Fair and Warmer
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
And Education. ..
VOL. LI. No. 18 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 22, 1941 Z-323
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Nazis Claim Destruction
Of Large Russian Forces
Speaker To Present Final
Lecture On 'Christianity
In A World At War'
Students, faculty members and
local and visiting clergymen will
gather on campus today to open the
seventh Conference on Religion, a
consideration of "current religious
education and the relation of relig-
ious leaders and agencies to the pub-
Included in the program for the
three-day conclave are forum discus-
sions, ectures and attendance at var-
jous classes, the last a privilege
granted visiting clergymen through
the courtesy of the Summer Session.
Principle speaker in the confer-
ence will be Prof. Basil Mathews,
noted educator, writer and lecturer,
who will address the final meeting
at 4:15 p.m. Thursday in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall on "Christianity In
a World at War."
Educated at Oxford, Professor
Mathews has come from Britain for
one semester each year for nine years
to serve as professor of Christian
world relations in Boston University
and Andover - Newton Theological
Seminary. Early in 1941 he moved
to the United States to. resume his
lectures at Boston.
He brings to this work experience
in many parts of the world. For five
years, while engaged in international
editorial work, he lived in Geneva,
Switzerland, and traveled extensively
in every European country. Besides
attending almost every world Chris-
tian conference, from Edinbrgh
(1910) to Madras (1938), he has
made an intensive study of condi-
tions In Palestine, Syria and India,
as well as in Europe and America;
in these journeys he has especially
studied youth, whether in univer-
sities, industry or rural life, and has
spent much time with its leaders.
Lengthy visits with such men as
Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlai Nehru,
Rabindranath Tagore and Bishop
Azarieh of Dornakal, as well as in
villages and slum surroundings, have
inspired the first-hand, realistic in-
sight in books like India Reveals
Herselfhand Young Islam on Trek,
which have come from his pen.
Clash Of Color
Other books for which Professor
Mathews is known include The Clash
of Colour, a study of the race prob-
lem, which has been translated into
many European and Asiatic lan-
guages, and Paul the Dauntless and
A Life of Jesus, both products of
study in Palestine, Syria, Turkey,
Greece, and other nations.
His most recent book, Supreme En-
counter: The God of History in the
World Today, which was a Book-of-
the-Month selection in the Religious
Book Club of England, illustrates
how relevant is the entire Bible to
the present world crisis.
Preceding Professor Mathews' lec-
tures will be luncheons at 12:15 p.m.
in the Union on each of the three
days, and forums, from 2:30 to 4:00
p.m. in the East Conference Room
of the Rackham Building, upon the
general topic of the conference.
Lemon To Speak
Speaker at the first luncheon will
be Dr. William P. Lemon, pastor of
the First Presbyterian Church in Ann
Arbor, who will discuss "World Liter-
ature in Account With Religion," il-
lustrated by selected readings. Dr.
Lemon, who is outstanding in reli-
gious circles throughout the country,
came to Ann Arbor seven years ago,
after preaching ten yearsnat the
University of Minnesota and four
years at the University of Iowa.
Specific topic for the first forum
will be "The Development of the
Public School and Present Attitudes
Toward Other Educative Agencies,"
to be presented by Prof. Claude Eg-
gertsen of the School of Education.
Discussion will be introduced by the
Rev. Charles W. Brashares of the
First Methodist Church and the Rev.
H. P. Marley of the Unitarian
Cancer Is Subject
Of Medical Lecture
PROF. BASIL MATHEWS
To Be Offered
Among the courses which will be
open to visiting clergymen, in Ann
Arbor for the seventh Conference on
Religion which opened today, will be
that on religion and civilization, con-
ducted by Prof. Leroy Waterman,
professor of semitics and chairman
of the Department of Oriental Lan-
guages and Literature.
