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July 09, 1944 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1944-07-09

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FOUR

THY, l f .1 1 ' f ICI ji I

_____________________1__________________ . .a%. ~ I.... 5i.'L 4 5.13 .5. "F J°l .7 . . 51, 4 .. . ._ . .
t I _______________________________________-_-.___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Na.u..q41$.F15A.JUL41 ZL

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Fifty-Fourth Year

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WITH THE AEF:

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Durable Old_36th

Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Jane Farrant
Betty Ann Koffn
Stan Wallace
Hank Mantho
Peg Weiss

Editorial Staff
Managing Editor
man . . . Editorial Director
City Editor
Sports "Editor
Women's Editor
Business Staff
Business Manager
Telephone 23-24.1

Lee Amer

REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVRTiNG BY
National Advertising Service,Ine
College Pu&lisbersRepresentative
420 MADIsON AVE. -NEw YORK. N.Y.
CHICAGO -"DosON - Los ANGELS - SAN FeACWco
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of allnews dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: JENNIE FITCH
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
O Versus GOP
PARTY platforms have long been character-
ized by ambiguity, double talk and weasling
on important issues and, confined as they are
within the narrow bounds of compromise, can
be only ~as important as the interpretations of
candidates and party leaders make them. Such
cautious and generalized statements as are
found in the 1944 .GOP platform are significant
only because they indicate trends and directions
of political action.
The Republican party's platform is neither
new nor different. It is typical of a long line
of such verbose but :hollow political docu-
ments. Characteristically, words and space are
wasted in criticism of the present administra-
tion with an almost hysterical denunciation
of bureaucracy, centralization of authority, red
tape, ;executive direction and New Deal social
and economic philosophy.
The platform is characteristic, too, in a
paucity of concrete plans and remedies for the
faults of the present administration. Plans for
future action are vague and general at best.
A direct contrast to the Republican plat-
form's traditional political ,and often petty
character, its lack of any well thought out,.
definite program, its bombast, is the program
outlined by the Political Action Committee of
the CIO.
The CIO's program is cemented by carefully
considered, unified purpose. In the field of for-
eign affairs, the basic :philosophy in interna-
tionalism in its broadest sense, economic, social
and political; in domestic policy, the underlyling
philosophy is President Roosevelt's "Bill of
Rights," contained in his message to Congress in
January, 1944. Every citizen has the right to
a job, an adequate living, a decent home, free-
dom of enterprise, good health and economic
security.
The two programs, of course, are at almost op-
posite polls of political opinion. More than this,
they represent the opposite extremes of clear
and muddled thinking.
IN STRONG contrast to the Republican plat-
form's weak "organized international coopera-
tion" with no "world state," the CIO program
proposes "a general international organization
open to membership by all peace-loving state,
large and small "with power of collective action
against any future aggressor."
Instead of "we shall at all times protect
the essential interests and resources of the
United States" we read in the CIO program,
"each nation must be afforded full and ade
quate assistance to develop its economy and
utilize its resources for the benefit of its peo-
ple . . ." Here is Republican balance of power
politics opposed to the farsighted interna-
tionalism of progressive labor.
We find an equally strong contrast in domestic
policy and a similar opposition of constructive
thought to destructive and often aimless criti-
cism. To carry out a domestic program based
on the President's "Bill of Rights," the CIO has
formulated a ready program of action-estab-
lishment of a National Planning Board com
posed of representatives of industry, labor and

agriculture.^
Both documents express faith in free enter-
prise. But the free enterprise of the CIO is not
the Republican's mysterious force which can be
relied upon to work smoothly and automatically,
without aid, to insure full production. It is a
mechanism which must be supplemented by a

