THE MICHTE.AN fDAILY
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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
The Summer Daily is published every morning except
Monday and Tuesday.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.00, by' mail $5.00.
PREBSENTVO POR NATIONAL ADVERTISING BY
National Advertisiig Service, Inc
College Publishers Representative
420 MADIeON Avg. NEW YORK. N.Y.
CHICAGO - 8sTOn - LOS ARUES '- SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1941-42
omer Swander . . . . Managing Editor
Will111Sapp ' . ' . .City Editor
Mike Dann . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Hale Champion, John Erlewine, Leon Gordenker,
Irving Jaffe, Robert Preiskel
Prepare Now For
Permanent Peace. .
SOME troublesome questions have
lodged themselves deep in the
minds of men of service age. "Are we fighting
again in vain? Will we do something this time
to solve the problem of quarter-century war? Or
shall we utter platitudes once more and leave
the real task undone?" It would be an easier
task to fight and to die if they knew that these
questions could be answered favorably.
As in the riddle of the sphinx, failure to solve
our riddle of intermittent war results in death.
The problem is surely not beyond solution. Men
have already advanced plausible answers to it.
Thinkers have shown how we can make political
and economic adjustments which would leave
nations both incapable of waging war and with-
out motive for it.
Visualize a super-state with a representative
government made up of all nations-a master
democracy possessing the only existing armed
might-a might contributed by all the nations,
but subject to the sole direction of the super-
state. Picture the countries of the world occupy-
ing a position similar to that of our states, un-
armed, except for a small police force with a
free exchange of commodities and equal access
You may recognize in this picture suggestions
made by various members of our faculty. If you
are an idealist you will see in it the end of war.
If you are a pragmatist you will detect a step
toward the solution of war between the nations.
The war between the classes we can tackle next.
But even the most skeptical have not found
fault with the plan of federation itself. They
attack it on the grounds of the difficulty in put-
ting it into substantial effect. Once achieved
there is no reason to suppose that the state
would fail in its mission of international peace.
The great difficulty is found in the obstacles
which lie in the way of achievement.
The greatest one being that the multitudes do
not seem to want it. The peoples of the earth
desire peace, but not enough to make the neces-
sary sacrifices, not enough to make the conces-
sions prerequisite to federation. They aren't
quite ready to give up their petty national sover
eignties (despite the failure of self-determina-
tion). They are loath to part with their grasp-
ing imperialisms, their jingoistic superiority
complexes, their rapaciously gleaned monopolies
of economic advantage, and their disdain for
the foreign. They can't get it through their thick
skulls that war is the price they must pay for
such selfish retention of the war-causers.
Our task as youth is clear. We must drive it
home to all men that they must submerge their
nationalistic prejudices in the super-state and
replace international anarchy with order, or
leave the riddle of the twentieth century sphinx
unsolved. We must make it clear that non-
solution means mass death. It behooves us to
point out that a vain victory means future thiev-
ery, famine, disease and destruction on a scale
which will dwarf our 1942 vintage.
In one way or another the public mind should
be prepared. The plan must not meet a Wil-
sonian fate at the hands of an unreceptive world.
Therefore let us, as youth, as soldiers, educate,
propagandize, publicize and crusade in order to
put a receptive dent in the public mind. We
already have our intellectual leaders in Schu-
mann, Slosson and Streit, as well as others.
Let's fall in line and fight an organized cam-
paign for peace.
We owe it to the incredulous soldier. We owe
it to ourselves. - Vie Baum
Pred M. Ginsberg
Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: IRVING, JAFFE
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Among History's Worst...
WE'RE SO DISGUSTED with Congress
that we sometimes wonder if there
isn't something in this 'Communist-dominated'
movement to do away with the Congress of the
Of course we want nothing so drastic, but
what we do want is a rapid change in the ac-
tions and personnel of the current Congress, one
which has stamped itself as one of the worst in
It includes no zany Marion Zioncheck, no bull-
dozing Joe Cannon, but unfortunately it also
lacks many able, intelligent, or courageous men.
When we look at a roster that names without
aste'isks or any other qualifying marks such
men as Howard Smith of Virgiia, John 13ankin
of Mississippi, and Clare Hoffman of Michigan
it is small wonder that we shrink from the con-
sequences of our own selections.
Of course such outstanding Congressional
flops are exceptions, but they are almost com-
pletely supplemented by mediocrities like our
own Mr. Michener, men whose social vision and
capacity for action is extremely limited.