One of the eight classes which the
Summer Sessionadministration has
opened for the entire week to these
visitors, Professor Waterman's course
will convene at 11 a,m. today, to-
morrow and Thursday in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham
Subject for his lecture today is
"The Nature and Aim of Religion."
Continuing tomorrow, he will offer
"The Pervei'sions of Religion by False
Reasoning," and Thursday's topic will
be "The Perversion of Religion by
Professor Waterman was one of
the translators of the American
translations of the Bible, published in
1935 and, according to Dr. Edward
W. Blakeman, counselor in religious
education for the University, "a schol-
arly work through which he and his
associates, J. Powiss Smith and Ed-
gar Goodspeed, performed an out-
standing literary and Biblical serv-
Ashbaugh To Give
Dean of the School of Education,
Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, Dr.
E. J. Ashbaugh will deliver an address
at 4:05 p.m. today in the University
High School Auditorium.
Dr. Ashbaugh will talk on, "Trends
in Teacher Education." He is well
informed on this subject as, in addi-
tion to his present post, he has served
as Director of the Bureau of Educa-
tion Services at the University of
Iowa, and Assistant Director of the
Bureau of Educational Research at
Ohio State University.
MOSCOW, Tuesday, July 22.-(AP)
- German airplanes last night
bombed Moscow for the first time
in the German-Russian war.
NEW YORK, Tuesday, July 22.-
(1P)-CBS credited to the British
wireless early today a report the
Moscow radio announced that more
than 200 German planes had at-
tempted to raid Moscow.
The report said isolated planes
reached the city, starting a few
fires and killing or injuring a num-
ber of persons.
Seventeen of the invaders were
(By The Associated Press)
The Germans claimed today (Tues-
day) their troops steadily were sur-
rounding and destroying important
blocks of the huge Soviet Red Army,
but the Russians merely reported
heavy fighting still raged in the key
areas guarding the roadways to Len-
ingrad, Moscow and Kiev.
A Russian communique issued early
today named the battle areas as
Nevel, Smnolensk, Novograd-Volynski
and Severesk, and said a Nazi air
attack on Leningrad had been beaten
off. Soviet fighters were declared
to have shot down 11 Nazi planes in
the first attempted attack on Lenin-
grad and 10 German planes in the
The town of Severesk appeared for
the first time in the official war re-
port but it did not indicate any sig-
nificant change in the front. Sev-
eresk is about 10 miles inside the
1938 Soviet frontier with Latvia and
about 60 miles northwest of Polotsk.
An authorized spokesman in Ber-
lin jubilantly claimed the capture
of Jacob Stalin, officer-son of Joseph
Stalin, Russian premier and Red
Kessler, Blaustein, Huyett,
Yager Selected To Chair
Individual Parley Panels
Daniel Huyett, Joseph A. Yager,
Karl Kessler and A. P. Blaustein will
head the four discussion panels of
the Summer Parley, opening its two-
day meeting here Friday, it was an-
nounced yesterday by Irving Jaffe,
The first panel, "Democracy After
the War," will be led by Blaustein
while Yager will head the second
group, "Economic Problems of De-
fese." Huyett and Kessler will be
in charge of the third and fourth
panels, "The 'Four Freedoms' at
Home" And "Education In a Time
The Parley, which is devoted to
the general theme of a "Pattern For
Democracy-Today and Tomorrow,"
will open Friday at 3:30 p.m. in the
Union. The discussion panels are set
for 2:15 p.m. and 7:30 p.m. Satur-
day with the closing session sched-
uled for 9 o'clock. Harold Guetzkow
will preside at the opening and clos-
Both Jaffe and William Ditz, Par-
ley chairman, have yet to select a
speaker to keynote the annual con-
ference series. As in the two pre-
vious Summer Parleys, a prominent
faculty member will probably be
Army commander-in-chief. He said
the younger Stalin was taken in
fighting between Vitebsk and Smo-
lensk on the road to Moscow.
