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August 05, 1945 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1945-08-05

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Fifty-Fifth Year

Schools To Get Radio Equipment

Social Progress, Faith Discused

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications. The Summer Daily is pub-
lished every day during the week except Monday and
Editorial Staff

lay Dixon
Margaret Farmer
Betty Roth
Bill Mullendore
-Dick Strickland

. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . a . Associate Editor
SSports Editor
Business Staff
. . . Business Manager

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Youth illPolitics

TIHE AVERAGE AGE of the present members of
the Norwegian Parliament is 60. For this
rather excellent reason, the Norwegian youth
organizations have issued a joint appeal to
political parties and members of Parliament
urging them to aid in the rejuvenation of Par-
The Norwegian Constitution permits the elec-
tion of men as young as 30, and thus the politi-
cal youth organizations, as well as the tem-
perance organization, the Norwegian Athletic
Association, and the students' association, are
urging leaders of political parties to consider this
in nominating candidates for new election this
fall in the hope of obtaining some young, blood
in Parliament.
Also being considered, and supported by the
Oslo press, is the lowering of the age limit for
voters from 23 to 21, the only drawback to this
being that the change could not become effect-
ive before the general election in October.
The action by the youth organizations of Nor-
way is an encouraging sign that the youth of
the nation is awakening to its responsibility for
citizenship and intends to play an active rather
than a passive part in the search for good gov-
ernment. The first step would, indeed, seem to
be the election of younger men more adapted
to modern conditions and ready to work co-
These youth groups might well set ours an
example by their spirit and participation. A
more united and definite stand on important
issues by youth groups in this country, begun
perhaps by the concerted action of those on a
university campus such as ours, will surely lead
to the greater and much needed influence in
government of youth, whose job the govern-
ing of the nation will some day become.
-Elinor Moxness
Labor. Charter
A SEQUEL to the labor-management charter
recently promulgated by Eric Johnston,
Philip Murray and William Green, has ben
proposed by Sen. Vandenberg, Michigan Repub-
In a letter to Secretary of State Swellen-
bach, Sen. Vandenberg asks that a national
conference between management and labor be
held under White House auspices to soften
"entrenched rivalries" and lay the groundwork
for a "peace charter" in the domestic industrial
scene, comparable to the United Nations Char-
ter in the international field.
Swellenbach is reported to have replied en-
thusiastically that he will present the proposal
to President Truman upon the latter's re-
turn from Potsdam.
The move, according to a Chicago Sun staff
writer, was torpedoed by a right-wing clique
in control of the National Association of Manu-
facturers and politicians on the executive coun-
cil of the A. F. of L., who took advantage of
Green's absen'e in San Francisco to bar him
from sitting down to talk postwar problems with
the C. I. 0.
Vandenberg suggests that the Johnston-Mur-
ray-Greer, charter-already accepted by the
U. S. Chamber of Commerce and the C. I. O.
and designed to dissolve management's fear that
the unions will invade its prerogatives and
labor's fear that reactionary management will
crush the unions-might become the Dumbarton
Oaks of the final charter for industrial peace.
In postwar America job security and full pro-

