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July 29, 1942 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1942-07-29

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Wevather
!Slight Change

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4 l

Editorial
D~earborn Follows
The Hitler Line....

,.. I exeu ee ne I"

VOL J1 No. 31-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 29, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

Two Justices
May W ithdraw
From Hearing
on Spies" Plea
Stone May Withdraw Self
From Case Since Son
Is On Defense Council.
Of Alleged Saboteurs
Murphy Concerned
By ArmyPosition
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 28-The pos-
sibility that Chief Justice Stone
might disqualify himself for hearing
the pleas on behalf of the alleged Nazi
saboteurs arose today with disclosure
that his son Major Lauson H. Stone,
is a' member of the defense counsel.
There was also a question whether
Justice Murphy might not disqualify
himself on the ground of his present
connection with the Army, to whose
custody and prosecution President
Roosevelt has consigned the pris-
oners.
Any such - decisions would be. for
Stone and Murphy themselves but
presumably they would consult the
other seven justices in conference
before the special term opens at noon
tomorrow.
Obtained Leave
Murphy, a lieutenant colonel, was
tn maneuvers in the Carolings When
the special court term was convoked
but obtained leave from his com-
manding officer and left for the cap-
ital today. All the other justices aiso
left their homes and vacation retreats
to be present.
Major Stone, while assisting in the
defense, is not expected to address
the court i the arguments by which
the defense counsel will seek to per-
suade the justices to take jurisdiction
and receive petitions for writs of
habeas corpus for seven of the eight
prisoners.
To Present Defense
The defense argument is expected
to be presented by Colonels Cassius
M. Dowell and Kennetf Royall. Pre-
senting the prosecution's argument,
if it is called for, willkbe Attorney
General Biddle and Oscar Cox, As-
srstant Solicitor General. If the Court
is not disposed to receive the peti-
tions at the conclusion of the defense
argument, however, it might dispense
with hearing the Governments side.
In any case Biddle and his staff
prepared their arguments and briefs
during the day and were reported
to have completed the task by noon.
The defense staff worked late over
theirs.
Meanwhile, Rep. Celler (D-NY), a
ranking member of the House Judic-
iary Committee, declared in a formal
statement that the Court "without
hesitation should deny the petition
for a writ of habeas corpus."
Axis Digs .in
To Establish
:Desert Line

U.S. General
Policy To Be
8-Hour Day

0l

WI Announces Program
To Balk Labor Piracy,

Promote Efficiency
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 28. -The
government today established a pol-
icy that, generally speaking, the na-
tion's millions of war production
workers should toil no more than
eight' hours a day, and forty-eight
hours a week, and that all workers
should have vacations to restore their
energy.
The Office of War Information
said the move was designed to pro-
tect health, promote work efficiency
and to stop "labor piracy" by plants
which entice workers away from oth-
er jobs by offering them qpportuni-
ties of putting in long overtime at
high pay.
OWI emphasized that the work
proposal "in no way affects" the
Wage-Hour Act's provision requiring
time-and-a-half pay, for all work
after forty hours a week.
Subscribe To Policy Standards
The policy standards subscribed to
jointly by the War and Navy depart-
ments, Maritime Commission, Public
Health Service, War Manpower Com-
mission, War Production Board,
Commerce and Labor departments,
were outlined by the OWI as follows:
1. For wartime production the
eight-hour day and the forty-eight-
hour week approximate the best
working schedule' for sustained effi-
ciency in most industrial operations.
2. One scheduled day of rest for
the individual in approximately every
seven, should be a universal and in-
variable rule.
3, A thirty-minute meal period is
desirable.
4. Vacations are conducive to sus-
tained production.
The statement was issued in the
form of a recommendation "to gov-
ernmental establishments, to field
representatives of procurement agen-
cies, and to contractors working on
war production"
P anel To Lead
Talk On Race
Problem Today
'Why Fight Discrimination
Now?' Will Be Subject
Of Inter-Racial Meeting
The reasdhs for a , fight against
discrimination during the war will be
discussed by a panel before members
and guests of the Inter-Racial Asso-
ciation at 8 p.m. today in the Union.
The panel, chaired by race expert
Prof. Richard C. Fuller of the soci-
ology department, will talk about
"Why Fight Discrimination Now?"
emphasizing the questions:
1. Why, now, during ,the war is it
more important than ever to work
for the democratic rights of our na-
tional minorities?
2. How can we wage an effective
campaign against discrimination?
3. What effect will such actvities
now have on post-war reconstruc-
tion?
According to Bill Boothby, head of
the Inter-Racial Association, the
spreaders are all men of wide prac-
tical experience in Detroit and each
represents a basically different view-
point.
Negro Viewpoint
Charles R. A. Smith will present
the point of view of the Catholic Ne-
groes. He was formerly assistant
prosecuting attorney of Detroit, and
is now in charge of Negro recruiting
for the Navy in Detroit.
Gloster Current, executive secre-
tary of the Detroit branch of the Na-
tional Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People, will repre-
sent the 11,000 members of that