The German news agency DNB
said German planes inflicted severe
losses on Russian troops concentrated
in the Shimsk-Novgorod sector 100
miles south of Leningrad, as well as
successfully raiding Red air bases up
and down the long front.
A German high command report
that there was a specific advance by
on the Ukraine front in the south
was disputed by a Budapest radio
announcement that heavy- rains had
held up Hungarian troops.
The picture left by Moscow was of
violent fighting in relatively static
and familiar battle areas with the
Russians generally holding their
long-assaulted positions and able to
claim that one of their greatest al-
lies, time, was taking a more im-
McFarland And Oxhandler
Cast In Leading Roles;
Play To Run Four Days,
Lillian Hellman's noted Broadway
success, "The Little Foxes," will open
a four day run under the sponsor-
ship of the Michigan Repertory Play-
ers of the speech department at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow in the Lydia Mendels-
Cast in the leading roles of Regina
Giddens and Oscar Hubbard are Ada
McFarland and Norman Oxhandler,
both of whom were seen in the Ann
Arbor production of "George Wash-
ington Slept Here."
Others in the play are Fawn Haw-
kins as Addie, Robert Reifsneider as
Cal, Dorothy Hadley as Birdie Hub-
bard, Robert Standart as Leo Hub-
bard, Duane Nelson,. as William- Mar-
shall, Donald Clark as Benjamin
Hubbard, Margaret Brown as Alex-
andra Giddens and Richard Hadley
as Horace Giddens.
The play involves the life of a
Southern family at the turn of the
century who have risen from the bour-
geois class and have developed a
great deal of contempt for the aris-
tocrats who have losttheir money.
In the beginning of the drama the'
family is quite a charming one but
later their desire for money becomes
so strong that they finally turn upon
each other when the occasion presents
itself. Prof. Valentine B. Windt of
the speech department is director.
Prof. Max Lerner To Discuss
'The State In Wartime' Today
"The State in Wartime" will be the
topic of Prof. Max Lerner of Wil-
liams College for the lecture of the
Graduate Study Program in Public
Policy in a World at War to be given
at 4:15 p.m. today in the Lecture Hall
of the Rackham School.
Taking his A.B. degree at Yale in
1923 and studying law there from
1923 to 1924, Professor Lerner earned
his A.M. degree at Washington Uni-
versity in St. Louis in 1925. In 1927
he took his Ph.D. degree at the Robert
Brookings Graduate School of Eco-
nomics and Government in Washing-
In 1927 he became assistant editor
and later was managing editor of the
Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences.
Professor Lerner was a member of the
social science faculty of Sarah Law-
rence College from 1932 to 1936 and
was chairman of the faculty of the
Wellesley Summer Institute in 1933,
1934 and 1935.
Lecturer in the department of gov-
ernment at Harvard from 1935 to
1936. Professor Lerner became editor
of "The Nation" in the latter year.
In 1938 he went to Williams College
Reservations for the fifth Univer-
sity excursion, a trip to Greenfield
Village, Dearborn, must be made in
Room 1213 Angell Hall before 5 p.m.
today, it was announced.
The excursion will be held tomor-
row, the party leaving from the front
of Angell Hall at 1 p.m. and return-
ing to Ann Arbor at 5:45 p.m. Ex-
penses for the trip will be $1 for bus
fare, ,but admission to the Village and
the museum will probably be free to
those having bus tickets.
Greenfield Village, constructed
through 'the efforts of Henry Ford,
is typical of an American town of 80
years ago. Surrounding the village
green are the church, colonial style
town hall, red-brick school house,
tavern, general store, post office, toll
gate station, tin type gallery, and
blacksmith and cobbler shops.
Added to this community are the
buildings and equipment of Thomas
A. Edison's Menlo Park laboratory,
where he worked on many of his in-
ventions, including the electric light.
Several other buildinsg of historical
interest are also on the grounds.
