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June 28, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-06-28

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Weather

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43

Editorial
America's Future
Is Shaped By Union .. «

Slightly Warmer.

offmomwammo

VOL. LI. No. 11-S
FBI Reveals
Bold Landing
Of Saboteurs
By Nazi Subs
Eight Enemy Agents Are
seized By Government
As Huge Diabolical Plot
For Sabotage Is Foiled
Scheme Shows 'It
Can Happen Here'
NEW YORK, June 27.-(AP)-Eight
German experts in sabotage, landed
from submarines on the American
coast with money and explosives for
a two-year campaign of terror
against American war industry have
been captured by the Federal Bureau
of Investigation, J. Edgar Hoover an-
nounced tonight.
All are former U.S. residents, sev-
eral are former German-American
Bundsmen and two are citizens of
the United States. One was once a
member of the Michigan National
Guard.
A group of four men, graduates
of school for sabotage in Berlin, came
ashore on Long Island east of New
York City the night of June 13 and
the other four at Ponte Vedra Beach
near Jacksonville, Fla., three nights
later, Hoover said.
Land From Sub
The New York group landed from
a submarine which stood 500 yards
offshore and dispatched them in a
rubber boat. Once ashore the quar-
tet of wreckers buried their Nazi uni-
forms in the sand of Amagansett Bay
together with their TNT, fuses, time
clock firing devices for delayed ac-
tion bombs and other equipment for
sabotage. Donning civilian clothing
they separated and came to New
York City.
The Florida group acted similarly,
the FBI chief related.
Hoover said the men were equipped
for two years of work and had listed
under questioning a number of ob-
jectives."
These included the Aluminum Cor-
poration of America's plants at Al-
coa, Tenn., Massena, N. Y., and East
St. Louis, Ill.; the Cryolite plant at
Philadelphia, manufacturing light
metals; the Chesapeake and Ohio
Railroad in industrial areas; Hell
Gate Bridge, New York City; the
Pennsylvania Railroad Terminal at
Newark, N. J., and all bridges on
which transportation was carried in
the New York area.
Other Objectives
Other objectives, Hoover said, were
the inland waterways systems, a ser-
ies of canal locks on the Ohio River
near Cincinnati, the New York City
water supply system, conduits in
Westchester County, hydroelectric
plants at Niagara Falls, and railroad
tracks on the famous Horseshoe
Curve near Altoona, Pa.
Hoover added they planned to
plant bombs in locker rooms at rail-
road stations and in department
stores to create panic and break
down civilian morale.
Included in the equipment they
buried at the landing beaches were
several types of bombs, including
one type which resembles lumps of
coal.
Hoover said that all the saboteurs
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3

Conferences
On Education
To Begin Here
Highlighting a full program of
extra-classroom summer activities,
the School of Education will begin
a series of conferences on "State and
National Trends in Education" at
4:05 p.m. tomorrow in the University
High School Auditorium when Dean
J. B. Edmonson lectures on "What
Is Ahead in Education."
Open to the general public and
also offering academic credit to
graduates and advanced undergrad-
uates in the education school, the
series is under the direction of Dean
Edmonson with the , assistance of
Gerald L. Poor. The lectures are to
be given by members of the school's
summer session staff and by guest
lecturers. They will be held at 4:05
p.m. Mondays to Thursdays in the
University High Auditorium.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JUNE 28, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

U. S. Secret Air Base
Built Up In British Isles

Reinforced Libyan Army Stands
Against Powerful Axis Columns;
Allied Diversion Move Promised

Definite
RAF

Size Of
Fighters

American Force Still Uncertain;
Active Over Occupied Europe

LONDON, June 27.-(Al)-A large
vanguard of the United States Army
Air Corps is established in the Brit-
ish Isles and is making preparations
at a secret base to bomb Germany
soon in mass attacks coordinated
with those of the Royal'Air Force.
How far the preparations have ad-
vanced the actual size of American
aerial units were military secrets,
but authoritative sources said the
men were already deployed to join the
great assaults such'as those on Bre-
men, Cologne, Essen, Rostock, Lue-
beck and other German industrial or
shipping centers.
It was not disclosed whether a suf-
ficient number of planes had been
amassed for an all-American force,
but as long ago as April 21 it was an-
nounced that bombers for use of
United States airmen in wing to
wing attacks with the RAF were
being ferried across the Atlantic.
The smoke of destruction, still
curled from the ruins of the great
submarine base of Bremen today after
Russians Stall
German Drive
On Sevastopol

