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August 16, 1944 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1944-08-16

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1III MlMl .9XX-- IL


_____________________________________________________________________________________________ U ______________________________ U

Invaders Push
North ...
(Continued from Page 1)


ROOSEVELT VISITS KODIAK-President Roosevelt and his party
embark for fishing grounds, during the chief executive's visit to Kodiak,
Alaska. The president inspected military facilities there during his
Pacific tour and took time out for fishing in one of Kodiak's streams.
'New Landing Is Important in
Annihilation of German Army'

The Allied landing in southern
France is the most important step
in the annihilation of German arm-
ies in the west, Prof. Preston W.
Slosson explained in his talk yester-
day at the Rackham Amphitheatre.
"The new landing is part of the
same overall invasion plan, but the
main reason for its delay was be-
cause the first move in northern
France has succeeded beyond all ex-
pectations, and we wanted totake
the time to exploit the success of the
first invasion. We did not wait too
long," Prof. Slosson stated.
Invasion Advantageous
The new step is an advantageous
one in spite of the mountainous ter-
ritory in the south, because German
fortifications are on a smaller scale
there than those in the north of
France, he said. When we entered
North Africa two years ago, Germany
started occupying lower France in
order to build defenses along the
southern coast. Fortifications in the
north were started at the beginning
of the war and have continued being
reinforced throughout the four years.
In view of the weak defenses there,
Coaches . ..
(Continued from Page 1)
Watson and Ralph Schwarzkopf,
both Wolverine cinder greats. He
served as freshman coach until the
war and has since worked as assist-
ant to Doherty.
Of the three, only Stackhouse ex-
pressed a desire to stay in the coach-
ing game although he has a pros-
perous building business. Courtright
is taking a job in Ann Arbor as a
life insurance salesman while Low-
rey will remain in the city as a con-
tract estimator until after the war
when he plans to find a job manag-
ing an ice rink.
Although Athletic Director H. O.
Crisler could not be reached at his
summer retreat at Bemidji, Minn.,
for comment, it is understood that
hockey will be .dropped from the
athletic program at least for the
duration. Successors to Courtright
and Stackhouse have not been nam-
ed, although it is rumored that Jim
Galles, veteran Wolverine wrestler,
has been approached as a temporary
mentor. Stackhouse said that he
didn't think he would be replaced
until after the war.
140,000 Nazis
Die in Ukraine
LONDON, Aug. 15-()-A special
Soviet announcement said tonight
that 140,000 Germans were killed on
Marshal Ivan Konev's first Ukranian
front between July 13 and Aug. 13.
Text of the special announcement
of the Soviet Information Bureau:
"Troops of the first Ukranian front
under the command of Marshal Ko-
nev inflicted the following losses on
the enemy from July 13 to Aug. 12.
"Killed and prisoners, 172,360, of
which 140,000 were killed.
"Aircraft destroyed or captured
Meeting of Sphinx
To Be Held Today
A meeting of Sphinx will be held
at 7 p.m. today in the lounge of West
Quadrangle, Hank Mantho, presi-
dent, announced.
The social committee of the junior
honorary society is planning an all
day affair for Saturday at Saline
Valley Farm. Invitations were ex-
tended to all former Sphinx mem-