Also open to the public is a large
indoor museum of early America and
a remarkable collection on trans-
Club Will Hold Picnic
The Commercial Education Club
will hold a picnic tomorrow at Port-
age Lake for all members past and
present. Those wishing to attend
will meet at the playground entrance
of University High School at 5 p.m.
WASHINGTON, July 21.-(A)-A
sharply divided Congress today re-
ceived from President Roosevelt an
urgent appeal that it declare a pa-
1 tional emergency so that army se-
lectees, national guardsmen and re-
'£ servists can be kept in service.
Mr. Roosevelt asserted emphati-
cally that "the danger to American
safety today is infinitely greater"
than it was last year when these
troops were called to the colors for
service expected to last only a year,
and he urged that they not be mus-
tered out now.
He also recommended, "because of
the swiftness of modern events," that
Congress remove the restriction
which now limits to 900,000 the num-
ber of selectees that can be enrolled
in any single year. The Army as a
MAX LERNER. whole could not be increased beyond
___________________________ 1the force of 1,725,000 now contem-
as professor of political science, and plated, however, unless Congress ap-
has held that position since. propriated funds for more troops.
Professor Lerner is the author of 0 present strength is about 1,500,-
"It Is Later Than You Think." Dub-
Congress Is Sharply Split
On FDR's Urgent Appeal
Chief Executive Requests
Restrictions On. Draftee
Enrollment Be Removed
Claim Nazis Plan
lished in 1938, and "Ideas Are Weap-
ons," printed in 1939. He has been a
collaborator in several works on social
science problems, and has contributed
articles on that subject to various
Prof. Arthur S. Aiton of the his-
tory department will introduce Pro-
fessor Lerner before today7's lecture.
This week's theme for the Gradu-
ate Study Program is 'A Nation at
lWar." Tomorrow Prof. Hans Speier
of the N Se ooli of Social Researc-h
in New York City will speak.
Discusses Social Security
And Teachers' Position
Speaking on "Teachers and Social
Security," Dr. I. A. Booker told his
audience yesterday that the intro-
duction in August, 1940, of an
amendment to the Social Security
Act to make teaching a "covered"
occupation started a sharp contro-
versy as to the merits and disad-
vantages of such an extension of the
The amendment, suggested by Sen.
Wagner, in general, was to make
public employment workers eligible
for old-age and survivors' insurance
under Title II of the act.
Because the welfare and interests
of teachers are vitally affected by
such proposals, they must carefully
study the issues involved, Dr. Booker
went on, and advise their congres-
sional representatives as to their de-
sires in this matter.
The problem is by no means a sim-
ple one, the speaker concluded, but
it is sufficiently vital to warrant an
earnest, fair-minded attack.
Enid Szantho, Arthur Hackett
To Present Concert Here Today
(By The Associated Press)
Both sides claimed victory last
(Monday) night in the first pitched
propaganda battle of the war-the
British and German radio stations
told in broadcasts how the letter "V"
was being shouted, sung, tapped out
in Morse code on table tops, laughed
and plastered up on buildings all
over German-occupied Europe.
The British Radio, whose broad-
casts initialed the "V" campaign-
said the V's were in response to its
call for mobilization in German-
Europe of an underground army to
work for overthrow of the Nazi re-
gime. The army's first mission was
to get the Germans' goat by the "V"
A 500-word account by the Ger-
man radio declared the "V's" scat-
tered by the million over the conti-
nent stood for "Viktoria-the Ger-
man motto, victory for Europe."
The German broadcast told in de-
tail how "V" symbols were displayed
in The Netherlands, Belgium, Nor-
way, former Czechoslovakia, occu-
pied France and Poland, and con-
"Thus, the German Viktoria cam-
paign is off to an excellent start."
