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July 22, 1943 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1943-07-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

PA E l OU 6

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THIN MICHIGAN D A TTV

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US) Dances
To Be Held
At League

,General Giraud Reviews Cadets

I

PEARL HARBOR-DEC. 7:
Robert McDermott Tells of
Experiences in War Zone

Servicemen Invited
To Attend Friday
And Saturday Nights
All servicemen attending the Uni-
versity of Michigan are invited to
attend the University U.S.O. dances
tomorrow and Saturday in the Grand
Rapids Room of the League.
Both the dances start at 7:30 p.m.
and will end at -9:45 p.m. tomorrow
and at midnight on Saturday, Morina
Heath, '44, Woman's War Council
head, said yesterday.
Besides the dancing tle League
gardens will be open and in the Kala-
mazoo room checkers, bridge and
other informal games will be played.
On Sunday there will be a special
open house for all servicemen at the
Women's Athletic Building from 3 to
5 p.m. and from 7 to 9 p.m. All types
of sporting equipment will be rented
for use at that time..
* * *
Coeds Must Sign Up To
Become USO Hostesses
Coeds interested in becoming USO
volunteers are requested to 'register
immediately in the League, Monna
Heath said yesterday.;
"It is very important," she said.
"We need a large number of hostesses
for dances this weekend." No coed
will be admitted to any of the USO
dances unless previously registered.
Registering fqr the project does not
nmean that the coed*will have to at-
tend every activity; ;the~ different
groups will take turns attending the
drffercnt open houses . and' dances.
They will also work as hostesses at
the Rec-Rallies and at the JGP Car-
nival scheduled for July 31.
Army Sponsors
Emergency Relief
Persons interested . in .contacting
the Army Emergency Relief Head-
quarters in this area may. co so by
writing to District No. 1, Federal
Building, Detroit, the Sixth Service
Command Headquarters, said yester-
day. .
"The small number. of requests for
financial assistance' made to Army
Emergency Relief directors in, this
area isattributed torthe'fact that the
public does not know of the service,"
the report said,
G.I. HAIR-CUTS
are styled and blended to your indi-
vidual features.,,. You're welcomed.:
The DASCOLA BARBERS
Between State and Mich. Theores

"I was on church liberty, Dec. 7,
1941, when the noise started on
Hicam Field, Pearl Harbor," Robert
McDermott, member of the V-12
program, said yesterday.
"An Army truck gave me a ride
back to the base and there the work
began. We organized a fire com-
pany immediately and started put-
ting out the fires that had started
all over the base and then got our
defenses o anized. We were right
next to the spot where the bombs
fell," he said.
McDermott spent three or four
months at the base after the Decem-
ber incident, then boarded a sub-
chaser and started off for the South
Pacific.
"We joined a convoy fleet and vis-
ited Midway, Christmas Island, How-
land, and Canton," he said. "At
Canton Island we got in on a little
more bombing. Jap ships unloaded
their lead a couple of times but all
they managed to kill was a dog on
the island. Our ship wasn't hit.
"About 300 miles southwest of
Midway we picked up the echo of a'
Jap sub one afternoon. We chased
it around for a half hour and had
apparently lost it. About 2 a.m. the
next morning it crossed our beam
again. This time it was too close for
comfort--its comfort. We dropped
every charge we had on it and all
of us feel we sent it down. We
couldn't find a trace of it after that.
"Last Christmas Eve we got in a
-little more fighting-but this time it

*.. .
Cadets at the .S. Military Academy pass in review before Gen. Hen ri Giraud, commander of the North African French army, who stands
with- other officers at the left.

MARTIAL LAW IN HAWAII:

Brig. Gen. GreenTall

By LT. G. P. FORBES
Judge Advocate General's School
Consequences of martial law in the
Territory of Hawaii following the
"sneak" bombing of Pearl Harbor
were related by Brig.-Gen. Thomas
H. Green,. Assistant Judge Advocate
General of the Army, on his recent
visit tothe.Judge Advocate General's
School.
Gen. Green was executive officer
to the military governor for a period
of 20 months after the first attack.
Martial Law Necessary
Almost immediately after the
bombing it was determined that
martial law was the only means of
coping with the emergency and a
military, governor was appointed.
"One of the difficulties in the situa-
tion was, and is, the mixed popula-
tion," Gen. Green said.
"About one third are Japanese or
of Japanese descent of varying de-
grees of loyalty, another third of the
population is composed of a mixture
of Filipino, Chinese, Puerto Rican,
and natives of south sea tribes and
combinations thereof. Whites make
up the other third. It was hard to

keep the other two thirds away from
the Japs."
Schools Were Closed
As is the usual case in the estab-
lishment of martial law, schools were
closed, courts were suspended and
movement restricted. Suspending op-
eration of the courts was done as
much to protect the Japanese on the
islands as anything else. Any rights
they might have, had would have
been impossible to guarantee in a
jury trial where members of the
other portions of the population were
triers of the facts.
In the 16 months following Pearl
Harbor 50,000 cases were tried by
the provost courts, military tribunals
operating under the supervision of
the military governor,without a sus-
picion of' fraud or injustice. Provost
judges were Army officers appointed
by the governor, assisted by civil
judges of the islands in a purely ad-
Visory capacity.
Immediate Trials Adopted
Provision was made for immediate
trial of all offenders of military reg-
ulations and a workable system of
appeals adopted. Appeal - was pos-,
sible in a formal written manner or

