Fair, .somewhat warmer.
Off icial Publication Of The Summer Session
And Defeatism .. .
VOL. LI. No. 17 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 20, 1941 Z-323
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Dean Hoover To Sneak
High School Band Clinic To Give
Session's Second Concert Today
Capital Termed Vulnerable
To Troops That Forced
Land Gate Of Smolensk
A Different Story
(By The Associated Press)
Germans declared last night that
Moscow lay vulnerable before an
army that had forced the Smolensk
land gate to the capital, but today's
Russian communique told of con-
tinuing great battles in the Smolensk,
Pskov, Polotsk-Nevel and Novograd-
Volynski areas, suggesting the Ger-
man thrust has been held at least
It was in those general sectors, the
approaches of Moscow, Leningrad
and Kiev that the Russians reported
fighting in progress previously.
In addition, the Soviet information
Bureau said Russian bombers and
torpedo boats had destroyed 11 Ger-
man troop transports and tankers
in a great raid on a Nazi convoy in
the Baltic Sea.
Premier Joseph Stalin further
tightened his personal control of
Russia's military effort by assuming
the post of Defense Commissar,. a
position held since May 8, 1940, by
Marshal Semeon Timoshenko.
The Marshal, credited largely with
modernization of the Red Army and
newly placed in active command of
Russia's western front, was made
The Germans, in claiming the road
to Moscow now lay comparatively
open, represented destruction of the
Red Army as a more immediate ob-
jective than capture of the Soviet
A possible explanation of the Ger-
man disdain for Moscow might be
An Istanbul informant-an Axis
diplomat who left Moscow just be-
fore the conflict %tarted-said the
Russians were. -holding 4,000,000
troops in reserve, behind Moscow,
ready for a sharply timed counter-
. Officially, the Russians had little
to say today on the trend of the war.
They identified the Smolensk sector
as the point of greatest pressure but
omitted the usual claim that they
were holding their ground. Indica-
tions were that a tremendous strug-
gle was under way to cut off the
The army newspaper Red Star re-
ported two cities, unidentified, had
been retaken by guerillas harassing
the German rear.
To Be Subject
Of Alton Talks
Three Lectures In Spanish
Will Be Given; First
One Set For Tomorrow
Three lectures in Spanish on "Re-
lations of the United States With
Latin America"'will be given by Prof.
Arthur S. Aiton of the history de-
partment at 5 p.m. tomorrow, Thurs-
day and Friday in the Amphitheatre
of the Rackham School.
The lectures are part of the pro-
gram of the Latin-American Sum-
mer Session of the International Cen-
ter attended by students -from Ecua-
dor, Chile and Venezuela brought
here by the Grace Line.
Professor Aiton's lectures are by
way of introduction to a series of 12
lectures on "Some Aspects of the
Culture of the United States" to be-
gin Tuesday, July 29, with a talk by
Prof. Verner W. Crane of the history
A recognized authority on Latin-
America, Professor Aiton will leave
in a few weeks for Costa Rica, where
he is to give a course of lectures at
the National University.
All interested who have a sufficient
knowledge of Spanish may attend.
Fort Custer To Conduct
ROTC Officers' School
FORT CUSTER, July 19.-(P)-Col.
Robert G. Kirkwood, a field artillery
instructor at the University of Illi-
nois, will be the commandant of an
officers' school Aug. 4.to 23 at Fort
Burden Of Proof Plus
That Of Marriage-Nix!
LANSING, Mich., July 19.-()-
Col. Samuel D. Pepper, deputy direc-
tor of the draft in Michigan, said
today the "burden of proof is placed
upon the registrant to establish that
his marriage resulted from the
normal course of human events" if
he has married since Oct. 16, when
Selective, Service registrations began.
"The registrant," Col. Pepper
added, "will be obliged to make a
showing that his marriage was not
an elevent -hour effort."
He dedareddraft boards might
require affidavits from relatives of
the registrant and his bride to show
the duration of the courtship prior
to the marriage, and that decisions
would remain with local boards.