WASHINGTON-While the Army and the Sur-
plus Property Board are still fighting over'
what to do about distributing surplus films among
educational users, plans for releasing large quan-
tities of radio material to schools are progressing
rapidly. The nation's schools will receive both
Army transmitting equipment and receiving
equipment-for standard broadcasting and for
the new FM broadcasting.
Details of the plan are yet to be worked out,
but educators have met twice with represent-
atives of the Surplus Property Board, the Army
Signal Corps and the U. S. Office of Education.
One of the moving spirits behind the plan has
been Federal Communications Commissioner Cliff
Durr, forthright brother-in-law of Supreme Court
Justice Hugo Black.
Right after the last war, as radio was begin-
ning to be developed, schools were in the fore-
front among radio station owners. Gradually,
however, though frequencies had been reserved
'U' Plans FM Station
The Merry-Go-Round is particularly interest-
ing today in the light of yesterday's announce-
ment that the Federal Works Agency had ap-
proved a loan of $5,888 for planning the proposed
construction of a University Frequency Modula-
tion radio broadcasting station.
for them, the educators were swamped by com-
mercial broadcasters. Today, only 39 broadcast-
ing stations are owned and operated-full or part
time-by schools.
This time, ,however, the educators are de-
termined not to lose out on their second
chance, and plans are being drawn for more
than a dozen state-wide educational FM net-
works. A number of colleges and city boards
of education have applied for FM licenses,
and it seems fairly certain that non-com-
mercial broadcasts from these stations will be
available to listeners in most areas. Of the
90 channels set aside for FM by the FCC
last month, .20 are for the exclusive use of
these educators.
Surplus military equipment, therefore, should
prove a great boon to this program. Some well-
endowed universities, colleges and private schools
are able to purchase their equipment at market
prices, but the vast majority are not. One prob-
lem now being worked out for disposal of this
property is a pricing formula, with the educators
hoping the government will permit a loss in sell-
ing them radio equipment. Dr. Ronald R. Low-
dermilk of the Office of Education urges that
schools be permitted to buy the equipment
End of Jap War?
WAR CHIEFS in Washington aren't sayigg
anything about it, but privately they expect
an end of the Japanese war by fall.
The Japs' rejection of the Potsdam ulti-
matum was no surprise. U. S. strategists ex-
pected it. Furthermore, there are several
factors indicating that the Japs will fight furi-
ously up until the last few hours before their
WE HAVE DECIDED that there are two kinds
of people on campus: those who can be
humorous at least once in a while,-and then
there are the University of Michigan professors.
Their lack of humor is evidently a dominant
characteristic and has been cultivated by gen-
erations of inbreeding.
Some professors are apparently accutely
aware of their short-comings and take steps
to modify the prevailing conditions. A few
purchase joke books, and manage to slip in a
sly quip at least every other lecture. Others
dispense with the joke book and place their
trust in an elaborate card system. The cards,
printed with such appropriate remarks as
etc., are flashed three or four times a lecture.

A great many professors make it plain at the
outset of the course that from time to time they
will let fly with a bit of drollery, and that it is up
to the students to keep on their toes if they
want an "A" in the course. One or two of the
profs have rigged up great metering devices
in the class rooms which more or less register
the quality and intensity of the classroom laugh-
ter, and they base their marking curves on the
meters' readings. But the great fact remains
the profs aren't funny; only the prodigious
effort they go through to be humorous is ludi-
*. * * *
Of course there are exceptions to every
rule. We have a full professor who consistent-
ly manages to convulse the class with his sar-
castic wit. We are not sure whether he has a
prepared script for each lecture, with the
jokes written between the notes, or whether
he is an old two-a-day vaudevillian, who de-
cided that college students, in their waking.
classroom moments, are indeed the best audi-
ence of all.

leaders throw in the sponge. It pretty much
depends on the leaders.
Jap military men so far have been able to stir'
up fairly strong support for the war from the
people. There are three reasons for this:
1. The most successful propaganda campaign
in history has been sold the Jap soldier on the
glory of dying for the Emperor, with the result
that there are thousands of recruits for suicide
assignments and hundreds of families proud of
their sons who succeed in getting these assign-
2. The Jap press and radio has played up the
importance of the Chinese campaign last year.
Though not emphasized in this country, the Japs
succeeded in their big objective of preventing
American fliers from using Chinese bases for
raids on Manchurian steel mills and munitions
factories. These plants are still operating.
3. The Tokyo government has also convinced
the people that surrender means total annihila-
tion of the Japanese people. Many believe they
will be wiped out by poison gas or some other
fiendish method of American mass execution
such as being run over by bulldozers. Their
leaders, who know better, prefer to have them
believe this.
On the other side of the ledger are: (1) the
almost total destruction of the Jap navy; (2)
the strange inactivity of Jap planes, indicating
that gasoline is getting low; and (3) a careful
shift to put the military in the background.
Apparently they don't want to get the blame
for impending defeat. Only last week, for in-
stance, Gen. Kanji Ishiwara, representing the
Army, made this unusual statement:
"People think that total war means that the
Military is in charge of everything, incltding ad-
ministration, economic organization and so on;
but in fact the military should devote itself
entirely to military operations, while the officials
and civilians should exert their utmost effort in
administration and economic matters. The mili-
tary organization is for the purpose of carrying
on the war and therefore it should not be made
to concern itself with administration."
Actually, of course, the military have been
supreme in Japan all during the war, and even
before. But now it anpears they are ducking.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
c,/ellepj to tie &cliitoi
-49- --- K
EDITOR'S NOTE: The Daily welcomes letters to the
editor, but asks their readers to limit their letters to
350 words. Scarcity of space forces this limitation, and
letters exceeding that length will be cut at the dis-
cretion of the editors.