Ifs to,4 JAGs
by informal oral application in per-
son or by telephone. Excessive sen-
tences were decreased on appeal if
circumstances warranted, and in
case of doubt, rehearings were or-
dered.
At the present time, martial law
is not as restrictive as when it first
was declared. Right of trial by jury
in civil cases was restored recently.
One of the dangers of invasion is
that the invaders will seize all cur-
rency. In the Philippines and in
Singapore the conquering Japanese
were able to make easy money this
way, but as a result of Gen. Green's
plan, the possibility of such an oc-
currence in Hawaii was removed in
a few days.
Knowing that the Chinese habit-
ually kept their money and securities
buried in the ground in their distrust
of banks, Gen. Green had an order
issued making it illegal to possess
more than $200, with certain excep-
tions for business upon license. Max-
imum penalty for violation was five
years' imprisonment and $5,000 fine.
Had the enemy appeared after the
money was collected, there would
have been none to fall into his hands.

Fitch Will Speak
Herem on China
Industrial Cooperatives
To Be Subject of Talk
Mr. George M. Fitch, secretary of
the foreign YMCA International Set-
tlement in Shanghai, will speak on
"Chinese Industrial Cooperatives" at
4:15 p.m. Monday in the Rackham
Amphitheatre.
Mr. Fitch, who was born in Soo-
chow, China, has' taken part in all
American and international move-
ments in China during recent years.
He was at Nanking when the Jap-
anese seized the city, and organized
the refugee zone there which har-
bored many thousands of civilians
during that time.
Since the capture of Nanking and
the withdrawal of the state depart-
ment to Chungking, Mr. Fitch has
been connected with the Chinese in-
dustrial cooperatives. He has travel-
led extensively through northwest
China and will describe the epochal
developments which are taking place
there.
Mr. Fitch arrived in the United
States in February on a leave of
absence and has been touring the
country giving lectures.

was with an 80-mile gale-and quite
a new experience for me," McDer-
mott said.
"We were on our way to Midway
from Honolulu. Our ship rolled side-
ways to an angle of 56 or 58 degrees,
a record, I think. Because our ship
was wooden there wasn't too much
danger of sinking," he said.
"My orders to report to school here
came when we were in the South
Pacific. I caught a ride back on a
convoy," McDermott said.
New ESMWT
Group Begins
Training Here
, 57 Students Enroll
In Three Courses for
Ten-Week Program
New sections of the Engineering;
Science and Management War Train-
ing program began courses here in
the College of Engineering Monday.
Continuing the training which has
turned out more than 1,000 trained
government inspectors and engineer-
ing aides, a total of 57 people are en-
rolled in the three new groups for
ten-week training.
The Eighteenth-Ordnance Inspec-
tion class, consisting of new employes
sent out from the Detroit Ordnance
District, will return there upon com-
pletion of their course, as inspectors
of guns, ammunition, tanks and roll-
ing equipment. Twenty-four women
are enrolled in this course.
Sent out from the Central Procure-
ment Division of the Air Corps, the
Eighth Aircraft Inspection group con-
tains 21 women and six -nen. Upop
completion of their training they will
return to the Procurement Division,
which includes Michigan and Ohio,
and- will be employed from there on
Air Corps contracts, as inspectors of
plane engines and propellers.
Old employes selected for training
comprise the 12 women in the Fourth
Engineering Aide program. After fin'-
ishing their course they will be reL
turned to the Ordnance Department
arsenal, armory or depot from whipi
they were sent, as assistants to Ord
nance engineers.
Designed primarily for women and
men of 4-F draft classification, thee
programs present full-time courses
with salary. Sponsored by the U.S.
Government, the ESMWT also offers
courses in Military Map Making, Sur
veying, Topographic Mapping, and
Photogrammetry.
' n4

I

OPA Fills
Empty Tank
Of Bomber
GRAND RAPIDS, July 20-(YP)-
Even military bomber crews have
their troubles with gasoline ration-
ing.
An American-made B-25 bomber
attached to the Royal Dutch Air
Force arrived in Grand Rapids today
to take civic leaders of Grand Rapids
and Holland, Mich., on brief flights.
When the big ship landed, it had
only 10 gallons of gasoline left in its
tanks, according to Thomas Walsh,
manager of the Kent County Airport
-and no priorities for more.
A hurried call to Washington Of-
fice of Price Administration head-
quarters was made to release 300 gal-
lons of high octane fuel for the
plane, and the dignitaries got their
airplane ride.

I

I

i

i

- - - -airplane--ride.
lit

i

*

HERE

IT

IS,

The

-PARROT

will

stay

open

evenings

I

until

one

oclock

due

to

popular request.

*

P. S. For Your Information.. I Oc Cokes Are Still a Dime Heme.

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