Should evidence indicate a young
man married to evade the draft, Pep-
To Be Subject
Of Policy T alk
Price, Brinkman, Beller
And Page To Present
Other Musical, Events
The High School Clinic Band, un-
der the direction of Mark Hindsley,
guest conductor, will offer its second
concert of the Summer Session at.
4:15 p.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Featured on the program will be a
horn quartet, "In the Country" by
Beethoven-Pottag, which will be
played by Alvia Hafer, Dale Mast,
Eugene Schmidt and Jack Yancey of,
Among the other selections which
will be heard are Gounod's "Over-
ture to Mireilla," Wood's "The Sea-
farer," Bach's "Jesu, Joy of Man's
Desiring," Curson's "Robin Hood
Suite," "Jota" by Granados, "Fiesta,
Paso Doble" by Caneva-McAllister,
"Tales of the Vienna Woods" by
Strauss and "America" by Williams.
A program of Mozart compositions
will be presented by Prof. Percival
Price of the School of Music in his
regular Sunday recital from the Bur-
ton Memorial Tower today.
Professor Price will play the Alle-
gro from first piano sonata, selections
from "The Magic Flute," "Don Gio-
vanni" and "The Marriage of Figaro,"
Sonata (for violin and piano, No. 18),
bell music from "The Magic Flute"
and "Romanze" from "Eine Kleine
At 4:15 p.m. tomorrow, Prof. Joseph
Brinkman of the School of Music and
William Belier, both pianists, will
offer the second in a series of six
programs in the Rackham Assembly
The concert will open with Haydn's
"Aidante and Variations, F minor"
and "Fantasia, C major" and will
continue with Mozart's "Sonata, D
major," Haydn's "Sonata, E-flat ma-
jor" and Mozart's "Sonata, A minor."
Burton Page, a student at the
School of Music, will present a piano
recital at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow in the
School of Music Auditorium on May-
nard Street playing sonatas by Bee-
thoven, Chopin and Darius Milhaud.
Price To Tall
Here On Early
Carillonneur Will Discuss
In Illustrated Lecture
Prof. Percival Price, professor of
composition, and University carillon-
neur, will offer a lecture at 4:10 p.m.
tomorrow in Room 202, Burton M-
morial Tower, on "Early French Mu-
sic of the Jongleurs and the Trouba-
Noblemen during the Middle Ages,
these troubadours, singers and poets,
generally sang to the accompaniment
of a lute. The jongleurs, though of
lower class in society, gave essentially
Draft For Message
Un Armed Forces
per said, he
would be classified as
To Talk Here
Lecturing on "The Requirements
of a War Economy," Dean Calvin B.
Hoover of the Graduate School at
Duke University will speak at 4:15
p.m. tomorrow in the Lecture Hall of
the Rackham School.
Dean Hoover's talk will be the first
of the week for the Graduate Study
Program in Public Policy in a World
Taking an A.B. degree at Mon-
mouth College in 1922, Dean Hoover
earned his Ph.D degree at the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin in 1926 after
doing graduate work there and at
the University of Minnesota. From
1923 to 1925 he was instructor in the
School of Business at the University
of Minnesota. He has been at Duke
since 1925 and has been Dean of the
Graduate School since 1938.
Social science research fellow for
.the study of U.S.S.R. from 1929 to
1930, Dean Hoover was economic ad-
visor to the ,Department of Agri-
culture from 1933 to 1935. In 1935
he was executive secretary of the
President's Drought Relief Commit-
tee and in 1937 was consultant of
the National Resources Committee.
Dean Hoover is the author of "The
Economic Life of Soviet Russia," pub-
lished in 1931; "Germany Enters the
Third Reich,".published in 1933, and
"Dictators and Democracies," pub-
lished in 1937.
Kaufman And Hart
Comedy Will Open
"You Can't Take It With You,"
George S. Kaufman's and Moss
Hart's comedy hit, will be presented
by the Secondary School Theatre of
the speech department under the
direction of Nancy Bowman at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow in the University High
School Auditorium. '
All students in Play Production, or
in other classes in the Department of
Speech and students in the School of
Education are invited to attend. Sea-
son ticket holders to the Michigan
Repertory Players' drama series may
also attend. Anyone else interested
may obtain permission by phoning
the speech office or the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre box office.