Crushing
Before
Heavy

Nazi Offensive
Kharkov Meets
Counter-Attacks

MOSCOW, Sunday, June 28.-(YP)
-The valiant defenders of Sevasto-
pol smashed attack after attack by
storming Nazi forces which tried
without success to advance all day
yesterday in bitter fighting over
stocks of their Axis dead, the Rus-
sians reported early today.
The siege of the Crimean port
roared into its 24th day with no indi-
cation of a German break into the
vast defenses of Sevastopol.
On the Kharkov front it was the
same story, military dispatches said.
Halt German Drive
There Marshal Timoshenko's forces
were credited with halting the eight-
day-old German drive, and in one
sector threw the Germans back in
slashing tank counterattacks.
The Germans were unable to make
any headway whatever, the frontline
accounts said, despite the extrava-
gant use of massed air attacks in an
effort to enlarge their gains.
These - accounts 'were pointed up
by the midnight communique, which
told of the continued repulse of the
Germansbefore Sevastopol and add-
ed there had been no other changes
yesterday anywhere on the long
front.
Of the battle for Sevastopol it
said: "Our troops repelled several
enemy attacks on the Sevastopol sec-
tor and inflicted heavy losses on the
enemy."
Inflict Devastating Blows
The Soviet Air Force was credited
with inflicting "devastating blows"
upon the Germans on the Kharkov
front. In two days, the communique
said, 23 Nazi planes wereshot down,
46 tanks and 117 trucks destroyed
and 300 Germans killed by Russian
airmen.
(The British radio, relaying Mos-
cow accounts, said that in a violent
flare-up of aerial warfare all up and
down the front Soviet pilots were
"breaking up raid after raid upon
Red Army positions."
The BBC, heard in New York by
CBS, quoted one correspondent as
saying that "for the moment at least
it looks as if further developments
in the fighting may depend on which
side can get air superiority first.")
In "exceptionally fierce" fighting,
the eight-day Ukraine offensive of
the Germans was brought to a halt
east of Kupyansk, 60 miles southeast
of Kharkov, said Pravda accounts.

the RAF's 1,000-bomber raid of two
nights ago, but the great machines
which carried millions of pounds of
concentrated fury to Germany were
grounded for the most part overnight.
awaiting better weather. Fighter air-
craft however swept widely over oc-
cupied territories, mining shipping
lanes and attacking vessels and rail-
way facilities, the Air Ministry said.
In retaliation for Bremen, Ger-
man bombers raided Norwich in East
Anglia setting fires and killing some
people. Three raiders were shot down.
The American Air Force has been
expected momentarily to join the
RAF in its second front assault on
Hitler since the visit here in April
of Gen. George C. Marshall, U.S.
Chief of Staff. The General then
declared that great U.S. bombers soon
would be flying against Germany
from all parts of Britain.
Lieut.-Gen. Henry H. Arnold, head
of the U.S. Army Air Forces, who was
in England with General Marshall,
declared four weeks ago that "our
air arm shall join in an air offensive
against the enemy which he cannot
meet, defeat or survive."
Since then, U.S. bombers have
joined the battle in the Black Sea,
Mediterranean and North Africa.
They have raided Axis bases at To-
bruk and Bengasi; scored 35 bomb
hits on two Italian battleships; and
15 of them were reported to have
blasted at Ploesti the Rumanian oil
installations which lubricate Hitler's
war machine, on June 12.
The first official diclosure of United
States air crews in Britain was made
by Major Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower,
American commander in the Europe-
an war theatre. He said Thursday
that pilots were arriving "in rapidly
increasing numbers."
Authoritative sources said the U.S.
Air Force would operate under a sep-
arate command but in collaboration
with the British in a long-range
bombing plan. This itself was an in-
dication that the American force is
sizeable. Commanding officers al-
ready are conducting staff talks with
the RAF on future bombings of Ger-
many.
Local Savings
Drive Planned
Usual Business Will Stop
At Noon Wednesday
With whistles blowing, bands play-
ing and warplanes roaring overhead
at 12 noon Wednesday, Ann Arbor
retail merchants will stop all cus-
tomary business activity and devote
15 minutes exclusively to the sale of
War Savings Stamps and Bonds.
July 1 activities will inaugurate
"Retailers for Victory" month in
which Michigan merchants are asked
to help sell $6,240,000 in savings
stamps and bonds as their part in a
nation-wide campaign. This drive
is part of the larger and longer-time
campaign by retail dealers to sell
$1,000,000,000 worth of stamps and
bonds within a year.
Michigan quota for the year-long
drive is $48,000,000 dollars worth
with almost a half-million expected
to be raised in Washtenaw County.
Individual retailers are expected to
sell stamps and bonds equal to two
percent of their monthly sales.
Navy Asks Volunteer
Anti-Submarine Fleet

