THlE MICIGAN TTATIY
Tm T~SDAY, JULY 15, 1943
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Of Texas Wells
George Brown, Donald
Katz Will Survey Oil
Fields near Reed City
Making comprehensive studies of
the Michigan oil fields and of the
high pressure condensate wells in
Texas are Prof. George G. Brown
and Prof. Donald L. Katz of the De-
partment of Chemical Engineering.
They are leaving today for a sur-
vey of the oil fields near Reed City,
largest producing fields in the state,
with an output of 21,100 barrels of
'the 54,400 produced daily in Michi-.
They Will Study Field
In connection with the Geological
Survey of the State Conservation De-
partment, they will study the field,
interview workers and examine com-
pany records, with the purpose
of suggesting increased production
methods, and 'of finding the best
rates of production and conservation
Working under Mr. R. A. Smith,
State Geologist, Professor Brown and
Professor Katz will make trips on
the average of once a month to
various oil fields throughout the state"
in order to examine their production
The standard methods for high
pressure condensate gasoline wells is
also under survey by Professor Brown
and Professor Katz. Their work has
been done at Katy Field, Tex., which
is located near Huston.
Between semesters, both attended
a meeting of the Natural Gasoline
Association of America in Tulsa,
Okla., for all members of the Asso-
ciation who are interested in high
pressure gas wells. After the meet-
ing, Professor Katz went on to Texas,
where he examined the present
methods of the field.
Liquid Is Gasoline Distillate
"Wells with pressure of 2,500 to
4,000 lbs. at the well head produce a
mixture of gas and liquid," Professor
Katzrsaid. "This liquid is mostly
gasoline distillate. Samples of the
different types produced are needed
when the oil is processed. The' prob-
lem is to take samples of relatively
small amounts of gasoline, instead
of having to process a whole barrel
in order to get a sample."
Outing Club To
Bike Hike Sunday
Servicemen, students and coeds
who are interested in going on the
W.A.B. outing club bicycle trip are
requested to be at the W.A.B. at
2:30 p.m. Sunday, it was announced
yesterday by Barbara Fairman, '46A,f
chairman of the group.
Sunday the group will bicycle to
Delhi Falls where they will go swim-
ming. "We would particularly like
the servicemen to come," Miss Fair-
man said, "as we want them to feel
Those who do not own bicycles can'
rent them at various places in town.
This is the first of the summer ac-
tivities planned by the outing club.
Later on there will be more swim-
ming trips, hikes and picnics, Miss
Fairman added. Plans will be made
at the meeting Sunday.
CAMP CAMPBELL, Ky., July 14.-c
(IP)-Cpl. Jimmy Reese, former St.
Louis Cardinaland New York Giants
baseball player, has received a dis-
charge from the Army, Frank E.Bar-
num of the Red Cross office here, an-
15,000 Sailors Participate in Field Mass
CoL. Smith Explains War
Contract Board to JAGs
Jurisdiction of Court Covers Adjustments
Of Invaluable War Contracts, President Says
Bishops, priests, and naval officers move in procession to altar on dr ill field at U.S. Naval Training Station, Sampson, N.Y., for mass in
which 15,000 participated. Lake Geneva is in background.
Ann Aror Students Are Cold,
Unfriendly to Soldiers, Sailors
AN AMERICAN SOLDIER walking down the streets of Ann Arbor "finds
written in each citizen's face a multitude of adverse opinions-suspicion,
disdain, aloofness and even a touch of fear."
To determine how many servicemen feel as Pvt. Larry Marton of
the Engineering Unit who wrote the above in a letter to the editor
Saturday, The Daily asked the frank opinions of servicemen yesterday.
The results are nothing to be proud of.
They proved that the students of the University and the citizens of
Ann Arbor have somehow failed to make the soldiers and sailors feel at
home in a new community.
APPROXIMATELY 80% of the men interviewed said that there was more
than a little truth in Pvt. Marton's statement. Another 15% said that
it was true with qualifications, while the remaining 5% denied it. Iron-
ically, the majority of the last group were University students before don-
ning undress whites and khaki.
Frederick Harbaugh, member of the V-12 training program, said,
"This is about the unfriendliest town I have ever seen, Outside of the
sailors, the boys I new before and my professors no one has bothered
to speak to me."
Another sailor from Wayne University said, "We don't expect everyone
to greet us like long-lost friends, but they could offer a smile instead of a
PVT. LE ROY EDWARDS. here on detailed duty, said, "I'm married, and
believe me, I hope I never have to go through again what I experienced
when I tried to find an apartment for my wife and myself. It's unbelievable
that townspeople should refuse to rent their apartments to men in uniform.