Continental Comic To, Play
Leading Role In Movie
At 8:15 In Rackham
Raimu, continental comic, plays
the baker in the French film "The
Baker's Wife" to be shown at 8:15
British Laborite Will Give
Lecture At 4:15 Today'
British laborite and former mem-
ber of the London County Council,
Mrs. Robert Fraser, will give a pub-
lic lecture at 4:15 p.m. today in the
Rackham Lecture Hall on "British
Labor and World War II"
Mrs. Fraser is being brought to
Ann Arbor by The Committee to De-
fend America by Aiding the Allies.
The lecture wii be free to the pub-
The noted British sociologist and
laborite was a member of the London
County Council from 1934 to 1938 in
the first majority ever received by
Labor in the metropolis.
Mrs. Fraser is wife of Robert Fras-
er, leading writer on The Daily Her-
ald, labor national daily in England.
She served as air raid warden in
London for nine months before com-
ing to this country with her small
By EUGENE MANDEBERG the same performance. p.m. today in the Lecture Hall of the
(Special to The Daily) Rackham School by the Art Cinema
Continuing with his description of League.
NIAGARA FALLS, July 19.-Met at early French music, Professor Price Acclaimed as the best movie of
Buffalo this morning by a special bus, will explain the development of the 1940, "The Baker's Wife" has Eng-
we of the Niagara Falls excursion song in that country and will also lish b-titl tt b Joh Er
arrived at our destination about 10:15 go into the theory of music, as stud- kine suThe film wsdirected by Mr-
a.m. after spending the night on the ied by scholars at Paris University.clno andfismas ed n a -
Greater Detroit, the D&C steamship Recordings will illustrate his talk. enel Pagnol and y based on an inci-
which took us over Lake Erie. This is the first in a series of three dentin a novel by Jean Giono.
Upon our arrival here, we were lectures on music, sponsored by the Ginette Leclerc, 'popular French.
taken for a tour. around the Gorge Department of Romance Languages, actress, plays the title role in the
and went over to the Canadian side and given in English, which are open story of the village baker whose mari-
of the Falls, where we lunched at to all students and faculty members tal problems are solved by the entire
the Hotel General Brock. interested, community which finds itself bread-
The trip- -around the Gorge was Second in the series will be a dis- less when his wife runs away.
especially interesting, beginning be- cussion of the development of the op- Tickets for the Art Cinema League's
low the International Bridge and cir- era, the symphony and vocal music, series of four foreign films, of which
cling through the entire area of the with special attention to music of "The Baker's Wife" is the second,
Falls. Professor Scott, of the Uni- the court. The period following the may still be obtained at the Union,
versity's geology department, ex- Middle Ages up to 1800 will be cov- the League and Wahr's book store.
plained the rock formations we saw ered by this talk, to be offered Mon- Tickets will be on sale at the Rack-
and in general answered all the ques- day, August 4. ham School from 7:30 p.m. until
tions 'put to him by the definitely starting time.
impressed students: Other films still to be shown in the
Aerial Ride Over Pool Final Job' Lecture series are "The Cobbler of Koepen-
Following the 14 mile ride around O r uick" on Aug. 3 and "Crime and Pun-
the Gorge, we went to the railroad To Be On Tuesday ishment" on Aug. 10.
bridges above the Whirlpool, 'and
most of the party was game for an Final lecture in the Bureau of Ap-
aerial ride over the 'pool.' Looking pointments and Occupational In- 'Motley Crew' Is Leading
down from our little car, we were able formation's series will be presented President, Wheeler Says
to see a magnificent view of the Falls at 7 p.m. Tuesday in the Rackham
and gasp at the height we were at. Lecture Hall, titled "Why People Do WASHINGTON, July 19.-(P)-,--
Later in the afternoon, we went Not Hold Jobs." Senator Wheeler (Dem.-Mont.) con-
through the Cave of the Winds, a Previously, under the general head, tended today that 'President Roose-
series of tunnels which run behind "Why People Do Not Get Jobs," two velt was basing foreign policy on the
the Falls, and come out to the very lectures were offered, showing that advice of "a motley crew" consisting
brink of wall over which the water wrong courses and undesirable per- of Secretaries Knox and Ickes, Lease
falls. This was extremely interesting, sonality traits were often responsible Lend Coordinator Harry Hopkins and
both from a scenic % and geological for unemployment. Felix Frankfurter, an associatice jus-
point of view, for the numerous for- Dr. T. Luther Purdom, director of tice of the Supreme Court.