FDR, Churchill Jointly
Pledge Russian Relief
By Stroke At Germany
Observers Predict
Invasion In Europe
WASHINGTON, June 27.-()-
President Roosevelt and Prime Min-
ister Churchill today jointly prom-
ised a stroke at Germany which will
divert Nazi troops from the Russian
front and said the outlook for victory
had improved in the last six months.
With Churchill safely back in Lon-
don, they issued a statement which
in addition called transportation the
present "major problem" of the
United Nations. But it noted that
while the U-boat toll in the Atlantic
was heavy, ship production was in-
creasing and said new steps against
the submarines were planned by the
British and American navies.
Second Front Speculated
The statement made no specific
mention of a "second front,' but
nevertheless included a paragraph
which provoked an intensive whirl
of speculation on that subject.
"While exact plans, for obvious
reasons, cannot be disclosed," the
statement said, "it can be said that
the coming operations, which were
discussed in detail at our Washing-
ton conferences between ourselves
and our respective military advisors,1
will divert German strength from the
attack on Russia."
Many observers concluded that the1
millions of American and English
troops mobilized in the British Isles
were to be thrown into an invasion+
of the Nazi-held continent. Since
the project had reached the stage
of discussion in detail, some sug-1
gested that the day of attack might+
be very near.1
White House Statement Recalled
Others cautioned, however, against
jumping at conclusions and advanced
the theory that the "coming opera-
tions" might be confined to intensi-
fied mass air attacks upon German
cities, such as have spread havoc in
Rostock, Cologne and Bremen. Never-
theless, it was recalled that the
White House said when Churchill
arrived thatit would be justifiable
to speculate that the second front
would be discussed.
Production Figures Encouraging
A survey of the munitions produc-
tion situation, the statement said,
gave "on the whole an optimistic
picture." Monthly output has not
yet reached its planned maximum
rate "but is fast approaching it on
schedule." (Mr. Roosevelt announced
yesterday that May production of
the United States alone included
4,000 planes, 1,500 tanks, 2,000 artil-
lery pieces and 100,000 machine guns
and sub-machine guns.)
18-20 Group
Will Register
Here Tuesday
Almost matching the number of
Ann Arbor men scheduled for the
fifth Selective Service registration,
University students between the ages
of 18 and 20 will register Tuesday at
CDVO headquarters, located in the
Armory Building.
Under the fifth registration, all
men born on or after January 1, 1922,
and on or before June 30, 1924, are
to register. Students who have regis-
tered at an earlier date should not
register again, but all others within
the age limits must register or indi-
vidually bear the full responsibility
for this failure.
Specially exempted from regis-
tering are members of the advance
corps of the ROTC; Regular Army

Reserve; Officers Reserve Corps; en-
listed Reserve Corps and federally
recognized active National Guard.
Foreign students also must regis-
ter and those having alien registra-
tion cards must give the number of
this card as part of the registration
procedure.
Each registrant will be given a reg-
istration certificate which he should
carry at all times, "as he may be re-

