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June 25, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1942-06-25

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'Bomber CitY' Opponentsq
Scored As Obstructionists



VOL. III. No. 8-S


-. --,-,-------- ------- I I

Mighty Nazi Force
Batters Defenders
On Kharkov Front

German Command Flings
Tremendous Numbers
Into Huge Soviet Battles
Sevastopol Holds
Under Axis Blows
MOSCOW, Thursday, June 25.-
(AP)-The German command, with
prodigal disregard of men and using
tanks by the many hundreds, pressed
its attacks against Russian legions
alo~g the highly strategic Kharkov
front all day Wednesday for the
third consecutive day, the Russians
announced early todays driving a
wedge in at least one Soviet sector.
Th Nazis at the same time main-
taine furious pressure against shell-
torn fortifications of Sevastopol,
here again equally scornful of heavy
losses, pouring overwhelming num-
bers of men against strong but heav-
ily outnumbered defenders. These
.attacks were repulsed, it was an-
On the Kharkov front, where a
heavy German attack opened Mon-
day and forced the Russians to fall
back on Tuesday, the Soviet defend-
ers inflicted great losses in men and
material on the invaders, the Soviet
midnight communique stated,
Tanks Support Infantry
Despite this valiant defense, how-
ever, the Germans persisted in their
attack, hurling hordes of infantry-
men into the attack with the support
of vast numbers of tanks.
A communique earlier in the day
disclosed that the Nazis had suc-
ceeded in driving a wedge into the
Xoviet lines east 6f Kharkov, follow-
ing up their advantage after the Red
withdrawal of the day before.
The midnight coemunique re-
ported that Soviet warships operat-
ing in the Barents Sea in the far
north sank an enemy transport of
4,000 tons.'
The whole Russian picture from
the .Southern front indicated that
the Nazi command had determined
to pour out lavishly the blood of
shock troops and reserves to advance
along the grimly-blocked approaches
to the Caucasus and its oil resources.
WASHINGTON, Junes24.-011-A
special Senate defense investigating
committee decided today to study a
controversy over housing for workers
at Henry Ford's Willow Run bomber
plant near Ypsilanti, Mich.
Chairman Truman (Dem.-Mo.)
said a hearing would be held next
Wednesday on the basis of. state-
mentsby company officials that con-
struction of a permanent "bomber
city" was unnecessary and would in-
volve the use of critical war ma-
Truman ordered. the hearing after
conferences with George Meader',
prosecutor attorney of Washtenaw
County, Mich., Willis H. Hall of the
Detroit Board of Commerce, and I.
A. Capizzi, attorney for the company.
He said the three men contended
that the new community would cost
$4,500 per worker for housing of an
inaedquate character; that it could
not be ready for a long time; that it
would involve the use of a large
quantity bf strategic materials for
sewage and water facilities, and that
it was unnecessary because public
transportation companies were pre-
.pared to provide transportation to

and from Detroit where they said
housing was, available.
If additional housing were needed,
they suggested that it should be con-
structed in suburban Detroit where
utilities already were installed.
Interviews For Navy
Officers Will Be Held
Prospective Navy pilots and deck
and engineering officers will be in-

Axis Sub BajF(r . se
Sought By U.S.
In Brazil Area
Air, Naval Forces Comb
Coast Of Maranhao
For Raiders' Lair
RIO DE JANEIRO, June 24.-(/P)--
A high source said tonight that Naval
and Aviation Forces are investigating
reports that an Axis submarine base
is located on the coast of the Brazilian
state of Maranhao.
It has not been possible to deter-
mine immediately whether sub-
marines are operating from the base,
this source said, but various reports
recently are declared to have indicat-
ed the possibility that Axis raiders
are hiding in the muddy waters of a
river mouth along the swampy shore-
line, and refueling there.
Area In Isolated Delta
The source indicated the area un-
der investigation was an isolated
delta of the Gurupy River which
forms the boundary between the
states of Maranhao and Para on the
nothern coast of Brazil. He said
naval and air forces are engaged in
a minute search of the entire Gurupy
delta region but the naval and air
commands refuse to say whether a
submarine base has been found.I
The Gurupy delta would be,
roughly, the center for a radius of
action southward toward Natal and
northward toward the Guianas, cut-
ting the South Atlantic trade routes.
It was recalled that all Axis sub-
fnarine attacks as well as Brazilian
Air Force attacks and sinkings of en-
emy submarines have occurred in this
Argentine Legislature
Asks Break With Axis
BUENOS AIRES, June 24. -(/P)--
The stormy battle over the Argentine
Government's policy of "prudent neu-
trality" was intensified sharply to-
night when the Chamber of Deputies
adopted a resolution asking Foreign
Minister Enrique Ruiz Guinazu whe-
ther the time. had not come to rup-
ture relations with the Axis.l
The Chamber, which has consist-
ently opposed the government's for-
eign policy, called the foreign minister
to appear before it soon after the
government announced it was protest-
ing hotly to Gerpany against the
sinking of the Argentine freighter
Rio Tercero.
S t the same time president Roberto
M. Ortiz, supporter of President
Roosevelt's policies but inactive for
nearly two years because of near-
blindness, formally submitted his an-
ticipated resignation, placing full re-
sponsibility for Argentina's adminis-
tration upon Acting President Ramson
S. Castillo, exponent of a policy of
"prudent neutrality" and of dealing
with the Axis.
Protest To Berlin
Late tonight the government an-
nounced it had sent to Berlin its
protest over the Rio Tercero sinking
Foreign Minister Enrique Ruiz Guin-
azu declined to make public the text,
but Castillo earlier had said it would
be "categoric and energetic."
The Chamber voted overwhelming-
ly to call the foreign minister to ap-
pear July 2 to give complete informa-
tion on the torpedoing of the Rio
Tercero and to state "whether or not
in the face of this latest aggression
by the Axis against our sovereignty
he considers the time has arrived to
place in execution all the recom-
mendations and resolutions adopted
at the Rio de Janeiro Conference."
Ickes Scores