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By KENNETH L. DIXON
WITH the AEF in Italy,-(-(P)--
Since our army headquarters
has announced that detailed reports
on the activities of the 36th division
up to date may be released this is
as good a time as any to recount
how the one-time Texas outfit has
set a bunch of brand new records
for war's history books.
It was May 25 when the old T-
and-Tommyhawk crew from Salerno
was re-committed to the combat line
at Anzio with orders to break
through the last big bastion before
Rome.
Exactly one month later the men
of the 36th had:
(1) Smashed the Velletri Line
permitting history's first success-
ful assault on Rome from the
south;
(2) Continued attack, hounding
the Germans 240 miles as the road
widens from the Anzio jump-off
point;
(3) Captured more than 5,000
prisoners, not to mention addi-
tional thousands killed.
In a proudly worded message of
congratulations Maj. Gen. Fred L.
Walker, the division commander,
told his men that "History will re-
cord forever your outstanding suc-
cess" that the division routed the
enemy "from his strong, well-or-
ganized positions and drove him
across the timber in disorder."
He told the men that General
Marshall had sent him a personal
message of congratulations and that
their historic drive would substan-
tially shorten the duration of the
war.

battle that the outfit which estab-
lished the first American beach-
head on the European continent-
the first beachhead secured any-
where by Americans against Ger-
man opposition-would be the men
to chalk up these achievements.
But not all the men were pres-
ent when the last chapter was
written. Nearly 2,000 of those
who came ashore at Salerno fell
during the first 10 days of Sep-
tember fighting on foreign soil.
During two bitter weeks of De-
cember, more than 2,000 fell in the
assault on San Pietro, and three
bloody days at the Rapido in Jan-
uary cost about 1,500 men.
Some of these were wounded and
returned to battle later but in ad-
dition to these casualties there were
the many who fell at Camino, and
Summucro, Mount Maggiore, Mount
Lungo, Mount Rotundo, and at a
score of other battle grounds now
marked by cemeteries.
Such casualties caused a complete
turnover in the division personnel
and although many of the veterans
subsequently returned to the ranks,
the outfit which was about half
Texans at Salerno was all-American
when it struck at Velletri. With
well trained replacements it was
back at full strength again but only
10 or 20 per cent were from the
Lone Star State where it originated.
The number of men lost in this
last triumphant campaign has not
yet been announced but there's
one thing the tired but proud T-
and-Tommyhawk boys will tell
you grimly:
"This time, the Germans lost a
hell of a lot more."

:;,a

ter. " st.:y .. ...
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IT SEEMED right and dust to
who have followed the
throughout nine months iof

those
36th
bitter

Tough Footing on the Western Front
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
U. S. Press O"pposes Keynes

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, July 8-The news from the
Bretton Woods monetary conference is admit-
tedly hard to follow. We call this kind of material
"pig iron" in the newspaper business. O, those
lumpy, indigestible paragraphs about a world
bank or the portistan! **
The conference isn't being made any easier
to understand, either, by an almost savage
American newspaper hostility to Lord Keynes,
chief of the British delegation. Lord Keynes
is a marked man at Bretton Woods, because
he does not believe in unemployment. He is
looked at askance by a number of American
editorial writers, who believe that unemploy-
ment has made America great.
But Lord Keynes hates unemployment. He
does not believe that human progress starts
with the delicious thrill of fear running through
a man that his baby may starve. He detests
editorial writers who enjoy that thrill at sec-
fond hand, when it concerns somebody else's
baby. He believes the hungry baby theory is
a bad theory on which to build a good world.
He thinks we ought to get some testimonials
from the babies before we adopt any such idea.
He feels that unemployment must be stamped
out, by government, like small-pox. That is
one reason why he advocates a ten-billion dol-
lar world bank, through which the nations of
the world could lend each other money for
reconstruction, in the form of mutually-guaran-
teed loans. He would make international bank-
ing truly international, for the first time.
Well, Lord Keynes is having his troubles,
mostly with that part of the American press
which, alone among the world's great presses,
is carefully studying the Bretton Woods con-
ference through a stove-lid, and reporting that
it sees nothing.
The. Strange thing is that internationalist
newspapers, like the New York Times, are
matching isolationist newspapers in their hos-
tility toward at least some of these proposals.
Partly, maybe, this is due to a mixed-up feel-
gency powers" and "reject the theory of restor-
ing prosperity through government spending and,
deficit financing." Their free private enterprise
is one which must struggle along by itself as
best it can without subsidies, without deficit
financing, without price controls and with the
imposed burden of tariffs which can be modified
only by approval of Congress.
One program is based upon fear, uncertain-
ty, reaction; the other upon courage, assur-
ance and progressiveness. One moves back-
ward, the other forward.
The November elections, the CIO platform
states "will decide whether we can move forward
with confidence to peace, freedom and security,
or whether we will be thrown back into insecur-
ity and want, imperialistic conflict, fascism and,
inevitably, into a third World War." The choice
is .-ours. -Jennie Fitch.

