THE MICT-1112' A1 I TV
iiir' r, v. _ .iiiiriJ f3_ 7 Odd
.341 13 ' TT1 elU Q Y I 1'!'
. r - )'
> - q
. . .l . .
Southern Economy Breeds Hatreds
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
By BERNARD ROSENBERG <
TES, it's a lovely world. Allied
armies are going places on every
front, and a new wave of optimism
has swept the country. But, I am
Somehow, the spectre of racism
continues to haunt me. This prob-
lem which needs so much attention
gets so little. We shove it away back
into our unconscious, thus forgetting
the first rule of modern psychology,
which is: repression causes explo-
These attempts to avoid the
matter, to cover up blemishes with
a salve of silence seem to substan-
tiate George Santayana's re-
mark made in Rome a few weeks
ago. Said the recluse philosopher,
"The universe is an equilibrium of
I submit it is a species of idiocy
to hush up an underlying source of
social injustice such as this one.
Westbrook Pegler, The Voice of Re-
action maintains that crusading
publications like PM cause race trou-
ble by pointing to it. Pegler himself
devotes his columns to tirades
against labor unions and strikes. He
does this with such gross misrepre-
sentation that the honest Chicago
Daily News dropped him not long
ago. But for the moment that is
irrelevant. The important point is
that, as Phillip Wylie observes, by
his own definition, Pegler brings
about strikes. This kind of nonsense
is not confined to the purveyors of
flapdoodle. So-called liberals keep
invoking the holy shibboleth of "na-
tional unity" to prevent discussion
and subvert action along these lines.
Let it be said in unmistakable '
terms: THERE CAN 'BE ABSO-
LUTELY NO UNITY BETWEEN
BIGOTS AND DEMOCRATS. I
would sooner unite with a boa-
constrictor than with a practi-
tioner of hate. The bigot and the
Jane Farrant . . . . Managing Editor
Betty Ann Koffman . . . Editorial Director
Stan Wallace . . . City Editor
Hank antho . . . . . Sports Editor
Peg Weiss . . . . . Women's Editor
Lee Amer . . . . . Business Manager
e1REBTEfNTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTihW ti B'Y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CnICAGo BostON "Los ANG ELS *°SA FRANCISCO
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by cdar.
rer, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: KATHIE SHARFMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The waily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Small Bonds Lag
WASHTENAW County exceeded its total quota
of bonds in the Fifth War Loan Drive
Thursday, and in Michigan and throughout the
nation a last minute spurt promised fulfillment
of the 16 billion dollar goal.
-Blt an analysis of the statistics throws a
les favorable light I n apparently good results
of the national effort to finance the war and
In Washtenaw County corporations and banks
exceeded their quota of bonds and were the
main instrument in putting over the 'drive. In
An Arbor sales to an additional group, indi-
vidual buyers of big bonds, accounted for a good
proportion of the total quota. Bit in the coun-
ty, ,and especially in the city, sales of Series E
Bonds, the bonds intended for small investors,
have lagged consistently.
Sales of Series E Bonds have a double im--
portance. These small denomination bonds
'ie relied Upoi b'y the Trieasuiry to h'elp drain
away excess purchasing power in the hands
of consumers-the so-called dangerous dol-
atis, which may be us'd to bid for scarce con-
suiner goods and pose a serious threat to
maintenance of price ceilings.
Sales of Series E Bonds also provide a means
of financing the costs of War from savings or
current income rather than from the creation
of new credit sources. When bonds are bought
by banks,'new dollars are created just as if the
government had printed fiat money, and this
addition to our currency inevitably leads to
some measure of inflation.
Series E Bonds, because they obviate the ne-
cessity of creating new dollars and because they
remove the "dangerous dollars" from consum-
er's pockets, play the leading role in determina-
tion of the success of every War Loan. Even
though total quotas are oversubscribed, the
drive cannot truly be called a success unless the
sub-quota of Series E Bonds is met.
The government is therefore asking each
individual to buy more and extra E Bonds and
to buy until a real sacrifice is made.
FREE enterprise has always been a key word
in American econorny and history but re-
cent decades have shown how a group of "eco-
nomic royalists" working through the National
Association of Manufacturers are seeking to re-
strict that theory to their own corporations,
monopolies and other concentrated companies.
The latest "free enterprise" campaign, organ-
ized by a subsidiary of the NAM ,the National
Industrial Information Committee, was started
in 1942. Some of its effectiveness was shown
by Congressional actions this spring.