But I found out it's true."
' Another soldier offered the statement that it is a two-sided prob-
lem. "The soldiers have their role to play, too," he said, "but we don't
feel that it's our place to take the initiative in trying to be friendly.
A sailor from Detroit said, "We don't expect you to make your campus
and city over into a Military Post, but you mustn't forget that most of us
are just out of college, too.
AS PVT. MARTON SAYS, why do we condemn them? Can any civilian
honestly say that the American soldiers and sailors stationed here will
"desecrate and defile" their way of living?
Perhaps the adverse opinion which 80% of the servicemen have
felt is not intentional snobbery or condescendence but traditional Uni-
versity coolness. It is a regrettable fact that this campus and the rest
of Ann Arbor as well has been held un as an example by students from
campuses all over the country as unfriendly and cool. A surprisingly
large number of students here will admit this is true.
The cause for this coolness seems undeterminable, but regardless of
cause, this is a time for revision and transition.
IS IT FAIR OR EVEN HUMAN for any of us to accept the indescribable
sacrifices the American soldiers and sailors are making on millions of
miles of foreign soil if those here cannot be made to feel a vital part of the
University and city? -- Claire Sherman
Professor Laing Emphasizes
Importanie of Peace Planning,
"While we are forging the sinews
of war, we may also fashion the crude
instruments of a peace organization,"
Prof. Lionel H. Laing of the political
science department said yesterday in
a weekly lecture at the Rackham
Reviewing the conditions under
which thirty-two governments agreed
to become the United Nations, Prof.
Laing pointed out that while the im-
mediate goal of pact was the defeat
of the Axis and a complete victory,
the nations are also difinitely com-
mitted to a sincere search for or-
"We must avoid the delusion that
we labored under after the last war;
there is no clear-cut line between war
and peace," he said. "Whatever can
be saved must be ut ilized for building
Prof. Laing recommended that the
WASHINGTON, July 14. /Il .
Soldiers overseas should help deter-
mine this nation's destiny not only
with bullets but with their ballots,
Senator Lucas (em-Ill.) declared
Lucal made his statement in an
address, prepared for broadcast on
the National Radio Forum of the
Washington Star NBC), in support
of an amendment he is sponsoring to
provide voting facilities for service-
men in the 1944 general election.
"They will determine tomorrow
what kind of a world we should live
in," he said. "Why not let them help
us now in shaping the kind of gov-
ernment they want?"
"If every man and woman in the
armed forces is afforded the oppor-
tunity to vote without difficulty,
then when the election is over there
will be no opportunity to criticize or
prophesy a different result had exist-
ing conditions continued," he assert-
The law Congress passed in 1942 to
give soldiers in the field the means
to vote was a "farce," Lucas said, be-
cause "Congress was dilatory in its
passage so that in many cases the
election was over before the soldiers
received ballots. and also the Army
and Navy officers were unsympa-
thetic to the legislation."
Under the 1942 law soldiers had
to apply for a ballot, but under the
amendment by Lucal and Senator
Green (Dem.-R I>.) official war bal-
lots would be pinted on paper suit-
able for V-mail and sent to the men
overseas by the War and Navy De-
ASME TO IHAVE MEETING
All civilian andl uniformed engi-
neering students are invited to at-
tend the first meeting of the Ameri-
can Society of Mechanical Engineers,
7:30 p.m. today, at, the Union when
movies of the Michigan Notre Dame
football game will be shown.
combined foards of the United Na-
tions that are now existing be ex-
tended and converted, if necessary,
to deal with peace problems. These
boards include the raw material
board, established to pool resources,
the resources whose function was to
integrate war production of the
United States, the United Kingdom
and Canada, the food board, and the
shipping adjustment board.
The political science professor also
said that there will be a definite need
for intellectual rehabiliation since
many of the European nations have
been entirely cut off from new de-
velopments, both in the technological
fields and in the liberal arts.
This lecture was a part of a series
under Prof. Howard B. Calderwood's
Regional Administration program.
The open lectures are given at 4:15
p.m. every Wednesday at Rackham
P olie To Auction
Bicycles in August
Sometime during the second week
of August unidentified bicycles, now
in the possession of the Police De-
partment, will be put up for public
auction, at the City Hall.
If you have lost a bicycle, the Po-
lice Department asks that you come
down to their headquarters at the
City Hall and identify it.
