THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1944
9 - - -
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Bummer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited In this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
. Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by
carrier $4.00, by mail, $4.50.
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CHICAGO - BOSTON * LOS AGELES * SA FRANCIscO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1940-41
Daily Calendar of Events
Wednesday, July 23 -
1:00 p.m. Excursion No. 5--Greenfield Village. Visit to Ford's Village, museums of
early American life, Edison's Menlo Park Laboratory; the Dearborn
Inn. Round trip by special bus. Reservations in Summer Session Of-
fice, Angell Hall. Trip ends at 5:45 p.m., Ann Arbor.
2:30 4:00 p.m. "Religious Education Forum," Rackham Building, East Conference
3:30 5:30 p.m. Dancing. (Michigan League Ballroom.) Free of charge. Come with
or without partners.
4:05 p.m. Lecture. "Work as a Part of the Secondary School Program," Rudolph
Lindquist, Director of the Cranbrook School. (University High School
8:30 p.m. Clinic Ensemble Recital. (Hill Auditorium.)
4:15 p.m. Lecture. "The Effect of War On the Social Order." Hans Speier, Professor
of Sociology. The New School for Social Research, New York City.
(Lecture Hall, Rackham Bldg.)
4:15-5:15 p.m. Auditorium W. K. Kellogg Institute. Mr. Leo Fitzpatrick, Vice-Presi-
dent and General Manager Station WJR, Detroit. Topic-"The Prob-
lems of the Broadcaster."
7:30 p.m. Intermediate Dancing Class. (Michigan League Ballroom.)
8:00 p.m. Medical Lecture. (Illustrated) "Cancer." Dr. Walter J. Maddock. (Lec-
ture Hall, Rackham Building.)
8:30 p.m. "The Little Foxes," by Lillian Hellman. (Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.)
. . KarlK Kessler
.Harry M. Kelsey
Albert P. Blaustein
. Barbara Jenswold
3 DREW PEARSON and ROBERT S. ALLEN
Local Advertising Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Daniel H. Huyett
Fred M. Ginsberg
NIGHT EDITOR: BARBARA JENSWOLD
The editorials published in The Michi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
Acre: A Story
Of Civilization .*..
0UT OF THE BLUE SKIES of the
Holy Land recently came news of a
peace, of the end of a war that had scarcely
made even the front pages of newspapers. The
terms ending the Syrian war, an abortive little
struggle hidden under the bushel of a greater
conflagration, had been reached: at peaceful
little Acre on the coast of Palestine, 90 miles
It was at Acre too that Scott laid the scene in
The Talisman where the gallant Saladin and the
brave Richard the Lion-Hearted meet. With one
mighty stroke of his English broadsword Richard
severs an iron bar. Saladin draws his scimitar
of Damascus steel across a pillow of silk and the
pillow falls apart .. .
But the taking of the little fisherman's village
by Saladin and its recapture by Richard are but
two incidents in a long history. Placed by some
whim of the martial gods on a low promontory
overlooking the bay of Acre, the town has for
ages been a meeting place of wars. It overlooks
the military road along the coast, and is the
natural port for Galilee and Damascus. It
guards, too, the entrance to the historic plain
THIS QUIET LITTLE VILLAGE first appears
in the mists of history more than 3,000 years
ago when the Egyptian pharaohs, der fuehrers
of the B.C. era, placed it in their little black
book of conquests. It is mentioned in the Old
Testament as one, of theplaces from which the
Israelites did not drive the Canaanites. In the
long struggle before the Christian era, Acre was
the muster place of armies, the hibernum of in-
vaders of Syria, the rendezvous of captains and
kings. It was taken by the Assyrians under
The Assyrian came down like a wolf on the fold,
And his cohorts were gleaming in purple and
At Acre Julius Caesar basked in the warmth of
Herod's hospitality. The Emperor Claudius made
it, a Roman colony, and Paul rested there be-
tween boats while traveling from Tyre to Cae-
In 638 the Arabs retook the town, and it be-
came the scene of many struggles in the Cru-
sades. Generous merchants who had estab-
lished a monastery at Jerusalem moved it to
Acre-St. John d'Acre. The monks who kept
the monastery were called Hospitalers, and
knights from almost every European country
joined the Knights of St. John, a powerful order
almost a nation within itself. It held towns and
foirtresses, developed an army and a fleet. With
the Knights Templar the order became one of
the two great military orders of the Middle Ages.