If, for any reason of special prejudice, one
finds himself unable to condemn Congressional
personnel we can, as the politicians often advise
us to do-take a look at the record.
There is no dividing lime in an almost con-
tinuous string of errors-intentional and un-
intentional-on the part of Congress. But for
the sake of fair play with the flat-bottomed
boys let's only consider the star-spangled rec-
ord since Dec. 7, 1941.
After a dutiful declaration of war only, of
course, after the necessary amount of oratory
about remembering everything since and includ-
ing Custer's last stand, Congress settled down to
the task of fighting a war from the base of its
When a drastic price bill was necessary it fid-
dled and faddled-even did a little diddling on
the side-before passing an almost unrecogniz-
able wreck of the bill presented by an Adminis-
tration in a desperate hurry to get authorization
for control measures. Only the long, exacting,
patient work of Senator Prentiss M. Brown,
proof that they aren't all alike, kept this same
Congress from tossing the price bill out of the
window-and thus bringing inflation through
Price control isn't the only Congressionally
mishandled problem. The draft is another .ex-
ample. Refusing to listen to Army demands -for
permission to draft the 18-20 age group Con-
gressmen smiled long smiles of satisfaction at
the home folks, happy that they had stood up
to the big, bad boys who threatened to take the
wee bairns from their respective- cradles. Now
Congress awaits only the fall election's passing
to rectify this now universally recognized mis-a
take. It's pretty decent of Congress to consider
it at all.
Consider too the ridiculous-Congressional pen-
sion scheme, its wholesale demand for 'X' cards,
and its renewal sanction of the frantic cater-
wauling, of Martin Dies.
Of course there are good as well as bad Con-
gressmen, at least that's what everybody tells
us, and we imagine it's true.
But the sum total of the good guys is shame-
fully small, and the sum total of their accom-
By Drew Pearson and Robert S. Allen
WASHINGTON-After months of backstage
plugging, the State Department finally has put
across its idea of censoring the press on any
news regarding diplomatic negotiations.
The sales campaign to accomplish this started
right after Pearl Harbor when the press censor-
ship code first was being written. At that time
the career boys wanted all criticism of their
Vichy policy barred from the newspapers, but
the Army, Navy and other government agencies
demurred. They did not consider this as military
information of any value whatsoever to the
Now, however, the censorship code has been
restricted so that the American public must re-
main in ignorance of any diplomatic negotia-
tions until the official cut-and-dried announce-
ment is proclaimed.
Behind-the-scenes there is a lot of Senatorial
resentment against this new policy of keep-the-
On Capitol Hill they point out that the press
has performed an important function not only
of keeping the public informed on foreign rela-
tions, but has kept the State Department from
putting across several phony deals through the
exercise of what Woodrow Wilson once called
"pitiless publicity" and the policy of "open cove-
nants openly arrived att"
For instance, two years ago when the Stat
Department secretly planned to lend $100,000,000
to Fascist Spain, it was newspaper publicity
unquestionably which blocked the deal.
But today under the new censorship rules,
newspapers could not publish such a story until
after Franco already had his $100,000,000 signed,
sealed and delivered.
More recently, during the Molotoff visit, news-
papers published the story of the secret Russian-
British agreement on Russian boundaries after
the war. The Russians also wanted the United
States to OK this deal, but President Roosevelt
wisely refused. And it is quite possible that the
newspaper account of the negotiation and its
effect on public opinion may have influenced
Whether it did or not, the British hit the roof
when the newspaper account was published.
Churchill, then in Iondon, telephoned to Lord
Halifax in Washington to find out how the story
had leaked out, and British newsmen were called
on the carpet.
From now on American newsmen also will be
called on the carpet if they report a Russian pro-
posal to fix the boundaries of Poland and East-
ern Europe before the war is over. In fact, under
the new censorship code, secret treaties can be
negotiated all over the map, exactly similar to
the secret London Treaty of 1915 promising Italy
various concessions after the war, and the Amer-
ican press will not be able to print a word.