A minority in the NAM wanted winning the
War to be the first emphasis of the associa-
tion. But this group was defeated and in-
stead the present campaign was mapped out:
reduce taxes on corporations and increase
them on the lower brackets, destroy the bar-
gaining rights of unions and fight against
anv atents to extend social legislature. The
-i Jc swi = r, r me
._. ..,-.. ... .. a. J - --r_.....
"' , .
r .- - "." R..
r. .. A
WITH THE AEF:
FO xhole Taxi Service
Getting Closer to the Bul is E.ye!
D RATHER BE RIGHT:
A merica 's Frowsy Thinking
By KENNETYI L. DIXON1
1 ITH THE AEF IN ITALY, (P)-It
was a thousand yards up a
creek and the litter bearers had to
wade all the way, but the pals of
Pfc. George Kulph of Detroit, Mich.,
had sent word for them to hurry.
A big mortar shell had landed next
to George and when his sidekicks
gathered around in sadness there
was only silence from George's fox-
So the litter bearers came, hope-
lessly loaded George on the stretcher
and trudged the long splashing way
back down the creek to the aid sta-
At this point George, who had
merely been knocked unconscious.
came to, coughed, got off the lit-
ter, said, "Thanks for the ride,
boys," and started back up to his
What the medicos said you could
not print on asbestos paper.
THE prisoner kept pointing at the
house which still was in enemy
hands and trying to say something.
Finally Maj. Gen. Fred Walker, 36th
Division commander, got the idea.
The German was saying that some
of his comrades were in the house
and if the Americans would let him
go he'd talk them into surrendering.
To everybody's consternation the
general nodded approval and the
prisoner scurried toward the house
which was surrounded on three
sides by doughboys. Other officers
looked at each other with raised
eyebrows but the general just
grinned. In a moment the prison-
er returned, leading 12 other Ger-
Then the general explained. He
was pretty sure the prisoner was
scared enough to be sincere and be-
sides, it didn't make any difference
anyway. When he okayed the request
he'd just received word that company
blank had moved in on the fourth
side of the house.
With that detail in mind the gen-
eral explained he figured the prison-
er wasn't going anywhere no matter
how insincere he might have been.
Pfc. Edward J. Beckham of Fall
River, 'Mass., is a man Who goes
about his work in a business-like
manner. He dislikes to be inter-
At the moment his business con-
sisted of putting his hand to a ma-
chine gun and mowing down the
waves of Germans who were staging
something of a counter attack.
Finally one of the Jerries man-
aged to get close enough to heave
a grenade at Edward. It lit beside
him, upset his machine gun and
momentarily stunried him. But
he was more irritated than
stunned, and guessing what the
Germans would do next, he un-
holstered his .45 and waited.
Presently the German sent to re-
connoiter stuck his head over the
ridge. Edward triggered the .45 just
one time. After all, there was only
That business taken care of, he
set up the machine gun again and
went back to the matter of mowing
democrat have no common enem-
ies, for they are deadly enemies of
It is a mistake to personify the
situation, of course. We must as-
suredly go beyond individuals to
casual conditions. Negroes are not
being oppressed because Senator Bil-
bo is a bigot; Senator lilbo is a
bigot because Negroes are being op-
pressed. It cannot be repeated too
often that environment factors are
pre-existent to states of mind. This
being true, it is useless and hopeless
to argue with people who traffic in
discrimination against colored peo-
SOUTHERNERS oftentimes tell us
that Negroes are too dull-witted
to be educated. Actually, it is the
white man who will not learn. An
infant mind can grasp the fact that
Senator Eastland is identifying him-
self with the blind stupidity of the
people who elect him when he as-
serts that, "the white race is a
superior race and that the black
race is an inferior race." Which of
you is gullible enough to believe
that if we showered all the anthro-
pological data in the world on Sena-
tor Eastland he would be convinced
of the truth?
Contrariwise, I know of no edu-
cuated Negro who has disgraced his
race. He thirsts for the knowledge
open to and abused by the Eastlands.