ACRE was the last stronghold of the Cru-
saders, and fell after years of battle to the
Saracens in 1200, later to be taken by the Turks.
.When Napoleon attempted to emulate the
Macedonian Alexander in the East he was sty-
mied at Acre by the British fleet in 1799. Egypt
retook the town in 1832, and eight .years later
it was razed by the allied fleets of England, Aus-
tria and Turkey. Exactly 100 years before the
Vichy-British treaty at Acre the Turks regained
the town, and kept it until it was taken by the
British in World War I.
ND THUS in the history of one small fisher-
WASHINGTON-For just about one century
the African Republic of Liberia has been a pain
in the neck to the United States government.
But now, at long last, it may .justify the head-
aches it has caused in Washington. It may be
Liberia, meaning a "free country," was founded
even before the Civil War by American Negroes
who sought to establish a free black republic
and lead a movement "Back to Africa." The
idea was encouraged by abolitionist leaders in
New England, and the colony had an auspicious
HOWEVER, American Negroes transplanted to
Africa later became slave-owners themselves,
and established a lively trade selling their own
brethren from the jungle to plantation owners.
This trade of blacks selling blacks got so bad
that irate Henry L. Stimson, then Secretary of
State, practically forced the resignation of the
president of Liberia. Stimson stamped out the
slave trade and Liberia has been fairly clean
Liberia always has been under the protection
of the United States. Its government operates
partly on funds borrowed from the U.S. govern-
ment, and its customs are watched by a U.S.
collector. A friendly U.S. gunboat drops in at
its ports from time to time, and U.S. Minister
Lester Walton, a Harlem newspaper editor, car-
ries great weight in the affairs of the country.
NOW SUDDENLY, with the hasty Nazi-super-
vised arming of French Dakar, Liberia is
coming to have great importance. It is located
south of Dakar in an area friendly to Great
Britain and the United States and which could
be used to protect the coast of South America.
For some time military strategists have driven
home to the White House and State Department
the very great importance of West Africa in
preserving the Monroe Doctrine. For if a hos-
tile army gains control of West Africa, the hop
across the South Atlantic to Brazil and Uruguay
is relatively easy for modern bombing planes.
The Vichy government has now openly ad-
mitted the arming of Dakar against the United
States, and Free Frenchmen escaping from
North Africa have reported that about 3,500
Nazi technicians were busy in Dakar and other
parts of French Northwest Africa installing
coast artillery and building air bases.
HOWEVER, south of Dakar and near Liberia,
deGaulle Frenchmen are in control. Thus
this part of equatorial Africa is being studied
carefully as a base from which U.S. forces might
operate to block Nazi operations against the
Nazi Lowdown On U.S.
Here is some interesting light on the current
splurge of reports that Hitler will stage a new
"peace offer" offensive.
At a recent dinner party in Havana, the Ger-
man Charge d'Affaires, Herr Tauchnitz, was
asked by a Cuban how long he thought the war
would last. This was the Nazi's reply:
"About six months-by which time both the
Pope and the President of the United States will
have made an intervention for peace and the
action of the President will be very important."
"But do you really think," the Cuban asked
in surprise, "that the President will act in this
manner? He has not talked that way."
"If you will recall," replied the German
charge, "that I said the President of the United
States. I did not mention any name, either that
of Roosevelt or Colonel Lindbergh."
Hot inside warfare is raging 1inthe AFL over
President Bill Green's appointment of that
seven-man committee to study defense labor
conditions and "promote union cooperation"
with the government.
IT WAS HUSHED UP, but at a caucus last
week the poweful building trade unions,
representing the biggest voting bloc in the AFL,
flatly repudiated the "cooperation" committee,
then followed this up by bluntly telling Green
that the committee didn't exist as far as the
building trade unions were concerned.
to be in the limelight, both Woll and Watt have
been miffed at not landing top defense jobs.