EDITOR'S NOTE: From time to time
other ministers will contribute to this
column, usually written by Dr. Edward W.
Blakeman, University Counselor in Reli-
gious Education.
Challenge to ChurchP.
jT IS FORTUNATE for the world
that during the worst days of the
"blitz" the people of Great Britain re-
mained convinced that they were not
helpless in the face of evil. They
knew that Hitler was trying to re-
place the Judaeo-Christian tradition
with the German paganism of the
Dark Ages. They knew too that if he
won, science would be replaced by
Hitler's "intuition" and the world
would move quickly downward and
Because the British held out un-
til aid from the U.S.A. and the
U.S.S.R. relieved the pressure,
they're free people today. And be-
cause they have learned so recently
and so clearly that they're not
helpless before evil, they're now in
a position to make a magnificent
contribution to man's trek upward
and onward.
It was the Archbishop of Canter-
bury who said not long ago, "We are
fighting not so much to preserve a
Christian civilization, as for the op-
portunity to make one." Apparently
the essentially religious British people
feel that the Labor Party, more alert-
ly sensitive to their needs than the
Tories, should lead them to this better
So we see that the English church,
unlike the Russian church of the
Czars, remains on the side of the an-
gels. For years its labors have in a
sense laid the groundwork for the
election which swept the Labor Party
into power this week.
Almost everyone now agrees that
the Russian Orthodox Church under
the Czars condoned a serfdom which
differed but little from slavery. For
centuries it was the enemy of educa-
tion and science. When Czarist tyran-
ny and brutality was overthrown, it
was inevitable that the influence of
the church would likewise crumble.
That was Russia.
BUT IN ENGLAND the social pro-
nouncements of the Church have
been almost identical with the plat-
form of the Labor Party which the
people have just chosen to form their
Here is a clear answer to those who
have turned from religion as if it were
a thoroughly-squeezed orange.
I admire the English churchmen
greatly because they were not de-
terred from the task of first depict-
ing the good life, and then describ-
ing the conditions under which it
might be obtained.
They have helped teach the English
people not only the "what" but the
"how." They have enumerated the
good things in life, they have asked
whether the conditions of society
made these goods possible, and then
they went on to tell what ought to
be done to make them possible.
If we are on the threshhold of the
People's Century, the Church faces
the greatest challenge and the great-
est opportunity it has had in genera-
In God's name, it must oppose the
exploitation of the ignorant, the per-
secution of the dissenter, and the ex-
altation of the bigoted.
It must more effectively teach
that love will triumph over hate,
that the greatest state is the one
based upon the deepest fellowship,
and that religion must be a driving
force in the creation of a social
order in which freedom of the indi-
vidual and community well-being
are the highest goods.
--Rabbi Jehudah M. Cohen, Director
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
* * *
Earthly Belief . -
THERE are no atheists in Hell, and
no one in Heaven believes in

God! This may appear to be a strange
contradiction, but it is none the
less true and must be admitted be-
cause in eternity there is no Faith.
St. Paul wrote that "faith-is the evi-
dence of things that are not to be
seen" (Heb. xi. 1), and since the Di-
vine Plan is plainly evident to every
soul who has completed his earthly
existence, he no longer believes-he
Faith then, by its very nature,
belongs to this life alone. Faith in
God is something akin to confi-
dence in a human being-it be-
comes a valid means of acquiring
knowledge about things that would
be otherwise hidden from us. Since
it is essentially an act of the will,
and the will must be lead by the
intellect, the reasonable man will'
carefully examine the motives of
credibility. He will then believe,
not because "somebody says so,"
but on the basis of a conclusive
Faith is of the utmost importance
because by it I become aware of my

responsibility towards my Creator,
and only in the light of it can I work
out my ultimate destiny. Does it de-
stroy freedom? On the contrary, my
life will then flow along the chan-
nels set for it by my Creator, and
becomes like a river-free within its
banks. The river that follows the
plan set for its journey is a beauti-
ful thing to behold and of great
value in the plan of creation-but
let that same river, swollen in flood-
time, break over the barriers that
were its guides and it becomes a thing
of destruction. The freedom it had
enjoyed while following the plan laid

out for it has stretched to license and
instead of bringing life to the soil it
threads, it tears away and destroys.
And when man, swollen with a
false idea of his own importance,
denies the barriers of God's law, he
too becomes an instrument of de-
struction. For he not only re-
fuses to seek God's plan for him-
self, but invariable reaches out to
destroy the faith of others-and
only in eternity will we be fully
aware of the damage he has
-Rev. Frank J. McPhillips,
St. Mary's Student Chapel.

