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July 04, 1944 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1944-07-04

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i t 43rn

i4

Weather
Fair

LIV No. 1-S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 4, 1944

PRICE FIVE C

U. S. Makes New

Dutch

Guinea Landing

-4

;is Retreat

As Red Army
T kes Minsk
Russians Recapture
1,150 Places Siweepingt
Westward in Drive
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 4, Tuesday-Red
troops captured the White Russian
capital of Minsk yesterday, blasting{
the Germans out of their last majort
city on Soviet soil, and took morez
than 1,150 other places as the mighty1
summer offensive swept westward,
Moscow announced last night.
The fall ¢f Minsk to the stormingt
advance of the first and third White
Russian armies was the most spec-
tacular coup of the 11-day old drive
which already has carried as much
as 150 miles on a 350-mile battle-
front.
Street Fighting in Polotsk
But even as the great German1
bastion fell the broadcast Russian
communique said other Soviet forces
already had broken into Polotsk, 120
miles northeast of Minsk, and were
fighting in the streets, and had
reached the outskirts of Molodeczno,
the stratogic railway junction in old
Poland 40 miles northwest of Minsk
and 110 miles southwest of Polotsk.
Premier-Marshal Stalin personally1
announced the capture of Minsk, at
city of nearly a quarter-million popu-
lation.in peacetime.
No mention was made of the fate
of the remnants of 17 German divi-1
sions-possibly as many as 200,0001
me,.including axliares and service
units-who were reported defending
the city, but the Russian communi-
que said the first and third White
Russian armies had captured 23,658
prisoners in the fighting Saturday
and Sunday alone.
German Generals Taken Prisoner
This- brought to approximately
225,000 the number of German troops
officially announced by the Russians
as killed or captured since the gigan-
tic offensive in White Russia began
June 23.
Among the captives taken over the
week-end were two more German
major-generals, commanders of the
36th and 95th infantry divisions, said
the bulletin recorded by the Soviet
Monitor.
The Russians announced that be-
sides taking Minsk their troops had
advanced to the Molodeczno-Polotsk
railway practically along its entire
distance north of Wilejka, which was
captured Sunday. The district center
of Kurinets, five miles north of Wil-
ejka, was one of the railway stations
occupied on this line.
rench, Yanks
Capture Siena,
Near Florence
ROM, Joly 3-(AP)-American
and French forces occupied the me-
dieval city of Siena, 31 airline miles
from Florence, early today without
damage to its famous art and archi-
tectcral treasures, while Yank troops
on the west coast evicted the Nazis
from Cecina in bitter house-to-house
fighting and thrust on within 15
miles of the prize port of Livorno
(Leghorn).
The quick and virtually uncon-
tested capture of Siena by French
Infantry and American artilleryeand
tank units followed weeks of hard
fighting on its mountainous ap-
proaches. A special announcement
of the city's fall came immediately
after a communique said the French
had fought to within two miles of

its ancient walls.
Siena is rivalled only by Florence in
the wealth of its renaissance art.
Its black and white marble Gothic
cathedral is regarded as one of the
world's most beautiful structures. z
American units stormed past Ce-
cina despite some of the most stub-
born resistance since the fall of
Rome.

Americans Open Drive
On CherbourgPeninsula

New Delivery,
Distribution To
Start for Daily

Yanik Attack
On Noemfoor

Made Sun

By The Associated Press
SUPREME hEADQUARTERS, Al-
lied Expeditionary Force, Tuesday,
July 4-U. S. Troops exploded an
offensive yesterday along a 40-mile
front on the lower Cherbourg penin-
sula and in rain and mud drove as
far as three miles into stout German
,defenses which Field Marshal Erwin
Rommel had inspected himself two
months ago and considered adequate.
An artillery barrage plowed the
German lines, and then the dough-
boys went over the top in a scene
reminiscent of the first World War,
pushing through mire that bogged
down their tanks to withinbthree
miles of La Haye Du Puits, highway
hub six miles inland from the Atlan-
tic coast.
Doughboys fought from hedge to