AFTER LISTENING to the fiery blast of Brick-
layer Bates, the caucus decided unanimously
(1) that Hillman and his labor advisory com-
mittee were doing an efficient job; (2) that no
good purpose could be served by the committee,
and (3) that building tradesmen representation
in the defense setup (outside that in Hillman's
organization) should come from their own de-
partment in the AFL, headed by John Coyne.
Following the caucus, a delegation led by
Bates called on Green personally and notified
him of their decision.
"We want it clearly understood, Bill," Bates
declared frankly, "that your committee is not
to represent the building trades in any manner,
shape or form, or interfere with the representa-
tion we now have in the OPM and other agen-
cies. Also, we want it clearly understood that
your committee will keep out of the building
trades field in making any studies it may under-
take. W've come here to get such assurances
SINCE the building trade unions are autono-
mous, Green had no alternative but to agree.
By JUNE MCKEE
rTHE SUMMER SESSION'S fourth radio as-
sembly today features David Owen, father of
the strip show-or air "soap opera." From the
drama staff of the CBS in Chicago, Mr. Owen
comes to the auditorium of the Kellogg Institute
at 4:15 p.m. with an extensive background in
broadcasting. To audiences of the air, he has
introduced, among others, "Betty and Bob,"
"Skippy," and "Jack Armstrong." Mr. Owen will
be interviewed by Prof. Waldo Abbot, who ex-
tends cordial invitations to everyone interested.
Arrangements are now set to present two pro-
grams by the High School Clinic Band, through
WJR at 4:45 p.m., today and tomorrow. Under
the direction of William D. Revelli, 140 young
musicians from approximately 50 different cities
in Michigan will play. The program will be
broadcast from the auditorium of Perry School
at Packard and Division.
Copies of the political science talks presented
by Professors James K. Pollock and Dr. Charles
E. Martin are being made for all desiring perma-
nent record of "The German Problem" and
"America's Responsibility in the Pacific." Re-
quests made to Broadcasting Service will be
filled during the week.
A student of Germany for many years, Pro-
fessor Pollock believes this "anybody's war" in
which the first job is to defeat Germany. He
pointed out three necessities: to make perfectly
clear to the German people first of all that the
German army has been defeated; to sufficiently
humiliate the country by an invading army's
physical occupation in preventing further up-
rising, and then, viewing the enormous economic
and social rehabilitation problems posed, to help
keep the house in order by such outside aid as
an internal governing commission could furnish.
The responsibilities of the United States in the
Pacific and Far East, as summed up by Dr.
Martin. visiting professor from the University
of Michigan, will be ready for distribution by
the week's end.
* * *
From "The Nation's Vacationland," at Macki-
nac Island, Mort Jampel writes that Chuck
Bowen and Gerry Schaflander are now working
at WSOO . . . also that Mike Church will be
there this week-end, promoting a $12,000 pag-
eant for the government, handling the radio end
of the deal-for which Dr. Joe Maddy will be
over from Interlochen 150 strong .--.
Dick Maddy, son of the National Music Camp
president, has just won first chair percussionist
honors, playing with the national high school
orchestra in network broadcasts over NBC Blue
OUR BUSINESS STAFF here at
The Daily is plagued every day
with circulation complaints by people
who haven't gotten their paper,
sometimes our fault and sometimes
not. The other day they received
one, and the vice-president in charge
of circulation complaints looked up
the name of the complainant, and
couldn't find it in the files. So he
wrote the young lady, and told her
that we rely on the University to
supply the names of those entitled
to a subscription, and that we had
not received her name from them,
undoubtedly a mistake on their part.
He also told her that if she would
bring her treasurer's receipt up here,
her name would be entered in the
And so back comes this reply in
Neither your organization nor
mine is at fault for your failure to
receive my card for The Daily-
just one of those failures in rou-
tine that happen.