ing that Lord Keynes is a kind of New Deal-
er, and that to clout him will bloody Roose-
velt's nose. A strange soul-struggle is going
on between internationalism and rugged in-
dividualism.
- But what happens to our beautiful, beautiful
dreams about a world organization, if we can't
even agree on a world bank? Bretton Woods
is where we pay off on our fine talk. Bretton
Woods is where we decide whether the world
organization will be a mere clambake and
marching society, or °a working instrument. It
will be odd if men who are firmly for a world
police force and a world court swoon and pass
out at the thought of a world dollar. There,
in those lovely hills, we may lose the war.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
C11 111 111 .. . . II

'

W e
T4'inted
(ten

_-?

GEN PERSHING added his voice yesterday to
the chorus of sentiment voiced in official
and semi-official circles in most Allied capitals
that the end of the war is near -possible this
year.
Churchill has predicted the fall of Germany
during the course of this year and FDR has said
much the same thing along. with Gen. Eisen-
hower and others of our military leaders.
We wonder whether or not these opinions
have not been the product of vision thru rose-
colored glasses,'or if they should prove true,
whether such unbridled optimism' is the best
policy at this time.
We wonder whether people will work harder
or slacken off if they are convinced that the
end is near, the end of fighting in Europe.
We have no right other than that of a deeply
interested citizen to belittle the validity of such
statements, but what seems open to criticism
is the fact that they ignore mention of our Far
Eastern struggle and the overall problem of the
peace.
People are easily convinced of anything
that would be an antidote to war's horrors,
but this war will hardly be over until Japan,
too, is lcked. In this light,: further, the pros-
pects of making an enduring and just peace
seem almost frightening.
If this is pessimism, be that as it may. We
are interested in realism and this point of view
dictates immediate cognizance of the war in
the Pacific and the peace. .Is it wise or expe-
dient to cloud these sharp realities with pre-
mature optimism?
What do you think?
-Stan Wallace

(Continued from Page 2)
Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching. This exercise has been
approved by the Commanding Offi-
cer, Navy V-12 Program.
Political Science 273s: Future clas-
ses will be held every Wednesday at
7:30 in Rm. 216, Haven Hall.
Mathematics Seminars: %The fol-
lowing seminars will'take place in the
Mathematics Department during the
Summer Session :
Almost Periodic Functions, Tues-
days at 4, 3014 A.H.; Tuesday, July
11, Prof. Hildebrandt will speak.
Theory of Numbers, Wednesdays at
4:30, 318 W. Eng.; Wednesday, July
12, Mr. W. H. Brothers will speak.
Applied Mathematics, Wednesdays
at 4:30, 318 W. Eng.; Wednesday, July
12, Mr. W. H. Brothers will speak.
Statistics, Thursday, 3-5, 3201
A.H.; Thursday, July 13, Prof. Craig
will speak.
Metal Processing 9, Foundry: Lab-
oratory will meet each Tuesday 2-5
p.m. Class hour is to be arranged.
Freshman HeaIth Lectures, Sum-
mer Term: It is a University require-
ment that all freshmen attend a
series of six health lectures. These
will be given for men in Rm. 35,
Angell Hall at 5 p.m. and repeated
at 7:30 p.m. as per the following
schedule.
Lecture Number Day Datt
1 Monday July 10
2 Tuesday July 11
3 Wednesday July 12
4 Thursday July 13
5 Monday July 17
6 Tuesday July 18
Please note that attendance is re-
quired and roll will be taken.
Warren E. Forsythe
Director Health Service
Concerts
Percival Price, University Caril-
lonneur, 3 p.m. Sunday, July 9.
Frederick Marriott, Organist and
Carillonneur of the University of
Chicago, will present a program of.
compositions for organ at 8:30 p.m.,
Tuesday, July 11, in Hill Auditorium.
His "Etude for Organ," dedicated to
Palmer Christian, University of Mich-
igan Organist, will be heard, as well
as works of Bach, Schumann, Han-
del, Malingreau, Rowley and Bonset.
The general public is invited.
At 7:15 Thursday evening, July 13,
Mr. Marriott will play a group ofI
compositions on the Charles Bairdf
Carillon in Burton Memorial Tower.
Exhibitions
General Library: Main Lobby. In-
cunabula.