The Police Department also sug-
gests that all bicycle owners who
have not yet registered for a license
plate, register their bicycles immedi-
ately at the City Clerk's office, be-
cause unregistered bicycles are ex-
tremely difficult 'to locate, when stol-
en or lost.
"The War Department Board of
Contract Appeals is not a judicial
body, but an administrative body,"
said Col. Hugh C. Smith, President
of the Board of Contract Appeals of
the War Department and graduate
of the University Law School, ad-
dressing the combined classes at the
Judge Advocate General's School
"Though there is a degree of for-
mality in the proceedings they are
really informal as compared with
court procedure and strict rules of
evidence are not usually observed,"
he said. "The order of the Secretary
of War creating the Board requires
10 days notice of hearing to the par-
According to Col. Smith disputes
follow a general pattern. An ap-
peal may refer to a contractor's
request for an extension of time in
which to complete his contract, or
to "equitable" adjustment made by
a government contracting officer
to compensate for changes in
plans or specifications.,
Other matters frequently before
the Board are claims for reimburse-
ment under cost-plus-a-fixed-fee
contracts, or for increased costs un-
der "lump sum" contracts because
of increasing local wage rates or be-
cause of action by government agen-
Of the present seven members of
the Board four officers are mem-
bers of the Judge Advocate General's
Department, as is the Trial Attor-
ney, who is a graduate of the school
here. "Six of the nine assistant trial
attorneys are also graduates of the
Judge Advocate General's School,"
Col. Smith said. "Instruction re-
ceived at the school is of great value
to lawyers presenting appeals to the
Board, and the work of the school is
invaluable in fortifying lawyers in
Government contract law, a special-
The work before the Board is
extensive. During nine and a half
months of its functioning, 257 ap-
peals were filed and 107 disposed
of, with 27 decisions pending. In
order to meet pressure of increas-
ing disputes, it has been divided
into three divisions, and thereby
takes an average of eight cases a
week. Up to July 1, claims totall-
ing $1,171,000 were filed, and the
total amount allowed was $94,700.
"The shotgun method of appeal,"
Col. Smith stated, "like the scatter-
ing remarks of an unprepared attor-
ney in court, is of little help either
to the court or client. Here, as any-
where in the legal profession, a clear
and concise statement of facts is all
essential. Some of you officers in
this audience are to be assigned to
present cases to the Board in Wash-
ington, I hope you will remember
Unlike a court on appeal, evidence
may be presented in some matters on
the hearing of the appeal, and un-
like a trial court, the Board has no
power to compel appearance of wit-
nesses by subpoena, and testimony
is often taken by deposition, orally
outside of the Board on notice to the
other party. Since officers or gov-
ernment employees are the usual
witnesses whose presence is no prob-
lem, lack of power of subpoena is
In determining a question of law
the President of the Board may call
upon the Judge Advocate General
for advice and opinion, a practice
resorted to only three times, how-
In the interest of saving time
cases are sometimes submitted and
decided upon the stipulation of the
parties, but the difficulty of obtain-
ing agreements by the attorneys us-
ually makes it more practical to try
the matter and thus dispose of it,
Col. Smith said.
To Lecture To
Authority on Military
Government To Speak
On International Law
Father Edmund A. Walsh, S.J.,
Regent of the School of Foreign Ser-
vice at Georgetown University,
Washington, D.C., and nationally
recognized authority on interna-
tional affairs and military govern-
ment, will lecture today to the stU-
dent body at the Judge Advocate
General's School on "International
Active in the Army educational
program as to the forces behind the
war, Father Walsh has been a fea-
tured lecturer at the Command and
General Staff School, Ft. Leaven-
worth, Kan., the Army War College,
Washington, D.C. as well as other
Organizer of the school for foreign
service in 1919, the first of its kind
in the country, Father Walsh soon
gained wide recognition with his an-
nual lectures on Russia and Com-
munism, and as a leading student
and interpreter of geo-politics.
Born in Boston, Mass., Father
Walsh attended Boston College, and
took special courses abroad in Dub-
lin, London and Innsbruck. After
the first World War, he was director
of a Papal Relief Mission to Russia
where he studied the revolution and
its effect. Father Walsh has been
decorated by the governments of
Roumania, Spain and Venezuela.
26 JAGs Volunteer To
Donate Blood to Red Cross
At latest count, 25 men from the
Officer's Candidate School of the
Judge Advocate General's School
have volunteered to donate their
blood in the Red Cross Blood Bank
to be held today.
One officer from the Eleventh
Class has also signed up for the
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