branch.
Dick Haikkenen, shop steward of
the Packard local of the UAW-CIO
will present the views of a white
worker in a large factory, and will
represent CT6 policy on the race
question.
Nazi Bombers Raid
Large British Cities
By The Associated Press
LONDON, July 28-Britain's new
secret anti-aircraft guns had their
P_. -- 1 . - .-4. . . .. - a 4 - ?T ,

An Editorial.
Today University students will
have the opportunity to honor Dr.
Elmer R. Townsley in two differ-
ent ways.
Those now enrolled in the
unique physical hardening pro-
gram, which was in part designed
by Dr. Townsley, will have their
opportunity to do honor to the
memory of one of the nation's
greatest physical education au-
thorities as they go through mass
calisthenics in tonight's benefit
performance.
Those not enrolled in PEM will
also be able to contribute their,
share to the memory of Dr.
Townsley if they buy tickets to
tonight's show.
In either way students, faculty
and townspeople will be contribut-
ing to the future welfare and hap-
piness of Dr. Townsley's widow
and children. They will be par-
ticipating in an effort to reward
Dr. Townsley posthumously for
what he accomplished during his
life.
- The Daily Staff
PEM Students'
To Give Mass
Display Today

Nazis Drive Deeper Into Caucasus,
Cross Don River South Of Rostov;
FDR Threatens Rubber Bill Veto

Rags, Fats Sought
In New Campaign
President Warns Of Vital
Shortages Ahead; Asks
For Cooperative Drive
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 28.-Warn-
ing that many shortages directly af-
fecting the people lie ahead, Presi-
dent Roosevelt today made a general
appeal for the fullest possible coop-
eration in the coming scrap salvage
drive.
He asked that cellars, attics and
back yards be ransacked for old
metal, rubber and rags and that
waste fats be turned in at meat
markets. And in case of doubt
whether a particular article would be
of help to the war effort, he said the
citizen should assume it was needed,
adding that it probably was.
Seriousness Realized
The people generally realize the
seriousness of the situation, Mr.
Roosevelt said at a press conference,
but as yet it has made no impact
upon the lives of many individuals.
The scrap salvage drive he regarded
as a test and an opportunity for
them to tae a personal part in the
war effort.
A reporter raised the question of
the bill passed last week to create a
separate agency to control and ex-
pand the production of synthetic
rubber. made from grain alcohol, a
measure pushed through Congress by
the farm bloc. Mr. Roosevelt said
"the chances are it will get vetoed."
He added he was planning some ad-
ditional move regarding rubber, but
would not say what,
Still Studying -
He was still studying the inflation
question; but was not ready to an-
nounce his next step. Samuel Rosen-
man, New York jurist and close ad-
visor to the President, was collecting
information on that subject and boil-
ing it down for him. Rosenman and
Leon Henderson, the price adminis-
trator, conferred during the day.
While there would be no shortage
of food, he said, the current shortage
of meats in some areas w.s symptom-
atic of a situation which sooner or
later would produce shortages of cer-
tain food items.
Defense To Cut
fRailway Service
Overlapping Train Routes
Will Be Discontinued
WASHINGTON, July 28.-;-(P)-
Heavy wartime demands on trans-
portation facilities will force the
elimination of mush local service
now being .offered by the nation's
railroads, defense transportation di-
rector Joseph B. Eastman said today.
In every instance where local train
routes are paralleled by "reasonably
adequate" bus service, the local
trains should be discontinued, East-
man wrote state public service com-
missions. Engines and passenger cars
thus released could be transferred to
more important uses, he explained.
"This should be done in spite of
some degree of local dislocations and