There is as much use in trying to
undeceive the gentlemen from'Missi-
ssippi as there is in trying to per-
suade aslunatic that he is not Na-
poleon. We are wrong if we scorn
the Southern Bloc and let it go at
that. The blame is not theirs alone
-or even in the main. They are the
end products of an iniquitous plan-
tation plutocracy which once rode
roughshod over the people on the
basis of a slave economy. This last
is technically gone, but the South
remains agrarian in a country
geared to big industry. Everywhere,
those areas are the most primitive
in which agriculture and not indus-
Let the statesman, if any can
be found in Congress, attack the
problem from this angle. North-
erners have been guilty of con-
nivance to keep the South de-
pressed. Discriminatory freight
rates south of the Mason-Dixon
Line still obtain. Begin by
abolishing them. Elevate the po-
sition of Southern Whites who are
generally considered as trashy as
Southern Blacks-and a step will
have been taken with the seven
league boots of democracy in the.
direction of lessening race diffi-
Let us talk about these by all
means, and loudly, but let us then
By SAMUiEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, July 7-American public opinion
on the Bretton Woods monetary conference is
ill-informed, unkempt, and sort of frowzy. A
good number of American commentators are
amusing themselves by turning a kind of stupid
leer upon this meeting. Some, of them don't
quite know what it is all about, so they seize
tpon one or two key figures, such as the fact
that America is supposed to contribute $2,250,-
000,000 to the world stabilization fund, while
Britain will contribute only $1,500,000,000; and
they use this meager data to prove that we are
"giving too much"; that we are being "taken."
Don't We Want to be Big?
Such comments are ignorant provincialisms.
The eight-billion-dollar stabilization fund will
be the greatest financial instrument in the
World. From the national point of view, the
real danger is that we might have too small a
place in its councils, too small a share in its
work, too scanty a vote in its affairs.
The fact that the tentative quotas recog-
nize America's dominat position in world fi-
nance is, actually, matter for national jubila-
Would we want to be smaller than we are?
What would we gain if we "got away': with a
, contribution as tiny as, say, tcuador's, and with
a correspondingly tiny legal and moral power.
over the affairs of the fund? Who would
we be foxing, except ourselves?
Shall We beny Our Size?
Those who believe we are being "trimmed"
because we are making an investment in pro-,
portion with our size and our interest in world
trade, will have to explain why it is that Russia
(according to some reports) has suddenly come
forward with a request that she be allowed to
put more into the fund than the $1,000,000,000
tentatively assigned to her. Russia seeks a larg-
er place in the world picture, while some Ameri-
cans deliberately seek a smaller one. And our
isolationists always tell us that we must learn
to speak out boldly for ourselves, like Russia!
EN the opportunity arrives, all they can
seem to manage is a frightened mmh-
mmh!, a numb shaking of the head, and a sui-
cidal wish to be smaller than we are, to deny
There is, however, some opposition to the
Bretton Woods plan which is not quite in this
Roosevelt's Shadow at Bretton Woods
American financial circles, by and large, take
a dim approach to Britain's plans for full em-
ployment after the war, to be maintained, if
necessary, by large-scale public works. This
seems to them to threaten a spread of the no-
tion that government is responsible for the se-
curity of its people. They are not charmed by
the thought that American funds might, in ef-
fect, be borrowed, through the fund, to sup-
port such activity; even though the British pro-
gram can make her a splendid customer for us.
The fact that Lord Keynes, head of the British
delegation, is a known believer in the use of
government resources to fight unemploymuent,
makes them brood. So, in a sense, conservative
American opinion is fighting Roosevelt at Bret-
ton Woods, projecting a domestic argument on
to the international scene.
* * *
This Queer mixture of motives puts Amer-
ica in the unhappy position of being the
only country in the world in which public
opinion is being mobilized against the world
stabilization fund. This is where we pay off
on our fine talk about internationalism. Is it
just talk? Does it fade to a gurgle, when the
time comes to put a dollar down? Would we
rather lick Roosevelt than win the peace?
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
Dewey and the Tariff..
One of the first statements attributed to the
Republican presidential candidate was that her
favors the reciprocal trade agreements which
the Secretary of State strongly supports. If he
really does so, he has adopted a position direct-
ly contrary to that of the Republican platform.
The tariff plank adopted by the convention spe-
cifically calls for the ratification of trade treat-
ies by Congress. The heart of the Hull plan is
that it delegates to the State Department the
power to make tariff agreements without con-
There is more involved here than a difference
between the promise of the candidate and the
platform which he is pledged to support. One
of Mr. Dewey's chief bids for public favor is that
whereas there is a feud between President
Roosevelt and Congress, he will introduce har-
Mony into the government and end "one-man
rule." But the Republican members of Con-
gress have fought the administration on this
very issue, and are bent upon recovering the
tariff-making power. Mr. Dewey is therefore in
a real dilemma; either he must abandon th
Hull plan, which is the only practical method
of bringing about reasonable tariff reduction,
or he must fight his own party, both in afid out
--The New Republic.
