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July 15, 1942 - Image 1

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Weather
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Editorial
,Sour Notes From
'Caesar' Petrillo ..

VOL. LII. No. 21-8 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 15, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

Rommel
Hit Hard
ByAllies
Aussies Repulse Armored
Counter-Attacks Aimed
Against Strategic Ridge
Bomber-Fighters
Crush Axis Tanks
By The Associated Press
CAIRO, July 14.-Australian desert
troops have repulsed Axis armored
counterattacks aimed at regaining
the dominant coastal ridge at Tel El
Eisa-Hill of Jesus-and the Royal
Air Force stepped up operations to-
day against masses of tanks and
motorized equipment the enemy is
bringing up around El Daba.
Sixteen large-scale RAF operations
by British fighter-bombers supported
the ground forces defending General
Sir Claude Auchinleck's newly won
positions at the northern end of the
Egyptian battlefront.
The aerial swarms were declared
to have flattened the approaching
Axis tanks and motor-borne infantry
in mass operations beginning yes-
terday.
RAF Bombers Strike
In the first phase of the day-long
battle on the north, heavy RAF
bombers struck at the enemy trans-
port columns and concentrations,
and this was followed up by a big
fighter-bomber attack on Axis air-
fields to keep as many planes land-
locked as possible.
As a result the enemy air activity
was satisfactorily curtailed to an ex-
tent that permitted the RAF to de-
velop cooperating operations with
ground forces later in the fighting
against enemy attacks.
Among five German tanks de-
stroyed by direct bomb hits were
four of the powerful "Mark 3" type.
Tanks Battered
Marshal Erwin Rommel's tanks
and infantry battered throughout
yesterday morning at the Allied sali-
ent along the coastal railway west of
El Alamein at intervals of approxi-
mately a hour, but each attack
wilted before the- three-ply defense
put up by heavy artillery barrages,
the Aussie ground troops and the
RAF.
(The Italian High Command
claimed "good results," declaring
Axis forces had taken numerous
prisoners in the desert fighting, in-
cluding a battalion commander, and
spoke of intense aerial activity. Tie
German High Command was less
sanguine in its claims' which told of
"only local fighting" in the Alamein
sector.
Laval Rejects FDR Plea
To Move Vichy Ships
WASHINGTON, July 14.--(P)-
While Axis forces drove toward Alex-
andria earlier this month, President
Roosevelt twice proposed to Vichy
that seven French warships there be
removed, and twice the proposals
were rejected, the State Department
- disclosed today.
The rejections were in the face of
a warning from the President that
unless the proposals were accepted
the British would be justified in or-
dering the warships out of the port
through the nearby Suez Canal, and
if the orders were disregarded, in de-
stroying the vessels to prevent their

falling into enemy hands..
Sumner Welles; Acting Secretary
of State, disclosing the moves at a
press conference today-the French
Bastille Day holiday-emphasized
that the proposals were made with
the aim of safeguarding the ships
for the remainder of the warand
insuring their return to France af-
terward.
On July 3 Mr. Roosevelt suggested
to Vichy that the warships, immo-
bilized at Alexandria after the
Franco-German armistice of 1940.
be placed under the protective cus-
tody of the United States and taken
through the Suez Canal to a United
States port or to some neutral West-
ern Hemisphere port. The President
pledged that after the war they
would be returned to France.
Petitions Are Due
For Engine Posts

20 Ships Lost By Japs
In Battle Of Midway
80-Ship Nipponese Armada Put To Flight;
American Carrier, Destroyer Are Sunk

Headlong Nazi Onslaught Perils
600 Miles Of Soviet Battlefront;
Reds Fight In Voronezh Streets