........... .. . .....ra.... ....
E Med....... t.......................
...........................................................................::.::::::::::
BAARANI
FT. CAPUZZO 5 N
SIDI F
SOMAR -
FT. MADDALENA
Q attara'"
GIARABUB D 0
., . Depression ,
SIWA*
4, *0
Siwa '>~"yp'
OasisEG Y P T
L I B Y A
Axis forces (A) (black arrows) were reported advancing in three
columns at least 100 miles inside Egypt, one clumn near the coast, one
further inland and one in the direction of the Qattara Depression. Brit-
ish forces (B) (outline arrows) were expected to make their stand
along a line before Matruh-
142 Enthusiastic Union Leaders
End One-Week Stay On Cam pus

One hundred forty-two wildly en-
thusiastic graduates of the UAW
Summer School, which ended its
brief one-week life on campus yes-
terday, prepared to leave Ann Arbor
after putting University students to
shame in their eagerness to get an
education.
Foretelling the end of the roust-
about union leadership that charac-
terized organized labor's rise to rec-
ognition, all UAW leaders will soon
be educated in schools similar to this.
Lecture Series
Opens Tuesday
Ehrmann To Give First
War Review Talk
The first 'of a series of University
lectures, "A Weekly Review of the
War," will be given by Prof. Howard
M. Ehrmann of the history depart-
ment at 4:15 Tuesday in Rackham
Auditorium.
The program of talks-scheduled
for each Tuesday until Aug. 11-will
be a historical accounts of the sig-
nificant news of the week with an
evaluation of its importance.
Discussions and questions will be
held at the end of the lectures, lec-
tures which will trace the course and
progress of the war through a round-
up of important events.
Prof. Ehrmann, an expert on Euro-
pean history, works in the field of
the causes and effects of the war.
He recently lectured before the
Michigan Post-War Council on "The
Atlantic Charter."

"Education will put to rout much
of the politics and racketeering in
labor unions," asserted Richard Dev-
erall, director of the International
Education Department of the UAW-
CIO, leader of the labor Summer
School.
Speakers at mealtimes, classes in
between and educational "bull-ses-
sions" lasting far into the night con-
stituted the daily program of the
delegates here from all over the
United States.
In closing speeches at the school
yesterday, leaders going back to con-
tinue their work in the many local un-
ions which they represent, were loud
in their praise for the school which
was the largest and best in the his-
tory of labor.
Said delegate James Tate, Negro
representative of the Ford Local, "I
have learned more here in one week
than in my entire high school edu-
cation."
Hilda Smith, National Director of
the WPA Workers Service-in charge
of labor education-stated that she
woud try to interest Mrs. Roosevelt
in a plan for permanent subsidation
of workers' education after seeing
the results of this school.
Not only was the school excep-
tional for its new ideas in education
but for inter-union cooperation as
well. Two delegates attended the
UAW Summer School from the Far-
mers Union-largest agricultural or-
ganization besides the Grange-and
in return two UAW delegates plan
to attend their school which will be
held in North Dakota soon.
Dr. Charles A. Fisher, director of
the University Extension Service, in
addressing the labor leaders at com-
mencement, was highly gratified with
the success of the school. i

British Forces Take Post
To Defend Egypt Inch
By InchAgainst Nazis
Hard-Hitting RAF
Bombs Operations
CAIRO, June 27.-(-P)-The British
Eighth Army stood reinforced at full
strength tonight 15 miles west of
Matruh against a powerful Axis
striking force spearheaded by three
mechanized divisions aiming at Alex-
andria, 165 miles away, and the Suez
Canal beyond.
The Allied desert army was in
position on a chosen line 115 miles
inside Egypt, and military men said
that when the imminently expected
German onslaught comes, the veter-
ans will defend Egypt inch by inch.
With the enemy within 150 miles
of the lush Nile valley where 98 per-
cent of Egyptians live, there was no
doubt the situation was serious but
the Eighth Army--smarting from its
bad defeat in Libya-was described
as determined that the enemy shall
not pass.
All-Out Attempt
Marshal Erwin Rommel, the Axis
commander, has thrown everything
he has into his Egyptian invasion,
military men said, but before he can
reach the Nile he must smash
through the 40-mile desert stretch
between the Mediterranean and the
great Qattara Depression-a great
inland sea of sand through which a
modern army cannot move.
Rommel had advanced 15 miles
overnight but he definitely had been
slowed.
Throughout the day and night the
Allied Air Force, which includes some
of the United States Army's mighty
B-24 bombers, fought against the
approaching enemy host.
Axis and other reports reaching
Cairo indicated that the battle of
mechanized land forces was immi-
nent, if not actually under way.
Attack Constantly
"By day and night, bomber and
fighter-bomber formations of the
Allied Air Force in the battle area
have been turned against the enemy
ground forces and grounded air
forces in the area west of Matruh,"
said tonight's RAF communique.
The Axis zone of forward opera-
tions, stretching southwestward 80
miles from Matruh on the coast was
criss-crossed by planes guided by
men grimly determined to exact a
terrific toll from the invader before
he came to grips with the battered
Eighth Army.
A big enemy armored column had
moved to the coastal area west of
Matruh while other units milled
about further inland in contact with
British mobile patrols. But the last
work indicated Field Marshal Erwin
Rommel, commander of the Ger-
mans and Italians, still withheld an
attack on the main Allied position.
Rommel's drive had definitely
slowed down, for the moment at
least. He seemed to be exercising
considerable caution