Dewey Will
Stay Home

Cows, Chickens To
Hear GOP Oratory
By The Associated Press
ALBANY, July 3-A "down-on-the
farm" summer campaign, with politi-
cal and state business carried on in
Albany and speech-writing done on
week-ends at his 486-acre Pawling
farm, was outlined tentatively today
by Gov. Thomas E. 0ewey.
Strengthening reports that his
strategists want to keep the Repub-
lican presidential nominee "under
wraps" until after labor day, Dewey
told a news conference in his execu-
tive office today that he planned no
major speeches in the next tWo
months but "may have to travel in
the next month," apparently to a
zampaign conference with other Re-
publican governors.
Dewey declined to answer ques-
aions about national policies. He gave
correspondents, instead, a detailed
account of the historical background
>f the Quaker Hill community at
Pawling (Pop... 1,446). Neighbors
expect to hold a reception for him
there Friday afternoon when he
leaves Albany for a week-end.
Although Dewey at first said all
he knew about a prospective huddle
with other Republican governors was
what he read in the newspapers, he
later conceded that he had discussed
the possibility of such a meeting
with Gov. Earl Warren of California.
Warren has promised to head an
intensive campaign in California for
Dewey and Gov. John W. Bricker of
Ohio, the vice-presidential nominee.
Dewey declined to answer questions
about Warren's refusal to be "draft-
ed" by last week's convention for the
second place nomination.
Chicago has been suggested as a
possible meeting place for the gov-
ernors. If the conference material-
izes, that probably will be Dewey's
first trip out of New York since his
flight to accept the nomination.
The nominee insisted, 'however,
that his plans were not definite be-
yond this week.

hedge against machine-gun, sniper
and mortar fire, and in the first
surge captured more than 100 prison-
ers, front line dispatches said.
St. Jones Falls to Yanks
They pressed ahead 2, miles at
one point and captured St. Tones,
five miles east of La Haye, poisinn
an outfianking threat to that com-
munications center.
While some Poles, probably forced
to fight for the Germans, were among
the first captives to come back from
the front, the troops of Lt. Gen.
Omar N. Bradley before long had
struck a tough line of all-German
resistance. Some of the Germans
were from the Russian front.
The Americans fought through
some enemy positions which, French
patriots said, had been inspected by
Rommel, the German field command-
er, who expressed pleasure at their
strength and strategic locations.
Little Action Around Caen
The Supreme Headquarters com-
munique reported that while Allied
forces wre gaining ground in this
sector, patrols on the currently static
Caen front to the east had penetrated
deep into enemy positions. It re-
ported only local clashes around
Caen.
For once the Americans going over
to the offensive were deprived of
heavy air support, supreme Head-
quarters saying bad weather had re-
duced aerial operations.
Nazi Military
Machine Slowed
By Fuel Lack
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 3-German
aircraft and gasoline production both
have been cut at least two-thirds by
Allied bombing, General H. H. Arn-
old reported today, virtually elimi-
nating the Luftwaffe and forcing
the Nazi high command to ration the
military use of fuel.
Arnold, commanding general of the
army air forces and recent visitor to
the battle fronts in Normandy and
Italy, said there is evidence the Ger-
mans now are using their reserve
gasoline supplies. The Allies in
France, he said, have found tanks
and other vehicles abandoned for
lack of fuel.
The clearest proof of the effective-
ness of the bomber offensive against
Germany, said Arnold, was the Luft-
waffe's failure to muster enough
bomber or fighter strength to hit the
congested English ports, the thou-
sands of ships in the channel, and
the swarming beachheads at the
time of the invasion.
"Here was a target the like of
which no aviator had ever seen be-
fore," he said. "It was an aviator's
dream."
In a press conference discussion,
Arnold made these points:
All of Germany's 55 synthetic and
natural oil refineries have been hit,
with production at each reduced to
not more than one-third normal.
Enemy plane production has been
cut tot one-third the planned out-
put, ball bearing production almost
that much.