Students In Trailer Camp Urge
University Aid Against Rent Hike
Protest 50 Percent Boost Scheduled For August 1;
Owner Claims Equipment Costs Cause Action

German Troops Attempt
To Cut North Caucasian-
Stalingrad Railroad Line

DR. ELMER R TOWNSLEY
* * * .
University physical education stu-
dents will offer a giant public pro-
gram of mass calisthenics and hard-
ening activities at 7:30 p.m. today at
Ferry Field in a memorial per-
formance for Dr. Elmer R. Townsley,
physical education professor.
Scheduled to move into Yost Field
House should weather interfere, the
program will highlight special com-
bat training demonstrations and a
huge tug of war.
Tickets have been sold in great
numbers for the performance--all
proceeds from which go to the widow
and children of Dr. Townsley-and
more are still on sale at various cam-
pus posts. They will also be sold at
the gate.
Other highlights of the program
will be a brief talk by Athletic Direc-
tor Fritz Crisler and a dramatic silent
closing during which taps will be
played.
Art Cinema To Bring
Two Films This Week
In contrast to its usual custom the
Art Cinema League will present two
cinema classics this weekend, opening
with the Alfred Hitchcock thriller,
"The Lady Vanishes" on Friday and
bringing "The Childhood of Maxim
Gorky" Sunday evening.
Both movies will be given 7 p.m.
and 9 p.m. performances, and will be
accompanied by assorted short sub-
jects. Proceeds from "The Childhood
of Maxim Gorky," one of the most
famous of Riyssian productions, will
be given entirely to a scholarship
fund for needy students.

By ROBERT MANTHO
Michigan's acute housing shortage,
became a University problem yester-,
day when students living in trailers,
at the Ypsi-Ann camp a mile and
one-half east of Ann Arbor protested
a 50 per cent increase in rent per
month imposed by J. H. Kraft, owner
of the trailer camOl.
The rent increase will go into ef-
fect on August 1 and will jump the
rent rate at the trailer camp from
eight dollars to twelve per month.
Immediately after notice was
served, George Hamm, a dental stu-
dent at the University, was forced to
leave the camp and take up quarters
elsewhere because he could not meet
the advanced rate asked by Mr.
Kraft.
Appeal To University
Late last night students who are
making the trailer camp their home
appealed to. the University for help
in what they termed "our fight to get
an education."
They pointed out that the Univer-
sity of Wisconsin was providing trail-
er camps for its students under direct
supervision by the school and urged
that the University of Michigan do
the same to help its students.
"This is Ann Arbor's problem,"
they said. "Other university towns
provide acpessible accommodations
for trailer folk. Here there are none."a
Declaring that the Ypsi-Ann trail-
er park has been in operation for
three years, the students--who com-
prise ten per cent of the total popu-
lation of the camp-charged that
they had been promised sanitary
conditions to conform to the state
Russian Glory'
Describes War
"The Russian Gloi'y," a magazine
portraying the Soviet war effort-
both on the battlefront and behind
the lines-will be sold on campus
from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. tomorrow, the
proceeds going to medical aid for
Russia.
The magazine contains both cables
and photographs from Russia, and
features an article by Dmitri Shosta-
kovitch, entitled "Mars' Music In
Moscow." In this article the renowned
composer tells of his work since war
came to Russia, particularly his work
as the head of the musical depart-
ment of the people's Voluntary Army
theatre and the composition of his
Seventh Symphony, designed to be
a broad musical embodiment of the
ideals of the war.
The 'behind-the-scenes efforts of
science in the war are related by Alex-
ander N. Frumkin, member of the
Academy of Sciences in "Science Goes
to War." Another article, "Poet with
a Gun," is written by Constantin
Simonov, poet and holder of the
Stalin prize.
The following students will aid
in selling the magazine: Elsie Litman,
James Landers, Ann Singer, Dorothy
Wineland, Howard Wallach, Mary
Coate, Betty Levy, Stanley Ohlberg,
Robert Slaff, June Bernstein, Gaye
Locke, Buff Rosen, Ann Fagan, Ida
Bucci and O. W. Lichty.