And if the next peace treaty goes on the rocks
as did Versailles on the issue of these secret
pacts, then historians will go back to the date
of June 24, 1942, and point to the muzzling of
the American press as the date when the trouble
Note: Winston Churchill muzzled the London
Mirror last winter when it pointed to inefficiency
in the British Army, and too many officers ap-
pointed because they came from the right fami-
lies. Churchill's critics now say that if he had
done less censoring and more army house-
cleaning the result in Libya might have been
Behind The Rubber
Not many people know it, but the current rub-
ber salvage campaign had been planned by the
War Production Board for around August and
was rushed through at this time at the insistence
of Oil Coordinator Ickes.
The WPB's salvage division, under deliberate
Lessing Rosenwald, had been proceding through
rather intricate and elaborate channels and
would not have been ready to do the job for a
couple of months.
But Ickes persuaded the President that there
was no time to lose, that 'it was necessary to col-
lect all the scrap rubber possible before a deci-
sion could be made on nation-wide gas rationing.
Twenty-four hours after Ickes sold FDR on
this idea, 35 oil company executives from all
over the country flew to Washington and
mapped plans for the campaign. In addition to
collecting rubber at their filling stations, they
agreed to use their trucks to haul rubber to
freight cars, to advance money for cash pay-
ments to the public, give the time of their filling
station operators and donate the necessary
All profits from the campaign will go to the
USO and the Army-Navy Relief.
The Santa Anita Race Track is contributing
all rubber from its equipment, totalling an orig-
inal cost of $15,000 . -. . James R. Young, the
newsman who cabled so many dispatches from
Japan warning what was to come, suggests that
every autoist who drives a long distance to a
golf course, or who joy-rides at night, be re-
quired to surrender some rubber from his car . .
R. S. Wharton, Quaker Rubber Co., says:
"Turning in your rubber that's obsolete, helps
turn in victory that will be complete."
The Pacific Lighting Corporation, which con-
trols several large California gas companies;
the Los Angeles Times Building, and the Secur-
ity First National Bank, which controls a chain
of banks, all have donated the rubber mats from
(Continued from Page 2)
All stud'ents of German. faculty
members, and others interested in
acquiring practice in spoken German
are cordially invited.
Students, Summer Term College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts:
No course may be elected for credit
after the end of the third week.
Saturday, July 4, is therefore the last
date on which new elections may be
approved. The willingness of an in-
dividual instructor to admit a stu-
dent later does not affect the opera-
tion rule. E. A. Walter.
Students, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
Election cards filed after the end of
the first week of the semester may
be accepted by the Registrar's Office
only if they are approved by Assis-
tant Dean Walter. Students who fail
to file their election blanks by the
close of the third week, even though
they have registered and have at-
tended classes unofficially, will for-
feit their privilege of continuing in
the College for the semester. If such
students have paid any tuition fees,
Assistant Dean Walter will issue a
withdrawal card for them.
Foyer Francais: Please note new
location, 849 Tappan Avenue. Stu-
dents desiring to make arrangements
for breakfast and dinner at the
French Table may call Mrs. Gucker,
telephone 7379. Arrangements for
individual meals may also be made
with the house manager.
Cercle Francais: Studens interest-
ed in joining the Cercle Francais will
please notify Prof. A. J. Jobin, 103
Romance Language Building before
the organization meeting Thursday,
July 2nd, if possible. Please note
that meetings of the Cercle Francais
will be held on Thursday evenings of
The Storehouse Building will act
as a receiving center for scrap rub-
ber and also metals. Any depart-
ment on the Campus having metals
or rubber to dispose of for defense
purposes, please call Ext. 337 or 317
and the materials will be picked up
by the trucks which make regular
campus deliveries. Service of the
janitors is available to collect the
materials from the various rooms in
the buildings to be delivered to the
E. C. Pardon
Notice to All Faculty Members and
University Employees: Employees on
"full-time" and on annual or month-
ly salary who ordinarily receive a
vacation at the expense of the Uni-
versity and pay on holidays and fQr
a reasonable period of sick leave if
necessary, are not entitled to pay-
ment for "overtime," whether in
their own or another department of
the University unless such arrange-
ment shall have been authorized in
advance by the President or the
Board of Regents.
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry and Conservation, Music and
Public Health: Students enrolled in
the regular Summer Session who re-
ceived marks of I or X at the close of
their last term of attendance (viz.,
semester of summer session) will re-
ceive a grade of E in the course unless
this work is made up by July 29. Stu-
dents wishing an extension of time
beyond this date should file a peti-
tion addressed to the apropriate
official in their school with Room
4 U.H., wherebitwill be transmitted.
ssRobert L. Williams,
Notice Relative to Keys and Locks:
The Bylaws, Section 3.24. provide:
Keys and Locks for University
Buildings. No person shall own or
possess a key to any University
building except under regulations
made and promulgated by the Vice-
President and Secretary. The re-
moval of locks or the substitution
therefor of special or private locks
on doors of rooms in University
buildings is prohibited.
