing machines, iron-
ers and aluminum kitchenware and
it stated flatly that most other con-
sumer goods will come back on the
market at or near these ceilings.
"We have our teeth set in the cost
of living and we are going to hang
on like a Boston bull pup until our
services as inflationary watchdog are
no longer necessary," Price Admini-
strator Chester Bowles said in a
statement at a news conference.
Bowles denied published reports
from Detroit that auto manufactur-
ers havebeen given increases up to
14 per cent over 1942 ceilings.
He declined to discuss whether any
increases had been authorized for
the auto makers, saying the OPA
program on this would be announced
early next week. He indicated that
any increases allowed might be based
on 1941 prices.
The OPA chief also declined to
answer a question whether dealers
would be required to absorb any in-
crease granted to manufacturers, in
order to prevent a rise at retail.
Bowles also announced that new
small businesses, ranging from plas-
tics and electronics down to better'.
mousetraps, will "get their prices
fast" under a new order allowing
them to set their own ceilings in line
with prices for a comparable product.
Housing Expert
Outlines Needs
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23-(P)--The
government's top housing expert said
today the greatest need is a home for
the man whose pocketbook can stand
only $20 to $40 a month.
John B. Blandford, Jr., national
housing agency administrator, thinks
private enterprise will provide homes
for the $40-plus class and the gov-
ernment low-rent program will take

care of the. $20-minus class.
But Blandford, who supervised the
war housing program, said in an in-
"The big gap is the market between
$20 and $40, or thereabout."
Friday Doc Fielding will furnish
the entertainment for the
Jordan Hall open house

Bernice Slote of Norfolk, Neb., who
got the first prize of $75.00 and Ferne
Spielman of New York City who was
awarded $50.00. Miss Slote also won
an award in poetry in last summer's
Wins Essay Award
Kathleen Hughes Thumin of De-
troit, an award winner in fiction last
summer, received the top prize of
$75.00 in the essay division of the
contest, and Robert Miller of Ann Ar-
bor got the second prize of $50.00.
Mrs. Thumin also won the first
prize in the fiction division of the
contest. Second prize winner in fic-
tion was Gertrude Haan of Grand
No awards were made in the drama
field of entry.
Prizes Distributed
Award winners were notified Wed-
nesday by special delivery letter.
Prizes were distributed in Dean Ken-
iston's office at 4 p. m. EWT yes-
Judges for this summer's contest
were Darrel Abel, Dr. Richard H.
Fogle, and Prof. Morris Greenhut, all
of the English department, for drama
and poetry; and Robert E. Hayden,
Prof. V. S. Ogden, both of the Eng-
lish department, and Marianne Mei-
sel for essay and fiction. Mrs. Meisel
won a Hopwood award last spring for
her novel "Years Before the Flood,"
written under the name Marianne
Kaiser, Frazer
May Build Cars
At Willow Run
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Aug. 23-The Kaiser-
Frazer corporation, recently organ-
ized by Henry J. Kaiser, west coast
shipbuilder, and Joseph W. Frazer,
acting for Graham-Paige' Motors
Corporation, hopes to obtain the use
of the big Willow Run bomber plant
for the production of automobiles and
farm implements.
Confirming reports that his com-
pany was negotiating for a lease on
the big $100,000,000 property, Frazer
said here today that "the main plant
and the administration building at
Willow Run are ideal for our needs.
We are planning to begin the initial
production at Willow Run of both the
Kaiser automobile, an American-sized
car in the popular-priced field, and
the Frazer automobile, which will be
in the medium priced bracket."
He added that part of the plant
also would be used for the manufac-
ture of tractors and farm implements.
Frazer said he recently had visited
Kaiser on the west coast and they
both were in complete agreement
"that the most important task fac-
ing American industry today is to get
men and women back to work in pro-
ductive jobs."
Frazer said he and Kaiser disagreed
with the thinking that Willow Run
was "as expendable as a battleship."
U AWSeeks
Pay Increases
DETROIT, Aug. 23-(AP)-The Unit-
ed Automobile Workers (CIO) is seek-
ing a 30 per cent wage increase for
more than half a million automobile
plant workers throughout the coun-
The union today notified the Ford
Motor Company that it intended to
include such a demand in contract
* negotiations scheduled to begin on
September 24. It previously had
served notice of similar demands upon
General Motors Corporation and
Chrysler Corporation. The three com-
* panies which produce close to 90 per
cent of all the nation's motor cars in
normal times, employ approximately
500,000 production workers.

