VOL. LIV No. 5-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 9, 1944
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Violent Battle in Outskirts of Caen;
Soviet Army Seizes
Bastion on Route to
Vital Railway Is Cut as
Wilno Battle Continues
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 8.-The Red Army today captured Baranowicze, im-,
portant fortress on the invasion route to Warsaw, fought into the streets of
Wilno, and cut the Wilno-Daugavpils railway, one of the German supply
backbones for defense of East Prussia and the Baltic States, Moscow an-
The slaughter of 28,000 Germans trapped east of Minsk and the cap-
ture of 15,102 in four days also was announced in the daily communique.
< The Russians since June 23 have
In Command at
LONDON, July 8.-(/P)-Adolf Hit-
ler has been in urgent consultation
with his top military leaders since
early this week, and a Moscow report
said that Hitler had taken over direc-
tion of operations in the west after
the removal of veteran Field Marshal
Gen. Karl Rudolf Gerd von Runstedt.
,'From the German frontier came
information considered trustworthy
that likened the serious discussions
among Hitler and his military leaders
to the Kaiser's famous Grand Council
in. August, 1918, when German lead-
could not be won but might prouce
ers oeeclded the war against the Allies
anacceptable peace through pro-
longed, bitter fighting.
Moscow radio quoted Yakov Vik-
torov, correspondent of the newspa-
per Pravda, as saying that Hitler
himself had taken over in the west,
naming Field Marshal Gen. Guenther
von Kluge as the front man for the
eclipsed von Runstedt.
"This is in itself an admission of
failure," Viktorov added.
Another Moscow broadcast quoted
a Tass dispatch as saying that von
kunstedt had been placed under
Information filtering out of Ger-
many said the major point of con-
troversy among German command-
ers in the east, west and south at the
military conference concerned their
varying manpower requirements.
A complete revision of defense
plans may be made before the end
of this month, this information said.
One important point brought up
was whether it would bke wiser to
withdraw German troops from Nor-
way and the Balkans, thereby
strengthening the core of resistance
around Germany itself and avoiding
the risk of having those idle occu-
pation troops cut off from the home-
Yanks 10 Miles'
ROME, July 8-(AP)---Two moun-
tain towns guarding Livorno have
'fallen to viciously-charging U. S.
troops who pressed today to within
ten miles of that great port on which
the Allieshope to base a massive as-
sault against the enemy's formidable
Gothic line above Florence and Pisa.
After a three-day battle in which
they fired 21,447 artillery shells in 24
hours and beat off at least three stout
counter-attacks, the doughboys seized
Rosignano, 13 miles below Livorno,
and Castellina, six miles east of Ros-
ignano, yesterday and plunged north
toward mountain ranges capped by
Casualties were high on both sides,
for thestakes were high. The Allies
must have the port quickly to at-
tack the Gothic line before all the
fortifications are completed.
The Germans need time to prepare
a strong line as they have been hint-
ing that it will be muanned largely
by Italian Fascist troops, freeing
Germans for duty elsewhere, or at
least making it unnecessary to com-
mit any more troops to a theatre
which already has cost them heavily.
killed or captured approximately
275,000 Germans on the basis of
Berlin said that Marshal Gregory
K. Zhukov's long-rested First Uk-
raine Army had gone over to the of-
fensive in the southern part of Old
Poland between Kowel and Lwow,
thus extending the fast-moving Rus-
sian front to a distance of 500 miles
-between the Daugavpils (Dvinsk)
area of Latvia to the Carpathian
Mountain approaches east of Lwow.
Berlin Announces Drive
While Moscow had not confirmed
this new offensive, Berlin usually
announces the unfolding of Russian
drives ahead of Moscow. Zhukov's
troops are on the southern flank of
Merahal K. K. Rokossovsky's First
White Russian Front Armies which
have taken Kowel, only 170 miles
southeast of Warsaw, and which also
are only 45 miles southeast of Brest
Litovsk, Bug River stronghold cap-
tured by the Germans in the first
few hours of their 1941 war against
Rokossdvky's troops and those of
Gen. Ivan D. Cherniakhovsky's
Third White Russian Front swept
through approximately 740 towns
and villages during the day, said the
communique broadcast by Moscow
and recorded by the Soviet Monitor.
No Report on Baltic Army
The progress of Marshal Ivan
Bagramian's First Baltic Army,
hammering only a few miles from
the Latvian border, was not given in
Premier Stalin announced the
capture of Baranowicze, which is 120
miles northeast of Brest Litovsk and
about the same distance east of
Bialystok, fortresses guarding the
approaches to Warsaw.