Protests Postponed Election

. V .


To the Editor:
I AM A MEMBER of the Executive Council of
SOIC. This body held a meeting last Wed-
nesday in which it unanimously decided that the
run-off election between the universities of our
Filipino and Chinese friends would be held the
Friday following. Friday morning, on taking
my customary glance at the Michigan Daily,
I was indeed surprised to find out that an emer-
gency meeting, Thursday afternoon, of the Exec-
utive Council of SOIC had unanimously revoked
its twenty four-hour-long decision.
Upon inquiry on the matter I found out that
its reason had been the suggestion of the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee that the Council recon-
sidered their previous advice of postponing
elections until Fall, not followed on Wednes-
day. Since the chairman of the Council
tried but failed to get in touch with me in
regard to the emergency meeting, I was not
able to cast my vote.
I wish it to be known that my opinion is a
dissenting one. I strongly adhere to the belief
in an immediate choice of a foreign university
through an all-Campus election. In the first
place, the question is not which university is
adopted, since all the submitted possibilities are
in need of a truly friendly hand, and any one
which carries the election will be a more worthy
choice, as Mr. Ku, speaking for Tsing Hua,
said in these same columns. The abnormality of
our nation at war has created a continuous in-
coming and out-going irregular flow of students
on this campus. Although to a lesser extent,
due to the double abnormality of the summer
periods, we would encounter everysemester the
same problem of new students who would like
to have had a say in the adoption of the uni-
Any absent student who, coming back in the
fall, would feel reluctant to give his whole-heart-
ed support, is far below the praiseworthy altru-
ism of SOIC's undertaking. For obvious reas-
ons, the moral prestige of the organization called
for an immediate election. Those who really
know the vicissitudes and suffering our brother
universities have undergone earnestly urge us
to take action NOW. If we would only realize
the conditions, we would cast away all our petty
I conclude that I do not agree to the sug-
gestion of the Student Affairs Committee for
the postponement of elections until Fall, 'and
that I am a dissenting vote in the otherwise
latest unanimous resolution of the Executive
Council of SOIC.
-Richard F. Defendini
Member, SOIC Executive Council
Chairman, All-Nations Club.

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Summer Session office,
Angell Hal!, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
VOL. LV., No. 25S
Lecture: "Values in Physical Edu-
cation." LeRoy M. Weir, Instructor
in Physical Education. 2:05 p.m. CWT
or 3:05 p.m. EWT Monday. University
High School Auditorium.
Lecture: "People of the Far East,"
with motion pictures and Oriental
music. Dr. H. G. Callis; auspices of
the Department of Economics. 6:30
p.m. CWT or 7:30 p.m. EWT Monday
Rackham Anphitheatre.
Lecture: "The Future of Parochial
Education in America." Francis J.
Donohue, University of Detroit. 2:00
p.m. CWT or 3:00 p.m. EWT Tuesday
Michigan Union.
The Fourth Clinic of the season
at the University of Michigan Fresh
Air Camp will be held Friday, Aug.
13th, 8:00 p. m. (EWT) at the Main
Lodge. Dr. Marie Skodak, Directol
of the Flint Guidance Center, will be
the consultant. The camp is on Pat-
terson Lake, near Pickney. Students
interested in mental hygiene and
the problems of adjustment are wel-
come to attend.
Rules governing participation in
Public Activities:
Participation in Public Activities:
Participation in a public activity is
defined as service of any kind on a
committee or a publication, in a pub-
lic performance or a rehearsal, or in
holding office in a class or other
student organization. This list is not
intended to be exhaustive, but merely
is indicative of the character and
scope of the activities included.
Certificate of Eligibility: At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligi-
ble for any public activity until his
eligibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs.
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents, a Certificate of Eligibility.
Participation before the opening of
the first semester must be approved
as at any other time.'
Before permitting any students tc
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation above),
the chairman or manager of such
activity shall (a) require each appli-
cant to present a certificate of eli-
gibility (b) sign his initials on the
back of such certificate and (c) file
with the Chairman of the Committee
on Student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certificates
of eligibility and a si ned statement
to excludeall other from participa-
tion. Blanks for the chairman's lists
may be obtained in the Office of the
Dean of Students.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
March 1.
Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any pub-
lic activity.
Eligibility, First Year: No fresn-
man in his first semester of residence
may be granted a Certificate of Eli-
A freshman, during his second sem-
ester of residence, may be granted
a Certificate of Eligibility provided
he has completed 15 hours or more
of work with (1) at least one mark
of A or B and with no mark of less