As in the notices to General Mot-
ors and Chrysler, the UAW-CIO in-
formed the Ford Company that the
increase is necessary to compensate
for a sharp decline in the amount of
take-home pay and asserted that it
could be granted without an increase
in the price of the Ford Company's
"With the hours of work reduced
to 40 a week, workers cannot possibly
afford to support their families on
the income they now receive," the no-
.,_ _ ___ ,_ _3 -T

Ickes 1
President Will
Help Veterans
Get Jobs Back
Additional Legislation
May Be Recommended
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23-President
Truman said today that Harold L.
Ickes, secretary of the interior, will
continue in his cabinet.
The President told a news confer-
ence he had discussed with Ickes,
sole remaining member of the origi-
nal Roosevelt cabinet still on the job,
that Ickes will serve in the official
family as long as he wants to stay.
Ickes' Future Discussed
They discussed Ickes' future yes-
terday, the President said.
The President added he believed
Ickes is satisfied to remain.
He said the secretary will go to
London soon to renegotiate the Anglo-
American oil treaty.
President Truman also said that he
won't permit any veteran to be de-
prived of his former job because of a
legal technicality.
Mr. Truman told a news conference
that if additional legislation is need-
ed, he will recommend specific
changes to Congress.
Million Jobs Guaranteed
Of the men who will be out of ser-
vice by Jan. 1, an estimated 1,000,000
have been guaranteed by law the right
to return to their former jobs.
But Major Gen. Lewis Hershey, Di-
rector of Selective Service, brought
out in Boston last night that, be-
cause of an omission in present law,
this legal right will expire "when
Congress terminates hostilities."
The figure of 1,000,000 is the off i-
cially accepted estimate of the num-
ber of drafted men who were taken of
actual, continuing jobs.
Act Changed
Here is what the to-do is all about:
In the original Selective Service
Act Congress provided that every vet-
eran who had a job would get it back
if he asked for it in 90 days. It also
provided that even though other pro-
visions of the act should be abolish-
ed, the job guarantees would go on.
It was in the renewal of the Select-
ive Service Act this spring that the
change was made. The act is to run
until May 15, 1946, or until "the date
of the termination of hostilities in
the present war."
Sale of 'War
P"lants Begins
252 Factories Given
To RFC for Disposal
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23 - (P) -
War plants which cost $1,500,000,000
were offered to private industry to-
day because the Army no longer
needs them.
The factories were built to turn
out such things as tanks, radar,
chemicals, plane engines and shells.
Numbering 252, the plants were
turned over to the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation for disposal.
Most of the machine tools and equip-
ment in them also will be declared
surplus by the Army and thus will
be available for private industry.
The ten largest plants, built at an
estimated cost of $593,443,434, in-
clude two government owned units
of the Fort Motor Company's River
Rouge Plant at Dearborn, Michigan.
Most of the government owned

plants operated by the Army which
were not included on the surplus
list will be kept on a standby basis or
used for storage. A few, however,
rvwill continue limited production of
experimental items.
The plants kept on the standby
basis will, when possible, be leased to
private industry for civilian produc-
tion, the department said. Also where
possible, the department said, the
Army will release any of the standby
plants which private interests may
desire to purchase.
Security Charter
Ratified by England
LONDON, Aug. 23 - (AP) -,Great

'o Stay at ost, Truman Says

ODT Assumes Control of Line
o Avert Threatened Waout
Truman Authorizes Seizure After Meeting
Is Unsuccessful in Settling Promotion Dispute
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23-Government seizure of the Illinois Central
Railroad was authorized tonight by President Truman.
The Office of Defense Transportation will take over the road, which
had been threatened with a strike at midnight.
The dispute involved promotions, stemming from a jurisdictional con-
flict with the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers.
An all-day meeting called by Reconversion Director John W. Snyder
at the President's request had failed