FDT, De Gaulle
WASHINGTON, July 8-(AP)-
General Charles De Gaulle and Pres-
ident Roosevelt concluded their talks
on French-American relations today
in a conference understood to have
been marked by cordiality and friend-
British Kept Informed
The British have been kept in-
formed of the conversations as they
progressed, it was reported in diplo-
matic quarters. The ultimate result
of the meetings, therefore, may be a
three-way accord among the United
States, Britain and the French com-,
mittee of National Liberation on spe-
cific problems involved in civil rule
for liberated areas of France.
The British and French last week
finished drafting a master formula.
The talks of Mr. Roosevelt and Gen-
eral De Gaulle are understood to have
cleared the way for American action
on it, p6ssibly with some modifica-
Fotitch Tosses Firecracker
While harmony thus prevailed in
one section of diplomatic Washing-
ton, Ambassador Constantine Fotitch
of Yugoslavia tossed a verbal "fire-
cracker into another section. At a
noon press conference Fotitch an-
nounced that he would not recognize
the new Yugoslav Guerrilla leader,
Marshall Josip Broz (Tito).
. ..Undersecretary of War will
visit Ann Arbor.
* * *
Army Men To March
In Largest Graduation
Undersecretary of War Robert P.
Patterson will address the graduates
of the Judge Advocate General
School at 11 p.m. Tuesday in Rack-
ham Auditorium as the main speaker
in the largest graduation in the two
year history of the school.
Included on the two day program
will be a review parade of approxi-
mately 1,000 Army men stationed at
the University at 5 p.m. Monday at
Ferry Field. This will be the first
time all the troops in this area have
Cramer To Review Parade
The parade will be reviewed by
Maj.-Gen. Myron C. Cramer, the
Judge Advocate General of the Army.
Co. A, Co. B, Co. 0 and the members
of the JAG school will take part in
the parade. Newly-formed Co. C and
Co. D now on furlough will be unable
to participate as they were not here
for rehearsals. The 40 piece Navy
band will supply the music.
Patterson will fly to Ann Arbor
Tuesday morning. Among the men
who will accompany himi on his plane
are his aid, Maj. Wilbur M. Leaf,
Howard C. Peterson, Col. Phillip J.
McCook, JAGD, and Col. Hugh C.
Col. Alton Hosch JAGD former
dean of the University o Georgia
Law School, will accompany Gen.
Cramer, who will arrive Monday
Gen. Aurand To Fly Here
Maj.-Gen. Henry S. Aurand will
fly here from Chicago Monday night
in order to attend the exercises Tues-
The 134 men in the Sixth Officer
Candidate Class will be commis-
sioned as second lieutenants at the
See PATERSON, Page 7
At Meeting in
BRETTON WOODS NH., July 8
-(AP)--The U~nited Nations mone-
tary conference ended its first full
week of deliberations today with a
feeling of optimism that agreement
would be reached on a currency sta-
bilization fund and an international
Although nothing has been an-
nounced officially concerning the
major points at issue--principally the
quotas and gold subscriptions to the
fund-several conferees inforn~ally
expressed the opinion that no ob-
stacle as too great for the confer-
ence to hurdle.
Quota Not Yet Discussed
The quota question has not yet
been put before the conference, but
there have been informal discussions
among several of the larger delega-
tions-the United States, Great Brit-
ain and Russia especially-and now
Could Extend War
Chiefs of Staff Say
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 8-The joint
Chiefs of Staff asserted tonight that
Donald M. Nelson's program to per-
mit limited manufacture of civilian
goods might so hamper war produc-
tion as to necesitate "Revision in
strategic plans which could prolong
In a letter to the WPB Chairman,
who proposed to ease aluminum and
other controls where machines and
men are idle, the joint navy and army
chiefs declared that the issuance of
orders "which will affect our ability
to produce war materials is not con-
sistent with the all-out prosecution
of the war."
Contrary Statements Issued
The letter, made public by a naval
representative of the joint chiefs,
came in the wake of directly contrary
statements by the chairmen of the
Truman Senate Committee investi-
gating National Defense and the Sen-
ate Small Business Committee.
The statement by Senator Truman
(D-Mo.) called for an immediate
start on the civilian goods program,
and accused the Army and Navy of
cpposing it in order to "create a
surplus of manpower" which could
force jobless workers into "occupa-
tions or areas in which there is still
a manpower shortage."
Nelson Convalescing .
The already tense situation height-
ened into a full-blown intra-govern-
mental row with these exchanges.
The center of -the storm, Nelson, lay
abed convalescing from pneumonia
and his subordinates in WPB con-
tinued to withhold action on his
His associates, however, expressed
confidence the blast from the joint
chiefs would not shake Nelson's in-
tention to issue the necessary orders.
