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August 16, 1942 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1942-08-16

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SUNDAY, AUGUST 16, 1942

THE MICHIGAN IAILY

PAGE THREE

The

Week

In

Review

Foreign
For the first time since Dec. 7 it
looked this week as if the United
States had become a potent force in
every world battle theatre, and the
answer seemed to lie in the rising
tide of American air power.
On every front this week the big
bombers and the swift pursuit-
fighter-interceptor squadrons went
into action as countries hitherto for-
eign to the touch of American mili-
tary might got their first taste of
Uncle Sam.
Air power has come to be almost
a monomania with the American
people. The Star-Spangled Banner
gets hearty support when played for
group singing; the flag is treated
with reverence, respect and enthu-
siasm; but the airplane over head is
the symbol of the American war ef-
fort. It is the B-24's, the Kittyhawks,
the Airacobras that make American
workmen pitch in, that induce Amer-
ican young men to join the colors,
be they air-minded or not.
Thus it was with the eager expec-
tancy of a hospital-waiting father
that the United States heard this
week of an American air power that
ruled the roost in China and\ the
Solomons, put a dent in the Italian
navy, socked home a few blows
against Rommel, patrolled Northern
India's borders, zoomed across the
English Channel to the occupation
ports, battled with Nazi Heinkels
over the Ruhr.
And thus it was that they ex-
pressed confidence that the new
German long-distance Heinkel would
never find its way to an American
city.
* * *
On The Offensive At Last
Best of a lot of good news was the
first American attack on land al-
ready captured by the Japanese. An
American task force with hosts of
marine-commando transports in tow
swooped into the Solomon Islands,
one of the most important chains in
the Jap arc above Australia. Ma-
rines swarmed ashore, established
beach-heads, and steadily pushed
Japanese resistance back from the
coast. Especially in the Florida group
around Tulagi, the Americans ob-
tained strong grips. Led by Admiral
Ghormley, who is under the direct
supervision of Admiral Nimitz, the
Navy and Marines seemed to be grad-
ually establishing complete control-
although the usual heavy censorship
prevented exact knowledge of the
strength of the American positions.
It wasn't just a matter of on the
sea and on the land though.
Bombers and fighters from Gen.
MacArthur's Australian-based air
force rained bombs and death on the
little yellow defenders, sank Jap
transports and dealt out heavy blows
against the Jap Navy.
The whole performance had not
yet added up to victory, nor was the
campaign costless in men and ma-
terials. It takes death to establish
beach-heads, and it costs ships to
stand within reach of air power and
land batteries while you bombard
enemy positions.
No, the American people had to
wait another week before they could
be certain one way or another. But
most of them were happy to know
that the boys were just in there
pitching, and practically all of them
shared the great American confi-
dence in ultimate victory.
The Solomons weren't the only
fighting sector in the once idyllic
South Pacific. Port Moresby was the
object of a gradually developing Nip-
ponese drive last week, but this week
the tables were turned and it was
the Austro-American force from
Port Moresby that began to drive
toward the other side of New Guinea.
Nothing decisive has yet taken place
in the Kokoda skirmishing, but for,

a week at least Yanks and Anzacs
have had slightly the upper hand.
Other Pacific Fronts
On the north Pacific front all was
not quiet either. A naval task force-
the unit which seems to have re-
placed the fleet in the average com-
munique-made an attack on Kiska
which although it was announced as
successful failed to do anything about
driving the Japs out of their en-
trenched positions.
In China, Stilwell's air force con-
tinued to dump heavy bombs on Jap
supply ports, and the Chinese con-
tinued to talk about inevitable vic-
tory now that the sky-dragons had
arrived in force. Futile Jap attempts
to drive toward the American air
bqses failed to get anywhere at all.
Chinese leaders also made what
may become an historic decision.
They gave their backing to Indian
demands for indepedence and there-
fore kept the score of United Nations
even, England against and China
for. That complicated matters for
President Roosevelt which might still
U.- -,- LI .--- n - e -

- The RisingTide Of U.

S.

Air Power

Domesti
Long-brewing heat was turned on
the powerful Chicago Tribune last
week as a Federal grand jury began
investigating charges that it had
published information aiding the en-
emy in a story written by correspon-
dent Stanley Johnston at the time of
the Battle of Midway on June 7.
Cousin-papers New York Daily News
and Washington Times-Herald, all
controlled by the Colonel McCormick,
Captain Patterson, Cissie Patterson
interlocking directorship were named
with the Tribune.
Tight-lipped William D. Mitchell,
special assistant Attorney-General
directing the case, cryptically refused
to divulge any of the details; "I will
issue no statements at any time,"
said he to newsmen.
The news triumvirate of isolation-
ism-long under fire from the liberal
press and magazines-has been bask-
ing in the ultra-violet of criticism
from many quarters for its loud-
mouth blasts against the Administra-
tion. Roosevelt-haters all, the owners
of the closely-tied papers bitingly
took every opportunity to slash at the
New Deal.
That very hatred of Roosevelt and
the New Deal constitutes their de-
fense. They howl that "that man" is
persecuting them for fulfilling their
obligation of a free press in criticis-
ing the mistakes of the administra-
tion.
And a new tack of defense came
out in House debates as rabidly iso-
lationist, anti-administrationitt Clarv
Hoffman of Michigan bluntly ac-
cused Navy Secretary Frank Knox-
owner of the Chicago Daily Newso-of
using "his official position for the
advantage of his own newspaper
published in Chicago." Such people
as Clare Hoffman have been able
with others convicted of sedition for
their publications to draw attention
to the editorial policy of the Tribune
in past months for they follow its
line without deviation.
The feud had come to be an open
battle between Col. Knox and Col.
Bertie McCormick through their