By RICHARD L. TURNER
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON, July 14.-The in-
cessant pounding of American fliers
sank or damaged a score of Japanese
ships in the Battle of Midway, the
Navy announced tonight, and threw
what had been a bristling 80-ship
enemy armada into headlong flight.
On our side the Aircraft Carrier
Yorktown was put out of action and
the Destroyer Hammann was sunk.
Enemy Losses
In all, the enemy loses were:
Four aircraft carriers, two heavy
crisers, three destroyers, and one
transport sunk.
Three battleships, two. heavy
cruisers, one light cruiser and at
least three transports damaged,
many severely.
An estimated 275 Japanese air-
craft destroyed in the air or lost at
sea because their carriers had been
sunk.
Approximately 4,800 Japanese
killed or drowned.
By comparison, American losses
were extremely light. They were:
The Aircraft Carrier Yorktown
put out of action when a Japanese
bombing attack left her listing.
As a consequence planes could not
use her flight deck.
The Destroyer Hammann torpe-
doed and sunk in the latter stages
of the battle by a Japanese sub-
marine. Most of her personnel was
saved.
Ninety-two officers and 215 en-
listed men.
The Japanese fleet, approaching
in two divisions, turned tail early on
the morning of June 4. At that time
only 10 Japanese ships had been hit
and American officers expected the
enemy to continue forcefully press-
ing the attack.
Early in the morning of June 3,1
patrol planes spotted the enemy force
700 miles off Midway..
Nine Army bombers took off from
Midway at once' and scored hits on a
cruiser and a transport, leaving both
burning and severely damaged. Less-
er damage was done to other ships.
That night, a force of the Navy's
Catalina flying boats located the en-
emy force by moonlight and scored
two torpedo hits on large enemy
ships, one of which was believed to
have been sunk.
* * *
Dives In Smokestack
A Marine Corps aviator, Major
Lofton R. Henderson of Gary, Ind.,
dived his blazing plane down the
smokestack of a Japanese aircraft
carrief.
Henderson and his group of
scout bombers arrived over the Jap-
anese fleet and launched the Ma-
rines' first attack on the main
body.
"Japanese fighters swarmed iff
their carrier decks and slashed into
the Marine squadron," the an-
nouncement said.
Henderson's plane was the first
one hit and it burst into flames.
Corporal Eugene T. Card of Oak-
land, Calif., a Marine gunner, saw
what happened then.
"The left wing of Major Hen-
derson's plane burst into flames as
he was beginning the final ap-
proach," Card related.
"Despite this, he continued the
attack, and I saw him dive down
the smokestack of the carrier. I
am convinced it eas deliberate."
* * *
With daybreak June 4, several
groups of Army and Marine Corps

planes took off from Midway to seek
out the enemy flotilla. Four Army
torpedo bombers attacked two enemy
carriers through a heavy screen of
anti-aircraft fire, and one torpedo hit
was believed to have been made. Two
of the planes failed to return.
Meanwhile, Midway was 'attacked
by a large group of carrier-based
Japanese planes."A badly outnum-
bered" force of Marine Corps fight-
ing planes engaged hem. With the
help of ground fire, some 40 of the
Japanese aircraft were destroyed, but
only after serious though "not dis-
abling" damage had been done to
Midway's ground installations.
With these developments, the Jap-
anese fleet decided, apparently, that
Midway was too strongly defended to
continue the attack, much to the sur-
prise of American officers. Between
8:30 and 9:30 a.m.,' on June 4, it
changed course completely and un-
noticed by the American planes,
which at that time were returning
to Midway.
In this phase of the action, the
Japanese aircraft carriers Kaga,
Akagi and Soryu were severely dam-
aged, two battleships were hit, and
one was left "burning fiercely," one
destroyer was hit and believed to have
been sunk.
Soon afterward, 36 enemy planes
from the undamaged carrier Hiryu
attacked the Yorktown and her es-
corts. Eleven of 18 bombers were
shot down, but seven got through.
15 Planes Lost
While this was going on, the
commander of a squadron of 15
torpedo planes located the enemy
to the westward and went to the
attack immediately, "without pro-
tection or assistance of any kind."
"Although some hits were re-
ported by radio from these planes,"
the Navy said, "and although some
enemy fighters were shot down, the
total damage inflicted by this
squadron in this attack may never
be known. None of these 15 planes
returned."
* * *
"The Yorktown was hit during this
assault and put out of action," said
the Navy. "The damage caused a
list which rendered her flight deck
useless for landings and take-offs.
Her aircraft continued in the battle,
As another of the numerous over-
lapping phases of the battle, some of
her own planes meanwhile located
the Hiryu, under battleship, cruiser
and destroyer escort. They attacked
at once, hit the Hiryu repeatedly and
left her "blazing from stem to stern."
She sank the next morning. Two
batleships were severely .pounded by
bombs and a heavy cruiser was dam-
aged severly.
Sub Sinks Carrier
That afternoon (June 4), an
American submarine crept upon
the smoking carrier Soryu and
scored three torpedo hits. A fresh
outbreak of flames followed. They
engulfed the carrier and forced the
crew to abandon ship. Se sank
during the night.
* * *
Throughout the night of June 5-6
the Navy said, the American carrier
force was "steaming westward in
pursuit of the nemy."
During the afternoon, the Ham-
mann was sunk by a Japanese sub-
marine but most of her crew was
rescued.
After June 6, repeated efforts were
made to locate the dispersed and
fleeing enemy ships but all failed.