It is within WPB's province to de-
termine what will affect arms pro-
duction, they said, and by previous
statements Nelson has made it clear
the projected orders would not, as
the joint chiefs contended, "affect
our ability to produce war ma-
"The Joint Chiefs of Staff under-
stand that the War Production Board
is now giving consideration to the is-
suance of certain orders which have
as their objective a relaxation in the
controls now in effect over non-
essential military production," the
"It is further understood that the
chairman of the war manpower com-
mission believes that the issuance of
these orders will make the task of
providing adequate manpower for
our war production much more diffi-
cult if not impossible.
"We are disturbed over the exist-
ing lag in war production, which if it
continues may necessitate revision in
strategic plans which could prolong
"In view of the major offensive
operations under way on every front
it is essential at this time that there
be no relaxation in war production.
On Saipan Is Unequaled
By The Associated Press
The long expected Japanese coun-
terattack on Saipan Island came
with sudden ferocity on a scale sur-
passing any previous assault of its
kind in the central and western Paci-
It was hurled back with heavy cas-
ualties to both sides, Adm. Chester
W. Nimitz reported yesterday as other
Allied communiques told of the re-
capture of Liling in southeastern
China, the slaughter of 11,000 Japa-
nese in four months of fighting in
eastern India, and the bombing of
five cities in Friday's Superfortress
raid on Japan and enemy-held parts
Planes Support Attack
Artillery and planes supported the
Japanese Banzai attack on Saipan.
Thousands of Nipponese soldiers
charged the American western flank
at dawn Thursday and advanced in
bloody close combat until halted
shortly before noon on the outskirts
of Tanapag town.
At the end of the battle the Japa-
nese were back where they started,
cooped in on the northern tip of the
island. An estimated 1,500 were kill-
ed in the futile assault, bringing
to about 10,400 the known Japanese
dead on Saipan, or more than half
the estimated original garrison. Hun-
dreds, perhaps thousands, of other
Nipponese dead have not been count-
American ground troops suffered
"numerous casualties" in repulsing
the counterattack, Nimitz indicated.
A savage Chinese counterattack in
southeast China was successful and
they captured Liling, Japanese
stronghold north of the strategic rail-
way junction city of Hengyang.
Rumors in Chungking said the
Japanese were preparing to with-
draw from Hengyang, and were tak-
ing troops from China because Rus-
sian forces were massing on the Man-
Local E-Bond Drive Short of Goal;
Fifth War Loan Goes over Top
Complete Reports Are
Still Not Available
WASHINGTON, July 8-(AP)-
America smashed over the top in the
16-billion-dollar Fifth War loan to-
day, said Secretary of the Treasury
Henry Morgenthau, announcing that
subscriptions have reached $16,650,-
000,000, and will soar much higher
when all returns are in.
The secretary said corporations
have subscribed $12,400,000,000 far
beyond their ten-billion-dollar goal,
and individual purchasers have sub-
This figure is only 71 per cent of
the individuals' quota of six billion,
but Morgenthau indicated that this
will be surpossed.
* * *
DETROIT, July 8-(AP)-The of-
ficial ending of the Fifth War Loan
drive arrived in Michigan tonight
with a spokesman for the State War
Finance Committee expressing be-
. lief bond sales did not reach either
the "over-all" or the "E" bond quotas.
Due to difficulties of tabulating
late sales pouring into the Federal
Reserve Bank, final figures are not
expected for several days.
However, the committee spokesman
estimated the figure might show the
midnight tonight are accounted for,
the total will fall only a few millions
short of the "over-all" quota of $526,-
With respect to "E" bonds, he
estimated the "gure night show the
state failed by "upwards of $70,000,-
000" to achieve its goal in sales.
The United States Treasury re-
cently announced all "E" bond sales
from June 1 to .July 31 would be
counted "as of the Fifth War Loan
drive" and Frank N. Isbey, chairman
of the Michigan War Finance Com-
mittee, today asked all volunteer
workers to continue their sales drive
until the quota for these personal
bond purchases was reached.
Bonds Already Counted
Nearing the close of the Fifth War
Loan Drive, Ann Arbor was only a
little more than two-thirds of the
way tomits$1,300,000 E Bond quota.
Full reports were not available
yesterday of the final figures at the
close of the drive.
Early reports yesterday showed that
the total E Bond sales in the city
were only $872,891. However, many
sales have not yet been reported and,
Gallants and other salesmen have
not yet completed their work. Also,
many buyers have not yet secured
It is still possible for Ann Arbor
to go up over the top of its goal with
the cooperation of those who have not
purchased their share in the drive.
E Bond buyers in Washtenaw
county have $1,457,987 towards their
quota of $1,490,000 and should be
able to more than fulfill the goal.
The purchases today for Washtenaw
County totalled $9,679,165, and the
county has gone far beyond its quota,
$9,105,000 for other types of bonds.
In Ann Arbor
With Top Military Men
Voting in the Tuesday primary will
be considerably lighter in Ann Arbor
this year than in previous years, and
the turnout is expected to drop as
low as 8,500 to 9,000, Fred Perry, city
clerk, estimated yesterday.