than C, or (2) at least 2% times as
many honor points as hours and
with no mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3,
C-2, D-1, E-0).
Any student in his first semester
of residence holding rank above that

removed in accordance with Univer-
sity regulations. If in the opinion of
the Committee on Student Affairs
the X or I cannot be removed promp-
tly, the parenthetically reported
grade may be used in place of the X
or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligible under
Rule V may participate only after
having received special permission
of the Committee on Student Affairs.
The American Red Cross has ur-
gent need for Social Workers, Rec-
reation workers and Staff Aides to
help in Hospitals in this country as
well as for overseas positions. Age
23 to 50 and college men and women
preferred. Personnel secretaries from
Headquarters will be in Ann Ar-
bor on August 13 and 14 to inter-
view interested persons.
Appointments for interviews may
be made at Red Cross Headquarters,
Frenh Tear: Tuesday at 4 p.m.
EWT (3 p.m. CWT) in the Grill Room
of the Michigan League.
Graduate Outing Club: The Gradu-
ate Outing club is meeting for a hike
Sunday afternoon, August 5, at 2:30
p. m. EWT at the back entrance to
the Rackham Building; destination
will be decided at that time. Bring
your own lunch.
Dr. George Kiss of the Geography
Department will speak on "The Rus-
sian Arctic" at 8:00 p. m. (EWT),
Monday, August 6th, in the Interna-
tional Center. The Russky Kruzhok
(Russian Circle) invites all who are
interested to attend. Tea will be
served following the talk.
Lecture. "Interpreting the News."
Professor Preston W. Slosson, 3:10
p. m. (CWT) 4:10 p. m. (EWT) Tues-
day, August 7, Rackham Amphithea-
tre. Auspices of the Summer Ses-
Lecture: "Why People Fail," T.
Luther Purdom, Director of the Uni-
versity Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information. 2:05 p.m.
CWT or 3:05 p.m. EWT Tuesday,
University High School Auditorium,
French Club: The sixth meeting of
the club will take place Thursday,
Aug. 9 at 8 p.m. EWT (7 p.m. CWT)
at the Michigan League. Mrs. Eugenia
Le Mat, grad.>,will speak on "Souven-
irs de France." Group singing, social
hour. All students, servicemen, facul-
ty people interested are cordially in-
Academic Notices
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in School of Education.
These examinations will be held dur-
ing the summer on August 27-28-29
from 8 till 11 o'clock (CWT). Any-
one desiring to take the examinations
should notify Dr. Woody's Office,
4,000 University High School, before
August 10.
Symposium on Molecular Structure.
Dr. Theodore Berlin will speak on
"Wave Mechanical Principles and
Chemical Resonance" in Room 303
Chemistry Building on Monday, Aug-
ust 6 at 3:15 p. m. (CWT), 4:15 p. m.
(EWT). All interested are invited
to attend.
Linguistic Institute: Introduction to
Linguistic Science. "The Romance
Language Group as Material for Lin-
guistic Study," Dean Hayward Kenis-
ton. 6 p.m. CWT (7 p.m. EWT) Tues-
day, Aug. 7, East Lecture Room Rack-
ham Building.
Linguistic Institute Luncheon Con-
ference: Tuesday, Aug. 7, Luncheon
at 11 a.m. CWT (12 noon EWT),
League Ballroom. Conference at 12
noon CWT (1 p.m. EWT), Rooms D,

E, Michigan League. "English Syntax
of Transformation." Lieut. Charles
F. Hockett, Language Section, Infor-
mation and Education Division, A.S.F.
Note change of date and room for this


By Crockett Johnson

I I I f1 7



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