Ann Arbor Township, Campus
To Hold First Trial Blackout

Air Raid Wardens Mobili
As 15-MinuteSilence I
Ann Arbor township will undergo;
its first real practice blackout of the1
war at 10:28 p.m. tomorrow when in-
termittent squeals from five whis-
tles will warn the people that all
lights must be out in two minutes.
The all-clear signal will sound at
10:45 p.m., allowing a full 15 min-l
utes of dead silence, no traffic move-
ment and complete darkness exceptf
for the factories engaged in war pro-
duction.
For the short blackout test, Ann
Arbor has mobilized a crew of 575I
air raid wardens, the whole police
and sheriff's departments, 170 vol-z
unteer deputy sheriffs and 120 aux-I
iliary policemen.
60 University Wardens
The University of Michigan willt
supply 60 building wardens and 251
observers of its own to see that the1
campus will be in ,total darkness byt
10:30 p.m.
Timed to split-second efficiency,
the blackout will cover a wide section
including all of Ann Arbor, part of
Scio, -Lodi, Pittsfield, Ypsilanti and
Superior. Thirty-four highway in-
tersections on the outskirts of Ann
Arbor township will each be manned
by volunteers operating with the
sheriff's department.
The police department and its aux-
iliary force will be stationed inside
the city limits at every street inter-
section to intercept the traffic which
might violate the blackout rules.
Volunteer Policemen
Acting as a buffer between the
outskirts and the city district of Ann
Arbor, a crew of volunteer policemen
will be stationed at the city limits
proper to catch the traffic which
M*ch*anNinet
Drops Shutout
I To Inkster, 44)
By AL STEINMAN1
A fast-moving Michigan nine fi-1
nally met its match last night when
the spirited Inkster Cubs took the
Wolverines' measure, 4-0. Ray Fish-1
er's boys had won three straight
shutouts when the Cubs came to<
town, and the defeat was the first
of the current season for the Wol-
verines.
Jack Redinger, who pitched the
first seven innings, and Bob Saxon,
who finished, had plenty of stuff onf
the ball, compiling a total of 10t
strikeouts between them, but thej
support give them was terrible. Six'
Michigan errors were responsible for
all of Inkster's runs.
Inkster began its scoring in the
second when they amassed two runs1
on two errors by third baseman Har-
ry Anderson, a scratch hit and a fly
ball They scored again in the sixth
when Jack Redinger threw the ball
into right field for a two-base error,
and Milt Lenhardt Cubs' left fielder,
rapped a two-bagger along the left
field line. The Cubs scored theire
last runon a single and an error by
second baseman Tommy Higgins.
There wasn't a real solid hit by
either team, Lenhardt's double being
the only extra base knock of the
game. Most of the balls hit were of
the scratchy type, and there werea
very few blows out of the infield by
either team.
Don Crist and Bob Hill, who di-w
vided the hurling for Inkster, seemed
to blow the ball by the Wolverines,
with ease as they struck out fourteen
men between them. The Michigan
nine just couldn't connect with that
ball.
All told, it was a sloppy game for
the local boys, although the pitching

was very good. The Wolverines
looked especially weak at third base.
Their hitting also nose dived. How-