In previous years, the average num-
ber of ballots cast has been approxi-
mately 12,000, he said, but there is
"less interest" in this primary.
County Vote May Increase
More ballots will be cast through-
out the county this year, Miss Louellaj
Smith, county clerk, predicted. The
turnout is "very hard to estimate"
she said, "because of the great influx
of people into Washtenaw County.
especially in the Ypsilanti area.
"There has been quite an increase
in registration," Miss Smith com-
mented, "and we expect a great in-
crease in number of ballots cast this
fall." She emphasized that it was
impossible to make any estimations
because a large percentage of those
registered may not cast their ballots.
Results of the city voting will be
known early Tuesday night as Ann
Arbor has the only voting machines
in the county and some of the few
in the state, Miss Smith said. Out-
county scores will be coming in
throughout the night.
'Tuesdlay's nrimary slate inles
By the Associated Press
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS AL-
LIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE,
July 10, Sunday-A violent battle
unequalled since D-Day raged for
Caen last night with the British
fighting into the northeast outskirts
of the big river port barring the
road to Paris. Parts of the enemy
garrison were fleeing the doomed city
before an earth-shaking bombard-
ment of artillery and naval guns.
(The German Transocean News
Agency was here broadcasting a re-
port from headquarters of the new
Normandy commander, Field Mar-
shal Guenther von Kluge, saying the .
high command probably would "shor-
ten its front" by moving back its
lines at Caen.)
Yanks Strike Southward
As the British loosed their biggest.
offensive, aimed at the heart of
France, before dawn along a seven-
mile front, U.S. troops fought out of
the forests and bogs at the base of
Cherbourg Peninsula and launched
three blows southward which jeo-
pardized all German positions on the
western end of the front.
The enemy's central front anchor
of St. Jean De Daye had been swept
up in the whirlwind of attack, and
the night supreme headquarters
communique indicated the same fate
was near for the coastal strongpoint
of La Haye du Puits, where patrols
fought in the streets and doughboys
seized all commanding heights.
Stunned by the terrific bombard-
ment from thousands of guns and
wave upon wave of bombers, out-
generaled by an attack from the
northeast when he looked for a blow
from the northwest, Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel seemed unable to
react with his usual violence at Caen.
After the British had swept up nine
towns guarding the northern ap-
proaches to the city, Rommel began
drawing on his stock of 1,500 tanks
massed in that sector.
Probably 20 of them were knocked
out, front line dispatches said, as
Rommel hurled them into the tor-
nado of fire with which Gen., Sir
Bernard L. Montgomery was ripping
a path through pillboxes and under-
Progress Called Good
"The battle has gone extremely
well," said a British staff officer.
"The Boche was apparently expect-
ing an attack more to the northwest
instead of straight down the Caen
canal with the result that our east
flank has made very rapid progress."
"The Damask Cheek," a new com-
edy written by John Van Druten and
Lloyd Morris, will be presented by the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
Department of Speech at 8:30 p.m.
Wednesday through Saturday at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Described as "an amusing frolic in
the family album," "The Damask
Cheek" will be the first in the series
of four outstanding plays and one
operetta to be presented in the six-
teenth summer season of the Michi-
gan Repertory Players.
Single tickets for the individual
plays and the operetta are now avail--
able at the box office of the Lydia
The scene of "The Damask Cheek"
is laid in New York in 1909 and tells
the story of a plain looking but lively
and interesting English girl of good
family who is visiting her American
Toll from Tennessee
Wreck Mounts to 33,
4 By The Associated Press
Belmont County Miners Still Trapped.. .
Hartford Mourns Circus Dead
BELLAIRE, O., July 8.-Picked workmen from Belmont County mines,
driving themselves relentlessly in hope of saving 66 miners entombed in
the burning Powhatan Mine, tonight watched two drills bore toward the
men-and prayed their calculations were correct. Bleary-eyed from loss
of sleep, the men atop Carpenter's Ridge said they hoped their nine-inch
drill would reach the tunnel containing the men-400 feet underground-
Virginia Chooses 24 Democratic Delegates ...
The south brought its total of Democratic national convention dele-
gates unpledged to any presidential aspirant to 176 yesterday when Vir-
ginia chose a 24-vote group to complete the convention's 1,176-vote dele-
* * *
Used Car Ceilings T Be 'Under Observation' .. .
WASHINGTON, July 8.-Price Administrator Chester Bowles has
agreed to put the used car price ceilings effective Monday "under observa-
HARTFORD, CONN., July 8-
(AP)-This sorrowing city today be-
gan burying its dead, many of them
children in small white caskets, who
perished in the flaming circus trage-
dy that took more than 150 lives.
special board of inquiry met in secret
Of those who died when the huge
main tent collapsed in flames, only
eleven were unidentified tonight.