To

The Daily will be delivered to all
registered students with the compli-
ments of the University through te
Summer Session.
Within the delivery area, the
boundaries of which will be an-
nounced soon, Dailies will be dis-
tributed to all dormitories and stu-
dent residences, with one paper for
approximately every five students.
There will be three Dailies delivered
to every five men in the Army and
Navy.
Due to the -shortage of carriers
those students who live outside of
the delivery area will be able to re-
ceive their Dailies by presenting their
cashier's receipt at The Daily office
in the Student Publications Bldg.
and getting a card entitling them to
pick up their paper each morning
between 7:45 and 10:10 in front of
the Main Library at least for the
first week of the Summer Session.
Single copies of The Daily will be
on sale each morning outside the
Main Library on the Diagonal.
Private subscriptions may be had,
although the University hopes to
present every student with an oppor-
turity to read the campus paper
without a personal subscription. Sub-
scribers within the delivery area will
get their Daily delivered, and those
who are farther from campus can
get mail subscriptions. These sub-
scriptions can be obtained in the.
Student Publications Bldg.
Yanks Among
Victims.,of Nazi
Robot Bombs
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 3-(AP)-Another
deadly parade of flying bombs dron-
ed over southern England tonight
and an undisclosed number of Ameri-
can soldiers were among the day's
victims of the Nazi spite weapon.
Fighter pilots chasing the robots
vices were getting workouts reminis-
a "high proportion" of them but
nevertheless a number got through.
Two pilots in the same squadron each
shot down three in a single patrol.
In some places civil defense ser-
vices were getting workouts deminis-
cent of the days-of the heavy German
bombings of England and there were
long hours on "alert."
American soldiers everywhere have
been winning British tribute for the
way they have pitched in and helped
whenever an "incident" occurs near
them.
Victims of the flying rockets were
disclosed today to have included
Maj. Gen. Sir Arthur Scott, retired,
his wife, Aimee Byng, a novelist, and
Sir Percy Alden, lecturer and social
worker.
There is much about the flying
rocket campaign that can't yet be
told but many hope Prime Minister
Winston Churchill will disclose at
least some of it tomorrow in a report
to commons.
A speaker on a German radio
claimed the flying bombs were as
accurate as the orthodox bomb drop-
ped from a height of five miles.
In the tird week of this cam-
paign the people of southern England
are adjusting themselves more and
more to its consequences.
International
Bank Discussed
By The Associated Press
BRETTON WOODS, N. H., July 3
-The proposed international bank
for reconstruction today was charac-
terized as a "contribution of fun-
damental value and importance" to
the "overwhelming tasks" ahead by

Lord Keynes, head of the British
delegation to the United .Ttions
monetary conference.
Lord Keynes, author of the mone-
tary plan which was one of the fore-
runners of the monetary stabiliza-
tion proposal now before the con-

-Daily Photo by John Horeth ,
Top positions on The Daily for the summer session will be held by
two women, Jane Farrant, '44, of Grand Rapids, (right); and Lee
Amer, '45, of New York City, (left). Miss. Farrant has been appointed
managing editor, and Miss Amer business manager by the Board
in Control of Student Publications.
Daily Offers Opportunities
For Newspaper Experience

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To Give One Paper
Each Five Students

_0/

Ten times winner of the Associated
College Press All-American Pace-
maker award, The Michigan Daily,
University student newspaper, now
is in its 54th year of continuous pub-
lication.
The Daily is run completely by
students, under the Board in Control
of Student Publications. Work is di-
vided into four staffs, editorial,
which handles all general news, wo-
men's sports and business.
Anyone eligible to work on The
Daily may try out for any staff in
which he is interested.
Tryouts for the editorial staff are
placed on the freshman staff, where
they are given a beat to cover and
are taught the fundamentals of news-
the approval of the Board in Control
There will be a meeting of all stu-
dents interested in trying out for
The Daily editorial staff at 4:30
Thursday, July 6, in the Student
Publications Building on Maynard
Street. Any student with a C average
or better is elgible to tryout. Anyone
interested in becoming Daily dramat-
ic critic should see Betty Koffman,
editorial director, tomorrow or
Thursday afternoon at the Student
Publications Building.