e For Tomorrow's Duties
s Set For 10:30 P.M.
might escape between the police and
the sheriff's departments.
Police and deputy sheriffs will all
check their watches with Bell Tele-
phone Time Service at 10 p.m. to in-
sure perfect cooperation.
Chief of Police Sherman Morten-
son yesterday warned the Bomber
plant employes who work the 11 p.m.
shift to leave early and avoid the
blackout test here. Otherwise, all
employes will not be permitted to
drive out of the city.
Deputy sheriff Tom Fitzgerald
said that out-going cars which are
intercepted outside of the city limits
will be allowed to pass since they will
not cause any tie-up during the
blackout.
Two special emergency police cars
carrying tlie big letter E painted on
their bodies will do patrol duty. Their
lights will be dimmed to a soft glow.
Four sheriff patrolb cars will also roam
the outskirts of the-city.
FBI Discloses
New Arrests
In Spy Drive
Former Coast Guardsman
Caught With Ford Plane
Drawings In Possession
By The Associated Press
While highly important evidence
of a military nature was being pre-
sented in Washington, D.C., yester-
day to the military commission try-
ing the eight Nazi saboteurs, arrests
of other alleged foreign agents by
the Government was announced.
In New York the FBI disclosed the
arrest on espionage charges of a Ber-
lin-born former American . Coast
Guardsman whom they identified as
Washington Glendale Spiegelberg, 35.
In his possession, .the FBI said, were
18 plans, diagrams, drawings or blue-
prints of essential parts of the B-24
bomber manufactured by the Ford
Motor Company. He was held in
$25,000 bail.
U.S. Attorney Mathias Correa an-
nounced the arrest of John Leonard
Musa, .55, Swiss-born naturalized
American, on charges that he acted
as a secret agent for the Vichy French
Government without registering with
the State Department. He was held
under $5,000 bail for a hearing
July 21.
Correa said Musa was personally
employed by French Ambassador
Gaston Henry-Haye and paid out of
funds of the French Government on
deposit here in the "services of in-
formation account."
Major General Frank R. McCoy,
president of the military commission
hearing the Government case against
the eight saboteurs who landed from
submarines on the Long Island and
Florida coasts, said the evidence pre-
sented yesterday was such that its
disclosure "would not be in the in-
terest of the United States."
Tag Day Drive
Set For Friday
The boys from the University of
Michigan Fresh Air Camp will make
their annual summer inVasion of
Ann Arbor Friday to stage a tag day
campaign that will enable other
needy boys to spend a four-week
vacation at the camp on the shores
of Lake Patterson.
Since the founding of the camp
21 years ago, more than 7,000 boys
have been schooled in the principles
of good citizenship and given a
chance to get off city streets by the

camp.
Chief sources of funds for the
camp are individual contributions

Moscow Asks For Second Front Soon;
Axis Suffers Enormous Casualties
By EDDY GILMORE
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, July 15 (Wednesday) .-A crushing German drive imperiled
nearly 600 miles of Russia's front early today, but the Soviets said the Red
Army still was fighting savagely in the Voronezh sector, where one forma-
tion alone killed and wounded more than 35,000 Nazis in ten days.
The Soviets acknowledged their troops were taking hammer blows both
at Voronezh and Boguchar to the south in the Don valley. At the latter
point the Russians again retreated to new positions after being almost
trapped in a Nazi encirclement attempt.

Besides the enormous casualties;
House Group
Finally Okays
Revenue Bill'
By The Associated Press, 1
WASHINGTON, July 14.- The
House Ways and Means Committee1
formally approved a new $6,144,000,-1
000 wartime revenue bill today con-
taining corporation rates which Rep.s
Knutson (Rep.-Minn.) said in al
minority report were "arrived ati
through a series of trades and
shameless log-rolling" and would in-
jure corporations engaged in the war
effort.
In a formal report to the House,1
which will start debating the big bill,
Thursday, the Committee majorityi
said that it had tried to obtain "ev-
ery dollar of additional revenue
which, in its opinion, the national
economy can bear." It added thatI
"care has been exercised in every
instance not to place aiq unbearable,
burden upon any taxpayer."
Knutson, son of the two members;
reported to have voted against the,
legislation, said in a minority report,
speaking of proposed new cbrpora-,
tion rates:,
"It is no longer a .secret that the
present formula was arrived at
through a series of trades and shame-;
less log-rolling. In all my years on;
the Ways and Means Committee I
have never seen anything like it.";
He referred to ,the fact that the,
committee at the last minute changed.
corporation rates so that the excess
profits levies would be less severe
and the normal taxes would be high-
er. The members changed the flat
excess profits tax rate from 94 to
87%/2 percent and boosted the com-
bined normal and surtax rate from
40 to 45 percent.
The committee's report estimated
that the present Federal tax structure
would produce about $17,000,000,000
in this fiscal year while expenditures
have been estimated at $73,000,000,-
000 for the sam.e period
Horace Wite
SpeaksToday
Fifth Column Vs Negro
Is Inter-Racial Topic
"Fifth Column Activities Against
the Negro" will be discussed by Rev.
Horace White at the Inter-Racial
Association meeting at 8 p.m. today
in the Union.
Rev. White is a member of the
state housing commission and of the
state legislature, and is pastor of the
Plymnouth Congregational Church.
In his position as leader of the
Sojourner Truth Housing project and
as an active member of labor move-
ment he has gained wide experience
in racial problems.
The Inter-Racial Association has
decided to circulate petitions favor-
ing the anti-lynching bill and the
proposed volunteer mixed regiment,
and one against poll taxes'
Ypsilanti Work-Camp
Project In Full Sing
Having started last Saturday, the
work-camp for establishing a neigh-
borhood social center for Willow Run
workers in Ypsilanti is getting into
full swing this week with the reno-

