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July 30, 1944 - Image 7

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1944-07-30

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SUNDAY, JULY 30, 1944
Yanks Advance
Toward Titntan
In Marianas
Gurguan Point Airfield
Is Newest Prize Taken
From Retreating ,daps
By The Associated Press
(Via Navy Radio)-Pushing Japa-
nese garrison troops steadily back-
ward, a great weight of American
men and metal bore down today on
the town of Tinian, largest uncon-
quered, all-Japanese settlement in
the Marianas Islands.
The newest prize taken in the
steady Marine advance was Gur-
guan Point airfield, near the western
side at the widest bulge of the island.
It has a 5,060 foot runway. The Jap-
anese gave it up almost withoutl re-
In less than a week of fighting,
the same Marines who battled on
Saipan Island have captured almost
half of Tinian's 48 square miles at
an extremely low cost in casualties
and have shoved the enemy into the
gradually narrowing southern end of
the island.
Shelling Pulverizes Tinian
Tinian town lies directly ahead of
the Marines on the western coast,
the smokestacks of its shattered
sugar mill easily visible to front line
troops. Six weeks ago it was' a Jap-
anese city of 8,000. Daily bombing
by American planes and constant
shelling day and night by warships
and shore batteries have pulverized
The sweep down Tinian, with ar-
tillery, planes and tanks helping the
ground troops, has been the most
rapid of any in the Marianas cam-
paign, averaging a mile daily. Ma-
rines have buried almost one-third
of the estimated Japanese garrison.
The remainder of the Japanese are
now entrenching themselves on high
ground near the southern tip and
have nothing to look forward to ex-
cept dying-either in foxholes, dit-
ches and caves, or in some suicidal
counterattack such as they have
made on Saipan.
Yanks Trick Enemy
The operation that backed them
into their hopeless position began
July 24 when Rear Adm. Harry Wil-
bur Hill tricked the enemy com-
mander with a feint off Tinian town.
Then Hill sent Marines ashore on
two extremely narrow beaches tat
the opposite end of the island, al-
most directly across from Saipan and
within range of U. S. shore-based ar-
the landing on these beaches
would have been impossible except
for amphibious craft developed for
just such operations. One landing
beach was only 30 yards wide.
Branded for Popuarity


Allies Trap
Nazi Troops
In Normandy
Germans Routed by
U.S. Bombers, Tanks
NORMANDY, July 29-(AP)-Driv-
en like quail down the Cherbourg
peninsula, elements of seven Ger-
man divisions ran head-on today
into a 30-mile American armored:
line to the south which hurled them
back while U. S. Ninth Air Force:
fighter bombers cut their battle
strength with one of the most merci-
less assaults of the war.
That is a broad picture of the cli-
max of the greatest American bat-
tle victory in the invasion campaign
as viewed from a hill outside this
Four separate tank and infantry
engagements could be seen raging at
once. The weather was perfect for
observation under a sunny sky.
A 20-MM Anti-aircraft gun crew
found itself within a hundred yards
of a Panther tank in an open wheat
field near Notre Dame.
"We could not do anything against
a tank that big and all we could do
was lay here in the wheat and pray,"
Col. Homer L. Cothran, Golden Pond,
Ky., said. "We couldn't pull in our
truck and yank the gun out or he
would have seen us, but our camou-
flage saved us because he never
A few hours later this gun crew
shot down a night German bomber.

Exploding Land!1
Mine Imperils
King George
Yank Steps on Trap,
General Clark Nearby
(AP) -Two German mines, stepped'
on by an American soldier, exploded
with a terrific roar today within 300
yards of a table where King George
VI of England, Lt. Gen. Mark W.'
Clark, U. S. Fifth Army commander;
Archbishop Francis J. Spellman of
New York and Gen. Sir Harold R. L.
G. Alexander, supreme commander in
Italy were at lunch.
Although the concussion was felt
clearly at the luncheon table, none!
of the guests was hurt. The Ameri-
can soldier who inadvertently ex-
ploded the mines was killed.
The King had just completed an
inspection of an impressive display
of Fifth Army strength when the ex-I
plosion occurred.
A Fifth Army spokesman asserted
the soldier had walked into an area
marked "mines," west of Clark's
headquarters. He stepped on an
anti-personnel mine which was at-
tached to an anti-tank mine.
The luncheon continued without
interruption, but Gen. Clark imme-
iately sent an aide to determine the
source of the explosion.
The King earlier was a spectator
at the most striking military display
he has seen during his six days in
Italy outside of actual battle.