mations have been exposed through the Bureau, stressed the fact that Renewing the running verbal ex-
the eroding of the water. these lectures are meant to show change between himself and the Chief
Ride On Maid Of The Mist people how to apply for a job, and Executive, Wheeler asserted that the
Having seen how the Falls looked how to keep a job once they had se- great bulk of American public opine'
from that particular angle, we board- cured one. It is not meant to ex- ion was not reflected in the Presi-
ed the Maid of the Mist, and in an plain how to get a- job. dent's actions.
exciting ride, steamed around the
bottom of the drop, and then went
behind the waterfall, to the agony Lemon Will Address Seventh
of several of our party. Incidentally,,
everyone looked especially handsome Religious Conference Tuesday
in the over-sized raincoats and hats
Will Seek To Hold Draftees
And Others In Service
Over Enlistment Period
Voluntary Gas Cut
Is Asked By Ickes
WASHINGTON, July 19. -()-
President Roosevelt dictated today
a tentative draft of his message to
Congress recommending that the
service period of draftees, National
Guardsmen and reserves be prolonged
and set aside the entire weekend for
the completion of the communica-
A Congress already deeply em-
broiled in controversy over the issue
will receive it on Tuesday or later,
scarcely 10 days before the Aug. 1
deadline, beyond which Gen. George
C. Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff
has said enactment of the legislation
could not be postponed with safety.
What line of approach the Presi-
dent will take was, of course, a close-
ly guarded secret, but some were dis-
posed to think that he mght urge the
declaration of a state of national
emergency by Congress; as a basis for
retaining the men in the army after
the year for which they were induct-
Production To Be Curtailed
From the office of prices and civil-
ian supply, meanwhile, came an an-
nouncement that production of auto-
mobiles, mechanical refrigerators and
household laundry equipment, would
be reduced by as much as 50 per cent
in the next 12 months, because of an
"acute shortage" of raw materials
needed for defense production.
Leon Henderson, the price adnin-
istrator, also said conferences were in
progress with manufacturers of air
conditioning apparatus, heating and
cooking equipment, metal furniture
and miscellaneous household appli-
ances, with production cuts in pros-
pect for those lines as well,
One-Third Less Gasoline
Pressing his program of gsoline
conservation-in the face of an ex-
pected shortage in the East-Secre-
tary Ickes asked for a voluntary re-
duction of one-third in gasoline con-
sumption in 16 East Coast states.
The White House announced the
appointment of a six-member com-
mittee to'investigate complaints that
Negroes seeking jobs in defense, in-
dustries and in the Government were
the objects of discrimination. To the
chairmanship, he named Mark Eh-
ridge, general manager of the Louis-
Wages Ruled Out
Of Price-Control Bill
WASHINGTON, July 19. -'(P)-
Although, details of the Administra-
tion's price-control legislation are not
complete, a Congressional source said
today that leaders had ruled against
including wages among the items
which would be subject to regula-
tion by the President through the
Office of Price Control.
The measure is expected to be sub-
mitted to Congress next week.
As explained by those familiar with
its general terms, the legislation would
fix a basic period-probably the first
six months of 1941-as an average
level to be used in computing fair
wholesale prices for various products.
A formula which would take into
consideration the cost of production
as well as other factors then would
be applied to arrive at a "ceiling"
Is Talk Topic
Prof. Twitty To Lecture
At 8 P.M. Tomorrow
"The Study of the Embryonic De-
velopment by Microsurgical Experi-
menots" will be the subject of an il-
lustrated lecture to be given at 8 p.m.
tomorrow in the Lecture Hall of the
Rackham Building by Prof. V. C.