Of Colonel McCormick

only was it the biggest, it was the
most puzzling.,
Complicating what is essentially a
very complex picture was the ever
increasing threat of Jap invasion.
The Indians are remembering-as
they have the right to remember-
how Britain broke her promises after
the last war, and demand immediate
independence if only in form. The
British are apparently afraid that
such simulated independence would
terribly weaken their military posi-
tion. The Indians are divided among
themselves as to just what they will
be satisfied with. the Moslems. the
Hindus, and the other groups appar-
ently irreconcilable. The British are
no longer divided, but the United
Nations-as indicated above-were
uncertain.
Where the solution lay nobody
knew - except youthful editorial
writers. So the Indians decided that
a civil disobedience campaign might
gain their ends, and the grand old
man of India, Mohandas K. Gan-
dhi, turned out to lead them. The

Britisn thought the solution was
force, arrested the leaders including
Gandhi and Nehru, and invoked the
old whipping law for civil disobedi-
ents. Nobody agreed with either of
their tactics as hell broke loose in
India, scarring its teeming cities
with riots. Calcutta, Bombay, all
the rest felt the slap of the British
lion's clumsy paw and got sore about
it. The police this week temporarily
put them down, but the British knew
as well as everyone else that matters
were quietly getting worse instead of
better, that maybe FDR would
eventually have to step in with full
arbitration powers.
* * *
Nazis In Slow Motion
The once swiftly unfolding map of
Russia slowed this week, but still
advancing German armies lapped up
the oil of the Caucasus as they went,
and reached out for more like greedy
dogs who, though they have already
taken more than their share, have
merely sharpened their hunger.
Near Stalingrad, the Nazi hordes

made few new conquests and hope
continued to rise, hope that the
Soviet reserves had at last put the
two armies in equality, that at least
a temporary stalemate had been
achieved.
* * *
Convoys In istress
England had a tough week, princi-
pally because 'the Navy was having
exceptionally tough going fighting
off Nazi raiders in the North and
South Atlantic and in the Mediter-
ranean the British Navy had its
hands full.
The aircraft carrier Essex was sunk
in the Mediterranean and huge na-
val-sea battles waged all week, with
the Axis making ridiculous estimates
of the damage. Unfortunately, if
one-tenth of their claims could be
believed-and the British did not
say they could not-the Nazis still
had been pretty successful in their
mass raids on convoys which supply
Auchinleck.
--Hale Champion

newspapers. The Daily News scath-
ingly satirized McCormick in the Col.
McCosmic series of cartoons. The
Tribune replied in kind with front,
page color cartoons and bitter edi-
torials. The hicago Sun, the Trib's
competitor, fought from its first
week and Marshall Field, its owner,
had many times felt the lash ofMc-
Cormick's ace editorialists.
With the decision of the grand
jury the long-standing hatred may
be resolved into a court battle. If,
and when, there is an indictment, the
isolationist press will have a crucial
battle on its hands. ,
Up They o
Inflation has been a major war
worry at home through the whole
war. Congress has out-politicoed its
usual self over the question of what
to do about prices. Economically, the
farm price situation was completely
botched..
Now the results of the dilatory tac-
ties are obvious. Last week Leon Hen-
derson had to announce a price ad-
justment which will drive food prices
up about one-and-a-half per cent.
The reasons were simple. Low-cost
stores were going to drop many items
on which there was not enough profit
and the prices must go up.
Meanwhile, about $30,000,000,000
of excess purchasing power-dollars
that can be used for nothing but
savings-are driving the prices up.
The most widely circulated sugges-
tions for remedies are sales taxes and
forced savings. Sales taxes are defin-
itely out of the question because of
the administration and forced sav-
ings are politically inexpedient. So
up the prices go.
The situation is hardly improved
by the five cent per hour increase in
General Motors Corporation plants
suggested by a three-man panel of
the War Labor Board. The panel split
on its vote for this increase, but it is
very likely that WLB itself will put
it through. The union wanted 121/
cents per hour. More important to