Spotlighting Late News and Interpretation
IMalian Mountains 01(1Stuff
To Brazilian Litter Bearers

By The Associated Press
ITALY, July 29-The prospect of
carrying wounded over Italy's rugged
and mountainous terrain poses no
particularly new terrors for the husky
litter bearers of Brazilian medical
Many of them were born and
raised in mountain country, and all
of them had intensive training in
Brazil's towering mountain crags.
"These look about the same as
Brazilian mountains," said Pvt. Se-
bastian Fernandez de Farias, a 22-
year old farm boy from the state
of Rio Santa Isabel de Rio Preto.
"Carrying wounded through hill
country never is an easy job but at
least it is not new to us. We had a
good many months at it back in
Unexperienced in Combat
"That's right," agreed Pvt. Braz
Fontes, 20, another farm boy from
Valenca: "However, doing it under
fire will be something else again.
We're used to mountains, but we
won't be used to battle."
The two stocky litter-bearers were
sitting around the camp speculating
with other medics on an old question

ister Winston Churchill looks over the concrete structure at robot bomb
launching site in the Cherbourg peninsula which was captured before
it was completed. The inspection was made during Churchill's tour
of the Normandy battle front.
Army Builds Mammoth Post
Office for Overseas Letters

By The Asso'.iated Press
NEW YORK, July 29-The Army is
getting ready for the Christmas mail
rush by building the nation's largest
one story postoffice.
The engineers' corps has telescop-
ed a year's construction job into lit-
tle more than three months to have
the building ready by Sept. 1-Just
two weeks before the start of the
Christmas mailing season to over-
seas troops.
The site is in Long Island City,
just across the East River from Man-
hattan's midtown skyscraper belt, on
the land formerly occupied by the
Madison Square Garden Bowl, pre-
war scene of championship boxing
Project Costs $3,500,000
Col. E. W. Garbisch, district en-
gineer and former West Point foot-
ball star, is in charge of the $3,500,-
000 project, which will provide nick-
of-time relief for New York's present
postal facilities.
The flood of Christmas mail
through this city will total nearly
90,000,000 parcels to troops on 11
fronts, on the computation of Col.
R. E. Eggleton, postal officer of the
New York Port of EmbarkatioIr
That's more than went to the same
areas in all of 1943.
The new buildings 528,000 square
feet of floor space-more than the
area occupied by Radio City-will be
staffed during the Yule mailing seas-
on by 10,000 postal employes, under
the direction of Postmaster Albert
Goldman, of New York, and 2,500
enlisted men.
4,000 Men to Handle Mail
Even after the holiday torrent sub-
sides, 4,000 men will be on duty.
Military mail, Which was taxing
available facilities last year, has been
doubled in 1944, Col. Eggleton's fig-
ures show.
Army and civilian postal officials
decided to proceed with the building
May 18. Corps of engineers, with
construction experience ranging from
the smallest army installation to the
Pentagon Building, had to start from

scratch in planning, because of novel
problems in design and construction.
Nevertheless, within three days, it
Submitted layout plans for the 1,020-
by 700 foot, concrete block structure.
The corps decided to let three con-
tracts for the job to expedite pro-
gress. Plans were drawn and the
task was accomplished in less than
a month, a feat which causes veteran
construction men to whistle softly in
admiration. The rest of the con-
struction story is one of great ex-
penditure of sweat and marshalling
of resources to beat the September 1
Pacific Post Office Planned
A similar, although smaller, build-
ing is under construction near San
Francisco to serve war theatres in
the Pacific area.
The New York project will serve as
a funnel through which will pass all
mail originating in America for men
in these stations: Newfoundland,
Northwest Canada, Greenland, Ice-
land, the Caribbean, the South At-
lantic, the European Theatre, North
Africa, the Middle East, the China-
Burma-India theatre, and the Per-
sian Gulf.
Reports Claim
Rommel Dead
-A senior American officer said to-
day prisoners had reported Field Mar-
shal Erwin Rommel was severely
wounded in a strafing attack near
Lisieux, east of Caen, and a French
woman who has been behind the
enemy lines said the Marshal died
later in a Bernay hospital.
A German captain told his captors
Rommel's car wash" thrown into a
ditch and he was unconscious for six
hours. This account said the inci-
dent took place about two weeks agoI
and Rommel still was in a critical