suffered at Voronezh, the Germans
were said to have lost 157 tanks, 341
anti-tank and field guns and ma..
chine guns, and hundreds of supply
wagons.
The midnight communique did not
disclose any significant changes in
the fighting which extended to the
Rzhev area northwest of Moscow.
But there also was no attempt to
minimize the gravity of the situa-
tion. Instead Soviet commentators
emphasized the peril and called upon
the Allies to open a second front In
the west.
"The battles on the Eastern Front
are the battles for New York and
London," one Moscow radio an-
nouncer said.
Multiple Threats
Multiple threats were fast develop-
ing to highly important industrial,
strategical and psychological objec-
tives from the rim of the north Cau-
casian area to the Moscow front
itself.
Headlines flung atop the mast-
heads of the newspapers told the
Red Army that "serious danger
threatens your country," and pleaded
for ever-stronger blows to stop "the
on-rushing enemy."
Organs of both Communist Party
and Army-Pravda and Red Star-
urgently sounded the "second front"*
note. Said Red Star: "The German
want to defeat us before our Allies
canland on the continent."
Swift military developments in the
Don valley, on the Don valley steppes
and at Voronezh heightened the dan-
ger to Stalingrad, the Volga commu-
nications system and the East Cau-
casus, from which Russia gets more
than 80 percent of her oil.
Claim Kazansk Overrun
(Some Axis reports implied that
the German columns which pierced
the north Caucasian area south of
Boguchar had crossed the Don to
overrun Kazansk, on the east bank
of the river 30 miles southeast of Bo-
guchar, and also had reached Migu-
linsk, on the west bank, ten more
miles southeast. That would put the
Germans 160 miles from Stalirgrad
on the Volga.)
The Germans were throwing in
vast numbers of tanks, planes and
motorized units of infantry over the
broad southern sector, being partly
held up only in the Voronezh district
of the upper Don. Even there, a
break-through made the situation
very grave.
With the double threat to Stalin-
grad increasing both south of Bogu-
char and east of Lisichansk, 140 miles
southwest of Boguchar, it appeared
possible that the Russians may be
preferring retreat across the Don to
making a stand before the river, as
they did so valiantly at Voronezh.
Fly Supports
Music Camp
In Radio Feud
INTERLOCHEN, Mich., July 14.-
(P)-A dispute between the National
Music Camp and the American Fed-
eration of Musicians over radio privi-
leges tonight appeared to be fast
moving toward a showdown.
Protesting the musicians union
ruling which has banned broadcasts
of the camp's national high school
symphony orchestra, Chairman J. L,
Fly of the Board of War Communi-
cations said: "A method-must be
found to enable the public to receive
these programs."
Meanwhile, Joseph E. Maddy, Uni-
versity of Michigan professor of ra-
dio instruction and. camp director,
appealed to William Green, Presi-
.- k-4 L,. Aw..l . « 2~...L . 4...

Repertory Players To Present
Ardrey's 'Thunder Rock'- Today

By BERYL SHOENFIELD
"Thunder Rock," Robert Ardreys
drama which drew record London
crowds during England's greatest
blitz, and acclaimed hit of the 1939
Broadway season, opens at 8:30 p.m.
today at the Mendelssohn Theatre,'
number-two offering of the summer
Repertory Players.
A desolate lighthouse in Lake
Michigan is the setting for this two-
act play, in which Frederick Nelson
plays the lead in the role of a jour-
nalist-turned-lighthouse keeper. The
story evolves from the lonely beacon
keeper's resurrection of the ghosts

ceived of the plot before the outbreak
of hostilities in Europe and "prog-
nosticated things which actually have
happened with brilliant insight,"
Meredith claims. "It is a bitter com-
ment on isolationist policies." But
the philosophy of "Thunder Rock"
is a timeless prophecy," Meredith
points out, as there will never be an
"escape from human-being responsi-
bilities in a civilized social order."
Cast in this student production
are Merle Webb as Chang; Richard
Strain as Streeter; Yvonne Wother-
spoon as Melanie; Donald Hargis as
Captain Joshua.

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