Every "authorized" key has been
issued by the Key Clerk, whose office
is in the office of the Department of
Buildings and Grounds, North Uni-
versity Avenue. "Authorized" keys
are identifiable and any dean, profes-
sor, official, watchman, custodian, or
other proper representative of the
University has- the right to inspect
keys believed to open . University
buildings at any reasonable time or
place. No person holding an author-
ized key may order, have made, or
permit to be ordered or made any
duplicate of his or her University
key otherwise than through the Key
Clerk's office, nor may he lend his
authorized key. Complete compli-
ance with these regulations would
undoubtedly have saved the Univer-
sity and individuals numerous losses
from theft in the past. In the pres-
ent war emergency compliance is
especially desirable and requested.
Violations of these regulations, when
found, will be referred to the dean
or other proper head of the Univer-
sity division concerned for his action
"We've been married a month now and Edwin hasn't started to
read the paper at breakfast-will I have to go on all my life
combing my hair and putting on makeup every morning?"
GRIN AND BEAR IT
n I "f-I
TO THE EDITOR
British Policy Is Scored
To the Editor:
THE recent Allied reverses in Libya again
bring to mind the question: Are the British
sacrificing militant and effective conduct of the
war to post-war imperialist considerations?
The folly of British policy in Burma and Ma-
lay is all too apparent. They did not take the
Burmese and the Malayans into a cooperative
partnership in an all-out effort to stem the
Japanese invasion. The British remained aloof
from the "native," and a- good many of the lat-
ter formed an effective fifth-column for the
There was no "scorched-earth" resistance in
these countries, for the inhabitants did not con-
sider this their war; to them it was merely a
struggle betwen two imperialist powers and who-
ever won was of no consequence. This is not
the "People's War" of which the Vice-President
N LIBYA, TOO, the outcome of the battle
might have been different, had the British
taken the trouble to arm those eager to join
their ranks. I refer especially to the unheeded
pleas for the formation of a Jewish army. At
the outbreak of war in 1939 the recognition of a
Jewish fighting force in the Near East was re--
quested of the Chamberlain Government. The
offer was acknowledged and filed away.
Not even when the supposedly aggressive
Churchill government came into power was the
situation changed. Instead excuses were offered
that inadequate shipping space and supplies
made the plan impossible. Nevertheless, suffi-
cient shipping and supplies were found to trans-
port Anzacs halfway around the world.
Yet right on the spot there were 50,000 Jewish
soldiers, many of whom were refugees from Hit-
ler tyranny and could be relied upon to fight to
the death in defense of their newly-acquired
nical School, and Aviation Service
Schools of the United States Navy as
follows: Provision (1) of the Junior
Instructor requirements in the basic
announcement is amended to read as
follows: (1) The completion of 3 full
years of progressive technical experi-
ence as Aircraft Engine Mechanic,
Aircraft Mechanic, Aircraft Sheet
Metal Mechanic, Aircraft Welder,
Machinist (shop), Radio Operator or
Applicants (on the date of re-
ceipt of application) must have
reached their twentieth birthday.
There is no maximum age limit for
r Physical requirements-Applicants
must be physically capable of per-
forming the duties of the position and
be free from such defects or dis-
eases as would constitute employment.
Hazar'ds to themselves or danger to
their fellow employees.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received the following in-
formation concerning Civil Service
Examinations. Last date for filing
applications is noted in each case:
Detroit Civil Service
Motorman (male), salary, 79c to
84c per hour, until further notice.
Power Plant Armed Guard (male),,
salary, $1.00 per hour, July 6, 1942.
Auto Repairman (male), salary
90c to $1.00 per hour, July 8, 1942.
Auto Repair Helper (male), salary,
80c to 85c per hour, July 8, 1942.
Public Service Attendant (male),
salary, $1,584 per year, July 9, 1942.
The Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information has re-
ceived the following information con-
cerning Civil Service Examinations.
Last date for filing applications is
noted in each case:
United States Civil Service
Amendment to Announcement No.