trailer camp law "as soon as the frost
was off the ground" but that nothing
significant had been done for im-
provement yet.
Kraft Reply
In reply to the charges, Mr. Kraft
told The Daily last night he could
not keep the trailer camp going at
the present rent rate of eight dollars
per month. He said the additional
equipment he must install to con-
form to the state trailer camp law
would cost $6,000 and that the only
way he could meet the additional ex-
pense was by charging at least $12
per month.
Admitting that his sanitary con-
Turn to Page 4, Col. 5
Citizens Group
Supports Tree
In Fall Election

Committee Backs Hutzel,
Springer And Waterman
For School Board Posts
Ray Hutzel, Valter W. Springer
and Mrs. Ida May Waterman will
receive the conceited support of the
Ann Arbor Citizens' School Commit-
tee in the oncoming school board
elections, Dean Erice Walters, of the'
literary college and chairman of the
committee, annouce d late last
night.
Presaging a second spirited elec-
tion Sept. 14, the move is the com-
mittee's third in an attempt to obtain
a school board "comprised of our
best available citizens who will . .
act democratically . . . who will be
judicious and fair in their dealings
with the people whom they employ,
who have ability to set forth sound
educational policy...."'
Mr. Hutzel is seeking reelection
and is receiving the backing of the
citizen's committee on the basis of
his record as a board member for
three years and as board president.
for the past year.
Mr. Springer-an Ann Arbor busi-
nessman for 30 years-is entering
local politics for the first time. He is
past president of the local Y.M.C.A.
and Kiwanis Club.
The only woman on the slate, Mrs.
Waterman has for years been active
in school, civic, welfare, cultural and
religious activities in Ann Arbor.
The citizen's committee was
formed last spring when the school
board was attempting to oust School
Superintendent Otto Haisley for re-
puted "progressive" egIucational
ideas. It was successful in obtaining
Haisley's reinstatement and also in
electing its slate to the school board
in the fall elections.
Senat'or Hits
xSavings Plan
George Claims Economy
Proposal Inadequate
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON. July 28.-}Chair-
man George (Dem.-Ga.) of the Sen-
ate Finance Committee declared to-
day that while compulsory savings
might head -off inflation the me-
chanics ,of enforcing such a plan
would present new and difficult
problems.4
Discussing with newsmen the testi-'
mony of Julian Goldman, New York
merchant who advocated syphoning
off from 25 to 30 billion dollars in
consumers' "excess purchasing pow-
er," George said the witness had not
presented specific recommendations
to carry out his plan. The chairman
aded, however, that Goldman liad
promised to do so. r
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Rostov Called 'Scene
Of Smoking Ruins'
By EDDY GILMORE
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, July 29 (Wednesday)-
German troops pouring into the
Caucasus have made another cross-
ing of the lower Don at Tsimlyansk
and have reached Bataisk, 15 miles
south of Rostov, in their attempt to
cut the Stalingrad-North Caucasian\
railroad, the Soviets announced offi-
cially early today.
"In the region of Tsimlyansk the
enemy crossed the river at one place
and reached the southern bank," the
midnight communique said. "Our
men are attempting to repel enemy
attacks. Soviet tanks destroyed eight
Nazi tanks, 18 guns, ten trucks and
killed 200 Germans during this en-
gagement.
Fierce Fighting At Bataisk
"In the re ion of Bataisk there was
fierce fighthg. Four enemy attacks
were repelled and the enemy suffered
heavy losses. Soviet artillery de-
stroyed 17 tanks and annihilated one
infantry battalion."
At the eastern bend of the Don
River before 8talingrad the Russf.ns
also were engaged in a supreme fight.
Dispatches said the Red Army killed
8,000 Nazis in a single small sector
on a curving front only some 40 or
50 miles short of the vital Volga River
port. .
Strike At RaIlway
The Germans fighting their way
toward Bataisk (which the Germans
claimed they captured Monday) yere
striking at the eastern end of the
Caucasian rail systeni. A bratich
railway stretches 100 miles soth
eastward from Bataisk to' confect
with the main Tikhoretsk-Stalingrad
line at Salsk. But the main trihik
line apparently was in more immedi
ate jdanger from the German thrust
across the Don at Tsimlyansk, which
is only about 35 miles froin the rail-
way.
The Russian communique reported.
steady but laborious advances i the
Voronezh area 300 miles north of
Rostov on the upper Don, but in the
main Caucasian theatre it wa evi-
dent that the Nazis still were rolling
forward.
Huge forces of German reserves
were poured into the battle below
fallen Rostbv and Novocherkassk
near the Don mouth on the sea of
Azov. The Germans sought swiftly
to exploit to the full the gains they
had won at appalling casualties in
men and machines.
Rostov Called 'Scene
Of Smoking Ruins'
By The Associated Press
BERLIN (From German Broad-
casts), July 28.-Rostov on the Don
is a heap of smoking ruins where the
smell of death is heavy, where hun-
gry Russian civilians are scavenging
for food, and where tattered sigs
still read "death to the German occu-
pation troops," Robert Broase, a Nazi
reporter, said tonight in a dispatch
dated at that once flourishing Cau-
casian port.
Broase's Report
Broase's report as broadcast by the
Berlin Radio said:
"The city had been turned into
one gigantic system of small 'for-
tresses. Barricades were erected at
nearly all street crossings. Some o
these were built with bricks. Then
there were small pillboxes for ma-
chine guns, and even regular walls-
were built as high as a man, leaving
only a small opening for street traffic.
"Machine gun nests were installed
in cellars and in different stories of
s buildings, slogans were painted in
glaring colors on the walls of houses.
One still reads 'death to the German
occupation troops.'
"Rostov, a be.con of Soviet re-