Twitty of Stanford University.
Professor Twitty will be introduced
by Prof. Peter Okkelberg, assistant
dean of the graduate school. The
lecture, third in a series sponsored
by the Offices of the Summer Ses-
sion, is open to the public.
The next lecture in the series will
be given on Monday, July 28, by Prof.
Ralph W. Hammet of the College of
Local Churches Sponsor Tours
And Talks On Vital Topics Today
Student tours and talks on various.government, and herself suffered im-
topics vital at the present time will prisonment as a part of the severe
be sponsored today by Ann Arbor persecution of the liberal'movement.
churches. Since she was there from before the
The Rev. Henry Lewis of St. An- outbreak of the war to the beginning
drew's Episcopal Church has made of the Greek-Italian conflict, she pos-
arrangements for all Episcopal stu- sesses authentic information on how
dents and their friends to go to the the blackout of freedom actually came
Cranbrook Foundation in Bloomfield about.
Hills. Leaving Harris Hall at 3 p.m., Miss Handler studied at Tufts Col-
the students will first go to the lege and Tufts Theological School in
Foundation, where they will hear a Medford, Mass., and also at Boston
lecture on its work given by Rev. University and Northwestern Univer-
Charles Cadigan, rector of Christ sity. She has preached in a number
Church at the Foundation. of churches in the East and has
From there the students will travel worked in the Unitarian headquarters
to Lake Angelus for a picnic supper at Boston. Recently she resigned from
and swimming. Reservations must her work in the Western Unitarian
be made for this tour. Conference office, to become minister
* ** Iof tR e hutrch in. Lanwrence_ Kan.
Before going to the Temperance
Hotel, where we shall spend the night,
we visited the Canadian Heights Park,
a beautiful scenic place with mam-
moth trees, and another fine view of
After dinner at the hotel, most of
us were content to sit around and
wait for dark, at which time the Falls
were brilliantly lighted. Giant search-
lights spread a rainbow of color on
the falling water, making a perfect
climax to a day full of scenic won-
Booker To Lecture
On Social Security
Dr. Ivan A. Booker, visiting mem-
ber of the School of Education Fac-
ulty, will lecture at 4:05 p.m. tomor-
row in University High School on
"Teachers and Social Security."
Dr. Booker is Assistant Director of
the Research Division of the Na-
tional Education Association. He re-
Highlighting the first meeting of
the seventh Conference on Religion,
to be held on the campus Tuesday
through Thursday, will be a talk by
Dr. William P. Lemon, pastor of the
Ann Arbor Presbyterian Church.
Dr. Lemon will address members
of the Conference at an informal
Called "one of the effective in-
terpreters of Biblical literature" by
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, coun-
selor in , religious education at
the University, Dr. Lemon is outstand-
ing in religious circles, having served
on the editorial staffs of the Chris-
tian Century and of the Presbyterian
Tribune, New York. He came to the
Ann Arbor church'seven years ago
after preaching ten years at the Uni-
versity of Minnesota and four years
at the University of Iowa.
With the luncheon will open three
days of discussion designed to offer
to members of the Summer Session an
introduction to certain religious issues.
of the day and acquaintance with a
few recognized leaders in religious'
Principle consideration of the meet-
ings will be upon-the general theme:'
A Consideration of Current Religious
Education and the relation of religi-
ous leaders to the Public Schools.
This general topic has been divided
into three specific sections for the
forum meetings from 2:30 to 4 p.m.
each of the three days, in the East
Members of the Lutheran Student
Association, meeting at 5:30 p.m. at
Zion Lutheran Parish Hall, will hear
a talk by Kenneth Morgan of the
Student Religious Association on the
speaker's experiences in a Hindu mon-
rctery. Morgan recently spent a year
in India, studying modern Hinduism.
* * *
ULLCUu ul l IUW mt:, 1ci.
At the round-table discussion at
7:30 p.m. Miss Handler will discuss
"Women in the New World," covering
the fields of teaching, preaching and
This will be the last service in the
church until fall.
* ** m
The student class which meets at