(continued from Page 4)
mental selections will be rendered by
Elizabeth Ivanoff, violinist, and Ruby
Joan Kuhlman, pianist. Sunday,
Aug. 6, 8:30 p.m., First Methodist
Church. The public is cordially in-
vited to attend.
First Congregational Church, State
and William Streets, Rev. Leonard A.
Parr, Pastor. Sunday: at the morning
service, 10:45, Dr. Parr will speak on
the subject "Shall We Halt in This
Land Today?" At 4 p.m. students
and servicemen will leave the Guild
House, 438 Maynard Street, for a
picnic and vespers at Riverside Park.
Dr. Alexander Paul will speak briefly
at the vesper service. In case of un-
favorable weather the program will
be held inside. The group will return
to campus by 7 p.m.
Memorial Christian Church (Disci-
ples): Hill and Tappan Streets. 11
a.m. Sunday morning worship. Dr.
Alexanter Paul will be the speaker.
At 4 p.m. students and servicemen
will meet at the Guild House, 438
Maynard Street, for a trip to River-
side Park for games, a picnic supper'
and vesper service. Dr. Alexander
Paul will speak briefly at the vesper
service. The group will return to cam-
pus by 7 p.m. In case of unfavorable
weather the program will be held
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw, will have its regular ser-
vice Sunday at 11, with the sermon
by the Rev. Alfred Scheips.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will have a Supper Meeting at
the Student Center Sunday at 5:30.
A-S Ralph Hoffmeyer will review

Christian Behavior, by C. S. Lewis.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet in Zion Lutheran Parish
Hall this Sunday afternoon at 4:30,
and will have the pleasure of hearing
Dr. Enoch Peterson tell about the
University of Michigan Archaelogi-
cal Expedition in the Fayum Region
of Egypt. Dr. Peterson directed this
expedition and its findings have a
definite relationito Biblical know-
ledge. Servicemen and students are
urged to attend this worthwhile meet-
ing. Supper will be served after the
lecture at 6.
First Presbyterian Church, Sunday:
10:45 a.m., Morning worship and
Communion Service. Dr. Lemon's ser-
mon will be last on the series on the
Great Prophets "Hearken Unto the
Voice",-Jeremiah. The Session will
meet the new members at 10 a.m. in
the Lewis Parlor.
4:30 p.m. Summer Series on "Reli-
gion and the World's Literature--
Goethe's Faust" will be Dr. Lemon's
subject. Supper and social hour fol-
Wesley Foundation: Party with
games and folk dancing on the lawn
tonight Saturday at 8:30 p.m. In
case of rain, it will be held inside.
All Methodist students and service-
men and their friends are cordially
First Methodist Church and Wesley
Foundation: Sunday Student Class
at 9,30 a.m. Dr. E. W. Blakeman is
leading a discussion on the "Post-
War Family." Morning worship ser-
vice at 10:40 o'clock. The Rev. Ralph
G. Dunlop will preach on "The Power
of Faith." Wesleyan Guild meeting
at 5 p.m. Three discussion groups on
the topics "The State of the Church,"
"Education" and "Missions and
Church Extension." These are in
the program "What Should ihe
Church Be Doing?" Supper and fel-

lowship hour following the discus-
Sunday, 5 pjm., The Roger Wil-
liams Guild will hold its weekly wor-
ship service and forum in the Guld
House, 502 E. Huron. The leader will
be Alfred Ray, a student from Persia,
discussing the topic, "Autonomy of
Subject Peoples."
Frances 0. Lee
Assistant Student Counsellor







- . " --- . . - - Clip Here And Mail To A U.-M. Man In The Armed Forces - --. -- - -
r Michigat ai


turning veterans and an
expanded labor force was
discussed by represent-
atives of labor, business,
government and industry
at the Guidance and Oc-
cupational Conference held
last night in the Rackham
lecture hall. "The real
threat to our democratic
system of government will
come at the end of the war
unless we can provide jobs
for all those who want to
work," Victor Reuther of
the UAW-CIO said. If
free enterprise of its own
initiative cannot provide
enough jobs, there should
be no objection to govern-
ment stepping in. Dr. Hugh
B. Killough of the U. S. De-
partment of Labor pre-
dicted that an economy of
"In .fv ,rmld r iir 1n._


CRASH BOAT GUNNER-Aboard an Army Air
Forces rescue boat in the Gulf of Mexico, an oiler-
gunner-mechanic gets set to try out one of the .50
caliber machine guns on the craft. The fast boats

I -AL- L!-*-- -- "ONtIf


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