BLE OF TH 5QCI

I

the unions than the wage increase
recommendation was the union
maintenance clause proposal. That is
their bulwark against the inroads of
war.
The Senate Finance Committee
tenderly handled earners of large
incomes and made a new tax bill re-
gressive. The tax on upper and mid-
dle incomes is not severe and that
on lower incomes much more in pro-
portion.
Surprising from the conservative
Chamber of Commerce of the United
States was the proposal to double
the amount of revenue from a tax bill
now before the House. They want
$12,000,000 instead of slightly more
than $6,000,000. But the hidden catch
is in what is called incentive savings.
A neat sum can be put aside as a
reward by the corporations who are
producing efficiently and the high
excess profits taxes will not cut in
very sharply. But this does not keep
the money away from the tightening
markets.
Sufferers from the rise in prices
that is inevitable unless the excess
is drained will be the laborer and the
farmer whose income will not keep
up with the rising prices.
* * *
Small Time Fifth Column
Col. Bertie McCormick may be
classed in a big-time fifth column
when the grand jury investigating
the Chicago Tribune submits its re-
port. Last week one of the small tim-
ers heard sentence passed on him.
Bearded, dudish William Dudley
Pelley, the fuehrer of the fascistic
Silver Shirts and publisher of the
Gallilean, was sentenced to 15 years
in the Federal jails on charges of
criminal sedition.
The judge expressed a hope that
Pelley would see the end of the war
through the prison bars.
With Pelley was sentenced Law-
rence A. Brown, an assistant in tlfe
publishing firm, to five years. Agnes
Marian Henderson drew a suspended
sentence of two years as she sobbed
through her handkerchief a promise
that she would stay away from the
Pelley crew.
Already convicted traitor Max Ste-
phan followed up a sensational brag
that he would never die in the chair
with an appeal to the United States
Circuit KCourt of Appeals. He claims
that the indictment was unfounded
on fact.
The cleanup is not yet complete.
Seven more persons will be brought
before grand juries for investigation
of treasonable activities the Depart-
ment of Justice announced last week.
All are said to have aided the con-
victed Nazi saboteurs. And five more
persons connected in one way or an-
other with the saboteurs will be in-
vestigated on as yet unspecified
criminal charges.
* * *
Boom.Town Detroit
The harsh glare of Life magazine's
flash-lamps fell on Detroit last week
in a huge spread of pictures about
the booming town. The pictures told
of factions in Detroit exerting an in-
sidious, slowing influence on produc-
tion. Too, it treated the hard-work-
ing arsenals to compliments.
It was tough stuff-too tough for
Canada. The Canadian government
took one look at it, groaned and told
the border police that no more copies
of Life were to come in; morale would
suffer. It was already too late-
100,000 copies had already crossed
the border.
The attitude of the Detroit papers
was summed up by W. K. Kelsey in
the Detrit News: "No, the picture is
out of focus. Detroit may be dyna-
mite, but it is dynamite for export."
A first rate scandal helped black-
en Detroit's eye further. John Duval
Dodge, son of one of the motor mag-
nates, died in a police station after
a drunken brawl. His skull was
cracked open from a hard blow.

The police are denying mightily
that they beat him. There is a mys-
tery woman, one Mignon Fontaine,
who saw Dodge and resisted his ad-
vances the night of hs death. He
was away from his wife who was
with a male friend.
By now the name of Dodge is thor-
oughly unpopular in Detroit. Another
Dodge, Horace, landed an Army com-
mission under curious circumstances.
It hurts the feelings of booming De-
troit.
* * *
Back From The Sticks
From President Roosevelt's Duch-
ess County, New York Congressional
District came the news that one of
his most open opponents on foreign
policy was renominated on the Re-
publican ticket. Representative Ham-
ilton4Fish-a pre-war isolationist of
the most extreme school-convinced
the Republicans that he should run.
His opposition was not only from
the never-strong Democrats of the

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T HE UNITED NATIONS ASSAULT on the Solomon
Islands and renewed Japanese advances in and
around New Guinea seem to be linked directly with
the desperate need of the Allies to retain control of
Port Moresby and of the Japs, on the other hand, to
win that New Guinea outpost.
/The Japanese have only two logical objectives in the
Australian theater:
1. To cut the American supply lifeline to South-
west Australia.

The Solomons would furnish protection for the
northern flank, but even more important in the minds
of some Washington military authorities is the possi-
bility that the Allies would move right up the string
of islands, outflank the Jap base at Rabaul and com-
pel the foe to move out of New Guinea.
With any luck, succeeding weeks might see the
Allies moving against Truk, one of the keys of Japan's
string of "unsinkable aircraft carriers."
* * * *

one of the four islands ringing Tulagi and Florida
Islands with a natural breakwater. Great level areas
on Guadalcanal, unusual for the mountainous and
heavily) forested Solomons, make it suitable for air
bases.
* * * *
OPPOSED to outside "civilization" are the 150,000
fuzzy-headed, black cannibal and head-hunter
tribes of the 900-mile island chain. Britain and Ger-
many owned the islands until World War I when

I

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