the southern coast should be a rela-
tively easy gain, Slosson indicated.
There are several possible moves
which may take place now, he said.
The most plausible one will be a push
up the Rhone valley; however, if the
Germans have large armies there, it
might not be attempted. From the
Rhone valley, a junction in the vi-
cinity of Tours can be made with
advancing armies from the north.
If this were accomplished, practically
all of France west of Paris would be
in our hands, he stated.
Guerrillas Will Help
Prof. Slosson pointed out that an-
other advantage of the southern
landing is that French guerrilla arm-
ies are in hiding in this region. With-
in a few days' time, he predicted, the
French will make contact with our
forces, cutting off the Germans from
the coast.
A less likely possibility might be an
advance by the American Armies
east to Genoa, and a reciprocal move
north by troops from Florence.
Other Landings Possible
"What has been done twice can be
done three times," Prof. Slosson stat-
ed in regard to subsequent landing
possibilities in France. "It is possible
that we may land near Bordeaux, on
the other side of Marseilles, or on the
northwest coast of Italy. There are
many possibilities, and it is apparent
that we have reached that point in
the war where we can do anything
at will. We have made many landings
on enemy territory and not in any
case have we been shaken off again.
Germany is totally unable to stop
us," he said.
On the Russian front, Slosson
noted that the Red armies are very
near the second greatest munitions
manufacturing area in Germany-
Krakow and Breslau.
- "When the Russians reach this
area, it will be the decisive factor in
their whole campaign."
"Our decisive blow will be on the
lower Rhine. Then Germany will
collapse in the west, while Russia will
have taken her from the east. The
European war is now entering its
decisive and final stage. Within the
next three months we mnay see the
end of the war," Prof. Slosson pre-
Old Age Load
Will Continue
To Decrease
LANSING, Aug. 15-(P)-Michi-
gan's old age assistance case load is
expected to continue to drop even
lower than the 2,500 decline exper-
ienced in the past year, F. F. Fauri,
state social welfare director, assert-
ed today.
With 85,485 cases of old age as-
sistance listed currently, compared
with 87,983 a year ago, Fauri declared
"the trend is still downward and it
doesn't look like we have reached the
bottom yet. We are closing cases
faster than we are opening new ones,
which is remarkable because the
number of employable persons on
the rolls has been pretty well combed
Death Closes Cases
Fauri said 7,597 old age assistance
cases were closed during the year
because of death, with 4,232 resulting
in the past six months and 3,365 in
the preceding six months. Fauri
said that heavy withdrawals from
the rolls to accept employment left
a greater percentage of infirm per-
sons on the rolls and increased the
ratio ofrdeaths in the last half year.
He reported that 1,698 persons
were dropped from old age assist-
ance rolls in the year because they
got full-time jobs, while another 523
were closed because a spouse obtained
amnnmnt Narlv 1.100fase wr

prise of the main seaborne landings
which followed.
Biggest Naval Force
Backed by more than 800 warships
of all sorts-the greatest naval force
ever assembled in the Mediterranean
-the first seaborne troops went.
ashore in broad daylight at 7:30 a. m.
(1:30 a. in., EWT)., at several un-
identified points between Marseille
and Nice-A 125-mile stretch of
rocky coast.
Heavy aerial bombardment preced-
ed the invasion in a final installment
of the aerial softening-up process
that had been in progress forthree
One Allied pilot, acting as a naval
artillery observer, said he had flown
60 miles inland without seeing any
big concentration of German troops.
The Germans apparently already
had been forced to pull a large part
of their troopsenorthward to meet the
threat of Gen. Eisenhower, even
though they themselves had been
predicting the Mediterranean land-
ings for more than a week.
Jerries Completely Surprised
Allied Headquarters said only that
the landings had been made success-
fully "along a considerable part of
the coast between Nice and Mar-
seille." The German radio report-
ed that the focal point of the inva-
sion was around St. Raphael, 16
miles by air west of Cannes, famous
peacetime pleasure -resort, and told
of another landing at Bormes, 25
miles east of Toulon.
In the last coastal bombings, the
planes used small bombs designed
to destroy whatever German troops
and guns remained, without creating
craters large enough to impede the
thrust inland.
That it was not impeded was indi-
cated by a field dispatch from Her-
bert L. Matthews of the New York
Times, representing the Combined
American Press, who wrote tonight:
"A flabbergasted American army
numbering many thousands is well
into Southern France this afternoon
and going fast. It has been done
virtually without opposition and with
amazingly small casualties.
"The Jerries were caught com-
pletely by surprise, and what few
there were waiting for us have been
scattered or captured."
For the present, at least, the
Southern front remained under Wil-
son's supreme command, independent
of Gen. Eisenhower's in the north-
west. The designation and conposi-
tion of the invading armies remained
military secrets. Its commander also
was not identified.
U Band Will
Present Outdoor
Concert Sunday
Opening with "The Star Spangled
Banner," the University summer ses-
sion band will present an outdoor
concert at 7:30 p. m. Sunday on the
steps of the Rackham Building.
Prof. William D. Revelli will con-
duct the band with the assistance of
two guest conductors. Leonard Mar-
etta will lead "On the Hudson" by
Goldman, and Morton Gould's "Child
Prodigy" will be conducted by Wil-
liam Fitch. Miss Helen Francis wil
be soloist.
Among the program selections wi
be "El Caballero," "Footlighter" an
the march from "Sari" as well as
symphonic and modern band music
In case of inclement weather, the
concert will be played in Hill Audi-
String Class To
Give Concert