-sistance during the winter' nonths,
was extinguished July 24 after Ger-
man troops fought in the city for
four days. (The Russians said they
evacuated the city on Monday.)
Stukas Devastating
I "What remains is desolate and

By The Associated Press s
CAIRO, July 28.-The Axis armies
of Marshal Erwin Rommel, stalled
now for four weeks in the Qattara-
Mediterranean corridor west of El
Alamein, appeared today to be dig-
ging in for a defensive of indefinite
duration some 80 miles short of their
foremost objective, the British naval
base of Alexandria.
There was evidence that Rommel
had abandoned hopes of an immedi-
ate revitalized drive on the Nile Delta
and would be satisfied for the present
to hold what he has gained in the
long march across Libya and into
Egypt.
EIn the .last four weeks of touch-
and-go fighting, of attacks and coun-
terattacks, neither side has advanced
appreciably and most of the strategy
has been aimed at hammering enemy
supply lines from the air and, from
the British side, by naval units shell-
ing Axis ports of entry.
The latest outburst of desert fight-
ing came yesterday and the battle
continued into the night with the
Allied atackers falling back to their
positions after having inflicted some'
losses on the enemy and taking some-
prisoners.
Election Of Engineering
Seniors Set For Aug. 4

inconveniences, for the
needs of the nation must
mount.",

wartime
be para-

Letters .To Lucerne' Opens Today,
Fourth, Repertory Play Of Season

Destruction of human feelings
through contact with the Nazi spirit
is the theme of Fritz Rotter and
Allen Vincent's currently acclaimed
play, "Letters to Lucerne," which
opens as the Department of Speech's-
4th Repertory offering at 8:30 p.m.
today, in the Mendelssohn Theatre.
Adjudged one of the ten best of
the year by Burns Mantle, the Rotter-
Vincent drama pictures the-dawn of
World War II over a select Young
Tadies'S eminary in switzerland.

ih-. #he Bluebird" and "Thunder
Rock," portrays Felice, of France,
while Marjorie Warren enacts Olga,
of Poland. Betty Alice Brown and
Blanche Helpar are cast as the East
Side and Southern Americans, respec-
tively, with the part of Marion, the
English student, played by Philippa
Herman. Genevieve Edwards will
appear as the head mistress in this
drama, while Pat Meikle, Civic
Theatre lead in "The Man Who
ra.m Tn Dnner." wilmenat te soer-

11 :.}- '

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