Clements
books.

Rackham Galleries: Photographic
Exhibit: Labor and Industry in the
U.S.S.R.
Rackhan Galleries: Photographic
Exhibit: Collective Farms in the
U.S.S.R. Open daily except Sunday,
2-5 and 7-10 p.m.
Michigan Historical Collections, 160
Rackham Building. The Growth of
the University of Michigan in Pic-
tures._
Legal Research Library: Fine buil-
dings by William C. Hollands. Lower
corridor cases.
Museums Building: Celluloid rep-
roductions of Michigan fish. Loaned
through the courtesy of the Institute
of Fisheries Research, Michigan De-
partment of Conservation.
Events Today
, The Graduate Outing' Club will
hold the first meeting of the summer
term at 2:30 p.m. at the club quar-
ters in the Rackham Bldg., entrance
northwest corner.
All graduate and professional stu-
dents and alumni interested in out-
door activities as hiking, swimming,
canoeing etc. are cordially invited to
attend this meeting and help in plan-
ning the summer program.
Graduate Outing Club
The Lutheran Student Center, 1511
Washtenaw, is having a Get-Ac-
quainted Tea this afternoon- from 3
to 5, sponsored by Gamma Delta,
.Lutheran Student Club.
Coming Events
There will be an informal reception
for all faculty and students of the
Greek and Latin Departments on
Wednesday, July 12, at 8 p.m. in the
Michigan League.
All women interested in education
are invited to luncheon, Russian Tea
Room, Michigan League Wednesday,
July 12, - from 11:45 to 1 o'clock.
Speaker will be Mrs. Louise Lincoln,
visiting lecturer in public health
nursing, who will discuss the topic
"What Teachers Can Do To Prevent
an Increase in Tuberculosis." Come
and bring your friends.
Churches
Memorial Christian Church (Disci-
ples) : 11 a.m., Sunday morning wor-

College of Architecture and -De-
sign: "Look at your Neighborhood"
circulated by Museum of Modern
Art, drawings, photographs and plans
illustrating haphazard building and
need for good planning. South end
of downstairs corridor, Architecture
Building.
Architecture Building, first floor
cases. Exhibition of student work.