166 of 1941 (Unassembled).
Radio Monitoring Officer, $3,200 a
Assistant Radio Monitoring Officer,
$2,600 a year.
As amended: (1) Applications will
be accepted until the needs of the
service have been met, and must be
filed with the Civil Service Commis-
sion, Washington, D.C.
(2) There are no age limits for
(3) Applicants must be physically
capable of performing the duties of
the position and be free from such
defects or diseases as would consti-
tute employment hazards to them-
selves or dangers to their fellow em-
Michigan Civil Service
Planning Technician I, salary $155
per month, July 24, 1942.
Planning Technician II, salary $200
per month, July 24, 1942.
Child GuidancemClinic Director.
salary, $460 per month. Residence
in Michigan not required, July 24,
Graphotype Operator C, salary
$100 per month, July 15, 1942.
Obstetrician V, salary $400 per
month, July 5, 1942.
Obstetrician VII. salary, $650 per
month, July 5, 1942.
Typist Cler B, salary, $115 per
month, July 24, 1942.
Stenographer Clerk, salary $115
per month, July 24, 1942.
Typist Clerk C, salary, $100 per
month, applications may be filed at
any time. Examination will be given
when existing register becoies in-
Bureau of Appointments and
Summer Session Choral Groups:
Students from all the schools of the
University are eligible for member-
ship in the Choirs of the Summer
Session. Those who have had choral
experience are invited to apply for
Tuesdays and Thursday at 7:00 p.m.
in the School of Music Auditorium.
All rehearsals for the Summer Choirs
will be one hour in duration. No fee
is required for membership. Both
groups will prepare for a public ap-
pearance during the session.
The A Cappella Choir is now hold-
ing rehearsals. The first meeting of
the Festival Choir will be Thursday,
Apply for membership with May-
nard Klein, office in Lane Hall. If
impossible to come for tryout before
scheduled rehearsal, come to the re-
hearsal and the director will give you
the necessary tryout after the meet-
ing. Maynard Klein.
Mathematics 329, Cryptanalysis
Study Group. Preliminary meeting
to arrange hours, Thursday at 5 p.m.,
3010 Angell Hall.
A. H. Copeland.
Michigan Repertory Players of the
department of speech will open their
summer series of plays July 8 with
"The Rivals" and will follow this with
four distinguished plays and a Gil-
bert and Sullivan operetta. Season
tickets for the series are on sale now
at the box office, Mendelssohn The-
atre; box office hours are from 10-5
daily except Sunday.
Mathematics 327, Seminar in Sta-
tistics. Meeting of those interested
to arrange hours, Wednesday at 12
noon, In 3020 Angell Hall.
C. C. Craig
Cercle Francais: Please note that
the first meeting will be held at the
Women's League. Thursday at 8
o'clock, not at the Foyer as previ-
ously announced. Short talks, group
singing, refreshments. All students
in both the Summer Term and Sum-
mer Session who are interested in
French are cordially invited.
Children's Play Group: The De-
partment of Physical Education for
Women announces the opening of a
demonstration play school for chil-
dren 4 to 9 years of age. This group
meets Wednesday and Friday morn-
ings, 9:00 to 10:30. Swimming, plays
and games, and dancing will be of-
fered. There is a small enrollment
fee. For further information, call
at Barbour Gymnasium.
Red Cross Life Saving Course: Wo-
men students who wish to earn Life
Saving Certificates of the American
-Red Cross may register for this
course at Barbour Gymnasium. The
class meets Tuesday and Thursay
evenings at 8:30 at the Union Pool.
Dept. of Physical Educ. for Women
The -first meeting of the Cheer
Leaders will be held Thursday after-
noon at 5:00 Room 325 of the Michi-
gan Union. Thoseinterested in try-
ing out and those who have tried out
before are urged to attend. Sched-
ule of workouts will be arranged at
University Flying Club will meet
today in Room 302 in the Union at
7:30 p.m. All members should be
Episcopal Students: Tea will be
served for Episcopal students and
their friends this afternoon, 4:00 to
5:15 at Harris Hall. Evening Prayer
will be held at 5:15 in Bishop Wil-
liams Chapel. Tom Johnson will be
in charge of the service.
Episcopal Students: There will be
a celebration of Holy- Communion
Thursday morning at 7:10 in Bishop
Williams Chapel, Harris Hall.
James R. Terrell