Herbert Hoover is a poor politician and has
never been popular since the great depression.
In our opinion, however, he has always been
better than his party, and is to be blamed not
so much for personal deficiencies as for the
faults of the interests and the order which he
has seen fit to represent. All this holds true of
his valedictory speech, delivered to the Repub-
lican National Convention. The substance of
what he said about future international organ-
ization was much better than the platform
adopted by the convention. Whereas the plat-
form dealt in generalities which might be good
or bad according to how they are interpreted,
Mr. Hoover was specific, and his .recommenda-
tions are, in our opinion, good as far as they
-The New Republic.
SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 4-S
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session, in typewritten form
by '3:30 p. m. of the day preceding its
publication, except on Saturday when
the notices should be submitted by
11:30 a. in.
To all Male Students in the. College
of Literature, Science and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from
taking the course by (1) The Uni-
versity Health Service, (2) The Dean
of the College or by his representa-
tive, (3) The Director of Physical
Education and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Summer Term.
The Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
Hours for University, women during
the summer are 11 o'clock every
night except Friday and Saturday
when they have 12:30 permission.
Each girl should sign out on the
sign-out sheet if she is going to be
out of the house after 7:30 at night
and sign in when she returns. There
will be a compulsory meeting of all
house presidents at 4:30, Monday,
July 10, in the Michigan League. Any
house not represented will be subject
to a fine.
State of Michigan Civil Service
announcements for Occupational
Therapist have been received in our
office. For complete details stop in
at 201 Mason Hall. Bureau of Ap-
State of Connecticut Personnel De-
partment, State Capitol, Hartford,
announcement for Medical Social
Worker. Must be Citizen of United
States. For further details stop in at
201 Mason Hall. Bureau of Appoint-
City of Detroit Civil Service An-
nouncements for Laundry Supervisor,
Forestry Helper, and Power Plant
Helper, have been received in our
office. For complete details stop in
at 201 Mason Hall. Bureau of Ap-
The United Skates Civil Service
Commission gives notice that the
closing date for acceptance of appli-
cations for Junior Professional Assis-
tant, $2,433 a year, will be July 14',
1944. Applications must be filed with
the United States Civil Service Com-
mission, Washington, 25, D3.C., not
later than that date. Bureau of Ap-
University Men's Glee Club: All
men, including men in service, are
invited to join.
Rehearsals and Campus Sings-
Mondays, 7 to 9 p.m., Third Floor,
A fine library of music is available,
and a real recreational experience
'Civ oDetrnit Civuil S ev Arn-
their election blanks by the close of
the third week, even though they
have registered and have attended
classes unofficially will forfeit their
privilege of continuing in the College.
Registration: The University Bur-
eau of Appointments and Occupa-
tional Information will hold its an-
nual summer registration for all
those wishing to register for perma-
nent positions in both the Teaching
and General Divisions of the Bureau.
Those desiring to register for the
first time as well as those wishing
to bring their records up-to-date are
urged to be present.
The time: Wednesday, July 12, at
The place: 205 Mason Hall.
If you want your Directory to come
out on time-then come out for it.
Any spare hours in the afternoon
that you can spend down at the 'En-
sian office (in the Publications Bldg.)
working on the Directory will :be
appreciated by one and all, will offer
you valuable experience in a top stu-
dent activity-and will see to it that
lhe 1944 Summer Directory appears
for sale as soon as we all want it to,
July 11, Professor Preston W. S1os-
son, "Interpreting the News," 4:10
p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
On Wednesday at 8 p.m. Dr. Raul
Olivera of Cuba will speak on "Cuba
Leads the Way." The lecture will be
in Kellogg Auditorium under the
auspices of the Latin-American Soci-
ety and the International Center.
July 13, Professor S. C. Chu, "The,
Impact of Other Races upon the
Course of Chinese History," 4:10 p.m.,
By Crockett Johnson
See what loyal friends your A-a-a-CHO! ... Jones is the name-
f Fairv Godfather has. Barnaby? I A-a-thoo!.. . - Cauot n habastl old I
So 1came up-A-a-choo!]
CR C KE
I i t * - Il