However, it does seem to me a
bit unreasonable to make a per-
sonal appearance to get something
that should have come through in
the usual order. If you will turn
to page - line - in the Student
Summer Directory you will be able
to verify my standing as a student,
or lift your receiver and call the
Graduate School and you can ver-
ify that student No. - is now in
attendance. Nickel enclosed for the
Complainant got her paper; the
nickel was returned.
TOM THUMB desires me to print
the following notice for him:
Since this thing has gone far
enough I hereby step out of the
picture and retract all statements
about schoolteachers, this merely
being a circulation-builder for
(one word censored here) Terence.
This was done without malicious
intent, but was not received in the
spirit in which it was conceived.
I am short and fat and cannot get
a date. I am the campus' prize
heel and despoiler of fair woman-
hood. I am a lecher. I do not take
notes in class. I was suckled by a
skunk. I throw stones at my
I hereby bequeath the school-
teacher problem to Terence, who
has the proper type of mind for
teacher-baiting. - I am sorry it
started and I do hope you all en-
joy the Summer Session.
- Tom Thumb
P.S. Because of scholastis defi-
ciency, I am not supposed to
be writing in The Daily this
I NEVER said anything about
schoolteachers and I never will.
Just acted as middle-man in reprint-
ing letters answering my inane
friend. Hence I refuse his bequest.
I like school teachers, and with the
weather as nice as it has been I
might even get to like Tom Thumb.
Anyway, further comments, criti-
cisms, questions, answers or sugges-
tions re: schoolteachers should be
addressed to A. P. Blaustein, keeper
of POTPOURRI. If you'll remem-'
ber the whole thing started there,
and it can go right back as far as
NEWS ITEM: The United States
government, through the Recon-
struction Finance Corporation, today
authorized a loan of $425,000,000 to
the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland to pay for
American war materials ordered be-
fore the enactment of the Lease-
Well I'll be! We have to lend them
4% million in order that they can
pay us what they owe. I don't get
it . . . sounds too much like Ec. 51.
GRIN AND BEAR IT
"Don't mind Estelle-it annoys her when friends drop in unexpectedly
to find the house looking as it usually does!"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the office of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.m. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
"The Little Foxes" by Lillian Hell-
man will be presented at 8:30 p.m. to-
night through Saturday night at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre by the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
Department of Speech. Single ad-
missions are 75c, 50c, and 35c. The
box office is open from 10 a.m. to
8:30 p.m. (Phone 300).
Dancers for The Gondoliers. Any-
one interested in dancing in The
Gondoliers report at the ballroom of
the Michigan League Thursday after-
noon at 5 o'clock.
Seminar in Pure Mathematics will
meet on Wednesday, at 4:15 p.m., in
3201 A.H. Dr. Bella Manel will speak
on "A general mapping theorem for
multiply connected domains.-
The Summer Session French Club:
The third meeting of the Summer
Session French Club will take place
Thursday, July 24, at 8 p.m. at "Le
Foyer Francais," 1414 Washtenaw.
Mr. Arthur Hackett, Professor of
Voice in the :University School of
Music, will sing a group of French
songs, and Mr. Richard Jean Picard,
of Paris, will relate his flight by bi-
cycle from Paris to Bordeaux in June
Membership in the Club is still
open. Those interested please see
Professor Charles E. Koella, Room
200, Romance Language Building.
Professor Tilson of Indiana State
Teachers College will give a Demon-
stration Lecture on Music Tests at
8:00 p.m., Wednesday, July 23 in Lane
For Wednesday, July 23. Special
Announcement-Change in Recital
Time. The High School Clinic Solo
and Ensemble Recital, William D.
Revelli, Chairman, has been-changed
from 4:15, Wednesday, July 23, Hill
Auditorium, to 8:30 p.m., Wednesday,
July 23, at Hill Auditorium.
One-Act Plays: The Laboratory
Theater of the Department of Speech
will present two separate bills of one-
act plays Friday, July 25, at 3:00 p.m.
and Saturday, July 26, at 10:00 a.m.
in the auditorium of the Ann Arbor
High School. These plays are direct-
ed, acted, produced, costumed, and
the sets built by students in the act-
ing, directing, and technical theater
courses of the Department of Speech.