Members of Prof. Gilbert Ross's
class in string quartet music will
present a concert of Mozart, Beetho-
ven and Schubert selections at 8:3(
p. m. Tuesday in the Lydia Mendel-
Taking part in the opening num-
ber, Mozart's "Quartet in B flat ma-
jor" will be Elizabeth Ivanoff, violin;
Arlene Burt, violinist; Mildred Gwin,
Viola and Dorothy Jarvinen, cello.
Beethoven's "Quartet in M major'
will be played by Nina Goehring, vi-
olin; Mary Katherine Harris, violin;
Lois Parker, viola and Miss Jar-
vinen. The "Quartet in A minor"
by Schubert will be given by Ber-
nard Lee Mason, violin; Michael
Franko, violin; Ingyr Marie Lien, vi-
ola and Miss Jarvinen.
State Claims Land
For Public Use
LANSING, Aug. 15.-{P)-A Go-
gebic County circuit court jury's de-
cision condemning 4,747 acres o
land of the Connor Lumber Com-
pany in the proposed Porcupine
Mountain "forest museum" area was
hailed by Governor Kelly and the

Governor Kelly
Takes Trip to
Upper Michigan
By The Associated Press
LANSING, Aug. 15-Governor Kel-
ly headed into the Upper Peninsula
today for a combined campaign and
business trip, secure in the belief
that Thomas E. Dewey, the Repub-
lican presidential nominee, will make
a campaign appearance in Michigan.
Kelly will meet with Republican
county chairmen, candidates and
other party leaders at Marquette
Thursday, after addressing a Rotar-
ian convention in that city, and will
attend a state planning commission
conference at Houghton Friday.
Kelly announced that Dewey will
decide within 10 days the type of
visit he will make to Michigan, but
that he definitely will come. The
New York governor hopes to stop in
Owosso, his boyhood home, Kelly
It was not known whether Dewey
will make a campaign address in Mi-
chigan, but party leaders were re-
ported demanding that he do so. In
some of his recent trips, Dewey has
confined himself to closed organiza-
tional meetings.
Kelly and other state ticket nomi-
nees agreed to employ a campaign
managed for the state as a whole,
and one for the Upper Pninsua.
The manager will work under the
supervision of John Dethmers, Re-
publican state chairman and can-
didate for attorney general, Kelly
announced, as he and other leaders
dropped discussion of asking Deth-
mers to resign because he was a
Coal Officials
Predict Greater
Fuel Shortage
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15-(P)-
Government coal officials, predicting
a 6.000,000-ton shortage of domestic
an-_racite this winter compared with
5,000,000 last year, acknowledged to-
day failure in their efforts to cre-
ate emergency stocks of hard coal.
-Secretary of Interior Ickes, as Solid
Fuels Administrator, issued an order
limiting wholesale and retail anthra-
cite dealers to 87%/2 per cent of their
normal requirements, the same limi-
tation which applies to domestic con-
Until today, the dealers had been
permitted shipments up to 90 per
cent of their requirements. The mar-
gin of 2%/2 per cent was an attempt
to build up a small cushion of an-
thracite inventories, which for some
time have been virtually non-exist-
Actually production of domestic
sizes of anthracite is running only
86 per cent of normal requirements,
the solid fuels administration said,
Therefore, shipments to dealers have
been averaging 86 per cent, with a
few getting their full 90 per cent
maximum and others receiving down
to 70 per cent of their needs. Today's
order is supposed to spread the sup-
ply more equitably.
Crawford To Attend
V-12 Conference
1 Ivan C. Crawford, Dean of the
School of Engineering, will represeni
the University at a conference on the
future of the Navy's V-12 prograr
to be held in Washington, D. C.
- August 21, 22 and 23.
The conference has been called by
the Division of the Bureau of Nava.