CROWDS SEEK WORK--Left idle because of reconversion, part of
an estimated 200,000 unemployed in Detroit, Mich., since the end of the
war, wait in the street, for admittance to War Manpower Commission
office to seek new jobs and file applications for unemployment compen-
sation claims.
Michign Field Day Entries Will
Bedue Sept. 5; All Men Eligible

All entries for the Michigan Field
Day must be turned in by 5 p. m.
EWT, Sept. 5, to the Student Offices
in the Union.
Any male is eligible to enter the
Union-sponsored revival of an old
Michigan custom to be held all day
Sept. 5, at Ferry Field. Residence
Halls, co-ops, fraternities and other
groups are invited to enter contest-
ants, the only stipulation being that
Thomas Wants
New Bureau
UAW President Seeks
Labor Board Changes
DETROIT, Aug. 23-(P)-R. J.
Thomas, International president of
the United Automobile Workers
(CIO) has recommended the estab-
lishment of a bureau of labor pro-
duction to Labor Secretary Lewis B.
Education Bureau Suggested
Stating in a letter to Schwellen-
back that he understood the secre-
tary expected to conduct "an effect-
ive reorganization of the Department
of Labor," Thomas also suggested a
bureau of worker's education and a
bureau of cooperatives and consumer
The bureau of labor production,
Thomas wrote, should be "staffed by
labor men whose job it will be to give
of labor's knowledge of experience in
maintaining full production."
Cites Great Need
"We need this more than a bureau
of statistics," he added. "We need
a bureau of labor production to
which labor can come with plans,
that will bring these plans to the at-
tention of other government agen-
Thomas cited services performed
by the Department of Agriculture
for rural workers through extension
service and farmers cooperatives, and
suggested that agricultural workers
needed similar services from his pro-
posed bureau of worker's educatior
and bureau of cooperatives and con-
sumer interest.

-- -
a fraternity pledge living in a resi-
dence hall must run with his hall,
not with the fraternity. s ,
The Intramural Department is
cooperating in running the Feld Day,t
taking charge of the timing, start-
ing and judging. Any man may en--
ter any event, but only two men from
any one group may participate in
an event at a time.
Planned for the morning are three
swimming events, while eight track
events, including relays, dashes, dis-
tance runs, broad jumps and high
jumps, will be held in the afternoon.
It is hoped that the play-offs in the
University baseball championship
series may be worked into the day's
program. At stake is the champion-
ship of the four campus leagues.
Japs Surrender
In Hong Kong
LONDON, Aug. 23 - (k') - Prime
Minister Attlee told a cheering House
of Commons today that "arrange-
ments are being made for the Japa-
nese surrender in Hong Kong to be
accepted by a British force com-
The British determination to march
rack into Hong Kong as soon as
possible epitomized the attitude of
western-European nations toward re-
possession of their territories in the
The House cheered when Attlee
assured opposition leader Winston
Churchill that the government was
taking action to restore British ad-
ministration in the crown colony as
soon as it receives the Japanese sur-
render there.
1 The French, Dutch, and Portugese
have displayed the same eagerness
' to restore their colonial empires since
Japan went to her knees.
With this issue, The Daily ceases
publication for the summer. In-
cluded in today's Daily is a spe-
cial 20-page freshman supplemerj,
copies of which will be mailed to
all incoming freshmen. Publica-
tion for the fall term will be re-
sumed Thursday, Nov. 1.