Dominie Says
YESTERDAY you jammed your
finger and then kicked the cat.
What of it? "Scape-goating", says
Gordon Allport of Harvard, "is a
phenomenon wherein some of the
aggressive energies of a person or
group are focused upon another in-
dividual or group; the amount of ag-
gression and blame being . . . un-
warranted."
Scape-goating has a fascinating,
sacred and meaningful history. To-
day it curses directly the very people
whom it originally served. The pious
nomadic Jew, grateful to the Deity
for his life, his family and his flocks,
would bring the choicest lamb to the
altar where the priest who was at
once family physician, teacher and
custodian of the sacred traditions,
would burn portions of this lamb
unto the Deity. Thus the good deeds
were commended to Heaven. Then,
to signify separation of sin from the
worshipper, the, priest ceremonially
placed his stained hands on the head
of a goat and that animal was led
away to Gehenna (often used as a
synonym for Sheol, Hades or Hell),
there to perish.
The NaA, unwilling to frankly
face Germany's own errors and
eager to blame someone for the
superman's failures to ease the
life of a struggling people, have
"taken it out" on the Jews. Scape-
goating prevails with the Chris-
tian Front in America in the veiled
reference to Jews under the term
"International Bankers." Cam-
paigners indulge in deadly phras-
es-"Have you heard this one?"
or "Yes, they are all like that."
Then there are those subtle gen-
eralizations which charge the fault
or error of one person to the whole
culture, Negro or Pole or Japan-
ese or Jew. But when a Marion
Anderson or a Howard Thurman
appears as a great success, we for-
get to credit that success to the
race.
In a day when scape-goating has
turned Europe into one vast concen-
tration camp, when we find ourselves
put to it to practice democracy or
keep the culture conscious of rights,
it is a Christian virtue to clip scape-
goating from common conservation,
from campus thought and from po-
litical practice. But just as the
redirection of that energy which
falsely went into kicking the cat
required superior self-discipline in
the simplified personal situation, so
the redirecting of social energy
toward minorities will require a re-
birth of soul throughout America.
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education.
Rev. Alfred Scheips, "Convictions
Based on Knowledge."
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ley -Foundation: Class for students at
9:30 a.m. Dr. E. W. Blakeman will
lead the discussion on the theme
"The Post-War Family." Morning
worship service at 10:40 o'clock. Dr.
Charles W. Brashares will preach on
"The Present God." Wesleyan Guild
meeting at 5 p.m. Discussion groups
on' the theme "What Should the
Church Be Doing?"' Supper Fellow-
ship hour following the meeting.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
40-9 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 pm. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a.m. Subject
"Sacrament." Sunday School at
11:45 a.m. A convenient reading
room is maintained by this -church
at 106 E. Washington St. where the
Bible, also the Christian Science
Textbook, "Science and Health with
Key to . the Scriptures" and other
writings by Mary Baker Eddy may

be read, borrowed or purchased. Open
daily except Sundays and holidays
from 11:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturdays
until 9 p.m.
The Lutheran Student Association
invites Lutheran students and ser-
vicemen to an Open House in Zion
Lutheran Parish Hall, 309 E. Wash-
i gton St., this Sunday afternoon at
4:30 p.m.
Both Trinity Lutheran Church (E.
William at S. Fifth Ave.) and Zion
Lutheran Church (E. Washington at
S. Fifth Ave.) welcome students and
servicemen -to their Sunday services
at 10:30 a.m.
First Congregational Church, State
and William Streets, Rev. Leonard
A. Parr, Pastor. At the morning ser-
vice, 10:45, Dr. Parr will speak on the
subject "A Baedeker to Life." At 4
p.m. students and servicemen will
leave the Guild House for a picnic
and vespers at Riverside Park.
First Baptist Church, 512 E. Huron
St., C. H. Loucks, Minister. Roger
Williams Guild House, 502 E. Huron
St. Sunday, 10, Roger Williams Class
in the Guild House, studying "The
Prayers of Jesus." 11, Morning
church worship. Sermon, "Be Alive."
5, Roger Williams Guild in the Guild
House. Prof. P. W. Slosson of the
Department of History will lead the
first in a series of discussions on
"The Six Pillars of Peace." He will
deal with "The Political Aspects of
a Durable Peace." The community is
cordially invited to attend.

Library:

AssociationI

BARNABY
GOGKE fI
Buthow can The wise old Greeks who set Davy up in JOHNSON
Mr. Jones be business realized that he had no gills, or
Kina of the branchia. nnd thatan iinnhility t o orda i

By Crockett Johnson

Copyrigh. 1944 FPUle~ior.
Nonsense, Davy. You merely
breathe in deep. Like this-

Huhhh!. . Cushlamochree! 1 find
it not only difficult! It's impossible!

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