Rubber Dri've
WASHINGTON, June 24. -(;)-
More than 200 million pounds of
scrap rubber has been turned in to
gasoline filling stations in the first
six days of the nationwide collection
campaign, the Petroleum Industry
War Council told President Roose-
velt today.
Williams R. Boyd, Jr.. Qouncil

German Drive In Libya Kni fes Toward Vital Suez Canal
0 200
~ edterneSe
London military observers said they expected the next Nazi move in the Libyan-Egyptian campaign
would be coordinated with a German parachute iuvasion from Crete (broken arrow) Intended to strike
behind British lines in Egypt. German forces in ibya (black arrow) now are pouring toward the
E~gyptian border, beginning a drive eastward with the vital Suez Canal as an objective. The new drive','
undoubtedly part of the Axis grand strategy to cut through Suez, began from Saluni, may engulf Fort
Maddalena, 50 miles southwest, and Bir El Shegga, 20 miles further into the desert. In this area one
. . . .. . .. .
of the war's most decisive battles, opening the way to Axis conquest of Egypt and the oil of the Near
East, may be fought.
en J E eae
ACU LogLftmeOA ii Seric

Rommel's Forces
Thrust Southward
In Flanking Move
Panzer Columns Attempt Encirclement

CIRO, June 24.-('P)-The main weight of Marshal Rommel's Axis
armored columns was moving ponderdusly south tonight for a massive at-
tempt to outflank and encircle the British Eighth Army's positions atpp
the Egyptian border escarpment.
Bombers and fighter-bombers of both the RAF and the Royal South
African Air Force skimmed the baked floor of the desert to slash repeatedly
at the increasing enemy transport. Battered light tanks and armored cars
of the British defenders stabbed westward to engage the German advance
guard west of Salum in a series of brief and bitter engagements.
Bombardment, Armored Clashes Screen Movement
In this northern zone, German artillery also sent shells screaming over
the British lines.
But this bombardment, and the armored clashes which flickered and
flared west of Salum, served only as a screen for the heavy movement of
German and Italian tanks and troop lorries southward.
The position was one of final preparation on both sides for the initial
battle of Egypt itself. The British were rushing fresh troops' and equip-
ment into the frontier zone in a supreme attempt to replace the men
4> and machines lost at Tobruk; Rom-

Junius Emery Beal, 32 years a
member of the Board of Regents
until his retirement in 1939, died
late yesterday after several years
of lingering illness. He was 82
years old.
Friend and adviser of University
of Michigan students since the
turn of the century, "Junie" Beal
died in the rambling house on the
northeast corner of Williams and
Fifth streets which he made fam-
Funeral services will be held 'at
2 p.m. Saturday at the First Meth-
odist Church.
Born in Port Huron, Mich., in
1860, Junius Beal came to Ann Ar-
bor as a youth. He graduated from
Ann Arbor high school and took
his University degree in 1882. MrL
Beal was a Regent through the
terms of eight University presi-
dents, beginning with Dr. James B.
Angell in 1908. During his term of
office he missed but 19 of 358
meetings, and these absences were
all in his later years when he suf-
fered from severe pneumonia.
A member of Beta Theta Pi fra-
ternity in his undergraduate days,
Beal was the grand old man of the
house to generations of Betas and
often took young financially-
handicapped Betas into his home.
A real estate expert, Beal played
a great part in the property ex-
pansion of the University' and the
building of the stadium.
In 1889 he married Ella Travis.