to vain any settlement of the dispute.
The White House action was an-
nounced at 10:30 u. m. EWT.
'Stoppage Unthinkable'
A stoppage in the railroad industry
at this time is unthinkable, President
Truman said when he signed the
seizure order, the White House re-
The White House order did not de-
fine the legal authority for the seiz-
ure, but it aparently was on the
ground that the dispute interfered
with effective transition to a peace-
time economy.
Kirk Named Manager
W. F. Kirk of Chicago, ODT's
Western Railroad director, was nam-
ed as Federal Manager by ODT Di-
rector Col. J. Monroe Johnson. Kirk
and Johnson immediately called upon'
all employes of the Railroad to con-
tinue in their jobs and report for
work at the usual time.,
Army protection for persons em-
ployed or seeking employment was
guaranteed under Col. Johnson's or-
der which follovied the Presidential
Jap Torpedo
D)a mageUS
GUAM, Friday, Aug. 24-The bat-
tleship Pennsylvania was struck by
a Japanese aerial torpedo the night
of Aug. 12 - a time when surrender
negotiations were in progress - and
heavily damaged, with 20 men killed
or missing. The Navy disclosed the'
action today.
A Japanese plane swept in low in
a sneak run, catching the 33,100-ton
ship, once called the "luckiest battle-
wagon in the fleet," unawares. The
missile opened a gaping hole in the
side of the warship.
The torpedo struck the starboard
side. The magazines were damaged
but did not explode. The Japanese
plane escaped. Most of the casual-
ties occurred below in the naviga-
tion department.
Terms Given
Enemy Modifiled,
NEW YORK, Aug. 23 -(A~)- NBC
corerspondent Merrill Mueller re-
ported from Manila tonight that
Gen. MacArthur has granted several
Japanese requests to "modify the de-
tails of the surrender terms" but
probably will reject the enemy's sug-
gestion that Bank of Japan money
instead of occupation Yen be used
when the U. S. troops enter.
The reporter said the main lines
of the Japanese railroad ferries will
continue to operate, handling es-
sential civilian traffic and a large
share of Japanese troops evacuating
the Tokyo occupation area.
In addition, Mueller said, MacAr-
thur will "excuse" any small ship-
ping on voyages in violation of the
surrender terms if they are not
equipped with radios.

* * *
Nips, Struck by.
Typhoon, Ask
Landing Delay
By The Associated Press
MNILA, Friday, Aug. 24-The Jap-
nese officially informed General
MIacArthur today that an intense ty-
phoon in the Tokyo district had ham-
pered their preparations for arrival
f American advance occupation
The radiogram, heard by the As-
sociated Press here, failed to clarify
whether the reported typhoon would
interfere with the time-table of Mac-
Arhtur's arrival, which is scheduled
for Tuesday with 7,500 heavily-armed
American airborne troops.
'Advance Party'
The "advance party" mentioned by
Tokyo apparently was a reference
to Tokyo's announcement that an
American entry was 'scheduled for
Sunday, a report not confirmed by
"We feel' it necessary to inform
you that in spite of our best efforts,
the preparations required by you for
the entry of the advanced party are
meeting some difficulties due to the
heavy 740-millimeter typhoon which
lasted from the evening of the 22nd
until the morning of the 23rd," said
the Japanese radio message, "and
brought about considerable damage
to the communications and transpor-
tation in the Kanto district."
The 740-millimeter reference ap-
parently was to barometric reading,
which would be approximately 29.13
inches of mercury, ordinarily indi-
cative of a moderate storm.
The Tokyo radio had reported the
typhoon earlier but made no men-
tion of the damage or casualties,
leaving the impression that it was
a small storm.
The first inquired if MacArthur's
directives, brought back by Japanese
emissaries who met his aides in Ma-
nila Aug. 20, carried the hours speci-
fied in Japanese time.
Million Japsw
T1o Surrender
Mainland Army.Yields
To Chiang's Forces
CHUNGKING, Aug. 23-(P)-More
than 1,000,000 Japanese troops are
to be surrendered to the forces of
Generalisimo Chiang Kai-Shek, it
was disclosed today, coincident with
a report that the Communists in
North and Central China had "gath-
ered their strength in an all-out of-
The 1,000,000 figure was disclosed
in a battle order delivered by Nippon-
ese envoys at Chungking to Gen. Ho
Yingchin, commander of the Chinese
forces. It was estimated that they
represented one-half of the total
Japanese military strength on the
Asiatic mainland.
The Communist New China Daily
News, published in Chungking, re-
ported the gathering of strength by
the Communists, and said that Com-
munist troops were approaching
Wanping and Nanyuan, close to the
ancient Chinese capital of Peiping.

Truman Scat hes French Press

WASHINGTON, Aug. 23 - (P) -
President Truman rocked a group of
Frenchnnewsmen back on their heels
today by asserting bluntly that this
country has not been getting a square

here over the position of the French
Press, although there had been some
comment that newspapers in that
country had tended to minimize U. S.

but that they did not represent the
general tone of the nation's press.
Most of the Frenchmen said they
believed Mr. Truman based his re-

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