All students of the School of Educa-
tion, the Department of English, the
Department of Speech, and of Ann
Arbor High School are cordially in-
vited to come. Admission is free.
Whatever- seating room remains is
open to the public.
The Childhood of Maxim Gorky will
be shown at the Rackham School Lec-
ture Hall July 24 at 8:15 p.m. Tickets
are available at Wahr's, League and
Union. Art Cinema League.
Clinic Band Radio Broadcast., The
1941 High School Clinic Band, Wil-
liam D. Revelli, Conductor, will pre-
sent a broadcast over radio station
WJR from 4:45 to 5 p.m. on Wednes-
day, July 23 and Thursday, July 24.
The, program will originate from
Perry School, Ann Arbor.
Clinic Ensemble Recital. An en-
semble selected from the High School
Clinic Band will present a recital at
4:15 p.m., Wednesday, July 23, in the
July 23, 4:15 p.m. "The Effect of
War on the Social Order. Hans Speier,
Professor of Sociology, The New
School for Social Research, New York
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
a program composed entirely of Itali-
an songs from 7:15 to 8 p.m., Thurs-
day, July 24 in the Burton Memorial
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service Examinations. Last
date for filing application is noted
in each' case:
United States Civil Service
Junior Public Health Nurse, salary
$1,800, until further notice.
Farmer-Fieldman, $2,600, August 7,
Senior Inspector, Ordnance Mater-
ial, $2,600, until further notice.
Inspector, Ordnance Material, $2,-
300, until further notice.
Associate Inspector, Ordnance Ma-
terial, $2,000, until further notice.
Assistant Inspector, Ordnance Ma-
terial, $1,800, until further notice.
Junior Inspector, Ordnance Mater-
ial, $1,620, until further notice.
Principal Industrial Specialist, $5,-
600, August 7, 1941.
Senior Industrial Specialist, $4,600,
August 7, 1941.
Industrial Specialist, $3,800, August
Associate Industrial Specialist, $3,-
200 August 7, 1941.
Assistant Industrial Specialist, $2,-
600, August 7, 1941.
Housing Management Supervisor,
$3,800, August 14, 1941.
Chief Housing Management Super-
visor, $6,500, August 14, 1941.
Principal Housing Management
Supervisor, $5,600, August 14, 1941.
Senior Housing Management Su-
pervisor, $4,600, August 14, 1941.
Associate Housing Management
Supervisor, $3,200, August 14, 1941.
Assistant Housing Management Su-
pervisor, $2,600, August 14, 1941.
Project Auditor, 3,200, until further
Chief Project Auditor, $5,600, until
Head Project Auditor, $4,600, until
Principal Project Auditor, $3,800,
until further notice.
Senior Project Auditor, $3,500, un-
til further notice.
Associate Project Auditor, $2,900,
until further notice.
Assistant Project Auditor, $2,600,
WJR WWJ CKLW WXYZ
760 KC - CBS 950 KC - NBC Red 800 KC - Mutual -1270KC - NBC Blue
6:00 Stevenson News Tyson Sports Rollin' Home Easy Aces
6:15 Inside of Sports World News Rollin' Home Keen Tracer
6:30 Mr. Meek News by Smits Club Romanza Lone Ranger
6:45 Mr. Meek Sports Parade Serenade Lone Ranger
7:00 Grand Central Thin Man Happy Joe Quiz Kids
7:15 Station Adventures val Clare Quiz Kids
7:30 Dr. Christian Plantation Air Temple Manhattan
7:45 Dr. Christian Party Interlude at Midnight
8:00 Millions Quizzer College Series Behind the News
8:15 for Defense Base Ball Interlude Old Traveler
8:30 Millions Mr. District Double or Pactfinder
8:45 for Defense Attorney Nothing Steele Orch.
9:00 G. Miller's Orch. Kay Kyser's Quartette Mich. Highways
9:15 Public Affairs Kollege of Danger-Business To Be Announced
9:30 Juan Arviz Musical Henry Weber's Kinney Orch.