He was the father of two children,
Travis, deceased, and Loretta, who
later married Albert C. Jacobs, a
University graduate and Rhodes

in 1888; president of the Republi-
can League of Michigan in '89; a
member of the State legislature in
'05 and '06; a member of the Ann
Arbor school board from '84 to
1904; president of the Michigan
Press Association in 1893; often a
delegate to. general conferences of
the Methodist Church and a trus-
tee of the Old People's Home at
He was a charter member of the
Ann Arbor Rotary club, and tin-
herited a newspaper business from
his father, Rice Beal. He was edi-
tor and publisher of the Ann Ar-
bor Courier (weekly), and Ann
Arbor Times (daily). Before the
turn of the century he was presi-
dent of the Ann Arbor-Ypsilanti
street railway and an officer in
the local electric company. At the
time of his death he was on the
board of directors of the Ann Ar-
bor Commercial Bank. He belong-
ed to both the Huron Hills and
Ann Arbor golf clubs and was a
director of the Forest Hills ceme-
Beal devoted nearly all of his
career to public affairs and educa-
tion. As a member of the State's
public domain commission, he
helped speed the tree-planting on
Michigan's deforested lands, and
helped organize the Association of
Governing Boards of State Insti-

scholar. He had three grandchil-
Mr. Beal was director of the De-
troit Fire and Marine Insurance
Company and vice-president of
the Peninsular Paper Company of
Active in politics all of his life,
Mr. Beal was a presidential elector

Draft Deferments To Be Given
Married Men With Children
WASHINGTON, June 24.-()-Draft headquarters announced tonight
that, generally speaking, married men with children would be the last to be
called into service, but emphasized that they could count on no permament
Enunciating the policy to bj followed under the bill signed today giving
financial assistance to dependents of men in the armed forces, Selective
Service officials established four broad categories to govern the order in
-t° which men shall be called:

__ _ -- ___ _ _ . _ 1

FDR Confers


SnWar Plans
Cliprchill, Congressmen
To Discuss Conflict
WASHINGTON. June 24. -( P)-
President Roosevelt has called Con-
gressional leaders to the White House
tomorrow for a conference with
Prim$ Minister Churchill of Great
Britain which some legislators pre-
dicted would be resolved into a
searching review of the war situa-
With the Prime Minister scheduled
also to meet during the day with the
Pacific War Council, there were in-
dications that his conferences with
President Roosevelt were nearing a
point at which some announcement
of accomplishments might be made.
An inkling of the tenor of these
conversations may be given to the
Congressional group, expected to in-
clude Vice-President Wallace. Speak-

"Category 1. Registrants other-
wise qualified for military service
who have no bona-fide financial de-
,"Category 2. Registrants otherwise
qualified for military service who
have financial dependents other than
wives or children mentioned in cate-
gories 3 or 4.
Category 3. Registrants otherwise
qualified for military service who
have wives with whom they are
maintaining a bona fide family rela-
tionship in their homes and who
were married prior to Dec. 8, 1941,
and at a time when induction was
not imminent.
"Category 4. Registrants other-
wise qualified for military service
who have wives and children or chil-
dren alone, with whom they main-
tain a bona fide family relationship
in their homes who were married
prior to Dec. 8, 1941, at a time when
induction was not imminent."
Meanwhile, in Lansing, the State
Selective Service headquarters an-
nounced today 1,360 Michigan men
in class 1-B (those not physically fit
for combat service) would be called
in the draft in August.
Medical School Closes

Simonds Alone'
In Collegiates
Chandler Simonds was the only
Wolverine to survive the opening treat the aspects of the historic docu-
round of the National Intercsj- ment with special emphasis on its
legiate Golf Tournament. Capt. economic phases. The inadequacy or
John Leidy withdrew after quali- adequacy of the Charter will be
fying, Captain-elect Ben Smith pointed out,
dropped a heartbreaking 19-hole Professor Ehrmann; an authority
match to Buckeye John Krisko, on the last war and, noted student
and Bob Fife lost 3 and 1 to Rocky of the present conflict, received his
Mountain champ Charley Lind, doctor's degree at Yale. He came to
SOUTH BEND, June 25.-()-On- the University of Michig n in 1927.
ly the names of Earl Stewart of Lou- Future public meetings of the'Post-
isiana State University, the defend- War Council will be held weekly
ing champion, and Ray Brownell of through the summer. Outdoor meet-
Stanford, last year's runner-up, were ings will be scheduled.
familiar as the college shotmaker's The Post-War Council-born in
prepared for another 36 holes tomor- April of a desire to stimulate student
row which will shave; the list to four discussion of the peace after victory
semi-finalists. -plans to help the University"on ,.
Stewart beat John Ward of Syra- projected post-war course to begin in
cuse one up in the first round. the fall.
Universit Will Give Farewell
Dininer For Army -Hospital Unit
Personnel of the 298th General tion of the non-profit organization
Hospital Unit of the United States will be to aid the members of the
Army, leaving Saturday for Camp unit and their families in time of un-
Joseph T. Robinson, Arkansas, will forseeable need.
be honored by a University-sponsored Directors of the Fund overseas will
farewell dinner at 7 p.m. today in be Lieut.-Col. Maddock, Unit Direc-
the Union. tor, Lieut. Margaret K. Schafer, Chief
Doctors and nurses of the Univer- Nurse, Major Harry Towsley and Ma-
sity Hospital-making up the major jor Edgar J. Kahn.
part of the unit-will serve overseas The Fund's home directors will Qe
after preliminary training at Camp Mrs. Canfield, Dr. Frederick A. Col-
Robinson. Lieut.-Col. Walter G. ler and Prof. John Tracy. Contri-
Maddock will direct the unit. butions to the fund which is sup-

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