Personnel of the USN to discuss the
future of the college programs. Dear
Crawford was instrumental in or-
ganizing the original Navy V-12 pro-
gram, now operating in many of the
nation's colleges.

Dr. Testa Tells Differences
In Americas' Legal Systems

"The legal systems of Latin Am-e
erica and the legal system of theI
United States are completely differ-V
ent," Dr. Enrique Testa from Chile
said in an interview yesterday.
He explained that in South Amer-r
ica they follow the written Roman
the United States' Anglo-Americanp
law system which is contrasted with
manager for the state as a whole,9
system, whose main principals is cus-
tim or jurisprudence.-
At the present time Dr. Testa isc
doing research in Inter-American law
under the direction of Prof. Hessel
E. Yntema, and is engaged in theZ
study of comparative legislation con-
cerning negotiable instruments and
in particular of the materials relat-
ing to provision, cause and considera-
tion in bills of exchange.
Names Three Systems
"In regard to the negotiable in-
strument there are three definite
systems and various eclectic systems.
These are the Casual Obligation or
French system, the abstract obliga-
tion or German system and the
Anglo-American system of considera-
tion," Dr. Testa stated.
He explained that the work similar
to what has been done here has been
the subject of many international
conferences. Among the most im-
portant of these conferences was one
at Antwerp in 1885, Brussels in 1888,
the Hague in 1910 and 1912 and fin-
ally, the most important of all, Gen-
eva in 1930.
"We are trying here to lay the
groundwork for future studies in
order that a continental codification
may be reached on legal subjects,"
he said. 6
Dr. Testa has had a book publish-
Two German
Captives Escape,
OWOSSO, MICH., Aug. 15-(P)-
Escape of two German prisoners of
war from the Ben Thruman farm,
one mile east of Bannister, Shiawas-
see County, sometime before 12:30
o'clock this afternoon was announc-
ed by Capt. Fred Wargowsky, area
commander, Lansing.
Captain Wargowsky said the two
prisoners, Werner Adam, 20, and
Elit Claassen, 20, were discovered
missing when the roll was cdlled fol-
lowing the lunch period. Claassen
1 was a second offender, having been
one of two men. who were helped to
escape from an Owosso canning
plant, according to the area com-
mander's office.
The German prisoners wore the
usual denim garb with big P and W
on the front and back.

ed entitled "Acciones Preferidas En
Las Sociedades Anonimas" dealing
with prefered stocks in corporations:
The book received a prize at the
University of Chile. He said that
he was very surprised when he found
it in the stacks of the Law Library
At the University of Chile, Dr.
Testa studied law in the Faculty of
Juridical and Social Science and did
post-graduate studies in the Seminar
of Commercial Law.
He has a five month old daughter
Sally Geraldine who was born after
Mr. and Mrs. Testa arrived in this
country and whom they named in
honor of the United States.
Dr. Test a Will
Talk on Chile
Final Spanish Lecture
In Series To Be Given
Dr. Enrique Testa will talk on
"How Chile Strengthens the Inter-
American Front" at 8 p. m. today at
the Kellogg Auditorium.
He will point out the political
trends in his native country with
emphasis on the development of the
Communist, Party, the introduction
of Nazism and the Popular Front
Party and will discuss Chile's position
as it fits into the Latin American
society of nations in the post-war
Dr. Testa will show how Chile is
by tradition democratic and will
touch on the influence of the nitrate
industr'y on Chilean economy.
This is the sixth and last in a ser-
ies of lectures sponsored by the Latin
America Society and the Interna-
tional Center and presented by out-
standing Latin Americans who are
working at the University.
Hillel Student Council To
Hold Important Meeting
The B'nai Brith Hillel student
council will meet at 7:30 p. m.. today
\in the lounge of the Hillel Founda-
tion. The meeting is most import-
ant, according to Joyce Siegan, secre-
tary, and all members are urged to

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