of Student Publications. Junior staff
members act as night editors, putting
out The Daily once a week with the
as3istance of the lower staffs. They
write more editorials and the more
important news stories.
Appointments to a senior staff of
from three to five editors is made
from the junior staff by the Board in
Control of Student Publications. The
senior editors assume the chief re-
sponsibilities of The Daily.
Sports and women's staffs work on
(See TRYOUTS Page 8)
University Auto'
Ban Will Nvot

Bombardment by Navy,
Air Force Opens Drive;
One Airport Captured
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, NEW GUINEA, Tuesday, July
4.-(P)-American troops under Gen-
eral Douglas MacArthur have landed
at Noemfoor Island off Dutch New
Guinea.
In a surprise attack Sunday Ameri-
cans captured Kamiri airdrome a-
gainst slight opposition.
Landing craft threaded their way
through dangerous reefs and caught
the Japanese by surprise on the is-
land's west coast.
Allies Closer to Philippines
Kamiri, one of three dromes on
Noemfoor is 800 miles from the Phil-
ippines, closest approach to that sec-
tor yet made by the Allies.
Heavy navaland air bombardment
preceded the Noemfoor landing.
Thirty partially damaged Japanese
airplanes were captured on Kamiri
strip without a struggle, MacArthur's
Independence Day communique an-
nounced today.
Maffin Airdrome Falls
The communique also disclosed the
capture of Maffin airdrome on the
Dutch New Guinea mainland last
Friday, thus expanding the Allied
perimeter which has been 'established
in the Sarmi-Maffin Bay area for
several weeks.
Noemfoor Island, 15 miles long and
12 across, has been bombed recur-
rently during recent weeks, and over
the week-end was shelled by P-T
boats and given the heaviest bombing
this sector has seen for some time.
One hundred and fifty airplanes
dropped 230 tons of bombs there
Saturday.
'Jap Defenses Are Shaken'
MacArthur declared that the new
landing "will further dislocate enemy
south sea defenses already seriously
shaken."
Southwest Pacific bombers mean-
while attacked Monokwari on the
Dutch New Guinea mainland 50
miles west of Noemfoor, and other
Japanese installations on Timor Is-
land in the Dutch East Indies, Palau
and Yap in the Carolines, Wewak,
British New Guinea, and at Rabaui,
New Britain, and Kavieng, New Ire-
land.

UNDERGROUND':
Guerrilla War, Strikes and
Sabotage Spread in Europe

and editorial writing and coverage,
headline writing and proof reading.
In addition, tryouts work on night
desk once a week, learning the prac-
tical aspects of putting out a news-
paper.
Freshmen are advanced to the
Sophomore staff when they have
learned these fundamentals, and are
given more opportunity for news and
editorial writing, as well as training
in page make-up and the technique
of putting out a newspaper.
Members of the sophomore staff
who show ability and industry are
promoted to the junior staff, with
County Fails
To Reah Bond
Drive Quota
Washtenaw county had only 10
per cent to go to fill its quota of nine
million dollars for the Fifth War
Loan campaign as the auditor re-
ported a total sales figure of $8,238,-
849.75.
Army personnel on campus have
bought more than $30,000 Bonds in
the drive and hope to raise that
amount to $50,000. Men are also
signing up now for the series E
"G. L" Bond with Lt. Melvin Flegal,
Bond officer. This type sells for
$7.50 with a maturity value of $10
and is available only to persons in
the armed forces.
The University' did not have a
quota this time as a large part of
the drive occurred during exam and
vacation days.
Series E Bonds in the county, cor-
porations and banks and non-E
Bonds have 90 to 102 per cent of
their quotas filled while the E Bonds
in the city have lagged behind with
$707,962.50 or 54 per cent of the