I

- - - - Clip Here And Mail To A II.-M. Man In The Armed Forces-- - - - - - -
SERVICE
ED IT IO N -I . O IA R IIA NJE 2 , 94
VOL. I .NO. I ANN ARBOR , MICHIGAN JUNE 28, 1942

WASHINGTON, June 27.-()-In
a move to put a great fleet of small
boats into the war against subma-
rines off the Atlantic and Gulf coasts,
the Navy called today for all owners
of seagoing craft to volunteer the
services of themselves and their ves-
sels.

Summer Session Will Begin
With Enrollment Of Only 1,413

Muscle-Building
For 41/2 hours a week
Michigan men know what
it's like to be in the Army
-at least physically they
do . . . Under the new
physical hardening pro-
gram set up for all stu-
dents eligible for selective
service or enrolled in one
of the deferment plans,
practically every Michigan
man spends that much
time weekly learning the
beginnings of what he will
learn in the Army, Navy
or Marines.
They flounder in pools
of water with seventy pairs
of wildly thrashing arms
and legs, getting ducked
every other minute-and
all the time being checked

A LITTLE MESSAGE ABOUT A LITTLE NEWSPAPER
The "Daily within a Daily" is for University of Mich-
igan men now training or fighting in the nation's armed
forces. We hope that it will be the successful formula
for getting the news of Ann Arbor and the University
to your friends in the service.
This Service Edition, which will appear in The Daily
each Sunday morning, can be easily clipped out and
tucked inside the envelope containing your personal
letter. Mail it out today!

week semester. Year-round
school here now means a
degree in 32 months, but
it also means less than a
month's vacation per cal-
endar year. There's only
a two-day respite between
the end of the third-term
and the opening of the fall
term. Men outnumber the
coeds 5 to 1 in theterm,
but nearly twice as many
women as men are enrolled
in the eight-week session
... most of them are high
school teachers here for
work on their masters' or
doctorates.
Lieutenant Commander
Harry Kipke-former var-
sity football' coach and
still a U-M Regent--was
back on campus this week

Classes in the 49th Summer Ses-
sion will commence Monday with an
enrollment of only 1413 students-
hardly one-fourth the size of the
1941 Summer Session-but with
a modernized educational system
adapted to meet the demands of a
warring nation.

now placed upon speed and practi-
cality, colleges and departments are
rising to the occasion with new or
modified programs.
Example of the new educational
attitude is the School of Education
where, in view of the prospects of a
teacher shortage due to the military

. . . they run 440-yard
races at-for them-liter-
ally blistering paces, they
broad jump, and they do
calisthenics. Arms over
heads, stomachs twisted in
every conceivable direc-
tion, legs tortuously lower-
ing to the ground or
springing when there is no
spring left in them, all

men ground their way
through this toughening
process, director of wom-
en's physical education ac-
tivities, Dr. Margaret Bell,
scored campus women who
did not participate in any
kind of body-building ac-
tivities during their sum-
mer stay on campus . . .
Scarcely one-seventh, she

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