Final 'Job' Lecture
To Be Given Today
Discusing "Why People Get Fired."
at 7 p.m. today in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall, the Bureau of Appointments
Mr. Roosevelt's appeal, emphasiz-
ing that "time counts," was directed
not only to Congress, in the form of
a message, but to the people as well
with an unprecedented resort to a
vocal recording which permitted ra-
dio stations to broadcast his words in
his own, unmistakable accents. He
explained, in preface to the record-
ing, that he felt his message "should
be made available to as many of our
citizens as possible," .for their in-
Immediately Chairman May (Dem-
Ky.) of the House military commit-
tee introduced two resolutions to re-
tain the Army in service and to re-
move the limit on the number of
selectees but making no declaration
of an emergency on behalf of Con-
One resolution provided that Mr.
Roosevelt might call up an unlimited
number of selectees "to serve for
such period beyond 12 months as the
President may deem necessary in the
interests of national defense." It also
provided that the active service of
selectees now on duty "may be simi-
larly extended by the President to
such period of time as he may deem
necessary in the interests of national
Thesother resolution extended "all
enlistments, appointments and com-
missions of limited time or tenure
which now exist or which may here-
after exist in the Army," including
those of guardsmen and reserve offi-
cers, until six months after the ter-
mination of the unlimited national
emergency which the President al-
ready has declared.
* * *
Nazis Plan To Attack
Free European Nations
warning by the United States that
Germany was planning military
moves against other free nations of
Europe centered speculation anew
tonight on the Atlantic possessions
of Spain, Portugal and strategic
French North Africa.
Refusing to name countries or give
details, Sumner Welles, Acting Sec-
retary of State, said the government
had evidence that new Nazi steps
of aggression were contemplated
against some remaining independent
states in Europe.
Spain, Portugal and North Africa
were named as next possible German
objectives by General George C.
Marshall, army chief of staff, in tes-
tifyingon selective service legisla-
tion before the Senate military af-
fairs committee last week.
"You can see Spain, Portugal and
North Africa covered very quickly,"
Marshall said. "Each move leaves
the Axis forces more and more ready
for another move."
Enid Szantho, famed Metropolitan O
Opera contralto, and Prof. Arthur
Hackett of the School of Music, ten-
or, will offer a concert at 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium with Prof.
Joseph Brinkman and John Kollen
Opening the program, Professor
Hackett will sing Ravel's "La Flute
enchante" and "Air de 'enfant" and
will continue with four compositions
by Debussy, "Beau Soir," "Il pleure
dans mon coeur," "Green" and "Man-
Wagner's "Schmerzen," "Traume"
and "Waltraute's Narrative" and
Wolf's "Morgenstimmung," "Gebet,"
"Der Gartner" and "Gesang Weyla's"
will be presented by Miss Szantho.
Professor Hackett will also give
Trois Jours de Vendange" by Hahn,
"Par le sentier" by Dubois, "La Pro-
Hoover Says Full Cooperation
Is Vital For Defense Program
By HARRY M. KELSEY <
Full cooperation of each individual
is imperative for the success of our
defense effort, warned Dean Calvin
B. Hoover of Duke University in his
lecture for the Graduate Study Pro-
gram in Public Policy in a World at
"Our national existence is in jeop-
ardy and maintenance of our exist-
ence as an independent state and as
a free people depends upon the suc-
cess of our national defense effort,"
Dean Hoover, who is economic advis-
er to the Office of Price Administra-
tion and Consumer Supply, asserted.
"But if we all as individuals took
the attitudes that war was an oppor-
tunity to get our wages, our prices,
our profits, our salaries raised, or
even if we insisted that whatever
> In order to develop a war economy
that will make it possible for us to
resist the totalitarian nations an in-
dividual sense of responsibility must
be achieved by every person, Dean
Hoover maintained. He pointed to
the people of France as an example
of the result of a lack of this sense
"If we had to choose between the
lot of conquered France for ourselves
and whatever degree of economic sac-
rifice we might be called upon tc
make there would be little doubt of
the decision each one of us would
make," Dean Hoover said. The great-
est difficulty in the organization o1
a war economy is to develop a habit
of thinking in terms of such alterna-
tives, he noted.