B e Lifted Today
Driving regulations will not be
lifted for the Fourth, holidays, or for
any other reason until the end of the
summer term, according to Assistant
Dean of Students W. B. Rea.
The official automobile regula-
tions for the 1944 summer term and
summer session became effective yes-
terday, after which time any unau-
thorized driving will be considered a
violation of the rules. Students in
the summer term and summer ses-
sion who, during the preceding aca-
demic year were not enrolled as sti-
dents here or elsewhere, but were
engaged in professional pursuits will
be granted the unrestricted use of
their cars.
Exemptions May Be Gotten
Regular students who are twenty-
six or over or who take part-time
work during thee summer are re-
quired to apply for exemption at the
Office of the Dean of Students.
Those students who secured driv-
ing permits during the fall or spring
terms need not renew their permits
for the summer term. Driving per-
mits now in effect will remain effec-
tive until the close of the Summer
Term on Saturday, Oct. 21. The
holders of such permits will auto-
matically be granted the use of their
cars for outdoor athletic recreation.
Rules Regarding Passengers
Passengers may be carried in con-
nection with outdoor athletic activi-
ties, but mixed company in a car
after 9 p.m. will represent a social,
rather than a recreational use of the
car, and will be interpreted as a
violation. Dean Rea emphasized that
this privilege applies only to outdoor
athletic recreation and does not in-
clude driving for social or - other
personal purposes.
Students who do not now have
driving permits and who wish to
apply for summer recreational priv-
ileges may do so by calling at the
Office of the Dean of Students. Such
See AUTO BAN, Page 8
17 Year Olds
To Form Co. C
A new Co. C is now being formed
here from the 210 17 year old boys,
some of whom arrived here yester-

JAG Graduates
To Hear Talk
By Patterson
Undersecretary of War Robert P.
Patterson will be the principal
speaker at the graduation of the
Sixth Officer Candidate class and
the 17th Officer class of the Judge
Advocate General's School, Tuesday,
July 11, in the auditorium of the
Rackham Auditorium.
Candidate Buster Cole, Sixth OC,
will be awarded the Soldier's Medal
at the review parade to honor visit-
ing dignitaries Monday. The medal
is given Cole for his "courage, pres-
ence of mind and high degree of
leadership" while a passenger on a
foreign vessel attacked by enemy
bombers on June 16, 1943.
175 Men To Be Graduated
Nearly 175 men graduate making
the largest graduating class in the
school's two-year history. Also par-
ticipating in the ceremonies will be
Maj. Gen Myron C. Gramer, Judge
Advocate General of the Army.
Patterson, made Undersecretary of
War when the office was created in
December, 1940, has practiced law
for over 25 years. Admitted to the
bar in 1915, he was made judge of
the Southern New York District
Court in 1930. He became judge of
the Second United States Circuit
Court of Appeals in 1939, entering
the war department the next year.
Patterson Earned Awards
For extraordinary heroism in ac-
tion on August 14, 1918, he was
awarded the Distinguished Service
Cross and cited in General Orders.
Again cited in General Orders for
gallantry in action on September 26,
1918, he was given the Silver Star.
Later, when wounded in action, he
received the Purple Heart.
Patterson is a member of the Am-

By The Associated, Press
LONDON, July 3.-Spreading sab-
otage and guerrilla warfare in
France, uprisings in Denmark and
the Partisan campaign in Yugoslavia
are tying up German occupation
troops sorely needed by Hitler on the
fighting fronts, an authoritative
French source declared today.
He said there scarcely was a region
in France where fighting was not in
progress and estimated that the
French guerrillas were pinning down
about eight Nazi divisions that other-
wise would be in action against the
Allies in"Normandy.
Maquis Strikes in South
The French Maquis were said to
have killed or wounded 400 Germans

ness. He said the French resistance
to reach their full degree of effective-
forces also lacked food and medical
supplies and that the members were
dying from slight wounds.
Reports reaching Port Bou in
Spain said Gen. Georges Nadal, chief
of Vichy's pro-German militia in
western France, was capturedhby the
Maquis Saturday night as he was
en route from La Rochelle to Cognac
to attend a German banquet. Scores
of persons were reported to have
been arrested and held as hostages
for the general's safety.
Riots Spread in Denmark
Danish workers' demonstrations
and strikes aganst the Germans

Stimson To Inspect
Yank Troops in Italy
ROME. July 3-(AP)--Secretary

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